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A GLBTQ EDUCATION
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HIV & AIDS - Part 2 (Part 1)

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Index: HIV-AIDS - Male  Youth Prostitution - Homosexuality:  Biological  or  Learned ? Public School Issues - Transgender / Transvestite / Transsexual - Lesbian  &  Bisexual Women - Homo-Negativity / Phobia - Identity Formation  &  Coming Out - Counseling  &  Therapy - Professional Education  - Bisexuality - Religion   &  Spirituality - Gay & Bisexual Male Suicide Problems - Drug / Alcohol Use / Abuse / Addiction  -  - GLBT  History - Community Attributes  &  ProblemsCouples / Families / Children / Adoption / Spousal Violence - The Elderly - Race/Ethnic Minority Issues: U.S., Canada, Europe,  New Zealand & AustraliaLatin America / Africa - Middle East / Asia

HIV - AIDS - 1 & 2

Part 2 (This Page): - Prisons. - Small Cities & Rural Areas. - Substance Use / Abuse. - Child Sexual Abuse. - Barebacking & Public Sex. - Continuing HIV Epidemic / AIDS related Drugs / Vaccine. - Drug Resistant HIV. - HIV Situation Worldwide. - AIDS & Related Problems. - Internet Resources. - Books. - Full Text Papers.

Part 1: - Adolescents & Young Adult Males. - Ethnic Minority Males. - Intergenerational Issues. - Transgender. - Bisexuality. - The Elderly. - Lesbian / Bisexual / Heterosexual Women.

Little Taiko Boy

Closeted Calamity: The Hidden HIV Epidemic of Men Who Have Sex with Men (2010): The HIV pandemic has historically been thought of as either concentrated in specific populations—such as gay men, injection drug–users, sex workers—or generalized across the entire population in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. But as more and better epidemiological data has become available, the evidence is clear: men who have sex with men (MSM), regardless of whether or not they identify as gay, also are at the core of those generalized epidemics.
MSM in the Global AIDS Epidemic (2011): Gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionately heavy burden of the HIV pandemic. In low- and middle-income countries, MSM are 19 times more likely to be infected with HIV than the general population. Despite elevated HIV prevalence rates and heightened vulnerability to factors that drive HIV transmission, MSM have been under-recognized, under-studied, under-funded, and under-served historically in the global response to HIV & AIDS. The Global HIV Prevention Working Group estimates that HIV prevention services reach only 9% of MSM worldwide...
Men, males and MSM: For many years it has been recognised that HIV/AIDS programmes directed at "gay" men are likely to reach only a small proportion of their intended audience, particularly in the developing world. For many men who have sex with men, "gay" is a foreign concept; it is American, middle-class, effeminate, transvestite, transgender or a word they seldom hear. .

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Prisons

HIV/AIDS in Prison: Crisis of the Confined: "According to CDC report authored by Dr. Robert Greifinger, formally the Department of Correction's chief medical officer, and cited by Fox Butterfield in a New York Times article ["Infections in Newly Released Inmates Are Rising Concern" dated January 28, 2003], an inordinate number of inmates are leaving prison with one infectious disease or another. In 1996 alone, 1.3 million releasees had hepatitis C; 155,000 had hepatitis B; 12,000 had tuberculosis; 98,000 had HIV; and 39,000 had AIDS. Presumably, the numbers for 2003 are considerably higher..." - HIV Transmission and Prevention in Prisons. - Few Men Found to Get HIV in Prison: "About 90 percent of HIV-positive men in Georgia's prison system -- the nation's fifth largest -- were infected before they arrived, the study found. Over a 17-year period, 88 men became infected in prison by the virus that causes AIDS, chiefly through same-sex intercourse. Georgia prisons currently house about 45,000 men..." - HIV/AIDS in Prison: Crisis of the Confined.

HIV/AIDS and Men in Prison (Canada): "There are several risk behaviours that men are exposed to while in prison: unprotected sex; tattooing; and sharing needles and other drug equipment. Methadone treatment should be available in all prisons. Prevention tools (such as condoms and clean needles) and educational HIV/AIDS material must be made available to all inmates in a discreet manner. - HIV/AIDS in the Male-To-Female Transsexual and Trangendered Prison Population: A Comprehensice Strategy (Canada: PDF Download).

Gay Prisoners and HIV/AIDS. (Must Scroll) - Rape Crisis in U.S. Prisons: First-Ever National Survey Finds Widespread Abuse, Official Indifference. "Certain prisoners are targeted for sexual exploitation the moment they enter a penal facility: their age, looks, sexual orientation, and other characteristics mark them as candidates for abuse. Human Rights Watch's  research revealed a broad range of factors that correlate with increased vulnerability to rape. These include youth, small size, and physical weakness; being white, gay, or a first offender; possessing "feminine"  characteristics such as long hair or a high voice; being unassertive, unaggressive, shy, intellectual, not street-smart, or "passive"; or having been convicted of a sexual offense against a minor." - HIV in Prisons is 5 Times the Rate of General Population (PDF Download).  

(Ir)relevance of condoms in prisons. - Prison Rape. - Prison Rape andthe Spread of  HIV. - AIDS, Prison, and Preventative Medicine: Society's Debt to its Debtors. - The problem of prison rape. - Victims of Prison Rape Rally for Legislation. - HIV health promotion in prisons (UK: PDF Download) - HIV Education Strategies within Correctional Services: The South Australian Experience (PDF Download) - Safe sex play staged in jail (Bangkok) - Michigan HIV News: Incarcerated populations. - Contamination par le VHB en prison. - Le VIH en prison.

Sex, Sexual Violence and Coercion in Men's Prisons (South Africa: Paper presented at the 2001 "AIDS in Context" International Conference. "Members occupy a position either in the hierarchy of the Private-Line or the Blood-Line. The specified role of the Blood Line members is to commit violence, and to protect the camp and their 'wives' while the Private Line positions are distinctly feminised. This is especially the case for those situated at the lower rungs of the private line hierarchy. Members in these positions are known as 'wyfies' and must provide sex and domestic services to the fighters... The little available information on how the career path of a new recruit in the 28s is established, in particular, the gendered and sexual role of 'wyfie', suggests that physical attributes and age play a role. A young man with feminine qualities will likely be regarded as a potential 'wyfie'." 

Jail and HIV Risk: (Women) "What makes a person likely to acquire HIV? Serving time in prison is one risk factor among many. The Bureau of Justice reported in 2003 that the rate of confirmed AIDS cases was more than three times higher among the prison population than in the United States overall. But that’s not to say that prison time is the cause; it’s much more complicated than that..."

Prisoners & HIV/AIDS Resources. - Women With HIV in Prison: Resources. - HIV/AIDS Jails and Prisons Resources.


Small Cities & Rural Areas

Rural Center for AIDS/STD Prevention: A Joint Project of Indiana University & Purdue University. - HRSA Hosts Southeastern Conference on Rural HIV/AIDS - Rural HIV Best Practices Series Released. - Wyoming: AIDS Forum Focuses on Prevention in Rural Areas.  - Extra Burdens for Rural HIV/AIDS Patients. - Small Town, Big Misperceptions: "t's not like city folks don't poke their noses into each other's business. But the fear of being found out, where everyone knows who you are, and there's nowhere to hide, adds stress to the lives of rural people living secretly with HIV. Meanwhile, the need to hide adds a false sense of invulnerability to the rest of the local population, who don't realize that HIV exists in their community." - Versatility and HIV Vulnerability: Patterns of Insertive and Receptive Anal Sex in a National Sample of Older Australian Gay Men (2012):  Among men with multiple sexual partners, 20 % were highly versatile, that is, reported similar numbers of IAI and RAI partners. Having HIV (P = 0.003) and living in a rural area (P = 0.04) were significantly associated with being highly versatile. These data point to high rates of versatility among older Australian gay men, with implications for mathematical predictions of change in HIV epidemics and for the design of future HIV prevention strategies.

What are rural HIV prevention needs? - Lesbian and Bisexual Women in Small Cities—At Risk for HIV? - AIDS Lifeline at Risk; Funding Shift to Rural Areas Will Hurt New Jersey Agencies: "Changes Congress made in December to the Ryan White Care Act, the main source of federal HIV/AIDS funding, will cause Bergen and Passaic counties to lose some 41 percent of their funding, say local advocates. The cut, from $3.6 million to $2.1 million this year, will affect 20 local agencies that served 2,000 HIV/AIDS patients last year. Congress added five metropolitan areas to those receiving Ryan White funding. The intent was to shift more money to rural communities affected by HIV/AIDS. But more communities are drawing on the funds, which remained basically unchanged. - Increased Ryan White CARE Act Funding to Rural Areas Should Not Come at Expense of Urban Areas, Editorial Says.

Gay Men's HIV Prevention Strategy: Environmental Scan for Rural Southwestern Ontario Elgin-Huron-Lambton-Middlesex-Oxford-Perth (AIDS Committe of London, 2006: PDF Download): "Theoretically, this environmental scan intended to investigate the potential need to expand services to rural locations considering several local statistics: Gay men and MSM account for 69% of all HIV diagnoses in Ontario, 73% of diagnoses in London-Middlesex, and 92% in Oxford County (Remis et al, 2004). Ontario: 690 new MSM infections in 2003 (Remis et al, 2004). Estimated prevalence rate amongst MSM in southwestern Ontario is 13.4%, after Toronto (19%) and Ottawa (18%) (Remis et al, 2004). 2003: MSM account for 41% of all HIV diagnoses in southwestern Ontario (Remis et al, 2004). In addition to these statistics, results from the Ontario Men’s Survey of 2002 indicated that of the positive test samples, prevalence was 12.7% in Toronto, 7.7% in Southern Ontario, 4.9% in Ottawa and 3.7% in Northern Ontario (HIV/AIDS Epi Update, 2005). This project reviewed existing support, social groups or community services and programs that exist to serve MSM in the rural counties that surround London. Contact was made through public health nurses, county health services, community centres, public secondary schools, organizations, and counsellors. The research revealed there is an extremely limited amount of services offered to the MSM populations..." - Al McNutt: Fighting HIV/AIDS in small-town Canada: Truro man receives award for courageous AIDS and human rights efforts. - Rural Women and HIV/AIDS Information Exchange in Canada. - Rural Newfoundland no longer Canada’s “AIDS capital” (PDF Download).

Young Gay Men and HIV/AIDS: "For rural and isolated young gay men, getting information on safer sex is often their most pressing issue. Services are often severely lacking or non-existent in their communities. Where they exist, youth serving agencies, local lesbigay organizations and local AIDS Service Organizations (ASOs) can be good resources for this group. These services are often more effective when partnerships are developed in order to best assess and address the needs of lesbigay youth in their region. It is important for these agencies/organizations to reach out specifically to young gay men... For rural youth and youth in smaller communities it is important to recognize the fear of disclosure of one's sexuality. This information can make life in smaller communities difficult or impossible for some young gay men. Access to testing, counselling and AIDS education may involve such obstacles as (potentially costly) travel and unexplained absences from home." - Gay Men With AIDS in Rural America.

HIV/AIDS Among American Indians and Alaskan Natives - United States, 1981-1997: "Compared with all persons who have AIDS, a lower proportion of AI/ANs resided in metropolitan areas with populations greater than 1,000,000 (56% versus 77%, respectively), and a higher proportion resided in rural areas with populations less than 50,000 (19% versus 6%, respectively)... Editorial Note: The incidence of AIDS among AI/ANs increased through the early 1990s and leveled off during 1995-1996. Compared with all persons with AIDS in the United States, AIDS among AI/ANs was geographically clustered in selected areas in the West and in smaller cities and rural areas. - American Indians and Alaska Natives and HIV/AIDS in the United States: "Most Indian Health Service (IHS) providers live near tribal lands in rural areas; however, 62 percent of AI/ANs do not live in those areas. Frequent travel to visit family and friends and to participate in ceremonies and religious events can further complicate consistent adherence and access to health care." - Almost Half of Rural Indian Women Have Not Heard of HIV/AIDS, Report Says.

HIV/AIDS in the rural United States: epidemiology and health services delivery (1995). - HIV in predominantly rural areas of the United States (2005). - Factors predicting continued high-risk behavior among gay men in small cities: Psychological, behavioral, and demographic characteristics related to unsafe sex. - Risks for HIV Infection Among Persons Residing in Rural Areas and Small Cities - Selected Sites, Southern United States, 1995-1996.

Sex in silence: the national survey of young gay males (Australia). (Alternate Link)

Rural AIDS and HIV resources via the Rural Assistance Center. - Rural HIV/AIDS Information and Resources.


