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Index: - Bisexuality - - Religion   &  Spirituality - GLBT  History - HIV-AIDS - Male  Youth Prostitution - Homosexuality:  Biological  or  Learned ? Public School Issues - Transgender / Tranvestite / Transsexual - Lesbian  &  Bisexual Women - Homo-Negativity / Phobia - Identity Formation  &  Coming Out - Counseling  &  Therapy - Professional Education  - Bisexuality - Gay & Bisexual Male Suicide Problems - Drug / Alcohol Use / Abuse / Addiction  -  - Community Attributes  &  ProblemsCouples / Families / Children / Adoption / Spousal Violence - The Elderly - Race/Ethnic Minority Issues: U.S., Canada, Europe,  New Zealand & AustraliaLatin America / Africa - Middle East / Asia

BISEXUALITY

Page Index: - General Information. - Bisexuality in Communities of Color. - Oppression, Biphobia & Binary Thinking. - Everyone Bisexual? - Writings on Bisexuality. - Professional Resources. - Conferences. - Internet Resources. - Bibliographies. - Books. - Full Text Articles.


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And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!
 

A Problem for bisexual men in NYC (2008): PDF Download.
"No MSM who identified themselves as bisexual had disclosed to their health care providers."

Why Is Male Bisexuality Like the Higgs Boson? (2014)
Both have required rigorous study methods to establish their existence.

The Bizarre World of the Bisexual (YouTube, Humor, Maybe).

Situational Homosexuality or Behavioral Bisexuality ... a recap ... subsequent discourse so far (2011)

  Gay animals: the truth behind the cover-up (2012):
It was a long-held scientific secret but from gay giraffes to mostly-lesbian chimpanzees to prostitute penguins, all animal species seem to be bisexual.


Aren't We All a Little Bisexual?”: The Recognition of Bisexuality in an Unlikely Place (2011 Paper - Abstract).

Considerable gender, racial and sexuality differences in attitudes toward bisexuality (2013)

R&B Crooner Comes Out As Bisexual
Former Teen Idol Omarion Announces That he Is Bisexual.

BiBrain.Org: The video above confirms what three separate academic papers to be published
soon have found: there is objective scientific evidence for bisexual arousal patterns in human males
as well as females. Put differently, it is wrong to say a person is "straight, gay or lying."
.
Which Sexuality? Which Service?”: Bisexual Young People's Experiences with Youth, Queer and Mental Health Services in Australia: The health implications of misrepresentation, marginalization, and exclusion from a  heteronormative society, including adolescent health research and health services, along with homonormative gay and lesbian communities are addressed. Recommendations by counselors/community workers who work with bisexual youth are discussed. The researchers document the need for bi-specific youth research and health promotion resources, as well as more inclusive organizational policies, programs and practices in order to address the issues of invisibilization and inadequate representation that lead to a range of mental, social, and sexual health concerns.

The Erotic Theater of the Mind: Secret Sexual Fantasies: "Even, perhaps especially, the outwardly homophobic male has gay fantasies. Why do you think a guy like that is so scared of gays “converting” straight men?  Because in his fantasies, that’s exactly what happens: a hugely endowed male dominates him, forcing him to have sex—usually giving oral or taking anal--and he likes it, at least in fantasy (again, this doesn’t necessarily mean he’s truly gay).  Masters & Johnson reported that heterosexuals often fantasize about homosexual encounters and vice versa, more often reflecting curiosity and other impulses than the desire to change the gender of one's real-life lovers. Norman Mailer went so far as to say that “There is probably no sensitive heterosexual alive who is not preoccupied with his latent homosexuality.”  I would add “at some point in his life,”  since such desires come and go. Our society tends to make things black or white, good or bad, male or female, heterosexual or homosexual. But the human sexual imagination is most definitely bisexual, even what you might call omnisexual...

General Information

Queer, Isn't It?: Bi the Way (2006): Bisexuals are the oft-overlooked segment of the GLBT and straight communities. -  What is Bisexuality? Who is Bisexual? - Bisexuality - what is it? (1998) - What is bisexuality? Assume nothing! (PDF Download) - Is bisexuality a third sexual orientation? - Bisexuality Notes.  - Bisexuality (Wikipedia). - Soc.Bi FAQ  -  Women and bisexuality (1993): Book Review. - University of Toronto: Bisexuality. - Heterosexual privilege. - Heterosexual privilege and bisexual visibility. - Who's Bi? (1996) - Bisexuality is Valid (2001). - girls who like boys... and girls: being bisexual (2005). - An Introduction to Bisexuality. - Bisexuality: Beyond the 3rd Term (1995). - Bisexuality: the state of the union (2002). - Queer vs bi identity (2001). - Goodbye to Gay? Overcoming homophobia will result in more people having gay sex but fewer people claiming gay identity (1997). - Diverse desires by Roger Garland (2009). - Bisexuality and Transgenderism (1999). - The Journal of Bisexuality: Looking Toward the InterSEXions: Examining Bisexual and Transgender Identity Formation from a Dialectical Theoretical Perspective (2003, Book: Bisexuality and Transgenderism: Intersexions of the Others - Google Books). -  Men and Women with Bisexual Identities Show Bisexual Patterns of Sexual Attraction to Male and Female "Swimsuit Models" (2012). - Why bisexuals stay in the closet (2013): Only 28% of bisexuals have come out because of stereotypes in the straight and gay communities that they're sex-crazed or incapable of monogamy, a new study shows. - I’m A Bisexual Man: Why Is That So Hard For Me To Say? (2013): Sometimes it is easier to pretend I’m straight or gay than deal with people’s perception of my bisexuality. - Bisexual: A Label With Layers: Tom Daley Comes Out as Bisexual, Igniting L.G.B.T. Debate (2013).  - Considerable gender, racial and sexuality differences in attitudes toward bisexuality (2013): Men who identify themselves as heterosexual are three times more likely to categorize bisexuality as “not a legitimate sexual orientation,” an attitude that can encourage negative health outcomes in people who identify as bisexual,... Of note, respondents who identified as gay or lesbian responded significantly less positively toward bisexuality than those identifying as bisexual, indicating that even within the sexual minority community, bisexuals face profound stigma. In addition, these findings indicate that male bisexuals likely suffer more stigma than female bisexuals.

Drawing the Line: Bisexual Women in the Lesbian Community (1990). - Bisexuality not a transitional phase among women, according to new research (2008). - Gary Lynn reports on his life as bisexual and related religion problems. - Hiding in the closet? Bisexuals, coming out and the disclosure imperative (2007). - Bisexuals show increased visibility (2007). - Putting the 'B' Back in LGBT: Bisexuality, Queer Politics and HIV/AIDS Discourse (2006). - South Africa : Lack of bisexual, transgender and intersex people causes an imbalance in representation (2011, Alternate Link): Director of the Pietermaritzburg Gay and Lesbian Network in KwaZulu-Natal, Anthony Waldehausen admitted that that there is lack of bisexual, transgender and intersex programming among LGBTI organisations. - Sexual arousal patterns of bisexual men revisited (2011). - The Pressure of Being Expected To Know: Reflections on Sexual Fluidity (2011)

Straight, Gay or Lying? Bisexuality Revisited - New York Times (2005, Alternate Link). - Case Closed: Bisexual Men Exist! (2011). - No Surprise for Bisexual Men: Report Indicates They Exist (2011). - Sexual arousal patterns of bisexual men (2005, Full Text). - J. Michael Bailey attacks the identities of yet another sexual minority group: He claims that the plethysmograph proves bisexual men are "lying", and that most are just gay men after all. - Report on bisexuality study angers gay activists: Critics say New York Times ignored methodology, author’s past (2005). - Bailey's Bisexuality Study (2005). - Controversy over Professor J. Michael Bailey and the Existence of Bisexuality. - Is bisexuality real? (2007) - The Bees and...the Bees: A Homosexuality and Bisexuality Primer (2000). - Patrolling the Borders of Sexual Orientation: Bisexual Refugee Claims in Canada (2005). - Do we need any more bi celebrities?  (2007) - Bisexuality not a transitional phase among women, according to new research (2008). - Bisexuality as a Concept in Finland (2002). - Introduction to Bisexual Theory (2009, University Course). - CAMH study shows mental health services don’t meet the needs of bisexual people (2008). - Coming Out As Bisexual. - No, Not All Bi Women Love Threesomes: Silly Myths About Women and Bisexuality. - Pomosexuality in Italy (2004). - Bisexuality Continues To Puzzle Researchers (2009, Alternate Link). - Why are so many girls lesbian or bisexual? (2010).  

More Light on Bisexuality and Transgender (2002, PDF Download). - Panel discusses fact, fiction, views about bisexuality (2002). - Bisexuality: A Complex Reality (1998). - A Sexual Orientation Worksheet (1999). - Re-Visioning Bisexuality (1998). - A Sexuality Beyond the Labels (1998). - Being Bisexual (2003). - Japanese male gay and bisexual identity (2001). - Inescapable Essentialism: Bisexually-Identified Women's Strategies in the Late 80s and Early 90s (2002). - Genetics and bisexuality (2007, PDF Download): "A population-genetic model indicates that if there is a gene responsible for homosexual behaviour it can readily spread in populations. The model also predicts widespread bisexuality in humans." - Related Vews Item: The Genetics of Bisexuality (2007). - What Happened to Bi Activism? (2005) - ‘Losing My Credentials’: Bisexual Women in Committed Relationships N/A: Fear of family disapproval or other forms of discrimination has resulted in many women’s refusal to take on the often-detested “lesbian” label. Lesbians who have been willing to risk “lesbophobia” in the world by calling themselves “lesbian” often feel betrayed by, or at least wary of, a woman who has committed to another woman but not to battling on the front lines by proudly calling herself a lesbian. They may see her bisexuality as a cop-out or even a threat. - Bisexuality/bisexual married female that cant act on what feels right (2009). - Bisexual men, ‘the unicorns of the sexuality spectrum,’ do, in fact, exist. Hugo Schwyzer argues that bi guys are no less capable of fidelity than the rest of us (2011). - Bisexuals: You Need to Come Out to Your Friends and Spouses - Now (2011).

FAQ - Bisexuality and Bisexuals What is "bisexuality" anyway? - What is "a bisexual"? -  Is there a difference between "a bisexual", "bisexual" and "bi"? -  So if I've never slept with a MOTSS/MOTOS, but I feel attracted to one, am I bisexual? -  Aren't bisexuals just just going through a phase of being confused about their sexuality? -  Aren't bisexuals really denying their homosexuality? - Are bisexuals equally attracted to both sexes? -  Do bisexuals have to have lovers of both sexes to be bisexual? -  Are bisexuals capable of monogamy? -  But if they're monogamous, how can they be bisexual? -  Isn't everyone really bisexual? -  Why do you think bi issues are different from gay issues, since all your problems come the same source: homophobia? -  Why would lesbians/gay men discriminate against bisexuals? -  Why CAN'T you choose one sex over the other? -  I've discovered that I'm bisexual - should I tell my family? -  Is there really a bisexual community? -  Are there any bi-friendly places in real life? -  Does anyone know of any good books with bisexual characters? -  What is the Kinsey scale? -  What other resources are available on bisexuality? -  What is "bisexuality" anyway? - Bisexuality as a cultural norm is in fact the natural next step for our society to take. - The Rise and Repercussions of Bisexual Chic: Examining Female-Female Sexual Activity in the Heterosexual Dating Context.

The bisexual test. - Is bisexuality a third sexual orientation? - Bisexuality: Neither Homosexuality nor Heterosexuality.- Bisexuality as seen by Newsweek. (Related Information) - Some notes on bisexuality. - Is everyone bisexual? (Part of a film review) - Fat and Bi. - What is the Bisexual Network BiNe e.V.? - Was ist BiNe? - Bisexuality is not a Phase. - The Challenges and Rewards of Life as an Outspoken Bisexual Elder. - Bisexual Students Face Tension With Gay Groups. - The more they like sex, the more women like women: Bisexuality is on the rise - but only on one side of the gender gap. - Study explores link between bisexuality & poor mental health. - Study Finds Bisexual Health Awareness, Resources Lacking. - Bisexuality: The true norm?

Les Bisexuels: - "Après les gais et les lesbiennes, c'est maintenant au tour des bisexuels de sortir de la garde-robe et de revendiquer leurs droits. Accrochez-vous à votre tuque: cette troisième révolution sexuelle risque de choquer autant les gais que les hétéros. - La bisexualité : corps et âme?  La bisexualité dans tous ses états. - Le premier manifeste français des hommes et des femmes bisexuel/le/s. - Antenne d'information bisexuelle Romande (Suisse). - Le niveau de tolérance sociale envers la bisexualité et l'homosexualité. -  Le manifeste bi italien Identité bi.

Qu’est-ce que la bisexualité? - Sur le vif, quelques réflexions sur la sexualité. - Bisexualité: le dernier taboo? - Manifeste pour une bisexualité radicale. - Dossier Orientations, identités Sexuelles. - Les bisexuel-le-s et l'échangisme. - La bisexualité, vous pratiquez? - La bisexualité au royaume des mâles. - Vivre sa bisexualité. - Us et coutumes fictives des bisexuels. - Soirées bisexuelles / Le meilleur des deux mondes. - Bisexualité en Suisse. - Les Français et les tabous sexuels. - Tous bi or not tous bi? - Lever le voile sur les pratiques bisexuelles. - Pas facile d'être bi.

Everybody Wants You When You're Bi. - Theorizing the bisexual: bisexuality and the politics of invisibility. - Being Bi in a Mono-Culture: Towards A More Inclusive Perspective on Race and Sexuality. - Playing Safe With Both Teams: Bisexuality and HIV Prevention, Bisexuality In The Media. - Data are emerging on the psychology of bisexuals (APA) - Bisexuality's appeal is freedom of choice.- GLAAD's Bi Visibility Project. - On bisexuality -- and the suppression of feelings N/A. - US girls embrace gay passion fashion: "Some see it as the latest cool trend among girls in America's high schools. Others claim it is just teenagers doing what they do best - being rebellious. Either way, a wave of 'bisexual chic' is sweeping the United States."

A Brief History of the Bisexual Movement. - A Brief History of the Movement. - A different "A brief history of the bisexual movement." - Bisexual Movement (A history). - Brève chronologie du mouvement bi américain. - The Problem with Today’s Bisexual Movement (PDF Download). - Voici une liste quasi exhaustive des clichés sur la bisexualité. - Le choix homo ou hétéro m'apparaît comme une restriction N/A

I've never had a bisexual client... Can a therapist help if she believes you don't exist?. - Bi Community News (England). - The London Bisexual Women's Group. - Manchester Bisexuals Homepage. - SM Bisexuals home page. - Bifrost was the UK's only bisexual news letter from July 1991 to July 1995.- Coming Out for Bisexuals. - Bisexuality in Switzerland. -  Being Bi at Amherst. -  Advice For Coming Out as Bisexual. - UK Bi Youth. - Sidney Bi Youth. - Bi Youth Manchester.

So, your friend has recently come out as a proud bisexual, but now he's convinced that you’re bi, too.  -  Factor influencing sexual orientation: "On the basis of anthropological & child development evidence, it would appear that most human beings are born with a bisexual potential (PFLAG). - Bisexuality: Double the Phobia, Double the Fun. - Bisexual Fools in Love - All Acts of Love & Pleasure in Her Name.

Finding asylum: after he was arrested for sodomy and tortured in Uzbekistan, bisexual reporter Ruslan Sharipov escaped to the United States:  Were you out as a bisexual man in Uzbekistan? I wasn't advertising it. But people knew because for several years, besides general human rights work, I was defending sexual minorities. After I saw how the police torture and use [laws against homosexuality in] the criminal code to blackmail people, I decided I had to defend sexual minorities. Nobody was doing that kind of work in Uzbekistan. Everybody is afraid and says, "We can't talk about that."

