Gay / Lesbian Youth Suicide Problems in Australia / New Zealand?
To: Table of Content - The Homosexuality Factor in the Youth Suicide Problem - 1995
Suicidality Results from More than 30 Studies in Four Categories!

Table 3: Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youth Suicide Attempt Studies
Site Index: Gay / Bisexual Male Suicide Problems
History of the Suicide Problem in Gay Communities
Pierre J. Tremblay

Presented at the Sixth Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention, Banff, Alberta, October 11-14, 1995, (c) Oct 1995. First made available on the Internet on January 19, 1996.

Table 3: Gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth: studies reporting suicide attempt incidence.

Gay-related stressors, attempters versus non-attepters. Out to parent (53% vs 30%), discovered gay by parents (37% vs 23%), by others in family (41% vs 28%), ridiculed for sex identity (57% vs 45%), all not statistically significant. For all males: lifetime prevalence rates 50% higher for alcohol use,  300% higher for marijuana use, and 800%   higher for cocaine / crack use than national average for same-age youth. Lesser differences reported in Magnuson (1992) study..
Related Factors/Reasons: Substance abuse problems 26/37 males, 7/13 females. Positive family relationship: only 2/37 males. Most prevalent feeling for females: isolation. First sexual experience for males at 14 years (average), all with strangers. 35/37 homosexually active. For females 5/13 = 38%. Most suicide attempters got mental health services outside school. All deny their homosexual orientation to mental health professionals.

24. Gibson, P. Gay and Lesbian Youth Suicide. In: Feinlieb, MR., ed. Vol. 3: Prevention and Intervention in Youth Suicide, Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Youth Suicide, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 1989.

33. Rotheram-Borus, MJ., Hunter, J., and Rosario, M. Suicidal behavior and gay-related stress among gay and bisexual male adolescents. Unpublished Manuscript, Columbia University. Data and results summarized in #35, p. 265, 267.

35. Savin-Williams, RC. Verbal and physical abuse in the lives of lesbian, gay male, and bisexual youth: Associations with school problems, running away, substance abuse, prostitution, and suicide. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1994; 62(2): 261-69.

37. Uribe, V., and Harbeck, KM. Addressing the needs of les bian, gay, and bisexual youth: The origins of PROJECT 10 and school-based intervention. In: Harbeck, Karen M., ed. Coming Out of the Classroom Closet. Haworth Press, Inc., Binghampton, N.Y., 1992, pp. 9-28. Also published in the Journal of Homosexuality, 1992.


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