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Substance Use / Abuse

HIV/AIDS and drug use among adolescents. - Substance Abuse and HIV. - Women, HIV, and substance abuse. - Substance Abuse and HIV Risk Behaviors among Transgender Women in the San Francisco Bay Area. - What Are Substance Abusers' HIV Prevention Needs? - Drug Abuse in Gay Males. - CDC Report Highlights Link Between Drug Abuse and Spread of HIV. - Statistics for drug use by heterosexual and non-heterosexual adolescents. - Opinion: "Don't get me wrong; I have no problems with the clubs in Buffalo. I like to go out sometimes myself. The problems I have are all the people who go out there to just get drunk and do drugs. Too many times lately I've seen my gay friends drown their sorrows in a bottle of their favorite alcohol or just get drugged up to forget things." - A Dialogue with John Preston: "...alcoholism and drug abuse are clearly out of control problems in the gay community, No one gets a handle, comes close to, or wants to deal with them. Socially, the urban gay world continues to revolve around bars." - Drug Use & HIV Risk Among Gay Men in the Dance/Club Scene in Toronto: How Should AIDS Prevention Programmes Respond? - Up to 20 per cent of gay men have tried crystal meth (UK). - How much of a concern is methamphetamine use by London's gay men? - Rapid Review Response – Impact of Methamphetamine and Poppers on Sexual Risk Taking (2009).

The AIDS epidemic is soaring in the gay community, blamed this time on drug abuse. Crystal meth is behind the rise in HIV infection. - Drugs and Alcohol: Use or Chemical Dependence? - Party drug use. - Club Drugs. (Alternate Link)- Worrying About the Dark Side of 'Circuit Parties'. - Circuit party planners meet to discuss unsafe sex, drugs. - As New Years' weekend approarches...: "Gay City is concerned about how little information is available to gay and bisexual men on the risks associated with the combination of certain common club drugs. To respond to this problem, Gay City is launching a new media campaign to address the use of recreational drugs among Seattle's gay and bisexual men." - Gay City urges Gay and Bisexual men to party smart for New Year’s Eve: "'Obviously the most healthy choice is for people not to use party drugs,' said John Leonard, Gay City executive director. 'But for many in the Gay community, drug use is a big part of our culture.' - Why? "It was about 4:00am, January 1, 1990. I was reeking of alcohol..." - The Alcohol and Drug Wildcard: Substance Use and Psychiatric Problems in People with HIV.

CRISSY Campaign. Make Room for the New Girl in Town - CRISSY has Arrived! New STOP AIDS Project campaign talks about the relationship between sex, crystal meth (speed) and HIV (1997). - Who's that girl? Crissy is the new meth in your neighborhood (1997). - Making Everything Crystal Clear. - Tina Rules (1997): "Easy as it may be to say that crystal is a problem that belongs solely to the circuit crowd, it's actually far more insidious and is used by gays of all socio-economic levels." - From the LGBT Health Channel: Party Drug Use (2001). - crystalneon.org: "This website contains information for gay and bisexual men who use methamphetamine." - crystalneon.org's resources. - Is L.A.'s gay community suffering a crystal epidemic? It depends on who you ask (1999). - Crystal Meth and the Gay Community (2006). - The Gay Community's New Epidemic (2001): "the epidemic of drug use in the gay clubs. The use of the drugs is so tied to the place they are consumed that they have been nicknamed "club drugs." Among the favorites are crystal, GHB, ketamine and ecstasy." - Methamphetamine and HIV (2004).  - Unknown odds: Mixing party drugs & HIV cocktails (1999).

Life or Meth. - The AIDS epidemic is soaring in the gay community, blamed this time on drug abuse. Crystal meth is behind the rise in HIV infection. - Crystal Meth, HIV and the Gay Community (2004). - Crystal meth threat growing: Gays' use in N.E. fueling HIV fears (2005).  - Speed Nation: Methamphetamine, HIV and Hepatitis (2005). .- Crystal Meth and HIV/AIDS: The Perfect Storm? (2007) - Drugs and Alcohol: Use or Chemical Dependence? (1997) - Risky Business (2006). - Party drug use (2001). - Club Drugs (2004). (Alternate Link)- Worrying About the Dark Side of 'Circuit Parties'. - Circuit party planners meet to discuss unsafe sex, drugs (1997). - As New Years' weekend approarches... (1998): "Gay City is concerned about how little information is available to gay and bisexual men on the risks associated with the combination of certain common club drugs. To respond to this problem, Gay City is launching a new media campaign to address the use of recreational drugs among Seattle's gay and bisexual men." - Gay City urges Gay and Bisexual men to party smart for New Year’s Eve (2000): "'Obviously the most healthy choice is for people not to use party drugs,' said John Leonard, Gay City executive director. 'But for many in the Gay community, drug use is a big part of our culture.' - Why? "It was about 4:00am, January 1, 1990. I was reeking of alcohol..." - The Alcohol and Drug Wildcard: Substance Use and Psychiatric Problems in People with HIV (2000).

Suddenly, Everybody's Talking About Crystal and Sex: (Alternate Link) "I believe we gay men have always used drugs and alcohol as a coping mechanism to deal with the issues of gay oppression: we drink or take drugs because life is difficult, dating is dangerous, and relationships are frightening. And the drug that is most popular now, back from the 70s, is crystal, used among gay men as a sexual enhancement." - Crystal meth is an intensive stimulant with disinhibitory qualities: "Once very big amongst some of the US gay community but now spreading fast into mainstream culture, meth was originally used by bikers and truckers to stay awake on long journeys." - Crystal Meth & Sex: What's love got to do with it? - Fact Sheet: Crystal Meth and HIV. - Crystal Meth, HIV and the Gay Community.

Battling H.I.V. Where Sex Meets Crystal Meth. - Crystal Meth Use Fuels Rise in HIV Cases Among White MSM. - L.A. Gay & Lesbian Center Data Show MSM Five Times More Likely To Test HIV-Positive If They Used Crystal Meth. - HIV in Gay Men - The Role of Crystal Meth and ED Drugs. - Fighting crystal meth: Drug blamed for HIV rise in local gay men. - Crystal meth: what’s the real story?

Substance use and high risk sexual behaviors among rural gay men: "A total of 770, sexually active, gay/bisexual men were included in this analysis. 88% were white, 63% were 30 years-old or older. Among young gay men, 43% reported having sex with alcohol, 22% had sex with drugs, 34% used marijuana, 11% cocaine, and 5% amyl nitrate in the last three months. Among older gay men, 49% reported having sex with alcohol, 21% had sex with drugs, 29% used marijuana, 9% amyl nitrate, and 6% used intravenous drugs. Among young gay men, 56% reported inconsistent condom use during anal sex, 33% had anal sex with multiple partners, and 48% received semen in their mouth during oral sex in the last three months. Among older gay men, 50% reported inconsistent condom use during anal sex, 25% had anal sex with multiple partners, 45% received semen in their mouth during oral sex. Twenty-five percent of the younger gay men had never been tested for HIV antibody as compared to 16% of older gay men.

Use of crystal methamphetamine, Viagra, and sexual behavior (2010). Methamphetamine (meth) use has been shown in the literature to be associated with high-risk sexual behavior for both homosexual (MSM) and heterosexual samples for over a decade. The use of Viagra has also been shown to be associated with high-risk sexual behavior. The purpose of this review is to update the record on Viagra and on the combination of Viagra and meth use... The evidence is strong to support the relationship between Viagra use and HIV seroconversion now that more sophisticated analyses have been done. The meth-Viagra recreational drug combination is of very high risk. More research is needed to generate longitudinal and event-level data that are necessary to answer fine-grained questions about drug combinations and the relationship with sexual behavior.

Sexual marathons and methamphetamine use among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (2009, Full Text). A sexual marathon is defined as prolonged sexual activity over hours and even days. This exploratory study examined the phenomenon of sexual marathons in a sample of 341 HIV-positive methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Diego, CA. Eighty-four percent of the sample reported engaging in marathon sex while high on methamphetamine... Men who engaged in marathon sex used significantly more illicit drugs, were more likely to use sildenafil (Viagra) and amyl nitrates, and scored higher on a sexual compulsivity scale compared to men who did not engage in marathon sex.

Nice Boys and Needles: A Closet Within A Closet: Injection Drugs, HIV & Gays (2001): "To this day, none of Michael’s other friends or his male partner of 7 years know that he became HIV infected not through unprotected sex, but while sharing syringes. “Nick” is still protecting his lost friend through concealing their identities in this story.As a former injection drug user and HIV prevention worker, he knows the importance of guarding secrets... A “nice boy” persona, narrowly defined images of those most at risk for HIV, profound losses from the AIDS epidemic, and, to a certain extent, prejudice toward and within the gay community all contribute to a “closet within a closet” when in comes to needle use among same-sex loving persons... Gay men who inject are 20 times as likely to acquire HIV then their non-gay counterparts and three times as likely to acquire HIV as gay men who do not inject... 'And, in this instance, why is it that even those members of the gay, white community feel compelled to keep secrets?'"

The Context of HIV Risk Among Drug Users and Their Sexual Partners (NIDA Research Monograph, Number 143). - Building culturally sensitive substance use prevention and treatment programs for transgendered populations. - $16 Million in Substance Abuse  Treatment Funds Available to Treat Minority Communities Affected by HIV/AIDS.

Pride Institute (gay, lesbian, mental health, alcoholism, drug addiction, AIDS, HIV, chemical dependency, treatment centers, counseling, gay). - HIV/AIDS and Substance Abuse: Making Connections with Cross-Training (PDF Download).

HIV and Drug/Alcohol Use: Resources. - Reports & Studies: Substance Abuse and HIV. - ADAI Bibliographies on Substance Abuse. - Substance Use & HIV: Resources For Specific Communities. - SubstanceUse and HIV: Specific Drugs.


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Child Sexual abuse

Survivors Of Childhood Sexual Abuse More Likely To Engage In Risky Behaviors. - Childhood Sexual Abuse Predicts Female HIV. - Domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in HIV-infected women and women at risk for HIV. - Sexual Abuse Linked To HIV Risk. - Vancouver's Vanguard Study of Young Gay and Bisexual Males: "A growing body of literature suggests that past sexual abuse may contribute to increased vulnerability to HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Common long-term sequellae of sexual abuse are depression, sexual compulsivity, substance abuse and prostitution. All of these factors can be directly or indirectly linked to the risk of HIV transmission, and were supported by the results of our sub-analysis." - Men and Sexual Trauma. (Alternate Link)

HIV infection and risk behaviours among young gay and bisexual men in Vancouver. - Childhood Sexual Abuse Among Homosexual Men: prevalence and association with unsafe sex (abstract). - Sexual Abuse of Children: Intersection With the HIV Epidemic. - HIV and Sexual Assault. - Men, Too, Can Be Victims. - Homophobia in Childhood Predicts Childhood Sexual Abuse among Latino Gay Men (PDF Download) (Abstract). - How does childhood sexual abuse affect HIV prevention?

Childhood Sexual Abuse and Risk Behaviors Among Men at High Risk for HIV Infection: American Journal of Public Health, 2002, 92(2): 214-219 (Full Text). - UC San Francisco Study: Gay/Bisexual Men Who Were Sexually Abused as Children More Likely to Engage in Unsafe Sex. - Sexual child abuse and homosexual men. (Alternate Link)

Childhood Trauma and HIV: Women at Risk. - Childhood Sexual Abuse as an HIV Risk Factor in Women.

Sexual Abuse & HIV/AIDS Resources. - Sexual Violence & HIV: Related Resources.

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Barebacking & Public Sex

Blind Spots: A review of the literature on men who make social and sexual encounters in public sex environments and their HIV-related risks. - Cottaging and Cruising in Barnet, Brent and Harrow: Final Project Report. - Gay men and unsafe sex. - Bareback Sex & HIV:  A Young Man's Choice. - Augmentation de pratiques sexuelles à risque et recrudescence de gonococcie rectale. - Inconsistent condom use by UK's gay men, with many putting themselves or others at risk of HIV: "Approximately 50% of sexually active gay men in the United Kingdom had unprotected anal sex in the last year, according to the results of the 2005 Gay Men’s Sex Survey, Consuming Passions, which has been published by Sigma Research. The survey also revealed that over 40% of gay men in the UK are unaware of their own HIV status and most sexual encounters occur between men who have not disclosed their HIV infection status." - What’s Up With Barebacking? Docs ask if ‘Use a condom’ is old hat for new generation.

National Sex Panic Summit, November, 1997,  San Diego. - The Emerging Sex Panic Targeting Gay Men by Eric Rofes.Response to "Sex Panic" by Gabriel Rotello, author of the book Sexual Ecology. - Book Review by Chandler Burr.  - Related article.  - (Book Review Excerpts) - A summary of the "Sex Panic" debate: Queer theorists and gay journalists wrestle over the politics of sex.Subculture as killer: review of Michelangelo Signorile's book.  - Life outside: the Signorile report on gay men: sex drugs, muscles, and the passage of life. - Growing Sexual Divide in Gay Community N/A.

SexPanic! - is a pro-queer, pro-feminist, antiracist direct action group. Our multi-issue agenda aims to defend public sexual culture and safer sex in New York City from police crackdowns, public stigma and morality crusades. Eric Rofe's 1998 Keynote Address: Building a Movement for Sexual Freedom During a Moment of Sex Panic. - The Barebone Truth about Bareback Sex N/A. (Alternate Link). - Articles Listing Related to the Barebacking Issue. - Lets Talk About Sex Without Condoms. - Sex Sex Sex Sex Summit 1998: Two Writers Tell What Mainstream Gay Organizations Ignore. - The State of Gay Sex: 1998: Tired of risks and warnings, S.F. men  having sex their way.

