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A GLBTQ EDUCATION
INTERNET RESOURCES
The Middle East to Asia (5):
Southeast Asia , Not Including Mekong Region

To BibliographyTo Dissertation Abstracts
 

Index: Asia & Middle East - Race/Ethnic Minority Issues: U.S., Canada, Europe,  New Zealand & AustraliaLatin America / Africa - Homosexuality:  Biological  or  Learned ? Public School Issues - Transgender / Tranvestite / Transsexual - Lesbian  &  Bisexual Women - Homo-Negativity / Phobia - Identity Formation  &  Coming Out - Counseling  &  Therapy - Professional Education  - Bisexuality - Religion   &  Spirituality - Male  Youth Prostitution - HIV-AIDS - Gay & Bisexual Male Suicide Problems - Drug / Alcohol Use / Abuse / Addiction  -  - GLBT  History - Community Attributes  &  Problems -Couples / Families / Children / Adoption / Spousal Violence - The Elderly

The Middle East to Asia:
Southeast Asia: Not Including Mekong Region

Full Text Papers!  - - AsiaPacifiQueer 3
Sexualities, Genders, And Rights in Asia: An International Conference of Asian Queer Studies
Bangkok, Thailand, July 8-10, 2005
Closing date for submitting paper and panel proposals: October 31, 2004

Section Index

Part 5 - Southeast Asia - Not Including Mekong Region (This Page): Singapore - Web Resources - Books. -- Malaysia - Web Resources - Books. -- Philippines - Web Resources - Books. -- Indonesia -- Burma -- Brunei -- Guam -- Nauru -- Full Text Papers.

Part 1 - Middle East to Central Asia: Central Asia: - Middle East / Eastern Mediterranean Region: - Iran -- Israel -- Palestine -- Lebanon -- Jordan -- Saudi Arabia -- Kuwait -- Iraq -- Bahrain -- Oman -- Yemen -- Syria -- Egypt -- Algeria -- Morocco -- Tunisia -- Turkey -- Cyprus -- Afghanistan -- Kazakhstan -- Kyrgyzstan -- Uzbekistan -- Turkmenistan-- Tajikistan.

Part 2 - South Asia: South Asia - Web Resources - Bibliographies - Books: - India - Films -- Bangladesh -- Nepal -- Sri Lanka -- Pakistan -- Bhutan -- Maldives -- Full Text Papers.

Part 3 - Northeast Asia: - China - History - Films - Web Resources. -- Hong Kong - Films - Web Resources. -- Taiwan  - Films - Web Resources. -- Tibet -- Mongolia -- South Korea - Web Resources. -- Japan - History  - Films - Web Resources - Books -- Full Text Papers.

Part 4 - Southeast Asia: Mekong Region: Vietnam - Web Resources - Books. -- Thailand - Web Resources - Books. -- Cambodia -- Laos -- Full Text Papers.

Part 6 - General Asian Resources --- International Issues & Resources.

Amnesty International: Hong Kong: LGBT Group
LGBT Group: Page Header...


The higher you build your barriers
The taller I become
The further you take my rights away
The faster I will run
You can deny me
You can decide to turn your face away
No matter 'cause there's
 Something inside so strong
I know that I can make it
Though you're doing me wrong, so wrong
You thought that my pride was gone... oh no
There's something inside so strong
Something inside so strong"
~~ extracted lyrics of ''Something Inside So Strong'' by Labi Siffre on "So Strong" ~~
© 1998 China Records Ltd.

To "The SEARCH Section" For...
The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Sexuality Policy Watch (2008): Position Paper on the Language of “Sexual Minorities” and the Politics of Identity.

SOUTHEAST ASIA (Not Including Mekong Region)

 
SINGAPORE  - Homosexuality in Sangapore. - Singapore: It's In to Be Out. - Singapore is Asia's new gay capital. - Gay culture comes out in conservative Singapore. - Singapore opens first help gay community centre. - Do Gays Have a Place in Singapore? - Sex Education In Our Schools. - Singapore Laws Pertaining to Gays. - Gay Law: Emancipation And Emasculation. - Gays don't count in Singapore. - A Singaporean Lesbian Speaks Up. - Singapore's Community to Celebrate Nation's Independence. - Signaling Towards a Gay Future: SiGNeL and the Singaporean Gay Community. - Socially conservative Singapore bans popular gay-oriented Taiwanese film. - Singapore bans gay website. - Singapore bans gay Web site, fines another. (Alternate Link- Singapore gay party to be held in Phuket: Ban forces festival to switch venues. - Annual Singapore gay party moves to Phuket after police ban. - Thailand wins as Singapore's brief gay fling grinds to a halt. - 'Brokeback Mountain' to Open Uncut in Singapore, Which Bans Gay Sex. - History of homosexuality in Singapore (2000s). - Gay Sexuality in Singaporean Chinese Popular Culture: Where Have All the Boys Gone? - Go Home, Gay Boy! Or, Why Do Singaporean Gay Men Prefer to “Go Home” and Not “Come Out”? (2011).

Creating a home for all in Singapore, video launched for Pink Dot 2013 (2013):  The theme of this year's LGBT 'freedom to love' event in Singapore, Pink Dot, is 'home', as shown in the campaign video launched yesterday. The video shows LGBT people searching for acceptance - an older gay man is prevented from visiting his partner in hospital, a transgender teen is bullied at school and a young woman's parents shut-down communication when they find out about her same-sex relationship. The film ends with at Pink Dot, where LGBT people and allies have gathered for one day a year over the last five years to show their support by wearing pink. The highly-professional and moving campaign videos for Pink Dot have been much anticipated since 2011's video Support the Freedom to Love and 2012's Someday. This year's film, like the previous two, is directed by Singaporean filmmaker Boo Junfeng whose debut feature film Sandcastle (2010) was the first from Singapore to be invited to the International Critics' Week at Cannes Film Festival. - Campaign to donate LGBT book to Singapore social services exceeds target in one weekend (2013): here are still 20 days to go on a crowd-funding campaign to raise money to send a book of stories of survival from LGBT Singaporeans to social service centers, but the project has raised double its intended target already.The campaign to send I Will Survive to Singapore's Family Service Centres (FSCs) exceeded its initial $1,000 (US dollars, €756) target during its first weekend on crowd-funding website Indiegogo. 'As a social worker myself, I know the importance of social service professionals having the right skills to do their work,' said the book's editor Leow Yangfa. 'June is traditionally LGBT Pride Month worldwide, and in Singapore, we will be coming together to celebrate the freedom to love at Pink Dot on 29 June 2013.

6,000 at Singapore Pride despite ban on homosexual sex. - Is there room for gay pride in Singapore? The responsibility to educate our straight friends starts from ourselves. - Singapore Bans Gay Photos: Singapore - At the opening of Singapore’s gay pride festival “IndigNation”, censors have banned an exhibition of photographs showing gays kissing. - Singapore Bans Gay Kissing Photos. - Sir Ian supports Singapore Pride as gay exhibition banned. - Ian McKellen wades into Singapore gay rights debate. - Singapore authorities ban lecture on gay sex laws by canadian professor. - Singapore Authorities Cancel Another indigNation Event. - Singapore park forbids gay-rights picnic, jog; says politics not welcome in green spaces. - Singapore Gay Pride Begins As Police Close Gay Art Exhibit. - More gay events banned in Singapore. - Singaporeans’ Attitudes toward Lesbians and Gay Men and their Tolerance of Media Portrayals of Homosexuality.

Singapore transsexual battles culture of shame (2007): She loves children and her lifelong dream is to be a wife and a mother, but the raspy voice and masculine frame betray the fact that Leona Lo was born a man. Unlike many other transsexuals in Asia who prefer to live privately because of the social stigma of sex change, the British-educated, Singaporean transsexual woman has chosen to live a normal life, but in public. Smart, confident and articulate, the communications specialist who heads her own public relations company has embarked on a mission to help turn around the "culture of shame" surrounding transsexuals in Singapore and the region. "Somewhere out there, not just in Singapore but throughout Asia, there are lots of young people who are suffering the way I suffered years ago," Leona, 32, tells AFP in an interview.

Asian Gay and Lesbian Network Slams Singapore's Gay Sex Prohibition. - Why do Singapore politicians remain silent on gay issues? - Singapore leader: Decriminalize gay sex. - Singapore reconsiders gay sex ban. - Prominent Gay Opponent appointed to Singapore Parliament. - Singapore Churchies Seek More Anti-Gay Prohibitions. - Lost in a fog of fear: If you follow the English-language media, you may get the impression that there is solid opposition to the decriminalisation of homosexuality. I will point out here why we need to be careful how we read what we read (or hear)... - Half of younger Singaporeans consider homosexuality "acceptable". - Patrick's Gay Singapore 1965-1984.

Developing LGBT Affirmative Support Groups within Singaporean Postmodernity (Clarence Singam, Oogachaga Community Development) (2005, Abstract, Must Scroll: PDF Download. Full text): "Singapore today, stands between modernity and post-modernity where contradictory narratives of identity battle for dominance. Two increasingly dominant narratives are that of the nation as a successful economic entity and that of Christian fundamentalism. The former asserts that Singapore’s survival requires her to become a creative society open to diverse ideas. However this requires celebrating diversity; including sexual diversity. Thus the issue of gay freedom of expression has been a focal point in the public debate on societal diversity. This push towards diversity has however thrown segments of Singapore’s population into identity crises. It has resulted in the growth of a minority though vociferous Christian fundamentalism that adopts the discourses of the religious right wing in the United States. Vocal segments of this population believe they are divinely mandated to stem the rise of lesbigay acceptance in Singapore. These battles are often fought in the public sphere via the discourses of Asian and family values, sexual abstinence as the primary anti-HIV message and allowing religious voices in the political space. This paper will trace the evolution of gay support groups within this terrain of meta-narrative conflicts. It will explore the types of support groups in existence, the strategies employed in planting and nurturing these groups, the obstacles faced and the impact these groups have had on the Singaporean discourse on diversity. The paper will explore the development of religious and social activity based lesbigay affirmative support groups as well as recent community experimentation on straight-gay partnerships."

Letter to the people of Singapore: I am a homosexual Singaporean who has been in a loving and committed same-sex relationship for almost ten years. My partner and I currently live overseas because we sought for ourselves a better life in a progressive society more accepting of us. Despite the pain of losing direct access to our dear friends and family, and the continued revulsion of our "chosen" lifestyle by the conservative religious community who also exist here, we have nevertheless found a new and happier existence in this foreign land. If nothing else, we are comforted by laws here that affirm our right to exist as equals, regardless of skin colour, creed or sexual orientation... As Singaporeans, we constantly recite a pledge to uphold ourselves as "one united people, regardless of race, language or religion". With the Women’s Charter having already been enacted by the time this pledge was composed in 1966 and the issue of sexual orientation yet to surface, additional dividers of egalitarian ideals such as gender, sexual orientation and physical ability were omitted, perhaps deemed unnecessary then. But 40 years later, they remain as valid in any mature society around the world. I want to believe that the Government and people of Singapore will become enlightened enough to provide homosexuals like myself with not just a place in its richly diverse, forward-looking, multi-faceted and humane society but also a legitimate and dignified existence. - Serving Singapore as a gay man - Part 1: A personal experience of disclosing homosexuality to the Singapore Armed Forces (Part 2).

TOH Heng Guan (2011, Draft). Constructing Masculinity in Southeast Asian LGBT Discourse. Paper presented at the ISA Asia-Pacific Regional Section Inaugural Conference 2011. PDF Download N/A. Download Page N/A (New Link). Since the first Pride march after the Stonewall incident in 1969, LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) discourses, from formal academic works and social movements to gay fashions and LGBT travel guides, have thrived in many parts of the globe. While some suggest that these movements have brought together an expanded space for the Southeast Asian LGBT community and improved the societal status and welfare of LGBTs in this region (Heng, 2001; First ASEAN LGBTIQ Caucus, 2011), this paper argues that, because LGBT discourses in this part of the world have remained largely focused on a male-based homonormativity derived from patriarchal heteronormative beliefs of the West and other cultural inheritances such as Confucianism and traditional values, these movements have reinforced the constriction of LGBT people rather than bringing them sexual or gender freedom. Via ethnographical surveys, analysis of LGBT-related official discourses (e.g. government stances), public discourses (including op-eds and magazine articles), as well as social discourses (such as Internet chatrooms and discussion forums), this paper attempts to chart the constructions of masculinity often hidden behind Southeast Asian LGBT discourses, and suggests potential directions for a more indigenous LGBT discourse in Southeast Asia by drawing upon a case study based in Singapore.

Hawking in the Creative City: Rice Rhapsody, sexuality and the cultural politics of New Asia in Singapore (2007): This paper critically examines how a regional queer Asian culture has emerged in Singapore as a result of its creative industry developments. Unlike the sex tourism of gay Bangkok or the social movement of queer Taiwan, queer Singapore is created by cultural and media policies, and gay and lesbian entrepreneurship. In a country that prosecutes homosexuality, queer commerce has flourished. The city-state is now recognised in the mainstream and the subculture as the new regional Mardi Gras centre of Asia. Queer Singapore shows how sexual recognition is constituted, not through the post-Stonewall politics of sexual rights, but through what I will argue as theFoucauldian ethics of identity.

