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Religion & Spirituality

Page Index: - General Information. - Same-Sex Marriage. - The Christian Right. - Roman Catholicism. - Anglican. - United Church. - Presbyterian. - Baptist. - Mormon. - Mennonite. - Lutheran. - Unitarian. - Methodist. - African American Churches. - Quaker. - Metropolitan Community Church. - Eastern / Orthodox Christianity. - Baha'i. - Islam. - Judaism. - Buddhism. - Hinduism. - Dagara Tribe Spirituality. - Voodoo/Voodou. - Wicca/Paganism. - Gay/Lesbian, Bisexual, Trangender Spirituality. - Resources: - Web Resources. - Bibliographies / Book Lists. - Books. - Full Text Papers.

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The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

General Information

All Are God's Children: On Including Gays and Lesbians in the Church and Society (2011). - Religion and Acceptance of Gays (2011). - Religious Groups' Official Positions on Same-Sex Marriage (2012). - Values issues: Religions’ stances on homosexuality vary (2012). - Gays debate: Culture vs religion (2012). - John Piper Laments Normalization of Homosexuality as 'the New Calamity' (2011). - Even on Religious Campuses, Students Fight for Gay Identity (2011). - Was Jesus Gay? Probably (2012). - Gay Harassment and the Struggle for Inclusion (2010). - Study: Gay Christians, Muslims most likely to be troubled (2010). - Religious Views on Homosexuality: Comparison Chart.

Religious groups' policies on homosexuality. - Summary of Religious Views on Homosexuality. - Beliefs on Homosexuality within various mainline Denominations. - The Conflict of Culture and Religion. -  Homosexuality and the denominations (Links) - As churches argue about homosexuality, the congregation has moved on (2003). - Homosexuality and the churches Part 2 (2003). (Part 1) - Men, Homosexuality, and the Gods An Exploration into the Religious Significance of Male Homosexuality in World Perspective. - Heroic Heretical Heterosexuality. - Gay Spirituality: About Spirituality For Gays And Lesbians And Everyone Else Who Fall Between The Cracks. - Gay Activism in Asian and Asian-American Churches. - GLBT Welcoming Denominations. - Homosexuality & Christianity: it's time to rethink everything you've been taught... - Inventing Sin: Religion and Homosexuality: No matter their own scandals, religious institutions through history have a consistent scapegoat: homosexuals. - From Pink to Blue: the Mainstreaming of Homosexuality (2003). - Hermeneutical issues in the use of the bible to justify the acceptance of homosexual practice.

The Lesbian & Gay Christian Movement.Can I be Catholic/Mormon/Gay, etc., and be Saved? -  Gay/Lesbian Religion News. - A Report on Insights from the Religious Roots of Homophobia Conference, Sydney, 2001. - Other Sheep Newsletter: Queer Theology for 14 Sexual Minorities. - Gays and Religion Timeline. - Spirituality for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender & Intersex People. - UK Church Leaders Consider Homosexuality Compromise. - "Dieu aime-t-il les gays ? Les Eglises et l'homosexualité." - Dost Thou Mind the Pink Triangle? - Fellowship of Christian congregations with a special outreach to GLB communities. - For the love of God: Embracing Homosexuality in Today's World.- Homosexuality and the African American Church: The Paradox of the "Open Closet" Am. Behav. Scientist 42, 1117 (1999). - Good News: a new look at the Bible and homosexuality. - Evangelical Lutheran Church in America: Historical Resources.

Can a homosexual become and remain a Christian?  - Gay and Christian - a contradiction?  - Homosexual Christians? The unthinkable has become thinkable. - How To Be A Gay Christian (Despite What You've Been Told Otherwise). - Steps to recovery from Bible abuse. (Related book) - Ecclesiastical Ineptitude: Why is the Church Failing to Minister to Youths and Adults Struggling with Homosexuality. - Christianity and homosexuality: are they compatible? Links to Essays. - Religion vs. Sexual Orientation: A Clash of Human Rights? - Gay and Christian?: A LesBiGay Bibliography. - Gay Marriage: Reimagining Church History. - Gary Lynn reports on his life as bisexual and related religion problems. - - "Coming Out" as Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender within a Christian Community.

What the Bible says about Homosexuality. - Homosexuality and the Bible. - An Analysis of Six Critical Texts Used To Condemn Homosexuality. - Reading Strategies for Biblical Passages on Same-Sex Relations. - The Bible and Homosexuality. - What We Don't Hear About Religion and Homosexuality. - Things I believe about homosexuality, the Church, and the attitudes of some Christians. - Religion and gay rights:  "The British House of Lords and the House of Commons has released a bombshell human rights report which says religious institutions should not have the right even in their private schools to teach that homosexuality is sinful. This has lit a flame of controversy burning all the way into Jamaica...." 

The Bible in the Moral War over the Rejection of Homosexuality by the Military Services: A View from Inside the Pentagon N/A. - Sex and the Bible a look at the cultic background to homosexuality, and the law. - Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 19:1-29) on the Internet: The Implications of the Internet for the Study of the Bible. - Church Tradition Only Condemn Homosexuality Not The Bible. - The Bible and Homosexual Practice: An Overview of Some Issues. - Denominational Policy Statements. - When religion becomes a weapon of mass destruction: AIDS in Africa and sex education in America.

The Continued Cost of Homophobia: "This morning news broke of yet another conservative pastor resigning his position after admissions of sexual relationships with other men. Channel Four News out of Denver released the story of Paul Barnes, the latest "outed" pastor to leave church leadership in recent days.Barnes videotaped a message to his congregation in which he recalled his life-long struggle with his sexuality. "I have struggled with homosexuality since I was a 5-year-old boy," Barnes, 54, said in the videotaped message. "... I can't tell you the number of nights I have cried myself to sleep, begging God to take this away." For Barnes, these innate sexual desires for other men were contrary to his reading of the Bible which considers homosexuality an "abomination." Following close on the heels of Ted Haggard's sex and drug scandal, this public outing is just one more example of the cost of homophobia in our Churches and in our society. Both Haggard and Barnes struggled with their sexuality, not because it was wrong, sinful or "abominable," but rather because their communities of faith convinced them that who they were at their core was flawed and unacceptable to the Church and to God. What violence to the souls of our children are we inflicting through this type of purported moral and religious righteousness? ..." - Senator pleaded guilty, reportedly after bathroom stall incident. - Having Sex With Men Does NOT Make Larry Craig Gay.

The Church Should Play Its Role (PDF Download): "There has been a lot of noise in African church circles about gays and their place in the community of faith. Besides the recent noise, it is an established fact that there is a lot of silence around the question of homosexuality in the indigenous society of Africa. Equally established is the fact that, unlike in the western society, silence in Africa cannot be taken for consent. Because silence does not necessarily mean consent, many have taken it to mean hostility. Because of this silence, gays are accorded a very low status in society. This makes it still difficult to come out and declare oneself as gay in the indigenous society of Africa. Those who have braved the storm and come out have brought rejection and isolation upon themselves, to the extent of being the scorn as well as the scum of society. For this reason, African gays have been forced to live two lives that are completely separate. They are different people when they are together in private gay settings and have to be different people when they are among the non-gay public.  Church’s Role: If Christian discipleship is to be take seriously, life cannot be separated off in parts labelled private or public. For life to be whole - to become whole - our lives must be all of a piece. I am struck by the homophone between holiness and wholeness. It strikes me as ringing true that a life lived in wholeness can be equated to, or at least is close to becoming, a life lived in holiness. A life fragmented into aspects labelled as private and public is not whole and, therefore, can never be holy. The Latin roots of the word “religion” have to do with “binding.” A church, which wants to be true to its calling will never promote fragmentation..."

Who's Afraid of Gay Theology? "Despite the growing body of gay scholarship in religious studies, there is a dearth of responses by heterosexual scholars in the field of men's studies in religion. Gay theology can still count more predictably on the ire of a conservative public than on a nuanced, non-homophobic critique by their heterosexual colleagues. What contributes to disregarding gay scholarly voices? Paradoxically, their voices are marginalized to the point of invisibility and yet are also in the center of public discourse. This article sifts through some reasons of why heterosexual men shy away from a public debate of the merits of gay scholarship. Besides methodological reservations, heterosexual male anxieties cause such weariness. Autobiographical insertions by gay scholars combined with discipline-transgressions may lead to `homosexual panic' even among non-homophobic scholars. The article argues that heterosexual men's studies in religion need to overcome their silence and engage the scholarship of gay theology." - Spirituality and Sexuality: An Exploration of the Religious Beliefs of Non-Heterosexual Christians in Great Britain: "This article analyzes the religious beliefs of 565 gay, lesbian and bisexual Christians, focusing on God, Jesus Christ and the Bible. Most respondents saw no conflict between their sexualities and their Christian faith. The examination of these religious beliefs uncovers themes that appear to be influenced by their social circumstances, the core of which being their stigmatized sexualities..."

Holy Homos: This blog was created to help highlight the different levels of acceptance of homosexuality and gay marriage within different religions. The goal of this project is not to make any one religion look better or worse, nor to change anyone’s view points on religion or homosexuality. We simply want to provide some information and links.

To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available! 

Same-Sex Marriage

Major World Religions on the Question of Marriage. - Religious views on same-sex marriage (Wikipedia). - Church of Scotland against gay marriage law change (2011). - Submission: Same-Sex Couples and the Law (NZ, May 2000). - The Quaker Electronic Archive's Page on Same Sex Unions/Issues. - Quakers Lead Way In Same-Sex Marriage. - Minute of Record on Same-Sex Marriage (Quakers, Canada). - Quaker views of homosexuality. - On Same-Sex Marriage: Adopted by the 107th Annual Convention of the Central Conference of American Rabbis (1996). - A Zen Buddhist Perspective on Same-Gender Marriage. - Dalai Lama attacks anal, oral and 'manual' sex. - Hawai'i Council of Churches: Statement on Same Gender Marriage. - Kaleikoa Kaeo: "I am talking not just about granting lesbians and gays the right to marry, but about re-imagining the institution of marriage. - LGBT APA Family Portraits: In the heated debate over gay rights, LGBT APAs caught in a ‘social twilight’ are defining their own meaning of love and family. - Vatican condemns Spain gay bill: The Vatican, under the new leadership of Pope Benedict XVI, has condemned a Spanish government bill allowing marriage between homosexuals. Jews and Muslims back Pope over gay rights. - Same-Sex Marriage: Crisis in Society, Summons to the Church

Focus on the Family Position Statement on Same-Sex "Marriage" and Civil Unions.(Alternate Link) - Same-sex marriage: conservative Christian positions. - Homosexual Marriage? - Keep Marriage As It Should Be. - Can Same-Sex marriage be Stopped? - A Conservative Christian Case for Civil Same-Sex Marriage. - The Debate Over Same Sex Marriage: A Discussion of Martha Barnette's Letter. - Same-Sex "Marriage": Should America Allow "Gay Rights" Activists to Cross The Last Cultural Frontier? - Wedding Bell Blues: Understanding the Same-Sex Marriage Debate (PDF Download). - Is Peggy Campolo Right? Is Homosexual ‘Love’ Like Marriage? - Gay Rights, Gay Marriage, Homophobia: Ethical, Political Issues. - Same-Sex Unions World-Wide: A History Ignored By Opponents Of Gay Marriage. Preliminary Survey (2004) by D. Michael Quinn.

Same-Sex Marriage: A History of the Law - Nolo. - Same-sex marriage law in the United States by state (Wikipedia). - Text of an address on gay marriage, given by Iowa Rep. Ed Fallon before the Iowa House of Representatives, on 20 February 1996. - Same Sex Marriage - Should Homosexuals Marry? - The Trend Toward Same-Sex Marriage. - Same-Sex Marriage Resources at Erratic Impact. - Same-Sex Marriage by ReligiousTolerace.org. - American Anglican Council: Bibliography on Marriage & Sexuality. - Holy Union Resources (Presbyterian).

Same-Sex Marriage: A History of the Law - Nolo. - Text of an address on gay marriage, given by Iowa Rep. Ed Fallon before the Iowa House of Representatives, on 20 February 1996. - Same Sex Marriage - Should Homosexuals Marry? - Should Gay Couples Be Allowed to Marry? - The Trend Toward Same-Sex Marriage. - Domestic Partners and Same Sex Marriage by Gayscape. - Same-Sex Marriage Resources at Erratic Impact. - Same-Sex Marriage by ReligiousTolerace.org. - American Anglican Council: Bibliography on Marriage & Sexuality. - Holy Union Resources (Presbyterian). - Same-Sex Marriage: A Selective Bibliography of the Legal Literature (2012).

Homosexualidad Pautas para una pastoral para Homosexuales (2010, Rev. Rubén Antonio Castillo Mendoza, Translation

The Religious Right

Groups Promoting "Healing" from "homosexuality."  - Out of Homosexuality: A Pastor's Story by Rev. John Howard as told to Bob Davies. (Alternate Link) - Christian Research Institute Journal: "That Which is Unnatural" Homosexuality in Society, the Church, and Scripture  - Homosexuality: Fact and Fiction. - Can Religion change your sexuality? (Alternate Link) - Is There Really Such A Thing As Ex-Gay? An Evaluation of the Evangelical Ex-Gay Movement in America based on the author's own experiences as an "ex-gay," and...  (PDF Download). - Former ex-gay minister {Jeremy Marks] to speak at San Diego conference: Gay Evangelicals hope to unite gay affirming churches at annual event N/A. - Ex-gay, transformational Ministries aimed at gays and lesbians. - Thirteen Theories to "Cure" Homosexuality.

Fighting Words: A Toolkit for Combating the Religious Right. -  Religion and religious political activism Links: Pro/Anti-Gay. - Victim Wars. - Apocalyptus Interruptus: Christian Fundamentalists, Sodomy, and the End. (Alternate Link) Presented at Boston University's Center for Millennial Studies (Dec. 1998) by Dr. Thomas L. Long.

Attacks on gay and lesbian churches. - Heathens, Hypocrites and Homosexuality - Gays - No Easy Answers:  A Christian Response. -  Bridges across the divide. - Gay Spirituality: About Spirituality For Gays And Lesbians And Everyone Else Who Fall Between The Cracks.

Roman Catholicism

L'Osservatore Romano Reprint: Christian Anthropology and Homosexuality. - Vatican Documents concerning homosexuals.Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith: Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Pastoral care of Homosexual Persons. - Roman Catholic U.S. bishops say" :Love your gay kids!" - Gays try to clarify their roles in church. - Tell-All Book Creates Furor at Vatican. - You can be a Gay/Lesbian and Catholic at the same time! - Catholicism - isn't that a gay thing? - GALHA vice-president in the forefront of the fight against Catholic-inspired homophobia: "GALHA's energetic vice-president Michael Cashman is in the forefront of the fight against the homophobia which still exists in some European states - notably ultra-Catholic Lithuania and Poland: MEPs demand EU clampdown on homophobia - Friday, 13 January 2006 - The European Parliament is calling for tough action against EU member states that fail to uphold the human rights of homosexuals..." - Catholicism: isn't that a gay thing? - Bishops oppose bill on gays in textbooks (2011).

Roman Catholic Church and Homosexuality. - Catholic viewpoints on homosexuality. - Catholic Church and Homosexuality. - Homosexuality & Catholic Doctrine.  - Vatican condems human rights for lesbian and gay people. - Sexual Ethics & Homosexuality in Catholic Moral Theology N/A. - Boston's Episcopal Bishops Rip Catholic Church on Homosexuality. - Lesbian/Gay Ministry in the Catholic Church: A Vision for the Future (PDF Download). - The Challenge of Honesty: Gays, Lesbians and the Catholic Church.

Priest Denies Gays' Supporters Communion. - Ecclesiastical Plebiscite "We Are Church" - Catholic Catechism statements on the topic of homosexuality. - Catholic Catechism on Homosexuality. - A note concerning the teaching of the Catholic Church concerning homosexual people. - Catholic theologians challenge leaders to discuss gay issues N/A. - Gay Catholics denied Communion found guilty: church `homophobia' decried from the bench. - Gays Challenge Catholic Church Clergy Refused Communion in Prior Years.

Homosexuality Among Catholic Priests. - Homosexuality and Catholic Priests. - What RICO lawsuits could mean for the Catholic Church in the United States. - Study: Catholic priests notice gay cliques. - 'Gay' culture in Catholic Church grows: Priest says scandal really about homosexuality, not pedophilia. - Catholic church alarmed that priesthood is becoming a 'gay profession'. - Breaking-Ground for Gays in Catholic Church.

Vatican official opposes ordaining gays. - Scotland: Priest applicants to be screened. - Gay seminarians aren't welcome in Philly. - Openly Addressing the Reality: Homosexuality and the Catholic Seminary Policies. - Past Out: How gay was the medieval Christian clergy? - Homosexuality and admission to the priesthood. - When it is not proper to admit to the priesthood. - The Gay Priest Problem. - The Catholic Church and the Blame Game.

U.S. Catholic bishops clarify core doctrines: "One document deals with guidelines for ministering to "persons with a homosexual inclination." "Homosexual acts are never morally acceptable. Such acts never lead to happiness," he said, because they are "intrinsically disordered," meaning they are not directed to the bonds of marriage and the goal of procreation that are "part of God's design. But having an inclination that is disordered does not in any way diminish human worth." "All of us are damaged by original sin, and all of us have desires disordered in various ways," he said."

Vatican gay document prompts criticism: "A new Vatican document on homosexuality in the Catholic priesthood touched off a storm of criticism on Wednesday from those who say the Church is missing the point and using gays as scapegoats for its sex scandals." - Roman Catholic bishops approve new guidelines on gay ministry. - Survivor: Vatican: under Pope Benedict XVI, the Roman Catholic Church is jumping at the chance to drive gay priests from its ranks. The move continues to divide the church

GLBT protest targets Catholic hierarchy. - European ads attack Vatican condom ban. - Bishops say U.N. is pushing gay rights. - United Nations continues gay group ban. - Theses on Homosexuality in Modern Catholicism. - Homosexuality and the Hope Statement of the Catholic Medical Association (PDF Download).  - Hispanics support church teachings on abortion, homosexuality.

Coming Out’ as a Catholic School Teacher. - Catholic Schools and Homosexuality. - University Catholic Center opens discussion on homosexuality. - Always Our Children: A Pastoral Message to Parents of Homosexual Children and Suggestions for Pastoral Ministers. - Catholic student sues school district: Says officials violated rights by muzzling criticism of homosexuality. - Homosexuality and the Catholic high school. - Gay law reforms to hit Queensland Catholic schools. - German Catholic Church won't allow gay employees to marry.

Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Catholic Handbook. (Alternate Link) - Catholicism, homosexuality, and Dignity. - Gay and Lesbian Catholicism. - Associació Cristiana de Gais i Lesbianes. - Dignity/USA. - Homosexuality and the Church: Gay and Lesbian Family Ministry. - Adelaide Cathedral administrator calls for Church blessing of homosexual unions.

Being Wrong and Telling the Truth: a gay perspective (Millennium Lecture by James Alison – St Joseph’s in the Village, Thursday 30 th May 2002: Word Download): "I have been invited to continue developing in your midst some of the ideas with which I grappled in my recent book Faith beyond Resentment: fragments catholic and gay. In particular, a member of the Parish asked whether I would address the issue of what it means to say that the Church is wrong on the gay issue."

John J.  McNeill: "For more than twenty-five years, John J. McNeill, an ordained priest and psychotherapist, has been devoting his life to spreading the good news of God's love for lesbian and gay Christians. One year after the publication of The Church and the Homosexual (1976), McNeill received an order from the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in the Vatican ordering him to silence in the public media. He observed the silence for nine years while continuing a private ministry to gays and lesbians which included psychotherapy, workshops, lectures and retreats. In 1988, he received a further order from Cardinal Ratzinger directing him to give up all ministry to gay persons which he refused to do in conscience. As a result, he was expelled by the Vatican from the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) for challenging the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church on the issue of homosexuality, and for refusing to give up his ministry and psychotherapy practice to gay men and lesbians. McNeill had been a Jesuit for nearly 40 years..."

Catholic Educator's Resource Center: - Homosexuality Issues. (A weath of article, but not pro-gay) - HLI to the Supreme Court: Gay Scout Leaders are the First Step towards taking away our Moral Rights N/A! - Proof of the Boy Scouts Policy on Homosexuality. - The Roman Catholic Church & BSA Policy. - Apostolate to the homosexual. - Vatican Condemns Homosexuality as Intrinsically Evil - 22-Year U.S. Roman Catholic Ministry to Gays Ended - Priest and Nun Barred Forever from Ministering to Gays. - Catholic Church backs 'cure for gays' - theage.com.au.

The National Association of Catholic Diocesan Lesbian and Gay Ministries (NACDLGM, Formed in1994): In the News. - 2003 National Conference. -  National Conferences 2004, 2005, 2006, 2008. - Resource Links. - Los Angeles Lay Catholic Mission: Articles. - The Whole Turth Please. - Rainbow Sash Movement (USA, with listing of related articles in the press): RSM Core Vision: "Bringing the Gifts, the Witness and the Challenge of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people into the Heart of the Church."

Homosexuality and Catholicism: A Partially Annotated Bibliography. - Catholicism and Homosexuality Bibliography: Basic Data. - Homosexuality and Catholicism Bibliography: Section XIII Lesbian and Gay Catholic Novels, Short Stories and Plays. - Catholic Bibliography on Homosexuality. - Catholic Books On Homosexuality. - New Oxford Review: Articles. - Catholic Gay Activist Needs 'Courage'.

Dignity/USA's Links to Other Organizations. - Dignity Links. - QRD Catholic Links. - Dignity Canada

To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!  


Anglican bishops denounce homosexual relations. - Anglican Bishops Maintain Stance On Homosexuality. - Anglican Primates Affirm Stand On Homosexuality. - New Anglican catechism suggests homosexuality may be 'divinely ordered'. - Homosexuality a divine plan? -  Homosexuality is divinely ordered, says Anglican catechism. (Related Article) - UK Church Leaders Consider Homosexuality Compromise. - Andreas Whittam Smith - Homosexuality is neither a white man's disease nor a sin. - Background of Anglican Church in regard to same-sex union. - First Anglican 'gay wedding' infuriates traditionalists. - Anglican Church of England Will Allow Gay Clergy to “Marry”.

New Archbishop of Canterbury on Homosexuality. - Episcopal Church Reaffirms Position on Homosexuality: "The Episcopal Church which, for almost 40 years has pushed the normalcy of homosexuality, reaffirmed its position both theologically and practically for the ordination of homosexual persons to all orders of ministry, and appealed, once again, to remain in the worldwide Anglican Communion of some 78 million Anglicans." - Dispute over homosexuality not over yet, says Archbishop of Canterbury. - Anglican clerics continue to wrestle over homosexuality.  - Episcopalian Crisis: Authority, Homosexuality & the Future of Anglicanism, Part II.

New Head Of Anglican Church Both A Blessing And A Curse. - Alliance of Lesbian and Gay Anglicans N/A. - Anglicans Divided on Homosexuality N/A: "Conservative Anglican bishops from around the world are proposing a crackdown on America's Episcopal Church because of its toleration of homosexuality." - Homosexuality debate could split Anglican Church. - Boston's Episcopal Bishops Rip Catholic Church on Homosexuality. - Group 'prepared to respond' if Episcopal Church affirms gay bishop.

New Gay Episcopal Bishop Furor. - Gay issues slowly erode Episcopal membership. - At Axis of Episcopal Split, an Anti-Gay Nigerian. - Connecticut Episcopal Bishop Authorizes Priests to Bless Gay Unions. - Episcopal leader holds firm on gay rights: Says N.H. bishop's election a blessing. - US Episcopal bishops say anti-gay sanctions harm the gospel

Issue of homosexuality looks certain to tear Anglican Church apart. - Homosexuality: A (Sydney) Anglican Approach. - Australian Anglicanism Into the present: Anglicanism and Homosexuality in the 1970s. - Anglican Church releases report on homosexuality (Australia).

Southern African archbishop addresses homosexuality. - SA Archbishop says homosexuality must be addressed. - Anglican Church to debate gay marriage. - Statement on Homosexuality by the Anglican Province of Rwanda. - Congolese Anglican Church condemns homosexuality.

The Worlwide Anglican Communion and Homosexuality. - The Anglican Church of Canada and Homosexuality.- Valid process crucial to debating homosexuality issue' (Canada) - Bishop Spong's Message to the Anglican Communion on Homosexuality. - Resources for Reconciliation. - The American Anglican Council : Homosexuality In The Light Of Reason (US: Home Page). - Anglican Pages of Louie Crew: Resources. - The American Anglican Council : Summing up the Lambeth Conference.

The Episcopal Church and Homosexuality. - Some Considerations of Homosexuality and the Episcopal Church. - Homosexuality: How the economics and politics of Singapore have shaped the Anglican Diocese and its role in the Province of South East Asia. (Alternate Link) - Top Anglican's gay stance alarms conservatives. 

United Church

United Church of Christ and homosexuality.  - The United Church of Canada and homosexuality. - The United Church of Canada and homosexuality. - Resolution Concerning the Prevention of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth Suicide as Adopted by the 1999 United Church of Christ General Synod. - Homosexuality: This has been the big issue in the United Church since March 1988. - Boy Scout policy threatens church ties. - Homosexuality back on United Church agenda: Niagara Presbytery seeks referendum on recent policy changes. - Homosexuality: God’s Ways or Our Ways? - Chronology of Actions in the UCC on the Ordination of Gay and Lesbian People.

Calgary United church 'comes out' to welcome gays: "Knox United, one of Calgary's oldest religious institutions, has opened its doors to the city's gay community. The church will hold a special service Sunday marking its decision to become an "affirming ministry." The designation means it will actively welcome people of all sexual orientations into every aspect of church life." - United Church launches racy advertising campaign: "A new $10.5 million advertising campaign is being launched by The United Church of Canada in an attempt to spark debate about hot button religious issues like gay marriage and sexual boundaries." - Issues in the Uniting Church in Australia: Homosexuality and Ministry in the Uniting Church.

US Church backs same-sex marriage: The million-strong United Church of Christ (UCC) has become the first major US Christian denomination to come out in support of gay marriage. - United Church of Christ backs gay nuptials. -  CBS, NBC refuse to air church's television advertisement.  - Australia'a United Church backs gay priests: "The Uniting Church now faces a major split after its national assembly today voted to allow practising homosexuals to be ordained as priests. The vote was overwhelming, with 75 per cent in favour. And now there are reports that at least one unnamed state will form a breakaway movement."

The UCC Coalition for LGBT Concerns (Cleveland, Ohio):  "In 1985, the General Synold of the United Church of Christ accepted a resolution that called on congregations to declare themselves open to and affirming of gay, lesbian and bisexual people in the full life and ministry of the church. In response and to shepherd churches in this process, the organization that would later be named The UCC Coalition for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Concerns began offering guidance and resources, and establishing the means by which congregations might fulfill this resolution."

Coming Out of Exile ((2012):Conference and Annual General Meeting... Conference Theme: Coming Out of Exile recalls the experiences of LGBTQ Christians and allies as “strangers in a strange land,” exiled from our family and friends, our faith, and even from ourselves. Despite its pain, exile has been a time rich with creativity and spirituality. In exile, we have learned resilience. As we come out of exile, God calls us to new places. We ally ourselves with brothers and sisters everywhere who still live in exile. We challenge exclusion and injustice. We continue to engage in courageous conversations with one another across differences.

Centenary Queen Square United Church Gay and Lesbian Library.


More Light Presbyterians: Religious splinter group seeks to make the Presbyterian Church more accepting of gays and lesbians. (Resources) The Journal of Homosexuality, a leading scholarly journal in gay and lesbian studies, has published "The Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movement in the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), 1974-1996," by James D. Anderson (volume 34, no. 2, 1997, pp. 37-65).  - Presbyterian decisions back gays - gay clergey and same-sex marriage: "A Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) tribunal ruled November 22 that a group of South Jersey churches did not violate church laws by accepting a gay man as a candidate for ordination. The ruling, which opponents vowed to appeal, keeps alive the infighting over homosexuality that has plagued mainline Protestant denominations throughout the 1990s."

Presbyterian Church (USA) and Homosexuality. - Presbyterian Church Continues Battle Over Homosexuality. - Presbyterians to vote on gay issue today: "A group of local Presbyterian churches will decide today whether to encourage its governing body to open the way to ordain gays and lesbians, an issue that has been dividing this and other mainline denominations for years." - The New Presbyterian Catechisms, approved for 5-year study and use by the Presbyterian General Assembly, 1998, in Charlotte, North Carolina. - Presbyterian Parents of Gays and Lesbians, Inc N/A. - That All May Freely Serve. - Presbyterian Gayman.

Deanna Tiefenthal reviews progress on GLBT issues in the year just ended : 2000. - Presbyterian battle over homosexuality still unresolved. - Salvation, homosexuality rock Presbyterian confab: Pastor says, 'This is the end of the church as we know it': "At the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) General Assembly this month, delegates from across the country and around the world voted to remove the ban on ordination of homosexuals, sending shock waves throughout the denomination. But an even bigger issue is simultaneously in question: salvation of humanity through Jesus Christ." - Presbyterian Church faces departure of some members: As in other denominations, gay issues playing role in split. "Struggles over homosexuality, scriptural authority and doctrine are straining the Pittsburgh Presbytery, as one of its largest congregations prepares to leave and a minister prepares for another battle after marrying a lesbian couple."

Presbyterian Church (USA): No Actively Gay Pastors: "The Presbyterian Church (USA) narrowly voted July 2 to maintain its sexuality standards for church officers, a significant defeat for gays and lesbians who want to serve as pastors and elders. Delegates to the church's General Assembly in Richmond, Virginia, decided by just four votes — 259-255 — to keep intact a 1978 policy that prohibits "unrepentant homosexual practice" among church officers in the 2.5 million-member church." - Gay Presbyterian minister ordained in N.Y. - Presbyterian Church lets locals decide on gay clergy. - American Presbyterian Church Adopts Policy on Gay People: It would allow gay people to become religious leaders. - Presbyterian Church debates issue of gay elders: "he Episcopal Church isn't the only denomination debating gay issues — the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church (USA) faces a similar conflict, theologically and politically, at its assembly Thursday in Birmingham, Ala. Can a local church ordain a gay elder when the denominational constitution forbids it?" - Presbyterian Court Rejects Gay Ministry Candidates

Search GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Search BGLAD. - Search the QRD. - Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search Google.com. - Search Google Scholar. - Search Google's G:LBT Directory. - MSN Search. - Search findarticles.com: many full text articles and papers.

Academic Searches: Search IngentaConnect: The most comprehensive collection of academic and professional publications. - Search Project Muse: Scholarly Journals Online. - Search JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Search The National Library of Medicine.


Rainbow Baptists: American Baptists Concerned for Sexual Minorities and Honesty - Southern Baptists support and advocacy group. - Baptist Resources. - Sixth Annual Gay and Lesbian Baptist Retreat (October, 2002). Southern Baptist Convention and Homosexuality. - Homosexuality: Southern Baptist position. (Alternate Link) - Homosexuality:Another (Baptist/Biblical) Approach. - What do the leaders of the BGCT believe about homosexuality. - BGCT actions regarding homosexuality, 1991-2000.  - American Baptist Church accepts homosexual pastors.

Gay Baptist church, possibly the first, finds a home in Phila. - Gay Baptist Church Opens. - Gay & Baptist: Students divided on church's stance on gays and lesbians. Atlanta Association still reeling over debate on two gay-friendly churches. - Fred Phelps and the Westboro Baptist Church: In Their Own Words. - Gay activists plan civil disobedience for Baptist convention. - Gay rights activists arrested at meeting N/A. - Pro-Gay Baptist Church To Be Ousted.