Dr. Klein's Home for Everything Bisexual. -  Bi Married Men of America's Home. - Homosexualité masculine dans le couple, le dur apprentissage de la bisexualité au quotidien. - Loraine Hutchins: Expert on bisexuality, sacred & radical sex, and inter-related oppressions issues. - The Vogue Sexuality: "Loosely interpreted, bisexuality is not only the possession of attraction for members of more than one sex, but also the potential to feel so. For some individuals, bisexuality is a life-long commitment. For others, it is a step on the continuum between homosexuality and heterosexuality. Recent research is even suggesting the intriguing idea that heterosexuality and homosexuality are phases on the way to bisexuality."

L'association Bi Unité Montréal: Ce site a pour but de fournir des renseignements sur l'association Bi Unité Montréal et ses activités, et de diffuser l'information visant à permettre une meilleure connaissance de la bisexualité. - Articles divers. - Internet Resources.

BiWorld International News (Listing by countries). - First European Bisexual Conference. The Second European Bisexual Conference will be held in Dublin and is to be organized by Bi-Irish. - Sexualities: Studies in Culture and Society (Vol. 2-3. 1999): Postmodern Bisexuality. - Postmodern Bisexuality.

Bisexuality and how to use it: toward a coalition identity politics. - Bisexuality in Ancient Rome with Notes on similar situation in Ancient Greece. - Bisexuality Politicised: Radical Bisexuality and the Politics of Choice. - BiWomen: The Newsletter of the Boston Bisexual Women's Network. - Bisexuality; rhetoric and reality. (Page begin with Sarah McLachlan quote: "I find people in general sexually attractive. But then, I find trees sexually attractive too.

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Bisexuality in Communities of Color

Color Bi Numbers. - Bisexuality in South Asian Communities.- Silahis: Looking for the Missing Filipino Bisexual Male.(A part of the book "Bisexualities and AIDS: International Perspectives") - Confessions of a Tantric Androgyne, by Ganapati Sivananda Durgadas: Androgyny, bisexuality, and the many sexes of the Hindu deities. - Power and Sexuality in the Middle East: Sexual relations in Middle Eastern societies have historically articulated social hierarchies, that is, dominant and subordinate social positions: adult men on top; women, boys and slaves below." (Alternate Link) - It's What You Think You See That Counts: True Tales from the Edges of the Bi-Trans Continuum. - Identity Politics: "Besides being mixed race, I am also bisexual. I came out when I was seventeen, and it was a two year struggle." - Being Bi In The Monoculture: Towards a More Inclusive Perspective on Race and Sexuality.

Bisexuality in the African American Community. - Bisexuality and lesbianism in black culture. - Pushing Queer Boundaries What does it mean to be bisexual and black? - You can only give up 'identity' once you have one Marlene Ellis looks at where we are in the creation of a Bisexual identity. - Who's gay, and who cares? (Alternate Link) - 'Secret' Bisexuality Among Black Men Contributes to Rising Number of AIDS Cases in Black Women. - On the Down Low. - The Danger of Living "Down Low"; Black Men Who Hide Their Bisexuality Can Put Women at Risk. - St. Louis: Some Gay Black Men Are Keeping a Deadly Secret. - "The Deadly Secret" - Secret Bisexuality Threat to Women. - Men who sleep with men: Brothers on the down low pose a serious AIDS risk to Black women. - Why AIDS Is Rising Among Black Women. - Afro-American Studies 124: Constructions of Identity. - We Are Family? "Blacks call each other "brother" and "sister". Queers call each other "family". Where does that leave a black bisexual?" - The Hidden Epidemic: "It's called the 'down-low' - the lifestyle of black men who have sex with other men but keep it secret from the women in their lives. Men on the down-low risk more than rejection if they're found out - they face blame for fanning the flames of the AIDS epidemic." - The Low Down on Down Low Culture. - Sex, Lies and Magazines: "...many African Americans are unwilling to acknowledge homosexuality in their communities, and many black males, even those who sometimes engage in homosexual sex.."

HIV Disproportionately Affects African Americans: " Two new studies suggest that bisexual risk behaviors among African-American men may be fueling the spread of HIV infection to African-American women in some parts of the country. A survey of 7,065 men in gay venues in New York City, conducted by Tracy Mayne, PhD, and colleagues from the New York City Department of Health and Gay Men's Health Crisis, found 20% of African-American men reporting bisexuality, compared to 12% of Hispanics and 4% of white men." - Differences in disclosure of sexuality among African American and White gay/bisexual men: implications for HIV/AIDS prevention. - The (Re) Construction of African-American Masculinity: Homosexuality. - The truth about bisexuality in black America: AIDS epidemic and social problems create explosive situation. - "State Study Links Bisexuality to HIV Spread Among Minority Women." - "Bisexuality, Abuse, Drugs Behind AIDS Spread Among South's Rural Blacks, Researcher Says."

The extent of bisexual behaviour in HIV-infected men and implications for transmission to their female sex partners: "The proportion of MSM who reported having sex with women (MSM/MSW) varied by race: 34% of black MSM, 26% of Hispanic MSM, and 13% of white MSM. While 14% of white women acknowledged having a bisexual partner, only 6% of black and 6% of Hispanic women reported having a bisexual partner. Most behaviourally bisexual men identified as either bisexual (59%) or homosexual (26%)..."

Male 'Homosexualities' In India / South Asia: Excerpts from - Khan, Shivananda (2001). Culture, sexualities, and identities: men who have sex with men in India. Journal of Homosexuality, 40(3/4), 99-115. & Asthana S, and Oostvogels R (2001). The social construction of male 'homosexuality' in India: implications for HIV transmission and prevention. Social Science & Medicine, 52: 707-21. - India’s wings of desire. - Bi today, gay tomorrow? The Times of India wonders. - Bisexuality: the sudden reveal. - An Asia Society and South Asian Lesbian and Gay Association Panel Discussion: "There are virtually no prevention programs for men who have sex with men which is an enormously dangerous error in India given the vast extent of male bisexuality." - News Media Articles about the Sexual Practices in the Pashtun Region of Afghanistan - Pakistan.

HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean: Big Problems Among Small Islands: "Zacharias said that in some Caribbean countries, up to 17% of men have sex with other men. "Many don't consider themselves gay because they are the active partner," he said." - La bisexualité arabe (PDF Download N/A). - Prévention de proximité auprès des hommes impliqués dans des rapports de prostitution au Maroc.

Gary Leupp' Male Colors: The Construction of Homosexuality in Tokugawa Japan. "...Leupp traces the origins of pre-Tokugawa homosexual traditions among monks and samurai, then describes the emergence of homosexual practices among commoners in Tokugawa cities. He argues that it was "nurture" rather than "nature" that accounted for such conspicuous male/male sexuality and that bisexuality was more prevalent than homosexuality." (Book Review)


Oppression, Biphobia & Binary Thinking

Are bisexual oppressed?  - Keynote Speech (1994): "What's So Funny About Bisexual Separatism?" (Alternate Link) - Why would lesbian & gay organizations include bisexual? Oppression and Community. - Bisexual clients may feel extreme alienation as they confront pervasive unacceptance in both the heterosexual and the homosexual communities. - Bisexuality, Not Homosexuality: Counseling Issues and Treatment Approaches.. - Bisexual Internalized Oppression. (Alternate Link). - Bisexuality (The binary problems). - The Binary Oppositions of Inclusive Identities. - Survey finds less tolerance of bisexuals than of gays or lesbians. - Bisexuality: Politics and Community. - Bisexuality as asexuality: biphobic people, biphobia. - Bisexuality and the stigmatization encountered from those in the heterosexual and homosexual communities (PDF Download).  An example of binary thinking in a published paper (1986): Gay or Straight? Working With the Confused Adolescent. - Sexually Dichotomised Culture in the Lives of Bisexual Youth in School Context.

New campaign to target biphobia (2011): The room was full of bisexual folks, but there was no negative discussion. Rather, it was a celebration of a new visibility and inclusion campaign, This Is Our Community: Bisexual Anti-Stigma Campaign, funded by the Rainbow Health Network, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and the Toronto Bisexuality Education Project. “The campaign highlights four groups within the bi community that have been particularly marginalized: bisexual mothers, trans bisexuals, racialized bisexuals and bisexual youth,” Robinson says...

Movies Reflect the Undefined Sexuality of Youth  ...Although Many Filmmakers Fear Using the Word 'Bisexual' N/A: "Bryant founded Biversity in Boston, a mixed-gender network of 500 bisexuals and is on the board of the Bisexual Resource Center. He insists movies help influence people into believing what is acceptable and films help young people find role models. "The lack of positive role models contribute to the increased suicide rates of queer youth," Bryant explains. "Kids don't see characters on the screen they identify with, and now they may." Characters may not be labeled by the filmmakers, but Bryant sees "a new trend toward young people just not taking a label or caring about label." However, it's not just young characters, and it's not just an American phenomenon..." - Bisexuality in Films. - Male Bisexuality on the Big and Small Screen: Is Visibility Slowly Improving? - Toronto lesbian safety study explicitly excludes bisexual women.

Arndt, Marlene (2009). Attitudes towards bisexual men and women: the relationship between respondents' attitudes and their sexual orientation. PhD Dissertation, Psychology, University of Johannesburg. PDF Download. Download Page. This study posits that although the South African government has shown an unprecedented commitment to acknowledging and upholding the human rights of bisexual men and women, negative attitudes exist towards bisexual men and women. A mixed method research study was conducted, consisting of three phases... The results indicated that participants’ attitudes towards bisexual men and women vary on a range of factors such as gender, religiosity, contact, and the sexual orientation of the participants. Both heterosexual and homosexual students have more negative attitudes towards bisexual men and women than bisexual students. This double discrimination by heterosexuals and the gay and lesbian community is seldom recognised or acknowledged. Therefore, the current research findings elucidate that this oppression is real, and may have negative psychological effects on bisexual men and women. The results are discussed against the background of previous studies, and suggestions for future research are made.

In Gay, Straight Circles, Bisexuals Are the Outcasts (Keith Bowers, San Francisco Chronicle, 2000). - Bisexual women rejected by lesbians? - Lesbians biased against bisexuality? - Straight Lesbians Or Denying Bisexuality? - Tight Spots: Bi Acceptance. - Kinky Bisexuals: Ultimate Switches or Outcasts? - The Burden of Bisexuality And How The Gay Community Shuns It. - 2 distinctive items separating bi-affirmative spirituality from gay affirmative spirituality: "Often times when I read about 'gay-affirmative' spirituality, there is two elements I would like to see but usually do not. These same two items are often missing from most gay activist rhetoretic, but I feel the acceptance of the following two items are necessary if faith communities are to welcome bisexuals into their midst: ... - Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras Forces Bisexuals Back Into the Closet.

What Does Biphobia Look Like? -  The theme, "Biphobia Makes Us Blue", underscores two key political points simultaneously.  First, the term "Blue" accurately and synonymously describes the sadness, disappointment, and frustration we all feel when we are demeaned, rejected, excluded as bisexuals amongst our lesbian and gay peers. - Biphobia - Biphobia. - Internalized Biphobia. - Biphobia and Transphobia: Intellectual Ammunition from the Lesbian Avengers/SF. - Biphobia: It Goes More Than Two Ways. - Bisexuality Awareness and Bi-phobia: Afraid of Bisexuals? We are afraid of bisexuals. - Survey finds less tolerance of bisexuals than of gays or lesbians (PubMed Abstract). - The Prevalence and Nature of Biphobia in Heterosexual Undergraduate Students: "Although there was a high degree of correlation between biphobia and homophobia, negative attitudes about bisexuals, men in particular, were more prevalent than negative attitudes about lesbians or gay men. Biphobia and homophobia should be considered related, but distinct, phenomena."

Dobinson, Cheryl (2003). Improving the Access and Quality of Public Health Services for Bisexuals: A position paper and resolution adopted by the Ontario Public Health Association (OPHA). PDF Download. Excerpts: "When asked about the unique issues, experiences and challenges facing bisexual people one of the most common responses was to list the kinds of myths and stereotypes that exist around bisexuality, and which bisexuals must deal with. These include: that bisexuals must have a 50/50 attraction to men and women, that they are dishonest and cheat on their partners, that they can’t be monogamous, that it’s a phase or a transition, that bisexuals are wild and sexual, that they spread STDs/AIDS, that they are selfish, that they’re playing the field, that they can’t make up their  minds, that bisexuality doesn’t really exist and isn’t a legitimate sexual identity, and that bisexuals stay in the closet and live a mainly straight life. The existence of such stereotypes and myths about bisexuals is outlined in current literature as well (Bisexual Resource Centre 2002, McLean 2001, McInnis and Kong 1998, Richters 1997a, CLGRO 1997). Participants also talked about feelings of not belonging in either the straight or gay world, and about experiencing biphobia from gays and lesbians. They pointed out that bisexuals are largely invisible and that there is a lack of bisexual groups or a bisexual community to be part of. They mentioned isolation and loneliness, confusion, and mental health and self-esteem issues. Many felt that bisexuals experience pressure to choose to identify as gay or straight and also others being confused about what bisexuality means or why it is important. These feelings and experiences are also mentioned in the existing literature (Dennis 2003, Vargas 2002, Fallas and Landers 1999, Taghavi 1999, Vanasco 1999, McInnis and Kong 1998, Cornelson 1998, CLGRO 1997, Richters 1997a, Ochs 1996, Fox 1996, Alley 1996, Weinberg, Williams and Pryor 1994).

Avoidance of bisexuality: A psychohistorical exploration of sexualities and their consequences (2010): The avoidance of bisexuality is discussed as a reaction against the destabilizing effects that bisexuality has on the accepted binary and static conceptualization of sexuality and as a reaction to the moral anxiety that is aroused in relation to sexuality in general. Biphobia, from both the sexual majority and minority, hetero- and homo-sexual communities, is discussed as an active defense against the destabilization of cultural norms. Given past iatrogenic treatment of sexual minorities and current biphobic sociocultural norms, therapeutic and treatment recommendations for bisexual clients include: (a) having the therapist examine their own prejudices and limitations, (b) assessing the effectiveness of the interventions applied given the timing and needs of the client, (c) employing psychoeducation as a means to highlight sexual minorities' struggle for recognition and tolerance, (d) aiding the client in examining the effect of internalized sociocultural norms on their current feelings about their own sexuality, and (e) the clinician's use of basic clinical skills.

A hatred of bisexuality in gay communities? - Life as a Social Outcast: (White Print on White Background) "The first time I told someone I was bisexual there was silence. The second time I mentioned it women distanced themselves from me. Eventually, I was studiously avoided. I apparently didn't belong there because... I'm not a lesbian. - Highlights on the development of the Attitudes Regarding Bisexuality Scale.

Greenesmith H (2010). Drawing Bisexuality Back into the Picture: How Bisexuality Fits into LGBT Legal Strategy Ten Years After Bisexual Erasure. PDF. PDF [I]f I am not free and if I am not entitled equal to heterosexuals and homosexuals then homosexual men and women have joined with the dominant heterosexual culture in the tyrannical pursuit of E Pluribus Unum and I a bisexual woman committed to cultural pluralism and, therefore to sexual pluralism, can only say, you better watch your back! ...The queer community is stuck with one another. We are lucky enough to represent all humans. Everyone has a sexual orientation and a gender identity, just as everyone has a race, a national origin, and a creed. We cannot, as a community, allow the complexity of human identity and sexuality to be our excuse for forgetting those among us who do not fit along the binary or into a neat definition. As humanity continues to expand and evolve, we will continue to discover new identities and expressions. We must be prepared to accept and address human sexuality and identity or we will fail as a movement.

Bisexual... la sola palabra despierta pasiones y agudos enfrentamientos; para unos es sólo una condición transitoria en el paso de la heterosexualidad a la homosexualidad, un estado "por superar"; también se habla de ella como una homosexualidad solapada, la de aquellos que temen asumirse y terminan envueltos en relaciones con personas del sexo opuesto para demostrarle a los demás (y a sí mismos) que no son "eso". Por su parte una fracción de la comunidad gay ha llegado a satanizar al bisexual, calificándolo de cobarde por su "negativa" a definirse como "homo", un hijo de la opresión, un indefinido, nada. Además, en ésta, la era del sida, este personaje ha conseguido ganarse una muy mala reputación siendo culpado de "propagar" el virus por fuera de la comunidad homosexual (!); en fin el bisexual crea un vaivén que nadie parece soportar.