Singapore rejects gay group: (Alternate Link, Must Scroll) "Singapore's Registrar of Societies refused to register the gay organization People Like Us on March 31 and ordered its members to cease activity..." Singapore bans gay seminars: Literature. - Gay lecture series in singapore cancelled. - Police refuse permit for public lectures on gays. - Singapore: Asia's new gay capital? - Boys Night Out: We're here. We're queer. Get used to it. Can Singapore accept its gay community? (Alternate Link). On the streets and between the sheets what it means to be gay in straight-laced Singapore. - Transgender people in Singapore. - Singapore: a woman with a past: As my friend Russell Heng remarked, "Even when Singapore does something right, nobody knows, and they don't get any credit for it." I suspect the Singapore government doesn't want anyone to know. They may think it embarrassing that there was ever a time when they were liberal-minded. In these days when the government takes pride in their homophobia, this stain on their past behaviour is best hidden away. Just like a woman with a past.

Singapore threatens gay magazine. - Manazine manacled. - Ministry warns gay magazine. - Man of Zines: Adriaan Nijen Twilhaar. - Outrage over gay exposés in s'pore tabloid. - fridae 'presents' Singapore's top lesbian icon. - No longer 'herstory': Herstory, Singapore’s longest-running monthly lesbian party is back with a new party on Dec. 22 after a brief hiatus and a brand new website. - Quietly, Singapore lifts its ban on hiring gays. - Singapore letting gays halfway out of the closet. - Singapore churches protest govt’s change of policy in hiring gays. - S'pore eases censorship rules for gay-themed films among others. - Sexual Morality Oppression.

Chasing the White man syndrome, part 1 (Part 2): The situation in Singapore is probably less evident than countries with a predominantly white population such as Australia or USA where gay asians face the situation commonly known as Sexual Racism. In these countries, some gay asians report facing sexual discrimination by white men who tend to date within their own race. Asians, on the other hand, shun their own race and go for Caucasians. The result is a situation in which young gay asians go out with older western men, whom the white younger gay men have lost interest in. In Singapore, some Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) are also only attracted to white guys. They are tagged as SPG; and the acronym stands for Sarong Party Gay (Gay in this case could refer to bisexuals as well); and is perceived by certain segments of the community as a negative lot... - Minority Race Homosexuals in Singapore: We know what follows is a generalisation. It has to be. There is little research on homosexuality in Singapore; one has to rely on anecdotal evidence and one's own experience of belonging to a minority. We believe that negative feelings amongst the Chinese population as a whole towards minorities in Singapore, has influenced homosexual politics. There is no denying that in everyday life, Indians and Malays are stereotyped to an extent that is both derisive and insulting...

On Minorities: 'racism' in Singapore's gay community: It’s a common complaint you hear from some people who’ve been in chat rooms. After a few minutes of conversation, the other side doesn’t respond anymore, the IRC equivalent of a line going dead. “It happens when I tell them what race I am.” ... This is an issue that often plagues many minority and liberal communities. At stake is what can be termed a ‘politics of equivalence’? What this means is that members of different minority communities should be able to form coalitions based on shared experiences. Their similar experiences of marginalization should form the grounds of some kind of empathy. The key word here however is ‘should’. In real life, the distinctions take precedence, and very rarely the commonalities... Lest this whole article sounds as if I’m using Yusoff’s words as ventriloquism, I’d like to relate my own personal experiences. When first coming out, it was of course disheartening to encounter suspended conversations on IRC the moment I had mentioned my race. My initial excitement at membership into a community I could call home was replaced by self–consciousness: I had never been as constantly reminded of my ethnicity than in a gay chat room. I was, in effect, a minority within a minority.... Comment: ooohh... great conversation topics... i wish this written rite in front page of the local newspaper!...hehe... Yeah rite i have been reading of SG govt claiming to have "GRACIOUS" society?.. Such ridicule even foreigners are laughing their butts off!!!... We can't even say "please" and "thank you" pleasantly, forget about graciously?! ...haha... and you guys sure knows whom i refer to?...

Any boy bars in Singapore? - The leech on the trannie's bum - a Scottish newspaper does a feature on Singapore, and without fail, Bugis Street comes up. - Straits Times editorial: Gay tolerance. - The lack of accurate representation of gay males in the mainstream Asian Media: An Asiaweek example. - Peers called him "sissy", so boy killed himself. - Focus on the family to hold ‘reparative therapy’ seminar in Singapore.

ICAS3 - a conference in the quarantine zone: "Perhaps the 60 - 80 queer scholars who came in for the conference were the largest group of queer academics ever on Singapore soil at the same time. Many felt that the theme of sexuality and transgenderism probably had more papers than any other theme... " - Singapore's AIDS activist dies. - Web Cloaks AIDS Chat in Strait-Laced Singapore. - Results of the AfA (Singapore) MSM survey announced.- More HIV infections seen in MSM in s’pore. - Retrospective study on MSM patients in Singapore. - Survey to gauge sexual health-related knowledge and behaviour in s’pore MSM. - s’pore gay group plans forum. - First ever GLBT community centre in s'pore opens.

Fridae Magazine: Asia's Gay + Lesbian Network: Fridae speaks to Benedict Jacob-Thambiah: "We need a sense of belonging. I cannot speak for Asia but I think the gay scene in Singapore needs to accept the diversity of the community in terms of its cultural make-up,  sexual diversity eg transgendered persons etc. There is so much richness in all our identities. We cannot move forward as a people if we are disunited and ashamed or embarrassed of our community..." - Homosexuality: How the economics and politics of Singapore have shaped the Anglican Diocese and its role in the Province of South East Asia. - Interview with Glen Goei: "Glen Goei (pronounced "Gwee") born and raised in Singapore, graduated from Cambridge in England and won the lead role opposite Anthony Hopkins in M. Butterfly. He's produced and directed several stage plays, "That's the Way I Like It" is his feature film directing debut." - Gay movies still a no-go in s’pore. - Singapore bans film with gay theme. - First gay erotic art exhibition in Singapore. - Baby Dykehood in Singapore. - Singapore gay history (2012)

Is it true that consensual homosex is no longer prosecuted? - The arrests at One Seven and Section 20. - The nonsense about society defending itself from harm. - 'Asian' means we have to live with hypocrisy and paralysis. - Time is ripe to look at laws... after PM Goh’s remarks about the status of gays. - Remaking Singapore - the homosexuality thread. - A military intelligence report. - GLBTQ: Singapore. - Queer films come out behind closed doors.

The life of a gay Singaporean: Joehan's Web. - Growing up gay in Singapore is about standing outside yourself and watching a simulacrum inhabit your body, your actions, your words. - Gay and Lesbian Asia: Culture, Identity, Community [Journal of Homosexuality, 40(3/4): PDF Download]: Title of Paper: Tiptoe out of the closet: the before and after of the increasingly visible gay community in Singapore (Full Text). - Gay and Lesbian Asia: Culture, Identity, Community - 2001 - edited by Gerard Sullivan and Peter A. Jackson (Amazon). - Writing Singapore Gay Identities: Queering the Nation in Johann S. Lee's Peculiar Chris and Andrew Koh's Glass Cathedral.

Guan, TOH Heng (2011, Draft). Constructing Masculinity in Southeast Asian LGBT DiscoursePDF Download N/A. Download Page N/A (New Link). Via ethnographical surveys, analysis of LGBT-related official discourses (e.g. government stances), public discourses (including op-eds and magazine articles), as well as social discourses (such as Internet chatrooms and discussion forums), this paper attempts to chart the constructions of masculinity often hidden behind Southeast Asian LGBT discourses, and suggests potential directions for a more indigenous LGBT discourse in Southeast Asia by drawing upon a case study based in Singapore... It seems undeniable that in Singapore a higher number of gay men than lesbian women adopt patriarchal heteronormativity as the ideal model of a same-sex relationship, and have experienced difficulty in finding a partner. Some of my informants told me that the entire Trevvy chatroom is full of “bottoms” and lack of “tops”. Some even feel that they would have to introduce themselves as “top” to even start a chat with anyone. Paradoxically, however, “bottom” is always associated with “effeminate” by Singaporean gay men, and “effeminate” is deemed as unattractive by gay men who like “men” only...If gays have demanded their sexuality be accepted and their right to love someone of the same sex, by extension, should not a bisexual’s concurrent love for a man and a woman be accepted? Or should they conform to the monogamous monosexuality of the homonormative order? My ethnographical survey thus far indicates that bisexuals have to blend into either the lesbian and gay world; there is no space specifically for bisexuals in Singapore’s LGBT community. Lesbians, however, seem to be more tolerant towards bisexuals, judging from the higher number of bisexuals in their circle compared to that of the gay men. As for transgenders/transvestites/transsexuals, according to my informant, they are even less visible in the LGBT community as most of them tend to assimilate into the heterosexual crowd after their gender transition, especially for transsexuals...

Tan, Kok Kee (2011). Stand up for Singapore? Gay men and the cultural politics of national belonging in the Lion City. PhD. Dissertation, Antropology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. PDF Download. Download Page. This dissertation ethnographically examines how Chinese-Singaporean gay men articulate their aspirations for national belonging within a recalcitrant state and its nation-building programs. These men expose the artificiality of the nation and its categories of belonging. Even as the state compels them to submit to its call for economic and biological (re)productivity, it also chastises them for their allegedly excessive individualism. Yet, in the corporeal spaces of everyday life, they navigate a social landscape structured by the very real practices of an authoritarian state that criminalizes their sexuality. By ethnographically charting how gay men comply with and resist discourses and practices that position them both inside and outside their nation, I argue that the illiberal state achieves its political legitimacy by successfully convincing citizens that only it can secure Singapore's continuous economic growth. I further assert that within Singapore's strongly communitarian political framework, gay citizens who stress their commonalities with their non-gay counterparts tend to attain more social acceptance than those who focus solely on their sexuality.

Tan KP, Jin GLJ (2007). Imagining the Gay Community in Singapore. Critical Asian Studies, 39(2): 179-204. Abstract. PDF Download. Through an analysis of public responses to two separate but related events in contemporary Singapore - a church's claim that “homosexuals can change” and a former prime minister's published comments about openly gay civil servants in his administration - this article explores how a “gay community” has been imagined in Singapore, where homosexual acts remain illegal and where a “conservative majority” has been ideologically mobilized by the state and moral-religious entrepreneurs. A close reading of the debates within SiGNeL (the Singapore Gay News List) and the local mass media reveals ideological struggles - and, in particular, gay activists' role in these struggles - surrounding a basic contradiction between Singapore's exclusionary laws and practices and official state rhetoric about active citizenship, social diversity, and gradual liberalization. This rhetoric is aimed primarily at attracting foreign talent and retaining mobile Singaporean talent in a globally integrated economy that is increasingly dependent upon creativity and innovation.

Book Review: Singapore Queers In The 21st Century. - Book Review. - Review. - safe singapore: Look out for SAFE Singapore, a new support group for straight family and friends of GLBT people with an upcoming website launch on Saturday, Dec 9 at Mox Bar. Fridae talks to Dr Khoo Hoon Eng, a co-founder of the group and a supportive mother of two gay sons.

First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies (2005): Papers available for download. - The 2005 Conference Abstracts: Many of these possible papers were either not presented or not made avaible as full text papers (PDF Download) (Alternate Link). - Titles for abstracts of these paper: related to Singapore: - Developing LGBT Affirmative Support Groups within Singaporean Postmodernity (Clarence Singam, Oogachaga Community Development).

Gender & Sexuality: Performance and Representations in Asia (Conference, Singapore, 2012): Abstracts: We ‘Other Singaporeans’:How can we talk about Queer Singapore and Queer Singapore Cinema without succumbing to the language of repression? Singapore is a repressive, autocratic society, seemingly, that denies the rights to full personhood of certain of its citizens through the prohibition of certain sex acts and censorship of certain expressions—especially in regard to gay male sex and popular film. However, by interrogating the intersection of the “377A debate”—the debate over the law prohibiting male same-sex relations—and the production, distribution, exhibition, and reception of two recent films—Female Games (Kan Lume/2009) and Solos (Zihan Loo and Kan Lume/2007)—this paper tests the assumptions of repression in the Singapore context. While 377A (and attendant laws) prohibit gay sex in Singapore, the government has stated it will not enforce the law. While the MDA film censorship code bans all “positive portrayals” of homosexuality on screen, it has approved Female Games (with positive images of a lesbian relationship) for public screening but banned all screenings and sales of DVD versions of Solos (with ambivalent images of a multi-generational gay relationship). Such contradictory responses have generated a good deal of local debate over State censorship and restriction, legal challenges of 377A and MDA’s regulations, and the growth local queer activities—such as IndigNation and pinkdot. In this way, the very prohibitions have worked to produce, rather than repress, a public discourse of sex in and around Queer Singapore and Queer Singapore Cinema. 

Resource Links: - SGBoy N/A. - Trevvy. - SGBoy Articles. - Singapore Queers in the 21st Century.- Articles from Yawning Bread (Singapore). - OurSafeHaven.com. - Gay Singaporean Internet Community. - Susana Marques Transgender Directory for Singapore. - Singaporean Gay Teens. - MadeInSingapore.net's GLB Resources. -  Southeast Asia Web's Gay and Lesbian Resources Page. - AsiaObserver.com: Search for GLBT Info. - GLBTQ Asian Books. - Google Directory: Singapore GLBT.

Gay Singapore 1996  - 2006 (Global Gayz): - News/Reports 1996-07. - ILGA Report.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country: - Asia: Afghanistan. - Bangladesh. - Bhutan. - Brunei Darussalam. - Cambodia. - China. - India.- Indonesia. - Japan. - Lao. - Malaysia. - Maldives. - Mongolia. - Mongolia. - Myanmar. - Nepal. - North Korea (DPRK). - Pakistan. - Philippines. - Singapore. - South Korea (ROK). - Sri Lanka. - Thailand. - Timor-Leste. - Viet Nam.