Text of Cooperative Baptist Fellowship policy on homosexuality. - Cooperative Baptist Fellowship upholds policy against homosexuality. - Statements and Resolutions by Southern Baptist Leaders and the SBC about Homosexuality and Homosexuals. - Gay acceptance divides churches N/A: While a Granville church opens its doors, a Worthington church condemns the lifestyle.

Gays who Grew up Southern Baptist to Distribute Pro-Gay Bible Studies at 2005 Southern Baptist Convention.

The Baptist State Convention of North Carolina and homosexuality. - Stance on homosexual behavior slated for N.C. vote in Nov.: "The proposal was framed by a seven-member committee created to follow through on a motion adopted at the convention’s annual meeting last November instructing the board of directors “to develop and implement a policy" that would "deal clearly with homosexual behavior,” including a stipulation “that a church which knowingly affirms, approves, or endorses homosexual behavior is a church not in friendly cooperation with the Convention." Mark Harris, pastor of First Baptist Church in Charlotte, chaired the committee." - Baptist group poised to bar gay-friendly churches. - Churches break with N.C. convention over homosexuality.

Rev. Lonnie Latham - Hypocrisy and Corruption in the Pulpit. - Rev. Lonnie Latham: Another Victim of the Southern Baptist Lie Regarding Homosexuality. - Related New Updates. - Baptist figure acquitted of gay sex charge: "Latham's attorney, Mack Martin, argued during the trial that it is not illegal for consenting adults to engage in private homosexual acts, so a request to participate in such an act is not illegal."

The CBF Circle of Friends: Religious Voices Advocate Homosexuality. - Integrating my faith and homosexuality. 


The Assemblies of God and Homosexuality. - The LDS Restorationist movement: The LDS Church & homosexuality. - The Assemblies of God's position on homosexual relationships. - This statement on homosexuality and the Bible was approved as the official statement by the General Presbytery of the Assemblies of God on August 6, 2001. - This statement is the report of the committee to study homosexuality. The report was adopted by the Assemblies of God General Presbytery, August 14, 1979. - Private Pain, Public Purges: A History of Homosexuality at Brigham Young University. (Alternate Link). - Homosexuality and The Church of Jesus Christ: Understanding Homosexuality According to the Doctrine of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Booklet teaches Mormon parents how to help their gay children (2012): Loving parents can help children avoid suicidal thoughts, booklet says... Teenage son, head hung down, tells his devout Mormon parents he is gay. Mom says, "You are dead to me." Dad looks away with barely concealed disgust. Son moves out and joins the hordes of homeless LGBT teens. Eventually, he takes his own life. This is no exaggeration. It is a scenario replayed over and over in the Mormon world. Now, researchers say, there are techniques to ensure that the destructive pattern can be broken — without giving up LDS teachings or gay self-esteem. "Parents’ attitudes can have a dramatic impact on their gay and transgender children’s lives," reads a just-released booklet titled "Supportive Families, Healthy Children: Helping Latter-day Saint Families With Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Children." "Parents and caregivers who are capable of even a little change - being a little less rejecting and a little more supportive  can make an important difference in reducing their adolescent’s risk for serious health problems, including suicide and HIV."

LDS playwright discusses church, homosexuality: Carol Lynn Pearson speaks of her latest play, her faith and caring for her gay husband after he contracted AIDS: "Pearson is still active in the LDS church but views herself as a "maverick" and a "pioneer" sent here to help people understand gay issues. "Since I published 'Goodbye, I Love You,' I have heard from many hundreds of gay people and their families and just those who wanted to thank me for helping them better to understand a difficult subject. I also have gay friends of my own from long ago. Certainly my experiences with all of these people have let me know that we are not yet where we need to be on gay issues. There is still too much misinformation, lack of compassion and fear," Pearson said. Pearson's inspiration for "Facing East" was "writing what you know." The play is about a Mormon couple trying to cope and understand their gay son's suicide. Stuck between their undying faith and their new reality, they meet their son's partner, Marcus. Pearson feels very strongly about the chasm between religion and homosexuality..."

Latter-day politics: Mormon Church supports California's anti-gay-marriage measure. - Mormon church issues statement against gay marriage just before vote on ban. - Local gay Mormon faces excommunication: Hearing triggered after man marries partner: "Homosexuality is not considered a sin within the LDS church, but homosexual behavior is, according to Olin Thomas, executive director of Affirmation, a gay Mormon group." - Mormon / LDS Chronology Of Involvement In Same-Sex Marriage Politics.  - Same Sex Temple Sealings: Did the Early LDS Church Embrace Homosexual Relationships? Nineteenth-Century LDS temple rituals included the practice of “sealing” men to men. While modern church authorities have nearly eradicated all evidence of this arcane practice, some historians cite it as evidence that the early church embraced homosexual relationships — but are they right? ..."

The SL Tribune Joins the Chorus: "I promise, one of these days, I really will write about something else. But I keep running into more discussions of this topic, which I feel compelled to share. Perhaps in reply to Thursday's NY Times article about gay men in straight marriages (which I discussed yesterday), Friday the Salt Lake Tribune published an article about "mixed orientation" marriages, with the optimistic headline, "Mixed-orientation LDS couples count on commitment, work and love to beat the odds." The article's basic message is this: gay men, just admit you're gay before you get married, convince yourself that sex doesn't matter all that much, and you too can have a conventional Mormon marriage! Women, just accept that your husband is gay and will never want you the way he wants men, convince yourself that sex doesn't matter all that much, and you too can have a conventional Mormon marriage!..."

Gay LDS men detail challenges: 3 who are married give some insights to therapist group: "A group of Latter-day Saint counselors and therapists got some up-close insight Thursday during a panel discussion at the Joseph Smith Memorial Building into the challenges faced by gay LDS men who marry. Speaking to a standing-room-only audience, three LDS couples described their experiences with their heterosexual marriages, despite the fact that each of the husbands experience what they call same-sex attraction, or SSA. They said while they are basically happy, navigating the emotional and physical aspects of their relationships requires constant hard work. All emphasized that marriage is not a "cure" for same-sex attraction..."

Mormon Family Values: "Publicly, the church loves the sinner but hates the sin. "People inquire about our position on those who consider themselves so-called gays and lesbians," remarked LDS president Gordon B. Hinckley. "My response is that we love them as sons and daughters of God." As former insiders, the Hardys contend that the church establishment is obsessed with good press and intent upon creating an image of a mainstream Christian religion--a goal it plans to pursue as the television networks cast their soft-focus lenses on Salt Lake City during the winter Olympics this February. The Hardys, meanwhile, are determined to let the world know what lies behind the church's rhetorical niceties. David Hardy scoffs at Hinckley's profession of tolerance. "We were forced to make a decision that no parent should be forced to make," he says, "to abandon one's child or one's faith."

Mormon uni eases anti-gay policy: "Mormon-owned Brigham Young University has eased its punitive policy on gay students, a small but significant change one student said would help to relax a "Gestapo atmosphere" on campus. Prompted by gay BYU students, the university last week changed its honor code to read, "Sexual orientation is not an Honor Code issue. However, the Honor Code requires all members of the university community to manifest a strict commitment to the law of chastity," the Salt Lake Tribune reported Tuesday. Previously, the code read, "Advocacy of a homosexual lifestyle (whether implied or explicit) or any behaviors that indicate homosexual conduct, including those not sexual in nature . . . violate the Honor Code.""

Dahl, Angie L (2011). Sexual and Religious Identity Development Among Adolescent and Emerging Adult Sexual Minorities. All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. Paper 995. PhD Dissertation, Utah State University, Logan, Utah. PDF Download. Download Page. Eight adolescents (15-18 years) and 11 emerging adults (19-24 years) who identified as both LGBTQA and having been raised in an active Christian religious tradition participated in the study... Findings from the current study supported three broad themes and several subthemes. Early in their development, participants described a behavioral religious participation and early awareness of their same-sex attractions. The young adult participants also shared a tendency to deny their attractions. During their middle phase of experiences, participants often self-labeled as LGBTQA. Religiously, participants shared they questioned their beliefs yet continued their religious participation. A proportion of the participants indicated experiencing guilt, conflict, and mental health difficulties, which many participants related to their emerging sexual orientation and religious involvement. The late experiences, which often coincided with sharing a same-sex attracted label with friends and/or family members, was marked by a religious disengagement, social consequences, self-acceptance, and personal values clarification. Using the participants’ own words these findings are presented, along with possible implications and suggestions for future research.

God's Love-Our Witness, a gay Adventist Christian resource: "Many of our Adventist members are single, and others are married. Some have never acted on their attraction to their own gender. Others have spent more than 30 years immersed in the gay culture of one of our big cities and then come back to the Adventist church they learned to love when they were young. What binds us together is our common goal to make Christ first in our lives as we look forward to His glorious Second Advent." - Seventh-day Adventist Homosexuality Resources.  - The Hypocrites of Homosexuality.

Mormons Mobilize Against Church Leaders: LDS Safe Space Coalition to Send Flowers as an Expression of Dissent: "Many members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints were alarmed to hear political calls over church pulpits throughout the United States on May 28th urging members to contact their Senators in support of an anti-gay federal Marriage Amendment." - Mormon Senator Asks for Support in Defeating Anti-Gay Amendment. - The Logical Next Step: Affirming Same-Sex Relationships.

SDA Kinship International (Seventh Day Adventists)Homosexuality: Another Adventist Point of View: "This paper is dedicated to Seventh-day Adventist pastors, educators, health care professionals, and laity that continue to risk their careers, reputations, and livelihood on behalf of gay and lesbian Adventists throughout the world." - Nothing in the world is quite like growing up a Seventh-day Adventist and then discovering you are gay. - To Be Gay - And Mormon: As a pious churchgoer, Stuart Matis prayed and worked to change his sexual orientation. He died trying (Newsweek, 2000).

LDS Reconciliation: A resource for gay mormon men, women and their families: "This site is not only for you as a gay mormon but for your families as well, to open up dialog and begin the understanding of what being gay mormon is and how gay reconciliation and gay spirituality can be achieved in a gospel of love."

Affirmation: Gay and Lesbian Mormons. -

Vigil-Related Research Result Summaries For Journalists and Others

Gay Mormon: A collection and directory of information regarding homosexuality and The Church of the Latter-Day Saints (Mormon).

Theology Case Studies Dealing With It

Coming Out

Getting Out

Staying In


Gay LDS Young Adults (GLYA). -

Mormon, gay, and sane: "While reading your story on how boyfriends Stephen Shroy and Aaron Cloward and others have survived the Mormon Church ["Mormons on a Mission," April 12], I am reminded of how resilient we gay people are. Plant us in the arid soil of Mormonism, Roman Catholicism, Protestant fundamentalism, Orthodox Judaism, even Islam, and many of us grow and prosper. We are file finest examples of how the human spirit can survive even the most inhospitable of environments."

Gay Mormons in love: "The filmmaker and cast behind "Latter Days" are on a mission: to get as many people as possible in to see their little film. It's a sometime drama, sometime romantic comedy about two young men who find each other, love each other, and deal with the consequences of love's often messy aftermath. And, oh yeah: one of the men is a Mormon." - Utah Premiere of Gay Mormon Film Cancelled. - Gay Escort: Hunky, Likes Vaudeville, Mormon Background: "Who would have thought that the Mormon Church could be a perfect training ground for a life of prostitution? In the autobiographical solo show "Confessions of a Mormon Boy," a hit at the 2004 New York International Fringe Festival, Steven Fales, a sixth-generation Mormon, describes his losing battle against his homosexual impulses." - A Gay Mormon Survives His Faith, Drugs, And Escorting: An Interview with Steven Fales, Creator and Star of Confessions of a Mormon Boy. - Confessions of a Mormon Boy Web Site


The Mennonite Churches and Homosexuality. - Homosexuality and the Mennonite Church. - Mennonite church expelled for accepting gays. - Where does Mennonite Church Canada stand? A report on our understanding of the church’s position regarding same-sex issues (PDF Download). - Statements of Mennonite Conferences, Boards, and Committees on Homosexuality (1985-2004). - The Church and Homosexuality: Lancaster Conference of the Mennonite Church. Adopted by Conference Leadership Assembly on September 19, 1997.

Conservative Mennonite Conference: Statement on Homosexuality. - Homosexuality and the Bible: A Case Study in the Use of the Bible for Ethics. - Resolution on the Issue of Homosexuality (Conference of Mennonites in Canada, 1998): a CMEO Source Document.

Homosexuality: A compassionate yet firm response (2004, Canadian Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches, PDF Download): "We encourage all homosexuals to give up their lifestyle and find healing in Christ. We call on all persons who struggle with questions of sexual impropriety to find release through forgiveness and transformed living."

John M.  Linscheid: "John came out as a gay man to his family and a few friends in the late 1970s but remained publicly closeted. In the early 1980s, John wrote a number of pro-gay articles for the Brethren Mennonite Council for Gay Concerns (BMC). In 1983, he became one of the first Mennonite pastors in the United States to come out publicly. The congregation, divided on how to respond, decided to retain him as pastor on an interim basis. However, the district conference demanded John’s ouster as a condition for continued funding. In May 1984, John left Lawrence. Although John had been approved for ordination (he had been licensed until then), his coming out brought a cancellation of plans for that step."

Brethren Mennonite Council for Lesbian and Gay Concerns. - Mennonites and the “Homosexual” Issue:  A Recent History. - Welcome Committee Mennonites Working to Increase Dialogue on Gay and Lesbian Inclusion. - Welcome Committee: Mennonites Working to Increase Dialogue on Gay and Lesbian Inclusion. - The Urgent Homosexual Agenda: On several occasions, this column has addressed the question of homosexuality. Because of some major developments in society, increased questioning among Christians and pressures on the traditional family, we do well to visit this matter again. - Assembly Mennonite Church, Inclusion Ministry Team: promotes the full participation in Assembly's congregational life of gay and lesbian Christians through raising awareness and understanding of sexual orientation in all its complexity. - Healing and Reconciliation Team (HaRT): Report to the Congregation of Toronto United Mennonite Church - Our goal for the year: To enable people to accept different convictions on sexuality and still be one church community, remembering that as Christians we have much in common with one another. - YAR: a loose affiliation of self-identified young Anabaptist radicals.

Mennonites also face the gay issue. - The continuing homosexual issue. - Gentle strategies toward unity on the "h-issue": Where Mennonite Church USA is now, and what should happen next. - Lancaster Conference and Gay Mennonites. - Mennonite Council for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Interests  denied booth space at 2007 Mennonite conference. - Fifteen Reasons Why I Have Changed My Mind. - Coming Out Strong (2010): Information and Resources for LGBTQA Brethren and Mennonite Youth.

The queer radical Mennonite conundrum: "’m going to do a spin-off from the speech I pointed you all to last week. So here is the conundrum. I grew up Mennonite. I went to a lovely, nurturing, happy, rural church (East Union Mennonite Church) where I was baptized at 16. I went to a Mennonite summer camp (Crooked Creek Christian Camp) for quite a few years and loved it. I went to many a Mennonite bi-annual conference as my parents were youth leaders for many years and when I was in high school. I went to a Mennonite high school (Iowa Mennonite School) where I learned lovely things about Mennonite history and faith along with the English and Trig. I served for a year with Mennonite Central Committee (SALT) in South Africa. I spent four formative years at Goshen College. I highly value every one of these institutions as they have played a major part in my formation. Those institutions represent an integral part of almost my entire life. The problem arises when I realize that every single one of these institutions would discriminate against me if I were to want to work for them or even volunteer for them as an openly queer Mennonite..."

Nonviolence and Nonconformity the Mennonite Way: Colette DeDonato talks with Pastor Sheri Hostetler: "There were so many topics that were off-limits within the mainstream Mennonite periodicals. For instance, it would be impossible to this day to imagine a mainstream Mennonite publication printing an article by a gay or lesbian person who was out and proud of it, or a woman who had had an abortion and felt that that was an appropriate moral choice... Mainstream Mennonites have tended to be socially progressive and theologically conservative. But having said that, there is an incredibly wide variety within the Mennonite Church. Our own congregation—and we are certainly not the only one—would identify itself as progressive in both social thought and theology. We participate in antiwar marches and debate the divinity of Jesus. But there are Mennonites back in my home congregation in Ohio who listen to Pat Robertson, believe that George Bush is a wonderful Christian, and think the Bible needs to be taken literally—whatever that means. I often wonder what keeps this incredibly disparate group of people together... That said, I’m particularly proud of the fact that people who are not culturally Mennonite come to First Mennonite and feel at home there. I think we create a very safe space for people who are gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered, and/or who are questioning some core Christian beliefs. It’s a safe place to be a seeker - someone who doesn’t have all the answers. A number of people at our church are refugees from more conservative denominations."

Homosexuality - 'too much' acceptance -  is related to conflict between Calgary Inter Mennonite Church Council and the Conference of Mennonites of Alberta. (Related 1PDFs: 1, 2).  - What is God doing? Or Where and when I have seen the Holy on the journey: "The thesis related narrative interviews with five men who are gay including the author who is a clergyperson. This person has agreed to live celibate in order to exercise his gifts. My heart was wrenched by the harrowing stories of physical abuse, of emotional trauma caused in part and condoned by collusion the church had played in the violence of silence. This thesis was a timely reminder for me of how much work there is left to do before gay and lesbian brothers and sisters are free to live their lives in an open, life-affirming way. In the Micah passage, I see a vision of peace co-mingled with justice that addresses the violence in our churches when we condemn our gay and lesbian brothers and sisters, or just as seriously, when we are silent in the face of violent and destructive attitudes and actions. - In Conversation: At the Assembly With Paul and Amy

MennoLink Books and Music: Homosexuality. - Fractured Dance: Gadamer and a Mennonite Conflict over Homosexuality - 2001 - by Michael A. King (Related Information) (Foreword to Book) (Review)


Evangelical Lutheran Church In America And Homosexuality. - ELCA Council Declines Study of Ordaining Gay, Lesbian Lutherans. (Alternate Link) - Homosexuality and the Danish Lutheran Church. - The Lutheran Confessions and Homosexuality (PDF Download). - Chronological Timeline of Marriage/Sexuality Developments within the ELCA. - Russian Orthodox Church condemns Lutheran gay weddings. - Swedish lawmakers expected to legalize gay marriage; Lutheran body assents. - Church shifts on gay clergy... Lutheran vote for hold on discipline still up to bishops: At their national convention last week, the 4.7 million member Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) voted to change course and allow pastors like Dale Poland to continue their ministry. The resolution, which passed 538 to 431, called for a moratorium on disciplining gay clergy who lived in "faithful, committed same-gender relationships."

Lutheran Church of Australia: Homosexuality (PDF Download). - Lutheran Church of Australia and Homosexuality. - Homosexuality and the Church. (Accees via Index). - An Evaluation of the Australian Lutheran "Statement on Homosexuality" (1978: PDF Download). - Lutheran Church of Australia.

Lutherans Discuss Homosexuality: Anxieties about how Christians can overcome disagreements on homosexuality emerged during a session attended by 700 delegates at the national legislative assembly of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. - Lutheran church launches study of homosexuality N/A. - Lutheranism: "Lutheran churches vary in their perspective on homosexuality and their response to homosexuals in the church. The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod "believes that the Bible teaches that homosexual behavior is contrary to God's Word and will, and seeks to minister to those who are struggling with homosexual inclinations." {5} The ELCA has not yet taken a defined stand on the issue, but has been conducting a study of the issue in recent years. Its current policy is to welcome homosexual persons to participate fully in its congregations and to encourage open conversations about the issue. The ELCA does not currently bless same-sex marriages nor ordain homosexuals to church positions." - Lutherans and Homosexuality: "The following discussion is archived here from First Things. First is an article by Robert Benne, followed by responses. We wanted to have easy access to this discussion so have reprinted it but this does not imply permission for others to do so. Benne refers to the ELCA sexuality studies called Faithful Journey." - Lutheran youth vote to be gay-friendly: consensus at Lutheran Youth Organization.

New books offer different views on church and homosexuality (2000): The United Methodist Publishing House has released the first two books of a three-part "conversation" regarding homosexuality. Each of the books represents a different viewpoint on the issues surrounding homosexuality and the church. Together, they reflect what is generally labeled as the liberal, conservative and moderate perspectives. Two of the books were published in February, and the third will be published probably in the fall, said Robert Ratcliff, senior editor of professional resources at Abingdon, the agency's book-publishing unit. The books are "part of one conversation" on homosexuality, he said." - Book Center at The Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago. - Review Essays: Faithful Conversations: Christian Perspectives on Homosexuality - 2003 - Edited by James M. Childs Jr..

Lutherans to address issues of homosexuality (2005): " AFTER NEARLY four years--some say 15 years--of discussion the largest U.S. Lutheran denomination will soon hear if it has some practical and moral wisdom for dealing with homosexual issues that have divided other mainline church bodies for decades. The biennial Churchwide Assembly of the 5-million-member Evangelical Lutheran Church in America is expected to decide this summer in Orlando whether to ordain ministers who are in committed homosexual relationships and whether to write a union blessing for gay or lesbian partners." - Lutherans Affirm Ban on Gay Clergy: A national meeting of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America rejected a proposal Friday that would have allowed gays in committed relationships to serve as clergy under certain conditions. - Decision Time for Mainline Lutherans: The nation's largest Lutheran denomination will finally speak with a collective voice this month on whether to allow gay and lesbian pastors and on whether same-sex couples may receive rites of blessing. - Lutheran decision splits on gay clergy: "A Lutheran task force handed a victory to homosexual rights groups yesterday by recommending that although the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America should not change its policy against ordaining homosexual clergy, it should not censure churches that break the rule." - The Lutheran Church - Don't Ask, Don't Tell: "The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America [ELCA] Church Council released its recommendations (PDF) to the denomination's Churchwide Assembly on issues related to sexuality on April 11, 2005, setting the stage for what promises to be one of the most acrimonious debates ever conducted by a denominational organization."

The Rev. James Bischoff, Evangelical Lutheran Church of America: "When Lutheran Pastor James Bischoff revealed to his California congregation in the summer of 1998 that he was gay and in a relationship, the congregation fractured. People took sides; friendships collapsed. By the time Bischoff resigned later that summer, a sizable part of his congregation had moved on, too. Some of those who left chose to attend other area churches. But a small band of dissenters took a radical step. As an act of love, a demonstration of conscience and a protest against the Lutheran church’s policy requiring gay clergy to be celibate, they created an independent Lutheran church and asked Bischoff to serve them..."

Homosexual Lutheran Pastor Charged: "Bradley Schmeling, pastor, St. John’s ECLA, Atlanta, makes known that he is homosexual and now has a partner. The congregation agrees that he should continue as minister. In fact, the parishioners had a party celebrating his formal announcement of partnership with a "lifelong companion." Bishop Ronald Warren, Southeastern Synod, told Schmeling to resign. Schmeling said he would not resign. "Disciplinary proceedings against him for violating church rules barring sex outside of marriage" have begun. That means Schmeling confronts a hearing composed of a dozen ELCA members deciding his fate." - Georgia: Lutherans Remove Gay Pastor. - Pastor Bradley Schmeling disciplinary committee challenges church policy: In a decision made public today, the hearing committee in the disciplinary action against Pastor Bradley Schmeling overwhelmingly affirmed the ministry of Pastor Schmeling and challenged the validity of the policy precluding pastors in same-gender relationships saying it is "at least bad policy, and very well may violate the constitution and bylaws of this church."  - Lutheran Committee Calls Ban Against Active Gay Clergy 'Bad Policy'. - Lutherans Punish 2 Churches for Gay Ordinations (1990).

Offensive Ad in The Lutheran: Talk to your pastor. Write a letter: "In the September 2006 issue of The Lutheran, subscribers will find a full-page advertisement for David Glesne's book Understanding Homosexuality: Perspectives for the Local Church. The ad states that the book itself has also been sent, free of charge, to every rostered clergy person in the ELCA. This book comes at the reader like an old softball, but quickly turns into a homemade hand grenade disguised as pastoral care for the "suffering homosexual" and "confused Christian." The book opens with a story of the author's request for forgiveness for the ways he and the church have harmed LGBT people. It is easy to take the bait offered in the prologue. Within pages of his repentance, however, the author describes gay sex in debasing and offensive ways. Curiously, lesbians are rarely even mentioned in the text. The book concludes with a rapid downhill slide to the stated need for the church to discipline "homosexuals" who refuse to repent, a call to silence for LGBT believers and their allies, and a blatant attack on the "homosexual" as a threat to marriage, family, society, and the salvation of church members. In the last few pages, unlike the first, Glesne states that his position is not homophobic or intolerant, just truly Christian. Is it any wonder why an overwhelming percentage of LGBT people leave the church when they come out?"

Lutheran Lesbian & Gay Ministries: Newsletter and Resources. - THIS obedience is the story of Pastor Anita C. Hill, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, and an issue that is at the heart of LGBT (Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender) oppression in the United States.

Lutherans Concerned / North America: works for the full inclusion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Lutherans in all aspects of the life of their Church and congregations. We provide a place of comfort and safety. We reach out and teach that Christ's message, the Gospel, is for everyone equally. We call for the blessing of committed and covenanted same-gender relationships, and for the ordination of those called to minister.- A [Lutheran] Christian ministry affirming God's love for lesbian and gay People in Akron, Canton, and greater  Northeast Ohio since 1990 (Includes links to resources) N/A.

Unitarian Universalist

History of Unitarian Universalist Involvement in and Support of Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Issues:  "Unitarian Universalism is one of the few religions that ordains openly Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender people. We encourage our BGLT clergy to participate as fully in our faith as our heterosexual clergy. In addition to welcoming BGLT people into our religious community, we also work to protect the civil and legal rights of BGLT people and families across the country. Unitarian Universalists have been at the forefront of the same-sex marriage debates, advocating for the right for each person to marry the partner of his or her choice.  Pamphlet:  Unitarian Universalism A Welcoming Place for Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender People. - Panphlet: Unitarian Universalism, A Religious Home for Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender People. - Unitarians prepare to marry gays (2004).

Gay minister for SF Unitarian Church: "San Francisco's Unitarian Universalist Church, a church with a predominately-straight congregation, has announced the selection of its first openly gay senior minister – who is also an adoptive parent." - Openly gay man officially introduced as minister: "he Rev. Manish Kumar Mishra, with microphone in center, performs the benediction during his installation service at the Unitarian Universalist Church of St. Petersburg on Monday. Mishra, who identifies his relligion as Hindu, which renounces homosexuality, said the church gave him a religious home... Sunday, he made a special effort to be in St. Petersburg, where the Rev. Manish Mishra, a Harvard-educated, openly gay, former diplomat with a South Asian, Hindu heritage, officially became the new minister of the local Unitarian Universalist Church. Sinkford gave two reasons for his presence. First, Mishra is a friend, he said. Second, his denomination wants to make sure it nurtures its minority ministers. "The success of these ministers is very important to me and Unitarian Universalism and we're working hard to help them succeed," he said."

The Office of Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian and Transgender Concerns- Pre-Marital Counseling Guide for Same Gender Couples (PDF Download). - Queer 102 (PDF Download) - Transgender 102. (PDF Download) - Bi-101: some basics about bisexuality. (PDF Download)  - Transgender Pastoral Care by Sarah I. Gibb (PDF Download).  Download Page: Other Documents Available.

Interweave at UUI: "Heartland Interweave is the UUI chapter of Interweave Continental, an independent affiliate organization of the Unitarian Universalist Association, working in our congregation to raise awareness of bisexual, gay, lesbian, and transgender issues and to make UUI a safe, warm, and welcoming place for all people regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression."

Equal Rights for Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender People: Below are the complete statements or excerpts of statements passed by the Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations General Assembly on the issue of Equal Rights For Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender People..."

The Unitarian Universalist Association and Homosexuality. - Unitarians / Universalists  by glbtq.com  - Gay Relationships, Gay Rights: A UU Perspective. - Between a Stonewall and a Rainbow. - Unitarian Universalist Church Blasts Back at the Boy Scouts of America.

Search GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Search BGLAD. - Search the QRD. - Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search Google.com. - Search Google Scholar. - Search Google's G:LBT Directory. - MSN Search. - Search findarticles.com: many full text articles and papers.

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United Methodist

The United Methodist Church & Homosexuality: USA. - History of Policies on Homosexuality in the United Methodist Church. -  New Zealand [Methodist] Church split over gay minister. (Related Information: The Mission Statement of the Methodist Church of New Zealand: Methodism Towards 2000): "Interpreting what God's justice means for the present moment underlies the debate that has taken place within New Zealand Methodism over the issue of homosexuality.   This debate began over 30 years ago but came to a head when inevitably it became an issue of church discipline rather than something that was 'out there' in society.   When ordinary Methodists were challenged to consider the possibility of a declared homosexual being their minister the depth of feeling was brought to light and the basis for the divisions uncovered. By and large the leadership of the Church took its stand on grounds of natural justice,  and aligned itself with the Human Rights Act of 1993 whose intention is to abolish discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation.   Conference in 1993 affirmed that it will  'choose to order its life and practice'  within the intent of the Act.   Those who oppose this view frequently make scripture the ground for their opposition.   The debate at Conference 1996 showed how far from resolution the question is.   In the meantime,  however,  some declared homosexuals are employed in ministry,  and some congregations have declared themselves to be  'inclusive'  as a way of indicating their support for the Church's official stance." - Eradicating Homophobia and Heterosexism in the United Methodist Church (2009). - Methodists Maintain Homosexual Acts Are 'Incompatible With Christian Teaching' At General Conference (2012).

Methodists reject pressure to affirm homosexuality (USA) (Alternate Link).  - Methodists Face Possible Split Over Homosexuality (USA). - United Methodists affirm church laws on homosexuality (USA): "Amid demonstrations, singing and arrests, representatives of the United Methodist Church voted May 11 to uphold the denomination’s current positions on homosexuality. The delegates of General Conference, the denomination’s highest legislative body, also retained a prohibition against pastors performing same-sex union ceremonies... Thirty people were arrested after they surrounded the presiding bishop in protest of the votes. The protesters, who were removed peaceably by police, included clergy members and two bishops ... ". - 'Witnesses' share personal stories regarding homosexuality.: """These are people who follow faithfully, with great conviction, their faith," one participant observed, after hearing six "witnesses" share their personal experiences related to the controversial topic of homosexuality... Scriptural authority is often the hinge on which debate about homosexuality swings. Some argue that Scripture clearly prohibits homosexuality and there can be no concessions made in today's society. They support the denomination's official stance that "the practice of homosexuality is incompatible with Christian teaching." Others say that Christians today must understand scriptural prohibitions in light of the time and circumstances in which they were written. God is still speaking today, they contend, through research and revelation." - UMC pastors launch gay rights campaign (1997).  - Gay issues dominate UMC regional meetings (1999): United Methodist Church considers various gay-related issues, including same-sex marriage. - Black United Methodist Church in Boston Breaks New Ground (2000): "...by voting to become the nation's first black Methodist church to officially welcome and include gay and lesbian worshipers.

Statement of United Methodists of Color for a Fully Inclusive Church: "We are United Methodist men and women, who love God and know that we are loved by God. We are United Methodists who celebrate the God-given gifts of our ethnicity, our gender, and our sexuality. We are United Methodists who not only acknowledge the historic racism of the church, but also the subtler present day forms of racism and division in our midst. We know this to be true, for we have experienced it as people of color in the church we love... We remember all too well those voices who said racism was not present in the church. We remember those voices who wielded scripture as a support for division and inequality. We remember the voices who pled patience to inequality by claiming that justice was gradual. We remember the time when silence in the presence of racism was the church's greatest sin... We all know Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender people. Seen or unseen, they are vital members of our communities. For many of us, they have been our invisible neighbors, sons and daughters, brothers and sisters, cherished members in the community of life. Indeed, we recognize that throughout history, our church and our communities have benefited from the gifts of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender people. But in return for their gifts, we have given these brothers and sisters silence or scorn. When they have asked for their name and acknowledgement of their place as worthy members in the family of God, they have been answered with continued overt or subtle forms of spiritual and physical violence..." - United Methodists reaffirm line on gays: Liberal wing loses attempt to make church more inclusive (2004): "The United Methodist Church reaffirmed yesterday that homosexual activity is "incompatible with Christian teaching" and struck down language that would have made the church more inclusive of gays and lesbians."

