Pierre J. Tremblay
at the Sixth Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Suicide
Prevention, Banff, Alberta, October 11-14, 1995, (c) Oct 1995. First made
available on the Internet on January 19, 1996.
The most representative studies reporting on the suicide attempt problem
for gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth.
Adolescent HJealth Questionnnaire (AHQ). Family & Self-perception (Good
Indicators), Social Environment (Moderate Indicator). Three indicators
correctly classify 56% of attempters.
Constellation of predictors of suicide attempts: low self-esteem, alcohol
abuse, depression, loss of friend due to being gay/lesbian, plus negative
familial response to coming out.
|Suicide attempt Reasons::
Family problems (44%(, Personal/ interpersonal turmoil related to sexual
orientation (33%), depression (30%), peer conflicts (22%), substance abuse
(15%), romance (11%). 75% of suicide attempts after self-identification,
1/3 within first year after. Multiple Logistic Regression Results: 3-times
risk for suicide attempt associated with being feminine and using illegal
drugs. With each year delay in self-identification (mean age = 13.7 years),
risk drops by 80%. Average age of suicide attempt = 15.5 years. Sample
resembles suicide completers with respect to family dysfunction, subtance
abuse, and many being repeat suicide attempters.
23. D'Augelli, AR., Hershberger, SL. Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth
in community settings: personal challenges and mental health problems.
Journal of Community Psychology, 1993; 21(4): 421-448.
29. Proctor, CD., and Groze, VK. Risk factors for suicide among gay,
lesbian, and bisexual youth. Social Work, 1994; 39(5):504-513.
31. Remafedi, G., Farrow, JA., and Deisher, RW. Risk factors for attempted
suicide in gay and bisexual youth. Pediatrics, 1991;87(6): 869-875.