Barebacking: - Protease Dis-Inhibitors? The Gay Bareback Phenomenon. (Alternate Link) - Bareback Sex: Implications for the Future of HIV Prevention. - Bareback. La fin du safer Sex? - Barebacking. - A 1999 report on barebacking.- Barebacking is a cherished act: A younger generation takes a new approach to HIV & AIDS. - Searching for a rubber: Some bathhouses are ignoring safer sex. - Risky business: Barebacking celebrates unprotected sex and raises difficult issues about AIDS prevention. - Barebacking and the New AIDS Hysteria. (Alternate Link)

Barebacking: - Why do men bareback? Barebacking and Transgressive Sex.- Why Do Men Bareback? No Easy Answers. - HIV negative men play Russian roulette with HIV positive men as a new trend in thrill seeking in North American gay communities.- Barebacking Roulette: Gay boys just wanna have fun, and say they know the risks. But are they really ready to pay the ultimate price? - Barebacking: Stop The Madness. It's Not Chic, It's Not Rebellious: It's Suicide. - Barebacking: A Sex Panic! Comedy.  - Barebacking: A Different View. - Safer Barebacking Considerations by Michael Scarce. - "Safer Barebacking" is in the grassroots, take-charge-of-your-own-life tradition pioneered by Michael Callen.

POZ Magazine Cover Stories: A Ride on the Wild Side: An HIV negative prevention activist goes through the latex looking glass to discover who's doing it raw, and why, - They Shoot Bare Backers, Don't They? Responses: What's Wrong With This Picture? - Russian Roulette. - From Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care: Editorial: The "anarchy" of bareback sex. - Managing unprotected anal intercourse (PDF Download).

The Studies Reporting Increasing Unsafe Sex: - CDC Study (1999). - Related News Story - Unsafe Gay Sex More Common. - The Bottom Line: CDC report on risky sex.... - ACT UP 1998 Golden Gate Survey (with references to data from "SIDS Project Survey): Published in April 16, 1998 edition of San Francisco's Bar Area Reporter. - HIV infection rate in San Francisco triples in two years. - S.F. HIV Rate Surges: Alarming incidence of new infections raises fears of scourge to come. - Study: 14% of MSM Intentionally Have Unprotected Anal Sex

"Bug Chasers": Russian Roulette (CBC, Disclosure: Related Resources). - 'Bug Chasers': The Men Who Secretly Long To Be HIV+. - Magazine's HIV claim rekindles “gay plague” row. - Bug Chasers. - 'Bug chaser' AIDS story disputed - The Washington Times. - The Michael W. Connett Living Trust: Related Articles. - HIV 'bug chasers': Fantasy or fact?

Controversial Film on Deliberate HIV Sero-Conversion: One of Only Eleven Documentaries Accepted to Prestigious Berlin Film Festival; 'The Gift' Explores Subculture of Gay Men Seeking HIV Infection. (FilmDescription/Review) - Spreading HIV/AIDS As A Gift.. - Deliberate HIV Infecting? - Bareback 'outings' spark debate over well-known secret. - Du Relapse ou barebacking : une autre guerre ... - About Barebacking: Slogans are not enough: "The following is a frank, explicit discussion of unprotected anal sex, or bareback sex.". - The Seminal Truth?

HIV: A Gift Not Worth Giving: "Although Otani has only been asked three times to be a gift giver online, his positive status profile on gay.com has filled his inbox with strange requests to send his semen in containers or used condoms from other gay.com members... "This is something that's underground. You wouldn't be able to find one person who is an actual gift giver or bug chaser willing to admit that they do these things, especially the ones who intentionally infect their partners without telling them about their positive status," says Harb. He explains that gift givers are usually angry about contracting the virus from another sexual partner, and that bug chasers are even more complex, and possibly dealing with the social pressure of being gay."

Do some gay men want to contract HIV? Researchers grapple with bug chasing: "He said a gay young man today has a 50 per cent chance of being HIV positive by the time he reaches his late 40s. "If there are people who are so impacted psychologically, emotionally by the existence of HIV in their communities that they feel they would be better off to become (infected) and just have it done with, then that's a significant issue that needs to be addressed." Michael Graydon, a researcher at Carleton University in Ottawa, studied the bug chasers and gift givers via online newsgroups for his master's thesis which he presented to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta in 2004. "Sometimes it was described as the gift of death," Graydon said in a recent interview. "Other times, it was described as the gift of the positive brotherhood." He said one gay man told him he wanted to contract the virus sooner rather than later so "he could feel more like a gay man, which to me, kind of summed up everything. "These are guys that are the products of a virulently homophobic culture, who've been viciously stigmatized because of HIV for 25 years. They believe being gay means death. Being gay means getting AIDS. Being gay means dying early. This is what's supposed to happen."

Intentional unprotected anal intercourse among sex who have sex with men: barebacking - from behavior to identity. - Intentional unsafe sex (barebacking) among HIV-positive gay men who seek sexual partners on the internet. - Barebacking, the Internet, and Harm Reduction: An Intercept Survey with Gay and Bisexual Men in Los Angeles and New York City. - Bug chasing and gift giving: the potential for HIV transmission among barebackers on the internet. - Barebacking websites: electronic environments for reducing or inducing HIV risk. - Condomless sex: gay men, barebacking, and harm reduction.

Resources: - Article List. - Bareback Resource Links.

 
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Continuing HIV Epidemic / AIDS related Drugs / Vaccine

The continuing HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men. "A probability sample of MSM was obtained in 1997 (n = 2881; 18 years and older) from New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and San Francisco, and HIV status was determined through self-report and biological measures... HIV prevalence was 17% (95%  confidence interval = 15%, 19%) overall, with extremely high levels in African Americans (29%), MSM who used injection drugs (40%), "ultraheavy" noninjection drug users (32%), and less educated men (< high school, 37%)." - A Call for Change: Rethinking HIV Prevention Education Approaches in Toronto's Gay Community (1994). - Negotiating 'Open Space': The importance of cultural context in HIV/AIDS communication models (Word 97 Download N/A) (Abstract). - HIV men 'having unsafe gay sex: More than one in three gay men with HIV have unprotected sex, a survey says... "The rate of HIV infection was highest in Brighton, at almost 14%, and lowest in Manchester, at 8.6%. Across the entire sample, one in three men who was HIV positive did not know they had the infection - a figure which tallies with previous research."

HIV rates skyrocketing among men who have sex with men: Studies have found that infection rates are growing among men who have sex with men in Africa, Asia and Latin America, and less than 5 percent of those men have access to HIV-related health care, according to a statistics released by the American Foundation for AIDS Research, or amfAR. - Emerging and Re-Emerging HIV Epidemics among Gay and non-Gay Identified MSM: PowerPoint Presentation Downloads Available.

The Second Wave Will Drown Us [American Journal of Public Health, 93(6): 872-881, June 2003 - PubMed Reference. Full Text]: "Two years ago, in these pages, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) forecast a resurgent HIV epidemic among US men who have sex with men (MSM)... Earlier this year, the CDC announced that its forecast already had come true: new HIV diagnosis increased by 14% among US MSM between 1999 and 2001..." (p. 872) "Despite such warning from the CDC and the Institute of Medicine, prevention efforts fall prey to political opportunism, misplaced moralism, stigmatization, and homophobia... Most schools continue to refrain from even the meekest adaptation to gay adolescents' needs for safety and mutual affiliation, much less and authentic respect that might nourish self-respect..." (p. 878). - When plagues don't end [American Journal of Public Health, 93(6): 861-2, June 2003 - PubMed Reference. Full Text]. - HIV returns [American Journal of Public Health, 93(6): 860, June 2003 - PubMed Reference. Full Text]. - Increasing proportions of Australian gay and homosexually active men engage in unprotected anal intercourse with regular and with casual partners [AIDS Care, 14(3): 335-41, June 2002 - PubMed Reference]. - HIV infections soar among gays. - The VOICES/VOCES success story: effective strategies for training, technical assistance and community-based organization implementation.

Reconceptualising behaviour change in the HIV/AIDS context (PDF Download, Download Page): "In this chapter the authors look closely and critically at the concept of ‘behaviour change’, a concept which has been much used in programmes designed to reduce HIV transmission. It is argued that approaches to behaviour change are for the most part based on cognitive models of action and it is suggested that this is a problematic foundation for developing programmes of behaviour change, and particularly HIV/AIDS intervention programmes. Models of behaviour change often do not address the contingencies which bring intentions to fruition."

Does HIV prevention work? - Does HIV prevention work? - Are Condoms Enough? - Can HIV Prevention Make a Difference for Men Who Have Sex With Men? Have we made any progress in the gay community?- Calculating risks: ACT has a wad of money to promote safe sex; where should it start? - Counselling men who have sex with men. - UW panel speaks out loud about sex ed. - Les homosexuels et le sida. Sociologie d'une épidémie. - Prise de risques et évolution des comportements dans la population homosexuelle. - La gestion des risques chez les couples homosexuels. - Séropositivité et sexualité entre hommes.

Surveys reveal more unsafe sex. Good news about anti-AIDS drugs sends many younger gay and bisexual men back to old practices. GayNet News Service. - Nine Years and Counting: Will We Have an HIV Vaccine by 2007? - Dying For A Vaccine. (Alternate Link) - HIV Vaccine. - AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition. - AIDS vaccine predicted 'in 10 years' - October 7, 2001. - Les essais vaccinaux en France.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Risk Behavior Among Gay Men in Small Cities: Findings of a 16-City National Sample. - HIV/STD Prevention and Young Men Who Have Sex with Men. - Gay Men and HIV Disease (PDF Download).

Morning After HIV: Experts Worry It Will Erase Preventive Gains. - Morning-After AIDS Treatment. - New, experimental 'morning-after' HIV treatment. -  How to lose the fight against AIDS among gay men: Declare victory and leave the field. - You've tested positive. Now what? Health / Get information & support fast, without overloading yourself.

Is the era of "safer sex" ending in San Francisco... and nationwide? - Rise in gay men having unprotected sex: Australian survey. - Call for national health strategy to curb rise in sex infections [in Australia]. - Safe-sex fatigue worries Aids lobby (New Zealand). - Men in relationships with men [NZ Study] (PDF Download) - Campaign targets 'Aids fatigue' (New Zealand). - Unsafe sex reported on the rise among gays. - Sex and Sensibility: Why are some guys losing the  latex? by Eddie James. - HIV Transmission Up in Germany: "Many developed nations are reporting stepped-up HIV transmission. Health officials have blamed safe-sex fatigue and deliberate "barebacking" among gay men for some of the increase."

Study Urges Safe Sex to Prevent Epidemic in Gay Community. - PWAs often keep HIV status secret N/A: "Forty percent of HIV-positive individuals who are sexually active do not disclose their serostatus to all of their sexual partners, according to a report in the February 9th issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine." - Lovers often don't disclose HIV status. - Should I tell people I’m HIV positive? a guide to help you think about why, how and when to let people know you are living with HIV. - Sexual Ethics: Disclosure of HIV-Positive Status to Partners (Archives of Internal Medicine, 158: 253-257, 1998): "Study patients were black (46%), Latino (23%), white (27%), and the majority were men (69%). Regarding risk of transmission, 41% were injection drug users, 20% were homosexual or bisexual men, and 39% were heterosexually infected. Sixty percent had disclosed their HIV status to all sexual partners. Of the 40% who had not disclosed, half had not disclosed to their one and only partner."

Compelling HIV prevention study by SFAF sheds new light on sexual risk-taking among gay and bisexual men. - HIV Study Sheds New Light On Sexual Risk-Taking Among Gay Men. - Safe sex: Why isn't the message getting through? - Safe sex message targets rise in HIV. - AIDS still mainly strikes men; 'safe-sex fatigue' a problem. - A discussion of safer sex fatigue (PDF Download) - Health experts win grant to boost safe sex. - Safe Sex Sucks. (Alternate Link).

HIV Prevention Resources.


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Drug Resistant HIV

Transmission of Drug Resistant HIV: Researchers at the University of California have published the first evidence of the transmission of multi-drug resistant virus from an HIV-positive person to a person previously uninfected (1998). - JAMA (1998): Drug-Resistant HIV-1: The Virus Strikes Back.  - Drug-Resistant HIV More Common: "The study, conducted by Daniel Boden, MD, and colleagues at the Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center in New York and published in the September 22/29, 1999 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), looked at 80 men newly infected with HIV. The researchers found that 13 men (about 16%) had HIV strains that were resistant to at least one of the antiretroviral drugs commonly used as part of combination treatment regimens." - Drug-Resistant HIV Strain on the Rise: "Two recent medical studies indicate that between 4 and 5 percent of newly diagnosed patients with HIV are infected with highly drug-resistant strains of the virus believed to cause AIDS." - Recent Transmission of HIV Drug Resistance Increases in 8 Cities in the US and Canada. Significant increases occurred in San Francisco and New York City; NYC also had two persons who became infected with "multi-drug resistant" HIV. - Primary HIV Anti-retroviral Drug Resistance in Canada. - How does HIV become resistant to drugs?

