& Intersexual - Part 1 (Part 2)
Index: Transgender / Transvestite / Transsexual - - Lesbian & Bisexual Women - - Homo-Negativity / Phobia - - Identity Formation & Coming Out - - Counseling & Therapy - - Professional Education - - Bisexuality - - Public School Issues - - Religion & Spirituality - - Homosexuality: Biological or Learned ? - - "Of Colour " : North American & International - - Male Youth Prostitution - - HIV-AIDS - - Gay & Bisexual Male Suicide Problems - - Drug / Alcohol Use / Abuse / Addiction - - GLBT History - - Community Attributes & Problems - - Couples / Families / Children / Adoption / Spousal Violence - - The Elderly
/ Transsexual / Intersexual
See: More Than 250 Full Text Papers and Documents Related to GLBT Suicidality.
"Attempted Suicide" Results For Homosexually Oriented Males & Females: More Than 140 Studies!
At Another Website (Includes Transgender Study Results)
Ontario trans people have overwhelmingly considered suicide (2011).
Aboriginal Two-Spirit Information.
2: - Gender Binary
/ Gender Identity / Related Issues. - Worldwide
New Items - Discrimination
/ Abuses / Murders / Legal Issues - Internet
Resources - Films /
Videos / The Arts -
/ Abstracts / Conferences - Books
- Full Text Articles.
To "The SEARCH Section" For...
The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!
Review (2009): We're all intersex: The author of
"Between XX and XY" on people born neither male nor female -- and why
everyone's a little bit of both.
Gender theorist questions transgender "phenomenon" (2014).
What Is a Woman? The dispute between radical feminism and transgenderism (2014).
How many genders are there?
Symphony of Sexes. - Transgender
"Differently Gendered People" What it is all about! - The
Transgender and Gay Interface. - Ma
Vie en Rose: Transgender, the child and the family (2000). - Measures
of transgender behavior (2001). - Understanding
Transsexualism (1990). - Transsexuality
– An Introduction (Alternate Link). - Introductory Ideas & History of Transsexuality. - Should
transsexuality be freely endorsed by Christians? (1999). - Beyond
Transsexuality (2000). - A
SOFFA is a Significant Other, Friend, Family, or Ally of a transsexual,
transgender, intersex or other gender-variant person. - Boys
will be girls (2003). - Teacher education generally ignores transgender issues (2009). - “I
Am Just So Glad You Are Alive”: New Perspectives on Non-Traditional,
Non-Conforming, and Transgressive Expressions of Gender, Sexuality, and
Race Among African Americans (2008). - For some, shadow of regret cast over gender switch (2009). - Mike Penner: A cautionary tale of 'Transgender Regret' (2009). - Dangerous Intersections: Intersex and Transgender Differences. - What if It’s (Sort of) a Boy and (Sort of) a Girl? (2006). - Volkmar E (2008, PDF). Recent Perspectives on Atyical Gender Identity. Training Course in Sexual Health Research, Geneva, Switzerland. - Pink Boys with Puppy Dog Tails (2010). - 'I identify as a trans man, a faggy queen...': Warren Beatty and Annette Bening's son Stephen speaks about being transgender (2012). - Kristin Beck, Transgender Navy SEAL, Comes Out In New Book (2013). - Transgender
former Navy SEAL tells how she feared that her fellow soldiers would
have hurt her if she revealed her female identity (2013).
is Gender Identity? -
from Northern Concord (England). - Centre for Transgendered People
(Vancouver, B.C.): High
Risk Project Society: An
Introduction to: Gender, Transgender and Transphobia. - Guide
to Intersex & Trans Terminologies. - Boys
will be boys... or not. - Telling
The Children: A transsexual's commentary (2001). - Entendiendo
el transexualismo (1990, Translation). - Questions
answered by Transgender Ireland: The Irish Association for the Transgendered (2002). - From the Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology: Transvestites. Transsexuals. Intersexuality... with links to additional information. - Twenty-Eight Narratives About Autogynephilia N/A. - Confessions of an Autogynephiliac. - Becoming What We Love: autogynephilic transsexualism conceptualized as an expression of romantic love (2007, PDF). - Transvestic Fetishism/ Autogynephilia (Video). - Transgender Men: A Demographic Snapshot (2008). - Developmental Model of Transgender Coming-out, Bockting & Coleman (2007).
Trangender & Personal identity: A research project sponsored by the Canada Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. Prof. M. A. Gilbert, PhD. Principal Investigator. Transgender & Personal Identity: Full Overview. - Free to be she – or he Even if you don’t think you’re trapped in the wrong kind of body, Deirdre McCloskey says, you may still want to consider changing your gender (2007). - ‘Two-Spirit’ Native Americans. - Two-Spirit (Wikipedia): Two-Spirit People (also Two Spirit or Twospirit) is an umbrella term sometimes used for what was once commonly known as berdaches, Indigenous North Americans who fulfill one of many mixed gender roles found traditionally among many Native Americans and Canadian First Nations communities. Third gender roles historically embodied by Two-Spirit people include performing work and wearing clothing associated with both men and women. The presence of male two-spirits "was a fundamental institution among most tribal peoples." Male and female two-spirits have been "documented in over 130 tribes, in every region of North America.". - Rethinking 'Who put the "Trans" in Transgender?' (2006). - Transition Deconstructed (2013). - Witnessing and Mirroring: A Fourteen Stage Model of Transsexual Identity Formation (2004, Download Page). - Who are 'We'? Where Sexual Orientation Meets Gender Identity (2002, Download Page). Transgender Identity Affirmation and Mental Health (2002). - Developing a Model of Transmasculine Identity (2010).
"For most people, the idea of an androgynous gender identity goes in
one ear and out the other; it simply doesn't register. They see no
evidence of it, never heard of it before, and assume they never will
again, so the concept is rejected almost as soon as it is articulated.
This cannot be emphasized enough. Even when the idea is reiterated, the
reaction is usually the same: it is assumed to be faulty data. Society
at large dictates that gender is binary, and androgyne is not one of
the two binary genders. Convincing someone that androgyne is an
authentic gender identity is difficult because people are programmed to
believe that it isn't. Even LGBT (Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender)
people tend to assume that a third gender does not exist. Hate crimes
against LGBT people are primarily based on perceived violations of
gender norms, not sexual transgression, so you'd think that convincing
LGBT people would be easier, but it's often not because they tend not
to see the connection. Even androgynes have trouble discovering and
affirming their own nature, no thanks to society's insistence on the
gender binary. Some Transsexuals are Not Really Transsexual, but
Androgyne..." - Catwalk 2010 Searches for the Next Transgender Supermodel (2010).
Payne, Tina (2010). Transgender: a curriculum for inclusion. Master's Dissertation, Social Work, California State University, Sacramento. PDF
Page. There is a gap that currently exists in the basic diversity
course for the Master of Social Work (MSW) at California State
University Sacramento, in that transgender specific content is not
equally included. This missing information creates a lack of awareness
for all social work students in their education of a vulnerable
population. Early inclusion of transgender content into graduate
diversity courses is essential for building a foundation for cultural
competence. A curriculum was constructed from a deep secondary meta
analysis of existing information including, electronic and academic
sources, historical data, books, film, and other relevant resources,
including the researcher’s personal involvement in the transgender
community. This analysis helped to determine what was most relevant to
include in an introductory transgender curriculum for social work
students including; terminology, history, political struggles and the
specific and cultural needs of transgender people. The curriculum is
designed to invite social work students to examine their own biases
toward gender variant people, as well as aid in building on their
repertoire of social work skills and strategies for practice within the
context of human diversity.
Ashbee, Olivia (2009). Tracing Erasures and Imagining Other-wise: Theorizing Toward an Intersectional Trans/Feminist Politics of Coalition. Master's Dissertation, Department of Women’s Studies, University of Victoria. PDF Download. Download Page.Debates between feminists and trans people are often narrowly framed in terms of inclusion and authenticity, or by questions about the extent to which trans identities challenge or reinforce normative conceptions of sex and gender. The terms of these engagements promote essentialist understandings of identity, difference, and community, and neglect to register the heterogeneity and differential locations of both women and trans people. This thesis examines several contemporary sites of contestation between and among feminist and trans scholars with specific attention to the unspoken assumptions and practices of erasure that shape and constrain these critical ‘border wars’, making certain kinds of subjects and conversations central, while rendering others peripheral, out of the question, or even impossible. Applying an intersectional trans/feminist analysis to the conceptual structure and discursive contours they assume, I investigate how such struggles, and our positions within them, might be deconstructed and reconceptualized in ways that disrupt dominant Self/Other relations and, in turn, make new political understandings and alliances possible.
Grant JM, Mottet LA, Tanis J, Herman JL, Harrison J, Keisling M (2010, Full Text. Full Text. Download Page). National
Transgender Discrimination Survey Report on health and health care.
Findings of a Study by the National Center for Transgender Equality and
the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. Over 7,000 people
responded to the 70 question survey, providing data on virtually every
significant aspect of transgender discrimination—including housing,
employment, health and health care, education, public accommodation,
family life, criminal justice, and identity documents... Lifetime
"Attempted suicide" incidence: 41%. By 'Ethnicity': White (38%), Asian
(39%), Latino/Latina (44%), African American (45%), Multiracial (54%),
American Indian (56%). - Study: Anti-transgender bullying alarmingly
high (2010): "Our study participants reported attempting suicide at a
rate more than 25 times the national average." Rates of attempted
suicide rose dramatically -- to 59 percent -- when the victim’s teacher
or professor was the perpetrator of bullying or harassment. Among those
who had been physically assaulted by a teacher or professor, 76 percent
reported having attempted suicide. "These shocking and disheartening
numbers speak to the urgency of ending bullying in our nation’s schools
and ending discrimination in our nation’s workplaces.
Those who were bullied, harassed, assaulted, or expelled because they were transgender or gender non-conforming in school also reported significantly elevated levels of suicide attempts (51% compared with 41% of our sample as a whole). Most notably, suicide attempt rates rise dramatically when teachers were the reported perpetrators: 59% for those harassed or bullied by teachers, 76% among those who were physically assaulted by teachers and 69% among those who were sexually assaulted by teachers. These numbers speak to the urgency of ending violence and harassment of transgender students by both their peers and their teachers. Education and income both correlate with suicide rates, with those earning $10,000 annually or less at extremely high risk (54%), while those making more than $100,000 are at comparatively lower risk (26%), while still astronomically higher than the general population. Those who have not completed college attempted suicide at higher rates (48% among those with no high school degree, 49% for those with a high school degree only, and 48% for those with some college education) while those have completed college (33%) or graduate school (31%) have significantly lower rates.
Martin, Chicora (2013). The
influence of negative educational experiences on health behaviors among
gender nonconforming American Indian/Alaska Native people. PhD. Dissertation, School of Education, Colorado State University. Download Page.
Abstract: Utilizing data from the National Transgender Discrimination Survey (NTDS) Public Use dataset which reports data collected in the 2009 National Transgender Discrimination Survey (NTDS), completed by The National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, the purpose of this study is to provide more insight into transgender and gender nonconforming Indigenous people's experiences in education and the impact on health behaviors. With 329 responses from those participants identifying as American Indian/ Alaska Native, the quantitative analysis methods of bivariate correlations and logistic regression were used to analyze the impact of harassment and policy barriers in higher education settings on substance use and suicidality for gender nonconforming Indigenous people. Both substance use and suicidality are impacted by the experiences of harassment and barriers in the higher education setting. The impact of these experiences on suicidality is especially concerning, as the rate of over 53% for gender nonconforming Indigenous students is higher than any other group within this sample. This analysis offers some insight into these experiences of this population and how important interventions in the higher education setting--related to both reducing incidents of harassment and addressing policy and access barriers--may be to the success of gender nonconforming Indigenous students in college.
Exploring the diversity of gender and sexual orientation identities in an online sample of transgender individuals (2012):
Although the term transgender is increasingly used to refer to those
whose gender identity or expression diverges from culturally defined
categories of sex and gender, less is known about the self-identities of
those who fall within this category. Historically, recruitment of
transgender populations has also been limited to specialized clinics and
support groups. This study was conducted online, with the aim of
exploring the gender identities, sexual orientation identities, and
surgery and hormonal statuses of those who identify with a gender
identity other than, or in addition to, that associated with their birth
sex (n = 292). Genderqueer was the most commonly endorsed gender
identity, and pansexual and queer were the most commonly endorsed sexual
orientation identities. Participants indentified with a mean of 2.5
current gender identities, 1.4 past gender identities, and 2 past sexual
orientation identities. The majority of participants either did not
desire or were unsure of their desire to take hormones or undergo sexual
reassignment surgery. However, birth sex and age were significant
predictors of "bottom" surgery and hormone status/desire, along with
several identities and orientations. This study explores explanations
and implications for these patterns of identification, along with the
potential distinctiveness of this sample. - Related: The Diversity of Gender & Sexual Orientation Identities of Transgender Individuals (2012, Research Summary & Video). - The Diversity of Gender & Sexual Orientation Identities of Transgender Individuals (2012, Video). - Transgender sexuality (Wikipedia).
Transsexual, Transgender, and Intersex History. - 20th Century Transgender History And Experience. - A Brief History of Transsexuality. - COGIATI: Combined Gender Identity And Transsexuality Inventory. - Transgender Aging Network. - Transsexuality: What it is, How it exists, What to do about it, and even some thoughts about the Why of it too. - Transgender clergywoman raises new issue for church. - Pioneers of Transgendering: The Popular Sexology of David O. Cauldwell - by Richard Ekins and Dave King. - A Transgender History. - Trans History Timeline.
Our Needs: Coming out for Transsexuals and Transvestites. - Why
Bother Coming Out? - Transsexual
Coming Out Letter to Parents. - Coming
Out Christian. - Gendered
sex work in the San Francisco tenderloin. - Gina:
The Woman Within tells the truly remarkable story of the writer's traumatic
and reluctant, but inevitable, transgender journey of discovery, after
a lifetime spent running away from herself. (Book) (Related Information) - AlmostKate:
This site follows my transition from male to female. - NikaAskini.com:
This site was started in 1999 when I was an adventurous little ankle
biter! What started out as a high school pastime, turned into a full
blown articulation and extension of who I am as a person. The site has
taken many different forms, and as you can imagine has changed along
with me. Initially it was just a gallery of images and slowly as my
career as an educator, activist, and writer began to take hold this
site held a number of my thoughts. It has also served as an story about
my transition from male to female and all that my gender change has
entailed. That is perhaps what brings people back and what folks find
most fascinating. I have tried to be as open about my transition as
possible and to provide some honest insight into the process of gender
change for a late-teens, early-twenties male born feminist.
Homelessness and the Transgender Homeless Population (Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 14(4), 2010): From Conference Proceedings: The Psychiatric Needs of the Transgender Homeless Population, see abstracts for... Healthcare Needs of the Transgender Homeless Population, Shelter and Transitional Housing for Transgender Youth, Treating the Transgender Homeless Population: Experiences During Residency Training. - "I Don't Think This Is Theoretical; This Is Our Lives": How Erasure Impacts Health Care for Transgender People (2009).
A Comparative Study of Male Transvestites, Male to Female Transsexuals, and Male Homosexuals. (Alternate Link) - Melanie Yarborough Transgender Articles. - Gender Identity Disorders in Children and Adolescents (PDF). - Changes in the sexual orientation of six heterosexual male-to-female transsexuals. - School of Transgender Studies. - The Traits of Transsexuality. - Transgender Experiences in Scotland (PPT, 2008): Presentation / Study.
on Social Work Education: Commission on Sexual Orientation and Gender Expression (Association of Social Workers Concerned with Gay and Lesbian
Issues). - Transgender
Book Reviews. - Policy
on Sexual Orientation and Gender Preferred Identity (PDF Download (See Appendix 7, not given! But here: "Should you require a copy of any of the above AEU policies, please email the AEU to request a copy."). - Equal Opportunity (Gender Identity and Sexual orientation) Act 2000, Victoria, Australia.. - TransProud
Resources. - Mermaids:
For Transgendered Children, their families and carers. - Gender Variant Children: Transgender Parents. - Second Annual Transgender Religious Leadership Summit (2008). - Seeing the 'T' in GLBT: D.C. marks the first-ever Transgender Awareness Month (2007). - 2nd Annual Transgender Leadership Summit (2007). - We must end discrimination against transgender people (2008). - Healthy People 2020 Transgender Health Fact Sheet (2010).
LeBlanc, Fred Joseph (2010). Unqueering Transgender? A Queer Geography of Transnormativity in Two Online Communities. Master's Dissertation, Victoria University of Wellington. PDF
Page. This research implicates gender in the study of sexuality and
suggests a genealogy of transgender that consists of both the
medicalisation of transsexuality and the articulation of gender
performances in gay liberation’s politics of difference. While the
transgender subject is often idealised in queer discourses, this
research positions the transsexual (one articulation of transgender) as
normative: conservative gender politics, the ontological separation of
gender and sexuality that echoes assimilationist gay and lesbian
politics, an identity based on essentialist biology and psychiatric
“wrong body” discourses, and the privileging of passing technologies
such as hormone replacement therapies and sex reassignment surgery
(themselves justified though the elaboration of wrong body discourses).