Utopia's Singapore Resources. - Pridelinks. - Gayscape

Books:Peculiar Chris - 1992 - by Johann S. Lee (First gay novel by a gay Singaporean: Peculiar Chris by Johann S. Lee.) - The Rainbow Connection: the Internet and the Singapore gay community - 1999 - by Ng King Kang  (Related Article) (Amazon.com Reference) - Bite Hard - 1997 - by Justin Chin (10 Sample Pages) (The Author) - People Like Us: Sexual Minorities in Singapore - 2003 - edited by Lo, Joseph & Huang Guoqin (Book Review) (Review: Breaking Taboos).

Utopia Guide to Singapore, Malaysia & Indonesia: the Gay and Lesbian Scene in 60+ Cities Including Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, Johor Bahru and the Islands of Bali and Penang - 2006 - by John Goss. GLBT Guide to Gay & Lesbian Life in Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia: Which country is home to Asia's fastest growing openly homosexual sub-culture? Would you believe tiny Singapore? With more than 30 openly gay businesses in the tourist-friendly Chinatown neighborhood alone, Singaporean entrepreneurs are feeling free enough to fuel a huge boom in the city-state's pink economy... Commenting on the surprising abundance of gay life in a very conservative region, Singaporean gay activist, Alex Au, writes in the book's preface, "The reason for this contradiction may be because, despite the political or religious rhetoric, at the social level, the people of these countries are tolerant and hospitable." ... But despite growing advances in personal freedoms, activists in all three countries continue to encounter official obstacles. In 2006 Singapore government officials awarded a large grant of public money to a homophobic Christian group that attempts to straighten out gays. In March this year Kuala Lumpur police tried to crack down on businesses that cater to gay customers by fining owners for petty license violations, bringing criticism from local AIDS/HIV educators...


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!  
 

MALAYSIA - Malaysia? No gays here! - 'Homosexuality is a Crime Worse Than Murder': Interview with Malaysia's morality police. - A "scary/gross" expose on gay cruising from the Malay-language newspaper. - Being Muslim and Homosexual in Malaysia; Gays and Moslem Society. - Malay responses to homosexuality. - Malaysians protest UN resolution on sexual orientation. - Mahathir attacks gays and ‘western’ culture. - Malaysia: A two-faced society. - A Malaysian transvestite talks about his life in heels. - LBTQ Lives:  Popho Earthwind. - The Malaysian Gay & Lesbian Club. - Malaysia to Block Planned Gay Church:  Muslim-majority Malaysia will block a plan by the country's first and only openly gay pastor to establish a church embracing homosexuals, bisexuals and transsexuals, a minister said Monday... - Malaysia's first gay film a box office hit (2011). - If Malaysia wants to be respected as a democracy, it must stop persecuting sexual minorities (2011). - Serial gang-attacks on transgender women in Malaysia (2012): At least 13 transsexuals have been attacked over the last six months in Kuantan, Pahang, according to a local media report.

Malaysia transsexual who lost name fight dies (2011): A 25-year-old transsexual who lost a court battle in Muslim-majority Malaysia to change his name to that of a woman has died, a report citing heart problems said Sunday. On July 18, a high court in conservative eastern Terengganu state ruled that a person's sex was determined at birth so Ashraf Hafiz Abdul Aziz could not change the name on his identity card to that of a female. The Sunday Star newspaper said Ashraf was admitted to a hospital on Friday for low blood pressure and chest pains, having earlier suffered a bout of vomiting and dizzy spells. Ashraf, a former pharmaceutical assistant who underwent a full sex-change operation in neighboring Thailand in 2008, was born with an abnormally small penis, and died on Friday due to a heart problem, doctors said.- Malaysian transsexual vows to fight for her rights (2011). - Malaysian transgender singer fined for being ‘feminine’ (2012): Islamic court fines transgender woman after she ‘repents’ ... Malaysian transgender singer Hafiz Jeffri was fined by the Islamic Syariah high court for ‘dressing in women’s clothing and having feminine mannerisms’. The singer, also known as Kajol, ‘repented’ and had a prison sentence reduced to a 1,000 Malaysian Ringgit ($313, €250), government-owned newspaper The Star reported.

LGBT Rights in Malyasia. - Malaysia's laws on gay sex need to be amended: Anwar. - Malaysia stands by anti-sodomy law. - Gays persecuted in Malaysia - Singapore. - Anti-homosexuality law outdated but set to stay. - United Nations Ill-Advised on Homosexual Laws. - Group Against Homosexuality Formed in Kuala Lumpur. - Anti-gay movement in Malasia - to "educate" the public about the dangers of homosexuality N/A. - Malaysia says No to Brokeback Mountain. - Gay Asia News by Utopia: Malay Press Reports Fuel Police Crack Down on Gay Clubs:  Human rights in Malaysia took another downturn today as the English-language newspaper, The Malay Mail, used their front page to equate homosexuals with prostitutes. Referring to recent high profile police raids on Kuala Lumpur discos, spas and saunas popular with gay men, the paper used local slang to slur the country's gay citizens: "Round-up of the Day! Chicks [female prostitutes], Ducks [male prostitutes] and Gays." ...

Gay ministers barred, Malaysia tells UK. - Over and out: anti-gay Malaysian culture sent doctor to Sydney. - ..Anwar has engaged in homosexual acts - anathema in this predominantly Muslim nation [Malaysia], where sodomy is a crime. - Malaysia's Anwar Ibrahim Sentenced to Nine Years. - Federal Court allows Anwar's appeal . - Mahathir sacked Anwar to prevent Malaysia having 'gay' PM. (Alternate Link) - Anwar sues Mahathir for gay 'slur'. - Malaysia court dismisses Anwar suit over Mahathir's 'gay' accusation. - Anwar's lawsuit over gay slur by former Malaysian premier is dismissed. - Kuala Lumpur Malaysia is an awesome gay city!

Gay Malaysia: Coming Out in the Open. (Alternate Link) - Comming out in Malaysia: "When Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim was arrested last year on charges of sodomizing  his driver, shockwaves were sent through the gay communities in Malaysia.  Since that time, however, the action - which has proven to be political in nature rather than an honest effort to enforce Islamic laws - has backfired by strengthening the will of the gays in Malaysia and bringing discussions of homosexuality into the open - even on to the front pages of the nation's most respected and conservative newspapers." Gay Malaysia Articles: Anwar may be in jail for alleged sodomy, but Malaysia is growing more tolerant of its gay community. - "Homosexuality Is A Crime Worse Than Murder." Interview with Malaysia's Morality Police. -  ‘During the Anwar Trial it Was Easy to Get Lucky’; Interview with openly gay journalist Ashley Lee. (Alternate Link)

Women in Action: Moving sexuality rights in Malaysia into the new millennium. - Out Of the Closet And Into the Courtroom? Some Reflections on Sexuality Rights in Malaysia by AR: "Never before in Malaysia has homosexuality received so much press coverage, been so much in the public eye, as in the last few months. Thus, despite the best efforts of parents and teachers everywhere to shelter young people from knowledge of "unnatural sexual activities," it is likely that any one old enough to read the papers will have some idea of what sodomy or 'liwat' entails - and some idea, therefore, that straight or heterosexual sex is not the only mode of sexual expression." - Exiles in the Heartland. - "GLQ in Malaysia: LGBT Studies, Censorship, and Other Transnational Problems".

Malaysia - Demographic Characteristics of Adolescents (PDF Download): "Another study carried out nationwide at the end of 1996 among 30,233 secondary level students (aged 13-18) in 881 classes from 708 schools revealed that 1.8% were engaged in sexual activities (Second National Health and Morbidity Survey, Ministry of Health, 1997). Of these, 63.2% were heterosexual, 19.9% homosexual (male and male), 6.2% lesbian, and 8.4% had sex with both male and female sex workers." - Shall we dance? [Hopefully this proposal won’t end up being gay bars.But hey, wouldn’t this be a blessing for the liberalists and fundamentalists. Killing two birds with one stone.] Kelantan Menteri Besar Datuk Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat has given the green light for the setting up of discos in the state, as long as Islamic rules — as stipulated by Pas state government — are adhered to. He said he was not opposed to dancing in discos but it must be between members of the same sex...

Why homosexuals marry but lead double life N/A: "THE fear of being stigmatised as a “pondan, bapok or Mak Nyah” has caused many homosexuals to lead a double life but secretly continue having lesbian or gay relationships, said Universiti Sains Malaysia Assoc Prof Ismail Baba. He said due to societal and family pressures, many of them got married to avoid suspicion but secretly continued to have homosexual relationships. Based on his case study of a gay couple, he said, Azlan, 38, a civil servant, and Ramli, 40, a mechanic, (not their real names) had been in a secret relationship for eight years. “During their relationship, Ramli had three failed marriages which were all arranged due to strong pressures from his “straight” (heterosexual) friends...Assoc Prof Ismail said such scenario could be found almost anywhere in Malaysia, especially big cities such as Kuala Lumpur, Penang, Ipoh and Johor... “Homosexuals who are highly educated are more rational in their own thinking and assessment of what is right and wrong about being a gay or lesbian,” he said. - Cruising Mat Motor: Malay biker masculinity and queer desire in/through KL Menjerit.

Silent Runs Around the Sapphic Bush (Angela Kuga Thas, (KRYSS) Knowledge & Rights with Young people through Safer Spaces, Malaysia) (Abstract, Must Scroll: PDF Download. Full text): "Young women who love women (WWLW) in Malaysia may not prioritise the need to legitimately establish their sexual identity in overt actions as in the demand for sexual rights, but they do persist in seeking opportunities to creatively negotiate the right to individual sexual agency in order to remain true to ‘who they really are.’ In a qualitative research conducted in 2004 with young urbanized and reasonably educated WWLW between the ages of 20 to 29, I found that their first same-sex relationship with a woman is usually with a fellow Malaysian, witnessing that sexuality of whatever orientation, evolves at home. The sexuality of young WWLW seems to lie on an interaction of continuums that constantly evolve. What we are usually shown are factors of influence, but the resulting outcomes of these influences which constantly vary due to the differing levels of closetedness, the levels of secrecy, the levels of silence, the levels of acceptance, the duality of the WWLW’s identity, the levels of discrimination are what determines the actions of young WWLW in exercising their individual sexual agency. The same-sex relationships of young WWLW were found to be more egalitarian than heterosexual ones, and gender inequality and unequal power dynamics manifested at a much lower scale. In reviewing existing frameworks and developing one to be more suitable for WWLW, the issue of gender becomes more central as a basis of formation and evolution for all of the other elements of sexuality."

Homosexuality And The Church Dialogue: "With the prevalent emergence of the homosexual culture seeking to gain social acceptance as a category of people who are different but normal, how do you think the church in Malaysia should respond to such a situation? ...Q. Is the homosexual dilemma reversible? To what extent can a person turn from such tendencies? Yes, change is possible. We have seen brothers and sisters who were once struggling and are now happily married. The recovery process depends very much on the individual?s motivation to change, their personal discipline and obedience in following God?s word. Some may take one to two years, others need longer time, and still others get done in eternity.

Transsexualism in Malaysia: Survey of prevalence; Efforts of Government to Provide Assistance; A Compilation of Recent News Articles.Angie Ng: malaysia cross dressing and transgender. - Malaysia won't certify transsexual's wedding. - Malaysia Voids Transsexual's Marriage. - Plight of the Third Gender: Transsexuals bemoan lack of acceptance.

The History of the Transsexual Community in Malaysia (Yik Koon Teh, Universiti Utara Malaysia) (Abstract, Must Scroll: PDF Download. Full text): "This panel will have three speakers discussing the development of the lesbian, gay and transsexual community in Malaysia from the British colonial period until present day. Each of the communities has its own unique development under the multiple influences of industrialization, urbanization, and globalization within the local socio-cultural and political environment. However, it is agreed that the political development of Malaysia, particularly its Islamisation policy, has the greatest impact on the development of the three communities as social and legal barriers are implemened based on this policy. The transsexual community, being the most visible, faces the most discrimination and challenges. This panel will also discuss the organisation of the three communities and the relationship between them. The PT Foundation (formally known as Pink Triangle), a non-governmental HIV/AIDS organization, will be specifically referred to as it was instrumental in bringing together the three communities under its organisation. The establishment of various virtual groups via the Internet will also be discussed. Despite the availability and the increase in the number of subculture groups, there is little contact and cooperation among the three communities. Moreover, majority of these social groups are situated in major towns and cities where access to the Internet requires computer literacy. As such, only certain sections of the communities have access to these facilities. The poor, rural and uneducated or those with little education are left out. Overall, the development/movement of the LGT communities in Malaysia is still behind when compared to their neighbours in Singapore or Thailand."

Teh, Yik Koon (2008). HIV-related needs for safety among male-to-female transsexuals (mak nyah) in Malaysia. Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, 5(4): 177-185. PDF Download. This research, commissioned by the Malaysian AIDS Council in 2007, is qualitative and descriptive in nature. In depth face-to-face interviews were carried out with 15 mak nyah respondents from five major towns. The interviews were guided by an interview schedule that had seven main topics: brief background; hormone-taking behaviour; safe sex; health care; substance abuse; harassment from authorities; and HIV prevention. The HIV problem among the mak nyah, mak nyah sex workers and their clients is critical. Many do not have in-depth HIV/AIDS knowledge and do not practise safe sex. The problem gets worse when most mak nyah do not consider HIV/AIDS as a primary concern because of other pressing problems like employment and discrimination. There are also no HIV prevention activities in many parts of Malaysia. Mak nyah also face constant harassment from enforcement authorities for prostitution. This hampers HIV prevention work... HIV prevention work among the mak nyah community should not only be about having prevention activities, but include dealing with other mak nyah-related problems like discrimination, unemployment, persecution by authorities, lack of confidence and low self-esteem. As long as these other problems are not dealt with, HIV prevention work will never be successful among the mak nyah community. Besides this, the mak nyah community should not be singled out as one of the high-risk groups. The general public is also a high-risk group as they do not practise safe sex when they seek the services of sex workers. As long as the authorities do not accept these issues and address the problems, HIV/AIDS cases will continue to increase in the country.

