Gay / Lesbian Youth Suicide Problems in Australia / New Zealand?
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Gay / Bisexual Youth Suicide Problems in Europe?
More Information at: The Original Site on GB Male Suicide Problems
Published Studies: Suicide Attempt Incidence for Gay and Bisexual Male Youth.
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Suicide Attempt Studies With Control Samples: Gay, Bisexual Males
Social Construction of Male Homosexuality and Related Suicide Problems...(For Printing, Table 2; Pour imprimer, Tableau 2)

Social Construction of Male Homosexuality and Related Suicide Problems...To 1994: there were 12 studies available of gay and lesbian youth - mostly gay and bisexual male youth - that produced an average lifetime "suicide attempt" incidence of about 30%. Additional studies have not changed this estimate.
 
 

Table 2 - G(L)B Youth Lifetime "Suicide Attempt" DATA Unpublished Studies (American, or Specified)
& Published Suicide Attempt Data (No Analysis)
STUDY (N)1 MALES MEAN AGE % SUICIDE ATTEMPTERS
NOTES
Martin & Hetrick, 1988
Youth Visiting Hetrick & 
Martin Institute (N.Y.)
5002
GLB Youth
approx.
+/- 17.0
21.0%
 
Magnuson, 1992
Master's Thesis - Canada
773
GB Males
+/- 23.5
26.0%
 
Uribe & Harbeck, 1992
372
+/- 17.0
+/- 50.0%
 
Herdt/Boxer, 1993
Youth Members of Horizon
Youth Group - Chicago
1412
GB Youth
to 21
+/- 17.0
20.0%
 
Remafedi, 1994
239
GB Youth
13-21
19.9
30.0%
70/237
 
Dohaney, 1995
Master's Study
202
GLB Youth
--
20.0%
 
Jordan, 1994
Master's Study
342
GLB School
Students
--
35.3%
 
Hetch, 1998
PhD Study
522
GLB Youth
--
25.7%
 
Mean
(8 Studies)
   
28.4%5
 
Internet Survey (1997)7
by Outproud & Oasis Magazine
1953
GLB Youth
78% Males
10-25
18.0
22.0%
Re-
attempters
62%
Internet Survey (2900)
by Outproud & Oasis Magazine
Gay & Bisexual Males
1226 (GB)
970 (GB)
248 (GB)
13 - 18 US
19 - 25 US
13-25 Canada
28.0%
26.8%
23.0%
53.4%
53.8%
63.2%
Internet Survey (2900)
by Outproud & Oasis Magazine
Lesbian & Bisexual Females
466 (LB)
276 (LB)
56 (LB)
13 - 18 U.S.
19 - 25 U.S.
13-25 Canada
45.9%
38,4%
28,6%
71.0%
69.8%
43.7%
Omega Cohort
Montréal (1999)
629
(GB)
32 Years
Mean
36.1%
40.7%
Vanguard Cohort
Vancouver (1997)
318
(GB)
27 Years
Mean
18.0%

7. 78% of first suicide attempts occurred between from the age 12 to 16 years.
* Study samples included lesbian or bisexual females.

1.  An assortment of community-based volunteer samples, sometimes including individuals referred for the study by counselors.  The sometimes high percentage of subjects in 'counselling" situation has produced related criticism, the implication being of "bias" - but this may not be the case. Community-based samples of gay and bisexual males used in HIV-AIDS research (cohort samples) have revealed a high prevalence of "psychiatric histories" (up to about 60%) for these males. See Colorado Paper (1997).

2.  Samples of gay/bisexual males who were a part of larger sample including lesbians and bisexual females. Suicide attempt prevalence was given for whole group with the authors specifying a statistical non-difference for both genders.

3.  Samples of gay/bisexual males who were a part of larger sample including lesbians and bisexual females. Suicide attempt prevalence was given for the males.

4. Samples of gay/bisexual/lesbian individuals with suicide attempt prevalence given for entire group.

5. The significance of 30.5% (or 28.4%) of gay/bisexual male youth having attempted suicide is realized from the following summary of suicide attempt prevalence in the general male youth population:

The prevalence of suicide attempts among gay and bisexual male youths is high (39%), especially as compared to reports of presumably heterosexual [male & female] youths in high schools (11% to 16%) (Adcock, Nagy, & Simpson, 1991; Garrison,1989) and community samples (9% to 12%) (Guyer, Lescohier, Gallagher, Hausman, & Azzara, 1989; Joffe, Offord, & Boyle, 1988). (Rotheram-Borus et al. 1994)
By 1993-94, it was possible to average the results of  "suicide attempt" studies to produce a "lifetime suicide attempt" incidence of about 30% for gay and bisexual male youth as done by Tremblay 1994, Tremblay 1995 (Alternate Link) and Bagley and Tremblay (1997). By 1998, however, about 11 years after the 1987 Minnesota Adolescent Health  Survey had been done, Saewyc EM, et al (1998) reported that, in the survey,  "nearly 1 of 3 older boys and girls [in the 15 to 18-year -old range] reported at least one suicide attempt," thus replicating the "30%" average for studies based on volunteer community-based samples of gay and bisexual male youth, or samples also consisting of lesbian and bisexual female youth.
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