Further to this, the public rendering of some transgender bodies as
nonconformist results in violence and the need to explore alternate
spaces of being, namely the internet which has the potential to build
community, raise consciousness of gender and transgender oppression, but
can also be used to legitimate transnormative (re)productions of the
self. The analysis of two online communities of transgender individuals
shows the most frequent users tended to be transsexual and privileging
conservative gender politics and an essentialist medical etiology of
transsexuality. Users were also typically more knowledgeable in passing
biotechnologies than some medical professionals. In one community that
are tailored to transgender individuals, subjects felt at ease to
discuss a variety of topics and explore the complications of
transgender. In the second community, tailored towards feminists in
general, transgender issues were addressed in a more confrontational
manner, often exposing the transphobic nature of some feminisms.
Weiss, Jillian Todd (2004). The Cutting Edge of Employment Diversity: Transgender Human Resources Policies in U.S. Employers. The Law, Policy and Society Program, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts. PDF Download. In a 2001 law review article, I suggested that there is a fundamental right to “gender autonomy” that protects people with transgender and transsexual identity. I grounded this in what was then called the “right to privacy,” an outgrowth of substantive due process. There have been significant developments in the law since then, and many commentators have discussed the possibility of a right to gender autonomy. This article looks to review the work that has been done since that time. It also focuses on how the groundbreaking, but widely misunderstood, 2003 decision in Lawrence v. Texas impacts this right. Lawrence has made it possible to argue successfully that laws and policies impacting gender autonomy are not rationally related to state interests. This would impact gender restrictions such as those found regarding birth certificates, laws requiring or permitting sex segregation in public facilities, employment or sports, restrictions on crossdressing or transition for youth, in divorce custody situations and in prisons, health insurance exclusions, marriage restrictions, and military service laws.
transsexuals born that way?
Differences in the Brain. - Brain
Difference. - Brain
Neurochemicals. - Tomboys
bred in the womb. - It
isn't the Hormones. - Gender-related
traits in transsexuals and nontranssexuals. - A
psycho-endocrinological overview of transsexualism. - Sex
differences in androgen receptors of the human mamillary bodies are related
to endocrine status rather than to sexual orientation or transsexuality.
order and ratio of brothers to sisters in transsexuals. - Male-to-female
transsexuals have female neuron numbers in a limbic nucleus. - The
disparate maternal aunt-uncle ratio in male transsexuals: an explanation
invoking genomic imprinting. - Cognitive
ability and cerebral lateralisation in transsexuals. - Personality
characteristics and sexual functioning of 188 cross-dressing men. -
identity in transvestites and male transsexuals. - Male-to-Female Transsexuals Have Female Neuron Numbers in a Limbic Nucleus. (Journal of
Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 85(5): 2034-2041. Full Text). - Definition and Synopsis of the Etiology of Adult Gender Identity Disorder and Transsexualism. Reevaluating
Sex Reassignment: Evidence supports nature over nurture in establishing
gender identity. (Alternate
'Born in the Wrong Body': Transgender youth share their stories in an MSNBC documentary. - Young transsexuals should be allowed to put puberty on hold: Halting development allows teenagers time to consider their potential treatment, says Richard Green (2008). YouTube: Transsexual Children youth. - Transgendered Children and Youth, Ottawa-Carleton, ON, Mental Health Resources. - Safe
Schools: Transgender and Gender Variant Children and Youth: Resources
for Parents/Guardians, Family Members, Educators and Allies. - Research Shows Lack of Support for Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth in U.S. School Systems. - Sacramento Based Radio Hosts Defame, Advocate Violence Against Transgender Children (2009). - Caring for Transgender Adolescents in BC: Suggested Guidelines (2006). - Notes On Gender Transition: Second Opinion. - Transgender kids: How young is too young for a sex change (2009). - Suppressing puberty with a view to sex-change surgery. - Lives in a chiaroscuro. Should we suspend the puberty of children with gender identity disorder? (2008). UK Doctors 'Failing' Children Trapped In Gender Limbo, According To Experts (2008). - Different (2010): A new medical treatment helps teens who feel they were born the wrong sex. - Dispute on Transgender Rights Unfolds at a Colorado School (2013).
'My body is wrong':
Should teenagers who believe they are transgender be helped to change
sex? And if so, what about the four-year-olds who feel the same way?
Viv Groskop meets the parents and doctors in favour of intervention. - Transgender Kids: Not Just a Phase (2009). - Two Families Grapple with Sons' Gender Preferences: Psychologists Take Radically Different Approaches in Therapy (2008). - Transgender Kids: Boys Will Be Girls: If your child longed to be the opposite sex, would you let them "switch teams?" (2008). - Hormone Blockers for Transgender Kids? (2007). - Second Grade Boy Lives Life as a Girl (2008). - Helping Transgender and Gender Variant Youth (Video). - Barbies and Beer: Narrative Therapy with a Gender Variant Child.
A Boy's Life
(2008). Since he could speak, Brandon, now 8, has insisted that he was
meant to be a girl. This summer, his parents decided to let him grow up
as one. His case, and a rising number of others like it, illuminates a
heated scientific debate about the nature of gender—and raises
troubling questions about whether the limits of child indulgence have
stretched too far. Commentary. - Transgender kids: How young is too young for a sex change? Delving into the often tumultuous worlds of transgender youth (2009). - Transgender Youth, Adolescent Decisionmaking, and Roper v. Simmons (Alternate Link, 2009). - Born in a bind: treating transgender children (2007). - Children's Hospital Boston Offers "Sex Change" to Adolescents (2008).
Understanding Gender Identity in K-12 Schools. - Lonely road: Why school is hell for transgender pupils (2008). - TransAmerica: Coming soon to a school near you. Should a male student be allowed to dress as a girl and use girls’ restrooms? (2009). - Kids Pulled From Transgender Teacher's Class (2008). - Transgendered Children in Schools: a critical review of Homophobic Bullying: safe to learn – embedding anti-bullying work in schools. - Research Shows Lack of Support for Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth in U.S. School Systems. - Guidance on Combating Transphobic Bullying in Schools. - Transphobic Bullying in Schools. - Lonely road: Why school is hell for transgender pupils. - Trans Youth at School. - Transgender teens: girls will be boys
(2010): The soap Hollyoaks is about to introduce a challenging new
storyline about Jasmine, the girl who wants to be Jason. Can it help
change attitudes to transgender teens?
Harsh Realities Finds Transgender Youth Face Extreme Harassment in School. - Harsh Realities: The Experiences of Transgender Youth in Our Nation's Schools
(2009): "Societal norms of gender expression - masculinity or
femininity - pervade American culture, on television, in advertising,
at sporting events and in school hallways nationwide. Children hear
words like “sissy” or “tomboy” or expressions like “you throw like a
girl” from their first days on the playground. Name-calling and
bullying based on gender expression are among the first forms of
harassment that young people learn and experience. And as transgender
and gender nonconforming students enter middle and high school, they
can face far harsher realities than name-calling, including harassment
and physicalviolence." - Transgender youth gaining acceptance / More schools are honoring students' gender identity (SF, 2004). - Working With Transgender Students: Information for School Psychologists (2009). - Growing Up Transgender: Safety and Resilience (2008). - ACT for (Trans) Youth, Part 1: Growing Up Transgender: Research and Theory (2008).
60 Minutes (2009, Australian Video):
My Secret Self: This is a story that at first glance seems quite
unbelievable. It's about a little girl called Jazz. She's only eight
years old and she was born a boy. She is probably the youngest
transgender child in the world. For years, Jazz felt something was
wrong, that somehow she was trapped in the wrong body. So she decided
to dress and live as a girl.And even more controversially, her parents accepted it. - Transgender Kids: The Dr. Oz Show Segment [Video, part 1 of 2]: Parts 1 & 2. - Transgender kids on Tyra shed a whole new light on viewers (Video, 2010). - Transgender Kids tonight on TV One (2010). - On TV: Transgender Kids (2010).
ABC's 20/20 on Trankids: 'I Want to Be Seen as Male': Transgender Teenager and His Parents Share Their Story With Barbara Walters
(2008): Last year, Barbara Walters spoke with the families of three
transgender children who agreed to share their stories. Now, one year
later, "20/20" has reached out to the families again to learn what's
happened since the original "20/20" episode aired. All three families
said that the story helped change their world for the better. Advocacy
groups also report a significant surge in young transgenders coming
out. Read below to find out more about Jeremy, formerly known as
Rebecca. - 'I'm a Girl' -- Understanding Transgender Children: Parents of Transgender Child Support Her Choice (2008). - Born With the Wrong Body: Transgender 10-Year-Old Girl and Her Family Talk to Barbara Walters. - Transgender Children: Frequently Asked Questions to Help You Understand Transgender Children (2007). - A Better World for Transgender Children: Life has improved for many of the transgender kids '20/20' profiled last year (Video, 2008). - Coping with Rejection: Experts help parents of transgender kids love their children for who they are (Video, 2008). - Transgender Kids: Early Revelations: Some children identify as a different gender, saying they're the "wrong sex." (Video, 2008). - Transgender Children: A transgender teenager and his parents talk to Barbara Walters (Video, 2007). - Transgender Children Face Unique Challenges: Families Talk to Barbara Walters About Rejection, Harrassment and Isolation (2007). - "The View" on Transgender Kids (Video, 2010).
"This is a website about male to female transsexuals who were obviously
feminine as young children and whose social and sexual issues are
improved by choosing to live as female rather than male, a decision
which usually takes place between the onset of puberty and the end of
puberty for the majority of us. We have been called different names in
the past, primary transsexuals, "true" transsexuals and most recently
homosexual transsexuals. We feel this last taxonomy is more
etiologically and descriptively correct and that it holds the most
potential for understanding, both socially and therapeutically, those
of us who begin our lives as "transkids... We prefer to speak about our
lives and issues ourselves and we are not helped by having our lives
and issues represented and re-interpretted by non-homosexual
transsexuals whose histories, motivations, etiology and personal
understanding of their transsexuality is different from our own. In the
controversy following the publication of J. Michael Bailey's The Man
Who Would Be Queen there has been an exclusive focus on the reactions
of autogynephilic transsexuals to the concept of autogynephilia. It's
only appropriate for us to represent our own vantage point and
perspective rather than continuing to allow autogynephilic transsexuals
to speak for us. Our own voices need to be added to the discussion of
Transkids.us: 'What is wrong with some common transsexual ideas' or Myths from the standard transsexual narrative. - The Gender Identity Fallacy: How an Irrational Concept Prevents a Rational Understanding of Transsexuality. - Treatment recommendations for hsts transkids. - hsts in Singapore:
In Singapore and most of SE Asia where I'm from... transgirls like
myself mostly start off as gay boys first... and then later branch away
from the gay community to transition as women. It is loosely termed as
the sisterhood here because the girls here hang out together a lot,
both for guidance from older sisters and friendship...
The Watson Table: From "low level transvestite" to "transvestic transsexual" to "high intensity transsexual." - Psychology & Psychopathology of Transgenderism. - Crossdressing Transformation Contents. - Julia's Teen Crossdressing Page. - What The Bible Says About Crossdressing? - Cross-Dressing & the Bible (2001). - Crossdressing and Christianity (1999). - Crossdressing and Christianity: A REAL Man's Struggle (1999). - Crossdressing and Society (1997). - Ethics And Crossdressing. - Cross-dressing in The Roaring Girl. - Thomas Middleton's and Thomas Dekker's 'The Roaring Girl'. - Cross Dressing with a Difference: 'The Roaring Girl' and 'Epicoene' (2005). - The discrimination faced by transvestites (2010).
information from Cathy
Anderson's Pages (From Archives): - Internet
Resources. - Crossdresser
Support: "There are lots of fun websites for crossdressers. But from
time to time, every crossdresser asks serious questions, too." - Jung's
Anima Theory and How it Relates to Crossdressing. - Freud's
Sexual Inversion Hypothesis and Crossdressing. - From John's
Pages (From Archive): - Why
Be A TV? - What
scientists believe. - The
Dark Side of Crossdressing: Staying Balanced and Keeping Yourself Under
Control. - Transvestite's
Mother Wins $2.9 Million In Suit Against City For Malpractice On Her Deceased
Son. - No cross-dressing at Morehouse College. (2009) - Cross-dressing teens get own school bathroom (2008).
Drag King (Wipedia). - Drag King Links. Diesel Drag king Links. - Of Catamites and Kings: Reflections on Butch, Gender and Boundaries. - Just Like A Man. - 'Venus Boyz': the documentary film described by its director as a journey "in search of the women who live in between, and also of the man they become, be it for a night or a lifetime", charts examples of female masculinity from its most obvious realms, the Drag King arena, trans identities and intersex identities. - By Fan or By Sword: Cross Dressing in Golden Age Theatre as a Means of Social Resistance By Female Playwrights of the Era. - Gender and Body Construction in Edo Period Kabuki.
A Cognitive Behavioral Analysis of Transvestism. - Relativity of Gender: The Five Natural Categories of Sexes. (Google Search: "Relativity of Gender)- What is GIDreform.org? - The second self and male transvestism. - Transvestism and the Construction of Self. - Crossdressing Satisfies Need to Fully Express Self. - Betrayals (Wives and Crossdressing). - Cross dressing and gender dysphoria in people with learning disabilities: a descriptive study (2009).
From Vested Interests: Cross-dressing & Cultural Anxiety (1991). (Book Review published in Postmodern Culture) (Google Books) - Journal: Cross-Dressing Kickboxer Is a Big Hit in Thailand. - Crossdressing: CD-tips Home Page. - CrossDressing Guide - Informationen für CrossDresser. -The social organization of transvestite prostitution and AIDS. - Male transvestite prostitutes and HIV risk (1993).
Queer Play: The Cultural Work of Crossdressing in Medieval Drama. - Cross-Dressing in Antiquity: Art and Text. - Cross-Dressing in Shakespeare's Plays N/A. (Related Information) - Patterns of Crossdressing in Shakespeare’s Comedies. - Crossdressing in Indian Theater.- Cross-dressing in film and television. Cross-Dressing in Film. - On the Arts: Transvestism through the ages has served cross purposes. Cross-dressing Cultures. - Why White Boys Sing the Blues: Lott explores "Racial Cross-Dressing." - Crossdressing in the Renaissance. - Cross-dressing, sexuality, and gender identity of Joan of Arc. - Cross-dressing, Alter Egos, and the Artist. - Mark Twain's cross-dressing oeuvre.
Welcome to Mark Leonard’s one-of-a-kind comedy-drama, "Nikki and Bobby". A tale of romance between a straight white sheriff and a black transvestite from Times Square, "Nikki and Bobby" rises above cheap jokes to genuinely explore racism, homophobia and sexual possibility. As a love story, it’s intriguing. As a play, it’s not entirely successful. Would you believe it’s based on a true story? - Hedwig and the Angry Inch: Not Your Average Transvestite Musical. - Cross-dressing a long show business tradition in Japan (2007).
My son, the cross-dresser Just because he plays soccer in ballet slippers, does that make him a weirdo? - I humiliated my cross-dressing teenager. - Cross dressing at middle school causes controversy. - Whose movement is it?(transsexual feels part of the gay community): Transgender activists seek allies among often-reluctant lesbians and gay men N/A. (The Advocate) - Trans-Genders Go Home! When the Queers Shut Out the Trans Community. - The Gender Education and Advocacy organization has donated the National Transgender Library and Archive (NTL&A) to the University of Michigan.- Genetics vs. love.(same sex marriage): When one partner in a couple is transgendered, the courts say DNA counts more than a marriage certificate. - The secret life of men who wear female underwear.
Helping Wives of Crossdressers to Understand and Cope.- Today’s Crossdresser: The Perfect Husband! (2009) - Women in relationships with cross-dressing men: a descriptive study from a nonclinical setting. - Sexual Orientation Confusion Among Spouses of Transvestites and Transsexuals Following Disclosure of Spouse's Gender Dysphoria (1997). - Male Cross-Dressers in Therapy: A Solution-Focused Perspective for Marriage and Family Therapists (2001). - Old Hags & Sagging Bags: A Forum for Ancient Cross-Dressers (Newsletter/forum for aging cross-dressers and other transgendered people). - Advice for women with crossdressing partners. - Advantages of having a crossdressing husband. (Alternate Link) - Coping With Crossdressing: Essays & strategies for dealing with issues. - Boys Cross Dressing: Common Misconceptions. - Cross dressing in children. - Coping With Crossdressing: Essays & Strategies for dealing with crossdressing issues. - A web site for all gifted cross dressing people..