Skott Freedman: The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Alliance of Virginia Tech brought a speaker to campus last night to address the issue of bisexuality in the gay community. Skott Freedman, a 22-year-old Ithaca College graduate, spoke on combating biphobia and bringing bisexuals closer to the LGBTA community. Freedman said people often assume that either you are gay or you are straight." - Queer Enough For Ya?: (White Print on White Background) "I have, at times, experienced biphobia amongst lesbians. In fact, many bisexual women fear going to lesbian spaces because we know it's possible that our sexuality will be questioned or denied outright. However, I've never been able to illustrate that experience with perfect clarity ... until now."

Being Bi in a Binary World. - Bisexuality [and Related Issues]: Review.- Bisexuality and the Queer Community. - Most of my experiences with bi-phobia have been from the lesbian & gay communities. - Oppression Exists Within BLGT Movement As Well.- The gay community would do well to change their 'Bi-phobic' attitudes N/A. - Bisexuals Given Message to LIE iin Sidney N/A. - Must Bisexuals Lie? - BI-ntroduction: Epistemologies of the Fence. - Inescapable Essentialism: Bisexually-Identified Women's Strategies in the Late 80s and Early 90s. - In-Between. - Is Bisexuality "The Wave Of The Future?" - Discourses Of Bisexuality In Finnish Newspapers and Magazines.
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Bisexuals face oppression from both sides of coin New community strugggles to establish cohesive coalition 30 years after beginning of gay rights' movement. - Bisexuality and Youth - A document prepared by Project 10 of Montreal to examine issues related to counselling and bisexuality N/A (Access for a PDF Download). - Beyond Equality. - Redefining Bi Politics.

Kurt Cobain's suicide note. Cobain self-identified as bisexual and, during adolescence, he would write "God is Gay!" on parked cars.  (The Dark Side of Kurt Cobain). Pfaff, the female bassist in Cobain's wife (Courtney Love's) rock group, Hole, also committed suicide. She  identified as bisexual and they both had been an intimate part of a human collective which strongly denied that bisexuality existed. Both were therefore constantly reminded that they "should not exist," and Courtney Love was in the category of. vehemently denying that bisexuality existed. (Cobain-Related Information) - The Suicide of Kurt Cobain: Bi, Biphobia & The Binary. (Alternate Link).

Bisexuals Excluded From Mardi Gras: Sidney, Australia, 1999 (Many related articles). - Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras Forces Bisexuals Back Into the Closet.


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Everyone Bisexual?

Sexual Intelligence by Marty Klein: "We could simply call everyone "bisexual," but once the term applies to everyone, it loses its value." - Bisexuality Myths & Misconceptions: "I question saying “Everyone is bisexual” or “Nobody is bisexual.” Both deny some people’s experience & make “bisexual” a meaningless distinction." - Why am I writing this book? N/A "I now believe that being bisexual is natural, and I will go further and say that I believe bisexually is the human norm! I do not believe everyone is bisexual, yet, I have no doubt the majority of men are. There are definitely a wide range of feelings, beliefs and behaviors, many of which people do not call or will not admit being bisexual. I understand there are those who are totally straight and those who are totally gay." - Tous bi or not tous bi? - Robert Downey Jr. N/A: ""It also helps that everybody is bisexual by nature. It's the part of us that allows us to have close friendships with people of the same sex without necessarily having or wanting to have sex with them." - Down & Out in Beverly Hills. - Are all women a little bit bi? A new documentary looks at the complicated nature of female sexuality (2008). Aren't We All a Little Bisexual?”: The Recognition of Bisexuality in an Unlikely Place (2011): Abstract: ...Interviewing 60 male soccer players from three strategically selected U.S. universities, the authors show that these athletes accept bisexuality as a legitimate and nonstigmatized sexual identity. The authors find that the athletes intellectualize an understanding of bisexuality in highly complex ways. The authors also highlight that though only a very small minority have engaged in same-sex sexual behaviors, at some level, most players recognize some degree of bisexuality in their own identities. The authors suggest that these results are a product of increased exposure to and contact with homosexual persons, leading to decreasing cultural homohysteria, finally resulting in increasingly open discussion and complex understanding of sexual behaviors and identities that were once erased or stigmatized in men's team sport culture.

 
Military Male Rape and the Development of Male Homophobia in Judaeo-Christian Culture (2007): Before Judaeo-Christian culture achieved global dominance, many other historic cultures adapted male bisexuality to enhance social relations. By contrast, Judaeo-Christian culture has disapproved of male homosexuality and insists that heterosexuality is the only acceptable male identity. Therefore, Judaeo-Christian culture's disapproval deviates from the historic cross-cultural norm that accepts bisexuality. Why the deviance? A review of history reveals how the defeat and rape of Judaeo-Christian culture's military men by its enemies induced homophobia, a cultural disorder. Homophobia impairs the development of normal bisexuality by pressuring the culture's males to adopt heterosexual or homosexual identities.

Sinead: "Everyone is Bisexual N/A" She reveals, "I'm not a lesbian. I'm bisexual. I believe everyone is bisexual, there's no such thing as gay or straight." -  Were here, we're... uh... straight? "I'm not one of those obnoxious people who go around saying, "Everyone's bisexual," either. I think most people are actually mostly heterosexual, and some portion of the population is exclusively so. I also think a significant percentage of people are mostly homosexual and a portion of them exclusively so. It's the mostly that interests me, because within that lies the possibility of surprise and change and something not at all like conversion." - New Haven Advocate: Both Ends Against the Middle: How gays and straights make bisexuals invisible.(Interview with Kenji Yoshino, author of 2000 paper "The epistemic contract of bisexual erasure." Stanford Law Review 53(2), 353-461: "Some people have this really utopian vision of bisexuality: Twenty years from now, we're all just going to wake up and realize that we're all bisexual." (Related Comments) - I believe we’re ALL inherently bisexual. Yes, you. Yes, me (2001). - Everyone-Is-Bisexual Yahoo Group. - Everyone is bisexual in a way. - Sexual Partner Preference in Female Japanese Macaques: "Whether animals ever exhibit a preference for same-sex sexual partners is a subject of debate... Thus, in some populations of Japanese macaques, females prefer certain same-sex sexual partners relative to certain male mates, and vice versa. Taken together, this evidence suggests that female Japanese macaques are best characterized as bisexual in orientation, not preferentially homosexual or preferentially heterosexual."

Press the right buttons: "But Tim, Jackie, Bob and the others still describe themselves as gay - though Tim thinks he may have been "a lazy heterosexual". Not one of them, interestingly, will go near the B-word. And typically, even that old fraud David Bowie, who had a whole generation parroting "Everyone's bisexual!", has recently been banging on about what an effort it was to fancy men for all those years. When did bisexuality stop being the belle of the ball and become the love that dare not speak its name? Since we realised that, with a few honourable exceptions, those who rally under its banner tend to be more than usually dim, dull and desperate." - Where to start? So many good things to choose from this month: "Vice Versa goes on provoking discussion - it's amazing how many column inches some good PR and a book on a trendy topic will get you. Over in London's Time Out, Sophia Chauchard-Stuart uses it as the starting point for a deft dissection of why Garber's "everyone's bisexual really" line is proving such a big hit..." - Marjorie Garber on Bisexuality. - Could you be bisexual? Like blogs and iPods once were, this is the new buzz today. Everybody is saying that everyone else is ‘bi’. Nilanjana Sengupta on whether it is possible for us to be so inclined (2006).

Vice Versa: bisexuality and the eroticism of everyday life - 1995 - by Marjore Garber: "This is a five hundred page tome that ploughs through a bisexual history of the western world: Stephen Spender, D.H.Lawrence, Frieda Kahlo, Virginia Woolf .... The list is virtually endless, and all your favourite bisexals turn up somewhere. Indeed, almost everyone turns up somewhere, which is Garber's problem. She knows enough about politics to know that identities are self-chosen, and that you shouldn't go around telling people that they are bisexual. But on the other hand, her devotion to Freud's notion of an original bisexuality is so complete that she can't help implying at every turn that everyone is bisexual, really. (Which is presumably why she has been so well received by the bi comunity in the USA, and is likely to get the same reception here). Much as she strenuously avoids saying it, it's hard to tell what other conclusion she is reaching." - Do you see yourself bisexual or just sexual? If you want my personal opinion, I think that everyone is bisexual. Some people act on it, some don't.

Anti-Gay, edited by Mark Simpson (1996): reviewed by Terry Sanderson. "The anti-gay movement, for those who don't know, is a collection of people who are homosexual (or who at least have homosexual sex), and claim to be sickened by the way the "gay community" has evolved. They think that we have contrived to create a lifestyle for ourselves that is devoid of spontaneity, and that in order to be considered "gay" you have to conform not only in dress and hairstyle, but in thinking too. Any criticism of the gay "lifestyle", however justified, say the leaders of this movement, is now immediately, and unthinkingly, branded homophobic... This is another failing of the book: at one point it propounds the old idea that everyone is bisexual and that it is damaging to define ourselves as homosexual and heterosexual. There's no such thing as gay, according to the great minds that have contributed to this volume, it's all just a delusion. Well, pardon me for dissenting, but I am definitely gay. Or homosexual. Or six on the Kinsey scale. I don't have a heterosexual or bisexual cell in my body, and I'm not just saying that. Believe me, I know. I've tried..."

Intelligent and well worth reading (Re: Gore Vidal: Sexually Speaking: Collected Sex Writings by Gore Vidal): "Another reservation is that it is time that Vidal stop insisting that everyone is bisexual and that exclusive homosexuality does not exist when he himself has been exclusively homosexual for several generations. Rather than admit that he was wrong about this proclamation which he made back in the sixties, Vidal plows ahead, sounding more and more absurd each time he says it. Vidal's viewpoint on sexuality is pragmatic and free of guilt and superstition. He is very much in line with the rationalist/utilitarian school of Western philosophy." - Growing up in a world where male homomosexuality is the rule, not the exception. - Could you be bisexual? Like blogs and iPods once were, this is the new buzz today. Everybody is saying that everyone else is ‘bi’. Nilanjana Sengupta on whether it is possible for us to be so inclined.

John Forbes Nash Jr.: 'Beautiful Mind' lies about homosexuality. - A Beautiful Mind. - Man behind 'Beautiful Mind' denies rumors of homosexuality, anti-Semitism N/A. - An example of "bisexual" erasure - as in "bisexual" being made into "gay": "A Beautiful mind". - Appendix B of the Gay Tantra book rough draft N/A: "In effect what I am saying is that everyone is homosexual (and heterosexual) to some degree, but our language and social conditioning prevent us from acknowledging this fact even to ourselves. It could be so complicated. From a Tantric spiritual perspective it makes sense that we are models of the Divine which contains all potentials and all sexualities."

Kurt Cobain - "All Apologies": "Everyone is gay". - Eminem: "I think many people fail to see the point that Eminem really isn't all that offensive and controversial, just as offensive and controversial as a mainstream act can get. All I see in him is wasted potential, a solid rapper with good flow who wastes it writing songs about how important he is, how everybody is gay, and how controversial he is. - Sir Ian McKellen: "Well, I tend to think everybody IS gay, but straights tend to think everybody is probably straight, and the truth is somewhere in between I expect."

Ain't Misbehavin'?: Sex and the Dumaguete College Student: "Alfay Vintola is the same. He carefully avoids the trappings of being perceived a bisexual by looking and acting very much a heterosexual. In the July 17, 1995 issue of Newsweek, John Leland calls bisexuality as the “wild card of our erotic life.” The concept of having it both ways is strange and new to many; intellectuals however have acknowledged it for many years now. In retrospect of his short story The City and the Pillar, novelist Gore Vidal claims “everybody is bisexual.” Sigmund Freud theorized that we are really all bisexual, even pointing out that exclusive heterosexuality was a problem. “What I like is the [appreciation of my own] maleness itself,” Alfay says. He silently protests that his being bisexual does not arise from any desire to become another gender. As one bisexual puts it: “I don’t desire a gender. I desire a person.”

Bisexual Males? How many of these? ...: Public Communication by the APA: New Study Links Homophobia with Homosexual Arousal. - It has long been held that, deep down, homophobes are really self-hating homosexuals. Now comes evidence to support that notion. - Penile Turgidity and Homosexuality: The Long and Short of it. - Outside the BOX: Bisexuals confuse a society obsessed with categorizing people: "And, though there are those, such as Gore Vidal and Sigmund Freud, who believe that everyone is bisexual to some extent, many others dismiss bisexuality and bisexual relationships..."

Some are born Bisexual, some achieve Bisexuality, and some have Bisexuality thrust upon them... - Bisexual: "Many gays believe sexual orientation is defined at birth. Conservative Christian groups that want to help gays "return" to heterosexuality, insist it's a choice. They're both wrong." - Activist explores bisexual voices, bisexual history.

Hypertext and Queer Theory: "My understanding of hypertext recently got a jolt from a situation which developed far from my computer screen. Outside my office door, which is located in a busy and heavily travelled hallway, I posted a sign with the contradictory slogans "Everyone is Bisexual" and "There is no such thing as bisexuality." I knew this was a provocative act, but it's one that's completely in character since I think of the teacher as the agent provocateur...

The Earth Is not Flat? Most Men Say  they are 100% heterosexual? What Is  "The Heterosexuality"  These Men Claim To Have? Was "IT" Learned? Could they be bisexual or maybe...? How big is the male homosexual/bisexual closet? - Feminism means choice: against `politically correct' sex. - What do women really want?.....another woman?!

Evolutionary biology: Genetics and bisexuality: "A population-genetic model indicates that if there is a gene responsible for homosexual behaviour it can readily spread in populations. The model also predicts widespread bisexuality in humans."

The Social Construction of Male Homosexuality and Related Suicide Problems (Alternate Link): Sexual Orientation: Binaries and Definition Problems (Alternate Link). Male Homosexuality: From Common to a Rarity (Alternate Link). - Lesbianism and Female Bisexuality in Ancient Literature- Cultural Construction(s) of Same Sex Sexual Relations (PDF Download) N/A. - Allies in Exile: Deviant Groups and Social Stigma.

Bershtein, Evgenii (2011). The notion of universal bisexuality in Russian religious philosophy. In: Risto Alapuro, Arto Mustajoki, Pekka Pesonen (Eds), Understanding Russianness. PDF Download. Homosexuality and bisexuality have been a sensational and hotly discussed topic in the post-Soviet media. The tenor of these discussions proves that despite its decriminalization in 1993, homosexuality has remained a controversial and problematic issue for the Russian public. Addressing this topic, contemporary Russian policy-makers, journalists, writers, and scholars !nd themselves having to consider religious taboos, scienti!c explanations, philosophical interpretations, and moral judgements attached to same-sex love. Moreover, the debate that is taking place today is shaped and informed not only (and not so much) by the social and political vocabulary produced by the gay movement in the West, but also by the interpretations developed around the notion of homosexuality in Russia in the early twentieth century. At that time, important religious thinkers, such as Vasily Rozanov, Pavel Florensky, Nikolay Berdyayev, and Sergey Bulgakov, examined the spiritual meaning of same-sex love.

Commentaries: "i was having one of those late night conversations with my daughter and her friends, and their opinion is that pretty much everyone is bisexual, just some are more repressed than others. other than the one who's 20 and has never even kissed anyone, all the non-virgins (these are girls i'm talking to here) had been with women as well as men, and would do it again. they don't feel confined by having to look for "the right man"." - Partly Gay? For Some Teen Girls, Sexual Preference Is A Shifting Concept N/A (Washington Post Feature article): " Social scientists say that 5 percent to 7 percent of young people are gay or lesbian, and that teenagers are starting at younger ages to have same-sex sexual experiences: 13 for boys, 15 for girls. But those figures don't begin to tell the full story about today's girls because girls, more often than boys, experiment with their sexuality and resist being placed in any particular group."