Drug Resistant HIV: - Study Finds Drug-Resistant HIV in Half of Infected Patients (2001) (Alternate Link) - Related paper (2001), PDF Download: Predicting the unpredictable: Transmission of drug-resistant HIV. - High prevalence of drug-resistant HIV identified in US: "Nearly 80% of HIV-infected adults in the US harbor a viral strain that is resistant to one or more antiretroviral agents, according to study findings..." - UC researchers study drug-resistant HIV N/A (2002): "[Our research] shows that the  [Human Immunodeficiency Virus] is really able to mutate dramatically" ..."The virus can completely change its form to avoid the effects of these drugs, particularly protease inhibitors," Craik said. He added these results are "quite disturbing." - Researchers Predict Future of Drug-Resistant HIV Epidemic: (Alternate Link) "The number of drug-resistant HIV cases has already reached epidemic proportions in San Francisco, but transmission of drug-resistant strains is not to blame, reports a new UCLA/UCSF study in the September issue of Nature Medicine." - Drug-resistant HIV increasing in UK (2001): "The risk of being infected with drug-resistant virus increased over time and the estimated prevalence of transmitted drug-resistance in people infected with HIV in 2000 was 27 per cent." (Full text of paper at bmj.com) - Emergence de variants du VIH-1 résistant aux anticorps neutralisants. - Résistance primaire aux antirétroviraux. - Resistances aux antirétroviraux : Les méthodes virologiques d'analyse de la sensibilité des souches virales. - Résistance primaire aux antirétroviraux contre le VIH au Canada

Multi-drug-resistant HIV strain raises alarm: "A highly resistant strain of HIV linked to rapid progression to AIDS has been identified in New York City, US, but AIDS experts have cautioned that it may just be an isolated case and not the harbinger of a "superstrain" outbreak..." - Drug-Resistant HIV Can Be Transmitted From Mother To Child, Study Says. - As Drug-Resistant HIV Spreads, Its Implications Are Still a Mystery: It's far from clear how much alarm is warranted for the HIV "superbug." - Research leads to first treatment for drug-resistant HIV: "There are many treatments for AIDS on the market, but none are able to combat drug resistance...". - Drug-resistant HIV battled in a new way. - Significant fall in transmitted drug-resistant HIV in UK; may be due to better treatment. - One in 10 Infected with Drug-Resistant HIV: "New surveillance data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest that approximately one in 10 individuals diagnosed with HIV in recent years was infected with HIV strains resistant to at least one available antiretroviral.  The report, presented today at the 14th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, mirrors other recent drug-resistant HIV transmission studies." 

Multidrug-Resistant HIV Transmission Resources.


HIV Situation Worldwide

Beyrer C, Wirtz Al, Walker D, Johns B, Sifakis F, Baral SD (2011). The Global HIV Epidemics among Men Who Have Sex with Men. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank. PDF Download. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are currently at marked risk for HIV infection in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Estimates of HIV prevalence rates have been consistently higher among MSM than for the general population of reproductive-age men virtually wherever MSM have been well studied. Although scarce, HIV incidence data support findings of high acquisition and transmission risksamong MSM in multiple contexts, cultural settings, and economic levels.... - China to tackle HIV incidence amongst MSM (2009). - The MSM Epidemic: 2011. What prevention? (2011, Africa & Worldwide).

amFAR AIDS Research Issue Brief (2010). MSM and the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Assessing PEPFAR and Looking Forward. PDF Download. In spite of these unparalleled resource commitments and the substantial progress that has been made in low- and middleincome countries, HIV/AIDS-related services remain out of reach for the vast majority of men who have sex with men (MSM). In almost all regions, MSM have significantly higher rates of HIV infection than the general adult population - in low- and middle-income countries they are 19 times more likely to be infected with HIV. Yet only one in 10 MSM worldwide has access to lifesaving HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment services. Stigma and discrimination have fueled the neglect of MSM and other vulnerable populations, including injection drug users (IDUs), sex workers, and transgender individuals. The inclination of governments and donor agencies to favor general population strategies over targeted interventions - even when the epidemic is concentrated within vulnerable groups - has exacerbated the severity of the epidemic among MSM. A global wave of homophobic rhetoric and violence is further undermining efforts to combat high rates of HIV/AIDS among MSM. Many countries criminalize and persecute men who are perceived to be homosexual, making it dangerous for them to access healthcare and HIV services. A recent report by the United Nations Development Programme revealed that more than 90% of MSM in the Asia-Pacific region do not have access to HIV prevention and care because of discriminatory laws. Even in settings where same-sex sexual behavior is not prohibited by law, MSM are still subject to harassment and violence.

Koerner J, Ichikawa s (2011). The Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS and Gay Men's Community-Based Responses in Japan. Intersections, 26. Full Text. Japan is considered to be a country of low HIV prevalence with 11,573 HIV and 5,330 AIDS reports, as well 1,439 separate HIV/AIDS reports through infected blood products, at the end of 2009. However, since 1996, Japan is experiencing steadily increasing HIV infections particularly among men who have sex with men (MSM) with surveillance data indicating that 68 per cent of newly reported HIV cases in 2009 were acquired through male to male sexual transmission. This paper aims to summarise the epidemiological situation in relation to HIV among MSM, describe community-based responses, and identity future challenges to scaled-up prevention responses among MSM in Japan.

HIV epidemics emerging in Middle East, North Africa: In one setting in Pakistan, HIV rates reached up to 28 percent, new study finds (2011): Epidemics of HIV are emerging among gay and bisexual men in the Middle East and North Africa and high levels of risky sexual behavior threaten to spread the AIDS virus further in the region, researchers said Tuesday. In the first study of its kind in a region where homosexuality and bisexuality are taboo, researchers from Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar found evidence for concentrated HIV epidemics -- where infection rates are above 5 percent in a certain population group -- in several countries such as Egypt, Sudan, Pakistan and Tunisia. - Better HIV/AIDS Programs for MSM Could Significantly Slow Global Epidemic (2011): On the eve of a UN summit to renew global efforts to reverse the HIV/AIDS pandemic, 30 years after the first discovery of the HIV virus, a new World Bank study with UNDP and JHU urges governments and their development donors to provide better HIV prevention, care, and treatment services for men who have sex with men (MSM) as an essential step toward reversing the global epidemic. More than 25 million people have died of HIV/AIDS since the virus was first clinically identified in 1981. Written in close partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the new study - Global HIV Epidemics Among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM): Epidemiology, Prevention, Access to Care and Human Rights - provides the first comprehensive economic analysis of evidence that MSM are at significantly higher risk for HIV infection than other groups in many low- and middle-income countries, where fewer than 1 in 10 MSM worldwide have access to even basic HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment services. Research among MSM has been limited by social discrimination and the criminalization of their behavior, along with limited funding for HIV/AIDS programs that help MSM. The study suggests that these social factors make MSM vulnerable to HIV infection as well as limiting their access to HIV/AIDS treatment and care. “We see that in many developing countries, the HIV/AIDS epidemic today looks like the early years of the epidemic in the West in the 1980s, when ignorance and stigma were rampant,” said David Wilson, Global HIV/AIDS Director at the World Bank. “This study provides the best evidence yet that failure to address MSM will continue to thwart efforts to reverse the global HIV/AIDS epidemic.”

The UN International Declaration on HIV's "Opt-Out" Clause for MSM (2011): Prior to the 8-10 June 2011 High-Level Meeting on AIDS at the United Nations in New York, The World Bank issued a press release, "Better HIV/AIDS Programs for Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) Could Significantly Slow Global Epidemic." The tepid paragraph on MSM in the International Declaration on HIV approved at the UN General Assembly today provides an "opt-out" clause for "specific populations." At the heart of this policy failure is a coalition of religious ideologues...  The Rev. Canon Albert Ogle attended the 2011 High Level Meeting on AIDS at the UN and wrote an important perspective in the San Diego Gay and Lesbian News about the growing influence of religious fundamentalism at the UN that resulted in this policy failure. Impact on global HIV strategies and services by an unholy Trinity: This week at the United Nations, coalition blocks of African and Arab countries will defend their collective decisions that these “criminal” populations should not be listed for services or funding in the next wave of global AIDS funding. In the proposed International Declaration on HIV that is being negotiated at the UN this week, over 400 civil society partners have fought for inclusion of naming LGBT people, men who have sex with men (MSM), IV drug users and sex workers...

Three Year Strategic Work Plan: 2009-2011: Epidemiological data released in recent years clearly demonstrates that rapidly escalating HIV epidemics among men who have sex with men (MSM) are now underway in most major cities in the global south, while infection rates remain unacceptably high or steadily increasing in the global north. Yet, MSM issues remain underrepresented in public health policy discussions about HIV/AIDS globally. This is disconcerting given that MSM are 19 times more likely to be infected with HIV than the general population in low- and middle-income countries. Even when epidemiologic and behavioural research indisputably supports prioritising MSM, there is often a shameful neglect of MSM needs in discussions about resources, programmes, and policy that is expressed through silence, denial, or explicit exclusion. Inadequate representation of gay men and other MSM in planning processes at all levels fuels the widening disparity in resources devoted to programmes and services. Less than one in twenty MSM has access to the prevention, care, and treatment services they need worldwide. Exacerbating an already dire situation are wide-spread human rights abuses and discrimination faced by MSM globally. Given the high concentration of HIV infections reported among MSM, expanding access to effective MSM-sensitive HIV prevention, care, and treatment programmes must be a high priority in the global response to HIV/AIDS. This priority was articulatedand reiterated by key global HIV leaders at the 2008 International AIDS Conference (IAC) in Mexico City and again at the 2008 International Conference on AIDS and STIs in Africa (ICASA) in Dakar, Senegal.

van Griensven F, de Lind van Wijngaarden JW (2010). A review of the epidemiology of HIV infection and prevention responses among MSM in Asia. AIDS, 24 Suppl 3:S30-40. PDF Download. Abstract. Data show that HIV infection is now widespread among MSM throughout Asia. With the exception of the Philippines and Timor Leste, all countries for which information is available show epidemics of HIV infection among MSM, particularly in urban areas. Double-digit HIV prevalence among MSM is found in cities in China, Taiwan, India, Myanmar and Thailand. Incidence data, although scarce, confirm the ongoing transmission of HIV among MSM. Reports of new HIV diagnoses in MSM have been increasing in recent years, particularly in the developed economies of East Asia. HIV prevention responses have started in most Asian countries, but while the exact coverage and investment of such responses remain unclear, coverage seems to be far from the 60-80% level needed to have an effect on the HIV epidemic. Both Government and donor investment in prevention programs for MSM remain inadequate, especially when compared with the contribution of male-to-male transmission to the overall burden of the HIV epidemic. Enlarged HIV prevention coverage and increased financial investment are necessary to reduce the spread of HIV infection among MSM in Asia.

Closeted Calamity: The Hidden HIV Epidemic of Men Who Have Sex with Men (2010): The HIV pandemic has historically been thought of as either concentrated in specific populations—such as gay men, injection drug–users, sex workers—or generalized across the entire population in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. But as more and better epidemiological data has become available, the evidence is clear: men who have sex with men (MSM), regardless of whether or not they identify as gay, also are at the core of those generalized epidemics. - Une épidémie explosive chez les gays (2010, Translation): À Mexico, les activistes et les experts avaient révélé une épidémie négligée, celle qui touche les homosexuels dans les pays du Sud. Two years later, the situation is still volatile. Deux ans plus tard, la situation est toujours aussi explosive. But unfortunately, it is regrettable that only 2% of papers from the conference of Vienna should be devoted to the epidemic among gay men. Mais malheureusement, on peut regretter que seulement 2% des communications de la conférence de Vienne soient consacrées à l'épidémie chez les homos.

MSM in the Global AIDS Epidemic (2011): Gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionately heavy burden of the HIV pandemic. In low- and middle-income countries, MSM are 19 times more likely to be infected with HIV than the general population. Despite elevated HIV prevalence rates and heightened vulnerability to factors that drive HIV transmission, MSM have been under-recognized, under-studied, under-funded, and under-served historically in the global response to HIV & AIDS. The Global HIV Prevention Working Group estimates that HIV prevention services reach only 9% of MSM worldwide...

The global epidemic of HIV infection among men who have sex with men (2009, PDF Download. PubMed Abstract): Recent findings: In the Western world, the increase in notifications of new HIV infections among MSM is continuing. Steep increases in reports of new HIV diagnoses among MSM were also seen in the developed economies of East Asia. In the developing world, epidemiologic studies have now established the presence of MSM populations in Africa, China and Russia and a high HIV prevalence among them. High and increasing HIV prevalence was also reported from South and Southeast Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Summary: HIV continues to spread among MSM on a global level. Current prevention efforts have been unable to contain or reduce HIV transmission in this population. Additional behavioral and biomedical interventions are urgently needed...