Crossdressing in the Czech Republic. - Crossdressing in Brazil: Behind the Glitter. - Crossdressing in Australia. - Challenging sexual stereotypes: is cross-dressing "un-African"? - Crossdressing in St. Louis. - The Seahorse Society of NSW Inc: Crossdressing in Sydney. - Cross-dressing Italian cop given the boot. - The rights of transvestites in Argentina (2001). Argentina: Transvestite dies in detention (2000). - Transvestite killings on the rise in Guatemala (2006). - For These Transvestites, Still More Role Changes (Indonesia, 2003). - High rates of sexually transmitted diseases among male transvestites in Jakarta, Indonesia (2003). - "Transvestites Unplugged": Does the Malay Society in Singapore Regard It as a Deviance? (2006).
renditions of doing female drag: feminine appearing conceptual variations
of a masculine theme. - by Steven P. Schacht (PDF
Download). From the Abstract: "I highlight the apparent differences
and striking similarities of those doing female drag. By locating female
impersonators within the matrices of gender and sexual performance, identity,
and embodiment, a multifarious viewpoint of this activity results that
better illuminates participants’ contextual motivations for undertaking
what the dominant culture otherwise often defines as a stigmatized presentation
of self. Out of the myriad of ways those doing female drag comes the strong
impression that, while such individuals may be gender traitors of sorts,
they are anything but gender anarchists."
RuPaul Sounds Off On New Season Of 'RuPaul's Drag Race,' Obama, The Word 'Tranny,' And More
(2012): On this idea of how people identify, what they call themselves,
a lot of controversy too, lately, over the word "tranny"-- Yes. Lance
Bass just apologized for using the word "tranny." What do you think of
all that? [Laughter] It's ridiculous! It's ridiculous! Words -- it goes
back to grade school: Sticks and stones, you know the rest. The thing is
you have to look at the ego, you have to follow the money, and the
payoff. And the payoff is that the ego wants attention no matter what.
It will try to get it wherever the hell it can, whether it's positive or
negative. So you have to ignore it basically -- you have to starve it
out. And unfortunately in our culture one person can write a letter to
the network and they shut something down. It's unfortunate. But I love
the word "tranny." And no one has ever said the word "tranny" in a
derogatory sense. In fact, you have to go to the intent of the person
saying it. Of course Lance Bass, his intent would never be to be
derogatory. Never. So, you know, that's really ridiculous. And I hate
the fact that he's apologized. I wish he would have said, "F-you, you
tranny jerk!" --- It's something that a lot of activists feel though is
used against them in a negative way. But, I mean, lesbians, a lot of
them call themselves dyke too, right? So, you can call yourself these
words. - Right, because they've earned the right to do it. And in the
ACT UP age we called ourselves queers because we earned the right, we
took the word back. But in reality, once you go even deeper, you know,
you have to come from intent. And black folks call themselves the n-word
all the time. It's because the intent is coming from a place of love.
If the intent is coming from a place of hatred, that's different. But
you can't legislate intent. You can't -- there's no way to do it. So,
the truth is, you have to fix that individually on a one by one basis.
If somebody calls you a green martian, would you be offended by it? No,
you wouldn't be. Why? Because you know you're not a green martian. But
if you're offended by someone calling you a "tranny," it was only
because you believe you are a "tranny!" [laughter.] So then, the
solution is: Change your mind about yourself being a "tranny."
Transgender and Crossdressing Books, Videos and Information. - Gianna's articles on closets apply to those who crossdress in private or in public, while remaining in the gender role of their birth. - Transgender and Crossdressing Resources - Clinical Social Work. - Tri-Ess: The Society For The Second Self. - Crossdressing Freedom. - TrannyWeb.com - Men Who Wear Panties. - Tranny International. - URNotAlone. - Coping With Crossdressing. - The Girl Inside. - Cross Dressers Wives - Resources. - A user created transvestite movie list.
Search the QRD. - Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search Google.com - Search findarticles.com: many full text articles and papers. - Open Directory: Crossdressing. - Google.com: Crossdressing. - Yahoo Directory. - Open Directory.
Guide - Filme zum Thema CrossDressing. - Verkleidung,
Verwirrung, Verführung - Crossdressing im Film. - glbtq: Crossdressing Literature. - CrossDressing Books. - Ralph W. Judd Collection on Cross-Dressing in the Performing Arts.
Smith, Tones (2011). Pathology, bias and queer diagnosis : a crip queer consciousness. Master's Dissertation, Social Work, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, Massachusetts. PDF Download. Download Page. The medical industrial complex has historically contributed to the oppression and pathology of queer and disabled people in a myriad of ways; through forced medication and institutionalization, as well as denial of self-determination and identity. Queer theory and disability theory both challenge modes of normalcy directly related to both queer and disabled identities by using a lens that encompasses sexuality, gender, embodiment, health and impairment. This paper will use queer theory and disability theory to analyze the ways in which queer and disabled identities are connected and co-constructed, as well as, the ways in which these intersections may expand our thinking in social work. The current diagnosis and controversy around Gender Identity Disorder as a diagnosis in the DSM will be examined through the lenses of queer theory and disability theory, to aid in the continued movement to depathologize queer and disabled identities. It is the perspective of this paper that the liberation of queer people is directly linked to the liberation of disabled people and that trans/queer justice is disability justice.The High Price of Looking Like a Woman (2011): For these women, yearning to appear more feminine, and unable to afford gender reassignment surgery, pumping can seem like a relatively cheap and easy shortcut. The names of pumpers travel by word of mouth, handed down from older women to younger ones just beginning the process of transition. Some operate in teams, renting a hotel room and holding a pumping party to inject 10 or 20 women at a time. It is a dangerous, and sometimes fatal, practice. Most plastic surgeons say silicone is safest when used as enclosed implants, but pumpers use loose silicone, which can migrate and cause disfigurement or significant scarring. Because medical-grade silicone can be hard to come by without hospital connections, some pumpers even inject cooking oil or industrial-grade silicone intended for cars and airplanes, said Dr. Anita Radix, a physician at Callen-Lorde Community Health Center in Manhattan, which primarily serves the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community...
Bohane, Katie (2010). Self-made women: The (re) construction of self following male to female gender reassignment surgery. PhD Dissertation, School of Psychology, University of Leicester. PDF
Download. Download Page.
Emergent themes in the interview data were clustered into five
super-ordinate themes, where participants had communicated the following
issues of significance to them: the importance of contextualising
surgery; the social dimension of the procedure; the need to distinguish
between gender and sex; the notion of having made a difficult but
necessary choice; and the sense of living between genders
post-operatively. Conclusions: The findings of the current study suggest
that from a psychological perspective, surgical gender reassignment has
complex implications for both the patient and those around them, such
that it is perceived as both life-changing yet ultimately limited as an
intervention. Further research is needed to build on these findings, for
example through examining the experiences of partners and family
members whose are themselves integral to the experience of constructing
gender in this way.
the Transsexual. - Gender
counselling and its difficulties in cases of acute and chronic gender dysphoria.
and Sexual Orientation: How to Create More Sensitive Environments for Gay,
Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered Clients. -
on Gender Transition by Anne Vitale PhD. - Everything
You Ever Wanted to Know About Sex Change (but were afraid to ask).
in Thailand: Links. - Trans Australia - A resource for Australian's experiencing Transsexualism / Gender Dysphoria. - Couple's Therapy when the Male Partner Crossdresses. - Working with Female to Different Gender Students: Language, Development, Inclusion. - Mistaken identity (2004, Alternate Link):
Once, if you felt you were born the wrong gender in the wrong body, you
had to put up with it. Now, there are up to 400 sex change operations a
year carried out in Britain. Some transsexuals who resort to surgery
live to regret it, others decidedly do not. David Batty hears their
Counseling Transsexual Populations. - High Risk Project Society: An Introduction to: Gender, Transgender and Transphobia. - Guide to Intersex & Trans Terminologies. - Counseling the Transsexual Client: A Brief Overview of Transsexualism for Mental Health Professionals. - Issues of Countertransference in Therapy with Transgender Clients. - Recent Transgender Theory (Feminist Studies, Summer 2001). - Gender identity disorder in adolescence: outcomes of psychotherapy (Adolescence, Summer 1999). - Adolescents With Gender Identity Disorder Who Were Accepted or Rejected for Sex Reassignment Surgery: A Prospective Follow-up Study N/A by Yolanda L.S. Smith (Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, April, 2001: Abstract). - Clinical management of gender identity disorder in adolescents: a protocol on psychological and paediatric endocrinology aspects. - Counseling the Transsexual. - Gender counselling and its difficulties in cases of acute and chronic gender dysphoria. - Transgender and Counseling. - Los Angeles and Southern California transgender counseling and therapy for gender identity issues, disorders, and transvestite crossdressing behavior. - Culture and Sexual Orientation: How to Create More Sensitive Environments for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered Clients. - Order your 'Trans Clients Speak' DVD today!: This is your chance to hear from Transgender and Genderqueer people about their range of experiences with therapists: helpful, insulting, insensitive, uplifting, pathologizing, plaguing, empowering, and healing.
Gender and Sexual Orientation. - The
Issue of Sexual Orientation. - Sexual Orientation Confusion Among Spouses of Transvestites and Transsexual Following Disclosure of Spouse's Gender Dysphoria.. - On
Gender and Body Image. - Transsexuals
struggle to reconcile physical body with self-identity.
Orientation among Male-to-Female Transsexuals.- Trans Sexuality: Literature Review: Sexual Orientation. - Gender
Identification and Sexual Orientation Among Genetic Females with Gender: Blended Self-Perception in Childhood and Adolescence. - Transgender
Experiences: - Transgendered
Scholars Defy Convention, Seeking to Be Heard and Seen in Academe.
in Japan: the country's first out transgendered elected official hopes
to be a role model in a country where few dare to break the mold of tradition. - Transgendered
Children in Schools: a critical review of Homophobic Bullying: safe to
learn - embedding anti-bullying work in schools (UK, 2008).
research shows nature, not nurture, determines gender. - The
Presence of Gender Dysphoria, Transsexualism, and Disorders of Sexual Differentiation
in Males Prenatally Exposed to Diethylstilbestrol:Initial Evidence from
a 5-Year Study. - Gender
Role Reversal among Postoperative Transsexuals by A.J. Kuiper, and P.T. Cohen-Kettenis. - A
Discussion on the Relationship Between Gender Identity And Prenatal Exposure
to Diethylstilbestrol (DES) in 46XY Individuals. - Britain's vanished Tour de France champion reappears - as a woman N/A: Robert Millar. - Robert Millar found, now a woman. - A pound of flesh: The cost of transsexual health care in Canada:
Many provinces, including British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and
Ontario, require that transsexuals seeking government-funded medical
care be assessed at this Toronto clinic by a team of doctors who are
considered to be experts in the field of gender identity... - Engaging Trans Debates on Gender Variance: A Feminist Analysis. - Sexual Identity (National Geographic Video). - In France, Transsexuals Celebrate a Small Victory
(2010): "Last month, France became the first country in the world to
remove transsexualism from its official list of mental disorders — a
major victory when it comes to acceptance of this oft misunderstood
condition..." - A choice of sex (2004): Why would a teenage girl want to become a boy? Genetic research may soon provide the answer.
My transsexual father (Australian Humanities Review, 1997). - Patrick Califia-Rice: Transitions from being a well-known lesbian feminist to being a new father N/A (The Advocate). - Radical Transformation / Writer Patrick Califia-Rice has long explored the fringes. Now the former lesbian S/M activist is exploring life as a man. - Was Snow White a transsexual? - Funding the educational work of transgendered people on low incomes.
The Gender Centre Inc., Sydney, Australia Submission to The 2009-2010 Senate Community Affairs References Committee Inquiry into Suicide in Australia (Download Page) (The Report, June 2010: The Hidden Toll: Suicide in Australia - PDF, Download Page and HTML Version): (B, PDF): The Gender Centre as the peak organization for transgender people in NSW has a plethora of anecdotal evidence on the subject of suicide. It is by combining this anecdotal evidence with the statistical data available that a picture of transgender suicide in Australia can be formulated. The SPA position Statement (2009) does argue that the current research that is available indicates that the prevalence and rates of self harm and attempted suicide are significantly higher amongst transgender people than among non transgender populations.
Lynn Conway: My goal for this website is to illuminate and normalize the issues of gender identity and the processes of gender transition. This project began in the year 2000, as I struggled to "come out" about my past to my research colleagues. I wanted to tell in my own words the story of my gender transition from male to female three decades earlier, in 1968, and then of being outed 31 years later in 1999, while living quietly and successfully in "stealth mode".
Domestic Behavior: Focus on Richard Green's book The Sissy Boy
Syndrome and the work of George Rekers and O. Ivar Lovaas. - Bargaining
Power: Safer Sex and Survival on the Streets of New York: "He says
kids with 'gender atypical behavior' are often the first to get kicked
out by their parents, and then, looking for a meal and a place to stay,
'they quickly learn they're a commodity.' These youth, functioning outside
of an organized sex-work structure, may have very little ability to assess
The Man Who Would Be Queen: The Science of Gender-Bending and Transsexualism - by J. Michael Bailey - Review. - Review. - Review:
"A primary aim of Bailey's book is to challenge the distinction between
sexual orientation and gender identity and expression that has become
commonplace in the LGBT community. "The standard lecture is that sexual
orientation, gender identity, and gender role behavior are separate,
independent psychological traits; a feminine man is as likely to be
straight as gay," Bailey writes. "But the standard lecture is wrong. It
was written with good, but mistaken, intentions: to save gay men from
the stigma of femininity. The problem is that most gay men are
feminine, or at least they are feminine in certain ways." Bailey goes
so far as to assert that "the causes of homosexual transsexualism are
largely the causes of homosexuality."" - The Bailey Affair:
Psychology Perverted (PDF Download):
"Bailey s thesis is that all transgendered women can be divided into
exactly two mutually exclusive classes - extremely feminine homosexual
men, and men who pursue a crossdressingfetish to the point of modifying their bodies. This thesis is not new." Review:
"Bailey’s point in writing this book is exposed near the end, when he
states, “Learning more about the origins of transsexualism will not get
us much closer to curing it” (p. 207). For a person who claims to be
supportive, his notion that transsexualism or crossdressing is a mental
illness in need of a cure makes this work one of the more offensive
ones in recent years to come from one who hides behind the mask of
News Items / Commentaries / Analyses / Reviews: Categorically wrong? A Bailey-Blanchard-Lawrence clearinghouse. - Prof's book challenges opinions of human sexuality: Bailey tackles sensitive transsexuality issues; some find his views offensive. - Report on a J. M. Bailey lecture at Stanford University by Joan Roughgarden. - An investigative report into the publication of J. Michael Bailey's book on transsexualism by the National Academies. - Group rescinds honor for disputed book: "The Lambda Literary Foundation announced Friday that it was removing a controversial book about transsexuality, titled "The Man Who Would Be Queen," from a list of finalists for its annual literary awards." - The gay and lesbian "Lambda Literary Foundation" disses all transsexual women by nominating Bailey's book for a GLB'T' literary award!
The World according to J. Michael Bailey inside "The Man who would be Queen: The Science of Gender Bending and Transsexualism":
"Through our forgiveness I feel we can help foster his personal growth.
I hope the broader transgendered and mental health communities can
forgive one another and acknowledge the legitimacy of each others'
perspectives. I hope that by seeing what dismissive cynicism can do, we
can see in its reflection what honest communication can do. I am
personally optimistic about the future for the relationships between
psychologists and transgendered persons. - Book Controversy Question & Answer - The Bailey Affair, Again. - Transsexual Smokescreen: Ignoring Science In “The Man Who Would Be Queen.” (Submitted
by jmichaelbailey on 4 September 2007): Both in her recent appearance
on KQED’s Forum talk show and in her blog, Stanford University’s Joan
Roughgarden continues her campaign to discredit me and my book, The Man
Who Would Be Queen. Roughgarden’s rate of false accusations per
utterance is so high that it is tempting to take the time to refute
them one by one to the exclusion of getting around to discussing the
science. Indeed, I believe that is the intent of Roughgarden and my
other chief critics. If attention is focused on an endless stream of
(false and outrageous) allegations made against me as a person, then no
one will pay attention to the scientific ideas, presented in my book,
that many of my critics wish to keep hidden. That is the purpose of the
Big Lie, which can be summarized as follows: ...