First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies (2005): Papers available for download. - The 2005 Conference Abstracts: Many of these possible papers were either not presented or not made avaible as full text papers (PDF Download) (Alternate Link). - Titles for abstracts of these paper: related to Malaysia:  - Mapping Awk(queer)ness in the 21st Century Malaysian Literary Landscape (Nasirin Bin Abdillah, University of Malaya).  - The History of the Lesbian, Gay & Trans-sexual Communities in Malaysia (Hang Kuen Chua, Universiti Sains Malaysia). - Dreaming of Mat Motor: Malay Biker Masculinity in a Queer Eye in/through KL Menjerit (Dr David Chong Lim, National University of Singapore). - The History of the Transsexual Community in Malaysia (Yik Koon Teh, Universiti Utara Malaysia). - Silent Runs Around the Sapphic Bush (Angela Kuga Thas, (KRYSS) Knowledge & Rights with Young people through Safer Spaces, Malaysia). - Sexual Citizenship and Transnational Mobility: A Sexual Minority Perspective from Malaysia (Yuen-mei Wong, University of Malaya).  

Resource Links: - Utopia's Malaysian Resources & Travel Tips. - Gay Places Guide - Malaysia. - Dragoncastle's Gay Asia: Malaysia Resources. (Alternate Link) -  Malaysian Gay & Lesbian Club. - Sticky Rice: Malaysia. - Gay Capital KL. - Grey Gay Guide - Malaysia. - Out in Malaysia. - Good As You(In 2004): News(In 2004). - MGLC's Selected Bibliography of Malaysian Authors.

Gay Malaysia (Global Gayz): - News/Reports 1998-07. - ILGA Report. - The Eastgarden. - Sodomy Laws: Malaysia.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country: - Asia: Afghanistan. - Bangladesh. - Bhutan. - Brunei Darussalam. - Cambodia. - China. - India.- Indonesia. - Japan. - Lao. - Malaysia. - Maldives. - Mongolia. - Mongolia. - Myanmar. - Nepal. - North Korea (DPRK). - Pakistan. - Philippines. - Singapore. - South Korea (ROK). - Sri Lanka. - Thailand. - Timor-Leste. - Viet Nam.

QRD malaysia Resources. - Gayscape. - Gayscape Lesbian. - Pridelinks. - Google Links.

Books:Amazon to Zami: Towards a Global Lesbian Feminism (Sexual Politics) - 1996 - edited by M. Reinfelder. Contains: "Queering the State: Towards a Lesbian Movement in Malaysia." by Rais Nur and A.R: 169-177. - Female Desires: Same-Sex Relations and Transgender Practices Across Cultures - edited by Evelyn Blackwood (Home Page) and Saskia E. Wieringa (Abstract & Table of Contents) (Amazon) (Review N/A) Contains: "Women's Sexuality and the Discourse on Asian Values: Cross-Dressing in Malaysia" by Tan Beng Hui: 281-307. - The Mak Nyahs: Malaysian Male to Female Transsexuals - 2003 - by Yik Koon Teh and Teh Yik Koon. - Utopia Guide to Malaysia (2nd Edition): the Gay and Lesbian Scene in 17 Cities Including Kuala Lumpur, Penang, Johor Bahru and Langkawi - 2007 - by John Goss.

Utopia Guide to Singapore, Malaysia & Indonesia: the Gay and Lesbian Scene in 60+ Cities Including Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, Johor Bahru and the Islands of Bali and Penang - 2006 - by John Goss. GLBT Guide to Gay & Lesbian Life in Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia: But which country do gay Singaporean's think has the hottest scene going? They point to their neighbor, Malaysia. Indeed, though still largely underground, Malaysia's gays and lesbians have a steadily growing number of restaurants, clubs, spas and gyms that openly welcome them and world-class venues are popping up in even small cities like Penang and Kota Kinabalu... Commenting on the surprising abundance of gay life in a very conservative region, Singaporean gay activist, Alex Au, writes in the book's preface, "The reason for this contradiction may be because, despite the political or religious rhetoric, at the social level, the people of these countries are tolerant and hospitable." ... But despite growing advances in personal freedoms, activists in all three countries continue to encounter official obstacles. In 2006 Singapore government officials awarded a large grant of public money to a homophobic Christian group that attempts to straighten out gays. In March this year Kuala Lumpur police tried to crack down on businesses that cater to gay customers by fining owners for petty license violations, bringing criticism from local AIDS/HIV educators...


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available! 
 

PHILIPPINES - Gay pride on the air. - Male Homosexual Culture of the Philippines. - Gay Group Gives Fernan A Mouthful. (Alternate Link) - Lesbian movement emerges in the Philippines. - Looking at lesbian life in the Philippines. - Closets Are Not For Us: Views From Five Lesbians. - Women Who Love Women. - A Response to Dennis Altman from Michael Tan in the Phillipines. - Philippines: Lesbians affected by religion - but are forging ahead. - Sexual Activity Among Homosexual Men in Metro Manila, Philippines. A study of 200 homosexual males N/A. - Cry from the marginalized: Filipino gay voters speak out. - Church clashes with gays in Philippines. - Growing up gay in the Philippines (Part 2). - Miss Teen Philippines says she'd try to change lesbian friend. - Putting You in Your Place: Culture and the Filipino Lesbian. - Homosexuality in the Philippines. - Philippines welcomes gay and lesbian police applicants.

LAGABLAB: fighting for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered rights in the Philippines. - LGBT rights in the Philippines. - Queer and present danger: gay rights in the Philippines. - Philippine Congress Passes Gay Rights Law: Bill 6416 prohibits discrimination in areas such as employment, education, health services, public service (including military service), commercial and medical establishments. - The Philippines' House of Representatives last month passed a bill banning discrimination against gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transgender people, and sent the measure to the Senate. - Philippines: Congress Should Stand Up for Basic Fairness: Bill Would Ban Discrimination on Basis of Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity. (New York, August 8, 2006) The Philippine Congress should move quickly to enact a landmark bill to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, Human Rights Watch said today... - Filipino gay abused by cops.

A viral time bomb (2012): Eight Filipinos are infected every day with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) – the virus that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). With more than a 25 percent increase in HIV incidence between 2001 and 2009, the Philippines is one of the seven countries in the world with the highest rates of HIV transmission, the others being Armenia, Bangladesh, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. HIV infections are spreading so quickly in the Philippines, it’s been declared by health authorities as an epidemic. But with public discourse on sex – or sexually transmitted diseases – still a taboo, the government has relegated the HIV/AIDS problem to the sidelines. It’s a decision we will all ultimately come to regret. According to recent data, HIV prevalence has gone as high as 45 percent among men-having-sex-with-men (MSM) and 52 percent among people who inject drugs (PWID). For over two decades, HIV/AIDS was spread predominantly through heterosexual contact, usually by having unprotected sex with female sex workers. Today, it has shifted to homosexual and bisexual transmissions, up to 80 percent in 2010. In fact, the mode of transmission of the AIDS virus among infected Overseas Filipino Workers is through MSM, a trend which health authorities attribute to the rise of social networking websites, which have made it easier for men to connect with each other.

The current role of gay in Philippines: Unlike to other countries that being gay is not a big deal anymore, gay society in the Philippines is still battling for freedom, repression and discrimination. Gay's in the Philippines are treated like they have diseases, contagious illnesses that others says we are not a son of god. Gay discrimination and degradation is very rampant here in the Philippines... - Ban on Homosexual “Marriage” Introduced in Philippines Parliament.- Proposed Marriage Legislation In Senate Discriminates Against Homosexuals And Transgenders. - Framing sexual conservatism among gay couples in the Philippines: intimate sexual relationships not lewdness. - Margarita Go Singco-Holmes: A Different Love - Being Gay in the Philippines. - Male Homosexuality in the Philippines: a short history (PDF Download). - Fag Hags in Filipino Gay Culture: Friendships, Identities, and Personality (PDF Download). - The queerest mall show on earth.

Bulatlat: The Philippine's Alternative Weekly Online Newsmagazine: Writing Lesbian, Lesbian writing: The silence surrounding the lesbian in Philippine literary history is appalling. Anglo-European lesbian critics can at least complain about the negative images of lesbians in the works of both male and female writers; they can have a party decoding the works of Virginia Woolf or Emily Dickinson, but I have not found a lesbian tradition of writing in the  Philippines. - Walterina Markova: The 'Comfort Gay'. - Gays, Lesbians Hit Gov't Inaction on Killings. - Oscar Atadero: Leading the Gay Life. - A Community of Their Own: Laughed at, insulted, discriminated, beaten up, oppressed and exploited, lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgenders have been persistent in their struggle for their rights.  Slowly but surely, they have moved forward... - Global desirings and translocal loves : transgendering and same-sex sexualities in the southern Philippines

Baylan, Asog, Transvestism, and Sodomy: Gender, Sexuality and the Sacred in Early Colonial Philippines. - Gay Carnival Queen Contest: Mandaue, Philippines. (Related Information) - Mandaue City Gay Carnival Queen, Philippines. - LGBT Pride - Manila. - Is It Better to be Gay in the Philippines? (Alternate Link) "I was surprised to find that in the mostly Catholic society of my homeland, gay culture is more tolerated than in America. From nightlife to the media, baklas (Tagalog for gays) are the norm. The strangest part of the entire experience was realizing that although I'm a gay male, as an American I was uncomfortable with such tolerance..." - Identity, Mobility, and Urban Place-Making: Exploring Gay Life in Manila. - Do Heterosexual Men Misperceive a Gay Man's Friendliness as Sexual Interest? Evidence from Observers. - Tomboys and Lesbians: The Filipino Female Homosexual and Her Identity Development Process. - Filipino Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men: Secondary Analysis of 1996 and 2001 National Survey Data

Change your ways before drafting gays, Pro-Gay tells AFP. - Philippines welcomes gay and lesbian police applicants. - Sexuality, ethnicity and language: exploring Chinese Filipino male homosexual identity. - Alarm over high rate of suicide cases among Filipino homosexuals. - Gender and Sexuality: The Perspective of Male Homosexuals (Must Scroll): In an attempt to fully understand the situation of the Filipino Sexual Minorities (FSM's) in relation to the issues of Gender and Sexuality series of Focused Group Discussions (FGD) has been conducted... 

Playing with Fire: Sexual Risk Behaviors and Safer Sex Practices of Young Homosexuals in the Philippines:  The foregoing data, particularly those that directly pertain to unsafe sex practices, clearly indicate that the young homosexual males in the study are highly susceptible from acquiring and transmitting HIV... Unprotected receptive anal intercourse, unequivocally the most risky homosexual activity, was the norm among the young homosexuals in the study, engaged by two-third of the sample. This dispels the earlier contention that anal sex among homosexually active men is unpopular... These shortcomings indicate that the sexual health needs of the homosexual youth remain largely unheeded. ... Working with Sexual Minorities in the Philippines.

In the Shadows: Men who have Sex with Men: 1) The traditional “parlorista bakla” is the most visible.  These are effeminate men, who may use make-up and dress in women’s clothes.  They tend to be concentrated in certain professions such as working in beauty parlors (thus the term parlorista).  Some work as entertainers, and a growing number work in Japan as female impersonators.  Many of these bakla tend to prefer “lalake” as sexual partners. 2) “Straight-acting” bakla or gays.  This population is found more in urban areas.  These men are not effeminate and will not use make-up or cross-dress.  They are found outside of the stereotyped “bakla” professions. Sexual preferences vary with some willing to have sex with other gays while others will prefer “straight” men (lalake).  It is also interesting that many will self-identify as “bisexual”, even if they only have sex with men, “bisexual” having been redefined locally to mean “straight-acting”. 3) Call boys/service boys.  These are men who will have sex with men in exchange for money or other material rewards.  Most self-identify as heterosexual and often have families. 4) “Lalake”.  These are men who self-identify as heterosexual, or occasionally, as bisexuals, and have sex with other men without monetary or material favors.  Many have families.  This includes adolescents and young adults who have sex with men simply for sexual pleasure because of difficulties of accessing females for sex.  However, there are also older men, including married ones, who continue to prefer having sex with men, usually the more visible bakla, but do not self-identify as homosexual...

Philippine Memories of a Gay Adventist: " Bakla, Bading, Bayot, Binabae--those were the names I was called when I was growing up in Manila. I wish the Filipino language had an affirmative label equivalent to "gay." Instead, I was teased with the hurtful words--faggot, sissy. Even before I entered elementary school, I remember my aunt telling me not to walk like a girl. I was always teased in Sabbath School because my buttocks would sway even when I was running, and my wrist was limp... Maybe I just wanted to be like the other boys. Maybe I just wanted the whole church school to stop calling me a sissy. To be a "bakla" is a sin, according to my mom. She told me when I was eleven years old to be careful with a "bakla." He might even try to kill you. My best friend from elementary school recently mentioned to me that his parents forbade him to hang out with me when we were growing up because he might turn out to be "bakla." ...When I accepted myself, that I was born gay, I found my inner peace. I stopped suffering. But I continue to search for answers.