'Derby Resolutions' on Sexuality: British Methodist Church.  - British Methodists Reject Blessing of Same-sex Relationships: "That decision followed a lengthy and passionate debate on the floor of the denomination's annual conference which met June 23-29 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The ruling disappoints those who hoped the church would allow liturgical recognition of same-sex civil partnerships, legal in Britain since December 1994." 

United Methodist Court Revokes Lesbian Pastor's Credentials: "The Rev. Irene Elizabeth "Beth" Stroud was found guilty Dec. 2 of engaging in "practices that are incompatible with Christian teachings." After that 12-1 decision, the trial court - or jury - entered a penalty phase and voted 7-6 to strip Stroud of her ministerial credentials, effective immediately." - Appeals Committee Reverses Church Trial Verdict in Stroud Case: "Irene Elizabeth "Beth" Stroud, who was found guilty of violating United Methodist church law and had her clergy credentials withdrawn last December, won her appeal in a decision announced April 29... The clergy court had found her guilty of violating denomination law, which forbids the ordination and appointment of "self-avowed practicing homosexuals." Stroud had disclosed that she was living in a committed relationship with another woman. The appeals committee upheld part of the trial court's finding but overturned the verdict based on legal error. The committee's 8-1 vote means Stroud is automatically reinstated as a pastor."

Church Court Reinstates Pastor Who Denied Membership to Gay Man: " United Methodist ministers do have the power to decide who becomes a member of the local church, the denomination's top court has ruled, supporting a pastor who blocked an openly gay man from joining the congregation."

United Methodist Bishop Says Council is 'Immobilized' in Homosexuality Debate (2007): "The United Methodist Council of Bishops is "somewhat immobilized these days" on such big issues as homosexuality, said one of its members recently. At a semi-annual meeting early this month, retired Bishop Jack Tuell of Des Moines, Wash., said the Council of Bishops should give leadership to the church on the debate over homosexuality, according to the United Methodist News Service." - Methodists and homosexuality: United Methodist bishops hold first dialogue on homosexuality, discuss racism.: "The denomination's 30-year-old ban on ordaining gay men and lesbians remains, but United Methodist leaders admit there is a large and vocal minority of faithful, biblically grounded Christians who disagree with the official stand. To that end, the United Methodist bishops meeting April 28-May 3 participated in the first of four churchwide conversations designed to "create open, grace-filled space" for people to discuss, disagree about and acknowledge the "deep wounds" experienced by the church around this issue. For nearly 20 years, church law as recorded in the Book of Discipline has included a ban on the ordination of "self-avowed practicing homosexuals" and has espoused "fidelity in marriage and celibacy in singleness." And while acknowledging the "sacred worth" of homosexuals, church law condemns homosexual practices as "incompatible with Christian teaching.""

Affirmation: United Methodists for Lesbian, Gay. Bisexual & Transgender Concerns. Affirmation is an activist caucus of LGBT people, and our allies.- A Brief History of Affirmation: 1972-2000. - Open Hands is the quarterly magazine of the ecumenical Welcoming Church movement. Initiated by the Reconciling Ministries Network in 1985 and terminated in 2001.

African American Churches

And the Choir Sings On: Special Report (1994) - "From small rural churches to center city arenas, voices rise in a joyful noise for the Lord. But AIDS has cast a pall of silence over the black gospel music community... What makes the black gospel community one of America's last bastions to confront the 13-year-old AIDS epidemic is its vibrant yet underground homosexual subculture. "First of all, they deny the homosexuality," Harris said. "Then if something else like AIDS comes along with it, the haven't dealt with the first part. So of course they can't deal with this." "You would think there would be more compassion. They are very, very cruel." Behind their backs and from some pulpits, gays are called punks, sissies and even girlfriend. "We sing their songs and shout and get happy off their music, but condemn them privately," said the Rev. Yvette Flunder, former lead singer of the Walter Hawkins Love Center Choir of Oakland, Calif."  - - The African-American Church & AIDS - Part 1 (1995) & Part 2 (1996). - The Great Debate on Homosexuality in The Black Community (1998). - Forum: Homosexuality and the Black Church (1998).

Homosexuality and the African American Church: The Paradox of the "Open Closet" Am. Behav. Scientist 42, 1117 (1999). - African American Churches and HIV/AIDS (Documents). - Though I Stand At The Door and Knock: Discussions on the Black Church's Struggle with Homosexuality and AIDS (2001). - Amazing grace and resolve: gay African-American Christians too often find themselves at odds with the churches they've called home. But they are not losing faith. - The Black Church and Sexual Ethics (2000). - Miller RL (2005). An appointment with God: AIDS, place, and spirituality. Journal of Sex Research, 42(1), 35-45. "Spirituality is a resource for African American gay men living with AIDS... In a study examining how 10 African American gay men living with AIDS understood and used spirituality, Miller (2000) found that each received formal and informal instruction in spirituality as children. As adults, these African American gay men straggled to use its benefits. Miller (2000) and Woodyward, Peterson, and Stokes (2000) have documented that sexual orientation and behaviors of African American gay men are often judged as inconsistent or in conflict with religious codes of conduct and are held to constitute a transgression or sin (Gross & Woods, 1999). Many men internalize these judgments..."

Experts urge black churches to help AIDS fight. - Black Leaders Urge AIDS Action (2001). - Get Churches in on the AIDS Battle (2001). - Black leaders seek help in fighting AIDS N/A. - Black Churches Banding Together to Battle AIDS, HIV (2001). - By ignoring AIDS, blacks dig own grave (2002). - Dread of Gays Fuel Much of AIDS Rise Among Blacks (2000). - Research shows black churches willing to help with sex education (2000) [with limitations]. - BCA Finds Black Churches Can Help Quietly Break AIDS Taboos (2001).

Does homosexuality remain the greatest taboo in black culture? Is homosexuality a European cultural imposition on Africans? Are you black first or queer? These are the questions the anthology "The Greatest Taboo: Homosexuality in Black Communities," (Amazon) edited by Delroy Constantine-Simms, seeks to answer through essays from academics, journalists, other writers. There are twenty-eight essays in the book, with thirteen of them focusing on issues related primarily to African-American men or male homosexuality, and only four focused on lesbianism and bisexuality in the black community (a shortcoming which Constantine-Simms plans to rectify in the second volume, which is set to be published in the summer of 2003). - E. Lynn Harris Takes on Black Homophobia. - The Hidden Epidemic: Bi Men Under the Radar: "Homophobia is the fear that underlies discrimination against homosexual men and women. How could homophobia be to blame for the way a man chooses to lead his sex life? Actually, it's at the heart of the issue, says Georgia State University psychologist John Peterson, PhD..." 

The Black Church HIV/AIDS Network. - A Pastor's Guidebook for HIV/AIDS Ministry Through the Church. - Panel to examine gay acceptance in black churches: Some criticize clergy for chastising homosexuality (2005, PDF Download): "Senior and BLU Secretary Courtney Payton said a dialogue is needed to bridge homosexuality and religion in the black community. "I feel like a lot of ministers and pastors feel obligated to give a sermon on how homosexuality is a sin," she said. "That's disrespectful. Even if people aren't out, it's hurtful to hear it."" - Gays and the Black Church: " The Reverend Dennis Meredith’s mouth had to drop when his head deacon brusquely accused him of turning the church into a “sissy church” and left in a huff. Reverend Meredith had committed the unpardonable sin to the deacon and as it turned out hundreds of other black members at the predominantly black Tabernacle Baptist Church in Atlanta of embracing and welcoming gay members. The deacon and the other members that fled the church in protest over gays are not a hateful, intolerant aberration. There are reports from other black churches of members marching out in indignation when their minister preaches a message of tolerance toward gays."

The Black Church and It's Influence on African American Men Who Have Sex with Men in the Era of AIDS: "Most MSM in this research study (93%) describe their experiences regarding their sexual orientation in the Black church as oppressive, alienating, psychologically discomforting and humiliating. Many respondents (80%) reported that there were negative environmental issues in the Black church relating to MSM. All of the respondents reported perceived barriers in terms of leadership opportunities in the Black church. In addition, respondents identified situations and activities that promoted feelings of isolation and alienation in regard to theological teachings... Despite a historic resolve to offer support to diverse populations within and beyond their congregations, the literature reflects no sustained effort to support church going MSM. Although present and very active in the Black church, MSM compromise a marginalized population that receives infrequent public discussion or acknowledgment."

Has the Black Church Failed the Same Gender Loving Community? "So, HAS the Black Church failed the Black Same Gender Loving Community? In the ways that really matter…YES. The purpose of the church is to show the love of God to ALL people. The church's JOB is to behave like the Bible says Jesus did. He walked and taught unconditional love, and received whoever would follow Him. Instead, the church has become this elitist religious social club that it's become. Some have gone so far as to start HIV/AIDS ministries that offer testing and counseling. And that's a very good thing…FOR THEM! They stand to get hundreds of thousands of dollars to operate these "ministries". But what good does it do when they preach and teach that God hates the ones they are testing? What's the Same Gender Loving Christian to do? I suggest seeking more affirming spiritual homes of worship where the TRUE love of God is being taught and displayed. There are churches out there that are not prejudiced. Churches that provide a safe place of worship for EVERYONE. Seek them out. We need to start supporting those who support us. Lend our gifts and talents to those who will in return nurture and edify us spiritually. We must empower ourselves, and stop giving our all to organizations that in their ignorance have proven to have failed us." - Black United Methodist Church in Boston Breaks New Ground (2000): "...by voting to become the nation's first black Methodist church to officially welcome and include gay and lesbian worshipers. - Some black ministers openly welcome gays, lesbians into their  flocks (2003).

Gays in the Village: "I've often said that homophobia would end in the black church if every black lesbian and gay person simply came out. The first thing we would realize is that many of the people running the churches are themselves gay. And I'm not just talking about the choir members, the organists and the music directors. I'm talking about the ushers, the deacons and the pastors themselves. Thus, it was noticeable last weekend when a prominent African American pastor in Colorado came out of the closet. The Rev. Benjamin Reynolds preached his last sermon at Emmanuel Missionary Baptist Church on Sunday. Reynolds, the senior pastor of the Colorado church, stepped down after telling the congregation that he is gay. Although his decision to come out may have caught some off guard, his support for the gay and lesbian community is not new. He has been a longtime advocate for gay and lesbian rights.  But then he did the unthinkable. He revealed his sexual orientation... The black church is a paradox. On the one hand, it is the most homophobic institution in the black community. On the other hand, it is the most homo-tolerant institution in the black community. The homophobia typically comes in the form of the pastor's "hell and damnation" sermon on homosexuality from time to time. The fire and brimstone are quickly amened from the pews. But when you look past the pastor, the homo-tolerance is clear once you realize that gays and lesbians are everywhere in the church. Many of our black churches would stop running if the gay, lesbian and bisexual members dropped out..."

Homosexuality and the Black Church (2005): "As I mentioned earlier, most black churches have a very strange way of addressing this issue. On one hand, the preacher will preach hard against homosexuality while we “Amen” him out of the building. One the other hand, in many cases the choir right behind him is full of the very people he is preaching against–we just dismiss them as just being a little effeminate (because the “effeminate” in the church are usually the ones that are the most creative and/or the most expressive, you will see them most of the time either involved in the music or children’s ministry). How can a person preach against homosexuality while at the same time benefit from their service to the ministry?" - Black church must forsake gay bashing (2005): "IT'S TIME for the black church in America to come to terms with homosexuality. Pastors, come down from the pulpit and get to know your choir directors. No, I'm not saying that all or even most of the choir directors in all or even most of the black churches in the country are gay. I'm just reporting that in my observation, at least, music has long been one of the accepted roles for "confirmed bachelors" in African-American congregations. I'm noting that it's fairly common for a preacher to deliver a thundering "Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve" sermon and then turn to a gay man to lead the church in a rendition of "One Day at a Time.""- Gays and Gospel Music: A Divine Refuge? - OUT at CHM: Gays and Gospel.

Minister’s fiery anti-gay sermon riles activists (2005): “It’s very difficult to go forth in the community to even try to have a meeting with Rev. Wilson because, with views expressed like that, particularly in the pulpit of the church, it makes it very difficult for the GLBT community to think that any conversation or dialogue regarding inclusion … would be constructive and fruitful,” he said. “I’m quite distressed.” - It’s high time for black gays to ‘walk the daylight (2002)’ "In the African American gay community, we may want to ask ourselves a similar question. But for us, "walking the daylight" may mean refusing to cower to the homophobia that has been an inherent part of the African American community at large, and in many African American churches. For example, the minister of the largest African American church in Washington recently made derogatory remarks about "dykes" and equated homosexuals with prostitutes and drug addicts...  A black gay man who attends a homophobic church for ‘the fellowship’ is like a black man joining a Ku Klux Klan gathering because they serve good hush puppies."

Same Gender-Loving Family, And Brother Outsider: The Life Of Bayard Rustin (Documentary): "The March on Washington celebration took place in D.C. Aug. 23, 2003. Rustin was an openly Same Gender-Loving African-American, Quaker background, and was the architect of the 1963 March on Washington where Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his famous “I Have A Dream” speech (this was not the original title of King’s speech; that title was given to King’s speech by the media). Rustin, a master strategist and tireless activist, is best remembered for the organizing of the 1963 March on Washington along with A. Philip Randolph. It was one of the largest nonviolent protests ever held in the United States. Rustin brought Gandhi’s protest techniques to the American civil-rights movement, and helped mold Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., into an international symbol of peace and nonviolence. Despite Rustin’s achievements, he was silenced, threatened, arrested, beaten, imprisoned, and fired from important leadership positions, largely because he was an openly gay man in a homophobic era. era."  - Bayard Rustin: Civil Rights Leader.

The Color of Being Gay: Part 1 - The Black Church and the effect that it has on the African American gay community: "The Black Church throughout socio-political history has always been a “home-base” not only for spiritual salvation but has also served as a medium to plan rebellions against a racist majority and most importantly to offer empowerment. Ironically, while the Black Church started in an effort to solidify Black people as an identifiable group against hate and oppression, today the Black Church has morphed, in some respects, into the complete opposite. Today, it is an institution that often preaches hate against its own people; no longer providing empowerment and solidarity, but instead separatist elitism and disempowerment. Moreover, it has grown into an institution that is conspicuously stagnant and not responding to the issues that affect its people; not only economically, but socially and sexually as well... The Black Church is an institution with enumerable paradoxes. It provides salvation, hope, and faith for many of its followers while it preaches the complete opposite to others... If we as Blacks cannot accept our own, how do we expect the rest of the world to?  Being Gay and the efforts for GLBT rights will always stay White and be lead by Whites if Black gays remain afraid to take the bull by the horns because of their rejection in their own communites."- The Color of Being Gay: Part II - Sexual and Racial Politics.

Black Church History Comes Out The Closet: "Now, let's fast forward to today from a Black Gay/Lesbian perspective. Identical splinter spiritual movements have also occurred breaking away from the mainstream established Black Church. In 1985, Archbishop Carl Bean founded Unity Fellow Church in California. Today this spiritual movement has grown and now includes 15 congregations in cities across America, ministering directly to the needs, life-experiences, and culture of the Black Gay/Lesbian community. In addition, another movement, Fellowship 2000, which was founded five years ago by Bishop Yvette Flunder, and is taking a slightly different but still powerful approach to ministering to our needs. The movement is actually a multi-denominational fellowship of mostly African American churches ranging from ultra conservative to liberal with the goal to embrace and implement "radical inclusivity" within their congregations... Again, identical to our ancestors, we got tired of being sick and tired and being meted out the same harsh segregation, intense resistance, and blatant disregard to our emotions, life-experiences, and culture. Ironically, the mainstream Black Church of today became the oppressors in our lives. The roles were reversed. Our Black pastors/bishops became our captors and we are as Gays/Lesbians for many years were their willing and helpless victims. Too many of us took the abuse and shrugged it off when the gay bashing sermons came our way. We quietly thought to ourselves, "I deserve it" and then moved on. Sadly, many of us still have that particular slave mentality. Although we may not take physical abuse, but the emotional, verbal, and spiritual abuse we do take is far worse, more painful, and significantly more devastating as it drives and eventually destroys our lives. As a result, many Black gay men marry women because their pastor/bishop told them to. Many Black Lesbian women marry men because pastor/bishop said they would go to hell if they didn't. Many marriages have been based upon lies, STD's have crept into bedrooms, and innocent children have been caught in the middle, all because pastor/bishop threatened, screamed, challenged, and abused his/her spiritual authority over their flock. Unless we stand up and speak out to the Black Church and demand a re-look, reconsideration, and a refreshed analysis of Scripture, Spirituality and our lives as Godly men and women who also happen to be Gay/Lesbian, we will forever be doomed to the abusive and bloodied hands of condemnation of the Black Church..."

Black Christians, the Homosexuality Debate, and the American Creed: "All of a sudden, it matters tremendously what black Christians all over the world think about sexuality. When the Episcopal Church of the United States of America consecrated openly gay clergyman Eugene V. Robinson as Bishop of New Hampshire in 2003, African and Caribbean leaders of the Anglican Church led the revolt that has brought the denomination to the brink of a historic split. When, in June 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Lawrence v. Texas that anti-sodomy laws were unconstitutional, social and political conservatives salivated over the prospect that opinion polls showing heightened African-American opposition to gay marriage might cause some black American voters to vote Republican.... African-descended people differ substantially in their views on homosexuality and gay rights, and much of the disagreement stems from conflicting religious views. The disagreements, which are becoming more vocal, are dividing people who have been allies on many other issues. For example, prominent African Americans such as Coretta Scott King, Rep. John Lewis (D-Ga.), and presidential former hopefuls Al Sharpton and Carole Mosely-Braun have announced support for the National Black Justice Coalition, which advocates for gay marriage. But former King aide Rev.Walter Fauntroy is a spokesman for the Alliance for Marriage, a group pushing for a constitutional amendment that would restrict marriage to the union of a man and a woman... For these thinkers, support for glbt rights is not only biblically unsound, it is spiritually, politically and culturally damaging to black people. Not only conservative Rev. Fred Phelps of The Westboro Baptist Church black Christians, but the Nation of Islam shares this view, which is partially why, on several occasions, the NOI has endorsed expressed by such Christian Right leaders as Jerry Falwell and Pat Robertson... While these debates rage, many African people of faith wonder what to believe. Others, certain of their position, are mystified as to how those who disagree with them can call themselves Christian. In the meantime, AIDS is killing young black people at an alarming rate, and hate crimes against people of color perceived to be lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered are on the increase. "

Black clergy gathering to fight gay matrimony (2004): Conservative evangelical groups -- including the Christian men's movement, Promise Keepers -- are mobilizing African American church leaders for a renewed campaign against same-sex marriage.. - Black Churches and Gay Marriage (2004, PBS). - Standing Up to the Black Church (2004): Black gay Christians have stayed silent too long while ministers railed against ‘Adam and Steve’ and how homosexuality threatens us... The act of standing up to the black church on the issue of homosexuality is no easy feat. On top of being notoriously fundamentalist concerning Scripture, the black church hoists an extra heaping of cultural and ethnic shame upon gay people. - Black clergy rejection stirs gay marriage backers (2004): "The three major associations of Greater Boston's black clergy, exercising their considerable influence within the minority community and asserting moral authority on civil rights matters, have shaken up the debate over same-sex marriage with their insistence that the quest by gays and lesbians for marriage licenses is not a civil rights issue." - Highly personal: Gay marriage is not a threat to Black America (2006): "Black pastors who use gays as scapegoats and as an easy way to raise more money in the collection plate really need to stop. Because you and I both know that if gays got up and walked out of the church, there'd be no deacons, music, ushers and in some cases, no pastor. Blacks who want to act like they are holier than thou and go around quoting certain scriptures to justify their mistreatment of gays need to realize that the book they are using to do the condoning is the same book that the "massuh" used to condone the mistreatment of his black slaves."

Gay Blacks Feeling Strained Church Ties (2004): Same-Sex Marriage Debate Has Put 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' Relationship Under Scrutiny: "A study by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life showed that since 2000, black Protestants have become far less likely than other Protestant groups to believe that gays should have equal rights. Black Protestant support for gay rights dipped to a low of 40 percent this year, down from 65 percent in 1996 and 59 percent in 1992... God, Hutcherson said, condemns homosexuality. "I think it's a choice," he said. When his church members identify a gay person who is unable to change, "you kick them out," he said... "As an African American whose people have not yet recovered from a form of slavery that was based upon destruction of the family," he said, "I believe we do not need any more confusion about what a marriage is and what a family is." ... "Our entire church took a stand against the same-sex marriage issue," said the Rev. Stephen F. Smith of Greater Destiny Church of God in Christ in Memphis, part of a national congregation whose members number more than half a million... A separate gay culture thrives in the black church, wrote J.L. King, author of "On the Down Low: A Journey Into the Lives of 'Straight' Black Men Who Sleep With Men." In a chapter devoted to life in the black church, King wrote that the church is a choice site for gay men seeking partners..." - Trouble for gays in black churches (2004).

Whose Dream? Why the black church opposes gay marriage: "Gomes attributes the black social conservatism to racial assimilation. "The African American religious community has spent so much time trying to prove to the white community that it is the same, that for all intents and purposes it shares many of the worst prejudices of the white community." ... It's puzzling that the black church is so much more conservative on same-sex marriage than it is on other divisive issues such as abortion. The answer may lie in the invisibility of the black gay and lesbian community. While the black church embraces single mothers, drug addicts, and ex-cons, it does not embrace black homosexuals largely because they haven’t organized to make their presence felt. Instead, black gays and lesbians have been shamed and silenced into a kind of "don't ask, don’t tell" relationship with the church. A few years ago I interviewed Reverend H. Beecher Hicks, pastor of a popular black church in Washington, D.C. Hicks strongly condemned homosexuality and told me that "those who seek to find a way to legitimize this particular lifestyle will meet with no success." But days later when I visited his church for Sunday service, I recognized a number of black gay men in the congregation. Some were members of the choir, others were ushers, and a few had even more prominent roles. I can't imagine how this church would survive without black gay men, and I can’t imagine that the homophobia would continue from the pulpit if they spoke up against it... Given their unique role straddling two worlds, black gays and lesbians may hold the key to unlocking the door of homo-tolerance in the black community. "I think the black community is going to become more accepting, more tolerant," Julian Bond predicts. "I can't place a timetable on it, but I'll tell you one thing: It depends on the degree to which black gays and lesbians begin to stand up in their churches, in their organizations, and say, 'This is me you're talking about.' That's a powerful, powerful message."

Black Church Summit Takes Stand Against Anti-Gay Discrimination: "A landmark summit of Black clergy took place in Atlanta on January 20-21 to strategize about fighting against anti-gay discrimination in African American churches. More than 200 ministers and gay rights activists took part in this first Black Church Summit, which was called by the National Black Justice Coalition." - African American Roundtable (2005): "Historically, African American churches have not dealt with human sexuality in a positive light. Our theologies are often negative about sexuality—particularly homosexuality—and this contributes to a fear of sexuality and destructive understandings of masculinity and femininity. We hope that the work of the African American Roundtable can lead to a radical transformation of thought and understanding in African American communities."

Gay Athlete, Theologians Headline Black Church Summit (2007, PDF Download): "Newly out-as-gay former NBA player, John Amaechi will make a special guest appearance at the National Black Justice Coalition's, 2nd Annual Black Church Summit reception... Amaechi will speak about his closeted-gay experience in the NBA as well as his eventual spiritual and sexual reconciliation. Amaechi will also entertain questions from the audience about his life experiences, his newly published book, and his future... From 9:00am- 5pm, the entire day will be filled with workshops, keynote speeches, as well as a lively debate about homosexuality and the Black Church... Some of the topics covered during the summit will include how to build effective HIV ministries; how to
create gay affirming congregations in order to end spiritual homophobia; how to interpret scripture in regards to homosexuality; plus a special youth mentoring track focusing upon Black youth 25 years old and under... The strategies learned at the Summit will be taken back to individual churches and effectively implemented within their local communities."
- The Black Gay Revolution Continues In Philadelphia (2007): "Set in the city of Brotherly love and the birthplace of the Declaration of Independence where all people were declared to be created equal under the law, the National Black Justice Coalition, http://www.nbjc.org/, continues the dialogue of equality and equal justice with a nationwide forum on Black Church Homophobia. Over three hundred people from across the nation will gather to debate the issue of homosexuality and its role within the Black Church as well as provide solutions on how to create a welcoming and gay affirming church. Black iconic intellectuals such as the Rev. Dr. Michael Eric Dyson plus several other religious leaders both anti-gay and gay affirming will headline the event and facilitate discussion ranging from HIV and the Black Church to debating the legitimacy of scripture referring to homosexuality." - Conference on Black Church and Gays. - In case you missed it…coverage of the Black Church Summit on homophobia

Black America's Gay Problem -- Can Attitudes Change in the Black Church? "After two years of public hatred toward gays from black ministers around the country, attitudes toward gays may finally be changing in the black church... However, for gays, this is going to continue to be an uphill battle. Even though most black gays and lesbians attend black churches, they are still outsiders. Many blacks still consider homosexuality the mother of all sins, though many have a family member who identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender. When you add to that the common misperception that the fight for gay rights is a "white thing," there's the very real potential for another nasty campaign season. And while gays may have Rev. Sharpton, Mfume and a few civil rights organizations on their side, they have relatively little clout in influencing policy compared to the voters. That's why white conservative groups are sparing no dollar in trying to entice support from black ministers..."- The Black Church won't reform. - Sharpton: Sexually-based issues dividing black churches.

For Some Black Pastors, Accepting Gay Members Means Losing Others (2007). - World’s largest black gay pride organization applauds Atlanta metro churches acceptance of black gay men and women (2007). - Black Church Leaders Embrace Gays – Good or Bad?

The Black Church and HIV/AIDS: Resources. - African American Churches and HIV/AIDS (Documents).

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Quakers: The Religious Society of Friends

The Society of Friends (Quakers) and Homosexuality. - Quakers and (Homo)Sexuality. - Quakers by glbtq.com - Gay and Lesbian People in the Society of Friends (1996, Quakers). (Gay and Lesbian People in the Society of Friends, 2000: PDF Download) - Gay Rights Movement in the Religious Society of Friends, 1963-1988: Background Information. - Where next for Bi Quakers? - "Sex is not a shortcut to spirituality:" Liberal Quakers Confront the 20th-century Sexual Revolutions. - Quakers seek to mediate between Focus on Family, gay protesters.

Friends for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Concerns: a North American Quaker faith community that affirms that of God in all people. - What is Friends for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Concerns? - Outreach/Resources.

Southeastern Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers): Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual & Transgender Issues. Some of the referenced  GLBT documents/web pages: - Beyond Same-Sex Marriage: A New Strategic Vision For All Our Families and Relationships. - Add Your Voice: Fairness for All Families. - FGC Epistle on LGBTQ Friends - 12/22/2004 letter to clerks of all FGC-affiliated bodies (1/11/06). - AFSC: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Rights & Recognition - American Friends Service Committee. - Close to Home: Developing Innovative, Community-Based Responses to Anti-LGBT Violence (PDF Download). - Surviving Militarism, Racism & Repression: An Emergency Preparedness Kit for LGBT & Queer Youth. -  Trans Health Care Advocacy.

Quaker Lesbian and Gay Fellowship: "However, there are some Quakers who are very unhappy about the subject of homosexuality. One of the most open welcomes for homosexuals may be found in a statement produced by Quakers of Westminster Meeting: "We affirm the love of God for all people, whatever their sexual orientation, and our conviction that sexuality is an important part of human beings as created by God, so that to reject people on the grounds of their sexual behaviour is a denial of God's creation." Quite a number of Quakers are openly lesbian, gay or bisexual. In some meetings in the United States, same-sex relationships are blessed by the meeting. In others, however, the subject is still not discussed or it is condemned. There have been a few blessings of same-sex relationships among British Quakers though our marriage regulations still assume that marriage is heterosexual." - Quakers nominated as “most gay-friendly organisation” (2006, Word Download): Neil Lazaroo of the Pink Paper said that the gay community responded to the stated Quaker belief that “to reject people on the grounds of sexual orientation is a denial of God’s creation”. - Why march for Pride? - Speaking the truth, A Plain Quaker's Guide to Lesbian and Gay Lives. Published by Quaker Lesbian and Gay Fellowship, 1993.
A Resource Guide on the Nature of Discrimination Against Gays and Lesbians - produced by Ten F(f)riends from Halifax Monthly Meeting in the Eighth Month of 2004 (PDF Download): "Those of us in Halifax Monthly Meeting (HMM) who are openly lesbian or gay have taken to heart recent comments that, while many Friends are willing to support us, they know little of our lives or our issues. For these Friends we have prepared this Resource Guide as a follow-up to the Meeting for Learning on the Nature of Discrimination Against Gays and Lesbians that was held with HMM on May 30, 2004. - Submission to the Legislative Committee on Bill C-38 (CC38) by Canadian Friends Service Committee (Quakers, 2005, PDF Dwonload): "The approval of a marriage has always been the responsibility of the Monthly Meeting to which the request has been made. Friends are mindful that it is the Spirit that unites a couple and that we are but witnesses. Quakers have no ordained clergy. Couples marry each other in the presence of God and community and are not married by a priest or minister. Friends within Canadian Yearly Meeting (the corporate body of Quakers in Canada) first began seriously discussing whether to allow same-sex marriage under the care of Monthly Meetings in 1988. The first Quaker same-sex marriage was on August 22, 1992 under the care of Vancouver Monthly Meeting. Some Monthly Meetings have taken same-sex marriages under their care (or have minutes supporting equal marriage within our tradition), while some others have not reached a decision on this issue..." - Quaker Groups in Canada.

Quakers and Equality (Australia): "Quakers supported the establishment of Queensland's first openly homosexual organisation, C.A.M.P. Inc., in 1971. In 1975 Quakers officially stated: The Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) in Australia calls for a change in the laws ... to eliminate discrimination against homosexuals. This statement is made in the light of the Society's desire to remove discrimination and persecution in the community. The Society also calls on all people to seek more knowledge and understanding of the diversity of human relationships and to affirm the worth of love in all of them (Yearly Meeting 1975 Minute 23). There followed further discussion in the Society over the next decades. Statements were made supporting gay and lesbian people and indicating that some Quaker Meetings wish to support their committed relationships... By 1994 Quakers were ready to clarify their attitude to committed relationships. The Religious Society of Friends has always recognised that the Spirit of God dwells in every person, and we believe that this is regardless of gender or sexual orientation (Yearly Meeting 1995 Minute 16). Committed, same-sex relationships are as valuable as other committed and loving relationships. Formal celebration of commitment between the partners in a relationship is possible when at least one person is a participant in a Meeting. The clerk of the Meeting will be able to discuss with couples what arrangements may be necessary for such a celebration."

Quaker Support for Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Marriage: "The North Pacific Yearly Meeting (NPYM) of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) adopted the following statement supporting the legal recognition of same-sex marriages at their 25th annual session held in Spokane, Washington, on July 20, 1997. This statement was a result of fifteen years of dialogue about marriage. Over two-hundred adult meeting participants adopted, without dissent, the following preamble and minute. While not binding on the member meetings, all members were encouraged to speak out and work locally for equal treatment of all marriages." - Quaker statement on gay marriage (Wisconsin, 2006): "On November’s ballot, Wisconsin will vote on a constitutional ban on same-gender marriages. We of Religious Society of Friends believe the movement to isolate and scapegoat homosexuals, to promote hatred against them, and to impose in law one group’s religious beliefs on us all, is blatantly immoral and contrary to Jesus’ teachings."