Dreger AD (2007, in press). The
Controversy Surrounding The Man Who Would Be Queen: A Case History of
the Politics of Science, Identity, and Sex in the Internet Age. Archives of Sexual behavior. PDF Download (Alternate Link). - Responses to Commentaries: PDF Download. Download Page. - Some Media Reponses: - Criticism of a Gender Theory, and a Scientist Under Siege (New York Times). - The show examines the ongoing debate over research into transgender identity. Host: Michael Krasny. - Some Responses by Individuals: - How Can I debate this? By Sophia Siedlberg. - Gender Identity Disorder in Childhood: Inconclusive Advice to Parents (2009, by Alice Dreger). - Pretenders to the Throne: A Reply to Alice Dreger
("Pretenders to the Throne" a commentary on Alice Dreger's "The
controversy surrounding The Man Who Would Be Queen: A case history of
the politics of science, identity, and sex in the internet age,"
Archives of Sexual Behavior (June 2008), 430-433.)
On the Science of Changing Sex:
"Silly Ol' Me" is a middle-aged transsexual woman who transitioned as a
teenager, 35 years ago... This blog is about ideas and the science
behind them regarding what is called rather loosely today, transsexual
or transgender. “Them’s fighin’words!” Seriously, if you’re
not familiar with the denizens of this world, it can be a very
confusing place, with identity politics played for keeps. But my
hope is to cut through the noise and explore facts, “Just the facts
A Walking Map Through The Oppression Of Trans & Intersex People. - Trans and Intersex Survivors of Domestic Violence: Defining Terms, Barriers, & Responsibilities. - Why Serve Trans or Intersex Survivors? - Lesbian, Gay Male, Bisexual and Transgendered Elders: Elder Abuse and Neglect Issues. - Suggested Rules for Non-Transsexuals Writing about Transsexuals, Transsexuality, Transsexualism, or Trans. - State health investigators are probing the apparent suicide of a nationally known Transgender activist at a state-licensed mental-health facility in Tucson. Related: Alexander John "Bear" Goodrum.
Are transsexuals at the forefront of a revolution - or just reinforcing old stereotypes about men and women? - Kate Bornstein: A Transgender Transsexual Postmodern Tiresias. - Silence = Death for Max. - If You're Going to Be a Female, Please Don't Be an Airhead. - Transsexual of color: A Transexual's Opening Song. - A Word On Sexism, and How Cultural Differences Divide the Transsexual/Transgender Community. - Sexism in the Male-to-Female Transsexual.
FTM International: - FTM London. - FTM Resources, NZ. - FTM Resources. - FTM Links and Other Helpful Stuff. - Publications & Resources. - Transgender Health Program: Resources. - Our standard method of reconstruction of the penis and urethra in female to male transsexuals. - Femmes, Butches and Lesbian-Feminists Discussing FTMs.- Burth-Femme Dynamics. - Butch-Femme Relations. - Butch-Femme-Transguy. - Butch/Femme Test (Link to...). - Butch-Femme.com - My Life As An Erroneous Sonogram: An interview of Marcelle concerning his body image and decision to transition female-to-male. - Fenway: Transgender Health Resources.
Transensual Femme. - Transensual Femme: This is a place for Femmes who are primarily attracted to transgendered butches and other guys on the transgender spectrum. Check out this exploration into Femme Identity and the nuances of Stone Butch/Femme Dynamic and FTM/Femme Dynamic. - Yes, just what *is* a transensual Femme, anyway?? - Butch-Femme Resources on the Web. - Butch-femme.net work: Serving the needs of Butches and Femmes, StoneButches and StoneFemmes, TGButches, TransMen, FtMs and their Femmes and MtFs since 1996. - I myself identify as a female to male transgendered guy. - Butch Gender in Transition. - Pursuing the Femme Identity. - Coming Out of the Queer Closet. - “Tranny” and Subversivism: Re-reclaiming “Tranny” (or not) part 1.
the Transsexual Client: A Brief Overview of Transsexualism for Mental Health
Professionals. - Southern
California Transgender Counseling. - Transsexual
Surgery: Its Pros and Cons. - Recommendaqtion for T ransgend
Health Care. - «Une
opération, cela ne se regrette jamais» A Lausanne, le
Dr Paul Daverio reçoit des patients du monde entier. Sa spécialité:
le changement de sexe en une seule opération. Entretien: "On dit
aussi qu’il y a un fort taux de suicide chez les transsexuel(le)s... Attention,
ce ne sont pas les personnes qui se sont fait opérer qui se suicident
ou tentent de le faire. Ce sont justement celles qui n’arrivent pas à
faire comprendre à leur entourage qu’elles sont quelqu’un d’autre
et que l’opération leur serait salutaire; ce sont celles qui se
font trimbaler d’un médecin à l’autre, sans qu’aucun d’eux
ne fasse le bon diagnostic; ce sont celles encore qui doivent se battre
pour que leur assurance reconnaisse leur cas. On ne s’en rend pas compte,
mais beaucoup de médecins ne savent même pas faire la différence
entre les transsexuels, les travestis et les homosexuels! Il y a encore
beaucoup d’information à faire à ce niveau-là." - Serving Trans Elders: What Service Providers Need (and Don't Need!) to Know. - Sexual Assault in the Transgender Communities (1999).
Transcript: Empowering the Transgender Community: The San Diego Experience:
In May 2005 HIV InSite recorded the proceedings of several sessions at
Equality and Parity: A Statewide Action for Transgender HIV Prevention
and Care. Following is a partial transcript of presentations on
Empowering the Transgender Community: The San Diego Experience. -
Addressing Ongoing Areas of Need: National Teleconference on Transgender Health & HIV (2009): The teleconference-based training exchange (Slides & Video)
comprised brief, practical presentations of a range of material,
including: Transgender 101 (Greene) - Epidemiology of HIV in trans
communities in the U.S. (Keatley) - Effective HIV prevention
interventions (Sevelius) - Mental health concerns and support
(Bockting) - General health care concerns for transgender patients
(Kohler). - Transgender HIV Health Services Best Practices Guidelines. - Transgender Health and HIV (2009). - Sex work and HIV status among transgender women: systematic review and meta-analysis (2008). - Estimating HIV prevalence and risk behaviors of transgender persons in the United States: a systematic review (2008). - Transsexual Women: At High Risk for HIV Infection: Assesing the Extent of the Disparity (2007).
Transgender People - AMSA National Inclusion Campaign:
This module is designed to provide your group with a springboard for
discussing current issues in healthcare that affect transgender
individuals. AMSA's hope is that this discussion will also create a
more understanding environment within your medical school for students
who have yet to accept their sexual or gender identities and who
therefore have yet to "come out" as transgender. Furthermore, we would
like all students to gain insight into the unique cultural challenges
faced by transgender persons in order to facilitate professional and
quality patient care...
problem of image: Life in Thailand's twilight zone: Mention the
word katoey and Thais immediately think of the slightly soiled image of
the feminine end of the gay spectrum - the man dolled up as woman, the
limp wrist and exaggerated postures of the lady-boy. But as Thai gays seek
a higher level of social acceptance, so the country's transvestites and
transsexuals are trying to cast off their image as the unacceptable face
of homosexuality... Still, all is not well in the sexual twilight zone.
Trapped in the wrong gender, sometimes desperate to make the change from
male to female, katoey are often prone to depression, anger and rash behavior.
A minority turn to prostitution, others to crime. According to Peter Jackson,
author of Dear Uncle Go: Male Homosexuality in Thailand, a large percentage
of Thai transsexuals kill themselves." - Sporty
Little Number: Thai audiences are lapping up a controversial movie
that deals with gay and transsexual issues: "A box-office smash, Satree
Lex, chronicles the country's gender-bending 1996 volleyball champion...
the lead characters include a lesbian and five katoey - a Thai term that
covers transsexuals, transvestites and effeminate gay men."
The Trouble When Jane Becomes Jack (PDF Download):
"The reaction to the fictional character captured the bitter tension
that can exist over gender reassignment. Among lesbians — the group
from which most transgendered men emerge — the increasing number of
women who are choosing to pursue life as a man can provoke a deep
resentment and almost existential anxiety, raising questions of gender
loyalty and political identity, as well as debates about who is and who
isn’t, and who never was, a real woman... Still, coupled with a
simultaneous trend among the young to reject sexual identity labels
altogether, some lesbians fear that the ranks are growing of women who
once called themselves lesbian but no longer do. “It’s as if the
category of lesbian is just emptying out,” said Judith Halberstam, a
gender theorist and professor of literature at the University of
Southern California, San Diego, whose books include “Female
Masculinity.” ... Despite the tangled set of issues involved, the survival rate of
lesbian couples seems higher than among gay couples when one partner
changes gender, advocates say.
Man raised as girl tells of life as a wife:
Rabei returned recently from an operation in Thailand to correct his
gender -- a procedure for which he obtained consent from both Sunni and
Shi'ite clerics. He is the first Bahraini to go public with news of
such an operation, his lawyer said. It triggered a flood of media
coverage and condemnation from many of his fellow Bahrainis for what
they see as a procedure forbidden by Islam. Most Muslim scholars say
changing one's sex is forbidden unless it is related to an intersex
condition such as Rabei's. His is one of a range of relatively rare
conditions in which there is a mismatch between the body's sexual
genetic code and its physical make up. Instead of having two X
chromosomes -- the female pattern -- he has an XY or male
configuration. This is a complex issue that Rabei said much of Arab and
Islamic society was not yet ready for.
The 1998 HBIGDA (Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association's) Standards of Care. - Report on the Survey of Provision of Medical Care for Transsexualism in UK District Health Authorities carried out in 1995. - Access to Health Care for Transgendered Persons in Greater Boston (PDF Download). - Research Versus Assumption: Adapting the Standards of Care to Address Individual Needs. - Health care needs of transgendered patients. - Unacceptable standards of care proposed: a reasoned critique of the proposals issued for national consultation regarding "gender identity disorder in adults - guidance for the management of transsexualism". Speech: Royal College of Psychiatrists (16 April 2002) - "Trans People in the New NHS" by Dr Zoë-Jane Playdon, Co-Chair, Gay and Lesbian Association of Doctors and Dentists (GLADD). - Conceptualizing trans populations in research and implications in HIV prevention. - Trans activist Sass Rogando Sasot’s speech at the UN (2009).
Family Court Judgement on Transsexual Marriage (Australia). - Transgenders and the Issue of Same Sex Marriage. - Information for Transsexuals and their Partners. - Kids with Transgender Parents. - TransParentcy - References: Transgender Related. - Six year old trans child removed from supportive parents (Must Scroll). - Lesbian wedding allowed in Texas by gender loophole: Same-sex union allowed because one was born a man.
The Cook-Danielses - Who We Are: a queer, transgendered, multiracial family that lives in the North Bay area of San Francisco in Vallejo, California. - What kind of paths do female partners of FTMs take through transitions? - Trans-Positioned: "She's the kind of butch any femme would want: kind and thoughtful, mature and funny, politically aware and playful, handsome and great in bed. You've been soaring on cloud nine since the two of you got together. There's just one little problem that threatens to bring the whole wonderful lovership to a crashing halt. She says that despite her female body, she's actually a man. And she -- or should it be "he"? -- intends to live as one." - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Older Persons.
with Sexual Orientation (Workplace). Employment
discrimination and transsexual people. - Adding
Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity To Discrimination and Harassment
Policies in Schools. - How
Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Impacts the Workplace. - Transgender
Employment Links. - Sexual
Orientation at Work - Gay, Lesbian & Transgender People in the Workplace.
for the Recruitment and Hiring of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and
Transgender (LGBT) Faculty, Staff, and Student Employees (University
of Maryland). - Campus Climate for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Faculty and Staff (University
of Maryland, 2005). - The law protecting employees in California from employment discrimination based on gender identity. - Transgender People Need Advocacy At Work
(2008): Two University of Oregon doctoral students dove into issues of
transgender identities - in the workplace and professional counselling
- and surfaced with a call for psychologists and vocational counsellors
to not only treat but to act as advocates for their clients - and to
help end discrimination in the workplace...
Gender Typing in Stereo: The Transgender Dilemma in Employment Discrimination (2003). - Studies of employment discrimination against transgendered persons. - Transgender veteran wins sex discrimination lawsuit (2008). - Transsexual truck driver tells employment tribunal she was ridiculed and forced out of her job (2008). - Transgender at Work (Rrsources for Employers & Employees). - Testimony
of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Action Fund For the Hearing:
An Examination of Discrimination Against Transgender Americans in theWorkplace (2008)
Battle rages on over transgender rights (2008). - National Center for Transgender Equality: 52 Things You Can Do for Transgender Equality. - Transgender Identities and Public Policy in the United States The Relevance for Public Administration (2007). - Section Review: Legal protections for transgender people (Massachusetts Bar Association, 2007). - Transgender Issues: A Research Summary (2009, Equality Arizona). - Trans
Formation: Three myths regarding transgender identity have led to
conflicting laws and policies that adversely affect transgender people (2008).
to Keep the Boats Together (A Common Ground Column): "Finally,
we must realize that prejudice against one of us is used against the other.
One of the reasons transgender activists oppose versions of the Employment
Non-Discrimination Act that cover only sexual orientation is that we believe
these ENDAs leave most Gays unprotected, too. If firing someone because
they're Gay is illegal but firing someone because he wears an earring or
she wears men's shirts is fine, just how long do you think it will take
employers to learn to say, "Your Honor, I couldn't care less what he does
in bed; it's his appearance I fired him for"?" - Transgendered
people gaining acceptance in gay and lesbian community (2002). - In
Her Own Image: Transgender Activist Pauline Park (2002). - The
Mistake of "GLBT" (2002). - For transgender people, acceptance is hard to find-even in LGBT community (2009).
The Gender Centre Inc., Sydney, Australia Submission to Submissions to The 2009-2010 Senate Community Affairs References Committee Inquiry into Suicide in Australia (2009, PDF): Some of the triggers for suicide include discrimination and bullying. Research has shown that some of the perpetrators of this discrimination and bullying are members of gay/ lesbian and bisexual community. The Human Rights Watch (HRW 2000) research showed that transgender youth are marginalised and attacked within the gay community especially young gay males sexually harassing transgender students. Mailman et al (2000) also argues that transgender people have been stigmatized by well established gay and lesbian organisations that marginalize transgender people and their issues. Anecdotal evidence from case work notes at the Gender Centre also reflect exclusionary practices of the Gay and Lesbian community, particularly from lesbians who summarily exclude trans women arguing that these women do not belong to the lesbian community as they are only males who wear dresses. With this type of discrimination and exclusion evident in the GLB community it raises the question of why the amalgamation of theGLB and transgender communities is considered appropriate.
US Protest Targets Transgender-Less Discrimination Act (2002): "Sleeping in a tent by night and making signs by day, Danielle Clarke began her vigil on May 9 as part of an education campaign about the need for legal protections in the transgender community. "I am just one of the many transgendered people around the country who can't find work"..." - Transsexual picketing Edmonton hotel N/A: "Lisa Hardy - formerly named Doug - is picketing a city hotel today she claims forced her resignation for following a doctor's advice to dress as a woman."
Transgender rights still unenshrined (2008, Canada). - Transgender Struggle
(2008): Transgendered people face lost jobs, estrangement from family
and friends, complicated surgical procedures, ridicule and threats of
violence. But for one Ontarian, the risks were worth it. - Atlantic Transgender. - Atlantic
TransGender (Canada): ATG is not a Crossdresser support group. While
there is nothing wrong with being just a Crossdresser, we as Transsexuals
have different issues that cannot be put away at the end of the evening
with the wig, breast forms, and hip pads. Nor can we live the double lives
common in the CD community. There are many CD resources on the net. For
those of that persuasion in Atlantic Canada I suggest you check out: Gender
Expressions Atlantic. - Maritime Transgendered Worplace Solutions Projects. - Gender Mosaic: Canada's oldest and most established Transgender Support Group. - Masquerade (Winnipeg): A Winnipeg Social Club For Crossdressers & Their Wives/Girlfriends: - Transgender Cafe: Winnipeg Transgender Group. - Transgender Canada. - Transgender Health Program (Vancouver, BC). - Transgendered in Canada. Eps.1 (YouTube).
Transsexuals in Canadian prisons: An equality analysis (PDF Download). 'Cruel and Unusual': trans folk in prison. - Transsexual prisoner victimised. - Transsexual Inmate Treatment Issues. - Transsexual Prisoners. - Transsexualism in Prison. - HMPS guideline proposals for transsexual prisoners.- Deliberate Indifference in Treatment of Transsexual Prisoner. - Breaking out of the prison hierarchy: transgender prisoners, rape, and the eighth amendment (PDF Download) (PDF Download). - New policy for transgender kids in NY juvenile jails (2008). - Italy “to open first prison for transgender inmates” (2010). - Resources on Transsexual / Transgendered People in Prison. - Transgender prisoner resources. - Bibliography: Articles concerning detention and trans people (2008).
Prisons Face Dilemma With Transgender Inmates: Inmates Who Look Like Women, Housed With Men. - Transgendered Behind Bars (2007): A
recent study by the San Francisco-based Transgender, Gender Variant and
Intersex Justice Project on rape in California prisons found that 59
percent of transgender people reported being sexually assaulted in
prison in 2006, compared to 4 percent of the general prison population.