Philippines Trip 1999: "This might not occur till the their twenties or even thirties. Dating is generally just conversation, in full view of the parents.  Not that there isn't physical contact, but it is friendly rather then romantic contact between friends and relatives. And there is loads of it. You constantly see people sitting or walking with someone else who has their arms around them. Westerners may be starved for conversation and physical contact, but not Filipinos. There is no homophobia here. Touching is considered friendly here, not sexually provocative. On the other hand, if a son is a "bakla", a homosexual, it doesn't seem to matter. There are bakla celebrities and bakla teachers and no one seems to care. But, of course, there seems to be little that worries the Filipino..."

My Personal, Your Political, Our Lesbianism (Alternate Link): (Related Information) "Women who love women still face discrimination in Catholicism-dominant Philippines, and the lesbian movement has been fighting this discrimination since the 1980s alongside their heterosexual feminist counterparts. Although most lesbians readily subsume themselves under the women’s movement, they still have distinct concerns that can be addressed only by breaking out into another movement. Young lesbian advocates who started this struggle in the 1980s and 1990s have been lying low these days, focusing on other aspects of their personal lives and contributing to the political struggle when time permits. And while the younger lesbians have entered the scene to continue what was started, they basically come and go—a phenomenon that began at the start of this decade..." -  Putting You in Your Place: Culture and the Filipino Lesbian. - Locations of Silence.

Teachers Implied I Should Try to be Straight’: Exploring Heterosexism in the Classroom Experiences of Filipino Gay/Bisexual Male Students (Eric Julian Manalastas, University of the Philippines Dilliman) (Abstract, Must Scroll: PDF Download. Full text): "How has queer sexuality been taught in the Filipino classroom, according to learners who directly stand to benefit or lose from that education? We explored learner experiences and perceptions of teaching as well as bias using a model for assessing heterosexism (the belief and ideology that privileges heterosexuality as fundamental, normal, and good). Data from a survey of N = 121 Filipino gay/bisexual male college students indicated that being gay was discussed more negatively during high school, regardless of type of school (public or private), but more positively in college. Qualitative responses provided evidence for both forms of heterosexist educational practices: denigration (e.g., teaching that being gay was ‘abnormal’, ‘immoral’, or ‘unnatural’) and denial (e.g., avoiding discussions of queer relationships). Positive, queer-affirmative classroom experiences, particularly in college, were also reported. Focus group data provided further qualitative accounts of heterosexist and non-heterosexist classroom-based experiences of Filipino gay/bisexual students, which can be understood in the context of Filipino sexual culture and current dominant views about queer and non-queer sexualities."

Express Yourself: "Exclusive Discos in Manila": "I had been hearing about the existence of exclusive places for lesbians almost all my lesbian life, but it was only in 1997 when I actually entered one. At the time, "The Sports Zone" was probably the only place in the country where women-only parties were being held, once a week. It was a small bar in Mandaluyong, in the eastern section of Manila.After that experience, I started thinking seriously about lesbian spaces, and how these spaces empower lesbians amidst a heteropatriarchal society. Moreover, I experienced how visceral activities such as dancing play a role in expressing lesbian aesthetics within these spaces... This close relationship between lesbianism and visceral activities, particularly dance, is of course due to the body being a primary medium of communication both in these activities and in expressing sexuality. This is a preliminary study. While conceptualising and writing this paper I realised the lack of published sources and related literature on this subject. Thus, I had to rely on surveys, subject interviews, and my ethnographic researches and experiences in the field..."

Fag Hags in Filipino Queer Culture: Friendships, Identities, and Personality (Beatriz Torre, University of the Philippines Diliman) (Abstract, Must Scroll: PDF Download. Full text): "Fag hags, women who associate with gay men and participate in gay cultural activities, have been part of Western and Filipino queer culture for some time. This paper discusses three research investigations that examine the fag hag phenomenon in the Philippines using various approaches. In one study using interviews, focus groups, and questionnaires, we explored the general development and dynamics of friendships between straight women and gay men. Another study utilized focus group methodology to examine the components that comprise the Filipino fag hag social identity. Finally, from the perspective of personality psychology, we constructed a profile of the traits that are shared by haggy women and that set them apart from other women. Based on the findings of these studies, we developed a tentative conceptual model which suggests that women with certain personality characteristics form a reciprocal attraction with gay men. This leads them to develop close friendships with gay men and in turn fashion a fag hag identity within Filipino queer culture. On-going work and further directions for our fag hag research program are also discussed, including experimental tests of our fag/hag reciprocal attraction model, a stereotype content study to compare cognitive representations of haggy women and of gay men, and other investigations of fag hag experiences in the context of Filipino and possibly other Asian queer cultures."

Hall of Fame:"While there is a sizeable Filipino gay community in and outside the Philippines, seldom you hear of it. Filipino gays would rather stand in the sideline, not stirring. The attitude most Filipino gays seem to have is, para que, we're tolerated naman by society." - The Presidentiables: "The Coalition of Humanist Lesbians and Gays held a two-day forum (21-22 March) on presidential candidates and their platforms for the homosexual community..." - Bakla N/A: "Gosh, I used to hate that word! "Bakla" is Tagalog (Philippine language) for gay or queer.  For the longest time, it sounded more like the degrading term, "faggot." However, just like the word, "faggot" it became more empowering to myself..." - The Social Construction of A Discreet Male Gender.

The Postcolonial State of Desire: Homosexuality and Transvestitism in Ninotchka Rosca's State of War - by Viet Thanh Nguyen: ""Postcolonialism" is now a contested term in critical discussions but in this essay I will attempt to demonstrate some ways in which we can ground our usage of the term. The context of my discussion will be the historical relationship between the Philippines and the United States; the focus will be the selected works of "exilic" Filipino writers;2 and the approach. will be through the discourse of homosexuality, which will hopefully allow me to unravel the postcolonial ball of confusion using a thread other than race, economics, psychoanalysis, heterosexuality, or gender..." (A Journal of Asian American Cultural Criticism, 2-2, 1995).

Performing Citizenship and "Temporal Hybridity" in a Queer Diaspora. (Published in Antithesis Volume 11, "Sex 2000: Scenes, Strategies," Slippages, Editors Daniela Brückner and PriyaVigneswaran. Australia: University of Melbourne Press, 2000): " The deviant postcolonial, the coloured queer, the "tomboy" dyke, the bakla (a term that designates a "third sex") . . . all of these subjects make up the artist-creators of alternative sexual practices and worldviews who survive by living consciously in this temporal hybridity to which DeSouza refers. These identities result in hybrid subjectivities that articulate the interstices of race, gender, sexuality, nationhood, and class, as well as the histories that are implicated by their postcolonial condition. Yet it is precisely at this intersection that a politics of coalition encounters obstacles; the multiplicity of hybrid identities becomes invisible to members of isolated communities who uphold a monolithic view of identity, and thus deny differences within community. In this article, I explore the Filipino queer diaspora and the performance of transnational citizenship...

Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology: Index Page: Philippines: - Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors. - Gender Conflicted Persons. - HIV/AIDS. - HIV/AIDS Campaigns Must Not Forget Gay People. - What Do Filipino Gay Male College Students Want to Learn in Sex Education? (PDF Download)

First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies (2005): Papers available for download. - The 2005 Conference Abstracts: Many of these possible papers were either not presented or not made avaible as full text papers (PDF Download) (Alternate Link). - Titles for abstracts of these paper: related to the Philippines:  - Progressive Organization of Gays in the Philippines: A Transgender Health Research Project in Manila (Edgar Atadero). - Redefining Man: Homo- and Hetero/sexualities in Philippine Cinema (Ronald Baytan, De La Salle University). - When Images Talk: A Question of Lesbian Aesthetics (Erma Eugenia Capucion, Women Supporting Women Centre, Quezon City, Philippines): "In my research work for my masters thesis, the question frequently came up about the validity of the lesbian as subject in the visual arts. I received very strong arguments that if my work as a lesbian artist contain this subject then it becomes propaganda. But no arguments were made about propaganda versus art. The problems that an art practitioner faces are multi-layered when one uses the label, lesbian artist...."  - The Postcolonial Perverse: Hybridity, Desire, and the Nation in Federico Licsi Espino, Jr’s Lumpen (J. Neil C. Garcia, University of the Philippines). - Between Women: Toward a Political Economy of OFW Sexuality (Odine de Guzman, University of the Philippines). - Inserting Lesbians in Non-Lesbian Spaces: Spectacularisation in Media Coverages of the Pride March (Lorna Quejong Israel, Women & Gender Institute, Miriam College, the Philippines). - ‘Teachers Implied I Should Try to be Straight’: Exploring Heterosexism in the Classroom Experiences of Filipino Gay/Bisexual Male Students (Eric Julian Manalastas, University of the Philippines Dilliman). - Coming Out, Sticking Out: Responses of Closeted Lesbians to a Sticker Campaign (Lyn Rhona Montebon, Women Supporting Women Centre, Quezon City, Philippines). - Self-Concept of Male Homosexual Educators: A Narrative View of their Life Chances (Efren John Sabado, Ateneo de Davao University).

The Ultimate "Planet Out" Guide to Queer Movies (Country: Philippines). - ‘Markova’ applauded at Toronto filmfest. - Pinoy pink film festival, June 15 - jul 11, 2004. - Manila's 2nd Pink Film Festival. - 2004 Pride International Film Festival - 2003 - Metropolitan Manila, Philippines. - 2004 festival. - Pink Film Festival 2006 Schedule. - Transvestites and Transgressions: Panggagaya in Philippine Gay Cinema. - Boys Don't Cry (or Shout) : The Masseur questions rather than protests

Resource Links: - Progressive Organization of Gay in the Philippines. - PinoyDykes N/A. (Archive Link) - The Library Foundation. - UP Sappho Society. - Pride Manila. - Gay Pinoy Pride. - Ang Tibo: Lesbians in the Philippines. -  Worldwide HK Gay Information: Philippines. - Gay Places Guide

Philippines Gay and Lesbian Resources. - Gay Philippines. - Utopia's Philippines Resources. - Alleba Filipino Directory. - Google Directory. - GLBTQ: Philippines. - GLBTQ: Philippines Literature.

QRD Philippines Resources. - Gayscape. - Gayscape: Lesbians. - Pridelinks. - Open Directory. - Google.com. - .filipinolinks.com

Gay Philippines - Cebu - Gay Philippines - Manila  (Global Gayz): - News/Reports 2001-2007. - ILGA Report. - The Eastgarden.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country: - Asia: Afghanistan. - Bangladesh. - Bhutan. - Brunei Darussalam. - Cambodia. - China. - India.- Indonesia. - Japan. - Lao. - Malaysia. - Maldives. - Mongolia. - Mongolia. - Myanmar. - Nepal. - North Korea (DPRK). - Pakistan. - Philippines. - Singapore. - South Korea (ROK). - Sri Lanka. - Thailand. - Timor-Leste. - Viet Nam.

The Filipino Book Barn: Gay and Lesbian Books. - GLBTQ Books: Philippines.

Books:Tibok: Heartbeat of the Filipino Lesbian - 1998 - edited by Anna Leah Sarabia (Amazon.com Reference). - Slip/Pages: Essays in Philippine Gay Criticism (1991 - 1996) - by J. Neil C. Garcia. - Ladlad - 1994 - & Ladlad 2 - 1996 - (Anthologies of Philippine gay writing) edited by Danton Remoto and J. Neil C. Garcia. - Circuits of Desire: Volume 2, Number 1, Spring 1994 - edited by  Yukiko Hanawa (Table of Contents). - A Different Love: Being Gay In The Philippines - 1993 -  by Margarita Go Singco Holmes. - A Different Love: Being a Gay Man in the Philippines - 2005 - by Margarita Go Singco-Holmes. - Beauty and Power: Transgendering and Cultural Transformation in the Southern Philippines (Explorations in Anthropology) - 1997 - by Mark Johnson (17 Sample Pages) (Contents). - Bisexualities and AIDS: International Perspectives - 1996 - edited by Peter Aggleton (Review). Contains: "Silahis: Looking for the Missing Filipino Bisexual Male." (Abstract) (Full Text) - Philippine Gay Culture: The Last Thirty Years Binabae to Bakla; Silahis to Msm - 1996 - by Garcia, J. Neil C (Abstract) (Conclusion). - Male Homosexuality in Four Societies: Brazil, Guatemala, the Philippines, and the United States - 1985 - by Frederick L. Whitam, Robin M. Mathy, Frederick L. Whitman. - Asian Homosexuality - 1992 - edited by Wayne R. Dynes and Stephen Donaldson (Table of Contents). Contains: "Homosexuality and Transvestism in the Philippines: The Cebuan Filipino Bayot and Lakin-on," 43-80 & "The Covert Subculture of Male Homosexual Prostitutes in Metro-Manila," 153-159. - Global Divas: Filipino Gay Men in the Diaspora - 2003 - by Martin F Manalansan IV (Review) (Review) (Review) (Amazon).


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!   
 

INDONESIA -  Introduction to Indonesian Lesbian & Gay Network. - Third GLB Congress - 1998  - Additional  Information - Report of the 3rd Lesbian and Gay Indonesian Congress (KLGI III). - The struggle for gay and lesbian rights in Indonesia (Alternate Link). - Indonesia holds first gay pride parade. - Gay men in the reformasi era: Homophobic violence could be a by-product of the new openness. - Momentum itu akhirnya ditetapkan sebagai Hari Internasional Melawan Homophobia atau International Day Against Homophobia.. - Quo vadis, lesbians? Lesbians want to be themselves. - Kuliah Umum PSIK ITB: Dinamika Lesbian di Indonesia. - Ape Researchers Document Gay Relationship: Gay orangutans spotted in Sumatra N/A. - Gay life in Jakarta: defining the emerging community. - Being Gay, Muslim and Indonesian (2009).

