Gay / Lesbian Youth Suicide Problems in Australia / New Zealand?
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Gay / Bisexual Youth Suicide Problems in Europe?
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More Studies Producing Higher Suicide Attempt Incidences for Gay Youth
Social Construction of Male Homosexuality and Related Suicide Problems...(For Printing, Table 1; Pour imprimer, Tableau 1)

Social Construction of Male Homosexuality and Related Suicide Problems...To 1994: there were 12 studies available of gay and lesbian youth - mostly gay and bisexual male youth - that produced an average lifetime "suicide attempt" incidence of about 30%. Additional studies have not changed this estimate.
 
 

Table 1: G(L)B Youth Lifetime "Suicide Attempt" DATA Published Studies (American, or Specified)
STUDY (N)1 MALES MEAN AGE % SUICIDE ATTEMPTERS
REATTEMPT INCIDENCE
Roesler & Deisher, 1972
60
GB Males
20
31.0%
37%
Remafedi, 1987
29
GB Males
18.3
31.0%
20%
Schneider et al. 1989
108
GB Males
20.6
20.0%
45%
Remafedi et al. 1991
137
GB Males
19.6
30.0%
44%
Rotheram Borus, 1992 (1994)
Hetrick & Martin Institute (N.Y.)
138
GB Males
(14-19)
+/- 17
39.0%
52%
D'Augelli & Hersberger, 1993
- U.S. Youth Groups
1422
GB Males
19.2
42.0%*
 
Hammelman, 1993
283
+/- 23
25.0%*
 
Proctor & Groze, 1994 - Youth
Groups - U.S.  & Canadian
1592
GB Males
+/- 19
40.3%*
 
Grossman & Kerner, 1998**
904
GLB Youth
(14-21)
+/- 18
30.0%*
67%
 Cochand  & Bovet, 1998 -
Switzerland
 139
GB Males
 36.4
 22.8%
 
 Kelly et al., 1998
Australia
 229
GB Males
 33.0
 23.6%
 
Waldo et al. (1998)
 544
GLB Youth
 +/- 18.5
 32.0%

Means
(12 Studies)
   
30.5%5
44.1%

* Study samples included lesbian or bisexual females.

1.  An assortment of community-based volunteer samples, sometimes including individuals referred for the study by counselors.  The sometimes high percentage of subjects in 'counselling" situation has produced related criticism, the implication being of "bias" - but this may not be the case. Community-based samples of gay and bisexual males used in HIV-AIDS research (cohort samples) have revealed a high prevalence of "psychiatric histories" (up to about 60%) for these males. See Colorado Paper (1997).

2.  Samples of gay/bisexual males who were a part of larger sample including lesbians and bisexual females. Suicide attempt prevalence was given for whole group with the authors specifying a statistical non-difference for both genders.

3.  Samples of gay/bisexual males who were a part of larger sample including lesbians and bisexual females. Suicide attempt prevalence was given for the males.

4. Samples of gay/bisexual/lesbian individuals with suicide attempt prevalence given for entire group.

5. The significance of 30.5% (or 28.4%) of gay/bisexual male youth having attempted suicide is realized from the following summary of suicide attempt prevalence in the general male youth population:

The prevalence of suicide attempts among gay and bisexual male youths is high (39%), especially as compared to reports of presumably heterosexual [male & female] youths in high schools (11% to 16%) (Adcock, Nagy, & Simpson, 1991; Garrison,1989) and community samples (9% to 12%) (Guyer, Lescohier, Gallagher, Hausman, & Azzara, 1989; Joffe, Offord, & Boyle, 1988). (Rotheram-Borus et al. 1994)
By 1993-94, it was possible to average the results of  "suicide attempt" studies to produce a "lifetime suicide attempt" incidence of about 30% for gay and bisexual male youth as done by Tremblay 1994, Tremblay 1995 (Alternate Link) and Bagley and Tremblay (1997). By 1998, however, about 11 years after the 1987 Minnesota Adolescent Health  Survey had been done, Saewyc EM, et al (1998) reported that, in the survey,  "nearly 1 of 3 older boys and girls [in the 15 to 18-year -old range] reported at least one suicide attempt," thus replicating the "30%" average for studies based on volunteer community-based samples of gay and bisexual male youth, or samples also consisting of lesbian and bisexual female youth.

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