Quaker Stories: "When I attended my first Quaker meeting it was like coming home to a place I knew I belonged. Quakers make no judgement about such trivial matters as sexual orientation -- it's just another part of who we are. And I find the hour of silence in the company of people who are seeking guidance to be a blessed relief from the chanted ritual and memorized rote service of the liturgy of the church. And many of the Quaker meetings support gay and lesbian couples who are seeking a place to have a commitment ceremony, based in the belief that it is God who joins people together and that the government or society has no place in determining who is fit to fall in love... They are on record as supporters of same-sex unions and against the so-called "Defense of Marriage" act. They have worked with the HIV support groups, turning the meeting house over to gay and lesbian groups for meetings and marriage ceremonies. And while not every Quaker may agree with these ideas (Quakers are not known for being doctrinaire -- there is no written Creed), it is the nature of the Friends to welcome all people and hold them in the Light of God."

Quakerism and the issue of Queerness (2007): "I find it interesting that the divide between FGC and FUM was brought up as much as it was, at the young adult conference in New Jersey I attended earlier this year. As FUM met, reviewed and reaffirmed their hiring guidelines which states that an unmarried employee of FUM must be celibate until marriage, which effectively and at this point intentionally discriminates against the gay and lesbian community as well as unmarried couples, the controversy between the two Quaker communities has only grown... I am well aware that not all FUM members by far, support such policies, however I would prefer that instead of becoming defensive about it, some Friends would understand and respect my problems with a Quaker organization that openly, knowingly and blatantly discriminates against me. FUM is not the only Quaker organization that falls victim to homophobia since NY Yearly Meeting has no over arching policy on marriage for homosexual Friends. Because there is that of God within me and because I strive to live my life within the love and grace of Jesus Christ, I sincerely hope that I will be able to be married within the Quaker community and my ability to speak God’s truth will not be denied based on my sexual orientation." - Who Are the Quakers?: Friends United Meeting (FUM) claims about 100,000 members worldwide, including 40,000 in the U.S. - Friends General Conference (FGC) claims about 33,000 members in the U.S. and Canada. Evangelical Friends Alliance (EFA) claims over 100,000 members in 20 countries. - What Orthodox Quakers Believe: "Some Orthodox Quaker churches are very accepting of homosexuality, and others condemn it as contrary to God's will."

National gay and lesbian group targets George Fox University (2007): "The group Soulforce will spend Thursday on the campus of the Quaker university in Newberg. The stop - the only one in Oregon - is part of a tour of 32 Christian colleges and universities across the country. Brandon Kneefel, a 20-year-old Penn State University student and Soulforce spokesman, said the group's mission is to "spark a dialogue" about what it means to be Christian and gay or transgendered. He said about two dozen young people will visit the school to tell administrators "how these policies are harmful and causing pain on these campuses." ... Lau said incoming George Fox students agree to honor the school's view on sexual expression. He said sex within marriage between a man and woman is God's plan for sexual fulfillment, and that anything outside of that, including homosexuality, adultery and promiscuity, is not acceptable.

Metropolitan Community Church

MCC: Metropolitan Community Church. - MCC Beginning: History. - MCC Programs and Initiatives.  - Resources.

Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches: "Metropolitan Community Churches [MCCs] were created in 1968 as a way of providing an environment where homosexual Christians could freely worship God and grow in their spiritual journeys. MCC created an environment where all people are accepted, affirmed, and celebrated because of who they are (children of God in infinite variety) and not in spite of an aspect of who they are (such as their sexual orientation). Having experienced personally the tragedy of ignorant and insensitive treatment by those who would shun us as being unworthy, we have become sensitive to the needs of all oppressed peoples or minorities (whether visible or not) and have therefore developed a framework for ourselves which embraces our sexuality - everyone's sexuality - celebrates uniqueness, and strives for inclusivity in all its dimensions. The services we offer (see below) are specially - but not exclusively - geared to people in the gay, bisexual, lesbian and transsexual community..." - Free to be Gay: a brief look at the Bible and homosexuality.

History and Facts About MCC Toronto (PDF Download): "During the spring of 1973, a group of individuals wrote to the head office of the Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches in Los Angeles requesting that they send a pastor to Toronto to start a new church. In July of 1973, Reverend Bob Wolfe arrived in the city and the first worship service was held with 12 people on July 17, 1973. In 1977 Rev. Brent Hawkes became Pastor. 

Eastern & Orthodox Christianity

The  Russian Orthodox Church and Homosexuality. - Gay wedding destroys church-literally - Russia - Russian Orthodox Church condemns gay wedding, orders church building destroyed (2003): "Leaders of the Russian Orthodox Church didn't just condemn the union of Denis Gogolyev and Mikhail Morozov at a chapel in Nizhniy Novgorod, they fired the presiding priest and ordered the church demolished. Gogolyev, 26, and Morozov, 24, caused a sensation in September when they bribed Father Vladimir Enert to perform Russia's first-ever gay wedding. "He didn't raise an eyebrow. I was surprised," Gogolyev told reporters, while admitting that the priest muttered "How shameful" during the ceremony..." - Russian Orthodox Church Suspends Relations With Swedish Lutherans Over Gay Marriages (2005).  - Gay Russia Today: Coming out of the woods (2004): "On April 2, the latest attempt in the Russia legislature to recriminalize homosexuality was killed in committee. The bill, similar to the one submitted last year and the year before, was proposed by the Russian People's Party deputy, Gennady Raikov, chairman of the legislature's parliamentary ethics commission. Like many other Russians, the staunch Putin supporter blames gay men for the rise of HIV/AIDS and the disintegration of the traditional family." - Russian lawmakers move to recriminalize homosexuality (2007): Russian lawmakers Monday introduced a bill to recriminalize homosexuality, punishable with a five-year prison sentence for anyone found convicted of gay sex. - Russian Orthodox Church Synod calls homosexuality perverted and sinful.

Russian Orthodox Bishop-Populist Follows Footsteps of Moscow Boss (2006): "The Russian Orthodox Church, in its push to turn Russia into a Christian government, is now taking law-making initiative upon itself...to enact Federal laws which would proscribe the "propaganda of homosexuality," television broadcasting of plots which "stimulate base passions," and distribution of "erotic publications." ... The vehement speech of the Metropolis Cyril, condemning "immoral homosexuality," reminded Liberal correspondents of Fascist propaganda speeches from the 1930s." - Russian Orthodox Church Demands Ban of Openly Gay Boris Moiseev's Concert (2006).  - The russian's senior Muslim cleric called on Muslims and Orthodox Christians to "thrash" homosexuals (2006): "The country's senior Muslim cleric, Talgat Tadjuddin, on Tuesday called on Muslims and Orthodox Christians to "thrash" homosexuals if they decided to hold a parade in Moscow that gay activists have scheduled for May. "This should in no case be allowed, but if they still take it to the streets, then one will have nothing to do but thrash them," he said, Interfax reported. Ed Mishin, editor of the russian gay magazine "Kvir" (Queer), lamented the lack of tolerance among Russian clerics on Ekho Moskvy radio later Tuesday..."  - Russian Orthodox Church says gay parades should not be allowed (2007) (Alternate Link). - Orthodox Church in Russia, abroad against Moscow gay parade. - Moscow bans gay pride parade (2007): "Moscow mayor Yuri Luzhkov has said he will never allow a gay rights parade in the Russian capital. Luzhkov described the proposed May parade as "satanic." Gay activists plan to appeal to the European Court of Human Rights, saying the ban is a human-rights violation. Moscow banned a similar march last year, with the support of the Russian Orthodox Church." - Russian Jewish Leaders Join Orthodox in Supporting Moscow Mayor’s Ban on Gay Pride.

Sex and fraud woe for Greek church (2005): "Snatched tape-recordings, aired nightly, have revealed rampant homosexuality among senior clerics who, unlike ordinary priests, are under oaths of chastity... The priest was reportedly rounded up with Seraphim Koulousousas, the archbishop's former private secretary, also implicated in another "unholy affair" involving gay sex with a bishop... The Greek Orthodox church sees homosexuality as an "abomination," with the archbishop recently describing it as a "blatant, crying sin"..." - Can a Homosexual become Orthodox? "Perhaps you know that, according to traditional Orthodox teaching, homosexual activity is a sin like adultery, fornication, and other acts of sexual impurity. While we can't choose our temptations, we can choose our response to temptation. Confession and forgiveness is available to those who struggle to resist sin, but the intention to continue the practice of homosexuality would indeed impede membership in the Orthodox Church. Furthermore, advocacy of it as an acceptable lifestyle within the church would be damaging to the community, which values the historic moral practice we have inherited." - Greek Church Denounces Gay Marriage Call: The Greek Orthodox Church has declared open on war on the country's opposition party for supporting same-sex marriage.

Coptic Orthodox Church Formally Condemns Homosexuality, Ordination of Homosexuals and Same-Sex Marriage (2003): "During its Annual Clergy convention, the leaders of the Coptic Orthodox Church discussed recent issues related to homosexuality. The convention was presided by His Holiness Pope Shenouda III, Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. In attendance were twelve Bishops from North America, Egypt, Australia, Europe; and 180 priests from America, Canada and Australia. The issues discussed included: the legalization of same-sex marriage, the ordination of a homosexual Bishop in the Episcopalian Church in New Hampshire, and the vote of the Uniting Church in Australia to allow the ordination of any homosexual clergy..."

Russian Orthodox Church: Representation to the European Institutions (Adopted at the Sacred Bishops' Council of the Russian Orthodox Church, this document sets forth the basic provisions of her teaching on church-state relations and a number of problems socially significant today. It also reflects the official position of Moscow Patriarchate on relations with state and secular society. In addition, it gives a number of guidelines to be applied in this field by the episcopate, clergy and laity.): XII. 9. Holy Scriptures and the teaching of the Church unequivocally deplore homosexual relations, seeing in them a vicious distortion of the God-created human nature... While treating people with homosexual inclinations with pastoral responsibility, the Church is resolutely against the attempts to present this sinful tendency as a «norm» and even something to be proud of and emulate. This is why the Church denounces any propaganda of homosexuality. Without denying anybody the fundamental rights to life, respect for personal dignity and participation in public affairs, the Church, however, believes that those who propagate the homosexual way of life should not be admitted to educational and other work with children and youth, nor to occupy superior posts in the army and reformatories. Sometimes perverted human sexuality is manifested in the form of the painful feeling of one's belonging to the opposite sex, resulting in an attempt to change one's sex (transsexuality). One's desire to refuse the sex that has been given him or her by the Creator can have pernicious consequences for one's further development. «The change of sex» through hormonal impact and surgical operation has led in many cases not to the solution of psychological problems, but to their aggravation, causing a deep inner crisis. The Church cannot approve of such a «rebellion against the Creator» and recognise as valid the artificially changed sexual affiliation. If «a change of sex» happened in a person before his or her Baptism, he or she can be admitted to this Sacrament as any other sinner, but the Church will baptise him or her as belonging to his or her sex by birth. The ordination of such a person and his or her marriage in church are inadmissible. Transsexuality should be distinguished from the wrong identification of the sex in one's infancy as a result of doctors' mistake caused by a pathological development of sexual characteristics. The surgical correction in this case is not a change of sex.

Orthodox Statement on Homosexuality (1984?). - Russian Orthodox Church Condemns Same-Sex Love (2000). - Homosexuality put in the proper perspective: "Many homosexuals say things like "You don't realize how much emotional and spiritual suffering I have gone through, because, through no choice of my own, I have discovered in myself a homosexual orientation. I was born this way". Christians understand about the emotional suffering. Sin causes suffering. This is no different than alcoholism, drug use, cleptomania, or any other _sinful_, _abnormal_ condition. We all suffer because of our sins. Homosexuals suffer more that most, since many cannot even comprehend that their sexual ACTIVITY (not ORIENTATION) is a sin. As for "choice", the christian view is that a man may have a homosexual orientation (actually, this is a passion), and still be God pleasing. If he wars against this passion, as much as he would against blasphemy or anger, or any other inclination that, if acted upon, would be a sin, then he will be a great God pleaser. If he caters to this passion, and satisfies it in blasphemous carnal relations, then he is far from God. A devoutly religious person who regularly engages in homosexual relations, with self justification, is an oxymoron... "

Scoba Statement on Moral Crisis in Our Nation (2003): "As members of the Standing Conference of the Canonical Orthodox Bishops in the Americas (SCOBA), representing more than 5 million Orthodox Christians in the United States, Canada and Mexico, we are deeply concerned about recent developments regarding “same sex unions.” ... The union between a man and a woman in the Sacrament of Marriage reflects the union between Christ and His Church (Ephesians 5:21-33). As such, marriage is necessarily monogamous and heterosexual. Within this union, sexual relations between a husband and wife are to be cherished and protected as a sacred expression of their love that has been blessed by God. Such was God’s plan for His human creatures from the very beginning. Today, however, this divine purpose is increasingly questioned, challenged or denied, even within some faith communities, as social and political pressures work to normalize, legalize and even sanctify same-sex unions. The Orthodox Church cannot and will not bless same-sex unions. Whereas marriage be-tween a man and a woman is a sacred institution ordained by God, homosexual union is not. Like adultery and fornication, homosexual acts are condemned by Scripture (Rom 1:24-27; 1 Cor 6:10; 1 Tim 1:10). This being said, however, we must stress that persons with a homosexual orientation are to be cared for with the same mercy and love that is bestowed by our Lord Jesus Christ upon all of humanity. All persons are called by God to grow spiritually and morally toward holiness."

Homosexuality and the Church: "As is true of all of us who are sickened by our sinful passions, homosexuals can be healed, and homosexual actions can cease. As St. Paul exclaims, "I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me." When homosexuals are willing to struggle in Christ against their sinful passion, and when they receive the strong love and support of their Christian brethren, they can be healed! We are all struggling with various passions and sins. We all need one another in Christian community! The Lord Himself tells us, "Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it. But narrow is the way that leads to life" (Matthew 7:13-14). The key, the Holy Fathers tell us, is to keep on fighting! Brethren, let us condemn the sinful lifestyle of homosexual activity while always being careful to love the person, created in God's image! This is the Orthodox Christian Tradition. And let all of us determine to overcome all sin in our lives, no matter how hard the battle. For in this struggle, in union with Christ, lies our salvation!"

Understanding Homosexuality: An Orthodox Christian Perspective (2005). ""Axios is an association for Eastern Orthodox, Byzantine Rite, and Eastern-rite Catholic Christians who are gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender." Contrary to the traditional teachings of these churches, Axios believes that members' "sexuality and love is God given and healthy. Axios states that the organization was created to.... I have never knowingly had any contact with any Courage or Axios member. My reflections are based solely on the publicly accessible material. If the information on the Axios website is accurate, Axios acknowledges that its goals are contrary to the moral teachings of Orthodox Christianity. I cannot pass judgment on the state of anyone's soul. Like the Publican, I can only cry out "God have mercy on me a sinner!" Nevertheless, Axios' goals are contrary to Christ's teaching. If a person wants to live their life in Christ, he must conform to Christ's will in all things."

Eastern and Orthodox Gay and Lesbian Christians (File Download Available). - AXIOS--Los Angeles - Eastern and Orthodox Gay and Lesbian Christians N/A. - AXIOS, Washington, DC. N/A - AXIOS - Eastern and Orthodox Gay and Lesbian Christians (Links are Dead).

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The Baha'i faith and homosexuality: The only acceptable form of sexual expression is between a one man and one woman after marriage. - Homosexuality and Bahá'í Faith (Wikipedia): Individuals who are openly homosexual are not prevented from entering the religion and joining in community life. This acceptance is not an endorsement of their personal conduct, rather it is a recognition that becoming a Bahá'í is not conditional on their complete and strict compliance with all Bahá'í standards and laws... As a general rule, the Spiritual Assemblies do not get involved in the private lives of believers, unless their actions are considered to be causing some harm to the community. - The Baha’i Faith and Homosexuality: "This will be the last post I intend to make that is somewhat critical of the Baha’i faith. Specifically I will be discussing how Baha’i in general views homosexuality and how that seems to conflict with the rest of the Baha’i religion... Homosexuals are told that through counseling, diligence, and prayer they can overcome this affliction. Although they claim that homosexuals are not prejudiced or condemned, the very stance the Baha’i faith takes on the matter is counter to this philosophy. Claiming that homosexuality is somehow deviant and not in line with the norm implies a prejudice, even if it isn’t acted upon. In this view homosexuals will always be considered second class, something that is not the norm, and must strive further to be fully accepted."

A review of some Baha'i literature on homosexuality (1992):  ":As for Baha'is who are homosexuals, there are a number of considerations. Shoghi Effendi has written that, "The Baha'is have certainly not yet reached that stage of moral perfection where they are in a position to too harshly scrutinize the private lives of other souls, and each individual should be accepted on the basis of his faith, and sincere willingness to try to live up to the Divine standards". There are many such Baha'is who are trying to live up to the Divine standards, but are often experiencing loneliness and isolation, as well as feelings of helplessness and hopelessness, because they fear to disclose to their fellow Baha'is the fact of their homosexual disposition lest they experience overt or covert rejection. At the same time, they do not know where to turn for help in their struggle to cope with and overcome their problem. Baha'i communities should feel great compassion and concern for these souls. The Baha'i community, as it seeks to reflect God's glory and qualities in this world, should be a haven and refuge for troubled souls of every kind. To achieve this a climate of thought and feeling which is supportive, encouraging and understanding needs to be cultivated. In a sense, the Baha'i community should act as a workshop or experimental laboratory into which humanity is invited to come, bringing with it the entire range of human problems with which it is burdened, and joining with fellow Baha'is in a concerted effort to solve these problems and find healing from these disorders, using the power of faith and the tools provided in the Baha'i writings. Among these are prayer, meditation, consultation and the spiritual direction that the laws of Baha'u'llah give.

The Baha'i teachings on homosexuality (1995): The Baha'i Faith strongly condemns all blatant acts of immorality, and it includes among them the expression of sexual love between individuals of the same sex. - Baha'i view of homosexuality (1996): "It is forbidden you to wed your fathers' wives. We shrink, for very shame, from treating of the subject of boys. Fear ye the Merciful, O peoples of the world! Commit not that which is forbidden you in Our Holy Tablet, and be not of those who rove distractedly in the wilderness of their desires. (Aqdas, paragraph 107) The word translated here as "boys" has, in this context, in the Arabic original, the implication of paederasty. Shoghi Effendi has interpreted this reference as a prohibition on all homosexual relations... Baha'i teachings on sexual morality centre on marriage and the family as the bedrock of the whole structure of human society and are designed to protect and strengthen that divine institution. This Baha'i Law restricts permissible sexual intercourse to that between a man and the woman to whom he is married... Baha'i teachings on sexual morality centre on marriage and the family as the bedrock of the whole structure of human society and are designed to protect and strengthen that divine institution. This Baha'i Law restricts permissible sexual intercourse to that between a man and the woman to whom he is married.... No matter how devoted and fine the love may be between people of the same sex, to let it find expression in sexual acts is wrong. To say that it is ideal is no excuse. Immorality of every sort is really forbidden by Baha'u'llah, and homosexual relationships He looks upon as such, besides being against nature. To be afflicted this way in a great burden to a conscientious soul. But through the advice and help of doctors, through a strong and determined effort, and through prayer, a soul can overcome this handicap.(From a letter written on behalf of the Guardian to an individual believer, March 26, 1950; cited in LG, #1223, p. 365; and in the annotation on p. 223 to paragraph 107 of the Kitab-i-Aqdas).."

Statement by the National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is of the United Kingdom (1996): "Baha'is believe that the sexual impulse is a God-given one, and the source of great joy and fulfilment if expressed in the intended way. The appropriate circumstance for this is within marriage, the legally, socially, and spiritually sanctioned union of two adults of the opposite sex. Other expressions are neither valid nor to be encouraged. We recognise that this ideal, of chastity before marriage and fidelity within it, is unfashionable. However it is taught by the world's great religions, and is part of the basis of a stable and civilised society. Its rejection is in part a cause and in part an effect of the stresses, strain, and devaluation of people, that is occurring in the present-day world. The moral and sexual education of children cannot be taken separately, and must be based upon heterosexuality, fidelity, and the family unit. Baha'is reject the idea that homosexuality is something to be regarded as normal and its practice merely a valid lifestyle alternative. While it is wrong to condemn homosexuals as people, the sexual practice of homosexuality is no more an acceptable activity than is heterosexual activity outside marriage..."

To The National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is United States (1993): "The Baha'is and their friends who gathered in Reno, Nevada from the 3rd to the 5th of September, 1993 want to sincerely thank the National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is of the United States for supporting this historic gathering. Without your love and support, this weekend could not have occurred. For many of us, it was the first opportunity to speak honestly about the pain, hurt, and confusion we experience because of the lack of tolerance and acceptance of us from our Baha'i brothers and sisters. Our devotions on Sunday morning included the naming of the many people we once knew who had passed on due to suicide or complications from AIDS, and the recitation of the long healing prayer for their souls and the success of this meeting. The lives of so many precious friends so tragically cut short gave a special gravity to our gathering. We all experienced a powerful sense of urgency that some new openness and understanding be reached, not only for our own well being, but for the sake of future generations of gay men and lesbians, and further, for the good of the Faith itself. Many of us have been in hiding from our Baha'i communities, we have all been made to feel unwelcome in our own religion. For a few of us, it seems that alienation, confusion, and despair has been too heavy a burden to bear..."

Memorandum (1993): "Mrs. xxxx, in a letter to the Universal House of Justice dated 15 March 1993, has raised several questions about the Baha'i view of homosexuality. A number of her questions arise from an article she has read recently in the Atlantic Monthly magazine which supports the view that homosexual tendencies are biologically based. In particular she expresses concern for the plight of several Baha'i men whom she knows and who are faced with the difficult struggle against their homosexual preferences. We provide the following response. We attach a selection of extracts from the Writings of Baha'u'llah, and from letters written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi and of the Universal House of Justice pertaining to homosexuality. These extracts offer many insights into the subject. In particular we direct Mrs. xxxx's attention to the letters of the Universal House of Justice. They provide clear summaries of the Baha'i view of homosexuality and also discuss, in the context of the homosexual affliction, the nature and purpose of man and the spiritual struggles with which he must contend in this life. In consideration of the questions raised by Mrs. xxxx, we summarize below some of the fundamental points made in the attached extracts:..."

Sex and Values (1996): "There is nothing 'natural' about human sexual activity, let alone the ideas people have about sex. There is nothing 'natural' about human family or marriage systems. Reproduction of the species requires that male and female gametes be brought together. How they are brought together is biologically irrelevant. That the vast majority of human erotic activity does not bring gametes together is also irrelevant. Human erotic activity is situated in specific socio-cultural contexts. Family and marriage systems are situated in specific socio-cultural contexts. There is no such thing as 'natural' erotic activity, a 'natural' family, or 'natural' family values. Part of the operation of any culture is producing a feeling of 'naturalness' (inevitability, humanness) in its members about what they do. The challenge for global thinking is to be able to stand aside from this spurious feeling of 'naturalness' about one's own cultural arrangements; to stand aside not only from what actually occurs but also from what is -supposed- to occur. It is unlikely that concepts linked to and privileging highly specific attitudes and behaviors are useful in terms of articulating a globally applicable morality. It is more likely that core concepts that can be applied in many specific socio- cultural contexts will be useful." - Related discussion/disagreements.  See also:  The Provisions for Sexuality in the Kitab-i-Aqdas in the Context of Late Nineteenth Century Eastern and Western Sexual Ideologies

The Gay Baha'i (Bahai) Website: The only Gay Baha'i web site. Here Gay, Lesbian, Bi-Sexual and Transgendered Baha'is can chat and know that they are not alone. - Speak Up Against Baha'i Discrimination Against Homosexuals (2007).  - GLBT Baha'is and their allies: Support/Discussion Group


Islam and homosexuality: "More liberal movements... generally regard homosexuality as a sexual orientation which is ethically neutral, fixed, unchosen, and is normal and natural for a minority of adults. More conservative movements tend to stress revelation and tradition. Their beliefs are anchored to the past. Their beliefs are much less liable to change rapidly. They generally regard homosexuality as a deviate and disordered behavior, which is immoral, changeable, chosen, abnormal and unnatural." - Homosexuality [Sodomy and Lesbianism]. - Homosexuality and Lesbianism have no place in Islam. - What is Islam's view of homosexuality? (Alternate Link): "There is no doubt that in Islam homosexuality is considered 'sinful'. Homosexuality as far as Islam is concerned is a profound mistake ( as are all sins if they are not intending to do wrong). Humans are not homosexuals by nature. People become homosexuals because of their environments. Particularly critical is the environment during puberty." - Homosexuality [Sodomy and Lesbianism]: by Naseer Ahmad Faruqui: "Had I not been asked by an esteemed and learned friend from England to write on this subject, I would not have done it. Firstly, because it is, to me at least, such a shameful subject to discuss. Secondly, it is such an obvious perversion that it has been described in legal books and other literature as an "unnatural offence". However, I feel that the subject should now be discussed openly..." Homosexuality: The Cost to Society. - Jewish gay rights leader tells extremists: "our gentle innocent blood will be on your hands." - The story of a lesbian Muslim American and her path of self discovery and acceptance (2008). - A Gay Muslim American Teen....my life-long dilemma (2007). - British gay Muslims seek Islamic weddings (2011). - At Muslim LGBTQ retreat, attendees try to reconcile their faith and sexuality (2013): But there was also a locked Facebook page. And a strict rule: Attendees should not disclose the retreat’s exact location. That’s because the 85 people who gathered in the Pennsylvania woods over Memorial Day weekend had come from 19 states and three countries for a somewhat surprising event: a three-day LGBTQ Muslim and Partners Retreat. Some wore T-shirts that read, “Muslim + Gay = Fabulous.” They prayed. They attended workshops about pioneering progressive Muslims. Ever heard of Isabelle Eberhardt, a.k.a. Mahmoud Saadi, a convert to Islam who challenged gender norms at the turn of the 20th century?

Daayiee Abdullah: Being Out And Being Muslim (2010): Often, individuals who identify as non-heterosexual are found in the fringes of not only societies, but communities and families as well. They are often over-looked and cast aside as individuals that have a place only in the margins of society, safe in the outer-realms of our comfort zone. When homosexuality enters the sphere of religion they are told that their sexual orientation is a sin and will face serious consequences in the afterlife. The branding of homosexuality as “evil” has kept many people living a double life: by day they are pious and by night they are pious and homosexual. One of the most challenging spheres for sexual freedom is in Islam. Enter imam Daayie Abdullah. Imam Abdullah is the only openly gay imam — a Muslim community leader - in North America.. - Un imam homosexuel perd son statut officiel (2011, Translation). - Imam blesses union of gay Muslim couple in France (2012). - Gay Muslim men have marriage blessed in France (2012). - Progressive Muslims Launch Gay-Friendly, Women-Led Mosques In Attempt To Reform American Islam (2012). - Norway: the story of a homosexual Muslim (2008): 'Hassam' , a Norwegian Muslim homosexual, was sent by his parents to his homeland to be cured. When that didn't work, his father disowned him.  'Hassam' tried to hide his sexual inclination from his parents. to check his father's attitude, he asked his father what he would do if he had a homosexual son. His father said he would kill him.  When his parents discovered 'Hassam' last spring, he was so pressured that he fled from home. The social services intervened, he stayed in a foster home and later in a youth institution. Several times his parents tried to draw him out of his secret place of residence, once by lying that his mother was in the hospital. 'Hassam' sat alone in his room and missed his little siblings. Finally he contacted his mother. "My parents promised that they'll accept me. Therefore i came back home again."  Instead 'Hassam' was sent to his homeland to be 'cured' of homosexuality. If the cure wouldn't work, his parents agreed to accept him as he was.

Islam 'recognizes homosexuality': Homosexuals and homosexuality are natural and created by God, thus permissible within Islam, a discussion concluded here Thursday. Moderate Muslim scholars said there were no reasons to reject homosexuals under Islam, and that the condemnation of homosexuals and homosexuality by mainstream ulema and many other Muslims was based on narrow-minded interpretations of Islamic teachings. Siti Musdah Mulia of the Indonesia Conference of Religions and Peace cited the Koran's al-Hujurat (49:3) that one of the blessings for human beings was that all men and women are equal, regardless of ethnicity, wealth, social positions or even sexual orientation... Condemnation of homosexuality was voiced by two conservative Muslim groups, the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) and Hizbut Thahir Indonesia (HTI). "It's a sin. We will not consider homosexuals an enemy, but we will make them aware that what they are doing is wrong," MUI deputy chairman Amir Syarifuddin said. - Queer Sexuality and Identity in the Qur'an and Hadith. - To Be Gay and Muslim (2002). - Homosexual and 'passionate about Islam' (2006): Britain's gay Muslims struggle with sexuality, religion, and discrimination.

The Islamic Ruling on Homosexuality. (Alternate Link): "Just as a person who has a sexual urge should not satsfy it by committing zina, a person who has this perverted thought should not act upon it. In order to maintain the purity of the Muslim society, most Muslim scholars have ruled that the punishment for this act should be the same as for zina (i.e. one hundred whiplashes for the man who has never married, and death by stoning for the married man). Some have even ruled that it should be death for both partners, because the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, said: "Kill the doer and the one to whom it was done."" - Holy Hatred: Homosexuality in Muslim countries: "The majority of Muslim countries outlaw same-sex relationships. The seven countries in the world that carry the death penalty for persons presumed guilty of homosexual acts, justify this punishment with the Shari'a. Culture is not, however, always "against us and there are positive examples of same-sex relationships to be found in different Muslim cultures," she writes."  - Islam & Homosexuality.: "Homosexuality is unlawful in Islam. It is neither accepted by the state nor by the Islamic Society. Quran clearly states that it is unjust, un-natural, transgression, ignorant,criminal and corrupt. The people living in the time of prophet LOT (Nephew Of Abraham) near the Dead Sea were involved in this Act and Allah punished them severely and the whole nation was destroyed. Muslim Jurists agree that, if proven of guilt, both of them should be killed. However jurists differ on the methadology of capital Punishment..." - Homosexualité et Islam. - Islamic treatment of homosexuals. - TIMEasia.com: 'Homosexuality is a Crime Worse Than Murder': Interview with Malaysia's morality police. - Being Muslim and Homosexual in Malaysia.

GALHA Briefing on Islam and Homosexuality: “Homosexuality, Bestiality, Lesbianism, Adultery And Fornication: The Deadly Diseases”. This is the title of a leaflet produced by Al-Muhajiroun, a controversial British Muslim group, condemning what it calls these “crimes against humanity”. It is easy to dismiss such hysteria as the ravings of a lunatic fringe, and Al-Muhajiroun are regarded even by many Muslims as extreme. Unfortunately for sexual minorities, whatever Al-Muhajiroun’s views may be on other Islamic matters, when it comes to their attitudes towards homosexuals they are definitely mainstream. Similar intolerant pronouncements can be found emanating from almost any Muslim organisation, government or apologist..." - Killing gay men is OK, says British imam: (Alternate Link) "The leading imam in Manchester, England, confirms that he thinks the execution of sexually active gay men is justified, the rights group Outrage reported. Arshad Misbahi of the Manchester Central Mosque confirmed his views in a conversation to John Casson, a local psychotherapist..."

Multiculturalism and Islam: Civil Unions and Homosexuality: Islam has always been merciless on homosexual relations. Yet there is silence in Italy among Muslims on civil unions and homosexuality. There is a kind of manipulation of Islam on the part of liberal progressivism. If Europe and America want to change the concept of “family”, they must take account of universal religious traditions. Multiculturalism is not helping the West to be itself, nor is it helping the Muslims of Europe to integrate better in their new countries. I would like to demonstrate this point by examining the question of homosexuality and the family in the Islamic tradition and in today’s Islamic world...