Now You See It, Now You Don’t: Homosexual Culture in Indonesia: PDF Download. - Gay life in Jakarta: defining the emerging community. - The emergence of political homophobia in Indonesia: Masculinity and national belonging. Indonesia Seeks to Imprison Gays. - Milestone for gay rights as Indonesia gets first pink guidebook. - Indonesian Lawmakers Seek Gay Sex Ban. - Jakarta's big secret. - HIV/AIDS prevention tough in a secret gay city. - Absolut-Badalu and the Divisions driving Indonesia to the Brink. - Muslim Communities Thwart Indonesian Protections For Gays: In granting local authorities the right to use Islamic law gays are reportedly being round up and prosecuted despite a federal constitution which has in the past guaranteed LGBT civil rights... - Gays & Sharia.- Indonesia: Gays Fight Sharia Laws. - Indonesia (Aceh): Torture of gay men by the Banda Raya police. - 'Pink Indonesia', a country within the country. (Alternate Link) (Alternate Link) - LGBT rights in Indonesia.

The Gay Plauge Lurks in Jakarta: In Indonesia, to be out and gay remains a taboo. Gay community members are straightforward about their sexual orientation among themselves. However, facing the social pressure of Indonesia's heterosexist society, they hide their sexual orientation when returning to the mainstream... "If people know that Grand is a gay place [a movie theater where anonymous sex occurs], some members of society might want to close it down. But that wouldn't make gay people disappear, because they are part of (this) society. (Closing these places down) would rather make it more difficult to identify them, making HIV/AIDS prevention harder among this group," he said. Islamic conservatism, even in societies like Indonesia which is apparently more enlightened than their Middle Eastern counterparts are not “kicking in” to stop the spread of these diseases, and worse, preventing education taking place which could save so many. Scarier still, the gay community has to remain underground, forcing them into heterosexual relationships and opening the potential spread of infection to a group who may otherwise have been considered low risk, that is to say, unsuspecting wives and girlfriends.....

Living In Rural Areas of Indonesia—The Experience of Gay Men (Ed Green, University of New South Wales). -  (Abstract, Must Scroll: PDF Download. Full text): "In his recent doctoral study of Indonesian gay men, Richard Howard (1996) noted ‘that young men recognizing a same sex desire have moved from smaller villages to the city to explore their homosexuality and to avoid the pressure to marry’ (p.354). Howard also claimed that for the gay men in his study, ‘men may express both homosexual desire and behaviour’ but unless they married they were unable to see themselves, or be seen by others, as ‘real men’ (laki asli) (p. 345). This paper, based on interview data gathered from a small sample of Indonesian gay men living outside metropolitan areas questioned how they saw themselves and experienced their lives. How did they express and experience (gay) desire? Did they interact with, resist, or simply bypass the conformity and parochialism and the religious orthodoxy of the communities within which they live? The men in this study did come under pressure to marry or to see themselves as less of a man. But they did perceive themselves as men and they had no intention of conforming to the pressure from family and society to marry. Nor did they intend moving to the city to avoid such pressures. This paper asserts that not all gay men in Asia live in cities and that many chose not to forsake their non-urban lives and instead found strategies to live their lives in their own way."

Green, Ed (2008). The Important Forgotten - Men Living in Rural Indonesia Who Have Sex With Men: The Implications for HIV Education. Paper presented at the Conference: "Living on the Margins: Minorities and Borderlines in Cambodia and Southeast Asia," Siem Reap, Cambodia: March 14-15, 2008. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Center for Khmer Studies - Publishing Department. PDF Download. This paper arises from a research project conducted to explore the stories of men living in rural communities in Java who acknowledge that they have sex with other men. It is a project about discovering the meaning that these men give to their experience of seeking and having sex with other men, mindful of where they live and the social conventions that exist there. Men who have sex with men are one of the more vulnerable groups “on the margins” of society who have been systematically denied access to important social resources. They have been denied visibility, recognition, social status and honorability. But more importantly they have also been excluded from AIDS education and prevention programs, sometimes even by organisations and NGOs whose specific task it is to take HIV education to MSM. For too long, it has been assumed that MSM live only in the cities, with the result that those men living in rural areas who have sex with men have been largely absent from depictions of both rural life and representations of “non-heterosexual” life. The extent of the omission of these men from HIV education programs is underlined by a recent United Nations paper in which MSM were described as “the missing piece” in the HIV education and prevention jigsaw – a group that the paper describes as “…invisible … on our social or public health radar.”3 For rural MSM, it seems that they are not only “invisible,” but that they don’t even exist. Yet they do..

Impacts of HIV/AIDS 2005–2025 in Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor: Final report of the HIV Epidemiological Modelling and Impact Study (PDF Download):  Indonesia... Homosexuality, while not a criminal offence, is considered to be a violation of public morality despite traditional tolerance for certain forms of male transgender behaviour such as that of ‘waria’ (Katjasungkana & Wieringa, 2003). Research shows the diversity of sexual networks in these subpopulations. Like other Asian countries, many men who have sex with men (MSM) also have sex with women. A Jakarta study (Pisani et al., 2004) showed that MSM are not isolated from other heterosexual networks. Risk behaviour is high and sex with women as well as men is common behaviour (Pisani et al., 2004). Eighteen per cent of self recognised MSM also had sex with women in the previous 12 months. The bisexual behaviour of these subpopulations implies that HIV infection spread through risky male-male sex will also be passed on into heterosexual networks, contributing to a wider HIV epidemic in Indonesia. Very few sexual health services are available for these populations.

Claiming gay persons' sexual rights in Indonesia: GAYa NUSANTARA was founded in 1987 as a gay support organisation. Its initial activities focused on publishing a magazine, gay peer counselling services and coordination of an Indonesian network of gay and lesbian organisations. With time, however, the NGO has taken up a leadership role in public advocacy, organising campaigns to raise society's awareness on gay and lesbian persons' sexual rights and emancipation. Its approach has been different in that it is more open and honest about sexuality and sexual health, without moralising the issues... Throughout Indonesian history, sexual and/or emotional relationships between men have been common in different communities and settings, such as in the context of intergenerational relationships, religious learning, the search for prowess, shamanism or medium priesthood and initiation rites for young men. Homosexual identity also has a place in modern Indonesian society...

Holy hatred: Homosexuality in Muslim countries. - Gay identities: Modern gay men in Indonesia learn to live alongside traditional concepts of homosexuality. - Sulawesi's fifth gender: What if there were not just two genders, but five? In Indonesia, there are. - Falling Leaf Under theBanyan Tree: Are lesbian and gay in Indonesia have suffered discrimination? Hard to answer this question, at least to me. Every day we have seen on TV's news or read on newspapers about human right tortures, but fewer exposes are about lesbian and gay discrimination. Can we concluded that the answer is no? I don't think so, but I'm not sure either. I guess there are two reasons why we have hardly ever heard about lesbian and gay discrimination cases... - Indonesia told to 'accept gays' to halt HIV: "Indonesia is a mainly Muslim country in which lesbian and gay people are often discounted or thought not to exist. However, along with China and Eastern Europe, it is being picked out by United Nations officials as a hot spot of HIV increases." - Indonesia urged to change attitudes towards gays in anti-AIDS drive. - HIV, syphilis infection, and sexual practices among transgenders, male sex workers, and other men who have sex with men in Jakarta, Indonesia.

The Magic Begins to Fade: " Homosexuality is a delicate topic in conservative, Islamic Indonesia. But until recently that wasn't the case in Ponorogo, a small town east of Yogyakarta. One of the more prestigious occupations in the area has traditionally been that of warok. But the warok of Ponorogo are becoming a thing of the past. As modern times bring a new openness to gays in Indonesia's big cities, they have almost shut down one of the country's longest-running homosexual traditions... That double pressure has done in the old ways. Girls lead the procession now and many gemblak have packed up and joined the gay community in Jakarta. A few remain, though they now call themselves "foster sons." Gunopati, who had eight such partners, thinks something has been lost." - Reog Ponorogo Spirituality, Sexuality, and Power in a Javanese Performance Tradition. - Modern gay men in Indonesia learn to live alongside traditional concepts of homosexuality. (Archive Link). - Between Religion and Desire: Being Muslim and Gay in Indonesia. - Gender Transcendent Priests in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. - Transgender Priests and gender in South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

First Indonesia Lesbian and Gay Congress (1993): "In 1981 Indonesia became the first country in Asia to have a gay movement organization.  But it was only in the past 2 years that the number of lesbian/gay associations increased throughout the Indonesian archipelago." - Gay Movement in Indonesia (1993): "Homosexuality is not illegal in Indonesia, and has traditionally been part of the culture. However, even though it is not illegal, it is not socially-desirable in western-oriented modern, urban Indonesia.  Another interesting cultural aspect is the existence of "waria" (man-woman) which one would find in popular culture all over the country. Warias are mostly cross-dressers/transgenders working as entertainers, hairdressers, models, etc. and are very much accepted in Indonesian society without being frowned at..." - Regulation of sexuality in Indonesian discourse: normative gender, criminal law and shifting strategies of control. - Transnational Sexualities in One Place: Indonesian Readings. - Gender Transgression in Colonial and Postcolonial Indonesia. - Tombois in West Sumatra: Constructing Masculinity and Erotic Desire. - It's like one of those puzzles: conceptualising gender among bugis. - Gay Language and Indonesia: Registering Belonging. - Communism and women's same-sex practises in post-Suharto Indonesia.

Dédé Oetomo Talks on Reyog Ponorogo: "Let me start by making it clear what my position is with regard to the warok-gemblakan tradition in Ponorogo... I think what they do sexually, we have to call homosexual acts. This is widely known all over Java. Anybody who is in touch with the traditional way of life in Ponorogo, knows that there are these older men called warok who, instead of having sex with their wives, have sex with younger boys - eight to fourteen, fifteen..." - Dede Oetomo. - Waiting for Karila: Bending Time, Theory and Gender in Java and Bali (With Reflections for a Documentary Treatment). - Negotiating Gender: Calalai' in Bugis Society. - Sexual Transgression in the Autobiographies of Two Indonesian Women. - Beyond The ‘Closet’: The Voices Of Lesbian Women In Yogyakarta (Suara Lesbi Di Yogyakarta): Word Download. - Playing Back the Nation: Waria, Indonesian Transvestites (PDF Download).

Indonesia's Waria, Gay and Gay Dendong: Fluid Constructions of Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation and Their Essentializations (Dédé Oetomo,  University of Surabaya/GAYa NUSANTARA Foundation) (Abstract, Must Scroll: PDF Download. Full text): "The presentation will revisit the not always clear distinctions between waria (male-to-female transgenders), gay (male homosexuals) and gay dendong (cross-dressing male homosexuals) in Indonesian society, taking the perspective of the waria/gay communities themselves and that of the general public. The ubiquitous presence of gender-transgressive males in contemporary television and film will be used as an entry point in discussing the interfaces of mediatized realities, (pop pseudo-)science and lived experiences. An attempt will be made to understand the tolerance and sometimes acceptance of gender- and sexuality-non-conforming males in Indonesian society in the midst of strong heterosexism and increasing homophobia."

The Warias - Part 1 (Video): VICE heads to Indonesia to visit the Senin-Kamis School, an Islamic school for Javanese transvestites. Our host, Hannah Brooks, meets the school's founder, Maryani, and the rest of the ladies who call this place home. Then Hannah is taken to a local funeral, where Maryani speaks about the difficulties of living as a transvestite and a practicing Muslim.

The Warias - Part 2 (Video):In Part 2, Hannah spends the day busking with a few of the street singers from the Senin-Kamis school. At night, Hannah meets up with two other girls who work as prostitutes. Although the school has helped to create a supportive community for the women, many still have to contend with busking and prostitution as a means of survival. 

Tomboi masculinities and the transgression of gender in the Indonesian state - by Evelyn Blackwood (Draft paper for the IASSCS Conference, Melbourne, Australia, Oct. 1-3, 2001: Word 97 Download N/A). - Related to the Author: "My on-going research on female same-sex relations outside the West began with a study of female two-spirits in Native American tribes historically.  That work examined the intersections of gender identity and sexuality as well as the relation between two-spirit identities and gender inequalities.  I have also provided a critique of the anthropological theories and representations of two-spirit people and lesbians.  My work has informed a number of debates on sex/gender systems and third genders.  Together with my co-editor Saskia Wieringa, we produced the first anthropological collection of essays devoted to women’s same-sex sexualities and transgender practices, Female Desires.  My current work on alternative genders and sexualities in Indonesia focuses on the intersections of the state, Islam and the transnational lesbian and gay movement in the production and redefinition of the tomboi identity and women’s sexuality more broadly.  I am also interested in the colonial and post-colonial influences on transgender practices in Indonesia." - Female Desires Same-Sex Relations and Transgender Practices Across Cultures - 1999 - edited by Evelyn Blackwood and Saskia Wieringa. - Culture and Women's Sexualities, Journal of Social Issues, Summer, 2000,  by Evelyn Blackwood.