Sophie B. Hawkins: "I've always been aware that women love women and men love men and should be able to do so as openly, deeply and practically as heterosexual relationships are expected to be expressed. My mother didn't hide her love affairs with women, and my father always said, "Everyone is bisexual," so I didn't feel bad about my crushes on men and women, ever..."

Jordan: "I’m pretty lucky. Both my parents are ministers and I always grew up with the Kinsey model – that everyone falls somewhere on a scale of 1 to 6, 1 being totally heterosexual and 6 being totally homosexual. I was always taught that everyone’s bisexual, it’s just a matter of degree. For me, there was never a coming out. My family always assumed I was bi, that I’d either bring home Bob or Barbara."

True Nature: A Theory of Human Sexual Evolution. Part 1: "A historical review of homosexuality in diverse cultures reveals that significantly many cultures have existed where (male) bisexuality has been rather universal and that all cultures have condemned exclusive homosexuality, either legally or with the threat of social rejection. Neither of these facts can be rationalized using the ballpark ‘10%’ statistic for homosexuality believed to be representative of human beings..." - True Nature: A Theory of Human Sexual Evolution. Parts 2–4. - People in a World Between: Psychodynamic Themes in the Treatment of Bisexual Patients: Culture and Psychoanalytic Theory: "Normal sexual behavior is on a continuum—with homosexuality at one end, heterosexuality at the other, and bisexuality at the midpoint. Most people have some bisexual potential."

Are Human Beings "By Nature" Bisexual? "In this paper, I first survey the ways in which bisexuality was understood by late 19 th-century sexologists, by Freud and his followers, by Alfred Kinsey, and by contemporary social scientists and political activists."


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Writings on Bisexuality

Queer politics and bisexuality: "The topic considers the politics of bisexuality in some detail as an example of one of the ‘alternative sexualities’ that are seen as central to queer politics... Queer also symbolised a separation of a new generation of gay men and lesbians from an older generation who had become coopted, according to queer activists, by the straight world and were no longer sufficiently revolutionary... Queer politics and queer theory have been criticised by socialist gay academics and activists.." - Angie Bowie's Lecture on Bisexuality. - Queer Wars: " In a ghetto far, far away...  It is a period of civil elections. Rebel tickets, striking with a revolutionary platform, have won their first victory against the evil GayActing Empire. During the lead up to the election, rebel bi's managed to publish letters to the editor of the ghetto's ultimate weapon, the DEATH STAR OBSERVER, a weekly publication with enough power to destroy an entire board." - Bisexuality and beyond

Bisexuality: A Contemporary Paradox for Women. by Paula C. Rodriguez Rust (Journal of Social Issues, Summer 2000): "The cultural construction of "lesbian" and "heterosexual" women in late-nineteenth-century European cultures created both the possibility of conceiving the "bisexual" woman and the belief that bisexuality cannot exist. Social scientists have suggested several alternatives to dichotomous constructions of sexuality to facilitate the conceptualization of and therefore empirical research on, bisexuality." - Fluidity and relating: Accounting for relating practices and sexual identity in a bisexuality discussion group (PDF Download). - Beyond Gay or Straight: Increasing our Choices About Sexual Identity. - Outside the BOX: Bisexuals confuse a society obsessed with categorizing people.

Identity/politics; Conceptualizing Bisexuality - A University Course and Related Resources. - Writings on bisexuality and writings from soc.bi. - Bisexuality, Queer Theory and Mary Dorcey's Biography of Desire: An Outlaw Reading. (Alternate Link) - Afterbite: Is Bisexuality So Radical? - Bisexuality Politicised: Radical Bisexuality and the Politics of Choice. - A New Hybridity? Bisexuality, Queer Theory, and Mary Dorcey's Biography of Desire.

Coming Clean About Bisexuality: A male perspective by Garrett Jones. - Unresolved Issues In The Psychoanalytic Theory of Homosexuality and Bisexuality. - A Feminist Methodology of the Personal: Bisexual Experience and Feminist Post-structuralist Epistemology. - Traditional, indigenous, non-western, pre-colonial sexuality and gender and what happens to them in the European imperialist period and the modern and post-modern setting? - Postmodern Chaos...The Frightening Spectre of Bisexuality: "Why is bisexuality suddenly the in thing on campus? Actually, it doesn't end there...."

Fluidity and relating: Accounting for relating practices and sexual identity in a bisexuality discussion group (PDF Download): "This exploratory study investigates the social process of accounting in a bisexuality discussion group meeting, paying special attention to how dominant ideological forces of heterosexism and monosexism enable and constrain various assumptions about bisexuality and how bisexual relaters account for the legitimacy of bisexuality and/or disguise their sexuality in their everyday interactions."

Glazer EM (2010, 2012). Sexual Reorientation. Hofstra Univ. Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-30. Georgetown Law Journal, 2012. PDF Download. There has been a recent shift in the political and legal treatment of bisexuals. Since Ruth Colker, Naomi Mezey, and Kenji Yoshino began writing about the phenomenon of bisexual erasure and the resulting invisibility of the bisexual from sexual orientation law and the LGBT rights movement, something strange has happened. Bisexuality is suddenly hypervisible. And not just on Glee or in The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo. Or even in the 2010 national sex survey reporting that of 7% of the population identifying as non-heterosexual, 40% of the men and a large majority of the women surveyed identified as bisexual. Bisexuality is now also hypervisible in the law. Recent cases have arisen where plaintiffs have alleged discrimination on the basis of their bisexual orientations and where plaintiffs have been required to prove that they are “gay enough” to merit protection from discrimination. Yet despite this hypervisibility, the law has failed to address the harms that bisexuals face. The problem stems from the law’s current definition of “sexual orientation,” which provides the basis for an actionable discrimination claim. This definition includes only extreme orientations like homosexuality and heterosexuality, but for all practical purposes excludes bisexuality. This Article offers an alternative definition by introducing the distinction between an individual’s General Orientation and Specific Orientation. An individual’s General Orientation is the sex toward which the individual is attracted the majority of the time. An individual’s Specific Orientation is the sex of the individual’s desired or actual partner(s). While for many the two orientations are identical, for bisexuals the two orientations often differ. If adopted, this alternative definition would reorient the concept of sexual orientation under the law. It would offer to the LGBT rights movement, to legislatures, and to courts the opportunity to protect against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation as it is actually lived, rather than on the basis of sexual orientation as the law has until now imagined it to be. It could also offer to antidiscrimination law a model for the protection of living identities, with respect to sexual orientation but also with respect to other identity categories...

Adriaens, Pieter R (2007+). Eros’ ambiguity An philosophical history of male love (Full Text)... Conclusion: In this chapter, I attempted to bring Mary Douglas’ analysis of ambiguity to bear to the history of male love. Douglas’ analysis revealed that whatever does not harmonize with our cherished symbolic structures is doomed to be avoided, minimalized, ignored, or eliminated. Male love proved to be no exception to this rule. Before 1700, bisexuals definitely outnumbered “heterosexuals”. Today, they still outnumber “homosexuals”, and yet they continue to be ignored as a sexual population. In their turn, effeminate homosexuals have been avoided, branded, persecuted and even killed, even though they do hold an important symbolic position in many contemporary societies. Indeed: their ambiguity in fact allows them to act as a symbolic dividing line between man and woman, especially in cultures wherein the differences between both sexes increasingly fade away. Publications

A Queer Geography - 1996 - by Frank Browning (Review: A Queer Co-Optation: Looking for Identity in All the Wrong Places "We knew, always should have known, that there were many times more bisexuals than homosexuals." A Queer Geography: Journeys Toward a Sexual Self N/A: "Actually, Browning doesn't doubt that homosexuals - people attracted to others of the same sex - exist; in fact, he doesn't really doubt that gay people exist. He does question, though, how 'gay' is created."

Robyn Ochs: Bisexual speaker, workshop leader, teacher, writer, and activist. Writings - Papers. book chapters.

Bisexual Men in Culture and Society (Journal of Bisexuality, 2-1): PDF Download of Abstracts. - Bisexuality as a Concept in Finland among Young Bisexuals. - Bisexuality vs. Psychology. - Bisexuality and Psychology. - Bisexuality and Theology.

Famous bisexuals. - Famous Bisexual Females with links to related information. -  Commentary on famous 'gay' individuals in history and other "bi" issues. - Bisexuality in Movies, Television and Music. - Bisexuality and Celebrity. - Maybe, Maybe Not-Today's Filmmakers Reject Bisexual Label.

Professional Resources

Adolescent Sexuality, Gender and the HIV Epidemic: "While male-to-male sex exists in every culture, the activities concerned are rarely understood as "homosexual" still less as "gay" (McKenna, 1996). More likely than not, they will not be widely talked about, or named only within local vernaculars often inaccessible to outsiders (Aggleton, Khan and Parker, 1998). That said, in many countries of the world a not insubstantial number of young men have their first sexual experience with other men, and for some this may be the beginning of a longer lasting bisexual behavioural repertoire. For example, 50 per cent of male university students recently interviewed in Sri Lanka reported that their first sexual experience had been with another man (Silva et al, 1997), and there are well documented studies of behavioural bisexuality among men in countries as diverse as the Philippines (Tan, 1996), India (Khan, 1996), Morocco (Bourshaba et al, 1998), Brazil (Parker, 1996), the Dominican Republic (de Moya and Garcia, 1996) and Peru (Cáceres, 1998). While it would be quite wrong to see male bisexuality as a purely "adolescent" phenomenon or triggered by men's lack of access to women, the restrictions many cultures place on socialisation between the sexes may have an important role to play in facilitating this alternative means of sexual expression." - STDs Among Sexually Active Female College Students: Does Sexual Orientation Make a Difference?  (2008). - Among Sexually Experienced Male Adolescents, Those With Partners of Both Sexes Exhibit Riskiest Behavior (2002).

IU bisexuality studies focus on health, behavior and identity (2012): Bisexuality, often stigmatized, typically has been lumped with homosexuality in previous public health research. But when Indiana University scientists recently focused on the health issues and behaviors specific to behaviorally bisexual men and women, they found tremendous variety, and that commonly used labels, such as heterosexual and homosexual, can sometimes do more harm than good... Bisexual, gay, lesbian, queer, men who have sex with men (MSM), women who have sex with women (WSW) -- these are just some of the terms commonly used to characterize sexual partnering and attraction in recent research. Behavioral science researchers have long known that socially constructed sexual identity "labels" (like "gay") are often not always reflective of the diversity and complexity of an individual's sexual behaviors. A study led by Vanessa Schick, assistant research scientist at the Center for Sexual Health Promotion at IU Bloomington, found that how women relate to their label could influence their health... Brian Dodge, associate professor in the School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation and associate director of the Center for Sexual Health Promotion, found in his study on sexual health among bisexual men that factors associated with biphobia contributed to feelings of isolation and social stress reported by many of his study participants. Dodge's qualitative study, which is funded by the National Institutes of Health, is based on in-depth interviews with 75 bisexual men from the Indianapolis area, ages 19 to 70, equally divided among Latino participants, non-Latino black participants and non-Latino white participants.

Kaestle CE, Ivory AH (2012). A Forgotten Sexuality: Content Analysis of Bisexuality in the Medical Literature over Two Decades. Journal of Bisexuality, 12(1): 35-48. Abstract. Full Text. The authors conducted a content analysis of articles listed in PubMed on bisexual health (N = 348). Methodological approaches favored cross-sectional surveys. Fewer than 20% of the articles analyzed data for bisexuals separately; most combined their data with homosexual participants. Most articles used convenience samples with poor representation of women, socioeconomic status and minorities. One fifth of the articles framed bisexuals as an infection bridge, whereas about one sixth framed bisexuality as a legitimate identity. More than 90% of the bisexuality medical research was atheoretical. To address health inequities, further study is required on the needs of this forgotten minority group.

Kirsten McLean is a Lecturer in Sociology in the School of Political and Social Inquiry, Monash University: "Where am I? Bisexual Invisibility in the Classroom", Redress, September 2000. "Too Hard for The 'Too Hard Basket'?: Bisexuality, Young People and Schooling", forthcoming article in Maria Pallotta-Chiarolli (ed) Coming Out of the Too Hard Basket, Sydney, Finch Publishing, 2002. "Living Life in the Double Closet: Young Bisexual Speak Out," Hecate, Vol 27, No 1, August 2001: "We develop our bisexual identities within a context in which the homosexual/ heterosexual dichotomy is institutionalised and enforced socially, politically and linguistically... The pervasiveness of the heterosexual/homosexual binary, and the lack of understanding about the meaning of bisexuality, creates intense pressure on bisexual people to refrain from public admission of their bisexuality, or mask their true identity by referring to themselves as gay, lesbian or heterosexual...For this study, 22 young bisexual people living in and around the Melbourne metropolitan area were interviewed. Their ages ranged from 18 to 25, and 14 were female, and 8 were male... Part of the reason young bisexual people believed such secrecy and hiding was necessary was the perception that if they did reveal themselves as bisexual, they would be discriminated against. This discrimination, however, was seen to come also from the gay and lesbian community, in which many of those interviewed spent considerable time."

Working With the Bisexual Client: How Far Have We Progressed? by B. Grant Hayes (Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education & Development, 40(1): 11-20, 2001: Eric Reference). "After spending years of attempting to deny their same-sex thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, bisexual individuals find self-acceptance a very difficult process (Myers, 1991). If and when this self-acceptance is achieved, acceptance from others is often difficult to realize. The individual may feel exposed and humiliated if family, friends, and coworkers know their orientation. Because of what sociologists call "marginality," bisexual individuals have no group to which they clearly belong (Matteson, 1996). As noted earlier, bisexual individuals receive negative feedback from both homosexual and heterosexual communities... What skills are helpful when working with bisexual clients? ... Individuals will often seek the assistance of a counselor in facing these aforementioned situations. Because the current literature and counselor training programs provide scarce data, counselors must diligently search for reliable information and intervention strategies."  [This paper is a part of a special issue on GLBT issues. Listing of all paper given.] - Resources for counselors working with bi clients.- Guidelines For Working With Bisexual Students On Campus.

Bisexuality and Transgenderism: Intersexions of the Others - 2004 - edited by Jonathan Alexander and  Karen Yescavage (Also published as the Journal of Bisexuality, 3(3/4), Haworth Press: Journal Reference - Abstract / Contents: Soon to become available.) (Google Books). - Some papers: Bisexuality and Transgenderism: InterSEXions of the Others. GL vs. BT: The Archaeology of Biphobia and Transphobia Within the U.S. Gay and Lesbian Community. - Pomosexual Play: Going Beyond the Binaristic Limits of Gender? - Bisexual and Transgender Identities in a Nonclinical Sample of North Americans: Suicidal Intent, Behavioral Difficulties, and Mental Health Treatment. - Looking Toward the InterSEXions: Examining Bisexual and Transgender Identity Formation from a Dialectical Theoretical Perspective. - Butch-Femme Interrupted: Angelina Jolie, Bisexuality and the New Butch Femme. - Living More "Like Oneself": Transgender Identities and Sexualities in Japan. - Walking Through Walls: An Immodest Proposal for Transcending Sexual Orientation. - We Are All Others: An Argument for Queer...