Homosexuality & Islam (History). - Islam: Same-Sex Sexual Activity and Lesbian and Bisexual Women: "Same-sex sexual activity is a taboo subject for many Muslims. Some go so far as to deny that gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals exist in Muslim societies today or even that sexual activity between men or between women has existed in Islamic history. Rather, they claim that such issues are “western” or “modern.” Those who do acknowledge the topic generally agree that the Qur’an explicitly forbids all same-sex sexual activity and that Islamic law prescribes dire punishments for it. Thus, in dealing with same-sex sexual behavior among Muslims, there are two key issues: First, what is practiced? Answering this question involves determining what the historical role of lesbian women and female same-sex sexual behavior, for example, has been. Second, and more importantly for contemporary Muslims grappling with the issues raised by same-sex attractions, what is permissible? Just because some Muslims in the past have behaved in a certain way does not mean it is religiously legitimate to do so. This essay will briefly address the first question of past practice, then turn to a discussion of permissibility..."

Is it possible for Muslims to talk about homosexuality in terms acceptable to their religion? "In this paper I attempt to answer the above question. I begin with selected passages from Islamic sources relating to sexuality. Next, I will discuss views of same-gender-sex taken from Islamic literature. Thirdly, I present a thematic cataloguing of information concerning Islam and homosexuality. This systematic classification of the material is intended to make the subject more accessible and debatable for Muslims. Lastly, I defend this approach and close with a summary..." - Gay and Muslim: "In 1998, at a student conference on Islamophobia at King's College, London, a man politely greeted the audience. His next words caused uproar. "I am a gay Muslim," he began. Those were his only audible words. For members of the majority Muslim audience, the expression was enough to ignite the most passionate opposition. Some people began to shout, while others came raging down to confront the speaker. Security was called and the conference came to a premature end..." Out and Muslim in the United Kingdom.: "The slender figure of 19 year-old Muhammad Mustafa* sits on the battered sofa of his London bed-sit. "I have to be careful", he says, peering out of the window to check that no-one is coming to the door. "I don’t even tell my friends where I live". Several weeks earlier, his brothers had beaten him unconscious while his mother, chanting the name of Allah, looked on impassively. Later, a religious leader said he should be killed. Why? Because Muhammad is gay - and Muslim..." - Islamic fundamentalism in Britain.: "For Muslim extremists in Britain, the growing social acceptance of homosexuality symbolises everything that is wrong with democratic, secular western culture. They seem to hate queers more than the racism and poverty that blights their communities. Despite having experienced much prejudice and discrimination themselves, they show no empathy for those who are victimised because of their sexual orientation... Although not all Muslims are anti-gay, significant numbers are violently homophobic – often due to the intolerant, inflammatory teachings of Mullahs and Imams."The debate facing gay Muslims: "The aim here is to provide information and support for Gay Muslims. There is no real support out there - only condemnation is to be found. However, as  some people are CREATED gay, they have a valid place in God's Creation. Gays need to organise and help each other. In this way they will be able to better understand themselves, their position in society and, most importantly, they will be able to have fulfilling lives as our Creator intended. As Muslims, we are interested in the TRUTH. We respect serious academic research and we therefore have to take into account the latest findings about Gays..."

Results of a Preliminary Australian Study on Muslim Attitudes towards Homosexuality and their Religious Orientations: "The title of the study was: Homonegativity, religious orientations, and right-wing authoritarianism amongst Muslims. The motivation for such a study was not to reaffirm the already pervasive prejudicial view on Muslims and their attitudes towards certain issues, nor was the study just to merely add to the lack of data that exists among existing research on Muslim populations. The study was an inherent academic challenge to see how religious people of a conservative nature can adhere to certain moral values but still remain open-minded. However, the first part of this broad study focused on Muslim attitudes towards homosexuality, which has shown some surprising results. The study also measured Muslims on how they weighed up on conservative religious beliefs and right-wing authoritarianism. Eighty-two attendees from various Islamic lectures around Sydney volunteered to participate in the study..." - Toronto Muslims battle 'gay positive' education (1999): "'Gay-positive' education is on the minds of many Toronto Muslim parents these days. While the province's Conservative government claims to be bringing in a back-to-basics curriculum, and Toronto schools claim that their resources are being stretched to the limit by the provision of ESL (English as a second language) classes, time and money can still be found to inform the students that they can choose to be homosexuals! The Toronto School Board pays social workers to go to schools and hold workshops on gay and lesbian issues. Parents charge that permission-forms or notices about these workshops vaguely describe them as promoting 'equity and tolerance' to ensure that people do not know what they are allowing their children to take part in. In May of this year, students from some Toronto schools brought permission-forms home informing their parents of the title of a play which they were to see, with the fact that the play was about homosexuality left unmentioned. Many Muslim parents were furious and the school board found it necessary to meet with them and promise that in future notices would be more specific..." 

Sex Education: 7 Tips on Talking to Kids About Homosexuality: "Clearly outline what is homosexual behavior. This can be uncomfortable, but a young Muslim, even one who attends Islamic school, most probably has heard about homosexuality from television, newspapers, radio, and/or non-Muslim friends. This is also important because in many Muslim cultures, it is not uncommon to find people of the same sex kissing on the cheeks, hugging, or holding hands. None of these actions are deemed sexual in any way. So this is why a child must not confuse real Halal affection between his brothers or her sisters, versus deviant sexual behavior... This point is important because one of the main aims of sex is to produce children in order to continue human life. Homosexuality does not yield any children. It is a relationship purely for the sake of pleasure, which is not only unnatural, but leads to disease and death... Make it clear people are not born that way. “We're born that way, so deal with it,” is the mantra of a number of gays. This is not true. ”They are putting the blame on God,” says Sakr. “If it is true, why in the world does God have to send an earthquake to the people of Lot in [the northern] part of Palestine, because they were the first group of people who started committing homosexuality.” ... Make the distinction between desires and actions. It should be noted that some people may have the desire to engage in homosexual sex, but that does not mean they have acted on that. In Islam the punishment is for the act, not the feelings... Emphasize the importance of Islamic practice in keeping these desires away. The only way we can truly protect ourselves from homosexuality, whether it is in the development of feelings, or in the actual sexual practice of it is to always remember Allah. This means following the basics: prayers, fasting, Dua, etc. Even the basics done sincerely and regularly can, Insha Allah, provide a fortress against Shaytan... As well, maintaining an Islamic dress code even in front of the same sex, is important. In Islam, for example, a man cannot see the body of another man between the naval and knees. Contrast this with high school gym classes, where boys will often shower together, usually in complete nudity. The same happens in girls' locker rooms. Parents and Muslim communities must be on guard against these types of situations, which are not only dangerous to a young Muslim's Islamic practice, but can also make them the prey of gays and/or lesbians. - Sex and Sexuality in Islam. (Alternate Link)

The Queer Jihad. (Essays & Articles) -  Gay Muslim Poets N/A. - Gay Muslims Meet in London: Retreat Hailed a Success. - Homosexual Erotica in Muslim Countries. - If Being Muslim is Wrong, I Don’t Want to Be Right. - Can you be gay and a Muslim? (2000, Alternate Link) Yusuf Islam, the musician formerly known as Cat Stevens, thinks not, and he has thrown his weight behind Baroness Young's campaign to retain Section 28. But he cannot speak for all Muslims any more than the noble lady can speak for every Christian. Increasingly, lesbian and gay Muslims are coming out about their pride in both their sexuality and their religion. Raza Griffiths reports..."  - La difficulté d'être homosexuel et musulman.

Homosexual Muslims of France. - Homosxuels Musulmans de France (Translation). - CALEM - la Conférence des Associations LGBTQIA, Européennes, Musulmanes (Translation).

Muslim and gay: 22-year-old starts Islamic gay association (1999) (Alternate Link): ""The Muslim community, as a whole, is in complete and utter denial about homosexuality," says Faisal Alam, 22-year-old founder of Al-Fatiha - the first organization ever for gay Muslims. "The conversation hasn't even begun. We're 200-300 years behind Catholicism." ... To start the conversation, Faisal gathered other gay, lesbian, bi, and trans Muslims via an Internet listserv that quickly spawned a retreat in Boston in October 1998. From this retreat, Al-Fatiha was born. The organization now boasts over 250 members in 20 countries... At 18, while in college, Faisal began living a dual life: 'Model Muslim Boy' during the day and 'Curious Gay Boy' at night. During his exploration of the existing gay communities, Faisal begain to realize how few role models there were for gay people as a whole, let alone gay Muslims. During this time, Faisal was outed to 2 of the 5 Muslim organizations he participated in. He left the others by choice and decided it was time to take action. Now, when he's not running Al-Fatiha and watching new gay Muslims come out each day, he works at the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force in D.C. to combat homophobia. Being spokesperson for a new movement has been exhausting, but Faisal has managed to keep a personal life - and a very happy one at that..." - Gay Muslims organizing online and off (1999): Cyberspace provided a much-needed connection, but many desire to meet face-to-face... This year, a North American conference is slated to take place in May in New York City; next year another international conference is being planned for South Africa. At the Boston conference a new organization for gay Muslims called Al-Fatiha (meaning "the opening") was formed. The membership of Al-Fatiha, organizers say, reflects the diversity of the Muslim population in the U.S. One member, a 50 year-old man from Switzerland who converted to Islam last year, points out that "the Muslim faith is not as monolithic as it is often presented." Of the 200 members of Al-Fatiha, 30 are African American. This reflects the fact that between 40 and 50 percent of Muslims in the U.S. are African-Americans. - Gay Muslims ‘taking part in history’ (1999): The spiritual becomes political: Gay Muslims convene to share thoughts, experiences: "When Sol Akbani was coming out, the concept of being Gay and Muslim was unimaginable.... Akbani, an oncologist in private practice in Dallas, said he is learning to reconcile his sexuality and spirituality. Akbani was one of about 60 people who last month attended what organizers said was the country's first conference for Gay Muslims. For some attendees, the four-day conference here was the first time that they had been able to talk openly about their sexuality in the presence of other Muslims... Al-Fatiha now has chapters in New York and several others cities. The group sponsored last month's conference at the New York City Lesbian and Gay Community Services Center... Many participants noted that the kind of conversations taking place over the weekend echoed similar discussions that have been taking place in Judaism and Christianity for a quarter of a century... For Alam, the weekend meant that "we have finally taken the first steps to come together as a Gay Lesbian, bisexual and transgender Muslim community." - Press Reelase for 1999 Conference (PDF Download). - Conference Report.

Al-Fatiha Foundation: dedicated to Muslims who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, questioning, those exploring their sexual orientation or gender identity, and their allies, families and friends. Al-Fatiha promotes the progressive Islamic notions of peace, equality and justice. We envision a world that is free from prejudice, injustice and discrimination, where all people are fully embraced and accepted into their faith, their families and their communities. Founded in 1998, Al-Fatiha Foundation is a registered US-based non-profit, non-governmental organization. - What We Do: Al Fatiha comprises of seven chapters in the United States, which act as primary places of social support for LGBTIQ Muslims... Al-Fatiha's major events which occur once every year in cities across the United States, serve as a vital place for LGBTIQ Muslims to gather and learn from each other, gain institutional resources from different organizations (including HIV/AIDS and asylum/immigration groups), and to meet other LGBTIQ Muslims from around the world. Al Fatiha retreats and conferences also serve as the venue for meetings between the board of directors and the chapter coordinators. Al Fatiha retreats and conferences also serve as the venue for publicizing the organization and its work to the larger mainstream LGBT movement... Al Fatiha regularly receives requests for information on seeking asylum based on sexual orientation from individuals who are living in the United States as well as LGBTIQ Muslims living in Muslim countries... Al Fatiha has adopted a clear social justice vision and perspective into its work. It was the first queer religious organization to include transgender and bisexual people at its inception. The organization also incorporates racial justice, economic justice, and gender equity into its work... Muslim countries continue to be some of the oppressive towards sexual minorities and other marginalized communities. Unfortunately under the guise of religion, authoritarian regimes across the Muslim world use colonial sodomy laws to crackdown on sexual and gender minorities... Scripture and Theology is perhaps the biggest barrier to dealing with the mainstream and orthodox community. To counter the spiritual violence that so many LGBTIQ Muslims face, which is perpetuated by anti-gay scripture and theology, Al Fatiha has brought together LGBTIQ and queer friendly Muslim theologians and religious academics to its major events (including retreats and conferences). These individuals offer alternative interpretations of the Quran, while also serving as spiritual resources to the LGBTIQ Muslim community. Al Fatiha has also created a "scholarship committee" comprising of twelve individuals who will put together a booklet and resource manual for the LGBTIQ Muslim community. This booklet serves to counter the anti-gay rhetoric faced by many, while also challenging traditional interpretations within the mainstream and orthodox Muslim community..."

Al-Fatiha Foundation: Conferences & Retreats Since 1998 & Related Information Links/Download. - Publications & Articles. - Other Resources. - Old Al-Fatiha Foundation Website. - Gay Muslims Rejected But United: He was only 19, active in his mosque, a leader of Islamic youth groups. He fasted during Ramadan and tried to pray five times a day. But none of that could assuage his deep pain. And so on a cold day in November 1997, Faisal Alam tried something he hoped would help. He sat down at the computer and typed a shocking e-mail to Muslim student associations across the country: "Is anyone out there a gay Muslim?" The response was immediate. Hundreds debated the issue, with many condemning the very idea of homosexuals practicing Islam. Most interpretations of the Koran find that it forbids homosexual actions. In a few majority-Muslim countries, including Saudi Arabia and Afghanistan, it is punishable by death. "Being gay and Muslim is impossible," one message said. But ultimately, Alam found he wasn't alone. "I didn't know there was anyone out there like me," one of the messages read. With that e-mail, Alam started what has become the first and largest group for gay Muslims in the United States. The group, Al-Fatiha, which means "the opening" in Arabic and is the title of the first chapter of the Koran, now has more than 300 members and seven branches, including those in Washington, Atlanta, New York and San Francisco...

Homosexual and 'passionate about Islam': Britain's gay Muslims struggle with sexuality, religion, and discrimination (2006): "Imaan, which means faith in Arabic, has around 300 members, most of whom have not told their families that they are gay. While members vary in how rigidly they keep to Islamic practices like praying five times a day and eating halal food, Ubaid said Imaan is for people who believe that they can be gay and Muslim. If they were raised in a Muslim family but have renounced the religion, Imaan probably would not appeal to them. The group was started in 1998 as a branch of the U.S. gay Muslim group, Al-Fatiha, after its American members visited London. It serves as a support network, and is a meeting place for people to pray together and celebrate Islamic holidays. Imaan hosts conferences that deal with such topics as culture, Islamaphobia, non-Muslim partners, HIV and Islam, relatives of gay Muslims, and trans-sexual Muslims. And some members take part in gay pride events. On July 1, around 25 Imaan members rode atop a float in the EuroPride 06 parade in London. With banners reading "Gay Muslims unveiled" and flags of the United Kingdom and from across the Islamic world, they waved cheerfully at the crowd..."  - Allah's Hidden Children (2000): First London GLBT Muslim Retreat (PDF Download). - Gay, Muslim and proud? FV reviews Gay Muslims, a Channel 4 documentary: "This insightful document began with the producers telling us that, of the 200 gay Muslims they approached to participate, only five were willing to go before the camera. The experiences of those brave individuals make it clear why the others stayed away. .. The only participant in the programme who showed his face is a Pakistani man called Adnan Ali. After suffering years of homophobic abuse he fled to London and founded the LGBT Muslim group Al-Fatiha. Adnan has come to reconcile his faith and his sexuality through the belief that Islam is a religion of diversity and tolerance. For him it is cultural distortions of the religion that have resulted in Muslim homophobia." - Festival of Muslim Cultures says gay Muslims “give offence” and bans gay Muslim exibits or participation in festival (2006).

Gays and lesbians in the Muslim community are quietly shattering one of the final taboos of Islam (Globe & Mail, 2003): "[He] attempted suicide twice before he turned 18. Growing up in Lahore, Pakistan, the eldest son of devout Muslim parents, he could never come to terms with, let alone explore, his attraction to other men. His best attempts to fake interest in girls failed to impress his peers, who began to bully the self-described "effeminate" man. "It was easy for other kids to practise kick-boxing on me," recalls Mr. Malik, now 25. In 1992, he tried to hang himself from the ceiling fan in his room. If it was a cry for help, it fell on hostile ears since suicide is a haram - religious wrong - in Islamic law. "My dad's reaction was really bad - he beat me. I was frustrated with my own life. I had no one to talk to, not even my own parents." In 1997, after a disastrous infatuation with a high-school friend - who later committed suicide after being forced into an arranged marriage - Mr. Malik tried to take his life one more time. Again, he faced the wrath of his parents, who didn't understand the reason for his depression. Today in Halifax, where he is studying tourism and hotel management at Mount Saint Vincent University..."

To Be Gay and Muslim [and South Asian] (2002): "Gay Muslims look for alternative interpretations to Islam's view on homosexuality. One gay Muslim is training to be an imam, or religious scholar, in Washington D.C. He prefers to go by Abdala because other Muslim scholars don't know he's gay. Abdala hopes to use his education to help fellow gay Muslims come to terms with their sexuality. "I'm training to be an imam so I can provide a better service of how to live in this society," Abdala said. Abdala does not believe that the Quoran condemns homosexuality. He explains that in the religious text, men are punished 'for raping and abusing other men' not for engaging in consensual sex. "I've always challenged scholars because they're heterosexual and that's why they interpreted it that way," Abdala said. "I think I'm breaking new ground." Still, Abdala acknowledges that he hasn't been open about his homosexuality in training. His instructors have said that being gay is going against good ethics and morals. He worries that coming out would impede the training process and hurt his chances of graduation. If Abdala doesn't graduate, he won't be able to offer religious services to other gay Muslims. Abdala has good reason to worry..."

'Islamic Anti-Gay Prejudices are Culture-Based, Not Quran-Caused' - Muslim Homosexuals Host 1st International Retreat in Boston. - What's wrong with being gay and Muslim? The Qur'anic verses usually cited as condemning homosexuality are by no means as clear or unequivocal as people imagine (2006): "Dr Badawi, who died earlier this year, told the magazine: "Homosexuality has always existed and continues to exist in all Islamic countries ... Many high-ranking leaders in the Islamic world are gay." ... "Just like the Bible, the Qur'an has a number of verses that are popularly regarded as condemning homosexuality. As in the Bible, they are comparatively few and open to a variety of interpretations. What the Qur'an actually says about this is discussed more fully in my book 'Unspeakable Love' (published next week), but the key point is that the verses usually cited are by no means as clear or unequivocal as people imagine..." - Muslim Moral Instruction on Homosexuality (PDF Download): "Most Muslims (and non-Muslims) believe that Islam prohibits any same-sex sexual activity and that homosexuality is irreconcilable with being Muslim. As a result, Muslim lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) young people often struggle to reconcile their sexual orientation with their cultural or religious identities and the consequences of their “coming out” (or being “found out”) can be extremely harsh. In addition, stereotypical ideas of LGB people and Muslims reinforce prejudices and misconceptions in both LGB and Muslim communities. This, in turn, contributes to the stigmatisation and discrimination faced by Muslims, LGB people, and Muslim LGB people alike. Education and dialogue on religion and homosexuality is important in order to encourage a better understanding and mutual respect amongst individuals and communities as well as to empower Muslim LGB young people to deal with the questions and issues they face... A few progressive Muslim scholars have argued that it may be possible for Muslims to view same-sex relationships positively. They refer, for example, to gender-neutral verses in the Quran affirming the importance of companionship and love between people, not just between a man and a woman. They argue that an affirmation of these relationships through a form of a Muslim “marriage” or “union” could be possible within a progressive Muslim framework..."

Hate Crimes: "I think we have to look at all the potential consequences to the coalition that the U.S. is trying to build, and the way it's building it," warns Surina Khan, executive director of the International Lesbian and Gay Human Rights Commission (ILGHRC). Born in Pakistan and raised in an Islamic family, Khan is more than familiar with the policies of some of the hard-line Islamic countries the U.S. has bolstered and whose abuses the U.S. has excused. While much of the Muslim world has condemned the terror attacks, views Islamic terrorists and regimes like the Taliban as having twisted the tenets of Islam, and may be more moderate toward women, on the issue of homosexuality Islam is fairly uniform across the board, as is much of Christianity. "Homophobia runs through mainstream, conservative, and fundamentalist elements of Islam," says Khan. "It's a common thread that runs through every Muslim nation."

Unspeakable Love: Gay and Lesbian Life in the Middle East - 2006 - by Brian Whitaker (Amazon): "In this absorbing account, Guardian journalist Brian Whitaker paints a disturbing picture of people who live secretive, often fearful lives; of daughters and sons beaten and ostracised by their families or sent to be ‘cured’ by psychiatrists; of men imprisoned and flogged for ‘behaving like women’; of others who have been jailed simply for trying to find love on the Internet. Amid all the talk of reform in the Middle East, homosexuality is one issue that almost everyone in the region would prefer to ignore, and yet there are pockets of change and tolerance..." - Book Review/Summary:  Whitaker is a journalist and it shows in this survey of homosexuality in the middle east. When he has people's stories to tell, and interviews to play with, whether his own or second-hand reporting from OutUK on the underground gay scene in Saudi Arabia, the prose shines and the story flies. But the last two hundred pages, where he gets down to cultural, legal and religious arguments, slow down considerably... Endemic hypocrisy, the importance of "honour", and the strength of family ties all play a big part in the opening chapters' descriptions. Young Arabs (and almost all Whitaker's interview subjects are young) are shipped off to psychiatrists who treat them with electric shocks, or beaten by their brothers, or kicked out of the house (or threatened with the same). And many play along with the game - one Palestinian-American Whitaker interviews declares his intention to get married when he turns 30 - to a lesbian woman from a good Muslim family... For his final chapter, en route to a conclusion, Whitaker is sidetracked into a massive nerd-fight with Columbia University professor (and former Daniel Pipes target) Joseph Massad, who is apparently an asshole. Massad claims that "homosexuality" and "heterosexuality" are Western inventions, and that by agitating for gay rights, the "Gay International" is somehow limiting the possibilities for sexual expression in the Arab world. As Whitaker points out, rather more respectfully than Massad deserves, the typical newspaper word for "homosexual" is shaadh or "pervert/deviant" - and if Arab sexuality is so category-free, what precisely is the shaadh deviating from? - Intolerant cruelty: "Five years after the tide turned against homosexuals in Egypt with the infamous Queen Boat trial, a book delving into the underground and taboo world occupied by gays and lesbians in the Middle East has just been published..."

Book Review: Unspeakable Love: "Unspeakable Love has repeatedly been called "groundbreaking", and in many ways it is. Never before has such a comprehensive study of gay civil rights been published, or so widely available to the public... First, I'm not sure if I agree with lumping modern Arab societies into one whole. The modern states are so different, and there has been an orientalist history of blurring the Arab people into one united, faceless mass... For the interviews that Whitaker cites as research, his selection of people seems like a skimming of fat from a bucket of milk. They are almost all male, almost all in their twenties, and seem to be from higher classes of society. When I went to the book opening at the Zico House in Beirut in March, it was clear that Whitaker did not speak very good Arabic. He seems to have done all the interviews himself, which explains this problem: young, gay, wealthy men are the easiest segment of gay society for someone like Whitaker to find. They are more likely to speak English, have more social freedom, and go to places where a Westerner can find them. Unfortunately, they are hardly representative, and thus give a skewed view of gay life in the Middle East, as does the fact that they are from the Levant and Egypt, which are very different from the Gulf. The Levant and Egypt, sadly, dominate the book, leaving everyday gay life in the Gulf shadowed in uncertainty..." - People think it's a mental illness:"In the Middle East, coming out as a homosexual is often unthinkable. Brian Whitaker talks to young gay and lesbian Arabs about their secret private lives."  - Unspeakable Love: New Book on Gay Arabs gives voice to gay Arabs: "To his credit, Whitaker does not shy away from but rather dives into the murky questions surrounding homosexuality in the Middle East. Is homosexuality a Western import and a sign of modernity's moral decay? How does that square with the Orientalist fantasy of the Middle East as a lush gay paradise? How do young people today distinguish between homosexuality as a practice and homosexuality as a self-proclaimed identity? ... Three things become palpably clear from reading the book. The first is that social attitudes are the single-most mind-crushing factor for young men and women in Arab world who are trying to deal with the fact that they are attracted to members of the same sex. More so than legal statutes or religious edicts, the pressure to marry is what pushes many of these young men and women to the breaking point. The second is that because not only homosexuality in particular but sexuality in general remain so stubbornly taboo in the Middle East, there is a dangerous dearth of reliable information, education and counseling available for gay men, lesbian women and their respective families... The third is that the push for gay rights in the region is very much tied to wider issues of social and political reform. "It's not just about gay rights," says Whitaker. "It's about the whole issue of reform, and reform is not just about elections."

Re-Orienting Desire: The Gay International and the Arab World. by Joseph Massad (Public Culture, 2002, 14(2): 361-385). Excerpt: "By inciting discourse about homosexuals where none existed before, the Gay International is in fact heterosexualizing a world that is being forced to be fixed by a Western binary. Because most non-Western civilizations, including Muslim Arab civilization, have not subscribed historically to these categories, their imposition is producing less than liberatory outcomes: men who are considered the passive or receptive parties in male-male sexual contacts are forced to have one object choice and identify as homosexual or gay, just as men who are the "active" partners are also forced to limit their sexual aim to one object choice, women or men. Most "active" partners see themselves as part of a societal norm, so heterosexuality becomes compulsory given that the alternative, as presented by the Gay International, means becoming marked outside the norm—with all the attendant risks and disadvantages of such a marking. Also, most Arab and Muslim countries that do not have laws against sexual contact between men respond to the Gay International's incitement to discourse by professing antihomosexual stances on a nationalist basis. This is leading to harassment by police in some cases and could lead to antihomosexual legislation. Those countries that already have unenforced laws have begun to enforce them. Ironically, this is the very process through which "homosexuality" was invented in the West. It is not the Gay International or its upper-class supporters in the Arab diaspora who will be persecuted but rather the poor and nonurban men who practice same-sex contact and who do not identify as homosexual or gay. The so-called passive homosexual whom the Gay International wants to defend against social denigration will find himself in a double bind: first, his sexual desires will be unfulfilled because he will no longer have access to his previously available sexual object choice (i.e., exclusively active partners, as in the interim they will have become heterosexual); and second, he will fall victim to legal and police persecution as well as heightened social denigration as his sexual practice becomes a topic of public discourse that transforms it from a practice into an identity. When the Gay Internationalincites discourse on homosexuality in the non-Western world, it claims that the "liberation" of those it defends lies in the balance. In espousing this liberation project, the Gay Internationalis destroying social and sexual configurations of desire in the interest of reproducing a world in its own image, one wherein its sexual categories and desires are safe from being questioned. Because it has solicited and received some support from Arab and Muslim native informants who are mostly located in the United States and who accept its sexual categories and identities, the Gay International's imperialist epistemological task is proceeding apace with little opposition from the majority of the sexual beings it wants to "liberate" and whose social and sexual worlds it is destroying in the process. In undertaking this universalizing project, the Gay Internationalultimately makes itself feel better about a world it forces to share its identifications. Its missionary achievement, however, will be the creation not of a queer planet but rather a straight one." - Note: The present western "gay" concept for male homosexuality is a recent socially constructed invention and there have been great ongoing efforts to destroy other socially constructed forms of male homosexuality that are decreed to be inferior to (less than) the western "gay" concept. An example of this is embodied in this paper: "Suck My Nation - Masculinity, Ethnicity and the Politics of (Homo)sex" - by Sasho A. Lambevski (Sexualities, 1999, 2(4): 397-419). Abtstract. Full Text: PDF Download).

Muslim Cultural Resources for the gay, bisexual, lesbian, and transgender people. - Gay and Lesbian Arabs: Resources- The Gay Mosque. - LGBT Muslim Retreat

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Judaism and Homosexuality: Reform Judaism. - Jewish views on homosexuality (Wikipedia).- Jewish views of homosexuality. - Homosexuality and Judaism by Ian Silver: What is Homosexuality? - What about homosexual Jews? - Judaism and Gays. - Jewish Law - Commentary/Opinion - Homosexuality. - Homosexuality: Is There a Unique Torah Perspective? - Judaism and Homosexuality: Myth and Emeth. - Judaism and Homosexuality: Against All Odds, or Gaining Acceptance? - Even among educated Jews, gay-bashing still continues. - Jewish and gay in SLO County: Identity clashes with tradition for ‘sinning Jews’.- Conservative Judaism leader seeks review of view of gays. - How can you be gay and Jewish- Être juif et gay en France. - Gay Jewish students in UK hold solidarity vigil: "A group of gay and lesbian Jewish students held a peaceful vigil in central London on Friday to coincide with the conclusion of the Jerusalem gay pride march to "show solidarity with our brothers and sisters in Israel" following the week of violence by sections of the haredi community in Jerusalem prior to Friday's gay pride march." - Areleh Harel: The Orthodox Rabbi Helping Gay Men Marry Lesbians  (2011): Six years ago, Areleh Harel, an Orthodox rabbi from the West Bank, devised a plan to help an Orthodox Jewish gay man fulfill his dream of becoming a husband and father while keeping him in good standing with Jewish law and his community of believers. The solution: marry him to a lesbian. - Trembling Before G-d: Turning A Movie Into A Movement (2013). - Let's talk about sects: Orthodox Jews join national conversation on homosexuality (2015).

Lev Raphael on Being Gay and Jewish: "The relationship between organized religion, in general, and the gay community has not always been a pleasant one. The troubled path of navigating religious faith and sexual orientation creates a conflict of identity. To address these subjects and more, Combined Jewish Philanthropies’ Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgendered (GLBT) Team asked award-winning author Lev Raphael to come to Boston and speak about Dueling Identities: Being Gay and Jewish on Monday, March 26th, 2007 at 7:00 pm at a private home in Newton..." - Student, Jewish school star in documentary on Jewish lesbian: "In the poignant opening frames of the new film 'Hineini,' Shulamit Izen thumbs through stacks of books at her local library, searching for an answer to the following question: "Is it possible to be Jewish and a lesbian?" - Being gay and Jewish: Negotiating intersecting identities. - Yes, it’s possible to be gay and frum. - Inside Hillel's Closet: "Merging gay and Jewish identities is a continuous, arduous process, but for those who are successful, it can be extremely rewarding. In the words of Josh Sonnen: "I've had a wonderful experience being a gay Jew. I recommend it for everybody."" - Nehirim: A Spiritual Initiative for GLBT Jews: "Nehirim: A Spiritual Initiative for GLBT Jews creates innovative programming, builds community, and offers authentic, life-affirming spiritual paths for Jewish members of sexual or gender minorities. At our annual retreat, as well as during occasional programming throughout the year, we create transformative, wonderful, and vital sacred space and a joyous community that changes lives. Through this work, we welcome GLBT Jews into the Jewish community, and in turn, build a more vibrant, diverse, and inclusive Jewish community by incorporating the gifts of GLBT people."