Johnson CA (2007). Off The Map: How HIV/AIDS Programming is Failing Same-Sex People in Africa. New York, New York: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC). PDF Download. Executive Summary. Across Africa, for too many aching years, there has been an immense silence about African men and women who yearn for, desire, love and embrace same-sex partners. The silence denied truth, for throughout history same-sex practice has been as prevalent here as anywhere else in the world. The silence wrought injustice, for it was born from repression and fear, and from disrespect for the humanity of those who yearned, desired, loved and embraced. Worst, the silence has exacted a terrible toll in lives. As our continent has faced a deathly epidemic of sex-borne disease, the silence has cost lives, for the muteness about same-sex practice has extended, devastatingly, to a muteness about prevention, care and treatment...

Binswanger, Hans (2005). Combating the epidemics of Violence and AIDS among men having sex with men in the developing World. PDF Download. In OECD countries and in Latin America, the HIV/AIDS epidemic among men having sex with men (MSM) has been recognized as the most important, or one of the most important compartments of the AIDS epidemic. In low income countries it is generally assumed that anal sex in general, and sex between men in particular is infrequent, and is at best a minor contributor to the epidemic. In many low income countries, sexual relationships among members of the same sex are still illegal and/or assumed to be an import from the high income countries. Therefore violence against sexual minorities, including by the forces of law and order, take place in an environment of impunity and usually remain unreported. A significant body of research has started to undermine these assumptions and document the twin epidemics of violence and AIDS among men having sex with men (MSM) in low income countries...

A Summary of the HIV-AIDS situation worldwide: The companion Web site to "Surviving AIDS," originally broadcast on NOVA on February 2, 1999. - White Spot; How gay men's activism gets written out of AIDS prevention by Peter Scott. - Ignoring the real threat: "AIDS groups depend on governments & big drug companies... Most observers agree that AIDS activism is now at a low ebb, even as the virus spreads ever more widely into vulnerable communities and the limitations of current drug treatments are becoming obvious." - Youth and HIV/AIDS: Can We Avoid Catastrophe? - Phil Johnson Attacks "All Are At Risk" - Adolescent Sexuality, Gender and the HIV Epidemic. - The tip of the icerberg: the global impact of HIV/AIDS on youth (PDF Download). - Enjeux de la prévention chez les homosexuels et bisexuels masculins au Sud et au Nord. - Homosexuels et VIH: Sur la voie de la "santé sexuelle"? - Mouvements homosexuels et lutte contre le sida. The Origin of AIDS & HIV, and the First Cases of AIDS. - The Invisible Men: Gay Men and Other MSM in the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic: 2008 Conference, Mexico City (PDF). - Asian gay men’s sex survey reports high levels of sex without condoms (2010).

Evolutions récentes de la sexualité des gays en France : apports et limites d'une enquête. - Les principaux résultats de l'enquête. - Des homosexuels réagissent aux résultats de l'"Enquête presse gay" - Réflexions d'un adepte des relations non protégées. - Questions sur la prévention du sida chez les homosexuels. - Usage de drogue, sida et exclusion sociale en France. - Evaluation de la politique de lutte contre le sida en Suisse. - Classes défavorisées, migrants et minorités ethniques : Un bilan plutôt décevant. - Stigmatisation et discrimination des personnes atteintes: pour des recherches qualitatives sur les phénomènes d’exclusion. - L'influence des caractéristiques des réseaux sociaux sur la dynamique de la transmission du VIH. - Nouvelles thérapies et comportements préventifs des homosexuels masculins. - A propos des lieux de rencontre homosexuels. - Comment étudier les sexualités masculines?

HIV risk behaviour among gay and bisexual men in Budapest, Hungary: "This study surveyed 469 MSM recruited in Budapest gay community venues in June 2001. Half the men (50%) engaged in unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in the past 3 months. Of these, 40% of men's insertive and 50% of their receptive acts were unprotected, and 25% had multiple AI partners in the past 3 months. 17% of MSM exchanged sex for money, 26% had female partners in the past year..." - Men having sex with men and HIV/AIDS prevention in Switzerland: 1987-2000.

HIV risk behavior among male sex workers in Budapest, Hungary (XIV International AIDS Conference, 2002): "A total of 469 men who have sex with men surveyed in Budapest gay community venues in 2001... We analyzed separately the sub-sample of 80 males who exchanged sex for money.... High-risk behavioral practices were common, about 40% of men engaged in unprotected anal intercourse at least once in the past three months. With respect to the past year, 41% said that they had female partners."

KABP study of male sex workers and masseurs in Mumbai Metro-India (XIV International AIDS Conference, 2002): "A total of 120 MSW`s were interviewed... Ever been forced to have sex with a man: 87% frequently forced. Conclusions: need to adopt safe sex practices, trained in condom negotiations skills. To develop a model for continuum of care for MSW and malishwalas who are HIV positive."

A Walk in the Park: Frames and Positions in AIDS Prevention Outreach among Gay Men in China (Word 97 Download).

Report of the First Brazilian Symposium on Basic Research in HIV/ AIDS. - Helping Gay Men in A Provincial Vietnamese City to Protect Themselves from AIDS. - Fighting AIDS in Asia: "What this session confirmed is that the Western gay model into which is lumped all men who have sex with men, is not appropriate to much of Asia. I'm convinced that gay men are fewer in number than men who have sex with men and bisexual men in many Asian countries from India to the Philippines, and that if we are to reach them we need to develop different HIV/AIDS messages, delivery routes and services." - AIDS knowledge, condom beliefs and sexual behaviour among male sex workers and male tourist clients in Bali, Indonesia. (1993, PDF Download) - HIV and AIDS in Thailand. - Purple Sky Network Newsletter.

The Zorro Report: An Assessment of the HIV prevention needs of gay men in Brighton and the adequacy of local HIV prevention services in meeting those needs. - Research related to Gay Men in the UK. - Gay Men, AIDS and Safer Sex: Reports for Download.

The Fourth International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, Manila, October, 1997 N/A. - The Sixth International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, Melbourne, October, 2001 N/A. - The Xth International Conference on STD/AIDS in Africa. - Conference Official Web Sites/Abstracts Listing by HIV InSite.

Academic Info - Health & Medicine: HIV / AIDS Studies.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country: - Asia: Afghanistan. - Bangladesh. - Bhutan. - Brunei Darussalam. - Cambodia. - China. - India.- Indonesia. - Japan. - Lao. - Malaysia. - Maldives. - Mongolia. - Mongolia. - Myanmar. - Nepal. - North Korea (DPRK). - Pakistan. - Philippines. - Singapore. - South Korea (ROK). - Sri Lanka. - Thailand. - Timor-Leste. - Viet Nam. - Eastern Europe & Central Asia: - Armenia. - Azerbaijan. - Belarus. - Georgia. - Kazakhstan. - Kyrgyzstan. - Moldova. - Russia. - Tajikistan. - Turkmenistan. - Ukraine. - Uzbekistan. - Middle East & North Africa: - Algeria. - Bahrain. - Egypt. - Iran. - Iraq. - Israel. - Jordan. - Kuwait. - Lebanon. - Lybia. - Mauritania. - Morocco. - Occupied Palestinian Territory. - Oman. - Qatar. - Saudi Arabia. - Sudan. - Syria. - Tunisia. - Turkey. - United Arab Emirates. - Yemen. - Sub-Saharan Africa: - Angola. - Benin. - Botswana. - Burkina Faso. - Burundi. - Cameroon. - Cape Verde. - Central African Republic. - Chad. - Comoros. - Congo. - Côte d'Ivoire. - Democratic Republic of the Congo. - Djibouti. - Equatorial Guinea. - Eritrea. - Ethiopia. - Gabon. - Gambia. - Ghana. - Guinea. - Guinea-Bissau. - Kenya. - Lesotho. - Liberia. - Madagascar. - Malawi. - Mali. - Mauritius. - Mayotte. - Mozambique. - Namibia. - Niger. - Nigeria. - Réunion. - Rwanda. - Saint Helena. - Sao Tome and Principe. - Senegal. - Seychelles. - Sierra Leone. - Somalia. - South Africa. - Swaziland. - Tanzania. - Togo. - Uganda. - Zambia. - Zimbabwe.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country: - Caribbean: - Anguilla. - Antigua and Barbuda. - Aruba. - Bahamas. - Barbados. - Belize. - British Virgin Islands. - Cayman Islands. - Cuba. - Dominica. - Dominican Republic. - Dutch Antilles. - French Caribbean. - Grenada. - Guyana. - Haiti. - Jamaica. - Montserrat. - Netherlands Antilles. - Puerto Rico. - Saint Kitts and Nevis. - Saint Lucia. - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. - Saint-Barthelemy. - Suriname. - Trinidad and Tobago. - Turks and Caicos Islands. - US Virgin Islands. - Latin America: - Argentina. - Bolivia. - Brazil. - Chile. - Colombia. - Costa Rica. - Ecuador. - El Salvador. - Guatemala. - Honduras. - Mexico. - Nicaragua. - Panama. - Paraguay. - Peru. - Uruguay. - Venezuela.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country: Central Europe: - Albania. - Bosnia and Herzegovina. - Bulgaria. - Croatia. - Cyprus. - Czech Republic. - Estonia. - Hungary. - Kosovo. - Latvia. - Lithuania. - Macedonia. - Montenegro. - Poland. - Romania. - Serbia. - Slovakia. - Slovenia. - Western Europe, Northern Europe & North America: - Andorra. - Austria. - Belgium. - Bermuda. - Canada. - Denmark. - Finland. - France. - Germany. - Greece. - Greenland. - Holy See. - Iceland. - Ireland. - Italy. - Liechtenstein. - Luxembourg. - Malta. - Monaco. - Netherlands. - Norway. - Portugal. - Saint Pierre and Miquelon. - San Marino. - Spain. - Sweden. - Switzerland. - United Kingdom. - United States of America.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country:  Oceania: - Australia. - Cook Islands. - Fed. States of Micronesia. - Fiji. - French Polynesia. - Johnston Island. - Kiribati. - Nauru. - New Caledonia. - New Caledonia. - New Zealand. - Niue. - Norfolk Island. - Northern Mariana Islands. - Palau. - Papua New Guinea. - Pitcairn. - Samoa. - Solomon Islands. - Tokelau. - Tonga. - Tuvalu. - Vanuatu. - Wallis and Futuna Islands.


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

AIDS & Related Problems

Gay community problems related to AIDS. - The Cost of Community-based Care for Persons with HIV/AIDS. - Positive Living Newsletter 7/98: Moving Beyond the Crisis. - Psychiatric Morbidity in HIV Patients. - My Friend Rob (More Papers by Margaret Nichols). - How to choose a care provider: A guide for Choosing Doctors and Counsellors for Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals and Transgendered Persons and People living with HIV/AIDS.

Critical Tolerance Report: A gay community led model of needs assessment investigating the needs of HIV positive gay men, their partners and surviving partners. - HIV-infected patients with certain sociodemographic characteristics are less likely to take antiretroviral therapy. - HIV/AIDS Bureau's Special Projects of National Significance on topics of Innovative Models of HIV/AIDS Care 1994-1999.

Scientists Find Viral Link to Cancer in AIDS Patients. - Adolescent AIDS Program: Medical and Psychosocial Services.

Mental Health and Addiction Treatment Services.  - AIDS Education Must Consider Mental Health. - Depression Linked to Death Risk Among Gay/Bisexual Men with HIV. - The Impact of HIV on Caregivers (PDF Download).


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!


Internet Resources

Avert.org: "AVERT is an international HIV and AIDS charity based in the UK, with the aim of AVERTing HIV and AIDS worldwide. AVERT has a number of overseas projects, helping with the problem of HIV/AIDS in countries where there is a particularly high rate of infection, such as South Africa, or where there is a rapidly increasing rate of infection such as in India.We also take education and information to people in almost every country in the world through our highly successful web site, www.avert.org.

Medline Plus: AIDS. - Transcriptase: Revue critique de l'actualité scientifique internationale sur le VIH et les virus des hépatites. "Le projet Transcriptase est né de la nécessité d'une approche pluridisciplinaire du sida."

Socioeconomic Influences on the Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection. -

Managing Desire: HIV Prevention Strategies for the 21rst Century. - Theorizing Desire (Multiple Articles and one section on barebacking. 

GMHC: Index of Articles From Gay Men's Health Crisis.Safe Sex / HIV Prevention.   - Gay Health.com's HIV/AIDS Resources.

HIV-Negative: How the Uninfected Are Affected by AIDS (book). - Contents with links to online full text version

The response to HIV/AIDS In Canada , HIV/AIDS in Canada law, resources, advocacy, agencies.  - Gay and Lesbian Issues and HIV/AIDS: A Discussion Paper (1997/1998: PDF Download) - Canadian AIDS Society / Société canadienne du sida. - ACT: AIDS Committee of Toronto. .