Sardá, Alejandra (1998). Bisexualidad, ¿un disfraz de la homofobia internalizada? Trabajo presentado en el I Encuentro Argentino de Psicoerapeutas Gays, Lesbianas y Bisexuales, organizado por el Grupo Nexo y realizado en Buenos Aires, en septiembre de 1998.  Full Text. Translation.  El título de este trabajo apunta directamente a uno de los prejuicios más prevalecientes tanto en la población en general como en las/os profesionales de la salud. Ante la "confesión " de bisexualidad, la mayoría de las personas asumen que se trata de alguien que no se atreve a vivir sus impulsos homosexuales o que busca presentarlos de una manera más socialmente aceptable. En la primera parte de este trabajo, analizaremos los supuestos que configuran el modelo imperante de sexualidad y que inciden en esa concepción de la bisexualidad. En la segunda parte, nos abocaremos a las consecuencias prácticas que las diversas percepciones de la bisexualidad pueden tener en la clínica, particularmente cuando se trata de terapeutas gays o lesbianas. El marco referencial de este trabajo, así como nuestra práctica, se funda sobre todo en el feminismo aplicado al ámbito de la salud mental, así como en algunos elementos de la Gestalt.

Current Research on Bisexuality (Haworth Press: Reference, Barnes & Noble Reference, Amazon.com Reference) - 2004 - edited by Jonathan Alexander (Also published as the Journal of Bisexuality, 3(1/2), Haworth Press: Book Reference - Abstract / Contents). - Some papers: - The Bisexual Experience: Living in a Dichotomous Culture. - Bisexuality Among Self-Indentified Heterosexual College Students: "For women college students, the rate of bisexuality was fairly consistent across both studies and the three geographic regions sampled with approximately 30% reporting same-sex feelings. The findings for heterosexually identified college women suggest considerable sexual variability exists for this population, thus challenging predominant constructs and measurements of sexual orientation." - The Intersection of Race and Bisexuality: A Critical Overview of the Literature and Past, Present, and Future Directions of the ”Borderlands” "However, the research on sexual orientation has been predominantly focused on gays and lesbians from an overwhelmingly White, middle-class population...Sexual identity research on ethnic minorities has outlined how a person of color establishes a dual identity as a sexual minority and as a person of color. However, surprisingly little research has investigated the influences of ethnicity on sexual identity development. - Mental Health Services Experiences of Bisexual Women and Bisexual Men: An Empirical Study: "Overall, participants urged providers to validate bisexuality as legitimate and healthy, to be accurately informed about bisexual issues, and to intervene proactively with bisexual clients."...

Herek GM, Norton AT, Allen TJ, Sims CL (2010). Demographic, Psychological, and Social Characteristics of Self-Identified Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adults in a US Probability Sample. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 7(3):176-200. Abstract PDF Download... Discussion: To begin, the composition of the sample is noteworthy. With design weights applied to account for aspects of the sampling procedures that might have affected respondents’ likelihood of inclusion in the KN panel, fully half of the participants identified as bisexual, indicating that bisexuals constitute a substantial portion of the self-identified sexual-minority population. In addition, gay men outnumbered lesbians at a ratio of approximately 2.4:1. This finding is consistent with data from other national probability samples (Black et al. 2000; Laumann et al. 1994) and suggests that self-identified gay men may outnumber self-identified lesbians in the US adult population. Among self-identified bisexuals, by contrast, the weighted proportions of women and men did not differ significantly. Within genders, the weighted sample included more gay than bisexual men and more bisexual women than lesbians, but the difference was reliable only among the women respondents. Of course, any inferences from these patterns about the composition of the sexual-minority population must be considered tentative until more data are obtained from other probability samples. 

Barker M, et al. (2012). The Bisexuality Report: Bisexual inclusion in LGBT equality and diversity. Centre for Citizenship, Identities and Governance and Faculty of Health and Social Care, the Open University. PDF Download. This report aims to inform UK policy and practice on lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) equality in relation to the inclusion of bisexuality and issues specific to bisexual people. Therefore it is aimed particularly at national and local government, at practitioners and policymakers, and at LGB and LGBT groups and organisations. Policy and practice in this area generally considers LGB and/or LGBT issues together1. While there are undoubtedly shared experiences and needs across the LGBT spectrum, there are also significant differences. Thinking about bisexuality only within the umbrella group ‘LGBT’ fails to acknowledge that there may be issues specific to bisexuality and to being bisexual that require separating out from issues affecting lesbian and gay people. There are similar issues regarding trans which are currently being addressed through government engagement with UK trans communities and experts2, leading towards the first ever Government transgender equality action plan. No such initiatives are in place in relation to bisexual equality...

Bisexuality Research Today Archives: Bisexuality Research Today is a free monthly online journal that collates and summarizes the latest research about Bisexuality, including details on male and female, statistics, trends, psychology. - The Bisexual Art Project (2009). -Browne K, Lim J, in consultation with: Count Me In Too Bi Analysis Group (2008). Bi People: Additional Findings Report - Count Me In Too: LGBT Lives in Brighton & Hove. University of Brighton. PDF Download: This report addresses the lives and experiences of bisexual people in Brighton & Hove because bisexual people are consistently one of the groups of LGBT people who are most vulnerable to marginalisation and exclusion on a number of measures, notably relating to health and wellbeing (including mental health), discrimination, prejudice and abuse, housing, safety, and the use of services. 47 respondents self-identified as bisexual. Bisexual identities are complex and heterogeneous. Some bisexual respondents identify themselves in terms of those they find sexually attractive, while current sexual relationships also figure in respondents’ accounts of their identities..."

Robinson, Margaret (2011). Polyamory and Monogamy as Strategic Identities. Paper presented at the 2011 APA Convention. PDF Download. The emerging concept of relational orientations makes shifts in sexual identity difficult to accommodate and may mask women’s actual sexual practice. Drawing on a qualitative study of 40 bisexual women in Toronto, this paper argues that polyamory and monogamy are strategies by which bisexual women explore their sexuality, rather than cohesive identities or behavioural orientations. Nearly a quarter of the monogamous-identified women reported having previously identified as polyamorous. Among total participants, 12.5% reported shifting between monogamy and polyamory more than once. These shifts enable women to manage and negotiate their visibility as bisexuals. There was a significant disjoint between self-identity and sexual behaviour. The majority of the polyamorous women were not dating multiple partners at the time of the interview, while over a quarter of the monogamous women reported having threesomes in their current relationship. Viewing monogamy and polyamory as strategic identities can help health care practitioners more accurately assess their clients’ needs and risks, within a social determinants of mental health framework.

Crehan, Brett M (2011). Hypersexual of [sic] psychopathology? : an examination of what it means to be bisexual : an honors thesis. Undergraduate senior honors disertation, Ball State University. PDF Download. Download Page. This paper examines the relationship between heterosexuals and bisexuals and their scores on hypersexual and psychopathology measures. Limited research has been done examining bisexuality, and the research that has been done is confounded by grouping bisexuals and homosexuals together, and inconsistencies in defining bisexuality (MacDonald, 1983). The present study examines sexual orientation by sexual behaviors, attractions, identity, fantasies, and an omnibus item. The study consisted of 863 college students. Half of the measures assessed hypersexuality and the other half-assessed psychopathologies. A series of multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) assessed the relationship between sexual orientation, hypersexuality, and psychopathologies. The present study found no differences between male heterosexuals and male bisexuals across any of the measures; however, differences were found between female heterosexuals and female bisexuals.

Mercer CH, Bailey JV, Johnson AM, Erens B, Wellings K, Fenton KA, Copas AJ (2007). Women who report having sex with women: British national probability data on prevalence, sexual behaviors, and health outcomes. American Journal of Public Health, 97(6): 1126-33. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.We used a British probability survey (n=6399 women, aged 16 to 44 years) conducted from 1999 to 2001 with face-to-face interviewing and computer-assisted self-interviewing... We found that 4.9% of the women reported same-sex partner(s) ever; 2.8% reported sex with women in the past 5 years (n=178); 85.0% of these women also reported male partner(s) in this time. Compared with women who reported sex exclusively with men, women who reported sex with women and men reported significantly greater male partner numbers, unsafe sex, smoking, alcohol consumption, and intravenous drug use and had an increased likelihood of induced abortion and sexually transmitted infection diagnoses (age-adjusted odds ratios=3.07 and 4.41, respectively).

Brewster, Melanie E (2008). Perceived Anti-Bisexual Prejudice Experiences of Bisexual Individuals: Scale Development and Evaluation. Master's Dissertation, University of Florida. PDF Download. Related Paper: Perceived experiences of anti-bisexual prejudice: Instrument development and evaluation (2010). This study described the development and psychometric evaluation of the Anti-Bisexual Experiences Scale (ABES), designed to assess bisexual persons’ perceived experiences of antibisexual prejudice. Items were developed based on prior literature, revised based on expert feedback, and submitted to psychometric evaluation. Exploratory factor analysis of data from 361 bisexual participants yielded 3 factors of perceived anti-bisexual experiences that reflected (a) being treated as if their sexual orientation was unstable or illegitimate, (b) being treated as sexually irresponsible, and (c) being treated with interpersonal hostility. This structure emerged with bisexual persons' reports of anti-bisexual experiences with heterosexual and lesbian and gay persons. Confirmatory factor analysis of data from a second sample of 366 bisexual persons supported the stability of this three factor structure. ABES subscales demonstrated good internal consistency reliability and discriminate validity. Consistent with tenets of the minority stress model, the data also linked ABES scores with anti-bisexual stigma consciousness and psychological symptomatology. Implications for research, practice, and social justice and policy efforts are discussed.

Toft, Alex (2011). Bisexual Christian identity: a sociological exploration of the life stories of female and male bisexual Christians. PhD. Dissertation, University of Nottingham. PDF Download. This research project is an investigation into the lives of bisexual men and women who are also Christian. It is a sociological exploration of their identity and the negotiations which they undertake against the backdrop of a religion that sees their sexuality as a choice and fails to fully grasp the complexity of bisexuality, and a society that does not understand their sexuality. Bisexual Christians are an under-researched group, yet researching such a group can speak to sociological understandings of identity, sexuality and religion...

Belmonte, Kimberly (2011). Lesbian and Bisexual Identity in Multiple Ecological Contexts. Master's Dissertation, Department of Psychology,  The State University of New York at New Paltz. PDF Download. Download Page. In this mixed methods study, 367 lesbian and 495 bisexual women completed self-report questionnaires that measured: 1) feelings about sexual orientation; 2) degree of openness; 3) quality of life; and 4) biculturalism. Analyses revealed that lesbian women fared better than bisexual women on all measures. A thematic analysis of open-ended questions identified emergent themes that centered on experiences of inclusion (e.g.,, acceptance) and exclusion (e.g., legalized homophobia). The discussion focuses on similarities and differences within and between groups.

Jordal, Christian Edward (2011). “Making it Work”: A Grounded Theory of How Mixed Orientation Married Couples Commit, Sexually Identify, and Gender Themselves. PhD Dissertation, Marriage and Family Therapy program, Faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. PDF Download. Download Page. Married bisexuals who come out to their heterosexual partners do not invariably divorce. This qualitative study included 14 intact, mixed orientation married couples. The mean marriage duration was 14.5 years, and the mean time since the bisexual spouse had come out was 7.9 years. The research focused the negotiation processes around three constructs: (a) sexual identity; (b) gender identity; and (c) marital commitment. Dyadic interviews were used to generate a grounded theory of the identity and commitment negotiation processes occurring among intact mixed orientation married couples. The findings revealed two sexual identity trajectories: Bisexuals who identify before marriage and reemerge within marriage; or bisexuals who do not identity before marriage but who emerge from within marriage. Two gender identity processes were reported: gender non-conformity and deliberate gender conformity. Finally, two negotiation processes around marital commitment were found: (a) closed marital commitment, and (b) open marital commitment. Closed marital commitment was defined as monogamous. Open marital commitment had four subtypes: (a) monogamous with the option to open; (b) open on one side (i.e., the bisexual spouse was or had the option to establish a tertiary relationship outside the marriage); (c) open on both sides or polyamorous; and (d) third-person inclusive (i.e.. couples had or were seeking a third person to bring into their marriage for both spouses). The implications for research and clinical practice were discussed.

Corboz J, Dowsett G, Mitchell A, Couch M, Agius P, Pitts M (2008, PDF). Feeling Queer and Blue: A Review of the Literature on Depression and Related Issues among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Other Homosexually Active People. A Report from the Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University. Prepared for beyondblue: The National Depression Initiative. There is a pervasive tendency in the literature to exclude bisexual people or to obscure them by collapsing bisexual samples into gay, lesbian or same-sex-attracted categories. The studies that did explore bisexual people separately from homosexual people consistently showed that bisexuals have higher rates of depression or depressive symptoms than heterosexual people and, further, in some cases are at the same or even higher risk of depression than homosexuals. In an important study that analysed data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health, McNair et al. (2005) found that in a cohort of women aged 22 to 27 years, bisexual women showed consistently poorer mental health outcomes than exclusively heterosexual, bisexual and exclusively/mainly homosexual women on almost all measures. Further, in a cohort of women aged 50 to 55, mainly heterosexual women had the poorest mental health outcomes on all measures when compared with women in any other group. In another Australian study conducted in Canberra, Jorm et al. (2002) sampled both men and women and found that the bisexual group had significantly higher depressive symptom scores than the homosexual group which, in turn, had significantly higher depressive symptoms scores than the heterosexual group (respectively: 3.93 vs. 2.93 vs. 2.62, p < .001). These results are strongly confirmed by the ARCSHS studies. For instance, in the Writing Themselves in Again study (Hillier et al. 2005), young bisexual people were significantly more likely than homosexual respondents to report dissatisfaction with both themselves (23.3 percent vs. 14.5 percent, z = 4.02, p < .001) and their lives (17.2 percent vs. 6.7 percent, z = 6.26, p < .001). Overall, the literature suggests that higher rates of depression in non-heterosexual people may be slightly inflated due to even higher rates of depressive symptoms in bisexuals.   

Bisexuality, Not Homosexuality: Counseling Issues and Treatment Approaches. by Janna L. Horowitz & Michael D. Newcomb (Journal of College Counseling, 2(2): 148-162, 1999). "The most obvious oppression experienced by bisexuals is characterized by the denial of the very existence of bisexual people... the specific role that the counselor can play in the lives of bisexual people has been largely neglected... There is a relative paucity of research on bisexual identity and counseling issues, as compared to notable research in the areas of homosexual identity and counseling issues... Books on gay and lesbian psychology often omit bisexuality completely, as if the bisexual population were invisible or had no relation to gay and lesbian concerns... There is a growing literature that describes bisexuality as a healthy and flexible sexual orientation (Bohan, 1996; Firestein, 1996; Klein, 1993; Rust, 1993). However, little is offered in the way of understanding bisexual identity formation. In a recent book, Psychology and Sexual Orientation (Bohan, 1996), the literature review on bisexual identity relied heavily on a model proposed by Weinberg, Williams, and Pryor (1994). Their bisexual identity model was developed from an extensive study conducted in the San Francisco area. These authors stated that "to our knowledge, no previous model of bisexual identity formation exists" (p. 27). Clearly, the area of bisexual identity formation is in its infancy. For this reason, the existing information on bisexual identity will be presented in some depth." (Janna L. Horowitz's review of "The Bisexual Option" - Alternate Link) - Health Needs of Bisexual and Transgender Communities (PDF Download). - Health Care Needs and Access Issues for Bisexual Women. - Theorizing the bisexual: bisexuality and the politics of invisibility. - Bisexuality awareness training. - The positioning of bisexuals and 'men who have sex with men' in sex, sexuality and sexual health research, 1990-2004.

Abstracts: - Beyond ‘MSM’: Sexual Desire among Bisexually-Active Latino Men in New York City. - Hiding in the closet? Bisexuals, coming out and the disclosure imperative.  - Bisexuality in the Mythology of Ancient India. - The Androgynous and Bisexuality in Ancient Legal Codes. - Bisexual Women, Non-Monogamy and Differentialist Anti-Promiscuity Discourses. - Lesbians and Bisexual Women in the Eyes of Scientific Psychology.  - The Fixity of Sexual Identities in the Public Sphere: Biomedical Knowledge, Liberalism and the Heterosexual/Homosexual Binary in Late Modernity.  - Sexology, the Homo/Hetero Binary, and the Complexities of Male Sexual History. - Risk Comparison Among Youth Who Report Sex With Same-Sex Versus Both-Sex Partners (2007). - What's in a Name? Bisexuality, Transnational Sexuality Studies and Western Colonial Legacies (2007). - Let's Read about (Bi)Sex: A Kinsey Bisexuality Reading/Viewing List (2008). - Inside, Outside, Nowhere: Bisexual Men and Women in the Gay and Lesbian Community (2008). - Speaking Out Loud About Bisexuality: Biphobia in the Gay and Lesbian Community (2008). - Kinsey, Bisexuality, and the Case Against Dualism (2008). - Affirmative Psychotherapy with Bisexual Transgender People (2006). - Historicising Contemporary Bisexuality (2009). - Bisexuality in Psychoanalytic Theory: Interpreting the Resistance (2009). - Between the Two: Bisexual Identity Among African Americans (2009).  - Perceived determinants of mental health for bisexual people: a qualitative examination (2010).