Mentsh: On Being Jewish and Queer - 2004 - edited by Angela Brown: "Tossed between sometimes contradictory cultural imperatives, queer Jews often find themselves in a soul-searching struggle to integrate their religious beliefs with their gayness." - Sorting the Alphabet Soup of Sexual Orientation and Identity: a Guide to LBGT Sources (PDF Download): "When a person in our community "comes out," it causes a ripple effect. People who have never thought about homosexuality or sexual or gender identity issues, or who did so only reluctantly, suddenly must deal with a new issue in their lives and have to try to figure out how it fits into a Jewish context. As librarians, we may have contact with gays and lesbians, their families, their rabbis, their social workers, and friends. There are many resources that address sexual orientation and gender/sexual identity in a Jewish context that we can point them to. In this presentation, I will go over Library of Congress subject headings, discuss print (book and journal) resources, and highlight some online resources..." - On Being Lesbian or Gay and jewish

Why Judaism Rejected Homosexuality. - Sodomy, Rape, Homosexuality and the Jewish Family. - Judaism and Homosexuality. - The Jewish GLBT Manual: Some of our stories... - Judaism and Homosexuality - Traditional Judaism and Rabbi Boteach. - Orthodox Jewish responses to homosexuality. - Homosexuality and Conservative Judaism: A resolution of the Rabbinical Assembly. - Positions of other streams of Judaism on GLBT issues. - Conservative Judaism Catches Up. - Rabbis attack gay inclusion in Shoah museum. - Judaism and Homosexuality: Rabbi Chaim Rapoport, Member of The Chief Rabbi's Cabinet. - The gay question and the Jewish question: "At the same time as the Conservative Movement's Committee on Law and Standards reached its groundbreaking decision of recognition of same-sex union and on the ordination of openly gay rabbis, the Knesset voted against the registration of same-sex couples who were married abroad. The Conservative Movement, the second biggest Jewish denomination in America, is not the first to tackle the "gay question," socially and halakhically. The Reform Movement had already humanized the LGBT community: Reform rabbis perform marriages of same-sex couples as a matter of routine. Fifteen Jewish LGBT congregations flourish in North America..."

Homosexuality and its role in Judaism: An argument for acceptance of gay and lesbian Jews in leadership positions within observant congregations. -  Judaism, Homosexuality, and Political Activism: Analyzing the Need for Diversity in Approaching Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Politics. - Judaism, Homosexuality, and Psychology. -  A full issue on the topic Judaism, Homosexuality and Civilization. - Dennis Prager writes... - Dennis Prager: A Profile. - Dennis Prager Moralist Philosopher Talk Show Host. - Position Papers on Homosexuality and Judaism. - Jews and Alternative Lifestyles: A Halakhic Proposition for the Orthodox Jew (An essay specifically addressing the religious, social, and legal issues that are of concern to lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals seeking marriage commitments within the Jewish community. Jews and Alternative Lifestyles clearly demonstrates that  halakhically (by Jewish Law) the Torah demands the sanctification of gay, lesbian, and bisexual marriages, and further encourages the entire Jewish community to support the civil and sacred responsibilities of edifying committed relationships.). - US Jewish movement moves to allow gay rabbis: The Conservative Jewish movement, the faith's American-based middle ground between liberalism and orthodoxy, is nearing a leadership decision that seems likely to permit openly gay rabbis and same-sex unions. - Those Rabbis Are, Like, SO GAY: Jewish Seminary to Accept Gays and Lesbians. - Jewish Seminary to Allow Gay Applicants.  - Can There Be Gay Conservative Jewish Rabbis?..The Bible Says "Sexual Perversion."

Gay Orthodox Rabbi Peels Back His Life: ""Like peeling an onion," Rabbi Steven Greenberg said, about the process of coming out. The first openly gay Orthodox rabbi, he initially wrote about his sexuality under a pseudonym, Rabbi Yaakov Levado (meaning Jacob Alone), for Tikkun magazine in 1993 and then in 1999 came out publicly in an interview in the Israeli newspaper, Ma’ariv. Greenberg, who appears prominently in the award-winning film, "Trembling Before G-d," now tells the story of his own journey and also offers new readings of traditional Jewish texts related to homosexuality, and argues for gay and lesbian inclusion in the Orthodox community in his first book. "Wrestling With God & Men: Homosexuality in the Jewish Tradition" (University of Wisconsin), he said, is the peeling back of another layer.

Sandi Simcha DuBowski's remarkable documentary 'Trembling before G-d' examines the issue...Here's the conflict, though: ultra-Orthodox Judaism interprets the Law to condemn homosexuality, while their bodies tell them it's the most natural thing in the world. Segments of the Hassidic and Orthodox communities consider homosexuality a sickness at best, and at worst, a sin worthy of banishment from family and community. Gay Orthodox Jews in the Movies: Trembling Before G-d, directed by Sandi Simcha DuBowski. Produced by Sandi Simcha  DuBowski and Marc Smolowitz. A New Yorker Films release, 2001. 

Jewish Lesbianism. - Lesbian "Rabbis" Await a New Generation: (Alternate Link) Related to a Book Review of "Lesbian Rabbis: The First Generation". - Toward Wholeness: New anthology celebrates the stories of 18 lesbian rabbis. - Jewish Lesbian Daughters of Holocaust Survivors. - Jewish Lesbians. - Lesbian Jewish folk singer Alix Dobkin. - Alix Dobkin: Lesbian Musician and Feminist Icon. - Building Jewish lesbian culture. - Lesbian Women Abound in the Reform Judaism College. - Multivalent voices: gay and lesbian artists who are also Jewish search for ways to address questions of ethnicity and sexuality in their work - Identity Politics. - To be or not to be Jewish, lesbian, feminist

Twice Blessed - The Jewish GLBT Archives OnlineEverything Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual/Transgender and Jewish  -  World Congress of Gay and Lesbian Jewish Organizations. - Congregation Beth El Binah (Dallas, Texas). - Jewish Gay and Lesbian Group (UK). - Sex: What Does Judaism Have to Say About It? Review of two books N/A. (Related Books) - Jewish GLBT Books. - Jewish & Lesbian Books. - Resources and Support for Orthodox Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender People. - Bibliography: By, For, and/or about Jewish Lesbian/Bisexual Women.   

The Ultimate "Planet Out" Guide to Queer Movies (Subject: Jewish Images)

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The Buddhist religion and homosexuality There are many schools, sects and subsects of Buddhism. As with Christianity, no consensus exists within Buddhism about gay and lesbian relationships... Apparently, the Buddha did not leave any teachings on homosexual orientation or homosexual behavior. He strongly encouraged his followers to "be a lamp onto yourself" -- to examine and test the truth of religious teachings before accepting them." - Buddhist views of homosexuality: "Among Buddhists there is a wide diversity of opinion about homosexuality, although on the whole Buddhism does not condemn homosexuality. Buddhist teachings are usually disdainful towards sexuality and distrustful of sensual enjoyment and desire in general[1]. Buddhist monks and nuns of most traditions are expected to refrain from all sexual activity. Many contemporary Buddhist orders specifically prohibit transgender people and homosexual men and women from ordination, but accept homosexuality among laypersons."

Homosexuality and Theravada Buddhism. (Alternate Link): "Homosexuality was known in ancient India; it is explicitly mentioned in the Vinaya (monastic discipline) and prohibited. It is not singled out for special condemnation, but rather simply mentioned along with a wide range of other sexual behaviour as contravening the rule that requires monks and nuns to be celibate. Sexual behaviour, whether with a member of the same or the opposite sex, where the sexual organ enters any of the bodily orifices (vagina, mouth or anus), is punishable by expulsion from the monastic order. Other sexual behaviour like mutual masturbation or interfemural sex, while considered a serious offense, does not entail expulsion but must be confessed before the monastic community... Theravada Buddhist countries like Sri Lanka and Burma had no legal statutes against homosexuality between consenting adults until the colonial era when they were introduced by the British. Thailand, which had no colonial experience, still has no such laws. This had led some Western homosexuals to believe that homosexuality is quite accepted in Buddhist countries of South and South-east Asia. This is certainly not true. In such countries, when homosexuals are thought of at all, it is more likely to be in a good-humored way or with a degree of pity. Certainly the loathing, fear and hatred that the Western homosexual has so often had to endure is absent and this is due, to a very large degree, to Buddhism's humane and tolerant influence." - Homosexuality from the point of Theravada Buddhism: "In Vinaya Tripitaka, as was mentioned in the article by Phra Mano, there was a pandaka monk wandering around, having sex with men looking after horses and elephants. It was this act of this character who caused the establishment of the rule which forbids a pandaka from being ordained.  Based on this case, it was generally reagrded that gays cannot be ordained as members of the Sangha. On the contrary, in the commentary text (Atthagatha) of the Vinaya Tripitaka, the term "pandaka" was divided into five catagories. It is specifically stated that of the five categories of pandaka, the first three can be ordained, while the first two of these catagories fit the descriptions of gay men."  - Non-normative Sex/Gender Categories in the Theravada Buddhist Scriptures.

Buddhism and Homosexuality: "The sayings of the Buddha, as recorded in the Pali Canon, do not I believe include any explicit reference to homosexuality or to homosexual acts. This has been taken to mean that the Buddha did not consider that one's sexual orientation was relevant to his message, which was how to escape from suffering and achieve enlightenment. If it was not important enough to mention, homosexuality could not have been considered a barrier to one's moral and spiritual development. On the other hand, the Buddha's teachings in no way exhort us to a life of hedonistic pursuit of pleasure, sexual or otherwise. While the Buddha did not deny the existence of enjoyment in this world, he pointed out that all worldly pleasure is bound up with suffering, and enslavement to our cravings will keep us spinning in a vortex of disappointment and satiation. The Buddhist's objective is not to eliminate sensual pleasures but to see them as they are through the systematic practice of mindfulness. One feature of Buddhism which may interest gays and lesbians is that the teachings place no particular value on procreation. Marriage and the raising of children are seen as positive but are by no means compulsory. On the contrary, celibacy is in most traditions considered to be a requirement for those seeking higher levels of development as Buddhists. Monks and nuns take vows of strict celibacy, and even pious lay people undertake to be celibate at certain times in order to pursue their mental and spiritual development. This means that from the religious perspective there is no stigma which is necessarily attached to being unmarried and childless, although there may of course be social and cultural pressures which override this.

Male Homosexuality and Transgenderism in the Thai Buddhist Tradition (Excerpt from   "Queer Dharma: Voices of Gay Buddhista" edited by Winston Leyland) (Alternate Link): "Buddhism is a complex tradition and there is no single canonical or scripturally sanctioned position on homosexuality. Rather, the Pali scriptures contain a number of divergent trends which different interpreters can use to develop views on homosexuality that range from the sympathetic to the antagonistic. Whether an interpreter adopts a sympathetic or a critical stance depends on whether he or she regards the cause of homosexuality as lying outside the individual, in old kamma build up in a previous life, or in the individual's own supposedly immoral conduct. It is interesting that the latter, intolerant view is the more recent and, paradoxically, is presented by some authors who are otherwise identified as progressive. Buddhist authors like Phra Ratchaworamuni are generally concerned to reform Thai Buddhism by uprooting institutional corruption, demythologising traditional Buddhist metaphysics and making the sangha a purer and more effective cultural vehicle for transmitting traditional values in the contemporary world. As in the West, public panic about AIDS and latent fears about homosexuality combined in Thailand in the 1980s to produce an increasingly explicit intolerance of homosexuality in some quarters. But AIDS alone does not explain the vehemence of the recent Buddhist attacks on homosexuality. In my 1989 book Buddhism, Legitimation and Conflict: The Political Functions of Urban Thai Buddhism I described how reformist interpretations of Buddhism have been associated with a de-emphasis on kamma as an explanation for why society and people are the way they are..."

Homosexuality in the Japanese Buddhist Tradition: "The very long and complex history of homosexual relations within Japanese Buddhist institutions has only now come to light in the English-speaking world with the recent translation of a few key documents and a number of commentaries on them (these are referenced throughout the pages below).  I was struck, as I hope the reader of this essay will be, by how normative sexual interactions between men in Buddhist institutions in Japan became, and how these relationships were accepted by the wider society with equanimity.  Indeed, as I show, homoerotic relationships that had developed in Buddhist institutions actually served as the basis for wider same-sex sexual relationships between men throughout Japanese society from the thirteenth to the end of the nineteenth century. My point in making this research available in this journal is not to argue that such relationships should become normative today, for the present configuration of sexuality within modern western culture makes this inconceivable.  Rather, I would like to draw attention to the social forces that make sexual friendships between older and younger men ‘ideal’ forms of relationship in some societies and yet define such relationships as abusive or perverse in others..."

Shambhala Diversity: "Shambhala is a diverse community. Our centres are located in different regions of the world, and reflect different nationalities, cultures, languages, ethnicities and races... They have different ages and genders, as well as different sexual orientations, and physical, perceptual and mental abilities." - Buddhism History & Shambhala Terma. - Diversity Resources.

Dalai Lama says "oral and anal sex' not acceptable "Buddhists Agonize Over an Apparent Reversal of Non-Judgmental Attitudes. Apologists Say Leader's Statement Applies to Heterosexuals As Well." - "Update: The Dalai Lama and Sexual Minorities: A Personal View": (Alternate Link) "As a gay Buddhist activist who personally met with and questioned the Dalai Lama in 1997 about his reiteration of "traditional" buddhist sexual misconduct ethics, I read sadly in Newsweek's "Lama to the Globe" (August 16,1999) that "Although he has affirmed the dignity and rights of gays and lesbians, he has condemned homosexual acts as contrary to Buddhist ethics." Unfortunately, in the past decade, he has repeatedly stated in publications, in public talks, and in international press interviews that non-vaginal sex including masturbation is "wrong and against Buddhist ethics" for any human being "of good faith", not just homosexual buddhists... The Dalai Lama is not a "Buddhist Pope,'" makes no claims to infallibility based on his position or any "divinely revealed scripture," and as one Tibetan Buddhist teacher, cannot speak authoritatively for other Buddhist teaching lineages, such as Theravada and Zen. He also makes no claim to being a "Living Buddha", nor to having the spiritual or political authority to make any unilateral decisions for changing Buddhist traditional teachings... Not knowing when, where or even if these teachings came directly from the Buddha, the Dalai Lama's persistent "wrong sex" teachings marginalize the behavior and full humanity of sexual minorities and others and contribute to the worldwide atmosphere of permission for harmful psychological, spiritual, and social violence against them. The fundamentalist Christian Right in the United States is already quoting the Dalai Lama's sexual misconduct statements in their literature opposing gay civil unions, partnership rights, and marriage. This atmosphere of permission also leads to acts of ongoing and often horrific physical violence against the world's sexual minorities, including murder -- all the farthest results from the Dalai Lama's genuinely deep good intentions for all beings..." - On Homosexuality and Sex in General. (Alternate Link)

Gay/Straight, Man/Woman, Self/Other" What Would the Buddha Have Had to Say About Gay Liberation? An interview with Jose Cabezon (Alternate Link): "on June 11, 1997, in San Francisco, gay Buddhist activists met with H. H. the Dalai Lama to take the revered Tibetan Buddhist leader to task for his position that gay sexuality was in violation of Buddhist sexual ethics. In his book Beyond Dogma, the Dalai Lama cites Buddhist rules that classify homosexual activity as misconduct. For practicing Buddhists, the indisputable implication of this contemporary publication was that if one were gay and sexually active, one couldn't be a Buddhist in good standing. Faithful gay Buddhists were upset.... I wondered what Cabezon would have to say. He is a vocal advocate of gay rights and has been a disciplined Buddhist monk. He knows the classical Buddhist texts and has met many of the great modern Tibetan teachers. At the same time, he has studied gay history and is involved with the pressing social issues raised by contemporary gay culture. Is our identification with our sexual preference a key element in our spiritual pursuit? Is the liberation of our sexual identity part and parcel of our spiritual liberation? What is the relationship between being gay and enlightenment?... In the West, in large part as a result of Freud's influence, we tend to see the development of our identity as intimately linked to sexuality and to sexual desire. Buddhism would question that. From a Buddhist point of view, our conventional sense of self, our ordinary notion of who we are, does not depend upon gender or sexual differentiation. Our sense of self is more basic than, and arises prior to, our identification as male or female, straight or gay. It arises as a result of the distinction between self and other... As I mentioned, I think that many Westerners tend to overidentify with their gender and sexual orientation. We tend to think that our true self is intimately linked to who we are as gendered and sexual beings, and so we tend to think that the answer to our spiritual quest must be grounded in our gender and our sexuality. I don't hold this view... I would go so far as to say that. Whatever the case at the conventional level, ultimately one's identity as male or female and one's sexual orientation are irrelevant to the spiritual path, in part because at the ultimate level, those distinctions have to be left behind. They have to be transcended. Now, as I mentioned before, that doesn't mean that there isn't a place for these distinctions at the conventional level. For example, sexual orientation can act as a catalyst for bringing people together in mutually supportive spiritual communities... First of all, let me say that even among gay writers today there is considerable debate regarding the extent to which sexuality and sexual expression are a necessary part of gay identity. Many gay writers raise the question of whether the claim that it is has, in fact, had negative consequences, like fueling the fires of AIDS. This is a debated issue even in the North American gay community. There have always been voices in the gay liberation movement that have questioned the essentializing of a "gay identity" in any way. So, for example, to say, "Sexual self-expression is an essential part of gay identity"—that it must be this way—I find problematic. I don't believe that sexual self-expression is essential to being a gay person. To say that it is essential is to make celibate gay men and women somehow less gay, which is both logically absurd and ethically problematic, as if to say, "You don't count as a real gay person." ... I don't know if it's possible to generalize but, in retrospect, I'm quite convinced that in my own case, the most effective way of sustaining a spiritual program is through celibacy. Now don't get me wrong, I'm far from being celibate at this stage in my life. But I still hold celibacy as an ideal, and I have tremendous respect for those who can keep to the discipline of celibacy... You know, this might go back again to what I think is almost a Western obsession with sexual identity and gender differences or gender identity. It's said in the Indo-Tibetan Buddhist texts that an understanding of nonduality, of emptiness, brings about greater compassion. I think that the most tangible result of seeing through gender, of seeing through the distinctions of male and female, gay and straight, manifests itself in a kind of equanimity of compassionate action in regard to all creatures. All distinctions, not only gender distinctions—beautiful, ugly, fat, thin, intelligent, ignorant—form the basis for restricting our compassionate action. I think a person who has truly seen the empty nature of these distinctions, including male/female, gay/straight, would exhibit the kind of equanimity in their life that does not distinguish between human beings."

Gay Love as a Spiritual Path: Divine Eroticism: "Encountering the divine through the erotic is one of the best-known and yet least-understood aspect of Tantra. Compared with monastic celibacy, Tantric sexuality may seem the patently more appealing option. Enjoying an exciting sex partner would seem preferable to abstaining from sex entirely. Unless, of course, the goal is God realization, experience of the divine Self... In Tantric philosophy divine eroticism expresses itself at every level of being and awareness. At the gross, physical level we experience the erotic through the instinctual drives that are rooted in our biological being, hunger, sexual desire, physical comfort, and through sense perception. At the subtle level the erotic gets expressed as thought, feeling, and imagination. At a subtler spiritual level the erotic connects us with the divine being in an intimate relationship. At the deepest spiritual level all forms, identities, and aspirations merge into one Being. The ecstatic aspirant does not automatically give up the lower expressions to try to experience the higher, as ascetics do, but strives to apprehend the divine erotic presence in every expression. As his experience of the divine deepens, however, the gross expressions drop away of themselves, finding their fulfillment in a more comprehensive experience. The sexual desire for a particular body type, for example, gets replaced by a generalized love for all beings that is experienced as more pleasurable, more deeply satisfying than any less-comprehensive experience. The ecstatic aspirant literally follows his bliss, never resting satisfied until he reaches the Source of bliss within and without..."  - A Dialogue with Rev. Briones on the Issue of Homosexuality and Buddhism. (Alternate Link) - Gay sex in Buddhism.

Forbidden fruit in the forbidden land. (Alternate Link) (Part 2): "As the first Western journalist to interview gays in Tibet...:"

 Thai Buddhist accounts of male homosexuality and AIDS in the 1980s. (Alternate Link) - At Midlife in Medieval Japan: PDF File (Japanese Journal of Religious Studies-1999-26/1–2).

Queer Dharma: "QueerDharma is a safe space for our LGBTQ community to gather, listen, discuss, and encourage Buddhist meditation practice and spiritual growth. By cultivating a network of queer practitioners, we can study and play together, foster relationships, spread wakefulness, and develop confidence in our basic goodness" ... Articles. - Gay Zen Buddhist Group: Gay Zen LA. - Buddhism and Gay/Lesbian Sexuality. - Gay Men's Buddhist Sangha. - The Buddhist AIDS Project (BAP) N/A.

Dharma-Dykes Web Site: Dharma-Dykes Links. - Lesbian Buddhist e SanghaLinks to Lesbian Buddhist Websites & Other Websites Related to Women & Buddhism. - Ven. Sarika Dharma:  Ven. Sarika Dharma was a Zen Buddhist monk for over eighteen years. Her duties as head monk at the International Buddhist Meditation Center in Los Angeles included training novices, teaching classes, giving dharma talks, and leading retreats.

Buddhism, Sexuality, and Gender - 1992 - edited by Jose Ignacio Cabezon. - Gay Buddhist Fellowship: Includes GBF Newsletter Archive. - Desert Gay Buddhist: Buddhism & Sexuality: Some Notes/Articles on Buddhist Views of Sexual Minority Orientation and Behavior.

Buddhist Internet Resources & Books. - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgenderism in the Buddhist World: Links. (Alternate Link) - Articles: - Pitaka: Links to Homosexuality Related Online Articles. - Books: Mystics, myths, symbols, and gay Buddhists.


Homosexuality and Hinduism (Wikipedia): "Hindu views of homosexuality are diverse, as Hinduism is a heterogeneous religion with no central doctrinal authority. Same-sex relations and gender variance have been represented within Hinduism from Vedic times through to the present day, in rituals, law books, religious narratives, commentaries, paintings and sculptures. In Hindu society, there are four worthy goals, in human life, the Purusharthas, 1) dharma, 2) artha, 3) kama and 4) moksha, in that order. While Hindus texts on dharma, artha and moksa mention homosexuality only briefly, the Kama scriptures describe it in much detail, more so than any other of the world's great religions... The Vedas, which form the foundation of Hinduism for most, do not refer explicitly to homosexuality but do refer to Kama and deep love between men. Mythologist and author Devdutt Pattanaik summarised the place of homosexuality in Hindu literature: "though not part of the mainstream, its existence was acknowledged but not approved." People of a third gender (tritiya-prakrti), neither men nor women, are referred to throughout the literature, and modern readers often draw parallels between these and modern lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender sexual identities." - Homosexuality and Hinduism: In general, then, the Hindu evaluation of homosexuality depends heavily on the context.

Homosexuality and Hinduism: "Hindu texts have discussed variations in gender and sexuality for over two millennia. Like the erotic sculptures on ancient Hindu temples at Khajuraho and Konarak, sacred texts in Sanskrit constitute irrefutable evidence that the whole range of sexual behavior was known to ancient Hindus. As Saleem Kidwai and Ruth Vanita demonstrated in Same-Sex Love in India: Readings from Literature and History, traditions of representing same-sex desire in literature and art continued in medieval Hinduism as well as Indian Islam. When Europeans arrived in India, they were shocked by Hinduism, which they termed idolatrous, and by the range of sexual practices, including same-sex relations, which they labeled licentious. British colonial rulers wrote modern homophobia into education, law and politics. A marginal homophobic trend in pre-colonial India thus became dominant in modern India. Indian nationalists, including Hindus, internalized Victorian ideals of heterosexual monogamy and disowned indigenous traditions that contravened those ideals. Nevertheless, those traditions persisted, for example, in the very visible communities of hijras, transgendered males who have a semi-sacred status and often engage in sexual relations with men." - Hinduism by glbtq.com .

Discussions on Dharma: From the language of puja and the Trinity to organ donation and gay marriage, the Mela's religious leaders offer their sagely opinions: "Gay marriage: This question got our reporter Rajiv in a lot of trouble. Several people tried to talk him out of asking it altogether, but he explained that the editors of Hinduism Today in America sought the Hindu position on the subject as it is an issue, even in the current presidential elections. Suffice it to say that most of the swamis opposed the concept of a Hindu-sanctified "gay marriage." Swami Pragyanand, for example, said, "Gay marriages do not fit with our culture and heritage. All those people who are raising demand for approving such marriages in India are doing so under the influence of the West. Sanatana Dharma has no place for such marriages, and we do not even discuss it." Juna Peethadheeshwar Acharya Mahamandaleshwar Swami Avdheshananda Giri Ji Maharaj called the concept "so unnatural, uncommon and unusual." Others were conciliatory, such as Shri Mahant Madhusudan Giri of Avahan Akhara, popularly known as Nepali Baba. He expounded, "Today people are even changing their sexes. They want a lot of freedom, and this freedom is available to them. So if they choose to live in a particular way out of the consent of two grown up people, how can we stop them?" Ram Puri gave an insightful answer, "There is a principle in all Hindu law that local always has precedence. In other words, the general rules and the general laws are always overruled by a local situation. I do not think that this is something that is decided on a theoretical level. We do not have a rule book in Hinduism. We have a hundred million authorities." The most liberal opinion came from Pandit Shailendra Shri Sheshnarayan Ji Vaidyaka. He reasoned, "Whatever is done in a hidden manner becomes a wrong act and is treated as a sin. But whatever is done openly does invite criticism for some time but ultimately gains acceptance. Why not give them the liberty to live in their own way, if they are going to do it anyway? After all, we have kinnars, eunuchs, who have been accepted by the society. Similarly these people can also be accepted. Like we have a kinnar samaj, eunuch society, we can have a gay samaj."

"Wedding of two souls": same-sex marriage and Hindu traditions: "For more than two decades, I also collected every reference to homosexuality in India that I came across in books, magazines, and newspapers. In 1995, historian Saleem Kidwai (who had been making a similar collection) and I began to work on what became the book Same-Sex Love in India: Readings from Literature and History. (2) This collection of translations from texts in fifteen Indian languages composed over a period of more than two thousand years, along with editorial essays contextualizing and analyzing them, exposes as false the myth that same-sex desire is unknown in traditional Indian culture. Kidwai and I conclusively demonstrated that same-sex love and romantic friendship flourished in ancient and medieval India in various forms, without any extended history of persecution. We also found textual evidence of marriagelike unions, an area that I further explore in my forthcoming book, Love's' Rite: Same-Sex Marriage and Its Antecedents in India and the West." - Saleem Kidwai Uncovers the Many Faces of Gay India: "You know, there are many in the West as well as in India and elsewhere who see homoeroticism as a 'Western import.' This false cliche held by colonialists and post-colonial ultra-nationalists, by right-wingers and leftists of whatever stripe, is powerfully challenged in Same-Sex Love in India. You and Ruth Vanita have done a great job of uncovering gay texts throughout Indian history, from the ancient Hindu Shastras to the present..."

The Man Who Was a Woman and Other Queer Tales of Hindu Lore - 2001 - by Devdutt Pattanaik (Compiler) - Interview with Author: Mythologist from Mumbai: Devdutt Pattanaik queers Hindu Lore. - Review:  "The Man Who Was a Woman is a thoroughly engaging and insightful work which I feel sure that anyone with an abiding interest in the often complex relationship between a culture and its myths will find engrossing and delightful. You don't have to be queer to enjoy this book, but if you are, then then this is definitely not to be missed!" - Dr. Devdutt Pattanaik's Web Site. (Old Homepage: Haworth Information on Book. - Related Information & Conclusion of Book.). - Homosexuality in Ancient India by Dr. Devdutt Pattanaik.(Alternate Link).

A Spiritual Bloomsbury: Hinduism and Homosexuality in the Lives and Writings of Edward Carpenter, E.M. Forster, and Christopher Isherwood - 2006 - by Antony Copley. - Gay Tantra - 2001 - by William Schindler. - Tantra for Gay Men - 2002- by Bruce Anderson. - The Gay Man's Kama Sutra - 2004 - by Terry Sanderson and Kat Harding. - Impossible Desires: Queer Diasporas and South Asian Public Cultures (Perverse Modernities) - 2005 - by Gayatri Gopinath and Gayatri Gopinath.

Fear and loathing in gay India: "Throughout South Asia, homosexuality has been a taboo subject. There are signs in some areas that gay people are now becoming more open in their behaviour. In the first of a series of articles from the region, the BBC's Soutik Biswas looks at gay life in India...  The 145-year-old colonial Indian Penal Code clearly describes a same sex relationship as an "unnatural offence". In a largely patriarchal society, lesbians bear the brunt of social ostracisation and the law more than gay men. In many states, lesbians have taken their lives after facing harassment at home and outside... Comments: " It is evident from the Kamasutra and the sculptures at Kajuraho that ancient Hindu India recognized and probably accepted homosexual practices. It was only the advent of the intolerant puritanical Islamic and Christian conquerors of India that has brought Indians to their present despicable state of intolerance of homosexuality and for that matter anything that is not orthodox. Hinduism is a tolerant religion but Indians are not a tolerant people." - Gay India 2001-03: Many Faces, Secret Traditions and Bold New Times. - Closet Drama: Caught between harsh laws and cultural conservativeness, Indian gays often lead lives of frightened secrecy. But now hopes are high they may be on the brink of a legal breakthrough. - Gays in India closeted by caste and class: "The Indian gay male community that exists at the moment is made up of privileged middle and upper class men who keep in contact through a private net-work. Everyone is married - or at least expected to be. Homosexuals of other classes may be tolerated on the margins of this group for sexual purposes...  The real Indian gay man has yet to surface in strength to challenge the prevailing heterosexist culture and the mythology of the family."

Lesbians vs. Gays vs. Hinduism vs. Modernity? The conflicts facing alternate sexuality: "Though I am not a Sanghi, I am a faithful Hindu. I therefore appeal to you to stop targeting the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered (LGBT) communities as a foreign lifestyle issue. If you read the Vedas, the Puranas and the Itihaasas, you’ll find that LGBT communities existed even then. There are over 10 genders of males mentioned in our sacred literature; there are more sophisticated definitions than in any other civilisation, whereas the West only had binary definitions like homosexual and heterosexual. It was only in India that we recognised and cherished different kinds of sexualities as valid. LGBT identities were never brushed under the carpet. Homosexuals were never stoned to death or even persecuted in Hindu India or even in the worst days of Aurangzeb, the Mughal bigot. It is only with the advent of the British, during their brutal Raj, that homosexuality was criminalised under Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code. This law was ironically enacted by Lord Macaulay and comes from Leviticus in the St James’ Bible. So you see, hatred for homosexuals (homophobia) is nota Hindu tradition..."

GALVA-108: Gay and Lesbian Vaishnava Association, an international organization dedicated to the teachings of Lord Caitanya, the importance of all-inclusiveness within His mission, and the Vedic concept of a natural third gender. Its purpose is to educate Vaishnavas, Hindus and the public in general about the “third sex” as described in Vedic literatures. This knowledge will help to correct many of the common misconceptions that people hold today concerning third-gender people (gays, lesbians, bisexuals, transgenders, the intersexed, etc.). In addition to this, GALVA wishes to provide a friendly and positive-oriented place where third-gender devotees and guests can associate together and utilize their time to learn more about Krsna consciousness and advance in spiritual life. - ArticlesTritiya-Prakriti: People of the Third Sex. - Hindu Deities and the Third Sex. - Modern Biology and the Concept of a “Third Sex”: Improving Our Understanding of Intersex Conditions and Homosexual Behavior. - Conversations Between Srila Prabhupada and Allen Ginsberg. - India’s Slow Descent Into Homophobia. - Is Your Temple “Gay-Friendly”?