- Community Protests Human Rights Violations against Transpeople in California Prisons (2007). -
Sexual Violence and Transgendered Prisoners. - Transsexual killer and attempted rapist wins 'human rights' battle to be moved to women's prison (2009). - Transgender patients face significant challenges in prison (2010). - Lost in the Gender Maze: Placement of Transgender Inmates In the Prison System (2010). - Transgender Prisoners, Identity, and Detention: Policy Recommendations (Human Rights Watch, 2006).
Support Group Australia Inc: - Gender
Identity Presentation. - Management
of Infants with Intersex Conditions. - dAISy
- The Newsletter of the AIS Support Group Australia. - IAIS
Intersex Links. Press for Change: Intersex
Links. - UKIA
Link. - Intersex
Initiative. - Intersex South Africa (ISSA). - Intersex Society of Utah. - FINE: French-speaking Intersex Network of Europe.
The United Kingdom Intersex Association (UKIA): - Writings by Intersex people. - A Light Still Shining: ... may those who are tempted to become the gender police for society take note and follow the light to where it leads. - The Road to Hell is ... paved with good intentions? - Intersex Support Group International (ISGI): - Manifesto: Intersex Support Group International was established BY and FOR persons whose bodies were born with a physiological or genetic characteristic which has been diagnosed as Intersexual.- Apologetic. - Pediatric Ethics and the Surgical Assignment of Sex.
- The Intersex Society of North America (ISNA) is an education, advocacy,
and peer support organization which works to create a world free of shame,
secrecy, and unwanted surgery for intersex people (individuals born with
anatomy or physiology which differs from cultural ideals of male and female).
1994- . - Bibliographies.
about Intersex Available Online. - ISNA
en español. - Hermaphrodites
Speak. Produced by the Intersex Society of North America, 1996 (Video
Review: Journal of Sex Research, May 2001). - Sex:
none of the above: a message about transsexuality. - Hemaphrodites. - Hermaphrodites with Attitude:
Hermaphrodites with Attitude was the occasional newsletter of ISNA,
published from December 1994 thru Spring 2003. Here are all the back
issues, in pdf form. - Hermaphrodites with Attitude: The Intersex Patients’ Rights Movement and Clinical Reform (2003).
Thea Hillman: The Inner Sanctum of Intersex:
In recent years, Thea Hillman's spoken-word career (she was a
multiple-time National Poetry Slam competitor, toured with Sister Spit
and launched the ForWord Girls authors' festival) has taken a backseat
to her other passion: intersex activism. A board member and former
chair of the Intersex Society of North America, and born intersex
herself, Hillman recently released her second book, Intersex: For Lack of a Better Word--part
childhood memoir, part adult memoir, and part essay on intersexuality
and the world--on San Francisco's estimable Manic D Press. It's both a
departure (her previous book came out of her work in performance
poetry) and not a departure at all: Hillman is no stranger to writing
deeply confessional memoir prose, stirring controversy just by
existing, and finding connections through simple truths. She spoke with
Jewcy about choosing family over art, her issues with Jeffrey
Eugenides, and, well, Judaism...- What's in a name? Everything. Intersex: Why Naming Matters, Or What to Call It, by , Thea Hillman. - Thea Hilman Discusses Being Intersex.
The Child with an Intersex Condition: Total Patient Care (20 minutes). This video tape is addressed to medical and mental health professionals, but is quite accessible to a lay audience as well. - Medical Treatment of Intersexuality: Internet resources. - How can an LGBT office serve intersexed people? Are they included under the "T"? Are there specific suggestions of speakers or printed materials we should acquire? - The self I will never know: Esther Morris, born with an intersex condition, writes about the scandal of 'corrective surgery' whereby thousands of children are mutilated without consent - Sexual & Gender Diversity (Alternate Link) - Mother Nature Strikes Back. - Dangerous Intersections: Intersex and Transgender Differences.
Bodies like Ours: By comparing the new Patient-Centered Protocol with the old Concealment-Centered Protocol, it is easier to understand how they differ. - Our Bodies: Bodies like ours are not created in one way, but rather many. - Our Psyches: Aspiring to be "normal" - Born Between the Sexes (PDF Download) - Bodies like Ours by Alice Dreger (PDF Download) (Full Text) - Our gender: People with bodies like ours sometimes don't particularly fit well into binary, either/or categories due to our unique chemical, hormonal and physical make up. This can also be true when we try to place ourselves solely on one side of the gender scale (feminine) or the other (masculine). - Intersex Issues - An Interview with Betsy Driver: Betsy Driver is an intersex adult, who has been kind enough to share her story and her thoughts with us. She is also the co-founder of an organization called "Bodies Like Ours" that provides information and support to other intersex persons and their families... -“Das verordnete Geschlecht” is a documentary film about sex and body politics. It shows the force of normality and the importance of accepting difference. - Hermaphrodites: Gender Transgression, or Gender Transcendence?
@ HealthyPlace.com: -Vocabulary.
Asked Questions. - Article
Listing. - The
Sex Police. (Alternate
Link) - Multi-Dimensionality
of Gender. - Syndromes
of Abnormal Sex Differentiation. - The
Medical Management of Intersexed Children. - John
/ Joan. - A
Single Word: Stop! - Intersexuality
- A Plea for Honesty and Emotional Support. - A
Native American Perspective on the Theory of Gender Continuum. - Management
Of Intersexuality: Guidelines. (Alternate
Link) - Introduction
of the Newborn With Developmental Anomalies of the External Genitalia -
Policy Statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics, July 1, 2000... This policy is a revision of the policy posted on July 1, 2000: Consensus Statement on Management of Intersex Disorders (2006).
Survivors of Domestic Violence.
The 2010 DSM-5 Issues: - "Depathologize!”: A follow-up: I have not yet seen any reaction from DSD community or family groups about the proposed changes. I suspect that they have been caught by surprise (as have I). Although transgender and other groups have been following the DSM discussions very closely for many years, the widening of the primary gender-related diagnosis was not discussed by DSD groups. The issues of interest to DSD advocates usually pertain to how infants are treated, what sex they should be raised as, and whether any surgeries should be conducted in infancy or later in life, when the persons are able to make decisions for themselves. This change to the DSM seems (to me) to have come out of nowhere. It will be very interesting to see what the DSD communities’ responses will be, as they organize their reactions.
Welcome to the webpage of Intersex Activist and Educator, Photographer, Poet, International Performance Artist, and Columnist, Lynnell Stephani Long. Please take a moment to read my story "A girl named Steve." My life story! As an African-American Intersex Woman, Activist and Educator...
Welcome to the companion Web site to "Sex: Unknown," originally broadcast on October 30, 2001 (Nova Online - PBS). The film investigates the complicated world of gender identity. Here's what you'll find online: My Life as an Intersexual - Two Sexes Are Not Enough (Excerpt from "Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality") - The Intersex Spectrum - How Is Sex Determined? (Hot Science) - Resources. - Articles on Intersex Conditions. -
Organisation Intersex International: Articles:
Ten Misconceptions about Intersex . - The Self is Infinitely More Than
the Sum of Bodily Parts. - Why the intergender community is so
important to the intersex community?
Sociologists for Women in Society Fact Sheet. Prepared by Maura Kelly,
Department of Sociology, University of Connecticut. Spring 2007.
Shadow Report (Germany, 2008: Download Page):
To the 6th National Report of the Federal Republic of Germany On the
United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): "On the basis of the beliefs and
experiences of the authors, this shadow report is devoted to revealing
the denied human rights of intersexual persons as they are standardized
in the UN Convention on the Eliminate all forms of Discrimination
Against Women (CEDAW), and respectively, in conjunction with Article 3
CEDAW, as well as other UN human rights treaties. According to the
legal point of view of by the authors of this report, CEDAW embraces
the protection against discrimination, of all persons who are
physically and clearly not belonging to a male gender. Only through
this expansive comprehension can it be assured that this protection
will be fulfilled for people who have been falsely assigned to a male
or female gender. According to the views ond experiences of the authors
the implementation of an effective protection of persons who have been
defined as intersexual or "DSD" (Disorder of Sexual Development) is not
given through medical science...
Papers: - Please Write 'E' in this Box - Toward Self-Identification and Recognition of a Third Gender: Approaches in the United States and India (2010?). - Surgery on intersex infants and human rights (2009). - Intersexual Genital Mutilation In North America & Europe (2009). - Intersex individuals' religiosity and their journey to wellbeing (2009). - Quantum Sex: Intersex and the Molecular Deconstruction of Sex (2009). - Disorders of Sex Development: Improving Care for Affected Persons and Their Families (2008). - Intersex mental health and social support options in pediatric endocrinology training programs (2008). - Intersex and Intrasex Debates: Building Alliances to Challenge Sex Discrimination (2006). - The Ethics of Surgically Assigning Sex for Intersex Infant (2006). - International Legal Developments Protecting the Autonomy Rights of Sexual Minorities: Who Should Decide the Appropriate Treatment for an Intersex Child? (2006). - Changing the nomenclature/taxonomy for intersex: a scientific and clinical rationale (2005). - Who Will Make Room for the Intersexed? (2004). - Medical photography: ethics, consent and the intersex patient (2002). - Management of Children with Intersex Conditions: Psychological and Methodological Perspectives (2003). - Rhetoric of the Medical Management of Intersexed Children: New insights into "Disease", "Curing", "Illness" and "Healing" (2003). - Engendering Differences: Ethical Issues about Intersex (2001). Sex Reassignment at Birth: A Long Term Review and Clinical Implications (Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 1997).
Alice D. Dreger: Major Academic Articles. - Progress and Politics in the Intersex Rights Movement: Feminist Theory in Action (2009). - Gender Identity Disorder in Childhood: Inconclusive Advice to Parents (2009). + more. - Alice
Dreger was chosen as an Utne Reader visionary in 2011. Each year Utne
Reader puts forward its selection of world visionaries—people who don’t
just concoct great ideas but also act on them (2011).
Iain Morland: 2009 Papers / Chapters:
Why Five Sexes Are Not Enough. - Between Critique and Reform: Ways of
Reading the Intersex Controversy. - What Can Queer Theory Do for
Intersex? - Intimate Violations: Intersex and the Ethics of Bodily
Integrity. - Plastic Man: Intersex, Humanism and the Reimer Case. - Iain Morland: 2009 Papers / Chapters:
Between Critique and Reform: Ways of Reading the Intersex Controversy.
- Impersonal Intersex: Genital Surgery in the Public Sphere.
New Zealand Intersex - Intersexion - Television Documentary (2011): Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5.
Google Directory: Intersexed. - Open Director: Intersexed & Gender Assignment. - YouTube: intersex OR intersexed OR “disorders of sex development” - Intersex Bibliograpgy. - Advocates for Informed Choice: Bibliography. - Zines by Intersex Initiative. - Bibliography of articles accessible online 1994-2006.
= Queer? Not anymore: "Last week the Link published its annual special
issue focusing on Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual and Queer issues. Trans content
(relating to transvestites, transexuals and transgendered persons) was
something decidedly missing from the issue. And that's not something unique
to the Link's coverage of the situation. Gay culture has come to be, in
Montreal anyway, bordering on kitsch. While there are episodes of discrimination,
there is a visible gay community complete with festivals and businesses
focused purely on gay interests. This has melded into the community at
large. Couples walk down the streets holding hands, live openly, and legal
recognition of their unions is in reach. Their Trans cohorts, however,
have been left quietly behind. Many times one can pick up a zine on what
is supposed to be GLBQT issues and will find there is no Trans content
whatsoever. Sadly, there is prejudice and discrimination even within the
community. At times, "straight" gays and lesbians avoid a person or pretend
they are not even there." - The Rebellion is Not Over: Transgender Activism 35 years After Stonewall.
Transgender Activism After Falls City:
"The demonstrators were moved by their rage at the indifference of
mainstream society to the killing of transgender people, and by the
fear that it could have been any of them. As one demonstrator, Kate
Bornstein, the transsexual playwright and performance artist, put it:
"Everyone who fucks with gender has some kind of brush with this kind
of violence. Everyone's got their war stories."... Transgender
people still live, in large part, in that twilight world.
Although we were among the first to fight back, at Stonewall and even
before, most of the hard-won legal protections for gays and lesbians do
not apply to us. We are the "freaks du jour" on exploitive talk shows
like Jerry Springer's. We're thought of as an embarrassment by
"mainstream" gay groups and leaders; in some other LGBT groups, we're
included on a token basis but ignored in practice. How did we get
Maskulinity and The Dress: This paper looks at the question, 'Why can't men wear dresses?' - A Jungian Analysis of TG Identity Development and Internalized Transphobia. - Transgender Inclusion In The "Queer" Community. - Separatism or Inclusion? Stonewall & Us. - Transgender debate: against exclusion. - Do We Have to Include Transgendered Persons? - Divided we Fall. - MWMF Trans-inclusion Petition: N/A WE, THE UNDERSIGNED call for a peaceful re-evaluation of the Michigan Womyn's Music Festival's "Womyn-Born-Womyn" policy (hereafter referred to as "the policy"), with the ultimate goal of including all SELF-IDENTIFIED women.
Transphobia In the Gay Community, Part 1 (2009). - Transphobia In the Gay Community, Part 2 (2009). - Transphobia: Imagine wanting to be someone else, and never being happy until you
become that person. For trans people this feeling dominates their lives
day after day, and it doesn't help when members of an accepting
community -the gay community turn their backs on trans people... - Queerty Transphobia, Racism and White Gay Male Privilege On Display (2009). - Divided We Fall: Addressing Transphobia in the DC Queer Community (2009). - Gay organisations join forces in Ireland to make Homophobia and Transphobia History (2009). - Hate 101: Gay and Lesbian Transphobia – Historical (2010). - Transphobia in the LGB (YouTube). - Protest against ‘transphobic’ Stonewall Awards (2008).
Lesbian Transphobia. - Transphobia in Feminism’s Clothing. - Radical Feminism and the Transgendered, or, how to write a post that will infuriate everyone. - Camp Trans Confronts Transphobia at Michigan Women's Music Festival. - Michigan Womyn's Music Festival: Lesbian And Feminist Musical Artists Supporting Segregation (2010). - Transphobia and Feminists for Animal Rights (2008). - A classic example of transphobia in older-generation gay men. - Transphobia:
This weekend’s Sunday Styles section of the New York Times has a story
by Paul Vitello about lesbians who decide to become men—or decide they
always were men, to be transgenderly correct. - Six Cases of Transphobia within Academia and Why HBIGDA Should Change its Name. - The lesbian community and FTMs: détente in the butch/FTM borderlands (2007). - Bending Over Backwards: Traditional Sexism and Trans-Woman-Exclusion Policies (2007). - Related: Excluding Trans Women From Women Only Spaces: What This Policy Renders Invisible (Including White Racism).
On the Outside Looking In
- 2005 - by Julia Cerano: a 36 page chapbook containing 4 essays and 1
letter providing a trans woman's perspective on feminism and the
exclusion of trans women from lesbian and women-only spaces. See
to Keep the Boats Together. (A Common Ground Column): "...Both
women agree on one point: be they self-mutilating transsexual or faddish
young transgenderist, "trans" not only don't belong in the Gay movement,
they actually threaten it... It's hard to imagine what either woman would
make of my family, which is, of course, the point. The Gay community is
righteously furious when leaders from the religious right repeatedly equate
homosexuality with pedophilia and argue that our attempts to legalize same-sex
marriage are really attempts to destroy their families... One reason is
that many of us belong in both boats. Because sexual orientation is generally
stable through gender transition, virtually every transsexual belongs to
the Gay community (at least by default) either before or after transition.
Similarly, many Gays -- drag queens and kings, stone butches, androgynous
Lesbians, queer faeries, and deMotier's gender-bending young former Act
Uppers -- could fit as well in the trans boat as the Gay one. Asking any
of us to silence or leave at home one part of ourselves -- or, in cases
like mine, our partners -- is, quite simply, immoral. We also need to recognize
that our youth are indistinguishable..." - This Gender Becomes You: Speaking with Trans Playwright Kate Bornstein: “Even
if you win your revolution, I’m still an outlaw.” Kat is a transsexual
lesbian, and her foray into political activism has begun to feel like a
primer in exclusion and invisibility. She is shut out of pro-choice
marches, told that “Keep your laws off our bodies” doesn’t refer to
transsexuals. And she feels alienated at gay-rights rallies that
steadfastly refuse to acknowledge her own existence. She is a queer
among queers. - LGB....T?: sinking or swimming together (2009).
GL vs. BT: The Archaeology of Biphobia and Transphobia Within the U.S. Gay and Lesbian Community by Jillian Todd Weiss, From the Journal of Bisexuality (2004) 3, 25-55. - Transphobia, Pride & the Police... Open Letter to London Pride 2008 organisers et al. - Transphobia from within the LGBT community (2009). - Racism, Congressional Hearings, and GLBT Politics: Stop Excluding African Americans (2009).