Medical Advocates for Social Justice: MSM - Transgender. - Sex Workers. - A resource guide on HIV Health Promotion with Gay Men

An overview of AIDS controversies, and links to more sources.

Walt Odets: Articles.

Abstracts From the Journal Risk, Decision and Policy - Vol 1(2): Recent developments in the sociology of HIV risk behaviour. - Unprotected sex in gay men's HIV non-concordant regular relationships. - Perceived risk for HIV among young White, African American, and Hispanic heterosexuals in the National AIDS Behavioural Survey.

Australian HIV/AIDS Projects/Studies. - Progress Report No. 3, February 1997 BASELINE STUDIES Sidney Men and Sexual Health (SMASH)..... - Reflecting on Practice: Current challenges in gay and other homosexually active men’s HIV education (2001, PDF Download). - Living Safer Sexual Lives: Final Report (2001, PDF Download). -  HIV and AIDS in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians: 1992-1998.

HIVdent resources: - Commonly Used Medications for HIV & AIDS Patients. - Mental Health Considerations. - Medical Considerations & Medical News Updates. - Public Policy & News Updates. - CDC News & Resources. - Links to Other Web Sites. - Do People living with HIV/AIDS Receive and Want Specialised Dental Care? (PDF Download)

Sigma Research (UK): Journal Articles Listing and Related Information. - AIDS/HIV Articles at gaypsychothrapy.com. - Gay men miss out on Aids funding: "Some health authorities in England are failing to protect gay men from the threat of HIV infection, according to a survey. Institutionalised homophobia is blamed for the failure to make proper resources available for public health measures." - Aids in the UK. - Gay Men, AIDS and Safer Sex: Reports for Download

The American Foundation for AIDS Resarch (amfAR).  

Selected abstracts by Herek, GM. et al.Adolescent HIV Conference Abstracts.Upcoming AIDS Conferences Listing. - Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Service.

Peer Education and HIV/AIDS: Past Experience, Future Directions (2000, PDF Download).

AIDS-related articles by Michael Shernoff.  -  AIDS-related articles by Mark King.  - Articles from POZ Magazine (Large Archive). -  Peter Scott's Pages: Gay Men, AIDS and Safer Sex : AIDS-related Research Projects, Reports, and Writings (England). - Focus [Magazine]:  A Guide to AIDS Research and Counseling - Listing of Issues from 1986 to Present. Recent full text articles. Titles of articles in back issues.

The Body: A Multimedia AIDS and HIV Information Source (Extensive archive of articles). - Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS). - CAPS - En Español. - HIV inSite: Gateway to AIDS Knowledge. (Many abstracts & articles available.) - Gay City: "Living through an epidemic is a complex task and daily challenge. We all need support at one time or another. These people can help." - The Canadian HIV/AIDS Information Centre.

Centre canadien de documentation sur le VIH/sida. - VIH.org:  le site interassociatif français de lutte contre le sida (Liens). - USinfo's "La lutte contre le sida et les maladies infectieuses." - Overture Santé Sida: Liens.  - Monchoix.net Dossier prévention: Liens. - Act Up-Paris: liens vers les associations de lutte contre le sida. - Multisexualités et sida: prevention. - UNAIDS. - StopSida: liens. - Transcriptases: Revue critique de l'actualité scientifique internationale sur le VIH et les virus des hépatites.

AIDS/HIV - Doctor's Guide to the Internet- Search the QRD. - HIV insite Resources. - AIDS and Sexology Links Page. - Dr. Jim Weinrich's AIDS and Sexology page. - AIDS Info BBS Database. - fastfax: News That Matters to People with HIV/AIDS. - HIV/AIDS Program Resources. - HIVNET/AEGIS. - Gay/Lesbian/HIV/AIDS Sites. - Vancouver's Vanguard Project: Publications, Many Full Text Papers.

UCSF AIDS Health Project: FOCUS [magazine]: A Guide to AIDS Research and Counseling. - University of New South Wales Publication Bibliography - Gay and other Homosexually active men. - Links: Gay Men & MSM. - AIDS Book Review Journal: Number 1 to 43, 1993-1998, University of Illinois at Chicago. - The Living for Tomorrow HIV/AIDS bibliographies. - HIV/AIDS related book. - Books on HIV/AIDS: Excerpts / Reviews. - Johns Hopkins AIDS Service: Literary Corner. - SIECUS Annotated Bibliographies: HIV/AIDS Prevention Resources. - Risks in the Context of Same-Sex Behavior.

Books

Books: - AIDS: Rage and Reality; Why Silence is Deadly - 1993 - by Gene Antonio (Abstract). - Queer and Loathing: Rants and Raves of a Raging AIDS Clone - 1994 - by David B. Feinberg (Review). - We Must Love One Another Or Die: The Life and Legacies of Larry Kramer - 1997 - edited by Lawrence D. Mass (Abstract). - Things Shaped in Passing - 1997 -  edited by Michael Klein and Richard McCann (Abstract). - Social Work and HIV: The Canadian Experience - 1999 - edited by William Rowe and Bill Ryan: Table of Contents. - Social Workers Speak out on the HIV/AIDS Crisis - 1998 - by Larry M. Gant (Editor), Patricia A. Stewart, Vincent J. Lynch. - Readings in the Sociology of AIDS - 2000 - edited by Anthony J. Lemelle, Jr., Charlene Harrington and Allen J. LeBlanc (Review / Excerpt). - EveryBody - Preventing HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Young Teens - 2001 (Revised Edition) -  by Deborah Schoeberlein (Reviews). - The After-Death Room: Journey Into Spiritual Activism - 2006 - by Michael McColly. Review

Books: - Acts of Intervention: Performance, Gay Culture, and AIDS - 1998 - by David Roman (Abstract). -  AIDS, Identity, and Community: The HIV Epidemic and Lesbians and Gay Men (Psychological Perspectives on Lesbian and Gay Issues Vol. 2) - 1995 - edited by Gregory M. Herek and Beverly Greene (Abstract). -  T-Cells & Sympathy: Monologues in the Age of AIDS - 1995 - by Michael Kearns (Abstract). - On Watch! Views from the Lighthouse - 1996 - by Christopher Spence (Abstract). - Voices from Within: An Anthology of Prisoners' Expressions on HIV & AIDS - edited by Anthony Rozzell and Larry Wilson, with Associate Editors Charles Ridgway, Charles White, Larry Vaughan, and Gill Brown. - Bisexualities & AIDS: International Perspectives - 1996 - edited by Peter Aggleton

AIDS & AfricanAmericans; A guide for substance abuse, sexuality and care - 2000 - by Pamela Blackwell-Johnson  ( Link to Editorial Reviews) - The Boundaries of Blackness: AIDS and the Breakdown of Black Politics - 1999 - by Cathy J. Cohen (Link to Editorial Reviews). -  Honey, Honey, Miss Thang: Being Black, Gay, and On the Streets - 1996 - by Leon E. Pettiway (Editorial Review, 9 Sample pages). - Fighting Words: Personal Essays by Black Gay Men - 1999 - edited by Charles Michael Smith (Link to Editorial Reviews). - The Boundaries of Blackness: AIDS and the Breakdown of Black Politics - 1999 - by Cathy J. Cohen (Excerpt)

One More River to Cross: Black and Gay in America - 1998 - by Keith Boykin (Link to Editorial Reviews, 27 Sample Pages). - Are We Not Men? Masculine Anxiety and the Problem of African-American Identity - 1998 - by Phillip Brian harper (Review). - The Greatest Taboo: Homosexuality in Black Communities - 2001 - by Delroy Constantine-Simms (Interview with author) (Table of Contents) (Review: Black Gay / Gay Black). - A Whosoever Church: Welcoming Lesbians and Gay Men into African American Congregations - 2001 - by Gary David Comstock (11 Sample Pages)  (Review).

Books: - Lessons from the Damned: Queers, Whores, and Junkies Respond to AIDS - 1998 - by Nancy E. Stoller (Abstract). -  Between the Sheets: Sexual - Diaries and Gay Men's Sex in the Era of AIDS - 1996 - by Anthony P. M. Coxon (Abstract). - Men Like Us: The GMHC Complete Guide to Gay Men's Sexual, Physical, and Emotional Well-Being - 2000 - by Daniel Wolfe (Review) (Amazon) (Excerpt).

Books: - Reviving the Tribe: Regenerating Gay Men's Sexuality and Culture in the Ongoing Epidemic - 1996 - by Eric Rofes (Review) (Review). - AIDS Narratives: Gender and Sexuality, Fiction and Science - 1996 - by Steven F. Kruger (Review). - EnGendering AIDS: Deconstructing Sex, Text and Epidemic - 1997 - by Tamsin Wilton (Abstract). - HIV/AIDS and Sexuality - 1995 - edited by Michael W. Ross.

Books: - International Cooperation in Response to AIDS - 1995 - by Leon Gordenker, Roger A. Coate, Christerc Jönsson and Peter Söderholm (Abstract) - .Loco afán: Crónicas de sidario ["Crazy Effort: Chronicles from AIDS," in Spanish] - 1996 - by Pedro Lemebel (Review).

Books: - My Rose: An African American Mother's Story of AIDS - 1997 - by Geneva E. Bell (Abstract). - Unbound: A Book of AIDS - 1997 - by Aaron Shurin (Abstract). - Vamps, Virgins, and Victims: How Can Women Fight AIDS? - 1996 - by Robin Gorna (Abstract).

Books: - Healthy Sex: 99 Tips to Prevent HIV Infection - 1997 - by D. Thomas Partner, R.N. (Review). -  Positive: HIV Affirmative Counseling - 1996 - by Craig D. Kain (Review). - Risky Sex: Gay Men and HIV Prevention - 1997 - by Dwayne C. Turner (Abstract). - In the Shadow of the Epidemic: Being HIV-Negative in the Age of AIDS - 1995 -  by Walt Odets (Abstract)  Abstract/Contents/Introduction. - Face to Face: A Guide to AIDS Counseling  edited by James W. Dilley, Cheri Pies, and Michael Helquist (Excerpts). - Risk and Recovery: AIDS, HIV and Alcohol by Marcia Quackenbush, JD Benson, and Joanna Rinaldi (Excerpts). 

The "SEARCH Section" For...
The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Search Engines & Directories: Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture.

Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of  Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.

Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal- Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com

Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers).  eScholarship Repository:  University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries.  - NTUR, National Taiwan University- Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. -  UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki- E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory

Search for Free Articles, Papers or ReportsFindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere.  The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.

Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.

Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses,  Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway.  - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.

Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. -  Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. -  Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers,  2005,  3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports


Full Text Articles / Papers / Studies / Reports (and/or Abstracts):


AIDS and Male-to-Male Sex in Latin America: Vulnerabilities, strengths and proposed measures: Perspectives and reflections from the point of view of public health, social sciences and activism - 2003 - edited by Carlos F. Cáceres, Mario Pecheny and Veriano Terto Júnior. UPCH/UNAIDS (PDF Download). Foreword / Contents. - Chapter 1 (Introduction): Confronting the HIV/AIDS epidemic in gay men and other men who have sex with men in Latin America and the Caribbean (Carlos F. Cáceres and Mario Pecheny). - Chapter 2: Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS infection among men who have sex with men in Latin America and the Caribbean: Current Situation and Recommendations for Epidemiological Surveillance (Carlos F. Cáceres). -  Chapter 3: Socio-Cultural context of male-to-male sex (Gabriel Guajardo S.). Chapter 4: Vulnerability of Gay Men and Other Men who Have Sex with Men to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Latin America: The Other Side of Masculinity (José Toro-Alfonso) -  Chapter 5 ...


Adams BD, et al. (2006). Ontario's Gay Men HIV Prevention Strategy: Gay, Bi, MSM Situation Report. Toronto: AIDS Bureau, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. PDF Download.

Adams BD, et al. (2003). Renewing HIV Prevention for Gay and Bisexual Men: A research report on safer sex practices among high risk men and men in couplesin Toronto. PDF Download.

Adam BD, Sears A, Glenn E (2000). Accounting for Unsafe Sex: Interviews With Men Who Have Sex With Men. Journal of Sex Research, 37(1): 24-36. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)

Agyemang S, Wallace BC, Liebman RE (2008). An Exploratory Internet Study of Black Men on the Down Low: Potential Factors Related to Non-Disclosure to Female Partners and Inconsistent Condom Use for Black Men who Have Sex with Men and Women (MSMW). The Journal of Equity in Health, 1(1): 79-97. PDF Download. Download Page.

Altman, Dennis (2006). Taboos and denial in government responses. International Affairs 82(2): 257‒268. PDF Download.

Amaro H, Raj A (2000). On the Margin: Power and Women's HIV Risk Reduction Strategies. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, April 01. 24 pages. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)

amFAR AIDS Research Issue Brief (2010). MSM and the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Assessing PEPFAR and Looking Forward. PDF Download.

