Gay / Lesbian Youth Suicide Problems in Australia / New Zealand?
To: Table of Content - The Homosexuality Factor in the Youth Suicide Problem - 1995
Suicidality Results from More than 30 Studies in Four Categories!
Table 1:  The Most Representative Suicidality Studies
Site Index: Gay / Bisexual Male Suicide Problems
Table 3: Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youth Suicide Attempt Studies
Pierre J. Tremblay

Presented at the Sixth Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention, Banff, Alberta, October 11-14, 1995, (c) Oct 1995. First made available on the Internet on January 19, 1996.

Table 2: Gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth: studies reporting suicide attempt incidence.

Related Factors/Reasons: Declining academic performance 80% (12/15, in school), substance abuse 58%, running away 41%, conflicts with law 41%, truancy 39%, school dropouts 31%, chemical dependency treatment 17%, psychiatric hospitalization 31% (5/9 - 56% - for suicide attempters), seen a psychiatrist at least once: 72%.
Related Factors/Reasons: 70% of attempters attempted suicide before age of 18. 64% of them state that sexual orientation was part (35%) or most (29%) of reason. 59% of substance abusers (17/48: 35%) give sexual orientation to be part (47%) or most (12%) of reason. Suicide attempt incidence for a) abused youth (38%), b) the ones with substance abuse problems (41%), and c)  the ones rejected by their families (4/11: 36%).
Suicide attempt Reasons:  Attempters were significantly younger when homosexual attraction attraction detected, homo-activity and self-labeling occurred. Most attempters (Mean age = 16.3 years, youngest = 12 years-old) were closeted when first attempt occurred. Most struggling with sexual orientation issues alone.

25. Hammelman, TL. Gay and lesbian youth: Contributing factors to Serious attempts or considerations of suicide. Journal of Gay and lesbian Psychotherapy, 1993; 2(1): 77-89.

30. Remafedi, G. Adolescent homosexuality: psychosocial and medical implications. Pediatrics, 1987; 79(3): 331-337.

36. Schneider, SG., Farberow, NL., and Kruks, NK. Suicidal Behavior in adolescent and young adult gay men. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 1989; 19(4): 281-394.


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