Abstracts: - You Don't Eat Indian and Chinese Food at the Same Meal: The Bisexual Quandary (2002). -  Queering Bisexuality (2002). - Black sexuality, social construction, and research targeting 'The Down Low' ('The DL'). - Bi-Negativity: The Stigma Facing Bisexual Men.  - Troubling the canon: bisexuality and queer theory. - Historicizing (bi)sexuality: a rejoinder for gay/lesbian studies, feminism, and queer theory. - Evolutionary biology: genetics and bisexuality. - Sexual behavior in high-functioning male adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder. - Sexual identity formation and AIDS prevention: an exploratory study of non-gay-identified Puerto Rican MSM from working class neighborhoods. - Exploring HIV prevention needs for nongay-identified black and African American men who have sex with men: a qualitative exploration. - Estimating the number of men who have sex with men in low and middle income countries. - An exploration of the down-low identity: nongay-identified young African-American men who have sex with men. - Focusing "down low": bisexual black men, HIV risk and heterosexual transmission. - Affirmative Psychotherapy with Bisexual Women (2006). - Mental Health Services Experiences of Bisexual Women and Bisexual Men: An Empirical Study (2004). - Dimensions of sexual orientation and the prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders in the United States (2010). - Ending at the Skin: Sexuality and Race in Feminist Theorizing (2010). - Old Gay Men’s Bodies and Masculinities (2010).

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (NGLTF) Policy Institute (PI) Bisexual Publication (PI Bi Pub): Introduction and key project documents - First drafts of the publication, October 2002 - Meeting & conference call minutes. - Contact information for the editors. Drafts of the publication: - Notes on Language N/A. - Bisexual History N/A. - Bisexual Theory – 2nd Draft N/A. - Bisexual Issues: Research N/A. - Arts and Bisexual Culture Evolving Outline N/A. - Bisexual Health N/A.- Summary of present and future of bisexual organizing N/A. - Bisexuality-Aware Professionals Directory Home Page. - Bisexuality: National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. - GLBTQ: Bisexuality

Jennifer's Resources: "Over the last few years I've been doing bisexuality awareness training for both lesbian/bisexual/gay phoneline/centre volunteers and (mostly straight) nurses. In the process of doing this I've designed some "beginners' guide to bisexuality" stuff that I think is quite cool, though I say it myself." Jennifer been doing bisexuality awareness training for both lesbian/bisexual/gay phoneline/centre volunteers and (mostly straight) nurses. In the process of doing this she has designed some beginners' guides to bisexuality: Index Page. - Attracted to men? Attracted to women? Attracted to both?? - Behaviour / feelings / identity : 3 aspects of sexuality. - Possible reasons for picking your sexual identity. - Bi diversity. - Bisexuality and relationships. - Seven popular myths about bisexuality. - Some classic elements of bi-prejudice. - Five basic ways to be supportive of someone who's coming out as bi. - A few key political issues for bi people compared and contrasted to those of lesbian & gay people. - Queer vs bi identity. - New Bisexuality Info Line. - Research on bisexuality.


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Conferences

Upcoming Bisexual Conferences.The First North American Conference on Bisexuality, Gender, and Sexual Diversity (NACB 2001) is quite possibly the most broadly-based conference on the continent addressing issues of bisexuals and other sexual minorities. - News from BiCon 1996. - 1998 BiWest/SoCal Bisexuality Conference. - 5th Annual Bisexual Conference Draws Hundreds N/A. - 7th International Conference on Bisexuality 2002. - Fitting and misfitting in the bi community: account of a workshop at BiCon 2002, with transcriptions of interesting writings from the workshop - & - General musings on my principles of running workshops. - 9th Bisexual Conference: 2006. - Report on the Noshers' Network at BiCon 2002: how it worked and why it was invented. - The idea of "Community Info Zones": a possible plan for BiCon 2003. Past and Future International Bisexual Conferences (World Map) - Notes on 1st workshop on bisexuality at ILGA Europe conference N/A (Word Document Download): Workshop 12: Diversity in Europe, a bisexual perspective. - ILGA Bisexuality Information Pool. - Theorizing Desire Conference. - ILGA Regional Working Group On Bisexuality - Latin America. - The Asian and Pacific-Islander Lesbian and Bisexual Women’s Conference. - 2009 Bi Health Summit, Chicago.

Internet Resources

Resources: - McGill Student Health Services LBGTM's Information Index N/A. - BiWorld International News. - BiSpace (University of Texas):  - Resources for counselors working with bi clients. - Bisexual Links & Resources. - Links to other bi groups. - Bisexualité: liens. - L'association Bi Unité Montréal. - Bisexual Women of Toronto.- Let it bi.- Vereniging Landelijk Netwerk Biseksualiteit. - Wel Jong Niet Hetero. - Bisexuality Resources for the gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender communities. - Articles related to bisexuality. - Articles / Papers. - Bisexuality and Women: A Reference for Social Workers. - DC Bi Women. - BisexualCenter.com's Bisexual Coming Out Resource. - New Zealand Bisexual Network. - ColorBiNumbers: "a social network of bisexual men, women and couples of all races coming together to celebrate diversity while networking and socializing. We are african american, asian, latin and bi-racial people who welcome all people of color and those who enjoy relating to people of color." - Bi Magazine. - The Bisexual Index. - TBN : Bi Resources. -Robyn Ochs" Bisexual Resources.

Resources: - Bisexual Resource Center. (The New Bisexual Resource Guide, 4th Edition) - Bisexuality etc.. - Bi.org. - New Zealand Bisexual Network.- Australian Bisexual Network. - Bi Net B.C.: The British Columbia Bisexual Network. - The Bisexu-l Homepage. - Article related to Bi Net B.C.- Bisexuality. - Bisexuality: The Vogue Sexuality. - El Bisexuality: El Sexuality Popular. - Bisexual Groups, Organizations and Online Resources: Compliments of the Seattle Bisexual Women's Network. - The soc.bi FAQ list. - Bi Organizations & Groups. - Bisexual Youth resources. - Resources from BisexualCenter.com. - Bi Community News (UK). - bisexuality.org. - Bisexuality Research Today. - Bialogue: an activist/political group based in NYC working on issues of local, national & international interest. Bialogue = Bisexual + Dialogue.

Runway Bisexuel (Translation): Jann Halexander sur France 5 -2007: la bisexualité part 1, 2, 4 & Part 4 (Interviews, Video, French). Other Videos, Different languages.

Bisexuality Research Today: a free monthly online journal that collates and summarizes the latest research about Bisexuality, including details on male and female, statistics, trends, psychology. - Bialogue/GLAAD Bisexuality Packet for Mental Health Professionals.


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Bibliographies

Bibliography of Works on Bisexuality. - Bisexualities (The Men's Bibliography, 2001) - Latina lesbian and bisexual bibliography.The bisexual bookstore. - Bisexuality Books: Quick Looks. - GLAAD's (Must now Search for Info): - Bi-Inclusive Non-Fiction. - Book Bibliography (Gay and Lesbian Issues) 747 Titles. - Books on Bisexuality. - Philosophy Bookshop: Bisexuality. - Bibliographie française. - Livres & Articles de Presse. - Let it Bi - des livres pour et sur les bi. - Queer by Choice Book List. - Links to Reviews of Books on Queer History. - Bisexual Theory Books. - Sex & Bisexuality : Index of Modern Information With Bibliography. - Amazon.com: Listmania! Bisexual Bibliography. - Powell's Books - Gay and Lesbian Studies: Bisexuality. - History of Sexuality and Gender Construction. - Constructions of Sexuality in Ancient Art and Literature. - Bisexual Studies: General Books on Bisexuality. - Bisexual Reading List: Suggested Books and Publications. - Bisexuality Resources at Questia - The Online Library of Books. - Recommended Bisexual Biographies. - Bisexuality Books. - Bisexuelles Netzwerk: Große Bi-Bliographie.

Finalists for the annual Lambda Literary Awards: 2007, 2006 (Winners), 2005 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 2004 (Winners & Nominees), 2003 (Winners & Nominees), 2002 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 2001 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 2000 (Winners) (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), Must Scroll), 1999 (Winners & Nominees) (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 1998 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 1997 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 1996 (Winners & Nomineesl), 1992-1995 (Winners & Nominees), 1988-1991 (Winners & Nominees). Categories: Anthology - Arts & Culture - Bisexual - Childrens/Young Adult - Drama/Theater - Humor - LGBT Nonfiction - LGBT Studies - Sci-Fi/Fantasy/Horror - Spirituality - Transgender -- Lesbian Fiction - Lesbian Romance - Lesbian Mystery - Lesbian Poetry - Lesbian Memoir/Biography - Lesbian Erotica - Lesbian Debut Fiction -- Gay Fiction - Gay Romance - Gay Mystery - Gay Poetry - Gay Memoir/Biography - Gay Erotica - Debut Gay Fiction.

Lambda Literary Award (Wikipedia): "Lambda Literary Awards (also known as "Lammies") are awarded yearly by the US-based Lambda Literary Foundation to published works which celebrate or explore LGBT themes." Winners from 2002 to 2005 are listed. - Lambda Literary Award Nominees And Winners - Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror: 1989-2002.

Books

Bisexual Politics Theories, Queries & Visions - 1995 - edited by Naomi Tucker, Liz Highleyman and Rebecca Kaplan.  (Review) (Review) - Plural Desires : Writing Bisexual Women's Realities. - 1995 - edited by The Bisexual Anthology Collective (Review) (Review). - Bisexuality: The Psychology and Politics of an Invisible Minority - 1996 - edited by Beth A. Firestein (Review) (Abstract/Content). (Excerpt N/A). - Bisexualities: The Ideology and Practice of Sexual Contact With Both Men and Women - 1998 - edited by Erwin J. Haeberle, Rolf Gindorf (International Berlin Conference for Sexology, 1990, Berlin) (Table of Contents). - Dual Attraction: Understanding Bisexuality - 1995 - by Martin S. Weinberg, Colin J. Williams, Douglas W. Pryor. - Bisexual Spaces : A Geography of Sexuality and Gender - 2002 - by Clare Hemmings. - Invisible Life (African American) - 2003 - by E. Lynn Harris. - Black, White & Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self - 2002 - by Rebecca Walker (Review). - Bi America: Myths, Truths, And Struggles Of An Invisible Community - 2005 - by William E. Burleson. Book/Author Web Site. - Look Both Ways: Bisexual Politics - 2007 - by Jennifer Baumgardner (Review) (Review). - Bisexuality and the Challenge to Lesbian Politics: Sex, Loyalty, and Revolution - 2012 - by Paula Rust (Google Books). - Sexual Fluidity: Understanding Women's Love and Desire - 2009 - by Lisa M Diamond (Google Books).

Bi Any Other Name: Bisexual People Speak Out - 1991 - by Hutchins, Loraine & Kaahumanu, Lani (Review). - The Bisexual Option - 1993 - Klein F. (review). - Bisexual Horizons: politics, histories, lives - 1995 - edited by Sharon Rose, Cris Stevens et al. London. - Sexual Pathways: Adapting to Dual Sexual Attraction.- 1999 - by Mark JK Williams (Review: Adolescence, Winter, 1999). - A queer geography: journeys toward a sexual self - 1996 - by Frank Browning. - Hybrid: bisexuals, multiracials, and other misfits under American law - 1996 -  By Ruth Colker (Google Books). - Becoming Visible: Counseling Bisexuals Across the Lifespan - 2007 - edited by Beth Firestein (Contents) (Google Books) ("What's in a Name? Why Women Embrace or Resist Bisexual Identity." by Robyn Ochs).

Plural Desires: Writing Bisexual Women's Realities - 1995 - edited by The Bisexual Anthology Collective (Review) (Review). - Bi lives: bisexual women tell their stories - 1999 - by Kata Orndorff (Google Books). - Bisexual Politics: Theories, Queries, and Visions - 1995 - edited by Naomi Tucker, Liz Highleyman and Rebecca Kaplan (Google Books) (Review). - Bisexuality and the Challenge to Lesbian Politics: Sex, Loyalty, and Revolution - 1995 - by Paula C. Rust (Google Books) (Review) (Review) (Review) (Review).- Women and Bisexuality - 1993 -  by Sue George. - Women and bisexuality: a global perspective - 2003 - by  Serena Anderlini-D'Onofrio (Google Books). - Married Women Who Love Women - 2000, 2008 - by Carren Strock (Google Books) (The Web Site). - A Woman Like That: Lesbian and Bisexual Writers Tell Their Coming Out Stories - 2000 - edited by Joan Larkin. - Closer to Home: Bisexuality & Feminism - 1992 - edited by Elizabeth Reba Weise. - Bi Lives: Bisexual women tell their stories - 1998 - edited by Kata Oendprf (Google Books). - Bisexual Women in the Twenty-First Century - 2003 - edited by Dawn Atkins  (Google Books). - Bisexual Women: Friendship & Social Organization - 2007 - by M. Paz Galupo (Review). - Living Two Lives: A Married Woman's Guide to Loving Women - 2006 - by Joanne Fleisher. - Sexual Fluidity: Understanding Women's Love and Desire - 2009 - by Lisa M. Diamond  (Google Books) (Review). - Lesbian and Bisexual Identities: Constructing Communities, Constructing Selves - 1997 - by Kristen G. Esterberg (Review(Google Books) (Chapter 1: Introduction).

Bi Men's Lives: Bisexual Men Tell Their Stories - 2002 - edited by Mark Zepezauer. - Bisexual and Gay Husbands: Their Stories, Their Words - 2001 - edited by Fred Klein, Fritz Klein, Thomas Schwartz (PDF Download from Haworth Press). - Husbands Who Love Men -  1999 - edited by Arleen H. Alwood, Aileen H. Atwood (Introduction), Jack Edward Siemsen (14 Sample Pages). - Bisexuality in the Lives of Men: Facts and Fictions - 2000 - edited by Brett Beemyn, Erich W. Steinman (PDF Download from Haworth Press) (Review). - Bisexual Men in Culture and Society - 2001 - edited by Brett Beemyn, Erich Steinman.

Vice Versa: Bisexuality and the eroticism of everyday life by Marjorie Garber (Review: "Bisexuals, Cyborgs, and Chaos.") (Marjorie Garber on Bisexuality) (Interview with Marjorie Garber) (29 Sample Pages). - Bisexuality in the United States: A Social Science Reader - edited by Paula C. Rodriguez Rust (Review: Journal of Sex Research, August, 2001) (Related Information). - Bisexual Characters in Film : From Anais to Zee (Haworth Gay and Lesbian Studies) - 1996 - by Wayne M. Bryant. (Abstract and Contents) (Review) (Review). - Bisexualities & AIDS: International Perspectives - 1996 - edited by Peter Aggleton (Abstract & Contents) (Review). - The Bisexual Imaginary: Representation, Identity and Desire - 1997 - by Bi Academic Intervention, Louise Allen (Contents) (Google Books) (Review, must scroll). - Bisexuality and Transgenderism: Intersexions of the Others (Google Books) - 2003 - edited by Jonathan Alexander and  Karen Yescavage

Bisexuality in the Ancient World - 1992, 1996 - by Cantarella by Eva Cantarella, Cormac Ocuilleanain (Translator). (Comments) (Review) (Review) (Review). - A History of Bisexuality - 2001 - by Steven Angelides (Abstract & Contents) (Review). - Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History and Literature -1997 - edited by Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe (Review) (Review) (18 Sample Pages) (Contents). - Roman Homosexuality: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity.- 1999 - by Craig A. Williams (Review) (Review) (18 Sample Pages). - Forbidden Friendships: Homosexuality and Male Culture in Renaissance Florence - 1998 - by Michael Rocke (18 Sample Pages) (Review) (Review). - Before Sexuality: The Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World - 1990 - edited by David M. Halperin, John J. Winkler, and Froma I. Zeitlin (Review, Alternate Link) (44 Sample Pages). - Homosexualities - 2000 - by Stephen O. Murray (Review) (27 Sample Pages). - Affirmative Psychotherapy with Bisexual Women and Bisexual Men - 2006 - edited by Ronald C. Fox (Google Books).