Amirkhanian YA, Kelly JA, Takacs J, Kuznetsova AV, DiFranceisco WJ, Mocsonaki L, McAuliffe TL, Khoursine RA, Toth TP (2009). HIV/STD prevalence, risk behavior, and substance use patterns and predictors in Russian and Hungarian sociocentric social networks of men who have sex with men. AIDS Education and Prevention, 21(3): 266-79.PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Anderson T (2009). HIV/AIDS in Cuba: lessons and challenges. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, 26(1): 78-86. PDF Download.

Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (AFAO, 1998). National Indigenous Gay and Transgender Consultation Report and Sexual Health Strategy. PDF DownloadPDF Download.

Ayala, George (2003). Forward. Corpus, 1(1). Internet: Full Text . Corpus: Full Text .  Contents: Foreword (George Ayala), Introduction (Jaime Cortez), The Undetectable Strain: Notes on Being Negative (Joel Barraquiel Tan), Got to Have Faith? (Gerard B. Fergerson), Passing/Posing: The Paintings of Kehinde Wiley (Jaime Cortez), I Buy Sea Monkeys (Justin Chin), Shadow Self: An Interview with Painter Timothy Cummings (Jaime Cortez), Reels (Laurence Angelo Padua), Sexilio (Pedro Bustos Aguilar), Raymundo the Fag (Jaime Cortez), Th’ Floodgates (Belasco), Tu Semen (Omar Baños), Contributors.

Ayala G, et al. (2010). Social Discrimination Against Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM): Implications for HIV Policy and Programs. The Global Forum on MSM and HIV (MSMGF). PDF Download.

Baral S, Sifakis F, Cleghorn F, Beyrer C (2007). Elevated risk for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries 2000-2006: a systematic review. PLoS Medicine, 4(12): e339. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Baral S, Trapence G, Motimedi F, Umar E, Iipinge S, Dausab F, Beyrer C (2009). HIV prevalence, risks for HIV infection, and human rights among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana. PLoS One, 4(3): e4997. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Bauer GR, Hammond R, Travers R, Kaay M, Hohenadel KM, Boyce M (2009). "I don't think this is theoretical; this is our lives": how erasure impacts health care for transgender people. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 20(5): 348-61. PDF Download.

Bauermeister JA (2009). Sex Technology & HIV/AIDS. National Coalition of STD Directors Conference Presentation. PDF Download.

Bautista CT, Sanchez JL, Montano SM, Laguna-Torres VA, Lama JR, Sanchez JL, Kusunoki L, Manrique H, Acosta J, Montoya O, Tambare AM, Avila MM, Viñoles J, Aguayo N, Olson JG, Carr JK (2004). Seroprevalence of and risk factors for HIV-1 infection among South American men who have sex with men. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 80(6): 498-504. Abstract. PDF Download.

Beckam D, Palacios-Jimenez L, Patti VJ, and Shernoff M; Ryan PG, Ed. (1989). Saying goodbye to someone you love. Full text.

Beckett M, Burnam A, Collins RL, Kanouse DE, Beckman R (2003). Substance use and high-risk sex among people with HIV: a comparison across exposure groups. AIDS and Behavior, 7(2):209-19. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Bellis MA, Cook P, Clark1, Syed Q, Hoskins A (2002). Re-emerging syphilis in gay men: a case-control study of behavioural risk factors and HIV status. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 56:235-236. Full Text. PDF Download.

Benevedes JM (2006). Making Meaning of Seroconversion in Older Gay Men. Focus, 21(10): 5-6. PDF Download.

Bernstein KT, Liu KL, Begier EM, Koblin B, Karpati A, Murrill C (2008). Same-Sex Attraction Disclosure to Health Care Providers Among New York City Men Who Have Sex With Men. Archives of Internal Medicine, 168(13): 1458-1464. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Betron M, Gonzalez-Figueroa E (2009). Gender Identity, Violence, and HIV among MSM and TG: A Literature Review and a Call for Screening. Washington, DC: Futures Group International, USAID |Health Policy Initiative, Task Order 1. PDF Download.

Beyrer C (2010). Global prevention of HIV infection for neglected populations: men who have sex with men. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 50 Suppl 3: S108-13. PDF Download. Abstract.

Beyrer C, Wirtz Al, Walker D, Johns B, Sifakis F, Baral SD (2011). The Global HIV Epidemics among Men Who Have Sex with Men. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank. PDF Download.

Beyrer C, Baral SD, Walker D, Wirtz AL, Johns B, Sifakis F (2010). The expanding epidemics of HIV type 1 among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries: diversity and consistency. Epidemiologic Review, 32(1): 137-51. PDF Download. Abstract.

Beyrer C, Trapence G, Motimedi F, Umar E, Iipinge S, Dausab F, Baral S (2010). Bisexual concurrency, bisexual partnerships, and HIV among Southern African men who have sex with men. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 86(4): 323-7. PDF Download. Abstract.

Beyrer C (2009). Epidemiology of HIV Among MSM in Africa: Implications for Rectal Microbicides. IAS 2009 Satellite Session, Rectal Microbicide Development: An African Perspective. PPT Presentation as PDF.

Bigler, Mark O (Utah AIDS Foundation, 2000). Generational Differences Among Gay Men In the Coming Out Process, Self-Esteem, and HIV Risk. PDF Download.

Bing EG, et al. (2008). Research Needed to More Effectively Combat HIV among African-American Men Who Have Sex with Men. Journal of the National Medical Association, 100(1): 52-56. PDF Download.

Binswanger, Hans (2005). Combating the epidemics of Violence and AIDS among men having sex with men in the developing World. PDF Download.

Blanc, Marie-Ève (2005). Construction sociale des homosexualités masculines au Viet Nam. [Social contruction of male homosexualities in Vietnam]. Revue internationale des sciences sociales, 4(No. 186). Full Text. (Google Translation)

Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Gee L, Lorvick J, Moore L, Seal K, Edlin BR (2001). Trends in HIV seroprevalence and risk among gay and bisexual men who inject drugs in San Francisco, 1988 to 2000. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 28(3): 264-9. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Bockting W (2008). Transgender Identity and HIV: Resilience in the Face of Stigma. Focus, 23(2): 1.  PDF Download.

Bond L, Wheeler DP, Millett GA, LaPollo AB, Carson LF, Liau A (2009). Black men who have sex with men and the association of down-low identity with HIV risk behavior. American Journal of Public Health, 9 Suppl 1:S92-5. PDF Download. PDF Download. Abstract.

Bowen AM, Williams ML, Daniel CM, Clayton S (2008). Internet based HIV prevention research targeting rural MSM: feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy. Journa of Behavioral Medicine, 31(6): 463-477. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract

Bowleg L, Belgrave FZ, Reisen CA (2000). Gender Roles, Power Strategies, and Precautionary Sexual Self-Efficacy: Implications for Black and Latina Women's HIV/AIDS Protective Behaviors. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, April 01. 16 pages. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)

Bredström, Anna (2008). Safe Sex, Unsafe identities: Intersections of ’Race’, Gender and Sexuality in Swedish HIV/AIDS Policy. Linköping Studies in Arts and Science No. 424, Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. PDF Download.

Brennan DJ, Hellerstedt WL, Ross MW, Welles SL (2007). History of childhood sexual abuse and HIV risk behaviors in homosexual and bisexual men. American Journal of Public Health, 97(6): 1107-12. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Brody S, Potterat JJ (2003). Assessing the role of anal intercourse in the epidemiology of AIDS in Africa. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 14: 431-436. PDF Download. Full Text. Abstract.

Brown, Graham (1999). Here For Life: An Overview of Some Early Results. Youth Suicide Prevention Bulletin, 3. Australian Institute of Fsamily Studies. PDF Download.

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Deiss RG, Brouwer KC, Loza O, Lozada RM, Ramos R, Cruz MA, Patterson TL, Heckathorn DD, Frost SD, Strathdee SA (2008). High-risk sexual and drug using behaviors among male injection drug users who have sex with men in 2 Mexico-US border cities. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 35(3): 243-9. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

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Halkitis PN, Parsons JT (2002). Recreational drug use and HIV risk sexual behavior among men frequenting urban gay venues. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 14, 19-38. PDF Download. Abstract.

Halkitis PN, Siconolfi D, Fumerton M, Barlup K (2008). Risk Bases in Childhood and Adolescence among HIV-negative Young Adult Gay and Bisexual Male Barebackers. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 20(4): 288-314. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

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Herbst JH, Jacobs ED, Finlayson TJ, McKleroy VS, Neumann MS, Crepaz N; HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Team (2008). Estimating HIV prevalence and risk behaviors of transgender persons in the United States: a systematic review. AIDS and Behavior, 12(1): 1-17. PDF Download. Abstract.

Hewitt, Ross G (2006). BEYOND HIV: Addressing the Spectrum of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Health Care Issues. Part I: Examining LGBT Health Disparities. New Jersey" New Jersey AIDSLine. PDF Download.

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Hooper S, Rosser BR, Horvath KJ, Oakes JM, Danilenko G; Men's INTernet Sex II (MINTS-II) Team (2008). An online needs assessment of a virtual community: what men who use the internet to seek sex with men want in Internet-based HIV prevention. AIDS and Behaviot, 12(6):867-75. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Hucks, Tonya Camille (2004). Racial and Sexual Orientation Identity and Social Support as Predictors of Sexual Risk-Taking Behavior Among African-American Men Who Have Sex With Men. PhD. Dissertation, Arts and Sciences, Psychology, University of Cincinnati. PDF Download. Download Page.

Husbands W, et al. (2009). MaBwana: Health, Community and Vulnerability to HIV among African, Caribbean and Black Gay and Bisexual Men in Toronto. Toronto, Ontario: The African and Caribbean Council on HIV/AIDS in Ontario (ACCHO) and the AIDS Committee of Toronto. PDF Download. Related PPT Presentation. Follow-up event (2010): Ontario Black Gay Men's Summit--Cultures of Sexuality and Black Men's Health. - Related: Shimeles H, et al (2010). African, Caribbean and Black Communities in Canada: A Knowledge Synthesis Paper for the CIHR Social Research Centre in HIV Prevention. Toronto, Ontario: The Social Research Centre in HIV Prevention. PDF Download.  Related: Norsah K (2010). Keep It Alive: Social Policies and Programs for African Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) in Toronto, Ontario. <pmtreal: Mcill University, School of Social Work. PDF Download.

Husbands W, et al. (2004). Party Drugs inToronto's Gay Dance Club Scene: Issues for HIV Prevention for Gay Men. Toronto: AIDS Committee of Toronto. PDF Download.

Hwahng SJ, Nuttbrock L (2007). Sex Workers, Fem Queens, and Cross-Dressers: Differential Marginalizations and HIV Vulnerabilities Among Three Ethnocultural Male-to-Female Transgender Communities in New York City. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 4(4): 36-59. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Igreja I, Zuroff DC, Koestner R, Saltaris C, Brouillette MJ, Lalonde R (2000). Social Motives, Social Support, and Distress in Gay Men Differing in HIV Status. Journal of Research in Personality, 34(3): 287-304. Full Text N/A: PDF Download.

Imrie, John, et al. (2001). A cognitive behavioural intervention to reduce sexually transmitted infections among gay men: randomised trial. British Medical Journal, 322: 1451-6. PDF Download. Full Text.

Izazola-Licea JA, Gortmaker SL, Tolbert K, De Gruttola V, Mann J (2000). Prevalence of Same-Gender Sexual Behavior and HIV in a Probability Household Survey in Mexican Men. Journal of Sex Research, 37(1): 37-43.  Full Text. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)

Jenkins C, Ayutthaya PP, Hunter A (2005). Katoey in Thailand: HIV/AIDS and Life opportunities. Produced by the United States Agency for International Development. PDF Download.

Jenkins G, Kern D (2009). HIV/AIDS: Crisis among Young Black and Latino Gay Men and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM). NASTAD. PDF Download.

Johnson CA (2007). Off The Map: How HIV/AIDS Programming is Failing Same-Sex People in Africa. New York, New York: International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC). PDF Download. Executive Summary.

Johnson CC, Johnson KA (2000). High-risk behavior among gay adolescents: implications for treatment and support. Adolescence, December 22. 16 pages. Full Text.

Johnson MO, Carrico AW, Chesney MA, Morin SF (2010). Internalized heterosexism among HIV-positive, gay-identified men: implications for HIV prevention and care. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(5): 829-39. PDF Download.

Kaiser Family Foundation Report (1999). Hearing Their Voices: A Qualitative Research Study on HIV Testing and Higher-Risk Teens.

Kalichman SC, Benotsch E, Rompa D, Gore-Felton C, Austin J, Luke W, DiFonzo K, Buckles J, Kyomugisha F, Simpson D (2001). Unwanted Sexual Experiences and Sexual Risks in Gay and Bisexual Men: Associations Among Revictimization, Substance Use, and Psychiatric Symptoms. Journal of Sex Research, 38(1): 1-9. Full Text. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)

Katz JL, et al. (2005). The Sex Check: he Development of an HIV-Prevention Service to Address the Needs of Latino MSM. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 18(1): 37-49. PDF Download. Must Scroll.