Dagara Tribe Spirtuality

The Dagara tribe of Burkima Faso (east of Nigeria and north of Ghana): The "gatekeeper" 'gay' concept - an interview with Malidoma Somé, author of the book, Ritual: Power Healing and Community: (Alternate Link) "I don’t know how to put it in terms that are clear enough for an audience that, I think needs as much understanding of this gender issue as people in this country do. But at least among the Dagara people, gender has very little to do with anatomy. It is purely energetic. In that context, a male who is physically male can vibrate female energy, and vice versa. That is where the real gender is. Anatomic differences are simply there to determine who contributes what for the continuity of the tribe. It does not mean, necessarily, that there is a kind of line that divides people on that basis. And this is something that also touches on what has become known here as the "gay" or "homosexual" issue. Again, in the culture that I come from, this is not the issue. These people are looked on, essentially, as people. The whole notion of "gay" does not exist in the indigenous world. That does not mean that there are not people there who feel the way that certain people feel in this culture, that has led to them being referred to as "gay."The reason why I’m saying there are no such people is because the gay person is very well integrated into the community, with the functions that delete this whole sexual differentiation of him or her. The gay person is looked at primarily as a "gatekeeper." The Earth is looked at, from my tribal perspective, as a very, very delicate machine or consciousness, with high vibrational points, which certain people must be guardians of in order for the tribe to keep its continuity with the gods and with the spirits that dwell there. Spirits of this world and spirits of the other worlds. Any person who is at this link between this world and the other world experiences a state of vibrational consciousness which is far higher, and far different, from the one that a normal person would experience. This is what makes a gay person gay. This kind of function is not one that society votes for certain people to fulfill. It is one that people are said to decide on prior to being born. You decide that you will be a gatekeeper before you are born. And it is that decision that provides you with the equipment (Malidoma gestures by circling waist area with hands) that you bring into this world. So when you arrive here you begin to vibrate in a way that Elders can detect as meaning that you are connected with a gateway somewhere. Then they watch you grow, and they watch you act and react, and sooner or later they will follow you to the gateway that you are connected with. Now, gay people have children. Because they’re fertile, just like normal people. How I got to know that they were gay was because on arriving in this country and seeing the serious issues surrounding gay people, I began to wonder it does not exist in my own country. When I asked one of them, who tad taken me to the threshold of the Otherworld, whether he feels sexual attraction towards another man, he jumped back and said, "How do you know that?!" He said, "This is our business as gatekeepers." And, yet he had a wife and children -- no problem, you see." ...

Information about female homosexuality in the Dagara tribe obtained from the book, The Spirit of Intimacy by Sobanfu Somé. (See: Stolen Heritage: Reclaiming Our Birthright by Alicia Banks and other Related Information): "This constantly reiterated discomfort and hatred for the [same-gender-loving] person [in white dominated societies] is again another indication that every year we might as well be prepared for the apocalyptic moment when the stars start to fall to earth... The great astrologers of the Dogon are same-gender-loving...Why is it that everywhere else in the world, same-gender-loving people are a blessing and in the white dominated world they are a curse? It is self-evident. The "modern" world was built by Christianity. They have taken the gods out of the earth and sent them to heaven, wherever that is.... In the book "The Spirit of Intimacy " author Sobanfu Somé says, "Sexuality, including woman-to-woman sexuality, is so integrated into the spiritual life of the Dagarat that her people have no word to specify "lesbian" or even "sex"....Like many other Africans, the women of Dagara do not sleep with their men. �Women need to sleep together, to be together to empower each other...then if they meet with men, there is no imbalance." Tribal women not only sleep and live together, they join together for group rituals. "We go to a cave or bush and do rituals to build male energy. We have a female father who gives us male energy. She looks like a male. Anything we feel or experience that we haven't dealt with is expressed." This women's group ritual balances their male/female energy. "It is so we are not completely male or female. - Dagarat women believe that once you've made love with your life partner in this circle, it is extremely dangerous for her to be intimate with another woman. If you break the circle, you bring in alien energy. Your partner will die. The diviner in our village comes in and says - You murdered her"...Sobanfu also says women must look at sex as a journey. "You are traveling to a place not known by you or your partner. Only your ancestors know. When two people merge, your genealogy becomes a participant in what's going on." "

Homosexuality: The Gatekeepers by Sobonfu E. Somé: "This west African author and teacher, whose work has influenced numerous western luminaries, offers us a fascinating look at her culture's view of lesbian and gay men as spiritual gatekeepers for the community. This essay is excerpted from her book The Spirit of Intimacy: Ancient Teachings in the Ways of Relationships." "The words "gay" and "lesbian" do not exist in the village, but there is the word "gatekeeper." Gatekeepers are people who live a life at the edge between two worlds: the world of the village and the world of spirit. What they do, they don't like to communicate to anyone. It is their right to keep what they do to themselves. Everybody in the village respects that because without gatekeepers, there is no access to other worlds. The gatekeepers stand on the threshold of the gender line. They are mediators between the two genders. They make sure that there is peace and balance between women and men. If the two genders are in conflict and the whole village is caught in it, the gatekeepers are the ones to bring peace. Gatekeepers do not take sides. They simply play the role of "the sword of truth and integrity." ,,, 

SobonfuWeb Site. - Malidoma Web Site: Malidoma Patrice Somé, PhD Author, Elder, Diviner. - The Wisdom Of The Somes: "A husband and wife from the Motherland explain how including ancient African traditions in daily routines could change the quality of our lives. "Everyone has a mission in life," explains Malidoma Patrice Some, a shaman--or high--priest from the West African country of Burkina Faso and author of Of Water and the Spirit, a wonderfully strange and very personal account of the rituals, beliefs and worldview embraced by his people, the Dagara tribe. "Our mission is connected with a revival of the ancestors' culture and tradition. There's a missing link to our African ancestry that has repercussions on the quality of our lives. We cannot move forward into the future by abandoning the past. Knowing tradition is everything." ... Here Malidoma and Sobonfu offer some of the Dagara people's fundamental beliefs and practices, which may help you fill the spiritual gaps in your life... " - So you'd like to... meet Malidoma Somé?  A guide by Andrew Parodi, Gervais, Oregon. - Wisdom From West Africa. Guest: Sobonfu Somé: MP3 Download.  - Healing Wisdom of Africa by Malidoma Somé: This essay is an edited excerpt from a speech given by Malidoma Somé in 1995. - Remembering Our Purpose: The teachings of indigenous cultures may help us go beyond modernity: an interview with Malidoma Somé. - Echoes of the Ancestors, Inc. presents An Introduction to Dagara Shamanism.

Malidoma Patrice Somé Biography: "Before his birth, in 1956, the elders of Malidoma’s village knew that his purpose in coming into this world was to carry the message of indigenous technology and spirituality to the western world, a place where modernity was growing increasingly hungry for a reconnection to ancient wisdom. Little did he know, as a young child, stolen from his family and village, that the years he would spend under the harsh tutelage of the religious order would prepare the way for the eventual challenge of integrating old and new, the sacred and the mundane. For more than twenty years, Malidoma Somé has shared the wisdom of his ancestors and tribal elders, awakening a deep knowing in the hearts and bones of those who have recognized in his name, his books, his voice, the spirit world inviting the renewal of a deep and abiding relationship with all beings on earth. Malidoma is the author of several books, including Ritual: Power, Healing and Community, Of Water and The Spirit, and The Healing Wisdom of Africa. He is currently working on two new books, one about the Ancestors (and our relationship with them), and another, a sequel to his highly esteemed autobiography, on the topic of Gatekeepers. Dr. Somé is also an initiated elder in his village in Dano, Burkina Faso, W. Africa. He travels throughout the world bringing a message of hope, healing and reconciliation through the powerful tools of ritual and community building. A tribute to Malidoma: “Despite the ways in which European culture has brutalized him and his people the Dagara, Malidoma Somé lives his purpose with dignity, intention and deep love. By teaching Westerners how his own people have traditionally connected to Spirit and used ritual to create balanced and sustainable community, Malidoma “makes friends with the enemy/stranger.” Under the direction and guidance of his own elders, he is sharing ancient wisdom that is so desperately needed as corporate greed and globalization continue to tear at our connection to Mother Earth, to human family, and to the values of love, sustainability, and beauty. I count myself deeply blessed to call him teacher and friend.”

Visions: Malidoma Somé Interview: "Q: And that's really Christianity's selling point, rather than its spiritual perspective? A: Yes, it's a marketing strategy. In Africa, you cannot come into a comfortable material lifestyle without going through Christ. So many Africans say, "I'll take the whole package. That way I'm sure I'll get what I want." This is the compromise the rising urban class of Africa makes. Christianity is not seen as a soul-transforming device capable of producing redemption, but as a source of substantial material gratification. Those who convert will show up for Sunday Mass as usual, looking devout, but on weekdays they will see the shaman, do their sacrifices and usual rituals. Q: What is the native assessment of Christianity as a spiritual perspective, apart from its capacity to deliver the goods? A: If you discuss the beliefs of Christianity with the village diviner, the medicine man, he will say the white man must be extremely stupid. The white man must be profoundly troubled--probably torn by a huge guilt connected to how he treated the ancestors--to think that villagers would buy the idea that someone died on the cross for us. They would say these beliefs are evidence that the white people killed someone of great importance, probably a diviner and a healer. If you kill a healer, you must make amends by appeasing the healer's spirit. Q: You're saying that Christ's death was not properly grieved and ritualized, but even so, as a culture, we should have gone on, instead of fixating on guilt over this particular healer's death. A: That's right. There's a problem in Christianity that the white man is still running away from. It could have been fixed by facing facts and saying, "What should we do?" The healers and diviners in the white man's culture would have known what that man's spirit wanted..."

Gate Keeper: PrimaSounds: In this CD the music serves as a kind of gatekeeper, sonically opening and closing the gates into other dimensions... the Dagara, and their spokeman in the U.S., Malidoma Some, who inspired this CD... Gate Keeper contains five songs, each running ten minutes, designed to guide the listener into ten different visionary experiences or dimensions. The name Gate Keeper was taken from the Shamanic culture of the Dagara Tribe located in the heart of West Central Africa. "Gatekeeper" is the title given by the Dagara to the Shamans who open and close the dimensional gates between alternate worlds and realities. According to Dagara cosmology there are five basic kinds of gates that a Shaman may travel through. In each dimension there are countless different worlds and realities, only some of which have been explored by man. The Gatekeepers know the five portals well, and know how to open and close the gates for their fellow shaman to enter and explore. This cosmology was made known to Ralph through his friendship with Malidoma and Sobonfu Somé, shamans from the Dagara Tribe. In this CD the music itself serves as a kind of gatekeeper, sonically opening and closing the gates into other dimensions. Each of the five songs on the CD is designed to open a different inner gate which the listener can then choose to enter. Once through, the path branches into two directions, one down and one up. The first worlds are lower - the microcosm - representing contact with levels of consciousness that are part of our own. Traditionally these are called the underground worlds: (1) Fire, (2) Mineral, (3) Water-Plants, (4) Nature-Animal, and (5) the Earth itself, Gaia. Each gate also has an upward heavenly direction - the macrocosm. These are realities where consciousness which is more evolved and expanded than our own can be found. Traditionally these are called the heavenly worlds: (6) Ancestors, (7) Elementals, (8) Angels, (9) Muses, and (10) Being in the Universe. All ten worlds go together in a kind of evolutionary "ladder of creation," referred to for instance in the Bible as "Jacobs Ladder." A complete description of these songs-gates and dimensions will be contained in Ralph's forthcoming book on PrimaSounds. By intense listening to Gate Keeper you can find these five portals within. You can choose to enter and fly, much like a Shaman in trance. It is like jumping through a hoop into another world. There visions and messages of all kinds can be received. New worlds and dimensions can be explored. This can stimulate creativity, self knowledge, and provide lasting contact with intelligences of all kinds from all over the Universe. This is a kind of sacred blessing, not a pandoras box. So don't worry, the sonic portals are a one way door; only you can pass in and out, and it won't happen against your intentions or desires. If a session gets too intense, you can return to "normal consciousness" at any time fairly easily and quickly.

What about Patrice Malidome Somé saying that "there are no words for homosexuality", and that homosexuals are the "gatekeepers" of the underworld? (Must Scroll: # 6)  In precolonial Dahomey, there were "no words for homosexuality" as well. All earlier words that refered to homosexuality were foreign imports largely by the Arabs and Europeans. Additionally, in Dahomean Vodoun the "Gate keepers" that Patrice Malidome Somé makes reference to, are known as "Tohossous." The Tohossou are children who are born physically and mentally challenged, for example "drawfism, or the famed Enuchs" who make-up the bulk of Tohossous. More specifically, those who are designated as the "gate keepers" come directly from the Royal families and blood lineage's in Dahomey (and now in the diaspora), and it is they who act as the guardian of anyone who is born mentally or physically challenged, and it is also they [royal Tohossous] who actually sit at the "crossroads" of the underworld between the living and the Ancestors. There is no historical record of a lineage of homosexuals designated as Tohossous, nor are there any today in Togo, Benin or Ghana. Unfortunately,though Patrice Malidome Som� [who is not an actual priest] has become very popular, and makes a good living in the West, he has earned the opposite reputation among many priests in West Africa due to his misrepresentation, and the unfortunate confusion his statements (if quoted correctly), has made on this issue for all concerned. Click here (Alternate Link) for more information on the history of the "gatekeepers" in Dahomean Vodoun." (Alternate Link)
(Alternate Link). Note: Information about homosexuality has now been deleted from the site

Wisdom from West Africa. - African Art: Traditional. - The Africa Question: Did They or Didn't They?

To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available! 


Homosexuality in Vodou.: "In Vodou, homosexuals are not barred from any religious activity. They may participate in religious services, and even become initiates and clergy people. It is true that there is some stigma associated with homosexuality in Haiti... Because open homosexuals are rigorously excluded from Protestant congregations, and frowned upon in Catholic services, almost the only avenue for spiritual expression for homsexuals in Haiti is Vodou. There is, therefore, a higher percentage of homosexuals at Vodou ceremonies, and in the priesthood, than in the general population... It is worth remembering that at a Vodou ceremony, any person may be possessed by any lwa, regardless of the sex of the lwa or the person. Homosexual men, especially initiates, are frequently possessed by female lwa including Erzulie Freda. I remember one six-foot-two Houngan who was the mount for a lwa named Sainte Therese! The Mambo I mentioned above had a very martial Ogoun in her head, and his presence at ceremonies was absolutely thrilling. The dancing of homosexual men in particular is often much admired, as they combine the muscular strength of men with the voluptuousness of women. Some overenthusiastic homosexual Houngans have actually been known to carry dresses with them when they visit at other Houngans' ceremonies, so that their lwa will be properly clothed if they should appear. Houngans and Mambos have particular passwords, and specific gestures performed with the asson. Homosexual Houngans and Mambos have additional gestures which permit them to recognize one another. The presence of homosexuals in a congregation is considered morally neutral - the important criterion is that the correct ceremonial procedures are followed in any aspect of the Vodou service." - Homosexuality and Voodoo (Wikipedia).

Homosexuality in Dahomean Vodoun: (Homosexuality Information now deleted from the site. Alternate Link to Information. Alternate Link to Information. Archived Copy of Information): 8. Are Gays and Lesbians denied services in your tradition? Not at all. "True" Gays and lesbians can receive the same range of services as anyone else. Those who are simply experimenting will be required to stop before they are allowed initiation, Amasi baths, etc.. 9. Are you implying that Gays and Lesbians are not born with the Spirit!? Not at all. Those, no matter their sexual orientation, may be born with the Vodou. However, in the Dahomean expereince, it has been their [the initiates) own Spirit (Vodou) that will require them to sacrifice their behavior before initiation is allowed. Thus, if they (as anyone else) are sent to us we will certainly accomodate them. 10. What do you mean when you say "your path has a different critera for gays? Are you certain you are not hiding your homophobia behind religion?" Not at all, and your skepticism is understood. The Arara path of Dahomean Vodoun (as most ATRs) are not dogma, or politically based. They are experientially based spiritual systems, in which the Spirit manifests and make their commands clear. Because these Spirits are real and tangible, it is not possible to ever go against them. To better illustrate this fact on their uncompromising nature, below is an incident witnessed and reported by African-American anthropologist, Zora Hurston, in her book Tell My Horse: Voodoo and Life in Haiti and Jamaica during one of her field studies while in Haiti: [the induced suicide of a lesbian who would not give up sex with other women is described.] ... s graphic, cold and chilling as the above example is, it is an unbaised example of this particular path of the Guedé (ancestors) that many are born to. It is also the only objective example that can be provided to demostrate how powerless the priesthoods are in going against any dictate of this particular path of the Vodou. However, I understand that other paths in Haiti do initiate Gays and Lesbians, and that homosexuality is not an issue with the spirits of those paths."

A film by Anne Lescot and Laurence Magloire - Haiti 2002 - Of men and gods - des hommes et des dieux: "This documentary shot in Haiti is about homosexuals within the voodoo culture. The encounter of these two worlds leads us into a powerful, mystical and symbolic environment where the freedom to live, to exist – and to be the medium of the gods – takes on theatrical and deeply emotive forms of expression." - Documentary Film Review: The spiritual rationalization of self: "Most of the gay men interviewed believe their homosexuality came to them through the god of love and fertility:  Erzuli Dantor.  They dress as they wish and endure the insults "from people dirtier than me," but, to a person, they have no shame because the spirits have made them "want to be women." Innocente's family "tried to change me" but finally gave up and accepted him.  "That's the way God made him," said his father, who also assured the camera that none of his relatives or ancestors was gay. These masisi, like their Cuban counterparts, are very popular with closeted and married men.  "90% of Haitian men are homosexual," insisted Madsen.  "They see us in secret and like us because we're much tighter than girls," said a colleague..."

Des hommes et des dieux. - L'homosexualité dans le Vodou - les homosexuels et les lesbiennes sont libres de participer à la tradition de Vodou, et ils peuvent devenire pretres ou pretresses du Vodou. - GLBT and Vodou.

Queering Creole Spiritual Traditions: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Participation in African-Inspired Traditions in the Americas - 2004 - by Randy P. Conner and David Hatfield Sparks. Book Review (by C. Lynn Carr, Journal of Folklore Research): "Drawing on extant literature and interviews, Conner catalogues claims of gender and sexual complexity among divinities within the African diaspora: the Lwa of Vodou, the Orishas of Yoruba origin, and the Spirits and Orixa of Brazil. Many are associated with androgyny, homosexuality, bisexuality, or homosexual, bisexual, or transgendered adherents. For example, the Vodou Lwa Ezili Danto is considered by some to protect lesbians (60). The Yoruba-derived Orisha Olokun is alternately described as male, female, androgynous, and hermaphroditic (72–73). The Brazilian Orixa Pomba Gira is associated with prostitutes and drag queens (82). Conner next turns his attention to the practitioners of African-inspired religions in the Americas. He discusses gender and sexual complexity in both temporary ritual contexts and in communities of GLBT identifiers. In Vodou, Candomble, and Lucumi/Santeria, he recounts evidence of both acceptance and discrimination... Inevitably, this is a book that proves its point: “queer” folk have always been a part of African-inspired religions. They have contributed greatly to their quality and continuation. Despite discrimination, they will continue to be a part of these religions. Conner asks that priests and priestesses in religions that supposedly promote “cool heads” and individual improvement of character focus on these things rather than on their own cultural biases concerning gender and sexuality...". - Bold Seeker: Interview with Author: “Non-dominant” spiritual traditions like those of the Caribbean and Brazil have much to teach us, including that the Divine can be envisioned as Black, female, gay, and/or transgender, and that the Divine can be embodied by, and have as priests and priestesses, gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people. They also teach us that we can contact the Divine in numerous ways, including through dance, divination, and magic. That, at least in some spiritual households, our unions can be celebrated. And that we can attain a beautiful afterlife without giving up our love of the same sex. Beyond this, it has been very eye-opening and rewarding to take the intersection of GLBT and spirituality from the realms of history and spiritual and mythic concepts to particular spiritual communities and to see how broad notions play out in the everyday lives of flesh-and-blood individuals..." Gay Today Book Review.

Queering Creole Spiritual Traditions: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Participation in African-Inspired Traditions in the Americas. Book Review by Harmony Bench (African Arts, 2004): "As the title indicates, this book is a study of queer practitioners of African-derived spiritual traditions. Relying on both personal experiences with members of these religious communities as well as information gathered from surveys and interviews, the authors conduct a thorough investigation into the participation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered/transexual (LGBT) persons in Vodou, Lucumi/Santeria, Candomble, and other spiritual practices inspired by Yoruba religion and philosophy. Rather than look at a few of these religious communities and all of their members, Conner, as the primary author, has highlighted certain persons based on their sexual identities, affiliations, and behaviors. That Conner isolates a particular set of identities, namely gender and sexual identities, from their larger religious communities and contexts is perhaps questionable. Conner himself notes, "In part because of the necessity of assuming multiple identities, roles, and tasks, a number of practitioners I interviewed seemed surprised, indeed others seemed perturbed, that I had chosen to foreground lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender identities or subjectivities in this text" (p. 309)..." - Review.

Maher MJ (2007). Experiences of Religious Gay Men in Havana, Cuba. Journal of Religion and Society, 9. Full Text: "All of the subjects saw Santeria as the religion in Cuba that was totally accepting of gay people. Some believed that many gays were attracted to Santeria because of its tolerance. Miguel (Catholic) shared, “I believe that if the (Catholic) Church were to open its doors to the homosexual population, they would not turn to Santeria so much.” Some expressed that it was a common stereotype that many Santero men were gay. The Santeros were adamant, however, that they were not attracted to Santeria because of its tolerance of gay people. Alexi stated, “There are many, but not because the religion calls for them or anything like that. Years back there were only a few.” Francisco shared, “In Santeria gatherings, there’s always a sympathy among the gays, but it’s not that, that I would go to those places to look to get together with other gays. I go to practice Santeria.” Conner and Sparks noted that some gays in Haiti were attracted to Vodou because they felt rejected by Catholicism. They also found that some HIV-positive gays in Cuba had been attracted to Santeria because of its association with miraculous healing. Mason found that many Santeria priests were gay and drew a connection between gay identity and spirit possession."

Wicca / Paganism

Sexual orientation and Wicca: "Throughout most branches of Wicca, all sexual orientations are considered healthy and positive, provided that individual sexual relationships are healthy and loving. Sexual orientation is therefore not considered an issue. Gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (GLBT) people are almost always welcomed in individual communities, covens, study groups, and circles." - Sex: A Pagan Perspective: "Sex, it's a very touchy subject with most people, particularly the religious community. Pagans tend to be very open-minded when it comes to sex and sexuality. In this article I will explain how the modern Pagan community views sex; dispel myths about Paganism and sex; and explain how Pagan relationships tend to work. As always these are my own opinions based on my own morality and experiences..." - Paganism and Sexuality.

Gay Pagans, Gay Witches...? Polarity, Gender and Sexuality in the Craft. - Gay Pagans, Gay witches... Gay Witchcraft.

The Fairies Are Dancing All Over the World... Most, but not all, self-described Radical Faeries are Pagans. I will be focusing on Pagan Faeries. - Is the god and goddess imagery dominating paganism a turn-off? "With a model for understanding gayness in the universe that's based strictly on masculine and feminine energy, you tend to get euphemisms like "GLBT folk have a different blend of these energies." In less positive terms, gay men are less manly, and gay women are less feminine. We're gender hybrids. I don't think this solution works for my own experience and know of many gay men who feel likewise. By recognizing that the two fundamental types have both forms (yang and yin) and directions (yang-yang, yin-yin, yang-yin, yin-yang), a proper typology is in place for describing all the diverse varieties of human love and sexual expressions."

Closets Within Closets: "It’s no secret that the Wiccan and Pagan community is, for the most part, a tolerant and accepting environment for gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people. Hell, in part, it’s that very factor that attracted me the most to Wicca. The moment I read “Being gay is okay” in my first book about Wicca, I was set. I knew I wanted to know more, and it’s led me, almost a year and a half later, deeply into a community that I absolutely love and a faith that I feel passionate about. So how do I tell my family about this? Obviously, the broom closet is an issue that every Pagan, at one point or another, has to face..."  - Gay Pagans: Essays. - Being a Gay Pagan.

Homosexuality in Norse polytheism. - Androgyny: The Pagan Sexual Ideal (Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 2000: Alternate Link):  "The thesis of this paper is that to understand the contemporary sexual revolution, we need to see the "new sexuality," [particularly in this paper in its homosexual expression], as an integral expression of age-old religious paganism... The Androgynous Priest/Shaman as the Embodiment of Pagan Spirituality: Throughout time and across space, the pagan cultus consistently, though not exclusively, holds out as its sexual representative the emasculated, androgynous priest. Mircea Eliade, a respected expert in comparative religions, argues that androgyny as a religious universal or archetype appears virtually everywhere and at all times in the world's religions. Much evidence exists to support this judgment..."  - Sex Magic Ritual Practice in the Mystery Religion School Tradition: A new slant on the term 'Brotherly Love'.

Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Wiccans & Pagans Resources. - Gay Pagan Links. - Pagan Theologies: Sexuality... Resources. - Gay Pagan Web Sites.

Other Religions:

- The Zoroastrian Faith and Homosexuality. - Pilgrims Covenant Church: Homosexuality: The Truth. - The Moravian Church—Northern Province: Homosexuality Resolutions.

Gay/Lesbian Sprituality

Homospirituality: A Queer Kind of Faith. - Telling Our Stories. Gay Spirit Visions Home Page. (Visionary Newsletter) - Spirituality Site Links to inspire your journey to justice: Australian, International, and For Women. - Gay and homosexually active Aboriginal men in Sydney: Religion. (Alternate Link) - Gay Spirituality. - A New Spirituality for Gays. - Lesbian.com: Spirituality. - Gay Men's Spirituality Home Page: Now - Healthy Spirituality Home Page. - Center for Sacred Sexuality and Spirituality- From The Universal Way: "..bisexuality would be the expression of sexuality which is closest to that of the nature of soul." - Homosexuality and Agape... or: Notes Towards a Truly Comprehensive Theory of Gayness. - Central Texas Metropolitan Community Church: Queer Spirituality.- Toby Johnson: Gay Spirituality (YouTube, 2011).

Gay Spirit Visions Fall Conference Keynote Address - 1999 "Words, Birds, Numbers & Roses" by Andrew Ramer. - Queer Spirit: On Sexual Identity as Help and Hindrance. - A new spirituality for gays. - Gay Lesbians & Bisexuals and Spirituality Papers. - Gay Spirituality: The Role of Gay Identity in the Transformation of Human Consciousness. - Spirit & Flesh: Web Site dedicated to helping gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered (GLBT) people grow in their relationship with God and with one another. - The spiritual roots of homosexuality. - Homosexuality & Spirituality. - Ka Le'a O Ke Ola: A Forum on Kanaka Maoli Culture, Sexuality, and Spirituality. - Reuniting Sexuality and Spirituality. (Alternate Link) - Mystics, Myths, Symbols & Gay Buddhists: Book List & Review. - Adelaide hosts first ever Queer Spirituality Festival. - Gay Spirituality and the Radical Faeries (2012).

GLBT Religion & Spirituality - A Selective Bibliography: 2011–present (2006-2010. 2000-2005. 1950-1999. See: Bibliographies: Subject: LGBT Issues in Religion.). - AstroStar's Books on Gay and Lesbian Spirituality. - Books of gay spirit & wisdom. - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Spirituality Bibliography. - Gay Spirituality & Religious Resources. - GLBT Spirituality Resources. - Outspirit: Spiritual Resources for the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender People. - Visionary: The Journal of gay spirit visions. - Gay Spirituality: Integral Views for the LGBT Community.

Search GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Search BGLAD. - Search the QRD. - Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search Google.com. - Search Google Scholar. - Search Google's G:LBT Directory. - MSN Search. - Search findarticles.com: many full text articles and papers.

Academic Searches: Search IngentaConnect: The most comprehensive collection of academic and professional publications. - Search Project Muse: Scholarly Journals Online. - Search JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Search The National Library of Medicine.


Towards a BIsexual Spirituality. - Bisexuality & Theology. - 2 distinctive items separating bi-affirmative spirituality from gay affirmative spirituality: "Often times when I read about 'gay-affirmative' spirituality, there is two elements I would like to see but usually do not. These same two items are often missing from most gay activist rhetoretic, but I feel the acceptance of the following two items are necessary if faith communities are to welcome bisexuals into their midst: ... - Bisexuals: Nobody or Everybody? Four Guidelines. - Sanctuary of the Dark Rose: "The Sanctuary is a haven for acceptance, exploring and those of us living   alternative or fetish lifestyles, lovestyles and belief styles.  BDSM, D/s, Polyamory, BBW & larger size loves, Bisexuality, Paganism/spiritualism...or just being a woman! Above all.... we are all human and seek to find and share LOVE."

Blessed Bi Spirit: Bisexual People of Faith - 2000 - edited by Debra R. Kolodny (11 Sample Pages) (Review). - Walking in the Garden of God. - Loraine Hutchins: Expert on bisexuality, sacred & radical sex, and inter-related oppressions issues: Selected Writings.

Transgender / Transsexual / Intersexual

Can You Be Transgendered and Christian? - The Spirit of Transgender. (Alternate Link) - Religion, spirituality, and transsexuality. - Religion and Transsexuals. - Religion & Transgender Behavior. - Transgender - The spiritual aspect to my transition. - Transgender Healing: Is Wholeness the Answer? - TSG Pittsburgh - Spiritual Issues: Sermon "Beyond Gender". - Transgendered Blessing! - Transvestism vs. Gender-Straightening--by Bible Bending. - Interview with Justin Tanis Author of Transgendered Spirituality. - The Yellamma Cult. - I am a galla or transgendered priestess of the Goddess (Alternate Link). - Transgender Myth. - On Gender, Transsexuality, Buddhism, and My Everyday life. - Transgendered Spirituality. - Transgender Spirituality and Activism

Transgendered Christians. - Transsexual Methodist Minister Leaves Denomination. (Alternate Link) - Unitarian Universalists' GLBT Resources: - Transgender Pastoral Care (PDF Downloads Available). - Transgender 102. - Transgender Pastoral Care by Sarah I. Gibb (PDF Download) (PDF Download). - Emergence Ministries is dedicated to serving the spiritual and physical  needs of the transgendered community. - Bomis: The Society/Transgendered/Spirituality ring. - Hermaphrodeities: The Transgender Spirituality Workbook - 2002 - by Raven Brangwyn Kaldera (Related Information).

Intersex Support Group International: God's Unique Creation.


Articles: - Seeking a Spiritual Context in the Lives of Lesbian and Gay Men.  - Two stories from the book, Much More than Sexuality: Listening to 70 Gay People Talk About Their Lives edited by Liz and John Sherblom: - Virginia & Ted. - Homosexuality and Spirituality: A framework to reclaim sexuality. - Towards a Theory of Moral Change. - PersuAsian: Newsmagazine: Gay Asian & Pacific Islander Spirituality (Articles) - The importance of spirituality among gay and lesbian individuals

F. Kenneth Freedman - Gay & Lesbian Mental Health (Part 1) - Part 2. - Faith, Identity, and Gay & Lesbian Awakening. - Spiritual / Sacred Psychology. - Multicultural Counseling. - Ecopsychology. His 1998 Master's Thesis - Rainbow Bridges: Counseling with Gays and Lesbians, Paying Particular Attention to Cultural, Spiritual, and Psychological "Otherness" - is available as a download "thesis.doc" file via the Home Page.

White Crane: A Journal of Gay Men's Spirituality  (New Link) -  Whosoever: An online magazine for GLBT Christians.  -  Gay Theological Journal/Homosexual Perspectives on Religion & The Scriptures. - glbtq.com: Spirituality

Mel White's - "Justice Net." - Justice Net Archives. - Mel White "Soulforce.org" site. - Against All Odd: A Reflection on Soulforce at Lynchburg. - 1998 Diversity Conference (Alberta) Embracing Spirituality Embracing Sexuality. - The Ultimate "Planet Out" Guide to Queer Movies (Subject: Religion / Spirituality).