Rewriting the Written: FTM Self-Making and the Performance of Possibilities in Sean Dorsey’s Uncovered: The Diary Project
(2009): Even at LGBT community centers, gender-variant and trans people
often report having experienced harassment when using restrooms that
correspond to their selfproclaimed gender. For them, the letter “T” in
the LGBT acronym by no means guarantees that their identities and
desires are respectfully acknowledged both within and outside the queer
(2010): While a lot of consciousness raising activism for the well
being of the LGB community exist in the West similar actions for
transsexuals and intersex people is sorely lacking. Personally, I have
observed the lack of activism in these groups first hand. The fact that
certain activists literally thrive on ignoring transsexual or intersex
issues is alarming given what activist in the LGB have been through in
the past. Yes, LGBT groups do insist on including the “t” and “i” as
attachments and their functionality seems to end there...
Hate 101: Gay and Lesbian Transphobia – Introduction
(2010): But the oppression goes much further than that seen with other
groups. Social isolation is complete at nearly every level. Verbal and
physical attacks are commonplace, and largely socially acceptable.
Unemployment and homelessness is so pervasive, it effects 90% of all
transitioning transgender persons. And, when a transgender person is
murder, it is usually a long, drawn-out process that often involves
torture over a period of hours. While it is rare for gays and lesbians
to perpetrate violent acts against transgender persons, it is fairly
common for them to engage in the socio-economic and political isolation
of transgender persons. While not as bad as it once was a few decades
ago, the oppression continues to this day.
You Aren’t Like Me, Susan Stanton:
One of the many rumors flying around the transgender blogosphere is
that the next Human Rights Campaign (HRC) golden (or token, if you
like) transgender person is Susan Stanton. If true, it’s an sign of
just how desperate the HRC is to “Win Back” the transgender community...
Hypocrisy of anti-trans “feminism” at National Women’s Studies Association (2007). - Archive for the ‘radical feminist transphobia’ Category. - True Spirit Conference: Facing Lesbian and Feminist Transphobia (1999). - Trans Accessibility Project: Transphobia In The Women's Movement (1998). - Julie Bindel and the Trans vs. Feminism Tug-of War (2008). - Feminist Perspectives on Trans Issues (2009). - Challenging Feminist Transphobia (2008). - Germaine Greer: still glowin’, still crowin’, still transphobic as hell (2009). - Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary: Transphobia in the feminist movement.
The Biotic Woman: Talking About Transphobia and Ecofeminism With Ida Hammer:
A number of ecofeminist writers have written in deeply offensive, often
terribly misguided, ways about trans people and have done a lot of
damage to the movement’s credibility as open, accepting, and working
for the liberation of all people. Why do you think transphobia persists
and continues to come up again and again in ecofeminist rhetoric and
activism? - In order to understand why transphobia and cissexism
persist and are continually perpetuated throughout feminist
communities, particularly the vegetarian-ecofeminist community, it is
important to consider the origins of anti-trans advocacy as a conscious
project of prominent, elite White feminists in the 1970s. In the late
sixties and early seventies, trans people were very active in the
women's and queer liberation movements... So it's important to keep in
mind that trans women, and trans people more generally, were an
integral part of the early women's liberation movement. But in the mid-
to late-seventies, there was a transphobic backlash within feminism to
systematically remove and exclude trans people, explicitly transsexual
women, from the women's and queer movements...
SexPanic! slams Jim Fouratt's transphobia. - How To Combat Transphobia: Intellectual Ammunition from the Lesbian Avengers/San Francisco. - Youth Trans-Action: Transgendered teens are taking control of their issues and demanding respect in school N/A (The Advocate). - David Steinberg: Embracing the Transsexual Menace. - Queering Gender: Trans Liberation and Our Lesbigay Movements (Trikone Magazine. July issue. 14(3): 6-8 & 18). - Transphobia Among Transgenders of Color.
Teaching Transgender: Talking about the Silent “T”
(2006): Being supportive of LGBT students has recently become a hot
topic for teachers. Gay-Straight Alliances have been springing up
in schools around the state. But what does the silent “T” at the end of
the acronym mean? How can teachers help the transgender and gender
variant students who get left out of the picture? Join other area high
school teachers for a workshop on how to best serve transgender youth. - More than Adding a T: American Lesbian and Gay Activists' Attitudes towards Transgender Inclusion.
Devor AH, Matte N (2004). ONE Inc. and Reed Erickson: the uneasy collaboration of gay and trans activism. GLQ: A Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies, 10(2): 179-209. PDF
Download. - How did the T get in LGBT?
The 30-year fight for a federal gay civil rights law may fail because
activists insist on including rights for transgendered people too. Has
gay inclusiveness gone too far too fast? Related Information from Wikipedia: LGBT. - More than Adding a T: American Lesbian and Gay Activists' Attitudes towards Transgender Inclusion (2009).
Transphobia: Impact on HIV & Health Care (PPY Presentation, 2007). - Our Bodies and Lives: Transphobic Trauma, Transsexual Healing (2009). - Reject Transphobia, Respect Gender Identity: An Appeal to the United Nations, the World Health Organisation and the States of the World (2009). - Anti-transsexual discrimination in Kenyan medical services (2009). - Effects of Transphobia on Transgender Communities: What’s Really Going On and What Do We Do About It? (2008. PPT Presentation). - Understanding Transphobia: Authenticity and Sexual Abuse (2006).
Trans-phobia and the Relational Production of Gender
(2007): Knowing one's place in the social order, whether that place is
one of relative privilege or not serves two psychologically
ameliorative functions. It relieves one from the “anxiety of [gender]
identity interrogation” and it helps to inform one as to the socially
agreed upon, acceptable conduct for interpersonal exchanges - the
episteme of social interaction. This Paper will demonstrate that gender
identity is produced through relational, contextually influenced,
interpretative processes. Because gender is constructed in societies
which strongly embrace static, binary conceptions of gender, and in
which social, familial, occupational, and sexual interactions are
heavily influenced by gendered social scripts, gender expressions which
are ambiguous, or which have changed since a prior interaction, or
which are strongly incongruent with normative understandings of the
correlation between gender and biology, are typically experienced by
others as at least uncomfortable, and often actually disruptive. The
dominant social response to disruption is an ultimately futile effort
to reinforce a gender binary. The law is frequently invoked in aid of
this re-inscription of gender. In this Paper I argue that the
disruption is produced by the binary model itself, and I propose legal
strategies which will assist in a re-conceptualization of gender... Transphobia by Dr Surya Monro (2005).
David C. Barnett, Ph.D. - Goals for this exercise:1)
To provide participants a chance to explore their reactions to situations
where gender is unclear. 2) To examine how assumptions about gender
may interfere with one's ability to listen accurately. 3) To increase participants
use of gender-free language when discussing issues.
Meyer, Elizabeth J (2008). A Feminist Reframing of Bullying and Harassment: Transforming Schools through Critical Pedagogy.
McGill Journal of Education, 43(1): 33-48: What is Gendered harassment?
Gendered harassment is a term used to describe any behaviour that acts
to assert the boundaries of traditional gender norms: heterosexual
masculinity and femininity. It is related to, but different from,
bullying. Bullying is defined as behaviour that repeatedly and over
time intentionally inflicts injury on another individual (Olweus,
1993), whereas harassment includes biased behaviours that have a
negative impact on the target or the environment (Land, 2003). Forms of
gendered harassment include (hetero)sexual harassment, homophobic
harassment, and harassment for gender non-conformity (or transphobic
harassment). I link these three forms of harassment because the impact
of the harassers’ behaviour is linked to norm-setting and policing the
performance of traditional (heterosexual) gender roles (Larkin, 1994;
Martino, 1995; Martino & Pallotta-Chiarolli, 2003; Renold, 2002;
Smith & Smith, 1998; Stein, 1995).
the section on Sissyphobia
/ Transphobia / Effeminaphobia in Community Attributes & Problems.
says you're a girl, but I think you're a sissy boy: cultural origins
of transphobia" by J Norton, Journal-of-Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual
Identity, 2(2): 139-164, 1997. - Transpeople, transphobia and mental illness: a call for the de-pathologisation of transgenderism. - “Disordered” No More: Challenging Transphobia in Psychology, Academia and Society (2009).
Speak Up Now!: National Queer and Transgender Vision Statement on Immigration Reform (2008).
Transphobia Videos. - Stop Transphobia on Facebook. - Stop Transphobia. - Words That are Transphobic and Why.
feminism is it anyway? The Unspoken Racism of the Trans Inclusion Debate
(Emi Koyama, PDF
Page from which to download file.) From
the web Site: Eminism.org,
the official web site for Emi Koyama, the activist/author/academic working
on intersex, sex workers' rights, (queer) domestic violence, genderqueer,
anti-racism, and other issues. "In the trans and feminist communities,
everyone has an opinion or two about Michigan Womyn's Music Festival and
its 'womyn-born-womyn' policy. But have you noticed how everybody invokes
'feminism' as the reason for their wildly varying positions? Emi takes
apart the racist attitudes that are present in most sides of the controversy
and urges white transsexual activists to allign themselves with women of
color instead of trying to appease white women's racism."
is an activist, thinker, writer and speaker. Mia identifies as a
queer physically disabled woman of color, Korean American transracial
and transnational adoptee...“Intersectionality” is a Big Fancy Word for
My Life - Excerpt from MBGLTACC 2010 Keynote Address: "To the queer white folks in the audience and the folks who benefit from
white privilege, I would ask you: how are you connecting your fight for
queer liberation to challenging white supremacy? How are you
connecting your queerness to your white privilege? How are you
listening to queer people of color in your world, supporting them and
practicing solidarity? How are you actively noticing how whiteness,
racism and white supremacy play out in queer communities, student
groups, organizations, and movements? Racism and white supremacy are so pervasive, that we don’t even have to
be consciously or intentionally doing anything to participate in them.
It’s in the air we breathe; it’s how the machine rolls; it’s the
default. It’s backed by everything in our society...
Challenging White Supremacy
(2007): “It is not fair, even if it is true, that people be given more
or less power based on their appearance. It’s not right that being born
black…means a shorter lifespan. It’s not fair that low-income
trans women of color face the largest burdens of combined oppression
this society has to offer.” Toth muses, “Fighting for liberation
doesn’t mean re-creating the same old power setup in the LGBT world,
with rich white gay men at the top and poor trans women of color at the
bottom. We all need to be in the struggle to turn this upside down.” - Transgendered People of Color:
Like gay, lesbian, and bisexual people of color, transgendered (or
gender variant) minorities also balance the challenges of being both an
ethnic and a sexual minority. Below are some of the facts reported on
gender variant people of color...
White, Maureen Grace (2013). Resiliency factors among transgener people of color. PhD. Dissertation. University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. PDF
Download. Much of the research on transgender individuals has
been geared towards identifying risk factors including suicide, HIV, and
poverty. Little to no research has been conducted on resiliency factors
within the transgender community. The few research studies that have
focused on transgender individuals have made little or no reference to
transgender people of color. This study utilized the Consensual
Qualitative Research (CQR) approach to examine resiliency factors among
eleven transgender people of color. The data analysis process yielded a
total of eleven domains including: (1) Adverse Conditions, (2) Coping
Mechanisms, (3) Support, (4) Community Resources, (5) Perceptions of the
LGBT Community, (6) Intimate Relationships, (7) Mental Health
Counseling, (8) Transitioning Processes, (9) Family Reactions to Gender
Identity, (10) Family Systems/Beliefs, and (11) Personal Beliefs...
The noise of the street enters the house - World Women’s Day (2010):
I’ve been trying to teach some of my undergraduates about the history
of feminism that they don’t learn on TV. Of course, you don’t learn
much on TV aside from bra-burning (which, I understand, never really
happened) — which I guess doesn’t say much on one level. But on another
level, there’s the fact that trans women are routinely erased from the
history of the gay rights movement, too. After all, it was trans women
(especially trans women of color) who led the charge at Stonewall. Why
is it, then, that we say that Stonewall was a crucial moment in gay
rights? It was a crucial moment in trans rights too, or rather, first.
I’ve been trying to explain to people that not only is it not my job to
speak for all trans people (nor is it any trans person’s), it’s also
absurd to ask me to really tell you about injustices committed against
trans people. After all, the murder rate for trans masculine folks is
still far and away closer to the murder rate for the general
population. On the other hand, trans women face numbers closer to one
in twelve. While some days I spend adrift, feeling alienated from much
of the world that surrounds me, I am rarely threatened. I continue to
be privileged in other ways, too — I live a comfortable life, to be
How do White Middle-Class Crossdressers and Transsexuals relate to Transgendered
People of Color? In the audience discussion, it was brought out that our
diversity can paralyze us.Ethnic issues can often cloud overall transgender
issues. Many White transgendered are reluctant to approach other communites,
fearful of simmering resentments. - People
of Color Institute N/A Part I - In the Beginning A day of reflection
and community-building for people of color at the only annual national
gathering of progressive lesbian, gay, bisexual, Two Spirit, transgender,
intersex people of color (LGBTSTI / POC)... Racism will be eradicated if
and when white people commit themselves to its end. This participatory
workshop explores the ways racism impacts all our lives and helps us move
from guilt to action.
Transgender Theory and Embodiment: the risk of racial marginalisation
(2001): Whilst wholeheartedly supporting the efforts of transgenderists
to challenge medical constructions of transsexuality, one of the
purposes of this paper is to critique the way perspectives of whiteness
echo, largely unacknowledged, through transgender theorising and to
thus inspire more critical thinking aboutthe racialised aspects of transsexual bodies and transgendered ways of being...
Gender freedom and self expression:
While state legislatures are gradually enacting laws to protect
transgender and gender non-conforming people, significant economic,
educational and health disparities continue to impact transgender
people - especially transgender people of color... This toolkit is
exploring how funders can better promote racial equity in this country.
Through your work at the Transgender Law Center, what are the ways in
which racial and economic inequities affect transgender and gender
non-conforming people? While transgender people experience
disproportionate amounts of violence, poverty and homelessness, it's
very clear from TLC's day-to-day work that transgender people of color
face the brunt of these issues. We see a high number of calls about
employment discrimination, the vast majority of which come from
transgender people of color facing both transphobia and racism at work.
Transgender women of color are at a high risk of violence and police
harassment, experiencing a high rate of profiling for "walking while
trans." TLC also sees a large income gap among white transgender people
and transgender people of color that we believe is largely tied to
educational disparities. Overall, it is clear to us that our work has
to focus on the issues that impact the most marginalized transgender
people, which are consistently low-income and transgender people of
color. We see a lot of transgender youth of color dropping out of
school or being encouraged to leave school due to their gender
identity, and ending up on the streets or in foster care, both of which
will have a long-term impact on their economic self-sufficiency. We
also see that many organizations are not set up to meet the needs of
transgender people in general, but particularly low-income transgender
people of color, who experience intersecting oppressions.
Transwomen of color testify to the United Nations on racism in the U.S. (2008): Bay
Area Transwomen of Color Activists Travel to the U.N. in Geneva to hold
the U.S. Accountable for Lack of Economic Opportunities for Transgender
Women of Color. Women
of Color: Response to the Periodic Report of the United States to the
United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (2008). Prepared by: WILD for Human Rights, Justice Now, and the Transgender, Gender Variant and Intersex Justice Project.
Economic realities in the transgender community:
The Race Equity Project: Under/unemployment also disproportionately
affects the transgender community. Fewer than half of survey
respondents were employed full-time, and three out of four earned
income from more than one source. Female respondents were unemployed at
twice the rate of male respondents. The overall unemployment rate was
14%, twice the statewide average during the survey period. With such
progressive anti-discrimination laws and a relatively high level of
education among survey respondents, how are these discouraging results
possible? ... - 1st NYC Trans & Gender Non-Conforming People of Color Job & Education Fair (2005).
Police and Trans Women of Color. - Stop Law Enforcement Violence against women and trans people of color. - End Unjust Arrests, Sentencing and Sex Offender Registration of Sex Workers (2010): We stand in solidarity with trans women and all others in New Orleans and elsewhere who are affected by these archaic, draconian anti-sex work laws! Here in DC, we face similar laws such as the Prostitution Free Zones and a “three strikes” policy that makes the third arrest for solicitation a felony offense. These policies drive rampant police profiling and the over-incarceration of many trans women, especially trans women of color.Individuals can sign the General Petition: http://www.petitiononline.com/desiree1/petition.html ). - Many Transgender Young People Turn to Prostitution to Buy Illegal Hormones: "It's very class related... When we look at who murder victims are, they're generally young low-income trans women of color and very often immigrants. If you're any of those things you are more susceptible to violence and disrespect. If you're all of those things, you probably feel like you have a bull's-eye on your back."