PoMoSexuals: Challenging Assumptions about Gender and Sexuality - 1997 - edited by Carol Queen and Lawrence Schimel (Abstract, Table of Contents) (Review) (9 Sample Pages). - Bisexualities: Theory and Research - 1985 - by Fritz Klein, Timothy Wolf. - Representing Bisexualities: Subjects and Cultures of Fluid Desire - 1996 - edited by Donald E. Hall, Maria Pramaggiore (Review) (NYU Press). - Beyond Gay or Straight: Understanding Sexual Orientation - 1996 - by Jan Clausen (Review). - On the Down Low: A Journey Into the Lives of Straight Black Men Who Sleep With Men - 2004 - by J. L. King, Foreword by E. Lynn Harris.

Bisexuality: A Critical Reader - 1999 - edited by Merl Storr (18 Sample Pages). - Bisexuality: A Reader and Sourcebook - 1990 - edited by Thomas Geller, Bill Himelhock. - Hybrid: Bisexuals, Multiracials, and Other Misfits Under American Law - 1996 - by Ruth Colker (About the Author). - Blessed Bi Spirit: Bisexual People of Faith - 2000 - edited by Debra R. Kolodny (11 Sample Pages). - The Social Construction of Difference and Inequality - by Tracy E. Ore (Table of Contents, Second Edition). - Latina/O Sexualities: Probing Powers, Passions, Practices, and Policies - 2009 - edited by Marysol Asencio (Google Books).

Livres: - La Bisexualité et l'ordre de la nature - 1996 - de Claude Aron (Chroniques et points de vue). - Le Miroir bisexuel - 2002 - de Catherine Deschamps. - Selon la nature, l'usage et la loi : La Bisexualité dans le monde antique - 1991 - de Eva Cantarella. - Bi : de la bisexualité masculine - 1996 - de Jean-Luc Hennig. - Bisexualite et différence des sexes - 2000 - de Collectif.

Livres: - Bisexualité, le dernier tabou - 1996 - de Rommel Mendès-Leite, Catherine Deschamps, Bruno-Marcel Proth. La Bisexualité psychique - 1997 - de Christian David. La bisexualité créatrice: fémininité plus masculinité, la condition idéale de l'être humain - de Louis Corman. - Homosexuels et bisexuels célèbres, le Dictionnaire - de Michel Larivière.

Livres: - Éloge de la diversité sexuelle - 1999 - de Michel Dorais. (La diagonale du flou) (La diversité sexuelle : un nouveau paradigme) - Pour tout l'amour des hommes, Anthologie de l'homosexualité dans la littérature - de Michel Larivière. - Hermaphrodite: mythes et rites de la bisexualité dans l'antiquité - 1992 - de Marie Delcourt. - Atlas de la sexualité dans le monde - de Judith MacKay. - Le Sexe incertain. Androgynie et hermaphrodisme dans l'Antiquité romaine - 1997 - de Brisson/Luc.

The "SEARCH Section" For...
The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Search Engines & Directories: Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture.

Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of  Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.

Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal- Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com

Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers).  eScholarship Repository:  University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries.  - NTUR, National Taiwan University- Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. -  UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki- E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory

Search for Free Articles, Papers or ReportsFindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere.  The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.

Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.

Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses,  Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway.  - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.

Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. -  Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. -  Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers,  2005,  3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports

Full Text Articles / Papers / Studies / Reports (and/or Abstracts):


Storr, Merl (1999, Editor). Bisexuality: a critical Reader. PDF Download. Contents: Editor's introduction 1. --- Pt. I. --- Genealogy of the concept of bisexuality 13. - 1. Extracts from Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume I: Sexual Inversion (1897) and from Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume II: Sexual Inversion (1915) / Henry Havelock Ellis 15. - 2. Extract from Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality: 1. The Sexual Aberrations (1905) / Sigmund Freud 20. - 3. Extracts from Bi-Sexual Love (1920) / Wilhelm Stekel 28. - 4. Extracts from Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) / Alfred C. Kinsey, Wardell B. Pomeroy, Clyde E. Martin 31. - 5. Extracts from The Bisexual Option: A Concept of One Hundred Percent Intimacy (1978) / Fritz Klein 38. - 6. Notes on the Kinsey Scale and Other Measures of Sexuality (1992) / Amanda Udis-Kessler 49 --- Pt. II. --- Bisexual identity and bisexual behaviour 57. - 7. Bisexuality: Some Social Psychological Issues (1977) / Philip W. Blumstein, Pepper Schwartz 59. - 8. Mexican Male Bisexuality (1985) / J. M. Carrier 75. - 9. Extracts from Patterns of Bisexuality in Thailand (1991) / Wiresit Sittitrai, Tim Brown, Sirapone Virulrak 87. - 10. Extracts from Women and Bisexuality (1993) / Sue George 100. - 11. Extract from My Interesting Condition (1990) / Jan Clausen 107. - 12. Extract from Sex, Power and Pleasure (1985) / Mariana Valverde 112. --- Pt. III. --- Bisexual epistemologies 117. - 13. Extracts from Activating Bisexuality: Towards a Bi/Sexual Politics (1993) / Jo Eadie 119. - 14. Extracts from Vice Versa: Bisexuality and the Eroticism of Everyday Life (1995) / Marjorie Garber 138. - 15. Extracts from Epistemologies of the Fence (1996) / Maria Pramaggiore 144. - 16. Bisexuals and People of Mixed-Race: Arbiters of Change (1996) / Yasmin Prabhudas 150. - 17. Extract from Queer Ethics; or, the Challenge of Bisexuality to Lesbian Ethics (1992) / Elisabeth D. Daumer 152. - 18. Extract from A Comment on Cultural Attributes and Fluidity of Bisexuality (1984) / Gilbert H. Herdt 162. - 19. Ambiguous Identity in an Unambiguous Sex/Gender Structure: The Case of Bisexual Women (1996) / Amber Ault 167. --- Pt. IV. --- Differences 187. - 20. Extract from The Laugh of the Medusa (1975) / Helene Cixous 189. - 21. Extract from Locating Bisexual Identities: Discourses of Bisexuality and Contemporary Feminist Theory (1995) / Clare Hemmings 193. - 22. Extracts from Bisexuals Making Out with Cyborgs: Politics, Pleasure, Con/fusion (1997) / Ann Kaloski 201. - Bibliography 211. - Index 224.



Adriaens, Pieter R (2007+). Eros’ ambiguity An philosophical history of male love. PDF Download. Publications.

Ambrose, Emily  (2009-2010). Heteroflexibility: Bending the Existing Label Triangle. Colorado State University Journal of Student Affairs, 18: 69-74. PDF Download.

Anderson E (2008). “Being Masculine is not About who you Sleep with...:” Heterosexual Athletes Contesting Masculinity and the One-time Rule of Homosexuality. Sex Roles, 58(1/2): 104-115.   Abstract. PDF Download.

Anderson E, Adams A (2011). “Aren't we all a little bisexual?”: The recognition of Bisexuality in an unlikely place. Journal of Bisexuality, 11(1), 3-22. PDF Download. Abstract.

Arndt, Marlene (2009). Attitudes towards bisexual men and women: the relationship between respondents' attitudes and their sexual orientation. PhD Dissertation, Psychology, University of Johannesburg. PDF Download. Download Page.

Barker M, et al. (2012). The Bisexuality Report: Bisexual inclusion in LGBT equality and diversity. Centre for Citizenship, Identities and Governance and Faculty of Health and Social Care, the Open University.
PDF Download.

Barker M, Bowes-Catton H, Iantaffi A, Cassidy A, Brewer L (2008). British bisexuality: A snapshot of bisexual identities in the United Kingdom. Journal of Bisexuality, 8(1): 141–162. Full text.

Belmonte, Kimberly (2011). Lesbian and Bisexual Identity in Multiple Ecological Contexts. Master's Dissertation, Department of Psychology,  The State University of New York at New Paltz. PDF Download. Download Page.

Bershtein, Evgenii (2011). The notion of universal bisexuality in Russian religious philosophy. In: Risto Alapuro, Arto Mustajoki, Pekka Pesonen (Eds), Understanding Russianness. PDF Download.

Bleiberg S, Fertmann A, Godino C, Todhunter A (2005). The Layer Cake Model of Bisexual Identity Development.  National Association for Campus Activities Programming Magazine, 37(8). PDF Download. PDF Download.

Boisseau Megan (1995). Conceptualizing Change: An examination of bisexuality within dichotomous models of gender and sexuality, High Honors Thesis, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Colgate University. Full text.

Brewster, Melanie E (2008). Perceived Anti-Bisexual Prejudice Experiences of Bisexual Individuals: Scale Development and Evaluation. Master's Dissertation, University of Florida. PDF Download. Related Paper: Perceived experiences of anti-bisexual prejudice: Instrument development and evaluation (2010).

Browne K, Lim J, in consultation with: Count Me In Too Bi Analysis Group (2008). Bi People: Additional Findings Report - Count Me In Too: LGBT Lives in Brighton & Hove. University of Brighton. PDF Download.

Carl, Walter John (1998). Fluidity and relating: Accounting for relating practices and sexual identity in a bisexuality discussion group. A paper presented at the International Network on Personal Relationships conference at the University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, May 1998. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Caldwell K (2010). We Exist: Intersectional In/Visibility in Bisexuality & Disability. Disability Studies Quarterly, 30(3/4). Full text.

Carr CL (2005). Bisexuality as a Category in Social Research: Lessons from Women’s Gendered Narratives. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Philadelphia, PA. Full text.

Comeau, Dawn L (2009). Sexual Identity, Behavior and Health: Women Who Have Relationships with Women and Men. PhD Dissertation, Women's Studies, Emory University. PDF Download.

Corliss HL, Austin SB, Roberts AL, Molnar BE (2009). Sexual risk in "mostly heterosexual" young women: influence of social support and caregiver mental health. Journal of Womens Health, 18(12): 2005-10. PDF Download. Abstract.

Crehan, Brett M (2011). Hypersexual of [sic] psychopathology? : an examination of what it means to be bisexual : an honors thesis. Undergraduate senior honors disertation, Ball State University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Diamant AL, Wold C, Spritzer K, Gelberg L (2000). Health behaviors, health status, and access to and use of health care: a population-based study of lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual women. Archives of Family Medecine. (10): 1043-51. Full text. PDF Download.

Diamond LM (2008). Female Bisexuality From Adolescence to Adulthood: Results From a 10-Year Longitudinal Study. Developmental Psychology, 44(1): 5-14. PDF Download.

Diamond LM (2008). Female Bisexuality From Adolescence to Adulthood: Results From a 10-Year Longitudinal Study. Developmental Psychology, 44(1): 5-14. PDF Download.

Diamond M (1998). Bisexuality: A Biological Perspective. First published in: Erwin J. Haeberle and Rolf Gindorf, eds.: Bisexualities - The Ideology and Practice of Sexual Contact with both Men and Women: pp. 53-80. Full Text.

Dobinson, Cheryl - with Judy MacDonnell, Elaine Hampson, Jean Clipsham and Kathy Chow (2003). Improving the Access and Quality of Public  Health Services for Bisexuals: A position paper and resolution adopted by the Ontario Public Health Association (OPHA). PDF Download.

Dodge B, Jeffries WL 4th, Sandfort TG (2008). Beyond the Down Low: sexual risk, protection, and disclosure among at-risk Black men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW). Archives of Sexual Behavior,  37(5): 683-696. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Dodge B, Schnarrs PW, Goncalves G, Malebranche D, Martinez O, Reece M, Rhodes SD, Van Der Pol B, Nix R, Fortenberry JD (2012). The significance of privacy and trust in providing health-related services to behaviorally bisexual men in the United States. AIDS Education and Prevention, 24(3): 242-56. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Fairyington S (2005). Bisexuality and the Case against Dualism. The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide, 12(4). Full Text.

FitzGerald WA (2000). Explaining the variety of human sexuality. Medical Hypotheses, 55(5): 435-439. Full Text N/A: PDF Download, PubMed abstract.

Frankowski, Barbara L (2002). Sexual Orientation of Adolescent Girls. Current Women’s Health Reports 2002, 2: 457–463.  PDF Download. Abstract.

Garnets LD, Peplau AP (2000). Understanding Women's Sexualities and Sexual Orientations: An Introduction. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 181-192. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com. (Blackwell Abstract).

Glazer EM (2010, 2012). Sexual Reorientation. Hofstra Univ. Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-30. Georgetown Law Journal, 2012. PDF Download.

Gorbach PM, Murphy R, Weiss RE, Hucks-Ortiz C, Shoptaw S (2009). Bridging sexual boundaries: men who have sex with men and women in a street-based sample in Los Angeles. Journal of Urban Health, 86 Suppl 1: 63-76.  PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Grant HB, Hagedorn WB (2001). Working with the Bisexual Client: How Far Have We Progressed? Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development,40(1): 11-20. PDF Download.

Greene, Berverly A (2002). The Multidimensional Identities of African American Lesbians and Bisexual Women. Excerpted From: Internalized Racism among African Americans: the Connections and Considerations for African American Lesbians and Bisexual Women: a Clinical Psychological Perspective, Rutgers Law Review, 54: 931-957, 931-937 (Summer 2002) (98 Footnotes Omitted). Full Text.

Greene, Berverly A (2000). African American Lesbian and Bisexual Women. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 239-249. Full Text.

Greenesmith H (2010). Drawing Bisexuality Back into the Picture: How Bisexuality Fits into LGBT Legal Strategy Ten Years After Bisexual Erasure. PDF. PDF

Gurevich M, Bower J, Mathieson CM, Dhayanandhan B (2007). ‘What Do They Look Like and Are They among Us?’: Bisexuality, (Dis)closure and (Un)viability. In: Out in Psychology: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and queer perspectives - 2007 - Edited by Victoria Clarke and Elizabeth Peel. PDF Download. Word Download.

Gustavson, Marlena (2003). Monstruous desires Jealousy, freedom and bisexuality.  Paper presented at Gender and Power in the New Europe, the 5th Europena Feminist Research Conference, August 20-24, 2003 Lund University, Sweden. PDF Download.

Harawa NT, Williams JK, Ramamurthi HC, Manago C, Avina S, Jones M (2008). Sexual Behavior, Sexual Identity, and Substance Abuse Among Low-Income Bisexual and Non-Gay-Identifying African American Men Who Have Sex with Men. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37(5): 748–762. Full Text.

Hartman JE (2005). Another Kind of "Chilly Climate": The Effects of Lesbian Separatism on Bisexual Women's Identity and Community. Journal of Bisexuality, 5(4): 61-76. PDF Download.

Hart TA et al. (2003). Sexual behavior among HIV-positive men who have sex with men: what's in a label? Journal of Sex Research. Full Text. PubMed Abstract.

Hayes SF (1993). Empowering Multiple Cultural Identities of Bisexual Women and Men. Abstract & Download Page.

Heath, Mary (2005). Pronouncing the silent ‘B’ (in GLBTTIQ). Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 1(3): 87-91. PDF Download.