Keatley JG (2008). Transgender Global HIV/AIDS Epidemiology. Presentation: XVII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2008). PDF Download.

Keatley J, Sevelius J (2009). Transgender Epidemiology (USA). Conference Presentation. PDF Download.

Keatley J, et al. (2008). Effects of Transphobia on Transgender Communities: What’s Really Going On and What Do We Do About It? University of California, San Francisco: Center of Excellence for Transgender HIV Prevention. PPT Presentation.

Keller K (2009). Transgender Health and HIV. Beta, Summer/Fall, 40-50. PDF Download. Full Text.

Kelly, Michael J (2000). Standing Education on its Head: Aspects of Schooling in a World with HIV/AIDS. Current Issues in Comparative Education, 3(1):  Full Text, PDF Download. "This paper argues that HIV/AIDS stands education on its head. Education in a world with AIDS must be different from education in an AIDS free world. The content, process, methodology, role and organization of school education in a world with HIV/AIDS must be radically altered."

Kertzner RM (2006). Beyond Coming Out: Gay Men, HIV, and Age. Focus, 21(10): 1-4. PDF Download.

Kessler, Laura (2008). Examining links of racial and sexual identity development, psychological well-being, and sexual risks among HIV-positive, same sex attracted African American men. PhD. Dissertation, The Uiversity of Akron. PDF Download.

Khosla N (2009). HIV/AIDS interventions in Bangladesh: what can application of a social exclusion framework tell us? Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 27(4): 587-97. PDF Download PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Koblin BA, Husnik MJ, Colfax G, Huang Y, Madison M, Mayer K, Barresi PJ, Coates TJ, Chesney MA, Buchbinder S (2006). Risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men. AIDS, 20(5): 731-9. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Kole SK (2007). Globalizing queer? AIDS, homophobia and the politics of sexual identity in India. Global Health, 11;3:8. PDF Download.

Kosenko KA (2011). Contextual influences on sexual risk-taking in the transgender community. Journal of Sex Research, 48(2/3): 285-96. PubMed Abstract. Full text. Full text.

Kurtz SP (2008). Arrest histories of high-risk gay and bisexual men in Miami: unexpected additional evidence for syndemic theory. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 40(4): 513-21. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Kushner T (1997). Three screeds from Key West. The Gay & Lesbian Review, 4(2). Full text.

Lemp GF, Jones M, Kellogg TA, Nieri GN, Anderson L, Withum D, Katz M (1995). HIV seroprevalence and risk behaviors among lesbians and bisexual women in San Francisco and Berkeley, California. American Journal of Public Health, 85(11): 1549-52. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

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Lewis-Peart, David (2007). Visibility Hidden: Rethinking BMSM & HIV Prevention. Toronto: Black Coalition for AIDS Prevention. PDF Download.

Lieb S, Prejean J, Thompson DR, Fallon SJ, Cooper H, Gates GJ, Liberti TM, Friedman SR, Malow RM (2010). HIV Prevalence Rates Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in the Southern United States: Population-Based Estimates by Race/Ethnicity. AIDS and Behavior, 2010 Sep 25. [Epub ahead of print]. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Li X, Shi W, Li D, Ruan Y, Jia Y, Vermund SH, Zhang X, Wang C, Liu Y, Yu M, Xing H, Hong K, Shao Y (2008). Predictors of unprotected sex among men who have sex with men in Beijing, China. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 39(1): 99-108. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Long Michelle, et al. (2007). Transgender HIV Health Services Best Practices Guidelines. Transgender HIV Health Services. PDF Download.

Lou J, Wu J, Chen L, Ruan Y, Shao Y (2009). A sex-role-preference model for HIV transmission among men who have sex with men in China. BMC Public Health, 18;9 Suppl 1:S10. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Lyles CM, Kay LS, Crepaz N, Herbst JH, Passin WF, Kim AS, Rama SM, Thadiparthi S, DeLuca JB, Mullins MM; HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Team (2006). Best-evidence interventions: findings from a systematic review of HIV behavioral interventions for US populations at high risk, 2000-2004. American Journal of Public Health, 97(1): 133-43. PDF Download. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Maguen S, Armistead L (2000). Prevalence of Unprotected Sex and HIV-Antibody Testing Among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youth. Journal of Sex Research, 37(2): 169-74. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)

Malebranche DJ, et al. (2007). Masculine Socialization and Sexual Risk Behaviors among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Qualitative Exploration. Men & Maculinities. PDF Download. PDF Download.  

Malebranche DJ (2003). Black Men who Have Sex with Men and the HIV Epidemic: Next Steps for Public Health. American Journal of Public Health, 93: 862-865.  PDF Download. PDF Download

Malta M, Magnanini MM, Mello MB, Pascom AR, Linhares Y, Bastos FI (2010). HIV prevalence among female sex workers, drug users and men who have sex with men in Brazil: a systematic review and meta-analysis. MC Public Health, 10: 317. PDF Download PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Managing Desire Website Index of "Full Text" Papers: - Lucey,  Michael. "Stay Negative Please" What's So Difficult About That?: Theorizing Desire in the Time of AIDS. - O'Malley, Paul. Oral Sex: Risk Factors for HIV Infection. - Mischewski, Anton. Does Desire Displace Knowledge? Young Men and HIV/AIDS. - Mischewski, Anton. Does Desire Displace Knowledge? (Re)Doing HIV Prevention.

Mansergh G, Koblin BA, McKirnan DJ, Hudson SM, Flores SA, Wiegand RE, Purcell DW, Colfax GN; Project MIX Study Team (2010). An intervention to reduce HIV risk behavior of substance-using men who have sex with men: a two-group randomized trial with a nonrandomized third group. PLoS Med, 7(8): e1000329. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Mansergh G, Purcell DW, Stall R, McFarlane M, Semaan S, Valentine J, Valdiserri R (2006). CDC consultation on methamphetamine use and sexual risk behavior for HIV/STD infection: summary and suggestions. Public Health Reports, 121(2): 127-32. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Mascolini M (2010). Finding solutions for HIV’s lost generation: adolescents and young adults. Research Initiatives, 15(2): 5-41. PDF Download.

Mao, Limin (2002). Gay Asian and Caucasian men in Sydney: cultural, social and cognitive factors associated with sex practices. School of Education and National Centre of HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales. PDF Downloads (Download Page): Title, Abstract, Contents, Introduction: PDF Download, Whole Document: PDF Download.

Marcus U, Hickson F, Weatherburn P, Schmidt AJ; EMIS Network. (2012). Prevalence of HIV among MSM in Europe: comparison of self-reported diagnoses from a large scale internet survey and existing national estimates. BMC Public Health. 12: 978. PDF Download.

Margolies L, Goeren B (2009). Anal Cancer, HIV, and Gay/Bisexual Men. PDF Download.

Marshall BD, Wood E, Shoveller JA, Patterson TL, Montaner JS, Kerr T (2011). Pathways to HIV risk and vulnerability among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered methamphetamine users: a multi-cohort gender-based analysis. BMC Public Health, 11: 20. Abstract. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Mays VM, Cochran SD (1988). Black Gay & Bisexual Men Coping with More Than Just a Disease. Focus, 4(1): 1-3. PDF Download.

Mays VM, Cochran SD, Bellinger G, Smith RG, Henley N, Daniels M, Tibbits T, Victorianne GD, Osei OK, Birt DK (1992). The Language of Black Gay Men's Sexual Behavior: Implications For AIDS Risk Reduction. The Journal of Sex Research, 29(3): 425-434. PDF Download.

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Weber AE, Craib KJ, Chan K, Martindale S, Miller ML, Schechter MT, Hogg RS (2001). Sex trade involvement and rates of human immunodeficiency virus positivity among young gay and bisexual men. American Journal of Epidemiology, 30(6) :1449-54. Discussion: 1455-6.  PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Weinrich, JD et al. (1996). Buried Pleasures: Childhood Environment Predicts Preferences for Certain Safe and Unsafe Sexual Acts. Paper presented at the 1996 XI International AIDS Conference, Vancouver BC, Canada. Full Text.

Wilkerson JM (2007). Acquiring a Sociosexual Identity: Experiences of Sexually Marginalized Collegiate Men. PhD Dissertation, Texas State University-San Marcos. PDF Download. PDF Download. Download Page.

Wilson EC, Garofalo R, Harris RD, Herrick A, Martinez M, Martinez J, Belzer M; Transgender Advisory Committee and the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (2009). Transgender female youth and sex work: HIV risk and a comparison of life factors related to engagement in sex work. AIDS and Behavior, 13(5): 902-13. PDF Download.

Winder R (UNAIDS, 2006). HIV and Men who have Sex with Men in Asia and the Pacific. PDF Download.

Wisconsin HIV Prevention Community Planning Council (2005). The Public Health Crisis of Methamphetamine Use and the HIV Epidemic. PDF Download.

Women's Institute at GMHC (2009). HIV Risk for Lesbians, Bisexuals & Other Women Who Have Sex With Women. PDF Download.

Woods WJ, Binson D, Mayne TJ, Gore LR, Rebchook GM (2001). Facilities and HIV Prevention in Bathhouse and Sex Club Environments. Journal of Sex Research, 38(1): 68-74. Full Text, Find Articles: findarticles.com. (Journal of Sex Research: Table of Contents)

Wong FY (2007). HIV In Asian and Pacific Islander MSM In The U. S. In: August 2007 Communiqué, Special Section: Psychological Perspectives On Sexual Orientation in Communities of Color. PDF Download.

World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia (2010). HIV/AIDS among men who have sex with men and transgender populations in South-East Asia: the current situation and national responses. PDF Download.

Wright MT (2005). Homosexuality and HIV/AIDS prevention: the challenge of transferring lessons learned from Western Europe to Central and Eastern European Countries. Health Promotion International, 20(1): 91-98. PDF Download.

Wycoff S (2005). HIV/AIDS Prevention for MSM Latino Men: A Campus-Community Collaborative Needs Assessment. CA: California State University Sacramento. PDF Download.

Zea MC, Reisen CA, Poppen PJ, Bianchi FT, Echeverry JJ (2005). Disclosure of HIV status and psychological well-being among Latino gay and bisexual men. AIDS and Behavior, 9(1): 15-26. Abstract. PDF Download.

Yeka W, Maibani-Michie G, Prybylski D, Colby D (2006). Application of respondent driven sampling to collect baseline data on FSWs and MSM for HIV risk reduction interventions in two urban centres in Papua New Guinea. Journal of Urban Health, 83(6 Suppl): i60-72. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Zikratyy Y, et al. (2005). Assessment of men who have sex with men in Kiev and Donetsk region. Substance Abuse and AIDS Prevention Foundation. PDF Download.

Zou H, Wu Z, Yu J, Li M, Ablimit M, Li F, Pang L, Juniper N (2010). Sexual risk behaviors and HIV infection among men who have sex with men who use the internet in Beijing and Urumqi, China. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiemcy Syndromes, 53 Suppl 1: S81-7. PDF Download. PubMed Abstract.

Gay Men's Sexual Diaries: Reference Page for Full Text - PDF - Download of the Following Papers: `Something sensational ...' The Sexual Diary as tool for mapping detailed sexual behaviour, Sociological Review, 36 (2), 353-367 - The Numbers Game: Gay Lifestyles, Epidemiology and Social Science, in P Aggleton and H Homans, eds (1988) Social Aspects of Aids, London: Falmer - Patterns in Homosexual Relations: The Use of the Diary Method, in M Hubert, ed., Sexual Behaviour and Risks of HIV Infection, Brussels: Presse Saint Louis - The Structure of Sexual Behaviour, Journal of Sexual Research, 29 (1), 61-83 - Strategies in Eliciting Sensitive Sexual Information: the case of Gay Men, Sociological Review, 41 (3), 537-556 - Sex Role Separation in Sexual Diaries of Homosexual Men, Aids, 7 (6), 877-882 - No Connection Between Alcohol Use and Unsafe Sex Among Gay and Bisexual Men, AIDS 7(1): 115-119 - Diaries and Sexual Behaviour: The Use of Sexual Diaries As Method and Substance in Researching Gay Men's Response to HIV/Aids (ch 9), M. Boulton, ed. Methodological Studies in Aids Research, London: Falmer - Networks and Sex: some social contexts of  Gay Men's Response to HIV/Aids, in  R Parker and  John Gagnon, eds, Conceiving  Sexuality: Approaches to Sex Research in a Postmodern World, London: Routledge - Risk in Context: the use of sexual diary data to analyse sequences of homosexual risk behaviour, in H tem Brummelhuis and G Herdt, eds Culture and Sexual Risk: Anthropological Perspectives on Aids, Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis - Between the Sheets: Sexual Diaries and Gay Men's Sex in the Era of Aids, London: Cassell  -  Parallel accounts?  Discrepancies between self-report (diary) and recall (questionnaire) measures of the same sexual behaviour,  Aids Care 11(2) 22-234 - How many account for how much?  The concentration of high-risk sexual behaviour among gay men. Journal of Sex Research 37(1), 1-7.


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