Critical Reflections: Thoughtful People Sharing Ideas: Sexualitiy. - Queer Asian Spirit: Writings. - The pioneering books of John J. McNeill: The Landmark Trilogy of Books on Gay and Lesbian Liberation, Self-Acceptance and Spiritual Maturity.

Religion Links: - QRD: Religion/Judeo-Christian Link. - QRD: Religion/ Judeo-Christian/ Protestantism Links. - Gay Theological Journal N/A. - Pridelinks - Open Directory. - Google.com  - Netgai / religion et spiritualité. - Gay at Messiah.org Resources. - The Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies in Religion and Ministry- Homosexuality and Christianity Links. - Religious/ Christian/ Denominational Links. - GaySpirituality Links. - White Crane list of gay spirituality web sites. - Gay Religion and Spirituality Links. - Gay Spirituality Links. - Young, gay, and struggling with spirituality? - Bent Links: Gay lesbian bisexual transgender spirituality and religion. - Homosexuality and Religion.

Resources: - Whosoever Magazine - Bridges Across  - Gay: Religion: Most of the articles focuses on how gay issues relate to Christianity, specifically to the New Testament. - The Free Net article listing: gay/religion. - Gay Lesbians & Bisexuals and Spirituality Papers. - Baptist Resources. - Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Religion Documents. - Internet Resources: Gay & Lesbian Religious Organizations. - Gay Spirituality & Religious Resources. - Holy Union Resources. - Links: GLBT Spirituality and GLBT Indianapolis. - Queer Asian Spirit. - House of Saadaya: A Call to Remember Our Spiritual Legacy... "If, today, we are suffering from a gradual ecological waste, this is simply because the gatekeepers have been fired from their job" - Malidoma Somé.  - Gay Spirituality & Culture. - Homosexuality and Spirituality: A Wisdom Archive on Homosexuality and Spirituality. - The Gay Spirituality of Toby Johnson. - Spirituality and Paganism: A Gay View: Essays. - Catholic Ministry with Gay and Lesbian Persons: Resources. - Cristianos Gays (Translation).

Bibliograhies / Book Lists: Gay-MART: Books - Spirituality & Religion. - Bibliography: Lesbian and Gay Theology. - Books on Gay and Lesbian Spirituality. - Religion and Spirituality. - FTM Intl - TG Spirit Bibliography. - Suggested Reading List On Christians and Homosexuality. - Open and Affirming Church Homes. - Gay and Christian?: A LesBiGay Bibliography. - American Anglican Council: Bibliography on Marriage & Sexuality. - Books on same-sex marriage. - Whosoever Book List. - Books on Religion and the GLBT Community. - Books on GLBT Spirituality. - Non­Fiction Books:  Religion and Spirituality. - Queer Religion Bibliography. - GLBT/Church Issues Bibliography. Amazon: Gay/Lesbian Spirituality Books. - Shannon's Queer Spirituality Bibliography. - Five queer spirituality authors honored as Lambda Literary Awards finalists: 2004. - Sexuality & Spirituality Resources. - A Catholic Bibliography on Gay Issues. - Geoffrey's gay/religious bibliography. - Bibliography  on the Biblical Interpretation of passages on homosexuality. - Ritter & Terndrup GLBT Bibliography: Spirituality, Traditional Religion. - A Catholic Bibliography on LGBT Issues. - Pastoral Care Resources: Books. - A Catholic Bibliography on Gay Issues. - GLBT Religion & Spirituality - A Selective Bibliography: 2006–2010. - GLBT Religion & Spirituality - A Selective Bibliography: 2011–present (2006-2010. 2000-2005. 1950-1999. See: Bibliographies: Subject: LGBT Issues in Religion.).

Finalists for the annual Lambda Literary Awards: 2007, 2006 (Winners), 2005 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 2004 (Winners & Nominees), 2003 (Winners & Nominees), 2002 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 2001 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 2000 (Winners) (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), Must Scroll), 1999 (Winners & Nominees) (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 1998 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 1997 (Winners & Nominees, Must Scroll), 1996 (Winners & Nomineesl), 1992-1995 (Winners & Nominees), 1988-1991 (Winners & Nominees). Categories: Anthology - Arts & Culture - Bisexual - Childrens/Young Adult - Drama/Theater - Humor - LGBT Nonfiction - LGBT Studies - Sci-Fi/Fantasy/Horror - Spirituality - Transgender -- Lesbian Fiction - Lesbian Romance - Lesbian Mystery - Lesbian Poetry - Lesbian Memoir/Biography - Lesbian Erotica - Lesbian Debut Fiction -- Gay Fiction - Gay Romance - Gay Mystery - Gay Poetry - Gay Memoir/Biography - Gay Erotica - Debut Gay Fiction.

Lambda Literary Award (Wikipedia): "Lambda Literary Awards (also known as "Lammies") are awarded yearly by the US-based Lambda Literary Foundation to published works which celebrate or explore LGBT themes." Winner from 2002 to 2005 are listed. - Lambda Literary Award Nominees And Winners - Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror: 1989-2002.

To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!   


Books: - Homosexuality and World Religions - 1993 - edited by Arlene Swidler (Review) (9 Sample Pages). - Congregations in Conflict: The Battle Over Homosexuality - 1996 - by Keith Hartman (Review) (10 Sample Pages). - Sex and the Church: Gender, Homosexuality, and the Transformation of Christian Ethics - 1998 - by Kathy Rudy (10 Sample Pages). - Unrepentant, Self-Affirming, Practicing: Lesbian/Bisexual/Gay People Within Organized Religion - 1996 - by Gary David Comstock - by Gary David Comstock (11 Sample Pages). - Jesus and the Shamanic Tradition of Same-Sex Love - 2004 - by Will Roscoe. - The Church & Homosexuality: Searching for a Middle Ground - 2001 - by Merton P. Strommen. Extended Review. - Other Voices, Other Worlds: The Global Church Speaks Out on Homosexuality - 2006 - edited by Terry Brown (Amazon). - Spirited: Affirming the Soul and Black Gay/Lesbian Identity - 2006 - edited by G. Winston James and Lisa C. Moore. Review.  - Homosexuality: The Use of Scientific Research in the Church’s Moral Debate - 2000 - by Stanton Jones and Mark Yarhouse (Review). - Take Back the Word: A Queer Reading of the Bible - 2000 - edited by Robert E. Goss and Mona West (Review) (Review) (Review). - Crisis: 40 Stories Revealing the Personal, Social, and Religious Pain and Trauma of Growing Up Gay in America - 2008 - edited by Mitchell Gold and Mindy Drucker. - Bulletproof Faith: A Spiritual Survival Guide for Gay and Lesbian Christians - 2008 - by Candace Chellew-Hodge.- Coming Out, Coming Home: Making Room For Gay Spirituality In Therapy - 2009 - by Kenneth A Burr. - Islam and homosexuality, Volume 1 - 2010 - by Samar Habib (Google Books). - Islam and Homosexuality, 2 Volume Set - 2009 - edited by Samar Habib. - Homosexuality in Islam: Islamic Reflection on Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Muslims - 2009 - by Scott Alan Kugle (Google Books). Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality : Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century - 2005, 8th edition - by John Boswell (Google Books) (Review).

Homosexuality : Catholic Teaching and Pastoral Practice - 1996 - by Gerald D. Coleman (14 Sample Pages). - The Silence of Sodom: Homosexuality in Modern Catholicism - 2000 - by Mark D. Jordan (26 Sample Pages). The Invention of  Sodomy in Christian Theology by Mark Jordan  (Google Books) (Review) (Review) (Review). - Being Gay or Lesbian in a Catholic High School: Beyond the Uniform - 2002 - by Michael Maher Jr (Review). - Faith Beyond Resentment: Fragments Catholic and Gay - 2001 - by James Alison (12 Sample Pages). - Gay Catholics Down Under: The Journeys in Sexuality and Spirituality of Gay Men in Australia and New Zealand - 1992 - by B. R. Simon Rosser. - This Remarkable Gift: Being Gay & Catholic - 1998 - by Maurice Shinnick. - Gay Catholics Down Under: The Journeys in Sexuality and Spirituality of Gay Men in Australia and New Zealand - 1992 - by B. R. Simon Rosser. - Queer Inclusion in the United Methodist Church - 2008 - by Amanda Udis-Kessler. - Study New Testament For Lesbians, Gays, Bi, And Transgender: With Extensive Notes On Greek Word Meaning And Context - 2007 - by Dr A. Nyland. - Clinical Handbook of Pastoral Counseling - 1992 - by Richard D. Parsons, Robert J. Wicks, Donald Capps. - Clinical Handbook of Pastoral Counseling, Volume 2 - 1993 - by Robert J. Wicks and Richard D. Parsons. - Clinical Handbook of Pastoral Counseling, Volume 3 - 2003 - edited by Robert J. Wicks, Richard D. Parsons, and Donald Capps (Google Books).

The Homosexual Person: New Thinking in Pastoral Care - 1987 - by John F. Harvey, Benedict Goreschel (15 Sample Pages). - Anything But Straight: Unmasking the Scandals and Lies Behind the Ex-Gay Myth - 2003 - by Wayne R. Besen. - The After-Death Room: Journey Into Spiritual Activism - 2006 - by Michael McColly. Review.  - Qu(e)erying Evangelism: Growing a Community From the Outside In - 2005 - by Cheri Dinovo. Review.  - Homosexuality and the American Public Life - a book by the American Public Philosophy Institute: A Book Review by Father John McCloskey (20 Sample Pages).  - Sanctity and Male Desire: A Gay Reading of Saints - 2004 - by Donald Boisvert (Review) (Review). - Gay Religion - 2004 - edited by Scott Thumma & Edward R. Gray (Review).

In the Lap of the Buddha - 1994 - by Gavin Harrison (Abstract) (32 Sample Pages). - Buddhism After Patriarchy - 1993 - by Rita M. Gross (Review) (17 Sample Pages). - Buddhism, Sexuality, and Gender - 1992 - edited by Jose Ignacio Cabezon (Table of Contents) (19 Sample Pages). - Buddhism Pure and Simple - 2001 - by Hsing Yun (Translated by Tom Graham) (Review) (Amazon.com Reference). - Queer Dharma: Voices of Gay Buddhists -1998 - edited by Winston Leyland (Review) (Review) (12 Sample Pages).

Sex, Longing & Not  Belonging: A Gay Muslim's Quest for Love & Meaning by Badruddin Khan (Commentaries) (Comments). -  Journeys & Arrivals: On Being Gay and Jewish - 1996 - by Lev Raphael (Review) Includes a list of related books (Amazon.com Reference). -  Lesbian Rabbis: The First Generation - 2001 - edited by Rebecca T. Alpert, Sue Levi Elwell, Shirley Idelson (16 Sample Pages) (Book Review) (Related Commentary) (Home Page of Rebecca Alpert). - A Gay Synagogue in New York - 2002 - by Moshe Shokeid. 

Gay Spirit: A Gay Men's Myth Book - 1995 - by Will Roscoe (Review) (Amazon.com Reference). - Queer Spirits: A Gay Men’s Myth Book by Will Roscoe (Excepts, Contents by geographic area). - Much More than Sexuality: Listening to 70 Gay People Talk About Their Lives edited by Liz and John Sherblom (Abstract, and links to two sections.) (Review). - Blessed Bi Spirit: Bisexual People of Faith - 2000 - edited by Debra R. Kolodny (11 Sample Pages). - Openly Gay, Openly Christian: A Gay-Friendly approach to Scripture - 1999 -  by Samuel Kader. - Two-Spirit People: Native American Gender Identity, Sexuality, and Spirituality - 1997 - by Sue-Ellen Jacobs, Wesley Thomas, Sabine Lang (20 Sample Pages). - Two Flutes Playing - 2005 - by Andrew Ramer. - Openly Gay Openly Christian: How the Bible Really is Gay Friendly - 1999 - by Samuel Kader (Review).

Gay Spirituality: The Role of Gay Identity in the Transformation of Human Consciousness - 2000 - by Toby Johnson (Review) (Introduction) (By author: Spirituality and Gay Identity). - Blossom of Bone: Reclaiming the Connections Between Homoeroticism and the Sacred - 1993 - by Randy P. Conner (Review) (Amazon.com Reference). - Loving Men: Gay Partners, Spirituality, and AIDS - 1998 - by Richard P. Hardy (Amazon.com Reference). - Sex and spirit: Exploring Gay Men's Spirituality - 1995 - by Robert Barzan (Review). - From Queer to Eternity: Spirituality in the Lives of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual People - 1997 - by Peter Sweasey (Review) (Amazon.com Reference). - Sex and the Sacred: Gay Identity and Spiritual Growth - 2006 - by Daniel A. Helminiak. Authors' Web Site. Review. - Gay Perspective: Things Our Homosexuality Tells Us About the Nature of God and the Universe - 2003 - by Toby Johnson. Author's Web Site. Reviews. - Gay Perspective: Things Our Homosexuality Tells Us about the Nature of God and the Universe - 2008 - by Toby Johnson (Google Books) (Author Interview, YouTube, 2011) (Author Website). - Gay Soul: Finding the Heart of Gay Spirit and Nature with Sixteen Writers, Healers, Teache - 1995 - by Mark Thompson. - Gay Religion - 2004 - edited by Thumma Scott and Edward R. Gray. Related Web Site. Sample Chapters. - Coming Out, Coming Home: Making Room for Gay Spirituality in Therapy - 2009 - by Kenneth Burr (Google Books) (Author Website) (Related YouTube Video) (Review). - The Fire In Moonlight: Stories from the Radical Faeries - 2011 - edited by Mark Thompson (Abstract) (Author Website) (Review).

The Path Of The Green Man: Gay Men, Wicca and Living a Magical Life - 2005 - by Michael Thomas Ford. - Gay Witchcraft: Empowering the Tribe - 2003 - by Christopher Penczak. - Pagan Polyamory: Becoming a Tribe of Hearts - 2005 - by Raven Kaldera. - Sons Of The Goddess: A Young Man's Guide to Wicca - 2005 - by Christopher Penczak. - Magia Sexualis: Sex, Magic, and Liberation in Modern Western Esotericism - 2006 - by Hugh B. Urban (PDF Download: Chapter 1). - Omnigender: A Trans-Religious Approach - 2001 - by Virginia Ramey Mollenkott. Review Essay

Same-Sex Marriage: The Moral and Legal Debate - 1998 - edited by Robert M. Baird, Stuart E. Rosenbaum (Abstract, Contents) (11 Sample Pages) (Review). - The Case for Same-Sex Marriage: From Sexual Liberty to Civilized Commitment - 1996 - by William N., Jr Eskridge. - Same-Sex Marriage: Pro and Con - 1997 - edited by Andrew Sullivan, Joseph Landau (14 Sample Pages). - The Lesbian and Gay Book of Love and Marriage: Creating the Stories of Our Lives - 1998 - by Paula Martinac, Roberta Achtenberg (23 Sample Pages) (Review).

An Ounce of Prevention: Preventing the Homosexual Condition in Today's Youth - 1998 - by Don Schmierer (Review). - The Same Sex Controversy: Defending and Clarifying the Bible's Message About Homosexuality - by James R.White & Jeffrey D. Niell (Review). - Welcoming But Not Affirming: An Evangelical Response to Homosexuality - 1998 - by Stanley J. Grenz. - Same-Sex Partnerships?: A Christian Perspective - 1998 - by John R. W. Stott. - Love Between Women: Early Christian Responses to Female Homoeroticism - 1996 - by Bernadette Brooten (Review). - Blessed Bi Spirit: Bisexual People of Faith - 2000 - edited by Debra R. Kolodny (11 Sample Pages) (Review). 

The "SEARCH Section" For...
The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Search Engines & Directories: Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture.

Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of  Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.

Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal- Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com

Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers).  eScholarship Repository:  University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries.  - NTUR, National Taiwan University- Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. -  UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki- E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory

Search for Free Articles, Papers or ReportsFindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere.  The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.

Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.

Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses,  Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway.  - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.

Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. -  Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. -  Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers,  2005,  3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports.

Full Text Articles / Papers / Studies / Reports (and/or Abstracts):

Abraham, Ibrahim  (2007). 'The veil and the closet: Islam and the production of queer space'. Paper presented at the "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference. PDF Download. Download Page.

Alves AM (2010). Identity, Judaism and Homosexuality: Two Stories About Belonging. Vibrant, 7(1): 78-102. PDF Download.

Amico JM (2004). Clergy and sexual boundaries: addiction and sexual orientation issues. Addiction Professional, 2(6): 33-36. PDF DownloadDownload Page.

Amico JM (2003). Healing from spiritual abuse: assisting gay and lesbian clients. Addiction Professional, 1(9): 18-20.  PDF DownloadDownload Page.

Austriaco NPG (2003). The myth of the gay gene. Homiletic & Pastoral Review, December. PDF Download.

Béa, Tahseen (2006). Is My Yearning for You Sexual or Spiritual? Cultivating the Divine between Us. Paper presented at the 3rd Conference on Sex & Sexuality. PDF:  9-19. (Project Archives).

Birch, Zachary G (2011). Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Spirituality: An Intersectional Identity Study. Master's Dissertation, Indiana State University. PDF Download.

Boivin MJ (1997). On the Horns of a Dilemma or at the Horn of the Altar: An Introduction to This Theme Issue. Christian Scholar's Review, Vol. 26(4). (Full text) (Full text) Christian Scholar's Review Vol 26(4). Theme Issue: Christianity and Homosexuality. Abstract. Abstract.

Bong, Sharon A. (2008). Sexualising Faith and Spiritualising Sexuality in Postcolonial Narratives of Same-Sex Intimacy. Paper presented at the 5th Conference on Sex & Sexuality. PDF. (Project Archives).

Bryant L, Bowman L (2011). The Role of Spirituality in the Lives of Black Same Gender Loving Men at Midlife. Paper presented at the 2011 Adult Education Research Conference (AERC). PDF Download.

Bulokhov, Alexey (2008). Claiming Marginal Sexual Identity within Mainstream Religious Culture: Soulforce Q Equality Ride Case Study. Paper presented at the 5th Conference on Sex & Sexuality. PDF. (Project Archives).

Cheng PS (2004). Reclaiming Our Traditions, Rituals, and Spaces: Spirituality and the Queer Asian Pacific American Experience. Spiritus 6: 234–240. PDF Download.

Cheng PS (2004). Roundtable Discussion: Same Sex Marriage. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, 20(2): 103-07. PDF Download.

Cheng PS (2003). Kuan Yin: Mirror of the Queer Asian ChristPDF Download.

Cheng PS (2002). Multiplicity and Judges 19: Constructing a Queer Asian Pacific American Biblical Hermeneutic. Semeia 90/91: 119-33. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Cheng PS (2001). Jesus, Mary, and the Beloved Disciple: Towards a Queer Asian Pacific American Christology PDF Download.

Coolidge, David O (1998). Playing the Loving Card: Same-Sex Marriage and the Politics of Analogy. BYU Journal of Public Law, 12(2). Full Text.

Coyle A, Rafalin D (2000). Jewish gay men's accounts of negotiating cultural, religious, and sexual identity: A qualitative study. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 12(4), 21-48. PDF Download.

Dahl, Angie L (2011). Sexual and Religious Identity Development Among Adolescent and Emerging Adult Sexual Minorities. All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. Paper 995. PhD Dissertation, Utah State University, Logan, Utah. PDF Download. Download Page.

Dueck, Timothy Allan (2006). Dual Identity: The Experiences of Gay Christian Males. Master of Social Work Dissertation. University of Brotosh Columbia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Fretheim TE (2001). The Old Testament and Homosexuality: What is God Doing? Unpublished paper delivered before the Council of Bishops of the ELCA.  Full Text.

Gagnon RAJ (2001). The Bible and Homosexual Practice: Theology, Analogies, and Genes. Theology Matters, 7(6).  PDF Download.

Ganzevoort RR, van der Laan M, Olsman E (2011). Growing up Gay and Religious. Conflict, Dialogue, and religious Identity Strategies. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 14(3): 209-222. PDF Download.

Glacer C, Editor (2008). Gender Identity and Our Faith Communities: a congregational guide for transgender advocacy. Human Rights Campaign Foundation. PDF Download. Audio Files of Dramatic Readings.  

Grace J, Rhamey C, Dukett M, Gill K, Bell R (2007). Coming Out Gay, Coming Out Christian: The Beginnings of GLBT Christianity in San Diego, 1970-1979. The Journal of San Diego History, 53(3): 117-125. PDF Download. Download Page.

Grenz SJ (2004). Homosexuality and the Christian Sex Ethic. The Other Journal, 4. Full Text. Download Page.

Gross M, Yip AKP (2010). Living Spirituality and Sexuality: A Comparison of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Christians in France and Britain. Social Compass, 57(1): 40-59. PDF Download.

Guenther H (2002). Perspectives on homosexuality: A review article. Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 45: 497-512. Full Text.

Henrickson M (2007). A Queer kind of faith: Religion and spirituality in  esbian, Gay and Bisexual New Zealanders. Aotearoa Ethnic Network Journal, 2(2). PDF Download.

Henrickson M (2007). Lavender faith: religion, spirituality and identity in lesbian, gay and bisexual New Zealanders. Journal od Religion & Spirituality in Social Work, 26(3): 63-80. PDF Download. xx

Isaak PJ (1998). Homosexuality: dimensions of the issue in church and society in Namibia. (Homosexuality: Some Elements for an Ecumenical Discussion - African research concerning homosexuality suggests that Africans stress the principles of inclusiveness and acceptance. In Namibia, the Constitution reflects...). The Ecumenical Review, January 1. Full Text.

Jaspal, Rusi (2010). Identity threat among British Muslim gay men. To be pubished in The Psychologist. PDF Download. Download Page.

Jaspal R, Siraj A (2011). Perceptions of ‘coming out’ among British Muslim gay men. Psychology & Sexuality, 2(3): 183-197. PDF Download.

Jaspal R, Cinnirella M (In press, 2010)Coping with potentially incompatible identities: accounts of religious, ethnic and sexual identities from British Pakistani men who identify as Muslim and gay.  British Journal of Social Psychology. PDF Download Download Page.

Jeffries WL, Dodge B, Sandfort TG (2008). Religion and spirituality among bisexual Black men in the USA. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 10(5): 463-77. PDF Download.

Johnson WS (2006). Same-Gender Relationships in the Church: Seven Theological Viewpoints. PDF Download.

Klein, Diane (2007). Judaism/Same-Sex Marriage; Homosexuality and Jewish Marriage; Reimagining Taharat HaMishpachah. Paper presented at the 4th Conference on Sex & Sexuality. PDF. (Project Archives).

Knight SK, Hoffman L (2007). Sexual Identity Development and Spiritual Development: The Impact of Multiple Lines of Development. Paper presented at the 115th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA, August, 2007. PDF Download.

Kolenbrander N (2007). Opening the Door. Perspectives: A journal of Reformed thought. Full Text

Kraus, Kelly (2011). Queer Theology: Reclaiming Christianity for the LGBT Community. e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work, 2(3). Full Text.

Larrson B(1998). A quest for clarity: the World Council of Churches and human sexuality. The Ecumenical Review, January 1. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com.

Law EHF (1997). A Spirituality of Creative Marginality. In: Que(e)rying Religion: A Critical Anthology, Gary David Comstock and Susan E. Henking (Eds.). New York: Continuum, 343-46.  PDF Download.

Lee JMG (2004). Queerly a Good Friday. In: Restoried Selves: Autobiographies of Queer Asian/Pacific American Activists, Kevin K. Kumashiro (Ed.). New York: Harrington Park Press, 81-86.  PDF Download.

Lewis-Williams, Jeniece T (2006). Race, religion, and homosexuality: Black Protestants and homosexual acceptance. Master's Dissertation, Department of Sociology, Baylor University. PDF Download. Download Page.

Liechty, Adele (2010). An Exploratory Study of the Life Experiences of Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual People, Who Were Raised in the U.S.A. Mennonite Church. Master's Dissertation, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, MA. PDF Download. Download Page.

Lienemann W (1998). Churches and homosexuality: an overview of recent official church statements on sexual orientation. The Ecumenical Review, January 1. Full Text.

Lim YL (1998). Webs of Betrayal, Webs of Blessings.In: Q&A: Queer in Asian America, David L. Eng and Alice Y. Hom (Eds.). Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 323-34.  PDF Download.

Loughlin G (2004). Gathered at the Altar: Homosexuals and Human Rights. The Other Journal, 7. [Theology Sexuality, 10(2): 73-82. AbstractFull Text. Download Page.

Love PG (1997). Contradiction and Paradox: Attempting to Change the Culture of Sexual Orientation at a Small Catholic College.  The Review of Higher Education 20(4), 381-398. Full text N/A.

Love P, Bockn M, Jannarone A, Richardson P (2005). Identity Interaction: Exploring the Spiritual Experiences of Lesbian and Gay College Students. Journal of College Student Development, 46(2): 193-209. Full Text.

Maher C (2010). Unanswered Questions: Buddhism and Homosexuality. Voices: The Academic Journal of the Women's aad Gender Studies Program, 1, Spring: 19-26. PDF Download.

Maher MJ (2007). Experiences of Religious Gay Men in Havana, Cuba. Journal of Religion and Society, 9. Full Text.

Malick DE (1993). The Condemnation of Homosexuality in Romans. Bibliotheca Sacra 150: 599: 327-340. PDF Download.

McGlasson, Terry D (2011). A phenomenological study of the coming out experience for gay men raised in conservative Christian environments. PhD Dissertation, Oregon State University. PDF Download. Download Page.

McMahon C (2006). Fecundity and Almodóvar? Sexual Ethics and the Specter of Catholicism. Journal of Religion and Film, 10(2). Full Text.

Miller RL (2005). An appointment with God: AIDS, place, and spirituality. Journal of Sex Research, 42(1), 35-45. Full Text.

Minwalla O, Rosser BR, Feldman J, Varga C (2005). Identity experience among progressive gay Muslims in North America: A qualitative study within Al-Fatiha. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 7(2): 113-128. Abstract.  PDF Download.

Montoya AD (2000). Homosexuality and the Church. TMSJ 11(2): 155-168. PDF Download.

Murchison, Jr. DC (1998). Scripture, tradition, knowledge and experience: a review of some recent literature from the church's conversation on homosexuality. The Ecumenical Review, January 1. Full Text.

O'Brien, Jodi (2004). Wrestling the Angel of contradiction: Queer Christian identities. Culture and Religion, 5 (2): 179-202. PDF Download.

Otto, Paul Bernard (2003). A participatory inquiry into cultural and religious discourses that either silence or promote gay voices. Master's Dissertation, University of South Africa. PDF Download.

Page, Matthew JL (2011). Religious and Sexual Identity in LGB Youth: Stressors, Identity Difficulty, and Mental Health Outcomes. Open Access Theses. Paper 282. Maaster's Dissertation, University of Miami. PDF Download.

Pitt RN (2010). "Killing the Messenger": Religious Black Gay Men’s Neutralization of Anti-Gay Religious Messages. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 49(1): 56-72. PDF Download.

Raine S (2007). Flirty Fishing in the Children of God: The Sexual Body as a Site of Proselytization and Salvation. Marburg Journal of Religion, 12(1).  Full Text.

Rayside, David (2010). American Muslim Response to Queer Visibility. Paper presnted at the 2010 APSA Annual Meeting. Download Page.

Robinson, Margaret Anne (2009). Turning Points in Identity and Theology: Bisexual Women Choosing Between Monogamous and Polyamorous Relationships. PhD Dissertation, Department of Theology of the Toronto School of Theology, University of St. Michael’s College. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Rostosky SS, Riggle ED, Brodnicki C, Olson A (2008).An Exploration of Lived Religion in Same-Sex Couples from Judeo-Christian Traditions. Family Process, 47(3): 389-403. Full Text.

Schippert C (2005). Queer Theory and the Study of Religion. Revista de Estudos da Religião, 4: 90-99.  PDF Download.

Schnoor RF (2008). Being Gay and Jewish: Negotiating Intersecting Identities. Sociology of Religion, 67(1): 43-60. PDF Download.

Scholz S (1999). Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 19:1-29) on the Internet: The Implications of the Internet for the Study of the Bible. Journal of Religion & Society, 1. PDF Download.

Schowengerdt, Dale M (2002). Defending Marriage: A litigation strategy to oppose same-sex "marriages." Regent University Law Review, 14(2): 487-511. PDF Download.

Seesholtz M (2005). When religion becomes a weapon of mass destruction: AIDS in Africa and sex education in America. Online Journal. Full Text.

Shallenberger D (1996). Reclaiming the Spirit: The journeys of gay men and lesbian women toward integration. Qualitative Sociology, 19(2): 195-215. PDF Download.

Shymko, Svitlana (2011). Gay and Christian, is it possible? : Overcoming double discrimination in post-Soviet Ukraine. Master's Dissertation, Department of Gender Studies, Central European University. PDF Download.

Siebert R (2010). The Lesbian, Bisexual and Questioning Peer Support Group at a Catholic University. Voices: The Academic Journal of the Women's amd Gender Studies Program, 1, Spring: 39-48. PDF Download.

Sloan JD (2008). The Gendered Altar: Wiccan Concepts of Gender & Ritual Objects. Master's Dissertation, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, College of Arts & Sciences, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida. PDF DownloadDownload Page.

Smith TA, et al (2006). Frequently Asked Questions About Sexuality, the Bible, and the Church. San Francisco: Covenant Network of Presbyterians. PDF Download. Download Page.

Strieter TW (2003+). Theological Reflections on the Issue of Homosexuality and the ChurchPDF DownloadDownload Page.

Subhi N, et al. (2011). Intrapersonal Conflict Between Christianity And Homosexuality: The Personal Effects Faced By Gay Men And Lesbians. e-Bangi, 6(2): 193-205. PDF Download. Download Page.

Thumma S (1991). Negotiating a Religious Identity: The Case of the Gay Evangelical. Sociological Analysis, 52(4): 333-347. PDF Download.

Toft, Alex (2011). Bisexual Christian identity: a sociological exploration of the life stories of female and male bisexual Christians. PhD. Dissertation, University of Nottingham. PDF Download.

Toft, Alex (2009). Negotiating Identity – Life Narratives of Bisexual Christians. Chapter 13. PDF Download.

van den Berg, Mariecke (2008). Until Everybody Gets There: Creating space for lesbian sexuality and faith in the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands. Master's Dissertation, Gender & Ethnicity, Utrecht University. PDF Download.

Wickham J (2004). The Church and Homosexuality. Journal of Lutheran Ethics, 4(8). Full Text.

Wilcox MM (2002). When Sheila's a lesbian: religious individualism among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Christians. Sociology of Religion, 63(4): 497-514.  Full Text.

Williams, Alan Michael (2011). Mormon and Queer at the Crossroads. Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, 44(1): 53-84. PDF Download.

Wink W (2004). Homosexuality and the Bible. The Other Journal, 4. Full Text. Download Page.

Wu R (2004). Becoming an Inclusive Community: Challenges from Hong Kong's Tongzhi Movement. In God's Image, 23(1). PDF Download.

Yip, Andrew KT (2008). Researching Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Christians and Muslims: Some Thematic Reflections. Sociological Research Online 13(1)5. Full Text.

Yip, Andrew KT (2005). Religion and the Politics of Spirituality/Sexuality: Reflections on Researching British Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Christians and Muslims. Fieldwork in Religion, 1(3): 271-289. PDF Download.

Yip AK-T (2005). Queering religious texts: An exploration of British non-heterosexual Christians’ and Muslims’ strategy of constructing sexuality-affirming hermeneutics. Sociology, 39 (1): 47-65. PDF Download.

Yip A K-T (2005). Uniquely Positioned?: Lived Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Asian Muslims in Britain. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Yip AKT (1997). Dare to differ: gay and lesbian Catholics' assessment of official Catholic positions on sexuality. Sociology of Religion, 58(2): 165-180. Full Text.

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