Indonesia embraces first gay screen kiss. - Gay kiss unlocks ancient taboo. - Men, Masculinities and Symbolic Violence in Recent Indonesian Cinema. - 

Bright Light in the Darkness N/A: (Archive Link) A working group is a workgroup of Indonesian lesbians who voluntarily work in supporting the existence of lesbians in Indonesia. - Indonesian Lesbians' Homepage. - Swara Srikandi: Voice of the Indonesian Lesbiennes N/A: (Archive Link) (Archive Link) (Story Index N/A, (Archive Link) Ratri's Cpolums N/A, (Archive Link) Susan's Colums N/A) (Archive Link) Swara means "voice" while Srikandi symbolises "a woman with self-courage and is gentle." The main goals of Srikandi are: (1) to support Indonesian lesbians and embolden other women to learn more about their lesbian sisters; and (2) to serve as venue on how it is like to live in a homophobic society enveloped in fear that their sexual preference will be discovered. Srikandi clarifies its site is not designed to suggest a "coming out ritual." Its solidarity is expressed in managing the Website that seeks to encourage lesbians in Indonesia to explore and discover ways to embrace themselves as they are and proudly live their sexual identity. - 

Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology: Index Page: Indonesia: - Homoerotic, Homosexual, and Ambisexual Behaviors. - Gender Conflicted Persons. - HIV/AIDS.

First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies (2005): Papers available for download. - The 2005 Conference Abstracts: Many of these possible papers were either not presented or not made avaible as full text papers (PDF Download) (Alternate Link). - Titles for abstracts of these paper: related to Indonesia:  - Living In Rural Areas of Indonesia—The Experience of Gay Men (Ed Green, University of New South Wales). - Indonesia's Waria, Gay and Gay Dendong: Fluid Constructions of Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation and Their Essentializations (Dédé Oetomo,  University of Surabaya/GAYa NUSANTARA Foundation).

"Arisan" (2004) the first gay-themed Indonesian film to appear in the liberalized climate following the 1998 fall of Suharto.

Books: - Memberi suara pada yang bisu - 2001 - by Dede Oetomo (Personal Narratives. Yogyakarta : Galang Press Yogyakarta). - Asian Homosexuality - 1992 - edited by Wayne R. Dynes and Stephen Donaldson (Table of Contents). Contains: "Transvestitism and the Religious Hermaphrodite in Indonesia," 89-98. - The Gay Archipelago: Sexuality and Nation in Indonesia - 2005 - by Tom Boellstorff (Abstract/Content) (Review) (Chapter 1). - Falling Into The Lesbi World: Desire And Difference In Indonesia - 2011 - by Evelyn Blackwood (Hong Kong University Press) (Review).

Utopia Guide to Singapore, Malaysia & Indonesia: the Gay and Lesbian Scene in 60+ Cities Including Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, Johor Bahru and the Islands of Bali and Penang - 2006 - by John Goss. GLBT Guide to Gay & Lesbian Life in Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia: Singapore's other neighbor, Indonesia, while commonly known as having the world's largest Muslim population, also has some of Asia's longest-running homosexual activist groups and a wide variety of traditional alternative sexualities that are an integral part of Indonesia's cultural mosaic... Commenting on the surprising abundance of gay life in a very conservative region, Singaporean gay activist, Alex Au, writes in the book's preface, "The reason for this contradiction may be because, despite the political or religious rhetoric, at the social level, the people of these countries are tolerant and hospitable." ... But despite growing advances in personal freedoms, activists in all three countries continue to encounter official obstacles. In 2006 Singapore government officials awarded a large grant of public money to a homophobic Christian group that attempts to straighten out gays. In March this year Kuala Lumpur police tried to crack down on businesses that cater to gay customers by fining owners for petty license violations, bringing criticism from local AIDS/HIV educators...

Gay Indonesia - Java - Gay Indonesia - Bali  - Utopia. - GayRice. - Gay Indonesia - Sumatra (Global Gayz) - Gay Muslims 1998-2007. -GLBTQ: Indonesia.- ILGA Report. - The Eastgarden. - Sodomy Laws: Indonesia. - Gay & Lesbian Bali. - GAYa NUSANTARA.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country: - Asia: Afghanistan. - Bangladesh. - Bhutan. - Brunei Darussalam. - Cambodia. - China. - India.- Indonesia. - Japan. - Lao. - Malaysia. - Maldives. - Mongolia. - Mongolia. - Myanmar. - Nepal. - North Korea (DPRK). - Pakistan. - Philippines. - Singapore. - South Korea (ROK). - Sri Lanka. - Thailand. - Timor-Leste. - Viet Nam.

Pridelinks. - QRD. - Utopia. - Gayscape. - Worldwide HK Gay Information: Indonesia 
 

EAST TIMOR - East Timor Assembly Rejects Gay Protections. - Timor Lorosae Journalists Association to Meet  7 Dec - 10 Dec, 2000: "The Timor Lorosae Journalsists Association (TLJA) was formed on 22 December 1999, in the capital Dili, as an independent, non-governmental organisation for the purpose of promoting press freedom and freedom of expression in Timor Lorosae. TLJA?s Aims and Objectives are: .. 6. To foster fair and accurate coverage of lesbian and gay issues and to oppose newsroom bias against lesbians, gay men and all other minorities..."

Sexual Orientation Clause Removed From Constitution: Debate continued Thursday in East Timor`s parliament on the future constitution of the territory, due to become independent next May. Members of the Constituent Assembly voted to remove the term "sexual orientation" from part of article 16 of the final draft constitution which deals with anti-discrimination. The relevant section of the Constitution prohibits discrimination based on: "color, race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, social or economic status, convictions or political beliefs, religion, education and mental or physical condition. In voting on the controversial section, 52 out of 88 assembly members backed the removal of the term "sexual orientation", which in practice could affect the equality of homosexual couples in an independent East Timor. The term "matrimonial state" replaced the controversial phrase, with 57 members voting in favor of this substitution. The head of a Portuguese gay activist group, Antonio Serzedelo, said Thursday he thought it "very serious" that East Timor, which had "fought so hard against discrimination", had removed the "sexual orientation" proviso from the Constitution...

Down in Dili: Back at gay life... There may not be much of it, but it’s surprisingly open. On my first visit to the Dili Trade Centre I arrived about 10.30 and knocked back a couple of beers while watching expats from their late twenties to early forties, male and female, determinedly drink and dance to the band’s surprisingly good reggae. This was, I had been told, the centre of gay nightlife but apart from myself, I could spot no friend of Dorothy. However, by midnight the atmosphere had begun to change. A group of fashionably dressed young men entered; for the next hour I chatted with them and watched as the white-skinned couples left and the darker Timorese arrived. By one o’clock it was clear that the Dili Trade Centre on a Friday night was the place to find single men of every nationality, ethnicity and sexual orientation; it was also the place for single women in unnaturally tight clothing, although they did not seem to be doing much business. And don’t forget the single feto, a very masculine figure in a blouse and skirt. One of my new companions said this was the best place for gay people to come. I asked why. Because it’s less violent than the others, he said. In the other bars there are UN troops running amok with Kalashnikovs? I wondered. No, he said, just the locals with knives and fists. Okay, I thought to myself, I can live without that...

Final Report for the Implemenitng AIDS Prevention and Care (IMPACT) Project in East Timor (PDF Download): ... Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM)... Nearly half of the men identified in the 2004 IMPACT/East Timor STI survey as having sex with men reported recent sex with women, and 12 percent of the “heterosexual” male groups and 5 percent of male students said they had had anal sex with another male in the last year... The results of a 2003 situational analysis of MSM, together with the findings of the STI survey, confirmed that MSM in East Timor fall into three main groups: (a) transgenders (waria), (b) gay men and (c) “hidden” men submerged in the general population. The first two groups probably only account for a small minority of the entire population of MSM... The advocacy workshop, for example, was “the first time (in East Timor) that MSM were given a chance to express themselves in public and hear about HIV being a threat for the MSM ommunity” (participant in the MSM workshop, 2004). Of the 63 MSM referred to VCT, none of them tested positive.

Impacts of HIV/AIDS 2005–2025 in Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor: Final report of the HIV Epidemiological Modelling and Impact Study (PDF Download): East Timor... Men who have sex with men (MSM, including waria) were taken to be 5 per cent of the urban adult male population (J Rock, FHI, personal communication). In the absence of specifi c data, it was assumed that the rate of MSM in rural areas was approximately half the urban value. Average numbers of partners among MSM were taken to be 25 and 12 per year in urban and rural populations respectively. 46 per cent of urban MSM also reported heterosexual contact in the past year (Pisani E et al, 2004). In the absence of specifi c data, half this rate was assumed for rural MSM... - Basing policy on evidence: low HIV, STIs, and risk behaviour in Dili, East Timor argue for more focused interventions: Conclusions: A few sex workers are infected with HIV in East Timor, but the virus is not circulating widely among their clients, and sexual networking is limited. The risk of a generalised HIV epidemic in East Timor is minimal. HIV can be contained by the provision of basic services to the small minority of the population at highest risk, preserving resources for other health and development needs.

Young People and HIV/AIDS: East Timor (PDF Download): ... The study also revealed significant levels of unprotected non-marital sex and a high level of sexually transmitted infections among sex workers and MSM. Fifteen percent of female sex workers and MSM were suffering from different sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhoea and chlamydia. Levels of Type 2 herpes which helps HIV to spread quickly was found to be around 30% in MSM and 60% in sex workers... Data from the Dili study... The study revealed high levels of unprotected anal sex between men, including among students, taxi-drivers and the military. The average age of MSM surveyed was 23 years, 1% of whom were found to be HIV positive... A high proportion of MSM reported selling sex for money and some reported buying sex, most of which was anal sex without condoms. A majority of MSM had more than one partner and a total of 46% had experienced unprotected anal sex with more than one partner...

Leaflets: HIV/AIDS prevention targeting men who have sex with men (MSM), youth, sex workers (SW) and clients of SW. Promotion of Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT). Self Test. Client: FHI/East Timor... MSM - 1 MSM - 2 Youth - 1, Youth-2, SW-1, SW-2, SW-3, Clients-1, VCT-1.

Sander Thoenes: In 1996 he went to Kazakhstan as the Financial Times's central Asia correspondent. He also contributed to the Dutch gay newspaper de Gay Krant, and the political journal Vrij Nederland. While covering events in East Timor he was riding pillion on a motorcycle taxi in the suburb of Becora. According to the driver six uniformed gunmen riding three motorcycles ordered them to stop. When they drove off the gunmen opened fire. Sander Thoenes died at the scene, and his body was recovered by Australian soldiers who also found his reporter's notebook and pen by his hand. His boyfriend survived him in Jakarta where they had lived together.

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country: - Asia: Afghanistan. - Bangladesh. - Bhutan. - Brunei Darussalam. - Cambodia. - China. - India.- Indonesia. - Japan. - Lao. - Malaysia. - Maldives. - Mongolia. - Mongolia. - Myanmar. - Nepal. - North Korea (DPRK). - Pakistan. - Philippines. - Singapore. - South Korea (ROK). - Sri Lanka. - Thailand. - Timor-Leste. - Viet Nam.

Gay East Timor (Global Gayz): - News/Reports 2002-04. - The Eastgarden.
 

GUAM / SAIPAN - Asian/Pacific Islander adolescent sexual orientation and suicide risk in Guam (2004). Full Text: PDF Download. - Molecular Epidemiology of HIV Infection in Hawaii and Guam: "Initial introduction of HIV to both islands is presumed to have occurred via infected homosexual men from the continental United States, and homosexual transmission of HIV still accounts for most new infections in Hawaii and Guam."

Gay In Saipan: - Til the Break of Dawn: The CNMI's First & Official Pride Dance named "Hairspray" had people dancing til the break of dawn. The event was held recently on June 28, 2007 in the Club V at the Saipan Grande Hotel.

Gay Guam? JAX isn't the only gay spot in Guam, but it's the best, from what I'm told. I've been there and have a pretty good time... There's another bar a bit away...

In the Closet: understanding teenage homosexuality on Guam (2003): " They must also endure strained relationships, as Sarah Thomas-Nededog, executive director for Sanctuary, Inc., explains. “Relationships are difficult in general, and relative to teenagers, sexuality is already a major issue for them. And if they have found that they are also not just dealing with their sexuality but dealing with homosexuality, which is an area still not acceptable socially in many areas, they would be more than likely be dealing with familial and social issues with their friends, with their parents, with the school, and with their family.”" - What I know now about queer youth: "Alexis grew up in Guam, and eventually moved to Oak Harbor, Washington. She didn't meet a single transgendered person in either place. When she moved to Seattle a few years ago and met other transgendered people, something clicked."

Forum offers youth a voice in teen issues N/A (2003): "This was one of dozens of games and activities yesterday at the second and final day of the Youth for Youth Conference at the Hyatt Regency Guam... Participants Mayan Sanchez, 13, right, and Bekka Lemons, 12, draw a picture of their notion of a "typical" lesbian couple during the homosexuality workshop Saturday at the Youth for Youth Conference."

Hearing scheduled for 3 teens in beating cases (2003) N/A: "According to court documents, the three boys were allegedly drinking alcohol and decided on the second night to look "for a (homosexual) to beat up." The man, whom they allegedly assaulted with a bat Sunday night, is a transvestite

Cruz control: newly appointed Guam supreme court justice Benjamin Cruz may be the nation's highest-ranking gay judge.

Gay Guam (Global Gayz). - ILGA Report. - The Eastgarden.
 

NAURU - ILGA Report. - The Eastgarden

MSMGF News Articles & Documents Resources. By Region & Country:  Oceania: - Australia. - Cook Islands. - Fed. States of Micronesia. - Fiji. - French Polynesia. - Johnston Island. - Kiribati. - Nauru. - New Caledonia. - New Caledonia. - New Zealand. - Niue. - Norfolk Island. - Northern Mariana Islands. - Palau. - Papua New Guinea. - Pitcairn. - Samoa. - Solomon Islands. - Tokelau. - Tonga. - Tuvalu. - Vanuatu. - Wallis and Futuna Islands.



The "SEARCH Section" For...
The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Search Engines & Directories: Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture.

Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of  Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.

Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal- Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com

Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers).  eScholarship Repository:  University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries.  - NTUR, National Taiwan University- Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. -  UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki- E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory

Search for Free Articles, Papers or ReportsFindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere.  The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.

Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.

Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses,  Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway.  - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.

Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. -  Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. -  Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers,  2005,  3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports.


Full Text Articles / Papers / Studies / Reports (and/or Abstracts):

Abaya EC, Dacanay NL (2007). Reflections on LGBT/Sexuality Studies and Advocacies in the University of the Philippines. PDF Download.

Agustine S, et al. (2011). Female transgender: Gender & sexual identities among transgender female to male persons in Jakarta. In: Saskia E. Wieringa (ed), Women-Loving-Women in Africa and Asia, pp. 299-345. Amsterdam: TRANS/SIGN Report of Research Findings. PDF Download.

Berman, Alan (2008). The Anwar saga: Sexuality and politics in contemporary Malaysia. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 4(3): 188-197. PDF Download.

Blackwood E (2000). Culture and Women's Sexualities. Journal of Social Issues, 56(2): 223-238. Full Text.

Boellstorff T (2006). Gay and lesbian Indonesians and the idea of a nation. Social Analysis, 10(1): 158–163.  PDF Download.

Boellstorff T (2005). Between Religion and Desire: Being Muslim and Gay in Indonesia. American Anthropologist, 107(4): 575-585. PDF Download.

Boellstorff T (2004). Playing Back the Nation: Waria, Indonesian Transvestites. Draft. Cultural Anthropology, 19(2): 159-195. PDF Download.

Boellstorff T (2004). The Emergence of Political Homophobia in Indonesia: Masculinity and National Belonging. Ethnos, 69(4): 465–486. PDF Download.

Boellstorff T (2004). Gay Language and Indonesia: Registering Belonging. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 14(2): 248–268. PDF Download.

Boellstorff T (2003). Dubbing culture: Indonesian Gay and Lesbi Subjectivities and Ethnography in an already globalized world. American Ethnologist, 30(2): 225–242. PDF Download.

Boellstorff T (+2003?). Playing Back the Nation: Waria, Indonesian Transvestites. PDF Download. (A Draft) Abstract.

Brewer C (1999). Baylan, Asog, Transvestism, and Sodomy: Gender, Sexuality and the Sacred in Early Colonial Philippines. Intersection 2. Full Text. Download Page.

Castro JE (2005)Playing with Fire: Sexual Risk Behaviors and Safer Sex Practices of Young Homosexuals in the Philippines. Paper Presented at the 7th International Conference on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific, Kobe, Japan. Word Download. PowerPoint. Download Page.

Crisovan, Piper Lauren (2006). "Risky" business: Cultural conceptions of HIV/AIDS in Indonesia. PhD. Dissertation, Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh. PDF Download. Download Page.

de Vela TC, et al. (2011). Surfacing Lesbians, Bisexual Women and Transgendered People’s Issues in the Philippines: Towards Affinity Politics in Feminist Movements. In: Saskia E. Wieringa (ed), Women-Loving-Women in Africa and Asia, pp. 346-399. Amsterdam: TRANS/SIGN Report of Research Findings. PDF Download.

Dowsett G, Grierson J, McNally S (2006). A Review of Knowledge About the Sexual Networks and Behaviours of Men Who Have Sex With Men in Asia. ARCSHS: Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, Melbourne. PDF Download. See "Indonesia" Section.

Family Health International (2006). Final Report for the Implemenitng AIDS Prevention and Care (IMPACT) Project in East Timor. Submitted to USAID. PDF Download.

Ford K, Wirawan DN, Fajans P (1993). AIDS knowledge, condom beliefs and sexual behaviour among male sex workers and male tourist clients in Bali, Indonesia. Health Transition Review, 3(2): 191-204. PDF DownloadPDF Download.

Graham S (2005). Indonesian Intersections of Bisexuality and Transgender. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Green, Ed (2008). The Important Forgotten - Men Living in Rural Indonesia Who Have Sex With Men: The Implications for HIV Education. Paper presented at the Conference: "Living on the Margins: Minorities and Borderlines in Cambodia and Southeast Asia," Siem Reap, Cambodia: March 14-15, 2008. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Center for Khmer Studies - Publishing Department. PDF Download.

Guan, Toh Heng (2011, Draft). Constructing Masculinity in Southeast Asian LGBT Discourse. Paper presented at the ISA Asia-Pacific Regional Section Inaugural Conference 2011. PDF Download N/A. Download Page N/A (New Link).

Guy, Michelle Lee (2004). Transgenderism in Malaysia: The conceptualization of mak nyah.  In: Rodolphe De Koninck, Bruno Thibert (Eds.). Coping with Globalization: Southeast Asian Historical and Cultural Heritage: 73-90. Universite de Montreal. PDF Download.

Jackson PA (1998). Male Homosexuality and Transgenderism in the Thai Buddhist Tradition. In: W. LAYLAND (ed.) Queer Dharma: Voices of Gay Buddhists: 55-89. Full Text.

Jackson PA (1996). Thai Buddhist accounts of male homosexuality and AIDS in the 1980s.  The Australian Journal of Anthropology, 6(3): 140-152. Full Text.

Johnson C (2005). Same-Sex Issues in a Cross-Cultural Perspective: The Strange Similarities between John Howard and Mahathir MohamadPaper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Kaldor J, Worth H, Henderson K, Law M, McKay J, Warner B, Razali K (2006). Impacts of HIV/AIDS 2005–2025 in Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor: Final report of the HIV Epidemiological Modelling and Impact Study. Canberra: AusAID. PDF DownloadDownload Page.

Kaldor J, Worth H, Law M, Henderson K, Razali K (2006). Impacts of HIV/AIDS 2005–2025 in Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor: Synopsis report of the HIV Epidemiological Modelling and Impact Study. Canberra: AusAID. PDF Download. Download Page.

Kok LP, Ang YG, Fong YH, Siew SH (1991). Profile of a homosexual in Singapore. Singapore Medical Journal, 32(6): 403-8. Abstract PDF Download.

Lim, Anne (2011). GALANG: A Movement in the Making for the Rights of Poor LBTs in the Philippines. In: Srilatha Batliwala (ed), Changing Their World, 2nd edition. PDF Download.

Lim MK (2005). When the Politics of Desire Meets the Economics of Skin: The History and Phenomenon of a Filipino Gay Magazine. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Lizada, Miguel Antonio Nograles (2011). Gay Poets and the Urbanism of Manila and Singapore. Master's Dissertation, Department of English Language and Literature, National University of Singapore. Download Page.

Lopez TB (2002). Gender and Sexuality: The Perspective of Male Homosexuals. Submitted to: Sociology-Anthropology Department, University of San Carlos. Cebu City. Full Text. (Must Scroll)

Manalastas EJ, Macapagal RA (2004). What Do Filipino Gay Male College Students Want to Learn in Sex Education? The Talastasan (Dialogue) Series.  PDF Download. Download Page.

Manalastas, Eric Julian (2011). Unrequited Love Among Young Filipino Gay Men: Subjective Experiences of Unreciprocated Lovers. Social Science Diliman, 7(1): 63-81. PDF Download.

Mazdafiah, Siti (2011). To support activism: Building communication among lesbian community in Surabaya. In: Saskia E. Wieringa (ed), Women-Loving-Women in Africa and Asia, pp. 241-298. Amsterdam: TRANS/SIGN Report of Research Findings. PDF Download.

Morris  RC (1995). All Made Up: Performance Theory and the New Anthropology of Sex and gender. Annual Review of Anthropology, 24: 567-592. PDF Download.

Nguyen VT (1995). The Postcolonial State of Desire: Homosexuality and Transvestitism in Ninotchka Rosca's State of War. HCM: A Journal of Asian American Cultural Criticicm. 2(21). Full Text.

Niu GA (2000). `Easy Money in Male Prostitution’: an imperialist Apocalypse Now in the Philippines. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 14(1): 91-106. PDF Download.

Oetomo D (2002). Now You See It, Now You Don’t: Homosexual Culture in Indonesia. IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF Download. Download Page.xx

O’Loughlin W (2007). Review of the experience of Most-at-Risk-Populations with the current HIV Testing and Counselling Policy and Practice in countries in Asia and the Pacific. Full Text.

Otalvaro-Hormillosa G (2000). Performing Citizenship and "Temporal Hybridity" in a Queer Diaspora. Antihtesis, 21. Full Text. Related Information.

Peletz MG (2006). Transgenderism and Gender Pluralism in Southeast Asia since Early Modern Times. Current Anthropology, 47(2): 309-340. PDF Download.

Reicherzer SL, Patton JL, Steves M (2007). Transgenders, Vestidas, Hijra, Kathoey: Responding to Cultural Cukltural Expressions of Gender Identity. A PowerPoint presentation of the Texas Association of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Issues in Counseling (TAGLBIC). A Presentation at the American Counseling Association 2007 Annual Convention. PDF Download.

Sherer B (2006). Gender transformed and meta-gendered enlightenment: Reading Buddhist narratives as paradigms of inclusiveness. Revista de Estudos da Religião, 3: 65-76. Full Text.

Suguitan CGB (2005). A Semantic Look At Feminine Sex And Gender Terms In Philippine Gay Lingo. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Tan CKK (2005). Turning the Lion City Pink: Interrogating Singapore's New Gay Civil Servant Statement. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page.

Tan, Kok Kee (2011). Stand up for Singapore? Gay men and the cultural politics of national belonging in the Lion City. PhD. Dissertation, Antropology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. PDF Download. Download Page.

Tan KP, Jin GLJ (2007). Imagining the Gay Community in Singapore. Critical Asian Studies, 39(2): 179-204. Abstract. PDF Download.

Tan ML, Castro P (2000). In the Shadows: Men who have Sex with Men. Philippines: Health. Action Information Network (HAIN). Word Download. PowerPoint. Download Page.

Teh, Yik Koon  (2008). HIV-related needs for safety among male-to-female transsexuals (mak nyah) in Malaysia. Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, 5(4): 178-185. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Teh, Yik Koon (2008). HIV-related needs for safety among male-to-female transsexuals (mak nyah) in Malaysia. Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, 5(4): 177-185. PDF Download.

Teh YK (2001). Mak Nyahs (Male Transsexuals) in Malaysia: The Influence of Culture and Religion on their Identity. IJT. 5(3). PDF Download. Full Text.

Torre BA, Manalastas EJ (2006). Fag Hags in Filipino Gay Culture: Friendships, Identities, and Personality. The Talastasan (Dialogue) Series.  PDF Download. Download Page.

Webster TW (2006). Strategic Communities: The Notion of Keluarga in Indonesia and among Females of Same-Sex Attraction in Yogyakarta. Biennial Conference of the Asian Studies Association of Australia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Webster TW (2004)Beyond the closet: the voices of lesbian women in Yogyakarta. Word Download.

Widyaningsih, Eka (2010). The Social Movement of Gay Community in Gus Van Sant Film Entitled The Tome of Harvey Milk. Undergraduate Dissertation, Strata-1 Degree in Literature, English Department, Diponegoro University, Semerang, Indonesia. PDF Download. Download Page.

Wieringa SE (2007). The admonishment of vegetarian great aunt: reflections on sexual and gender multiplicity and culture. [Women’s Same Sex Relations Crossculturally; Reflections on Borders, Multiplicity and Cultures: Indonesia and the Netherlands Compared.]. Inaugural address of the chair I have been invited to hold, ’Gender and Women’s Same-Sex Relations Cross-culturally’. The University of Amsterdam. PDF Download. PDF Download.

Wieringa SE (2006). Female Masculinities and Sexual Practices in Southern Africa and Indonesia; female-bodied banci and lesbian men. University of Amsterdam: For International Academy of Sex Research June 2006.  PDF Download.

Wieringa SE (2005). Globalisation, love, intimacy and silence in a working class butch/fem community in Jakarta. AASR Working Paper. PDF Download.

Williams W (2009). Strategies for Challenging Homophobia in Islamic Malaysia and Secular China. Nebula, 6(1). PDF Download. Full Text.

Winter S (2006). What Made Me This Way? Contrasting Reflections by Thai and Filipina Transwomen. Intersections: Gender, History and Culture in the Asian Context, 14. Full Text.

Winter S (2005). Of Transgender and Sin in Asia. Paper presented at The First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies, Bangkok, Thailand, July. PDF Download. Download Page

Wright Webster, Tracy  (2008). (Re)articulations: Gender and Female Same-sex Subjectivities in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Intersections: Gender and Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific, 18. Full Text.

Wright Webster Tl (2006). Strategic Communities: The Notion of Keluarga in Indonesia and among Females of Same-Sex Attraction in YogyakartaPDF Download. Download Page. Paper presented at the 16th Biennial Conference of the ASAA (Asian Studies Association of Australia).

Wright Webster TL (2004). Beyond the ‘Closet’:  The Voices of Lesbian Women In Yogyakarta. Research report submitted to and presented at the Centre for Women’s Studies, IAIN Sunan Kalijaga.  Word Download. Download Page

Yue, Audrey  (2007). Hawking in the Creative City: Rice Rhapsody, sexuality and the cultural politics of New Asia in Singapore. Feminist Media Studies, 7(4): 365-380. PDF Download.


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