Heckert, Jamie (2010). Love without borders? Intimacy, identity and the state of compulsory monogamy. In: Meg Barker and Darren Langdridge (eds.) Understanding Non-Monogamies, New York: Routledge, 2010, pp255-266. Full Text.

Hemmings, Clare (2005). Time, Space and Translation - Bisexual Challenges to Western theories of Sexual Identity. Paper presented at The International Conference "Heteronormativity - A Fruitful Concept?". Trondheim, Norway. PDF Download

Herek, G.M. (2002). Heterosexuals’ attitudes toward bisexual men and women in the United States. Journal of Sex Research, 39 (4), 264-274. (Abstract and link to PDF Download of paper) Full Text.

Herek GM, Norton AT, Allen TJ, Sims CL (2010). Demographic, Psychological, and Social Characteristics of Self-Identified Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adults in a US Probability Sample. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 7(3):176-200. Abstract PDF Download.

Ho, Josephine (2003). Trans-Sexuality: Bisexual Formations and the Limits of Categories. Paper presented at the Fifth International Super-Slim Conference on Politics of Gender/Sexuality, the Center for the Study of Sexualities, National Central University. PDF Download.

Horowitz, Stephen M (2001). Differences between sexual orientation behavior groups and social background, quality of life, and health behaviors. Journal of Sex Research, 38(3): 205-18. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)

Hostetler AJ, Herdt GH (1998). Culture, sexual lifeways, and developmental subjectivities: rethinking sexual taxonomies. Social Research, 65(2): 249-91. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com.

IGLHRC (2007). Bisexual Issues: Thematic Packet Supporting Documentation For Asylum Claims: 2000-2007. PDF Download.

Izazola-Licea JA, et al. (2000). Prevalence of Same-Gender Sexual Behavior and HIV in a Probability Household Survey in Mexican Men. Journal Of Sex Research. Full Text.

Jordal, Christian Edward (2011). “Making it Work”: A Grounded Theory of How Mixed Orientation Married Couples Commit, Sexually Identify, and Gender Themselves. PhD Dissertation, Marriage and Family Therapy program, Faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Kaestle CE, Ivory AH (2012). A Forgotten Sexuality: Content Analysis of Bisexuality in the Medical Literature over Two Decades. Journal of Bisexuality, 12(1): 35-48. Abstract. Full Text.

Keppel, Bobbi (2006). Affirmative Psychotherapy with Older Bisexual Women and Men. Journal of Bisexuality, 6(1/2): 85-104. PDF Download. Also published in Affirmative Psychotherapy with Bisexual Women and Bisexual Men - 2006 - edited by Ronald C. Fox. Google Books.

Kowal, Sarah (2010). An exploration of the impact of social institutions and interpersonal connections on the sexual expression and identity of dually attracted and bisexual women. PhD. Dissertation, The Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, Rutgers University. PDF Download.

Logan, Lisa (2008). French Twist’s Loli as a Representation of the Lived Experience of Bisexual Motherhood. McNair Research Project, Eastern Washington University. PDF Download.

Lucal, Betsy (2008). Building Boxes and Policing Boundaries: (De)Constructing Intersexuality, Transgender and Bisexuality. Sociology Compass, 2(2): 519–536. PDF Download.

Loppie, Samantha Terri (2011). Splitting the Difference: Exploring the Experiences of Identity and Community Among Biracial and Bisexual People in Nova Scotia. Master's Dissertation, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. PDF Download.

Magnet, Shoshana  (2001). Bisexuality angst: Young Women Feminists, Activists, Grrrls. Canadian Woman Studies, 20(4): 113-117. Word Download. PDF Download Page.

Mays VM, Yancey AK, Cochran SD, Weber M, Fielding JE (2002). Heterogeneity of Health Disparities Among African American, Hispanic, and Asian American Women: Unrecognized Influences of Sexual Orientation. American Journal of Public Health, 92(4): 632-9. PDF Download, PubMed Abstract.

MacDowall, Lachlan (2009). Historicising Contemporary Bisexuality. Journal of Bisexuality, 9(1): 3-15. PDF Download. Abstract. Available via OAIster.

McLean, James (2003). Daily desires: everyday geographies of bisexual men. Thesis (M.A.), Simon Fraser University. Download Page. PDF Download. PDF Download.

McLean, Kirsten (2008). Silences and stereotypes: The impact of (mis)constructions of bisexuality on Australian bisexual men and women. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4(3): 158-167. PDF Download. PDF Download.

McNall M, Remafedi G (1999). Relationship of Amphetamine and Other Substance Use to Unprotected Intercourse Among Young Men Who Have Sex With Men. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 153: 1130-1135. Full text.

Mercer CH, Bailey JV, Johnson AM, Erens B, Wellings K, Fenton KA, Copas AJ (2007). Women who report having sex with women: British national probability data on prevalence, sexual behaviors, and health outcomes. American Journal of Public Health, 97(6): 1126-33. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Miller M, Andre A, Ebin J, Bessonova (2007). Bisexual Health: An Introduction and Mosel Practices for HIV/STI Prevention Programming. National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute, The Fenway Institue at Genway Community Health, BINET USA. PDF Download.

Millett G, Malebranche D, Mason B, Spikes P (2005). Focusing "down low": bisexual black men, HIV risk and heterosexual transmission. Journal of the National Medical Association, 97(7 Suppl): 52S-59S. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Morano, Laurie Ann (2007). A personal construct psychology perspective on sexual identity. M.A. Thesis in Psychology. State University of New York. Download Page. PDF Download

Mubarak D (2001). Why we are gay? (Everybody has an idea: It's genetics--we're born that way. It's our mothers and testosterone in the womb. It's the environment as we were growing up....). The Advocate, July 17. 13 pages. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com.

Muehlenhard CL (2000). Categories and Sexuality.(Review) Journal of Sex Research, 37(2): 101-07. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)

Muñoz-Laboy M, Leau CJ, Sriram V, Weinstein HJ, del Aquila EV, Parker R (2009). Bisexual desire and familism: Latino/a bisexual young men and women in New York City. Culture, Health and Sexuality, (3): 331-44. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Mutchler MG, Bogart LM, Elliott MN, McKay T, Suttorp MJ, Schuster MA (2008). Psychosocial correlates of unprotected sex without disclosure of HIV-positivity among African-American, Latino, and White men who have sex with men and women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37(5): 736-747. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Muñoz-Laboy M, Leau CJ, Sriram V, Weinstein HJ, del Aquila EV, Parker R (2009). Bisexual desire and familism: Latino/a bisexual young men and women in New York City. Culture, Health and Sexuality, (3): 331-44. PDF Download, PubMed Abstract.

Namaste V, et al. (2007). HIV and STD Prevention Needs of Bisexual Women: Results from Projet Polyvalence. Canadian Journal of Communication, 32: 357-381. PDF Download.

Nichols, Margaret (1994). Therapy With Bisexual Women: Working On The Edge of Emerging Cultural and Personal Identities. In Mirkin MP (ed.). Women In Context, Toward a Feminist Reconstruction of Psychotherapy. New York: Guildford Press. Full Text.

Nichols, Margaret (1988). Bisexuality in Women: Myths, Realities, and Implications for Therapy. In Cole E, Rothblum ED (eds). Women and Sex Therapy, Closing the Circle of Sexual Knowledge. New York: Harrington Park Press. Full Text.

Nutter, Kathryn L (2008). Bi Labor: Toward a Model of Bisexual Identity Management in Workplace Environments. Master's Dissertation, Sociology, Ohio University. PDF Download.

Ochs, Robyn (2007). What's in a Name? Why Women Embrace or Resist Bisexual Identity. In: Becoming Visible: Counseling Bisexuals Across the Lifespan - 2007 - edited by Beth Firestein (Contents) (Google BooksFull Text.

Ochs, Robyn (2001). Question: "Why do so many women who easily admit to having male and female lovers refuse the label 'bisexual'? Published in the Fall 2001 issue of In the Family: The Magazine for Queer People and Their Loved Ones: 5. Full Text.

Ochs, Robyn (1996). Biphobia: It Goes More Than Two Ways. Published in Bisexuality: The Psychology and Politics of an Invisible Minority. Edited by Beth A. Firestein: 217-239. Full text.

Ochs, Robyn (1995). Bisexual Etiquette: Helpful Hints for Bisexuals Working with Lesbians and Gay Men. Published in Bisexual Politics: Theories, Queries, & Visions. Harrington Park Press: 237-240. Full text.

Ochs, Robyn (1992).Bisexuality, Feminism, Men and Me. Published in Closer to Home: Bisexuality & Feminism (Elizabeth Reba Weise, ed.) Seal Press, 1992.  (reprinted in Women: Images and Realities: A Multicultural Anthology (Mayfield Publishing Co., 1999), edited by Desselman, McNair, Schniedewind, and in The Social Construction of Difference and Inequality: Race, Class, Gender and Sexuality, ed. Tracy E. Ore (Mayfield: 2000; McGraw-Hill 2003 (forthcoming). Full text.

Paul, Jay P (1998). San Francisco's Bisexual Center and the Emergence of a Bisexual Movement. In: EJ. Haeberle and R. Gindorf (Eds.). Bisexualities: The Ideology and Practice of Sexual Contact with both Men and Women: 130-139. Full Text.

Pell, Susan (2002). Inescapable Essentialism: Bisexually-Identified Women's Strategies in the Late 80s and Early 90s. thirdspace: a journal of feminist theory & culture, 2(1). Full text.

Peplau LA, Garnets LD (2000). A New Paradigm for Understanding Women's Sexuality and Sexual Orientation. Journal of Social Issues,  56(2): 330-350. Full Text. (Blackwell Abstract)

Ramakrishnan L (2006). Putting the 'B' Back in LGBT: Bisexuality, Queer Politics and HIV/AIDS Discourse. In: Brinda Bose and Subhabrata Bhattacharyya, Eds. The Phobic and the Erotic: The Politics of Sexualities in Contemporary India. PDF Download.

Randen, Heid1 (2001). Bi Signs and Wonders: An interview with Robyn Ochs. Excerpted from the Journal of Bisexuality, 1(1):  5-26. Full Text.

Rehaag S (2009). Bisexuals Need Not Apply: A Comparative Appraisal of Refugee Law and Policy in Canada, the United States, and Australia. International Journal of Human Rights, 13(2). PDF Download. PDF Download.

Rehaag, Sean (2007, Draft). Patrolling the Borders of Sexual Orientation: Bisexual refugee claims in CanadaPDF Download. PDF Download.

Rieger G, Chivers ML, Bailey JM (2005). Sexual arousal patterns of bisexual men. Psychological Science, 16(8): 579-84. PDF Download. Full Text.

Ripley M, Anderson E, McCormack M, Adams A, Pitts R (2011). The Decreasing Significance of Stigma in the Lives of Bisexual Men: Keynote Address, Bisexual Research Convention, London. Journal of Bisexuality, 11(2): 195-206. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Robinson, Margaret (2011). Polyamory and Monogamy as Strategic Identities. Paper presented at the 2011 APA Convention. PDF Download.

Robinson, Margaret Anne (2009). Turning Points in Identity and Theology: Bisexual Women Choosing Between Monogamous and Polyamorous Relationships. PhD Dissertation, Department of Theology of the Toronto School of Theology, University of St. Michael’s College. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Rodriguez Rust PC (2002). Bisexuality: The state of the union. Annual Review of Sex Research, 13:180-240. Full Text.  

Rodriguez Rust PC (2000). Bisexuality: A Contemporary Paradox for Women. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 205-221. Full Text. (Blackwell Abstract)

Rothblum AD (2000). Sexual Orientation and Sex in Women's Lives: Conceptual and Methodological Issues. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 193-204. Full Text.

Saewyc EM, Homma Y, Skay CL, Bearinger LH, Resnick MD, Reis E (2009). Protective factors in the lives of bisexual adolescents in North America. American Journal of Public Health, 99(1): 110-7. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Saewyc EM, Skay CL, Hynds P, Pettingell S, Bearinger LH, Resnick MD, Reis E (2007). Suicidal ideation and Attempts in North American School-Based Surveys: Are Bisexual Youth at Increasing Risk? Journal of LGBT Health Research, 3(2): 25-36. PDF Download.

Sandfort TGM, Dodge B (2008). “…And Then There was the Down Low”: Introduction to Black and Latino Male Bisexualities. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37(5): 675–682. Full Text.

San Francisco Human Rights Commission: LGBT Advisory Committee (2011). Bisexual Invisibility: Impacts and Recommendations. PDF Download.

Sanlo, Ronni L (2004). Sexual Minority College Students: Risk, Resiliency, and Retention. PPT Presentation.

Sardá, Alejandra (1998). Bisexualidad, ¿un disfraz de la homofobia internalizada? Trabajo presentado en el I Encuentro Argentino de Psicoerapeutas Gays, Lesbianas y Bisexuales, organizado por el Grupo Nexo y realizado en Buenos Aires, en septiembre de 1998.  Full Text. Translation.

Savolainen V, Lehmann L (2007). Genetics and bisexuality. Nature, 445(11): 158-159. PDF Download.

Snyder Peter J, Weinrich JD, and Pillard RC (1994). Personality and lipid level differences associated with homosexual and bisexual identity in men. Archives of Sexual Behavior 23: 433-451. Full text. (Alternate Link)

Spalding LR, Peplau LA (1997). The unfaithful lover: Heterosexuals' stereotypes of bisexuals and their relationships. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21: 611-625. PDF Download. Download Page.

Steenbakker S, Hilhorst M, Bakker B (2009). ‘Having sex with a man doesn’t make me gay’. Needs assessment among men from ethnic-cultural minorities who have sex (also) with men. Translated from Dutch by Tom Johnston. PDF Download.

Steffens MC, Wagner C (2004). Attitudes towards Lesbians, Gay Men, Bisexual Women, and Bisexual Men in Germany. In Press. The Journal of Sex Research. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Straf SS (1998). Bisexuality - what is it?  Paper written for Human Sexuality class at UIUC. Full text.

Thomeer MB, Reczek C (2013). Sexual Minority Status and Happiness: The Role of Health, SES, and Social Ties. PDF Download.

Toft, Alex (2011). Bisexual Christian identity: a sociological exploration of the life stories of female and male bisexual Christians. PhD. Dissertation, University of Nottingham. PDF Download.

Toft, Alex (2009). Negotiating Identity – Life Narratives of Bisexual Christians. Chapter 13. PDF Download.

Thompson, Beverly Yuen (1999). The Politics of Bisexual/Biracial Identity: A study of Bisexual and Mixed Race Women of Asian/Pacific Islander Descent. PhD. Dissertation, San Diego State University. Abstract. PDF Download.

Tweedy AE, Yescavage KM (2013). Employment Discrimination against Bisexuals and Others with Fluid Identities. Hamline University School of Law, Working Paper Series. PDF Download.

Veniegas RC, Conley TD (2000). Biological Research on Women's Sexual Orientations: Evaluating the Scientific Evidence. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 267-282 . Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com. (Blackwell Abstract)

Werner Dennis (1998). Sobre a evolução e variação cultural na homossexualidade masculina. In Joana Maria Pedro e Miriam Pillar Grossi (orgs). Masculino, Feminino Plural. Florianópolis: ed. Mulheres, 99-129. Internet Availability of the English translation of "On the Evolution and Cross-Cultural Variation in Male Homosexuality."  Full Text.

Wunsch, Serge (2007). Rôle et importance des processus de renforcement dans l'apprentissage du comportement de reproduction chez l'homme. [Evolution from mammalian heterosexual reproductive behavior to human erotic bisexuality.] PhD Dissertation, Neurosciences Intégratives, L'École Pratique des Hautes Études. Full Text.

Woo, Chris WH (2005). Queer Vampiric Desire: Bisexuality on Body without Organs. IM E-Journal(National Academy of Screen and Sound: NASS), 1. PDF Download. Download Page.

Yoshino, Kenji (2000). The epistemic contract of bisexual erasure. Stanford Law Review, 52(2):  353-461. PDF Download.

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