Tyli'a "NaNa Boo" Mack: vigil held for murdered D.C. trans woman (2009): The use of homophobic language is a strong indication of a bias-motivated crime. While trans women are not gay men, attackers often use anti-gay slurs against trans women, either during an attack or when talking about the attack later. Anti-gay language was used by the murderers of Angie Zapata and Lateisha Green and in the attack on an unidentified trans woman in Trinidad, Colorado. Trans women, and especially trans women of color, are particularly vulnerable to this type of violent attack. The Colorado Anti-Violence Program has informed me that one thing concerned citizens can do in these situations is to hold the media accountable for reporting this violence and for using correct names and pronouns in their reporting. Use of the wrong names and pronouns serves to reinforce incorrect stereotypes about trans people, as well as dishonoring and disrespecting our lives and the memories of those killed. Underreporting or failing to report on these murders and assaults diminishes the value of our lives and keeps the public from seeing the brutality and violence directed at trans people for no reason other than that we are simply living... - Remembrance into action: Honoring trans women of color (2008).
HIV Risk Behaviors Among Male-to-Female Transgender Persons of Color in San Francisco. (2004, Full Text) - What are the HIV prevention needs of male-to-female transgender persons (MTFs)? - Incidence
of human immunodeficiency virus among male-to-female transgendered persons
in San Francisco (2001): "African-American race/ethnicity (adjusted relative
hazard ratio [HR], 5.0; 95% CI, 1.5-16.2) and unprotected receptive anal
intercourse (HR, 3.9; 95% CI, 1.2-13.1) were independent predictors of
HIV seroconversion." - Transgender Women and HIV Prevention in New York City: A Needs Assessment (2009). - Perceived Risks and Benefits of Sex Work among Transgender Women of Color in San Francisco (2007). - Social Stigma, Marginalization, Injection Drug Use, and HIV Risk Among MTF Transgenders [of Color]. - Transgender Latinas & HIV (2007).
Workers, Fem Queens, and Cross-Dressers: Differential Marginalizations
and HIV Vulnerabilities Among Three Ethnocultural Male-to-Female
Transgender Communities in New York City (2007): This article
describes 3 distinct ethnocultural male-to-female transgender
communities in New York City: the low-income African American/Black and
Latina(o) House Ball community; low-income, often undocumented
immigrant Asian sex workers; and middle-class White cross-dressers.
.These communities are highly socially isolated from each other and are
more connected to their ethnocultural contexts than to an abstract and
shared transgender identity... With regard to HIV vulnerabilities,
violence, and rape, House Ball community members seemed to engage in
the riskiest form of survival sex work, whereas Asian sex workers
seemed to engage in moderate-risk survival sex work. White
cross-dressers seemed to engage in very low-risk recreational sex
trans-women of color a forum to voice their opinions, express their
concerns and meet other women with whom they can identify. - Reinventing SISTA for Young, Transgender Women of Color: DIVAS and TITA (2007). - Assessing the Needs of Female-to-Male transgender People of Color and their Partners (2004).
African-American: - An African-American transwoman shares her thoughts about being Black and transgender: There are a lot of talented African-American transgender people like
myself who are poised and ready to contribute our education and talents
to uplift our race. The question I put forth to my fellow
African-Americans and others is will you open your minds and hearts,
embrace your brothers and sisters and allow us the opportunity to do so? - Letter To My African-American Transgender Elders
(2007): By going stealth, I feel that my history as an African-American
transperson has been hidden from me. I know HIV/AIDS took some of you
away from us, but why didn't y'all do a better job of passing that
history down to my generation? Where were y'all when I needed multiple
transgender role models that share my cultural background to look up to
back in the 70's? Why weren't more of you visionary enough like Justina
Williams for example to build organizations on a local and eventually
national scale that passed that knowledge down and build a networked
national community at the same time? I know y'all had the skills to do
so. You proved it time and time again during the Civil Rights era. Why
did some of y'all hate us younger transpeeps so much that when we
humbly asked you for the information as to the how to's of Transition
101 and longed to be mentored by you the response was stony silence,
derisive laughter or derogatory self-esteem deflating comments?..
African-American Transgender History-50's Style (2009). - African-American Transgender Information. - African American Transexual in the White House (2010): It seems America is moving alot closer to accepting the LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered and Queer) community. Back in November, Helena Bushong, a Transgender Activist from Illinois Gender Advocates, became the first African American transgendered woman in the White House and the second Transexual ever. The Chicago-based transgender advocate, joined HIV experts in December as the first transgender representative to attend a White House National Strategy Meeting back... - African-American Mother Shares Story about Transgender Daughter with The Grio (2009): During the training, Spikes shared that she felt compelled to be part of this group because she wanted for her transgender daughter Michelle to have the opportunity to be legally married one day. She also talked about the pain her family endured when Michelle became the target of a near fatal hate crime in 1999 and how the attack strengthened their mother-daughter relationship. - African-American Transgender Youth (2009).
Investigation of the High HIV Prevalence in the Transgender African American Community in San Francisco (2002). - Investigation
of the high rate of HIV prevalence in the transgender African American
community in San Francisco (2002): "A recent study among the estimated
3000 transgendered people in San Francisco revealed a significantly higher
HIV prevalence among the African American transgender population than other
racial/ethnic transgendered groups. Sexual and drug use behavior was determined
to be similar among transgendered people of all races; therefore, the higher
HIV seroprevalence rate among African American transgendered people warranted
further investigation of the reasons for the difference among this population. - Incidence
of human immunodeficiency virus among male-to-female transgendered persons
in San Francisco (2001): "African-American race/ethnicity (adjusted relative
hazard ratio [HR], 5.0; 95% CI, 1.5-16.2) and unprotected receptive anal
intercourse (HR, 3.9; 95% CI, 1.2-13.1) were independent predictors of
Hispanic - Latino/a: - Lessons for the Left from the Radical Transgender Movement:
The notorious shoe which set off New York’s now famous Stonewall Riot
in 1969 was slung by the legendary Sylvia Rivera, a Latina transgender
woman. One year later, Rivera co-founded Street Transvestites Action
Revolutionaries (STAR), which organized transwomen of color in New York
until the mid-90s. Rivera was also a member of the Young Lords, a
Puerto Rican revolutionary group that was part of the growing
anti-imperialist movement in the US at the time. Now deceased, Rivera
was an agitator and activist who pioneered gay and women’s rights
issues within the Young Lords, alongside other powerful
anti-imperialist women of color. She continued to be very active in the
radical queer liberation movement in New York City until her death... -
Transgender Sex Workers and Sexual Transmigration between Guadalajara and San Francisco (2008). - Transgender Chicana runs for Prom King in Fresno (2007). - Transgender Latinas & HIV. - Plenary III: Latino/a Transgender HIV Prevention and Care Perspectives (2009, Audio). - Latino Men’s Sexual Behavior with Transgender Persons (2007). - Police say murder of transgender Latina teen was "provoked by her lifestyle". - New Play About Transgender Latino Premieres at Hartford Stage: Local Groups Support Award-winning Playwright to Spark Discourse (2010). - Lifetime Movie To Tell Transgender Tale (2006): A Girl Like Me: The Gwen Araujo Story.
Bibliography for trans people of color: "This is all I know about. As you can see, it's not much. People have color have been whited out, and when it suits an academic career, trotted out and reinterpreted by (white) ethnographers." - Archive for the 'trans/genderqueer' Category. - Tips and Strategies for Meeting the Needs of GLBTQ Youth of Color. - Tips and Strategies for Meeting the Needs of Transgender Youth. - NGLTF Resources.
in Thailand web site (Archive). - The
Politics of Re-Presentation: An analysis of Western academic treatments
of Thai transgenderism. - Matzner, A. (undated) In
the beginning: northern Thai creation mythology. - The
Politics of Re-Presentation: An Analysis of Western Academic Treatments
of Male Transgenderism in Thailand. - Transgenderism
and Northern Thai Spirit Mediumship. - In
Legal Limbo: Thailand, Transgendered Men, and the Law. - Peter
A Jackson: History
of the Thai Sex/Gender SystemN/A [Performative Genders, Perverse Desires:
A Bio-History of Thailand's Same-Sex and Transgender Cultures]. - The Persistence of Gender: From Ancient Indian Pandakas to Modern Thai Gay-Quings. - Kathoey (Wikipedia).
Toom: Kathoey Kickboxer:
"The idea of a "lady boy" beating the crap out of some bruiser appealed
to the general public's appetite for incongruity, and Nong Tum quickly
became a hot media item. Unlike the katoey volleyball players who had been
denied spots on the national team because government officials feared what
the rest of the world would think, Nong Tum appeared to be embraced by
the Muay Thai establishment." - Thailand
to turn out transsexual boxer film. - Katoeys
- "Lady Boys": A Big Difference Between a Transsexual and a Transvestite. - Thai school offers transsexual toilet (2008). - Thailand: The Tale of the Pink Toilet - Transgender Rights in Thailand (2008). - The pageantry of the "Third Gender" (2009). - Network of Transgender Women of Thailand Calls For End To Transphobic Education Uniform Regulations
(2009): The Network of Transgender Women of Thailand has urged the
Education Ministry and universities to cancel regulations forcing
transgender persons to wear male uniforms to classrooms, exams and
graduation ceremonies. - Transgender Rights in Asia (2009).
Sinnott M (2002). Gay vs. ‘Kathoey’: Homosexual Identities in Thailand. IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF Download. Download Page. ‘Homosexuality’ (rak-ruampheet) is a mid-twentieth-century addition to the Thai vocabulary but islargely understood as existing within this model of gender inversion represented by the kathoey (Jackson 1997). Therefore, homosexuals are commonly understood to be emotional kathoey, such as men who feel they are women, or women who feel they are men. In the past three decades, some homosexual Thai men have formed a personal identity that distances itself from the transgendered kathoey. These men use the English term ‘gay’ as a positive self-referent in which they position themselves as extensions of a transnational gay identity. However, even within this gay identity are referents to gendered positions. While these distinctions may not be obvious to the general Thai population, gay men often mark themselves as masculine or feminine in terms of sexual roles, appearance, and mannerisms (Jackson 1995)...
Winter S (2003). Language and Identity in Transgender: gender wars and the case of the Thai kathoey. PDF
Download. In this paper I will examine the conflict as reflected in
four areas ( a ) the overall emphasis upon physical or mental reality in
questions of maleness and femaleness, ( b ) perceptions of MtFs as male
or female, or indeed a third category, ( c ) views of MtFs as
homosexual or heterosexual, ( d ) notions of MtFs as ‘wrong’ minds or
bodies, as well as disordered or different. In each case I will outline
the viewpoints that are expressed in the West (to be honest, the
English-speaking West), and then outline the viewpoints that one comes
across in a culture very different to the West, unusual (if not unique)
both in terms of the numbers of people living as transgenders (our
observations indicate that as many as one male in every 170 may be
living as a transgender), as well as in terms of the commonlyheld
perceptions of what transgender is. That culture is Thailand. The
transgenders there are called by many names (more of that later), but I
shall refer to them by one of the most widely used – kathoey.
Jenkins C, Ayutthaya PP, Hunter A (2005). Katoey in Thailand: HIV/AIDS and Life opportunities. Produced by the United States Agency for International Development. PDF Download.
The term katoey (or kratoey) has traditionally been used to refer to a
third gender category, known in English as “lady boy” and in Thai as
“sao praphet song” or “second type of woman” and other terms with
similar meanings. It appears that all recognized homosexually active
males were once called katoey and had a variety of roles in different
sectors of society, including spirit mediums in the north (Matzner,
2002a). Over the last two decades, however, Thailand has seen the
introduction and evolution of other identity terms for homosexually
active males focused on gay identity and behavioral roles, such as “gay
queen” and “gay king” (Jackson, 1996; Murray, 1999). Middle-class and
urban life styles have become more associated with gay identity than
with katoey identity. The public face of the katoey has shifted toward
greater transgenderism and transsexualism, particularly as Thailand has a
well-developed medical establishment ready to perform various forms of
surgery to feminize the body. While these identity distinctions have at
times led to discrimination against katoey by gays, gradual co-existence
in certain venues and jobs is leading to greater chances for
affiliation. In this study, the identity of katoey is self-defined and
reveals a wide range of gender presentations as well as a crossover in
self-identification (i.e., calling oneself both katoey and gay).
von Feigenblatt, Otto F (2010). Resisting Universalistic Feminist and Queer Hegemonic Discourses: An Emic Model of Thai Gender and Sexuality. RCAPS Working Paper No. 10-1. PDF
Download. "Where are the Masculine Gays in Thailand?
Masculine homosexual men have been at the forefront of the “gay
movement” in the West while they were invisible until the late 1980s in
Thailand (Peter A. Jackson, 1997). This leads to the question of where
are the masculine gays in Thailand? Needless to say there have always
been masculine homosexual men in Thailand however their presence was
hidden from view by prevalent cultural practices. Since homosexual
actions were relatively accepted in the private realm, and those actions
did not automatically determine the identity of the person, masculine
gays were counted as part of the regular male population. Form is more
important than essence in terms of gender in the Thai context and
because of that, in the eyes of the majority of the population,
masculine gays were performing the role of men in terms of dress and
behavior. Nevertheless, it should be noted that masculine homosexual men
were prevented from establishing long term relationships with other
masculine men and appearing in public as a couple (Morris, 1997). The
reasons for the previous limitation is that while homosexuality was
permitted in the private realm, in the public realm everyone had to
perform one of the two “master” roles of either mother or father. Due to
the emphasis on the public performance of gender and the lack of a
clear gay identity formed in opposition to heterosexual men, masculine
gays were never at the forefront of gender rights in Thailand. Most
masculine gays in Thailand identified with the traditional role of men
even while engaging in homosexual acts in the private sphere. The result
of this is that a “gay” identity never developed from autochthonous
sources. When the “gay movement” was transplanted to Thailand from the
West in the late 1980s it only reached a small minority of urban
masculine homosexual men mostly involved in the entertainment business.
Moreover, the movement was never able to gain the support of other
subgender groups such as lesbians and kathoeys (Kamano & Khor,
The Hegemony of ‘LGBT' (2011): There are countless examples of how the mainstream LGBT movement uses stigma to limit access to legal and policy agenda-setting to those who meet its narrow identity criteria. In this post I’d like to focus on two places in particular: the example of third-gender kathoeys in Thailand and the example of alternative queer genders and sexualities in the US. In Thailand, as Sonia Katyal describes in her piece “Exporting Identity” (14 Yale Journal of Law and Feminism 97-176), there was an understanding before the Western mainstream LGBT movement showed up of three genders: male, female, and kathoey. If the word “gay” did come up, it would probably refer to a kathoey, but what Westerners would term “homosexual behavior” was generally private. When the Western LGBT movement arrived in the 1980s on the heels of globalization and the spreading AIDS crisis, a new masculine-identified image of the gay man showed up in Thai culture. “Gay” became public, seeking legitimacy through masculinity. The word “gay,” Katyal posits, may have come into common use in Thailand specifically to distinguish these masculine-identified gay men who aligned themselves with the Western movement from kathoeys. Whereas gender identity had not previously been regulated by the state, the adoption of the Western LGBT model in Thailand made private public. Thai gay men turned social stigma on kathoeys, alienating both kathoey identity and effeminate gender expression. They began to define themselves in opposition to the newly-stigmatized kathoeys, who were then socially and legally sanctioned due to their public visibility. Ironically, they also became an easy target for state actors who objected to the arrival of the LGBT movement in Thailand...
Phuket hospitals: the Phuket Plastic Surgery Center, Thailand. - Transsexual, Law and Medicine in Thailand by Sanguan Kunaporn (Journal of Asian Sexology) - The Lovely Ladies of Doctor Sanguan: "Nestled in the tropical forest of Phuket is one of Thailand's best kept secrets-an international hospital which turns men into lovely women." - Other Articles.
Boys Will Be Girls. In a Bangkok clinic, $1,000 can turn a man into a woman. Some call that the price of freedom (2001, Alternate Link). - Thai Transvestite Volleyball Team.
Team Pilipinas: Philippine Rainbow Flag flies at the 2009 Manila Pride March N/A. - Filipino LGBTIs for Nick Perlas in 2010 N/A. - Survey on the Oppression and Violence against Filipino LGBTIs and other SGMs (Google Translation) N/A. - Team Pilipinas: Facing Inequality (2010) N/A. - What Made Me This Way? Contrasting Reflections by Thai and Filipina Transwomen (2006). - Transgenderism: The Philippine experience (2008). - Baylan,
Asog, Transvestism, and Sodomy: Gender, Sexuality and the Sacred in Early
The "Thank You" Girls: "The
'Thank You' Girls" is a Visayan film with a gay lingo twist. Tired of
losing in all the beauty competitions in Davao City, five dysfunctional
gay beauty pageant veterans decide to travel north to Cagayan de Oro
City, in the island of Mindanao. Their mission: to conquer the grandest
competition of beauty, personality and brains in the whole province.
They believe that being city dwellers, gays in the province will never
stand a chance against them. - STRAP: Society of Transsexual Women of the Philippines. - Transgendered Women of the Philippines (2008).
Philippines: Gay Travel, Life & Culture. Photo Galleries, Stories, Links, News & Reports
Malaysia: - PT Foundation Mak Nyah:
works to empower transgender and transsexual people and to foster a
supportive, informed community. The Foundation works through the
Islamic culture and tradition to counter discrimination by building
community alliances. - Malaysia: Transsexuals should be treated fairly (2010). - Gender trouble: some thoughts on transgenderism in Malaysia (2008). - Neither Here Nor There: the Legal Dilemma of the Transsexual Community in Malaysia (2005). - Jeffrey Jessie: Recognising Transexuals by Honey Tan Lay Ean (2005). - Documentary of a Malaysian Transgender (2009). - Teh, Y. K. (2001)
Mak Nyahs (Male
Transsexuals) in Malaysia: The Influence of Culture and Religion on their
Identity. IJT 5(3).
Fazdil Min Bahari (Fatine): Malaysia's most famous transsexual (2009). - Live and let live (Malaysian transsexual faces deportation for overstaying in Britain): The story of Fatine, the 36-year-old transsexual married to a British man and about to be deported to Malaysia for overstaying, once again brings to light the intense discrimination that transgender people suffer in Malaysia. If I were Fatine, I too would be worried for my safety and well-being upon returning to Malaysia. The prospect of life here would be grim after all the publicity... There was a time in Malaysia when transsexuals could undergo sex reassignment surgery (SRS) in the country, have his or her name changed to reflect the new gender, and identity card, passport and driving licence all changed with new photographs, new name and new sex assignment. Some even got married and were able to adopt children and became grandparents. Then in 1983, all this changed when the National Fatwa Council issued a fatwa against sex reassignment surgery for Muslim transsexuals and banned Muslim doctors from performing the surgery. The one Muslim doctor in Malaysia had to stop his practice...
Indonesia: - Indonesia’s transgendered community is raising its profile (2007): Indonesia’s
large transgendered community, who describe themselves as
waria, a term for transgendered people derived from the words wanita
(woman) and pria (man). As Shuniyya says in her softly spoken,
decidedly feminine voice: ‘People see the waria as sex workers on the
side of the streets at night, dressed in mini-skirts, with
silicone-inflated breasts as large as watermelons. They see the show
business drag queens who perform on stage and on television. They see
these waria and think that they know what a waria is. They don’t. The
waria they see are just the most obvious and easy to identify, and the
ones the straight community are most likely to meet.’ Shuniyya is
uncomfortable with many of the current definitions of the term ‘waria’,
simply because these definitions are not sufficiently inclusive... - Indonesia's transgender Koran school (BBC, Video).
NZ Commission celebrates the Transgender Inquiry in Indonesia (2009). - U.S. grants asylum in Indonesian transgender case (2008). - Human Rights Abuses Against Sexual Minorities in Indonesia (2007). - Indonesia’s transgender community faces discrimination (2009). - Transgender Beauty Contest in Bali (2010). - Strategic Communities: The Notion of Keluarga in Indonesia and among Females of Same-Sex Attraction in Yogyakarta
(2006): All self identify as butchi and assume masculine gender. They
are therefore not to be seen as representative of all females of
same-sex attraction in Yogyakarta. - Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) – Update for ICAAP, Bali, 2009 N/A:
Waria are considered at risk for HIV transmission, especially due to:
stigma and marginalization; strong association with sex work; have less
access to health services; health services lack skills and expertise in
providing services to transgender; low educational levels and social
economic status; highly mobile; significant violence and human rightsabuses especially by police and in prisons.
Singapore: - Transgender people in Singapore (Wisipedia). - SgButterfly: First Transgender Portal. - Singapore name change for transgender people (2007). - Leona's Story (2003-2007).
Japan: - Sex change no cure for torment: Surgery an option but transsexuals still face legal walls (2001). - Male Homosexuality and Popular Culture in Modern Japan
(2000): Today, homosexuality in Japan is largely conflated with
cross-dressing and transgenderism due to the prominence of
cross-dressed individuals featured in the media and the entertainment
world. Thus, homosexual men are understood to be okama (literally a
'pot' but meaning something similar to the English word 'queen') and
are usually represented as cross-dressed and effeminate. The use of the
term okama derives from the slang usage of the term to refer to the
buttocks and thereby to anal sex which is considered to be the
definitive sexual act engaged in by homosexual men. However, use of
this term is extremely loose and it can be used to describe a man who
displays any transgender attribute. - Beginnings of Sex Reassignment Surgery in Japan (2001). - The Newhalf Net: Japan's “Intermediate Sex” On-Line (2002). - From the stage to the clinic: changing transgender identities in post-war Japan (2004).
China: - Transgender in China (Wikipedia). - China’s Transgender Community (2009). - China’s Progressive Attitude Toward Transgender Community (2009). - Progress on LGBT Visibility Amidst Government Restrictions (2009).
The Arts Centre Presents Shanghai Beauty (2010): Whilst still serving in the army, Jin Xing travelled to Europe and America studying with some of the world's best dancers and choreographers including Merce Cunningham and Martha Graham, winning a multitude of awards including "Best Choreographer Award" at the American Dance Festival in 1991. Returning to China from Europe at age 26, Jin Xing underwent sex reassignment surgery to become the first transsexual recognised by the Chinese government. Her story has been made famous by the documentary Colonel Jin Xing: A Unique Destiny. - L'étrange destin du colonel Jin Xing (2004): As a man, Jin Xing was a colonel in China's People's Liberation Army. Now as a woman she's a mother, a world class ballerina, an actress, and China's most famous modern dancer. This is her story. - Related Video: Dancing From The Communist Cocoon - China. Related: Shanghai Beauty.
Taiwan: - Being
Transgender in Taiwan. - Embodying gender: transgender body/subject formations in Taiwan (2006, PDF). - Transgenders Protest New Policy in Taiwan
(2008): A government policy in Taiwan has made it more difficult for
transgenders to get an ID, creating panic in the community. The policy,
which went into effect last year, stipulates that female-to-male
transgenders cannot get an ID card that identifies them as male unless
they have undergone all three parts of gender reassignment surgery. - Taiwan model Alicia Liu admits she is transgender (2010).
Hong Kong: - Hong Kong plays transgender catch-up
(2009): In the biggest challenge yet to traditional Chinese values
about sex in this city of 7 million people, a male-to-female
transsexual is suing the government for the right to marry her male
partner. Moreover, because the plaintiff makes such a compelling case,
traditionalists find themselves on the legal defensive. - MtF Transgendered Persons in Hong Kong (2007, Study). - Transgender Casting in the Hong Kong film world:
There has been quite a number of women playing male or gender-ambiguous
characters in Hong Kong movies. The same-sex dynamics and identity
confusion so common in Hong Kong film are rarely seen in Western
movies, at least not in the same context.
Gender Embodiment: Transgender Body/Subject Formations in Taiwan (Josephine Ho, National Central University Taiwan) (Abstract, Must Scroll: PDF Download): "‘A soul trapped in the wrong body’ is a common description employed by trans subjects to explain their unusual condition. This self-characterization includes two important premises: that the body and the soul (or identity, self-image, etc.) are two separate and independent entities whose correct alignment makes up the effect of gender; and that the soul occupies a higher position than the body, to the extent that any mismatch between the two is to be resolved by modifying the body (through cross-dressing, hormonal therapy, SRS, or other procedures) to match the soul. The body-soul imagery may help illuminate the awkward situation of trans subjects by graphically presenting the often contradictory feelings and images that trans subjects have to negotiate as they move through social space. Yet the simple graphic of the body-soul imagery also tends to obscure the manifold differences among trans subjects, differences that may very well affect the credibility of their claim to ‘a soul trapped in the wrong body.’ More importantly, the imagery further conceals ‘the daily effort of doing gender in everyday interactions that all of us engage in.’ The present paper presents the various ways in which Taiwanese transgender subjects have forged out of limited social means and support their own constructions of gender and identity. As the contradictory and disharmonious body/identity of the transgender subjects struggles to assert itself despite existing gender stereotypes and prejudices, their self-reflexive project of doing gender are also constantly ‘trans’-gressing/’trans’-forming existing gender/sexuality categories."
South Korea: - S.Korea's top transgender beauty ties knot (2007). - The Korean Transgender Community (2009). - Korean Court Convicts Man for Raping Transgender Woman (2009). - S. Korea in dilemma over transgender citizens' (2006). - South Korea: Anti-Discrimination Bill Excludes Many
(2007): Human Rights Watch highlighted the removal from the
non-discrimination bill of language that extended protection to sexual
orientation and urged the cabinet to make explicit that the proposed
law covers discrimination based on gender identity.
South Asia: - Mapping Transgender Groups, Organisations and Networks in South Asia (2008). - Strike a Pose: India’s Transgender Pageant (2010). - India hosts its first ever transsexual beauty pageant (2009). - India's transgender talk show host (2008). - Pakistan to Recognize Transgender Individuals (2009). - Living on the extreme margin: social exclusion of the transgender population (hijra) in Bangladesh (2009). - Pakistan Grants Transgender Rights (2009). - Suicide rate rising among transgenders (India, 2010).
Hijra: South Asia (Wikipedia). - The Hijra Research Blog. - YouTube: Hijra. - A
eunuch pioneer in India politics. - India’s
wings of desire (2001). - Hijras
of india: paradox and surrogate families. - The
Hijras of Pakistan. - Blurring
the gender lines in Bangladesh (2000). - Stop
Police Brutality Against Hijras and Kothis in Bangalore! - Hijras:
Who We Are by Meena Balaji and other Eunuchs as told to Ruth Lor
Malloy. - The
Rise of Eunuchs in Hindi Films. - Film
Reviews: "Bombay Eunuch" (2001). - Nepal Jumps Ahead on Gay and Transgender Rights (2008) (Related 2009 Video: Transgender Rights in Nepal).
Where gays hide their pride
(2010): ''Gay and homo are words wealthy and educated people use,'' he
says. ''The people around here call us gur [raw sugar] or mitha
[sweet].'' Young homosexual men in Mumbai often move between multiple
city identities including sex worker, massage boy, student and even
Bollywood film extra. But they may have a wife and family back in their
village. Kavi, an adviser
with UNAIDS, has identified at least 13 distinct groups of men who have
sex with men in India, apart from the gay community. This includes
India's traditional Hijra, or transgender community; itinerant
transport workers such as truck drivers; and aspiring male actors who
flock to Bollywood each year in the hope of stardom. Male film extras
have been identified as vulnerable to HIV infection because many sell
sex in order to survive between acting jobs. They may also have to
exchange sex for work.
Sangama: A sexuality minorities human rights organization for individuals oppressed due to their sexual preference. Sexuality minorities include, but are not limited to, hijras, kothis, doubledeckers, jogappas, lesbians, bisexuals, homosexuals, gays, Female-to-male/male-to-female transsexuals and other transgenders. We aim to help live their lives with self acceptance, self respect and dignity. We especially emphasize the concerns of sexuality minorities from poor and/or non-English speaking backgrounds and sexuality minority sex workers, who otherwise have little to no access to information and resources. - Human Rights Violations against the Transgender Community.
Living on the Extreme Margin: Social Exclusion of the Transgender Population (Hijra) in Bangladesh (2009). - Sexual
identity and its contribution to MSM risk behavior in Bangaluru
(Bangalore), India: the results of a two-stage cluster sampling survey
(2008): More feminine kothis (26%) and hijras (13%) mostly reported
receptive sex, and masculine panthis (15%) and bisexuals (23%)
insertive anal sex. However, behavior did not always conform to
expectation, with 25% and 16% of the sample reporting both insertive
and receptive anal intercourse with known and unknown noncommercial
partners, respectively (p < 0.000). Although behavior often complied
with stereotyped role and identity, male-with-male sexual practices
were fluid. Reification of these categories in an intervention context
may hinder our understanding of the differential HIV risk among MSM. - Not to stigmatize but to humanize sexual lives of the transgender (hijra) in Bangladesh: condom chat in the AIDS era (2008). - A hidden sexuality: hijra sex workers and their risks of HIV/AIDS and std in Bangladesh (2002).
and Power: Transgendering and Cultural Transformation in the Southern Philippines
- 1997 - by Mark Johnson. - Global Divas: Filipino Gay Men in the Diaspora - 2003 - by Martin F. Manalansan IV (Review) (Review). - Dear
Uncle Go: Male Homosexuality In Thailand - 1995 - by Peter Jackson
(About the Author) (Review) (Review). - The
Invisibles: A Tale of the Eneuchs of India - 1998 - by Zia Jaffrey. (Related
Information) (Review). - Gender Diversity: Crosscultural Variations - 1999 - by Serena Nanda (Review) (Review). - Undercurrents: Queer Culture and Postcolonial Hong Kong - 2008 - by Helen Hok-Sze Leung (Google Books) (Review) (Review) (Review). - The Mak Nyahs: Malaysian Male to Female Transsexuals - 2003 - by Yik Koon Teh, Teh Yik Koon (Review) (Review). - Philippine Gay Culture: Binabae to Bakla, Silahis to MSM - 2009 - by J. Neil C. Gracia (Review) (Review). - Tritiya-Prakriti: People of the Third Sex - 2008 - by Amara Das Wilhelm (Introduction) (From the book: A Third Sex Around the World) (Review). - Queer Japanese: Gender and Sexual Identities through Linguistic Practices - 2010 - by Hideko Abe. - 'O Au No Keia: Voices from Hawai'i's Mahu and Transgender Communities - 2001 - by Andrew Matzner (Review) (Review). - Neither
Man Nor Woman: The Hijras of India - 1998 - by Serena Nanda (Related) (Related) (Review). - Toms and Dees: Transgender Identity and Female Same-sex Relationships in Thailand - 2004 - by Megan J. Sinnott (Google Books) (Review) (Thailand' Toms and Dees (2009): Lesbians are accepted in Thai society, even six-year-olds with mullet haircuts.).- The Third Sex: Kathoey: Thailand's Ladyboys - 2004 - by Richard Totman (Review) (Review) (Review).
A Review of Three Ethnographic Films: Ladyboys (1992), Sunflowers (1997), and Shinjuku Boys (1996). Other Films of Interest noted. - Ladyboys: The Film.
problèmes relatifs à la définition de l'identité
sexuelle dans l'anthropologie sociale contemporaine (1996). - Des
Transgenders. Le brouillage des identité sur le marché de
la prostitution (Related
article: L'arc ou le panier.) - Carte des intimités dans la famille et différenciation sexuelle de l’enfant (2001). - Le transsexualisme. - La métamorphose transsexuelle comme renaissance (2007). - La plus belle chose du monde la transsexualité (2009). - Entendre la voix des enfants transsexuel-le-s et transgenres (2006). - Quand on nait transsexuel dans un pays du monde Arabe! (2009).
Vers une conceptualisation du transsexualisme (2005). - L’identité sexuelle (2006): Article en préparation pour l’ouvrage collectif "dictionnaire de la transsexualité." - Le transsexualisme : de nouveaux enjeux pour le travail social ? (2007). - Working
at the edge : s'engager dans un travail thérapeutique avec des
jeunes ayant un développement atypique de l'identité de
de changement de sexe et trajectoire biographique. Tous les chemins
mènent-ils à la demande de changement de sexe ? (2004).
journal des Travestis de Suisse Romande et de France. - ABC: une association d'entraide et de soutien pour transgenres.
journal des Travestis de Suisse Romande et de France. - ABC: une association d'entraide et de soutien pour transgenres.
ACT UP Paris: Discriminations des transgenres et transsexuelLEs (Translation):
Les articles liés au sujet (2004-2011): 19 associations
dénoncent le mépris du TGI de Lyon vis-à-vis des
trans (2010). L’incarcération des trans’ (2010). Trans
dépsychiatriséEs : on aimerait bien (2009)...
et bibliographie représentative du transsexualisme et des
pathologies de l'identité sexuelle de 1910 à 1998 en
France, en Europe et aux Etats-Unis, en psychiatrie, psychanalyse,
sexologie, endocrinologie et chirurgie, avec les principaux
événements institutionnels et les
références sociologiques, juridiques et
littéraires souvent citées qui s'y rapportent. Première partie: 1910-1972. - Deuxième partie: 1973-1998.
Search Engines & Directories: - Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN
Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer
Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.
Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal. - Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. - findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com.
Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers). eScholarship Repository: University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries. - NTUR, National Taiwan University. - Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. - UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory.
Search for Free Articles, Papers or Reports: FindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. - NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere. The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.
Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project
Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.
Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses, Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. - Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. - Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers, 2005, 3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review: Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports.