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A GLBTQ EDUCATION
INTERNET RESOURCES
Trans-gender/vestite/sexual -
& Intersexual - Part 1 (Part 2)

To BibliographyTo Dissertation Abstracts
 

Index: Transgender / Transvestite / Transsexual - Lesbian  &  Bisexual Women - Homo-Negativity / Phobia - Identity Formation  &  Coming Out - Counseling  &  Therapy - Professional Education  - Bisexuality - Public School Issues - Religion   &  Spirituality - Homosexuality:  Biological  or  Learned ? "Of Colour " :  North American  &  International - Male  Youth Prostitution - HIV-AIDS - Gay & Bisexual Male Suicide Problems - Drug / Alcohol Use / Abuse / Addiction  -  - GLBT  History - Community Attributes  &  ProblemsCouples / Families / Children / Adoption / Spousal Violence - The Elderly

Transgender / Transvestite
/ Transsexual / Intersexual

See: More Than 250 Full Text Papers and Documents Related to GLBT Suicidality.

"Attempted Suicide" Results For Homosexually Oriented Males & Females: More Than 140 Studies!
At Another Website (Includes Transgender Study Results)
Ontario trans people have overwhelmingly considered suicide (2011).

Aboriginal
Two-Spirit Information.


Part 1 (This Page): -
General Information. - Transgender Children / Kids - Youth. - Transvestite Issues. - Transsexual Issues/Gender Identity Disorder Issues. - Intersexuality. - Transphobia. -  "Of Colour" North American Issues. - Asian Resources / Articles. - French Resources / Articles.

Part 2: - Gender Binary / Gender Identity / Related Issues. - Worldwide New Items - Discrimination / Abuses / Murders / Legal Issues - Internet Resources - Films / Videos  / The Arts - Bibliographies / Abstracts / Conferences - Books - Full Text Articles.

To "The SEARCH Section" For...
The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Review (2009): We're all intersex: The author of "Between XX and XY" on people born neither male nor female -- and why everyone's a little bit of both.

Gender theorist questions transgender "phenomenon" (2014).

What Is a Woman? The dispute between radical feminism and transgenderism (2014).

 
General Information

 Transgender: What Is It? - What is "Transgender"?Transgender (2005). - Transgenderism: Transgressing Gender Norms (2007). - Trans-Gender Expressions - TG Terminology (2000). - Guide to Intersex & Trans Terminologies (2003). - About Cross-dressers and Crossdressing. - Some terms and meanings- Some Transgender Definitions (2001). - The Cross-Gender Questionnaire. (Alternate Link). - Transvestism and transsexualism (2012). - Myths about Transvestites. - Primary and Secondary Transsexualism - Myths and Facts (2000). - Basic TG/TS/IS Information (2006). - How Frequently Does Transsexualism Occur? (2012) - Histoire du Transsexualisme et du Travestissement (Translation). - L'acceptation du transsexualisme : la prochaine évolution ? (2001, Translation) - ‘I changed for all the wrong reasons, and then it was too late...’ (2003) - Blending Gender (2007): "Such concepts of third, fourth and more genders are not new to non-western cultures..." - The Gender Identity Fallacy: How an Irrational Concept Prevents a Rational Understanding of Transsexuality (2004): "Continuing to treat transsexuality as a problem of 'gender identity' confuses the issues and makes an accurate description of the psychology of transsexuality impossible. Gender Identity Disorder is a flawed merger of two conditions, homosexual transsexuality and autogynephilia, neither of which are identity disorders, but a condition of social and sexual development and a paraphilia, respectively." - Transphobia on TV (2009). - GLAAD reviews television portrayals of transgender characters: tv is not helping (2012). - Transgender woman sues N.J. police department for harassment (2010). - Should we scrap the word "Transgender"? (2010). - Seven Great Myths Among Us MTFs. - Male, female or neither? Gender identity debated at same-sex colleges (2010). - The realm between “he” and “she” (2013): The past 10 years has seen the rise of a growing transgender community of people who do not identify strictly as male or female. - 'It was the best day of my life': Transgender teen on being voted Homecoming Queen after keeping her original sex a secret (2013).

Gender: How many genders are there? - The Symphony of Sexes. - Transgender "Differently Gendered People" What it is all about! - The Transgender and Gay Interface. - Ma Vie en Rose: Transgender, the child and the family (2000). - Measures of transgender behavior (2001). - Understanding Transsexualism (1990). - Transsexuality – An Introduction (Alternate Link). - Introductory Ideas & History of Transsexuality. - Should transsexuality be freely endorsed  by Christians? (1999). - Beyond Transsexuality (2000). - A SOFFA is a Significant Other, Friend, Family, or Ally of a transsexual, transgender, intersex or other gender-variant person. - Boys will be girls (2003). - Teacher education generally ignores transgender issues (2009). - “I Am Just So Glad You Are Alive”: New Perspectives on Non-Traditional, Non-Conforming, and Transgressive Expressions of Gender, Sexuality, and Race Among African Americans (2008). - For some, shadow of regret cast over gender switch (2009). - Mike Penner: A cautionary tale of 'Transgender Regret' (2009). - Dangerous Intersections: Intersex and Transgender Differences. - What if It’s (Sort of) a Boy and (Sort of) a Girl? (2006). - Volkmar E (2008, PDF). Recent Perspectives on Atyical Gender Identity. Training Course in Sexual Health Research, Geneva, Switzerland. - Pink Boys with Puppy Dog Tails (2010). - 'I identify as a trans man, a faggy queen...': Warren Beatty and Annette Bening's son Stephen speaks about being transgender (2012). - Kristin Beck, Transgender Navy SEAL, Comes Out In New Book (2013). - Transgender former Navy SEAL tells how she feared that her fellow soldiers would have hurt her if she revealed her female identity (2013).

What is Gender Identity? - Definitions from Northern Concord (England). - Centre for Transgendered People (Vancouver, B.C.): High Risk Project Society: An Introduction to: Gender, Transgender and Transphobia. - Guide to Intersex & Trans Terminologies. - Boys will be boys... or not. - Telling The Children: A transsexual's commentary (2001). - Entendiendo el transexualismo (1990, Translation). - Questions answered by Transgender Ireland: The Irish Association for the Transgendered (2002). - From the Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology: Transvestites. Transsexuals. Intersexuality... with links to additional information. - Twenty-Eight Narratives About Autogynephilia N/A. - Confessions of an Autogynephiliac. - Becoming What We Love: autogynephilic transsexualism conceptualized as an expression of romantic love (2007, PDF). - Transvestic Fetishism/ Autogynephilia (Video). - Transgender Men: A Demographic Snapshot (2008). - Developmental Model of Transgender Coming-out, Bockting & Coleman (2007).

Trangender & Personal identity: A research project sponsored by the Canada Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. Prof. M. A. Gilbert, PhD. Principal Investigator. Transgender & Personal Identity: Full Overview. - Free to be she – or he Even if you don’t think you’re trapped in the wrong kind of body, Deirdre McCloskey says, you may still want to consider changing your gender (2007). - ‘Two-Spirit’ Native Americans. - Two-Spirit (Wikipedia): Two-Spirit People (also Two Spirit or Twospirit) is an umbrella term sometimes used for what was once commonly known as berdaches, Indigenous North Americans who fulfill one of many mixed gender roles found traditionally among many Native Americans and Canadian First Nations communities. Third gender roles historically embodied by Two-Spirit people include performing work and wearing clothing associated with both men and women. The presence of male two-spirits "was a fundamental institution among most tribal peoples." Male and female two-spirits have been "documented in over 130 tribes, in every region of North America.". - Rethinking 'Who put the "Trans" in Transgender?' (2006). - Transition Deconstructed (2013). - Witnessing and Mirroring: A Fourteen Stage Model of Transsexual Identity Formation (2004, Download Page). - Who are 'We'? Where Sexual Orientation Meets Gender Identity (2002, Download Page). Transgender Identity Affirmation and Mental Health (2002). - Developing a Model of Transmasculine Identity (2010).

Androgyne Online: "For most people, the idea of an androgynous gender identity goes in one ear and out the other; it simply doesn't register. They see no evidence of it, never heard of it before, and assume they never will again, so the concept is rejected almost as soon as it is articulated. This cannot be emphasized enough. Even when the idea is reiterated, the reaction is usually the same: it is assumed to be faulty data. Society at large dictates that gender is binary, and androgyne is not one of the two binary genders. Convincing someone that androgyne is an authentic gender identity is difficult because people are programmed to believe that it isn't. Even LGBT (Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender) people tend to assume that a third gender does not exist. Hate crimes against LGBT people are primarily based on perceived violations of gender norms, not sexual transgression, so you'd think that convincing LGBT people would be easier, but it's often not because they tend not to see the connection. Even androgynes have trouble discovering and affirming their own nature, no thanks to society's insistence on the gender binary. Some Transsexuals are Not Really Transsexual, but Androgyne..." - Catwalk 2010 Searches for the Next Transgender Supermodel (2010).

Payne, Tina (2010). Transgender: a curriculum for inclusion. Master's Dissertation, Social Work, California State University, Sacramento. PDF Download. Download Page. There is a gap that currently exists in the basic diversity course for the Master of Social Work (MSW) at California State University Sacramento, in that transgender specific content is not equally included. This missing information creates a lack of awareness for all social work students in their education of a vulnerable population. Early inclusion of transgender content into graduate diversity courses is essential for building a foundation for cultural competence. A curriculum was constructed from a deep secondary meta analysis of existing information including, electronic and academic sources, historical data, books, film, and other relevant resources, including the researcher’s personal involvement in the transgender community. This analysis helped to determine what was most relevant to include in an introductory transgender curriculum for social work students including; terminology, history, political struggles and the specific and cultural needs of transgender people. The curriculum is designed to invite social work students to examine their own biases toward gender variant people, as well as aid in building on their repertoire of social work skills and strategies for practice within the context of human diversity.

Ashbee, Olivia (2009). Tracing Erasures and Imagining Other-wise: Theorizing Toward an Intersectional Trans/Feminist Politics of Coalition. Master's Dissertation, Department of Women’s Studies, University of Victoria. PDF Download. Download Page.Debates between feminists and trans people are often narrowly framed in terms of inclusion and authenticity, or by questions about the extent to which trans identities challenge or reinforce normative conceptions of sex and gender. The terms of these engagements promote essentialist understandings of identity, difference, and community, and neglect to register the heterogeneity and differential locations of both women and trans people. This thesis examines several contemporary sites of contestation between and among feminist and trans scholars with specific attention to the unspoken assumptions and practices of erasure that shape and constrain these critical ‘border wars’, making certain kinds of subjects and conversations central, while rendering others peripheral, out of the question, or even impossible. Applying an intersectional trans/feminist analysis to the conceptual structure and discursive contours they assume, I investigate how such struggles, and our positions within them, might be deconstructed and reconceptualized in ways that disrupt dominant Self/Other relations and, in turn, make new political understandings and alliances possible.

Grant JM, Mottet LA, Tanis J, Herman JL, Harrison J, Keisling M (2010, Full Text. Full Text. Download Page). National Transgender Discrimination Survey Report on health and health care. Findings of a Study by the National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. Over 7,000 people responded to the 70 question survey, providing data on virtually every significant aspect of transgender discrimination—including housing, employment, health and health care, education, public accommodation, family life, criminal justice, and identity documents... Lifetime "Attempted suicide" incidence: 41%. By 'Ethnicity': White (38%), Asian (39%), Latino/Latina (44%), African American (45%), Multiracial (54%), American Indian (56%). - Study: Anti-transgender bullying alarmingly high (2010): "Our study participants reported attempting suicide at a rate more than 25 times the national average." Rates of attempted suicide rose dramatically -- to 59 percent -- when the victim’s teacher or professor was the perpetrator of bullying or harassment. Among those who had been physically assaulted by a teacher or professor, 76 percent reported having attempted suicide. "These shocking and disheartening numbers speak to the urgency of ending bullying in our nation’s schools and ending discrimination in our nation’s workplaces.

Those who were bullied, harassed, assaulted, or expelled because they were transgender or gender non-conforming in school also reported significantly elevated levels of suicide attempts (51% compared with 41% of our sample as a whole). Most notably, suicide attempt rates rise dramatically when teachers were the reported perpetrators: 59% for those harassed or bullied by teachers, 76% among those who were physically assaulted by teachers and 69% among those who were sexually assaulted by teachers. These numbers speak to the urgency of ending violence and harassment of transgender students by both their peers and their teachers. Education and income both correlate with suicide rates, with those earning $10,000 annually or less at extremely high risk (54%), while those making more than $100,000 are at comparatively lower risk (26%), while still astronomically higher than the general population. Those who have not completed college attempted suicide at higher rates (48% among those with no high school degree, 49% for those with a high school degree only, and 48% for those with some college education) while those have completed college (33%) or graduate school (31%) have significantly lower rates.   

Martin, Chicora (2013). The influence of negative educational experiences on health behaviors among gender nonconforming American Indian/Alaska Native people. PhD. Dissertation, School of Education, Colorado State University. Download Page.

Abstract: Utilizing data from the National Transgender Discrimination Survey (NTDS) Public Use dataset which reports data collected in the 2009 National Transgender Discrimination Survey (NTDS), completed by The National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, the purpose of this study is to provide more insight into transgender and gender nonconforming Indigenous people's experiences in education and the impact on health behaviors. With 329 responses from those participants identifying as American Indian/ Alaska Native, the quantitative analysis methods of bivariate correlations and logistic regression were used to analyze the impact of harassment and policy barriers in higher education settings on substance use and suicidality for gender nonconforming Indigenous people. Both substance use and suicidality are impacted by the experiences of harassment and barriers in the higher education setting. The impact of these experiences on suicidality is especially concerning, as the rate of over 53% for gender nonconforming Indigenous students is higher than any other group within this sample. This analysis offers some insight into these experiences of this population and how important interventions in the higher education setting--related to both reducing incidents of harassment and addressing policy and access barriers--may be to the success of gender nonconforming Indigenous students in college.

Exploring the diversity of gender and sexual orientation identities in an online sample of transgender individuals (2012): Although the term transgender is increasingly used to refer to those whose gender identity or expression diverges from culturally defined categories of sex and gender, less is known about the self-identities of those who fall within this category. Historically, recruitment of transgender populations has also been limited to specialized clinics and support groups. This study was conducted online, with the aim of exploring the gender identities, sexual orientation identities, and surgery and hormonal statuses of those who identify with a gender identity other than, or in addition to, that associated with their birth sex (n = 292). Genderqueer was the most commonly endorsed gender identity, and pansexual and queer were the most commonly endorsed sexual orientation identities. Participants indentified with a mean of 2.5 current gender identities, 1.4 past gender identities, and 2 past sexual orientation identities. The majority of participants either did not desire or were unsure of their desire to take hormones or undergo sexual reassignment surgery. However, birth sex and age were significant predictors of "bottom" surgery and hormone status/desire, along with several identities and orientations. This study explores explanations and implications for these patterns of identification, along with the potential distinctiveness of this sample. - Related: The Diversity of Gender & Sexual Orientation Identities of Transgender Individuals (2012, Research Summary & Video). - The Diversity of Gender & Sexual Orientation Identities of Transgender Individuals (2012, Video). - Transgender sexuality (Wikipedia).

Transsexual, Transgender, and Intersex History. - 20th Century Transgender History And Experience. - A Brief History of Transsexuality. - COGIATI: Combined Gender Identity And Transsexuality Inventory. - Transgender Aging Network. - Transsexuality: What it is, How it exists, What to do about it, and even some thoughts about the Why of it too. - Transgender clergywoman raises new issue for church. - Pioneers of Transgendering: The Popular Sexology of David O. Cauldwell - by Richard Ekins and Dave King. - A Transgender History. - Trans History Timeline.

Expressing Our Needs: Coming out for Transsexuals and Transvestites. - Why Bother Coming Out? - Transsexual Coming Out Letter to Parents. - Coming Out Christian. - Gendered sex work in the San Francisco tenderloin. - Gina: The Woman Within tells the truly remarkable story of the writer's traumatic and reluctant, but inevitable, transgender journey of discovery, after a lifetime spent running away from herself. (Book) (Related Information) - AlmostKate: This site follows my transition from male to female. - NikaAskini.com: This site was started in 1999 when I was an adventurous little ankle biter! What started out as a high school pastime, turned into a full blown articulation and extension of who I am as a person. The site has taken many different forms, and as you can imagine has changed along with me. Initially it was just a gallery of images and slowly as my career as an educator, activist, and writer began to take hold this site held a number of my thoughts. It has also served as an story about my transition from male to female and all that my gender change has entailed. That is perhaps what brings people back and what folks find most fascinating. I have tried to be as open about my transition as possible and to provide some honest insight into the process of gender change for a late-teens, early-twenties male born feminist.

Homelessness and the Transgender Homeless Population (Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 14(4), 2010): From Conference Proceedings: The Psychiatric Needs of the Transgender Homeless Population,  see abstracts for... Healthcare Needs of the Transgender Homeless Population, Shelter and Transitional Housing for Transgender Youth, Treating the Transgender Homeless Population: Experiences During Residency Training. - "I Don't Think This Is Theoretical; This Is Our Lives": How Erasure Impacts Health Care for Transgender People (2009).

A Comparative Study of Male Transvestites, Male to Female Transsexuals, and Male Homosexuals. (Alternate Link) - Melanie Yarborough Transgender Articles. - Gender Identity Disorders in Children and Adolescents (PDF). - Changes in the sexual orientation of six heterosexual male-to-female transsexuals. - School of Transgender Studies. - The Traits of Transsexuality. - Transgender Experiences in Scotland (PPT, 2008): Presentation / Study.

Council on Social Work Education: Commission on Sexual Orientation and Gender Expression (Association of Social Workers Concerned with Gay and Lesbian Issues). - Transgender Book Reviews. - Policy on Sexual Orientation and Gender Preferred Identity (PDF Download (See Appendix 7, not given! But here: "Should you require a copy of any of the above AEU policies, please email the AEU to request a copy."). - Equal Opportunity (Gender Identity and Sexual orientation) Act 2000, Victoria, Australia.. - TransProud Resources. - Mermaids: For Transgendered Children, their families and carers. - Gender Variant Children: Transgender Parents. - Second Annual Transgender Religious Leadership Summit (2008). - Seeing the 'T' in GLBT: D.C. marks the first-ever Transgender Awareness Month (2007). - 2nd Annual Transgender Leadership Summit (2007). - We must end discrimination against transgender people (2008). - Healthy People 2020 Transgender Health Fact Sheet (2010).

LeBlanc, Fred Joseph (2010). Unqueering Transgender? A Queer Geography of Transnormativity in Two Online Communities. Master's Dissertation, Victoria University of Wellington. PDF Download. Download Page. This research implicates gender in the study of sexuality and suggests a genealogy of transgender that consists of both the medicalisation of transsexuality and the articulation of gender performances in gay liberation’s politics of difference. While the transgender subject is often idealised in queer discourses, this research positions the transsexual (one articulation of transgender) as normative: conservative gender politics, the ontological separation of gender and sexuality that echoes assimilationist gay and lesbian politics, an identity based on essentialist biology and psychiatric “wrong body” discourses, and the privileging of passing technologies such as hormone replacement therapies and sex reassignment surgery (themselves justified though the elaboration of wrong body discourses). Further to this, the public rendering of some transgender bodies as nonconformist results in violence and the need to explore alternate spaces of being, namely the internet which has the potential to build community, raise consciousness of gender and transgender oppression, but can also be used to legitimate transnormative (re)productions of the self. The analysis of two online communities of transgender individuals shows the most frequent users tended to be transsexual and privileging conservative gender politics and an essentialist medical etiology of transsexuality. Users were also typically more knowledgeable in passing biotechnologies than some medical professionals. In one community that are tailored to transgender individuals, subjects felt at ease to discuss a variety of topics and explore the complications of transgender. In the second community, tailored towards feminists in general, transgender issues were addressed in a more confrontational manner, often exposing the transphobic nature of some feminisms.

Weiss, Jillian Todd (2004). The Cutting Edge of Employment Diversity: Transgender Human Resources Policies in U.S. Employers. The Law, Policy and Society Program, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts. PDF Download. In a 2001 law review article, I suggested that there is a fundamental right to “gender autonomy” that protects people with transgender and transsexual identity. I grounded this in what was then called the “right to privacy,” an outgrowth of substantive due process. There have been significant developments in the law since then, and many commentators have discussed the possibility of a right to gender autonomy. This article looks to review the work that has been done since that time. It also focuses on how the groundbreaking, but widely misunderstood, 2003 decision in Lawrence v. Texas impacts this right. Lawrence has made it possible to argue successfully that laws and policies impacting gender autonomy are not rationally related to state interests. This would impact gender restrictions such as those found regarding birth certificates, laws requiring or permitting sex segregation in public facilities, employment or sports, restrictions on crossdressing or transition for youth, in divorce custody situations and in prisons, health insurance exclusions, marriage restrictions, and military service laws. 

Are transsexuals born that way? - Sex Differences in the Brain. - Brain Difference. - Brain Neurochemicals. - Tomboys bred in the womb. - It isn't the Hormones. - Gender-related traits in transsexuals and nontranssexuals. - A psycho-endocrinological overview of transsexualism. - Sex differences in androgen receptors of the human mamillary bodies are related to endocrine status rather than to sexual orientation or transsexuality. - Birth order and ratio of brothers to sisters in transsexuals. - Male-to-female transsexuals have female neuron numbers in a limbic nucleus. - The disparate maternal aunt-uncle ratio in male transsexuals: an explanation invoking genomic imprinting. - Cognitive ability and cerebral lateralisation in transsexuals. - Personality characteristics and sexual functioning of 188 cross-dressing men. - Cross-gender identity in transvestites and male transsexuals. - Male-to-Female Transsexuals Have Female Neuron Numbers in a Limbic Nucleus. (Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 85(5): 2034-2041. Full Text). - Definition and Synopsis of the Etiology of Adult Gender Identity Disorder and TranssexualismReevaluating Sex Reassignment: Evidence supports nature over nurture in establishing gender identity. (Alternate Link)


Transgender Children / Kids - Youth


What happens when your son tells you he’s really a girl (2014): Inside the families embracing the new world of gender variance. - Transgender kids: How young is too young for a sex change? (2009): Delving into the often tumultuous worlds of transgender youth. - Got a cross-dressing kid? Ease up on the validation, experts say - it may not be what you think (2009). - Childhood maltreatment in subjects with male-to-female gender identity disorder (2011). - S/He: Parents of transgender children are faced with a difficult decision, and it’s one they have to make sooner than they ever imagined (2012). - Transgender kids get help navigating a difficult path (2012): Amber is one of an increasing number who are getting specialized care. The 12-year-old takes puberty-blocking drugs and hopes to have gender reassignment surgery at 16... An increasing number of children like Amber are realizing they are transgender and seeking care at clinics around the nation. Because of their age, the complex and emotional journey is as much their parents' as their own. Families are forced to make tough decisions about therapy and medication, and about what to tell friends and relatives. They are trying to give their children a normal upbringing with summer camps and sleepovers while protecting them from harm and embarrassment. - Uncertainty Surrounds Medical Treatments For Transgender Youth (2014). - Transgender kids: Have we gone too far? (2014).

Teen transsexuals: When do children have a right to decide their gender? (1999) - Treatment of young transsexuals in the Netherlands (2000). - Transgendered Youth at Risk for Exploitation, HIV, Hate Crimes (1997). - Transgender Youth At Risk. - Crossing to Safety: Transgender Health & Homelessness (2002). - Towards Healthier Transgender Youth. (2003, Alternate Link) - Children of 14 get sex change treatment on the NHS (1997). - If your daughter becomes a son (2000). - Transitioning early in life (2013). - A Parent's Dilemma, the Transgender Child (1996). - An Open Letter to Parents of Transsexual Children. - tgs-pflag - TransParent (Issue 1, 1997). PFLAG: About Our Transgendered Children And Their Families (1997). - Investigative Reports: Transgender Revolution. Produced by the Arts and Entertainment Network. 1998 (Video Review: Journal of Sex Research, May, 2001). Early physical intervention for young people with atypical gender identity development. (2000, Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 5(2): 220-231). - Depathologizing Transgender Youth Identity: The Identity Project (Word Download, 2003). - For gender-variant children, validation is key: outreach program for parents N/A (2003). - Finding a Safe Space: Prioritizing Safety Considerations for Trans Youth in the Portland Homeless Youth Continuum: Teaching Note (2006).

Transgendered Youth at Risk for Exploitation, HIV, Hate Crimes. - Transgender Youth: Invisible and Vulnerable (2006). - Suicide Risks Significant Among Transgender Teens (2007). - Suicide of transgender youth in Holland raises questions (2007). - Transgendered Adolescents in Multicultural Hawai'i (2004, Word Download): "TG, or Mahu youth are often considered "fair game" by predatory older males, including family members, though this appears to be a result, not a cause of their TG identity. Local TG youth who are thus ostracized, and not infrequently ejected from their Ohana, are at high risk for violence, homelessness, drug use, subsistence prostitution, and therefore for HIV/STD. This risk window during adolescence is a highly significant consideration in Hawai’i based HIV Prevention regimes. Every effort is made to reach these youth before they contract HIV/STD. - A School-Based Program to Improve Life Skills and to Prevent HIV Infection in Multicultural Transgendered Youth in Hawai'i (2004). - Transgender female youth and sex work: HIV risk and a comparison of life factors related to engagement in sex work. (2009). - Stigmatized youth - findings on stigma from the Transgender Research Youth Project (2008). - Gender, transgender young people and transphobia. - A coming out guide for trans young people - LGBT Youth Scotland (2010). - Guidance on Combating Transphobic Bullying in Schools: Complete Toolkit (2010).  - The Bathroom Battleground: gender variant kids and the call of nature (2009). - Mississauga high school balks at awareness day after students suggest trans speaker (2010). - Transgender Exclusion from LGB Health Report (2010, Washington, DC) 

New policy for transgender kids in NY juvenile jails (2008). - Group says transgender teen was abused in Philadelphia agency's custody (2009). - Violence against transgender youth sparks outrage (2009). - Tips and Strategies for Addressing the Challenges that Face Transgender Youth (2005). - Massachusetts's Biannual Transgender Youth Summit (2008). - A Place for Transgender Youth (Video, 2007): The Rev. Louis Braxton Jr. runs a homeless shelter in Queens for young transgendered men working as prostitutes.- McDonald's Refuses to Hire Transgender Youth (2009). - Transgender Youth & Dating Violence (2008). - For transgender people, acceptance is hard to find-even in LGBT community (2009). - What Does Transgender Day of Remembrance Mean To You? (2009)

American Academy of Chld & Adolescent Psychiatry - 56th Annual Meeting, Chicago, 2008: Hormones, Identities, and Cultures: Clinical and Ethical Issues in Transgender Youth. Paper Titles & Abstracts: Formation of Transgender Identities in Adolescence, Transgender Children: Clinical and Ethical Issues in Prepubertal Presentations, African-American Transgender Youth, An Endocrine Perspective on the Care of Transgender Adolescents. - Transgender Youth and Life-Threatening Behaviors (2007). - Medical care for gender variant young people: Dealing with the practical problems (2008). - An Endocrine Perspective on the Care of Transgender Adolescents (2009). - Adolescent Transgender Health Care (2005): Audio / Powerpoint Presentation. - Clinical management of gender identity disorder in adolescents: a protocol on psychological and paediatric endocrinology aspects (2006). - The doctor won't see you now: rights of transgender adolescents to sex reassignment treatment (2007). - The treatment of adolescent transsexuals: changing insights (2008). - The Royal College of Psychiatrists: Gender Identity Disorders in Children and Adolescents: Guidance for Management (1998). - His or Hers? Transgender child locked in school bathroom debate (2013). - Colorado school bans 6-year-old transgender child from girls’ bathroom (2013). - Dispute on Transgender Rights Unfolds at a Colorado School (2013).

Journal of Homosexuality, Volume 59, Issue 3, 2012: Special Issue: The Treatment of Gender Dysphoric/Gender Variant (GD/GV) Children and Adolescents. Access to Abstracts for: Introduction to the Special Issue on “The Treatment of Gender Dysphoric/Gender Variant Children and Adolescents.” - Clinical Management of Gender Dysphoria in Children and Adolescents: The Dutch Approach. - Psychological Evaluation and Medical Treatment of Transgender Youth in an Interdisciplinary “Gender Management Service” (GeMS) in a Major Pediatric Center. - From Gender Identity Disorder to Gender Identity Creativity: True Gender Self Child Therapy. - A Comprehensive Program for Children with Gender Variant Behaviors and Gender Identity Disorders. - A Developmental, Biopsychosocial Model for the Treatment of Children with Gender Identity Disorder. - - Discussions: The Dynamic Development of Gender Variability. - Supporting Transgender Children: New Legal, Social, and Medical Approaches. - Thoughts on the Nature of Identity: How Disorders of Sex Development Inform Clinical Research about Gender Identity Disorders. - Apples to Committee Consensus: The Challenge of Gender Identity Classification. - Listening to Children Imagining Gender: Observing the Inflation of an Idea. - Commentary on the Treatment of Gender Variant and Gender Dysphoric Children and Adolescents: Common Themes and Ethical Reflections. - Gender Dysphoric/Gender Variant (GD/GV) Children and Adolescents: Summarizing What We Know and What We Have Yet to Learn.

Riley, Elizabeth Anne (2012). The Needs of Gender Variant Children and Their Parents. PhD. Dissertation, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney. PDF Download. By establishing the needs of gender-variant children and their parents, this qualitative enquiry aims to contribute to research-based evidence and the development of supportive programs, training and policies. This study brings into the open forum some of the challenges that children with gender variance and their parents face, identifies ways in which the children and their parents are marginalised and explores how they cope. Evidence is provided so as to inform the practices, interventions and recommendations relied upon in supporting gender-variant children and their families... The results of this study indicate a severe lack of resources and access to professional help for gender-variant children and their parents. The needs of the children emerged as: the need to be heard and accepted by their parents without punishment; the need for information and peer contact; the need for personal gender expression; and the need for safety. The most common needs for parents were for information in the way of stories, research and guidelines as well as educational resources to prepare schools, professionals and local communities for providing trans-positive support for them and their child. Other identified needs of the parents addressed support from community, professionals, peers and governments.

Riley EA, et al. (2011). The Needs of Gender-Variant Children and Their Parents According to Health Professionals. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13(2): 54-63. Full Text. Full Text. Children with gender variance and their parents struggle with negativity on a daily basis due to ignorance regarding their issues and needs. This study explored professionals’ views of these issues and needs via a qualitative Internet survey. Responses were examined using content and thematic analysis. The dominant identified needs for gender-variant children according to the professionals were to feel accepted, acknowledged and respected. Parents’ needs included emotional support and guidance, information, and access to competent, caring professionals. Implications of the study’s findings were the need for professional training, funding for education and research, and efforts to reduce the social stigma associated with gender variance.

'Born in the Wrong Body': Transgender youth share their stories in an MSNBC documentary. - Young transsexuals should be allowed to put puberty on hold: Halting development allows teenagers time to consider their potential treatment, says Richard Green (2008). YouTube: Transsexual Children youth. - Transgendered Children and Youth,  Ottawa-Carleton, ON, Mental Health Resources. - Safe Schools: Transgender and Gender Variant Children and Youth: Resources for Parents/Guardians, Family Members, Educators and Allies. - Research Shows Lack of Support for Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth in U.S. School Systems. - Sacramento Based Radio Hosts Defame, Advocate Violence Against Transgender Children (2009). - Caring for Transgender Adolescents in BC: Suggested Guidelines (2006). - Notes On Gender Transition: Second Opinion. - Transgender kids: How young is too young for a sex change (2009). - Suppressing puberty with a view to sex-change surgery. - Lives in a chiaroscuro. Should we suspend the puberty of children with gender identity disorder? (2008). UK Doctors 'Failing' Children Trapped In Gender Limbo, According To Experts (2008). - Different (2010): A new medical treatment helps teens who feel they were born the wrong sex. - Dispute on Transgender Rights Unfolds at a Colorado School (2013).

'My body is wrong': Should teenagers who believe they are transgender be helped to change sex? And if so, what about the four-year-olds who feel the same way? Viv Groskop meets the parents and doctors in favour of intervention. - Transgender Kids: Not Just a Phase (2009). - Two Families Grapple with Sons' Gender Preferences: Psychologists Take Radically Different Approaches in Therapy (2008). - Transgender Kids: Boys Will Be Girls: If your child longed to be the opposite sex, would you let them "switch teams?" (2008). - Hormone Blockers for Transgender Kids? (2007). - Second Grade Boy Lives Life as a Girl (2008). - Helping Transgender and Gender Variant Youth (Video). - Barbies and Beer: Narrative Therapy with a Gender Variant Child.

A Boy's Life (2008). Since he could speak, Brandon, now 8, has insisted that he was meant to be a girl. This summer, his parents decided to let him grow up as one. His case, and a rising number of others like it, illuminates a heated scientific debate about the nature of gender—and raises troubling questions about whether the limits of child indulgence have stretched too far. Commentary. - Transgender kids: How young is too young for a sex change? Delving into the often tumultuous worlds of transgender youth  (2009). - Transgender Youth, Adolescent Decisionmaking, and Roper v. Simmons (Alternate Link, 2009). - Born in a bind: treating transgender children (2007). - Children's Hospital Boston Offers "Sex Change" to Adolescents (2008).

Understanding Gender Identity in K-12 Schools. - Lonely road: Why school is hell for transgender pupils (2008). - TransAmerica: Coming soon to a school near you. Should a male student be allowed to dress as a girl and use girls’ restrooms? (2009). - Kids Pulled From Transgender Teacher's Class (2008). - Transgendered Children in Schools: a critical review of Homophobic Bullying: safe to learn – embedding anti-bullying work in schools. - Research Shows Lack of Support for Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth in U.S. School Systems. - Guidance on Combating Transphobic Bullying in Schools. - Transphobic Bullying in Schools. - Lonely road: Why school is hell for transgender pupils. - Trans Youth at School. - Transgender teens: girls will be boys (2010): The soap Hollyoaks is about to introduce a challenging new storyline about Jasmine, the girl who wants to be Jason. Can it help change attitudes to transgender teens?

Harsh Realities Finds Transgender Youth Face Extreme Harassment in School. - Harsh Realities: The Experiences of Transgender Youth in Our Nation's Schools (2009): "Societal norms of gender expression - masculinity or femininity - pervade American culture, on television, in advertising, at sporting events and in school hallways nationwide. Children hear words like “sissy” or “tomboy” or expressions like “you throw like a girl” from their first days on the playground. Name-calling and bullying based on gender expression are among the first forms of harassment that young people learn and experience. And as transgender and gender nonconforming students enter middle and high school, they can face far harsher realities than name-calling, including harassment and physicalviolence." - Transgender youth gaining acceptance / More schools are honoring students' gender identity (SF, 2004). - Working With Transgender Students: Information for School Psychologists (2009). - Growing Up Transgender: Safety and Resilience (2008). - ACT for (Trans) Youth, Part 1: Growing Up Transgender: Research and Theory (2008).

60 Minutes (2009, Australian Video): My Secret Self: This is a story that at first glance seems quite unbelievable. It's about a little girl called Jazz. She's only eight years old and she was born a boy. She is probably the youngest transgender child in the world. For years, Jazz felt something was wrong, that somehow she was trapped in the wrong body. So she decided to dress and live as a girl.And even more controversially, her parents accepted it. - Transgender Kids: The Dr. Oz Show Segment [Video, part 1 of 2]: Parts 1 & 2. - Transgender kids on Tyra shed a whole new light on viewers (Video, 2010). - Transgender Kids tonight on TV One (2010). - On TV: Transgender Kids (2010).

ABC's 20/20 on Trankids: 'I Want to Be Seen as Male': Transgender Teenager and His Parents Share Their Story With Barbara Walters (2008): Last year, Barbara Walters spoke with the families of three transgender children who agreed to share their stories. Now, one year later, "20/20" has reached out to the families again to learn what's happened since the original "20/20" episode aired. All three families said that the story helped change their world for the better. Advocacy groups also report a significant surge in young transgenders coming out. Read below to find out more about Jeremy, formerly known as Rebecca. - 'I'm a Girl' -- Understanding Transgender Children: Parents of Transgender Child Support Her Choice (2008). - Born With the Wrong Body: Transgender 10-Year-Old Girl and Her Family Talk to Barbara Walters. - Transgender Children: Frequently Asked Questions to Help You Understand Transgender Children (2007). -  A Better World for Transgender Children: Life has improved for many of the transgender kids '20/20' profiled last year (Video, 2008). -  Coping with Rejection: Experts help parents of transgender kids love their children for who they are (Video, 2008). -  Transgender Kids: Early Revelations: Some children identify as a different gender, saying they're the "wrong sex." (Video, 2008). Transgender Children: A transgender teenager and his parents talk to Barbara Walters (Video, 2007). - Transgender Children Face Unique Challenges: Families Talk to Barbara Walters About Rejection, Harrassment and Isolation (2007). - "The View" on Transgender Kids (Video, 2010).

Transkids (UK): - "This site is primarily for teachers in primary schools. It is not just for teachers in primary schools with transgendered children in their class, it is for all primary school teachers. (However there is also material here which may be useful to secondary teachers and parents.)  The reason for this is that if you have a transgendered child in your class or your school, you are very unlikely to know it. Transgendered children, especially transgendered boys, are extremely secretive and feel that they are freaks. They become aware at quite a young age that their gender identity and the way they feel is unacceptable. Other children will often pick on any sign of  them not fitting into the gender into which they have been born in order to brand them sissies. .." - About Transgendered children. - Teaching Resources. - Teaching about transgender issues: usually better when linked to gender issues generally as well as LGB and homophobia issues.

TransKids Purple Rainbow Foundation: - Mission & Goals: Dedicated to funding research and education about transgender issues to build a brighter future for all TransKids. Our children aren't pink or blue - but rather - various shades of purple.

Transkids.us: "This is a website about male to female transsexuals who were obviously feminine as young children and whose social and sexual issues are improved by choosing to live as female rather than male, a decision which usually takes place between the onset of puberty and the end of puberty for the majority of us. We have been called different names in the past, primary transsexuals, "true" transsexuals and most recently homosexual transsexuals. We feel this last taxonomy is more etiologically and descriptively correct and that it holds the most potential for understanding, both socially and therapeutically, those of us who begin our lives as "transkids... We prefer to speak about our lives and issues ourselves and we are not helped by having our lives and issues represented and re-interpretted by non-homosexual transsexuals whose histories, motivations, etiology and personal understanding of their transsexuality is different from our own. In the controversy following the publication of J. Michael Bailey's The Man Who Would Be Queen there has been an exclusive focus on the reactions of autogynephilic transsexuals to the concept of autogynephilia. It's only appropriate for us to represent our own vantage point and perspective rather than continuing to allow autogynephilic transsexuals to speak for us. Our own voices need to be added to the discussion of transsexuality..."

Transkids.us: 'What is wrong with some common transsexual ideas' or Myths from the standard transsexual narrative. - The Gender Identity Fallacy: How an Irrational Concept Prevents a Rational Understanding of Transsexuality. - Treatment recommendations for hsts transkids. - hsts in Singapore: In Singapore and most of SE Asia where I'm from... transgirls like myself mostly start off as gay boys first... and then later branch away from the gay community to transition as women. It is loosely termed as the sisterhood here because the girls here hang out together a lot, both for guidance from older sisters and friendship...

Vitriolic Rage Directed at Transkids.us: Internet fakes: "transkids.us" ... My concern is that supposedly scientific "experts" like J. Michael Bailey and Anne Lawrence are such poor researchers that it’s unlikely they will verify sources or retract fabrications if the source says something they want to hear. I’d hate to see biographical fabrications become part of Lawrence’s published “narratives” about sexuality in the community. Both Bailey and Lawrence had links to the "transkids" site within minutes after the site went live on 14 December 2004. They have respectively proclaimed it "thrilling" and "marvelous." ... Readers have sent information on Alex, Gogo, and Inoue, the other "transkids." If you have received an email, attachment or photo from someone using these names in 2004 or earlier, please forward it to me for analysis by our investigators. We need to vector and expose this kind of online fakery before more academics like Simon LeVay, James Cantor, and Alice Dreger take them seriously. - Kiira Triea (Denise Tree) and the "transkids" hoax.

Mermaids (Family support group for children and teenagers with gender identity issues): An Introduction to Mermaids. - Medical Issues. - Helpful Hints for Families and Carers. - Young Voices. - Media. - Coming Out: The Voice of the Young Transgendered. TransYouth.net . - TYFA - Serving Transgender youth and their families. - TransActive: Serving Trans Youth and Their Families.

The Transgender Decision (Video, 2011): The decision to change one’s gender, or even to decide to start this course of action, isn’t one to be taken lightly. Paul Vasey and Marc Breedlove speak of fellow psychologist Kenneth Zucker’s work in the field of transgender development. They debate issues of acceptance, whether the child can truly know, and how their view can change upon reaching puberty.

Transgendered Children and Youth,  Ottawa-Carleton, ON, Mental Health Resources. - Safe Schools: Transgender and Gender Variant Children and Youth: Resources for Parents/Guardians, Family Members, Educators and Allies. - Transgender Youth Links. - Lambda 10 Project: Transgender Education and Support Resources.


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Transvestite Issues / Crossdressing

Myths & Misconceptions About Crossdressers (1994). - What is Crossdressing? - Mitos y Malentendidos Sobre los Trasvestis (1994, Translation). - Transvestism (Wikipedia). - Transvestism. - Reasons for Male to Female Crossdressing. - Razones para el travestismo de Hombre a mujer. - Crossdressers and Queens. - Transvestism: a survey of 1032 cross-dressers (1997). - Are transvestites necessarily heterosexual? (1997). - The childhood and family dynamics of transvestites (1995). -  Virtuoso Illusion: Cross-Dressing and the New Media Avant-Garde (2010). - Conservative men in conservative dresses (2002). - Yubisaki Milk Tea Cross-Dressing Manga Ends in Japan (2010). - glbq: Cross-Dessing. - Are transvestites necessarily heterosexual? (1997, Abstract) - The DSM Diagnostic Criteria for Transvestic Fetishism (2009/2010). - Transvestic Fetishism: Psychopathology or Iatrogenic Artifact? (2002). - Transvestism 'no longer a disease' in Sweden (2008).

The Watson Table: From "low level transvestite" to "transvestic transsexual" to "high intensity transsexual." - Psychology & Psychopathology of Transgenderism. - Crossdressing Transformation Contents. - Julia's Teen Crossdressing Page. - What The Bible Says About Crossdressing? - Cross-Dressing & the Bible (2001). - Crossdressing and Christianity (1999). - Crossdressing and Christianity: A REAL Man's Struggle (1999). - Crossdressing and Society (1997). - Ethics And Crossdressing. - Cross-dressing in The Roaring Girl. - Thomas Middleton's and Thomas Dekker's 'The Roaring Girl'. - Cross Dressing with a Difference: 'The Roaring Girl' and 'Epicoene' (2005). -  The discrimination faced by transvestites (2010). 

Crossdressing information from Cathy Anderson's Pages (From Archives): - Internet Resources. - Crossdresser Support: "There are lots of fun websites for crossdressers. But from time to time, every crossdresser asks serious questions, too." - Jung's Anima Theory and How it Relates to Crossdressing. - Freud's Sexual Inversion Hypothesis and Crossdressing. - From John's Pages (From Archive): - Why Be A TV? - What scientists believe. - The Dark Side of Crossdressing: Staying Balanced and Keeping Yourself Under Control. - Transvestite's Mother Wins $2.9 Million In Suit Against City For Malpractice On Her Deceased Son. - No cross-dressing at Morehouse College. (2009)  - Cross-dressing teens get own school bathroom (2008).

Drag King (Wipedia). - Drag King Links. Diesel Drag king Links. - Of Catamites and Kings: Reflections on Butch, Gender and Boundaries. - Just Like A Man. - 'Venus Boyz': the documentary film described by its director as a journey "in search of the women who live in between, and also of the man they become, be it for a night or a lifetime", charts examples of female masculinity from its most obvious realms, the Drag King arena, trans identities and intersex identities. - By Fan or By Sword: Cross Dressing in Golden Age Theatre as a Means of Social Resistance By Female Playwrights of the Era. - Gender and Body Construction in Edo Period Kabuki.

A Cognitive Behavioral Analysis of Transvestism. - Relativity of Gender: The Five Natural Categories of Sexes. (Google Search: "Relativity of Gender)- What is GIDreform.org? - The second self and male transvestism. - Transvestism and the Construction of Self. - Crossdressing Satisfies Need to Fully Express Self. - Betrayals (Wives and Crossdressing). - Cross dressing and gender dysphoria in people with learning disabilities: a descriptive study (2009). 

From Vested Interests: Cross-dressing & Cultural Anxiety (1991). (Book Review published in Postmodern Culture) (Google Books) - Journal: Cross-Dressing Kickboxer Is a Big Hit in Thailand. - Crossdressing: CD-tips Home Page. - CrossDressing Guide - Informationen für CrossDresser. -The social organization of transvestite prostitution and AIDS. - Male transvestite prostitutes and HIV risk (1993).

Queer Play: The Cultural Work of Crossdressing in Medieval Drama. - Cross-Dressing in Antiquity: Art and Text. - Cross-Dressing in Shakespeare's Plays N/A. (Related Information) - Patterns of Crossdressing in Shakespeare’s Comedies.  - Crossdressing in Indian Theater.- Cross-dressing in film and television.   Cross-Dressing in Film. - On the Arts: Transvestism through the ages has served cross purposes. Cross-dressing Cultures. - Why White Boys Sing the Blues: Lott explores "Racial Cross-Dressing." - Crossdressing in the Renaissance. - Cross-dressing, sexuality, and gender identity of Joan of Arc. - Cross-dressing, Alter Egos, and the Artist. - Mark Twain's cross-dressing oeuvre.

Welcome to Mark Leonard’s one-of-a-kind comedy-drama, "Nikki and Bobby". A tale of romance between a straight white sheriff and a black transvestite from Times Square, "Nikki and Bobby" rises above cheap jokes to genuinely explore racism, homophobia and sexual possibility. As a love story, it’s intriguing. As a play, it’s not entirely successful. Would you believe it’s based on a true story? - Hedwig and the Angry Inch: Not Your Average Transvestite Musical. - Cross-dressing a long show business tradition in Japan (2007). 

My son, the cross-dresser Just because he plays soccer in ballet slippers, does that make him a weirdo? - I humiliated my cross-dressing teenager. - Cross dressing at middle school causes controversy. - Whose movement is it?(transsexual feels part of the gay community): Transgender activists seek allies among often-reluctant lesbians and gay men N/A. (The Advocate) - Trans-Genders Go Home! When the Queers Shut Out the Trans Community. - The Gender Education and Advocacy organization has donated the National Transgender Library and Archive (NTL&A) to the University of Michigan.- Genetics vs. love.(same sex marriage): When one partner in a couple is transgendered, the courts say DNA counts more than a marriage certificate. - The secret life of men who wear female underwear.

Helping Wives of Crossdressers to Understand and Cope.- Today’s Crossdresser: The Perfect Husband! (2009) - Women in relationships with cross-dressing men: a descriptive study from a nonclinical setting. - Sexual Orientation Confusion Among Spouses of Transvestites and Transsexuals Following Disclosure of Spouse's Gender Dysphoria (1997). - Male Cross-Dressers in Therapy: A Solution-Focused Perspective for Marriage and Family Therapists (2001). - Old Hags & Sagging Bags: A Forum for Ancient Cross-Dressers (Newsletter/forum for aging cross-dressers and other transgendered people). - Advice for women with crossdressing partners. - Advantages of having a crossdressing husband. (Alternate Link) - Coping With Crossdressing: Essays & strategies for dealing with issues. - Boys Cross Dressing: Common Misconceptions. - Cross dressing in children. - Coping With Crossdressing: Essays & Strategies for dealing with crossdressing issues. - A web site for all gifted cross dressing people.. 

Crossdressing  in the Czech Republic. - Crossdressing in Brazil: Behind the Glitter. - Crossdressing in Australia. - Challenging sexual stereotypes: is cross-dressing "un-African"? Crossdressing in St. Louis. - The Seahorse Society of NSW Inc: Crossdressing in Sydney. - Cross-dressing Italian cop given the boot. - The rights of transvestites in Argentina (2001). Argentina: Transvestite dies in detention (2000). - Transvestite killings on the rise in Guatemala (2006). - For These Transvestites, Still More Role Changes (Indonesia, 2003). - High rates of sexually transmitted diseases among male transvestites in Jakarta, Indonesia (2003). - "Transvestites Unplugged": Does the Malay Society in Singapore Regard It as a Deviance? (2006). 

Four renditions of doing female drag: feminine appearing conceptual variations of a masculine theme. - by Steven P. Schacht (PDF Download). From the Abstract: "I highlight the apparent differences and striking similarities of those doing female drag. By locating female impersonators within the matrices of gender and sexual performance, identity, and embodiment, a multifarious viewpoint of this activity results that better illuminates participants’ contextual motivations for undertaking what the dominant culture otherwise often defines as a stigmatized presentation of self. Out of the myriad of ways those doing female drag comes the strong impression that, while such individuals may be gender traitors of sorts, they are anything but gender anarchists."

RuPaul Sounds Off On New Season Of 'RuPaul's Drag Race,' Obama, The Word 'Tranny,' And More (2012): On this idea of how people identify, what they call themselves, a lot of controversy too, lately, over the word "tranny"-- Yes. Lance Bass just apologized for using the word "tranny." What do you think of all that? [Laughter] It's ridiculous! It's ridiculous! Words -- it goes back to grade school: Sticks and stones, you know the rest. The thing is you have to look at the ego, you have to follow the money, and the payoff. And the payoff is that the ego wants attention no matter what. It will try to get it wherever the hell it can, whether it's positive or negative. So you have to ignore it basically -- you have to starve it out. And unfortunately in our culture one person can write a letter to the network and they shut something down. It's unfortunate. But I love the word "tranny." And no one has ever said the word "tranny" in a derogatory sense. In fact, you have to go to the intent of the person saying it. Of course Lance Bass, his intent would never be to be derogatory. Never. So, you know, that's really ridiculous. And I hate the fact that he's apologized. I wish he would have said, "F-you, you tranny jerk!" --- It's something that a lot of activists feel though is used against them in a negative way. But, I mean, lesbians, a lot of them call themselves dyke too, right? So, you can call yourself these words. - Right, because they've earned the right to do it. And in the ACT UP age we called ourselves queers because we earned the right, we took the word back. But in reality, once you go even deeper, you know, you have to come from intent. And black folks call themselves the n-word all the time. It's because the intent is coming from a place of love. If the intent is coming from a place of hatred, that's different. But you can't legislate intent. You can't -- there's no way to do it. So, the truth is, you have to fix that individually on a one by one basis. If somebody calls you a green martian, would you be offended by it? No, you wouldn't be. Why? Because you know you're not a green martian. But if you're offended by someone calling you a "tranny," it was only because you believe you are a "tranny!" [laughter.] So then, the solution is: Change your mind about yourself being a "tranny."

Transgender and Crossdressing Books, Videos and Information. - Gianna's articles on closets apply to those who crossdress in private or in public, while remaining in the gender role of their birth. - Transgender and Crossdressing Resources - Clinical Social Work. - Tri-Ess: The Society For The Second Self. - Crossdressing Freedom. - TrannyWeb.com - Men Who Wear Panties. - Tranny International. - URNotAlone. - Coping With Crossdressing. - The Girl Inside. - Cross Dressers Wives - Resources. - A user created transvestite movie list.

Search the QRD. -  Search all GLBT Resource Directories. - Search Google.com - Search findarticles.com: many full text articles and papers. - Open Directory: Crossdressing. - Google.com: Crossdressing. - Yahoo Directory. - Open Directory

CrossDressing Guide - Filme zum Thema CrossDressing. - Verkleidung, Verwirrung, Verführung - Crossdressing im Film. - glbtq: Crossdressing Literature. - CrossDressing Books. - Ralph W. Judd Collection on Cross-Dressing in the Performing Arts.

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Transsexual Issues

The DSM-5 Issues: - Proposed Draft Revisions to DSM Disorders and Criteria. -  DSM-5 Update: Annotated List of TS-Si.org Articles. -  Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders in DSM-5. - Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders | APA’s proposed changes – DSM-5. - Reflections on the Proposed DSM5 Revisions and the Role of Community Consultation. - Compromise 2 - Analysis of the DSM-5 PRs (Part 1). - Compromise 2 - Analysis of the DSM-5 PRs (Part 2). - Latest version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual still includes gender variance as a disorder,recommends ‘reparative’ therapy. - Why GID Must Be Removed From the DSM (2009). - Classification of transsexuals (Wikipedia). - Transsexuality will no longer be classified in France as a mental illness (2009). - "Depathologize!”:  A follow-up. - “Disordered” No More: Challenging Transphobia in Psychology, Academia and Society (2009). - How Diseases and Mental Illnesses are Created. - Psychiatry's Bias Problem (2010). - An Attack On Our Most Vulnerable (1997): The Use and Abuse of Gender Identity Disorder. - Sex changes are not effective, say researchers (2004).  - Transgender Love: When Husband Becomes Wife (2011). - “I'm in Transition Too”: Sexual Identity Renegotiation in Sexual-Minority Women's Relationships with Transsexual Men (2009). - The Sexual Relationships of Sexual-Minority Women Partnered with Trans Men: A Qualitative Study (2010). - Ruling is victory for transgender New Yorkers who seek to change gender on birth certificates (2012).

Gender Assignment Dysphoria in the DSM-5 [Commentary, Archives of Sexual Behavior, in press, by Dr. Anne Lawrence] (2014): The new diagnosis of Gender Dysphoria (GD) in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) is a major disappointment. In many respects it is a significant step backwards from the diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder (GID) in the DSM-IV-TR (APA, 2000), and the members of the GID Subworkgroup (Zucker et al., 2013) have done a disservice to both patients with GD and the clinicians who treat them. Several specific problematic features of the new GD diagnosis - including elimination of subtypes based on sexual orientation and extension of the diagnosis of GD proper to persons who identify as "some alternative gender" that is neither male nor female—were among the Subworkgroup's original proposals. I criticized these features in an earlier commentary (Lawrence, 2010) and will not repeat my criticisms here. In this commentary, I will instead focus on two broader problems of the new GD diagnosis: (1) the conceptualization of GD as distress about "assigned gender" rather than about biologic sex, and (2) the implication that gender transition automatically results in loss of the GD diagnosis.

Transgender Advocates Seek New Diagnostic Terms (2012, Alternate Link):  Does a woman who strongly believes she was meant to be a man have a mental condition or a medical problem? Is a man who cross-dresses in need of psychological help? What about a boy who pretends to be a girl in make-believe games and chooses only female playmates? The nation's psychiatric establishment is wrestling with these questions, among others, as it works to overhaul its diagnostic manual for the first time in almost two decades. Advocates have spent years lobbying the American Psychiatric Association to rewrite or even remove the categories typically used to diagnose transgender people, arguing that terms like Gender Identity Disorder and Transvestic Fetishism promote discrimination by broad-brushing a diverse population with the stigma of mental illness. "The label of mental defectiveness really places a burden on trans people to continually prove our competence in our affirmed roles," Kelley Winters, a Colorado scholar who has helped lead the push for changes, said...  The most symbolic change under consideration so far for the manual's fifth edition, known as the DSM-V for short, is a new name for Gender Identity Disorder, the diagnosis now given to adults, adolescents and children with "a strong and persistent cross-gender identification." In the manual's next incarnation, individuals displaying "a marked incongruence between one's experienced/expressed gender and assigned gender" would be diagnosed instead with "Gender Dysphoria," a term that comes from the Greek word for emotional distress. While the shift may seem purely semantic, switching the emphasis from a disorder that by definition all transgender people possess to a temporary mental state that only some might possess marks real progress, according to Dana Beyer, a retired eye surgeon who helped the Washington Psychiatric Society make recommendations for the chapter on "Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders."

Smith, Tones (2011). Pathology, bias and queer diagnosis : a crip queer consciousness. Master's Dissertation, Social Work, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, Massachusetts. PDF Download. Download Page. The medical industrial complex has historically contributed to the oppression and pathology of queer and disabled people in a myriad of ways; through forced medication and institutionalization, as well as denial of self-determination and identity. Queer theory and disability theory both challenge modes of normalcy directly related to both queer and disabled identities by using a lens that encompasses sexuality, gender, embodiment, health and impairment. This paper will use queer theory and disability theory to analyze the ways in which queer and disabled identities are connected and co-constructed, as well as, the ways in which these intersections may expand our thinking in social work. The current diagnosis and controversy around Gender Identity Disorder as a diagnosis in the DSM will be examined through the lenses of queer theory and disability theory, to aid in the continued movement to depathologize queer and disabled identities. It is the perspective of this paper that the liberation of queer people is directly linked to the liberation of disabled people and that trans/queer justice is disability justice.

The High Price of Looking Like a Woman (2011): For these women, yearning to appear more feminine, and unable to afford gender reassignment surgery, pumping can seem like a relatively cheap and easy shortcut. The names of pumpers travel by word of mouth, handed down from older women to younger ones just beginning the process of transition. Some operate in teams, renting a hotel room and holding a pumping party to inject 10 or 20 women at a time. It is a dangerous, and sometimes fatal, practice. Most plastic surgeons say silicone is safest when used as enclosed implants, but pumpers use loose silicone, which can migrate and cause disfigurement or significant scarring. Because medical-grade silicone can be hard to come by without hospital connections, some pumpers even inject cooking oil or industrial-grade silicone intended for cars and airplanes, said Dr. Anita Radix, a physician at Callen-Lorde Community Health Center in Manhattan, which primarily serves the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community...

The Medicalization of Transgenderism (2001): Whitney Barnes brings us an academic work on how the medical establishment has historically treated transsexual and intersexual people and how we are beginning to wrest control of our bodies back from them. - Zucker subverts his scientific journal in a vendetta against women who exposed his reparatist treatment of gender-variant children (2007). - Gender Identity Disorder: Has Accepted Practice Caused Harm? (2009, Alternate Link). - Gender Identity Disorder Reform. - Myth, Stereotype, and Cross-Gender Identity in the DSM-IV (1996). - Is transsexuality biologically determined? (2000). - Gender Interrupted: Controversy & Concerns about Gender Identity Disorder (GID) (2008?) - DSM-V Controversies (2009). - Reflections on the Proposed DSM5 Revisions and the Role of Community Consultation (2010). - The War Within: CAMH battles notorious reputation of Zucker’s and Blanchard’s gender clinics with scathing report (2009). - "Men Trapped in Men's Bodies:"  An Introduction to the Concept of Autogynephilia. - Ray Blanchard (1989) The Concept of Autogynephilia and the Typology of Male Gender Dysphoria. - On the Science of Changing Sex: Time will tell…(2010) - Toronto: global epicenter for oppression of sex and gender minorities (2010). - TG Healthcare in Ontario (2009). - Controversy continues over APA and gender variance (2010).

Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 14(2), 2010: Transgender Issues, Abstracts: - Introduction: An Inside Look: Appreciating the Complexity of Gender Identity. - Transgender Clients: Identifying and Minimizing Barriers to Mental Health Treatment.- Conference Proceedings “In or Out?”: A Discussion About Gender Identity Diagnoses and the DSM... - Transsexualism, Gender Identity Disorder and the DSM. - The Revision of Gender Identitiy Disorder: DSM-5 Principles and Progress. - Beyond Conundrum: Strategies for Diagnostic Harm Reduction. - Aligning Bodies with Minds: The Case for Medical and Surgical Treatment of Gender Dysphoria. - The Role of Medical and Psychological Discourse in Legal and Policy Advocacy for Transgender Persons in the United States.

'Diagnosing Difference' should be mandatory viewing for all medical and mental health providers, including those currently in training and those who have practiced for many years ... This film provides not only a real portrayal of the diversity of gender identities within transgender communities, it also takes the medical and mental health professions head on with compelling historical facts, contemporary debates and personal narratives.  This film is a call to all mental health providers to not only educate themselves but to become activists for transgender patient rights within their professional communities.” - Disordered Identities: The Ambiguously Sexual Fetish.

Psychology, Sexualization and Trans-Invalidations (2009, by Julia Serano): I was inspired to write it after, on multiple occasions, I had read or heard sexologists and mental health professionals play down or outright dismiss trans people’s concerns regarding psychological depictions, diagnoses, terminology and theories about transgenderism. With this paper, I set out to explain, in very basic, easy to grasp language, precisely why trans people’s concerns regarding these matters are valid and should be taken seriously within the fields of psychology, psychiatry and sexology...  First, there are some psychologists who do truly trans-positive work. Further, I believe that the majority of psychologists - even ones that I most fervently disagree with - forward the theories they favor because they sincerely believe that they are correct and will benefit trans people in the long run. I also believe that the concern, fear and outrage expressed by trans people - even those who are the most vehemently defiant and angry at the psychological establishment - comes from a very real and legitimate place. It comes from our understanding that there is a direct connection between mainstream psychological discourses about gender variant people and the societal marginalization we face in our day-to-day lives due to our gender variance. While some psychologists and trans-health providers recognize this connection, too many others seem unconcerned with the problem...

Bohane, Katie (2010). Self-made women: The (re) construction of self following male to female gender reassignment surgery. PhD Dissertation, School of Psychology, University of Leicester. PDF Download. Download Page. Emergent themes in the interview data were clustered into five super-ordinate themes, where participants had communicated the following issues of significance to them: the importance of contextualising surgery; the social dimension of the procedure; the need to distinguish between gender and sex; the notion of having made a difficult but necessary choice; and the sense of living between genders post-operatively. Conclusions: The findings of the current study suggest that from a psychological perspective, surgical gender reassignment has complex implications for both the patient and those around them, such that it is perceived as both life-changing yet ultimately limited as an intervention. Further research is needed to build on these findings, for example through examining the experiences of partners and family members whose are themselves integral to the experience of constructing gender in this way.

Counseling the Transsexual. - Gender counselling and its difficulties in cases of acute and chronic gender dysphoria. - Culture and Sexual Orientation: How to Create More Sensitive Environments for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered Clients. - Notes on Gender Transition by Anne Vitale PhD. - Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Sex Change (but were afraid to ask). - Transgender in Thailand: Links. - Trans Australia - A resource for Australian's experiencing Transsexualism / Gender Dysphoria. - Couple's Therapy when the Male Partner Crossdresses. - Working with Female to Different Gender Students: Language, Development, Inclusion. - Mistaken identity (2004, Alternate Link): Once, if you felt you were born the wrong gender in the wrong body, you had to put up with it. Now, there are up to 400 sex change operations a year carried out in Britain. Some transsexuals who resort to surgery live to regret it, others decidedly do not. David Batty hears their stories.

Counseling Transsexual Populations. -  High Risk Project Society: An Introduction to: Gender, Transgender and Transphobia. - Guide to Intersex & Trans Terminologies. - Counseling the Transsexual Client: A Brief Overview of Transsexualism for Mental Health Professionals. - Issues of Countertransference in Therapy with Transgender Clients. - Recent Transgender Theory (Feminist Studies, Summer 2001). - Gender identity disorder in adolescence: outcomes of psychotherapy (Adolescence, Summer 1999). - Adolescents With Gender Identity Disorder Who Were Accepted or Rejected for Sex Reassignment Surgery: A Prospective Follow-up Study N/A by Yolanda L.S. Smith (Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, April, 2001: Abstract). - Clinical management of gender identity disorder in adolescents: a protocol on psychological and paediatric endocrinology aspects. - Counseling the Transsexual. - Gender counselling and its difficulties in cases of acute and chronic gender dysphoria. - Transgender and Counseling. - Los Angeles and Southern California transgender counseling and therapy for gender identity issues, disorders, and transvestite crossdressing behavior. - Culture and Sexual Orientation: How to Create More Sensitive Environments for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered Clients. - Order your 'Trans Clients Speak' DVD today!: This is your chance to hear from Transgender and Genderqueer people about their range of experiences with therapists: helpful, insulting, insensitive, uplifting, pathologizing, plaguing, empowering, and healing.

Gender and Sexuality. - On Gender and Sexual Orientation. - The Issue of Sexual Orientation. - Sexual Orientation Confusion Among Spouses of Transvestites and Transsexual Following Disclosure of Spouse's Gender Dysphoria.. - On Gender and Body Image. - Transsexuals struggle to reconcile physical body with self-identity. - Sexual Orientation among Male-to-Female Transsexuals.- Trans Sexuality: Literature Review: Sexual Orientation. - Gender Identification and Sexual Orientation Among Genetic Females with Gender: Blended Self-Perception in Childhood and Adolescence. - Transgender Experiences: - Transgendered Scholars Defy Convention, Seeking to Be Heard and Seen in Academe. - Big in Japan: the country's first out transgendered elected official hopes to be a role model in a country where few dare to break the mold of tradition. - Transgendered Children in Schools: a critical review of Homophobic Bullying: safe to learn - embedding anti-bullying work in schools (UK, 2008).

Hopkins research shows nature, not nurture, determines gender. - The Presence of Gender Dysphoria, Transsexualism, and Disorders of Sexual Differentiation in Males Prenatally Exposed to Diethylstilbestrol:Initial Evidence from a 5-Year Study. - Gender Role Reversal among Postoperative Transsexuals  by A.J. Kuiper, and P.T. Cohen-Kettenis. - A Discussion on the Relationship Between Gender Identity And Prenatal Exposure to Diethylstilbestrol (DES) in 46XY Individuals. - Britain's vanished Tour de France champion reappears - as a woman N/A: Robert Millar. - Robert Millar found, now a woman. - A pound of flesh: The cost of transsexual health care in Canada: Many provinces, including British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario, require that transsexuals seeking government-funded medical care be assessed at this Toronto clinic by a team of doctors who are considered to be experts in the field of gender identity... - Engaging Trans Debates on Gender Variance: A Feminist Analysis. - Sexual Identity (National Geographic Video). - In France, Transsexuals Celebrate a Small Victory (2010): "Last month, France became the first country in the world to remove transsexualism from its official list of mental disorders — a major victory when it comes to acceptance of this oft misunderstood condition..." - A choice of sex (2004): Why would a teenage girl want to become a boy? Genetic research may soon provide the answer. 

My transsexual father (Australian Humanities Review, 1997). - Patrick Califia-Rice: Transitions from being a well-known lesbian feminist to being a new father N/A (The Advocate). - Radical Transformation / Writer Patrick Califia-Rice has long explored the fringes. Now the former lesbian S/M activist is exploring life as a man. - Was Snow White a transsexual? - Funding the educational work of transgendered people on low incomes.

The Gender Centre Inc., Sydney, Australia Submission to The 2009-2010 Senate Community Affairs References Committee Inquiry into Suicide in Australia (Download Page) (The Report, June 2010: The Hidden Toll: Suicide in Australia - PDF, Download Page and HTML Version): (A, PDF): LGBT Organisations: Issues of Sex and Gender Diversity are often seen as an “add-on” for organisations focused around sexuality and/or sexual health. This ‘inclusion’ is not a comfortable one – either for Sex and Gender Diverse people, or for many of the organisations affected. Issues of Sex and Gender Diversity are fundamentally different from issues of sexuality, and organizations whose primary goal is focused around sexuality generally have little motivation to direct resources to Sex and Gender Diverse issues. Roughly 40% of Sex and Gender Diverse people identify as heterosexual and are not comfortable accessing services that have been designed to meet the specific needs of gays and lesbians. Levels of discrimination against Sex and Gender Diverse people from within the gay and lesbian community are at least as high as they are within in the broader community... In Conclusion: As already said the issue of suicide is pertinent for all Australia and for the transgender population the issues of extremely significant because of the risks and experiences transgender people are exposed to that make them more vulnerable to succumbing suicidal behaviors and actions. The Gender Centre as the leading Centre for advocacy of this marginalized community urge the senate to take note of the issues and ideas discussed in this paper and recognize that there is a great need for action to resolve the threat to the health and well being of the transgender population inAustralia in an appropriate and open understanding framework.

The Gender Centre Inc., Sydney, Australia Submission to The 2009-2010 Senate Community Affairs References Committee Inquiry into Suicide in Australia (Download Page) (The Report, June 2010: The Hidden Toll: Suicide in Australia - PDF, Download Page and HTML Version): (B, PDF): The Gender Centre as the peak organization for transgender people in NSW has a plethora of anecdotal evidence on the subject of suicide. It is by combining this anecdotal evidence with the statistical data available that a picture of transgender suicide in Australia can be formulated. The SPA position Statement (2009) does argue that the current research that is available indicates that the prevalence and rates of self harm and attempted suicide are significantly higher amongst transgender people than among non transgender populations.

Lynn Conway: My goal for this website is to illuminate and normalize the issues of gender identity and the processes of gender transition. This project began in the year 2000, as I struggled to "come out" about my past to my research colleagues. I wanted to tell in my own words the story of my gender transition from male to female three decades earlier, in 1968, and then of being outed 31 years later in 1999, while living quietly and successfully in "stealth mode".

Taboo Domestic Behavior: Focus on Richard Green's book The Sissy Boy Syndrome and the work of George Rekers and O. Ivar Lovaas. - Bargaining Power: Safer Sex and Survival on the Streets of New York: "He says kids with 'gender atypical behavior' are often the first to get kicked out by their parents, and then, looking for a meal and a place to stay, 'they quickly learn they're a commodity.' These youth, functioning outside of an organized sex-work structure, may have very little ability to assess risk."

The Man Who Would Be Queen: The Science of Gender-Bending and Transsexualism - by J. Michael Bailey - Review. - Review. - Review: "A primary aim of Bailey's book is to challenge the distinction between sexual orientation and gender identity and expression that has become commonplace in the LGBT community. "The standard lecture is that sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender role behavior are separate, independent psychological traits; a feminine man is as likely to be straight as gay," Bailey writes. "But the standard lecture is wrong. It was written with good, but mistaken, intentions: to save gay men from the stigma of femininity. The problem is that most gay men are feminine, or at least they are feminine in certain ways." Bailey goes so far as to assert that "the causes of homosexual transsexualism are largely the causes of homosexuality."" -  The Bailey Affair: Psychology Perverted (PDF Download): "Bailey s thesis is that all transgendered women can be divided into exactly two mutually exclusive classes - extremely feminine homosexual men, and men who pursue a crossdressingfetish to the point of modifying their bodies. This thesis is not new." Review: "Bailey’s point in writing this book is exposed near the end, when he states, “Learning more about the origins of transsexualism will not get us much closer to curing it” (p. 207). For a person who claims to be supportive, his notion that transsexualism or crossdressing is a mental illness in need of a cure makes this work one of the more offensive ones in recent years to come from one who hides behind the mask of academic respectability.

News Items / Commentaries / Analyses / Reviews: Categorically wrong? A Bailey-Blanchard-Lawrence clearinghouse. -  Prof's book challenges opinions of human sexuality: Bailey tackles sensitive transsexuality issues; some find his views offensive. - Report on a J. M. Bailey lecture at Stanford University by Joan Roughgarden. - An investigative report into the publication of J. Michael Bailey's book on transsexualism by the National Academies. - Group rescinds honor for disputed book: "The Lambda Literary Foundation announced Friday that it was removing a controversial book about transsexuality, titled "The Man Who Would Be Queen," from a list of finalists for its annual literary awards." - The gay and lesbian "Lambda Literary Foundation" disses all transsexual women by nominating Bailey's book for a GLB'T' literary award!

The World according to J. Michael Bailey inside "The Man who would be Queen: The Science of Gender Bending and Transsexualism": "Through our forgiveness I feel we can help foster his personal growth. I hope the broader transgendered and mental health communities can forgive one another and acknowledge the legitimacy of each others' perspectives. I hope that by seeing what dismissive cynicism can do, we can see in its reflection what honest communication can do. I am personally optimistic about the future for the relationships between psychologists and transgendered persons. - Book Controversy Question & Answer - The Bailey Affair, Again. - Transsexual Smokescreen: Ignoring Science In “The Man Who Would Be Queen.” (Submitted by jmichaelbailey on 4 September 2007): Both in her recent appearance on KQED’s Forum talk show and in her blog, Stanford University’s Joan Roughgarden continues her campaign to discredit me and my book, The Man Who Would Be Queen. Roughgarden’s rate of false accusations per utterance is so high that it is tempting to take the time to refute them one by one to the exclusion of getting around to discussing the science. Indeed, I believe that is the intent of Roughgarden and my other chief critics. If attention is focused on an endless stream of (false and outrageous) allegations made against me as a person, then no one will pay attention to the scientific ideas, presented in my book, that many of my critics wish to keep hidden. That is the purpose of the Big Lie, which can be summarized as follows: ...

Dreger AD (2007, in press). The Controversy Surrounding The Man Who Would Be Queen: A Case History of the Politics of Science, Identity, and Sex in the Internet Age. Archives of Sexual behavior. PDF Download (Alternate Link). - Responses to  Commentaries: PDF Download. Download Page. - Some Media Reponses: - Criticism of a Gender Theory, and a Scientist Under Siege (New York Times). - The show examines the ongoing debate over research into transgender identity. Host: Michael Krasny. -  Some Responses by Individuals: - How Can I debate this? By Sophia Siedlberg. - Gender Identity Disorder in Childhood: Inconclusive Advice to Parents (2009, by Alice Dreger). - Pretenders to the Throne: A Reply to Alice Dreger ("Pretenders to the Throne" a commentary on Alice Dreger's "The controversy surrounding The Man Who Would Be Queen: A case history of the politics of science, identity, and sex in the internet age," Archives of Sexual Behavior (June 2008), 430-433.)

On the Science of Changing Sex: "Silly Ol' Me" is a middle-aged transsexual woman who transitioned as a teenager, 35 years ago... This blog is about ideas and the science behind them regarding what is called rather loosely today, transsexual or transgender.  “Them’s fighin’words!”  Seriously, if you’re not familiar with the denizens of this world, it can be a very confusing place, with identity politics played for keeps.  But my hope is to cut through the noise and explore facts, “Just the facts ma’am.”

A Walking Map Through The Oppression Of Trans & Intersex People. - Trans and Intersex Survivors of Domestic Violence: Defining Terms, Barriers, & Responsibilities. - Why Serve Trans or Intersex Survivors? - Lesbian, Gay Male, Bisexual and Transgendered Elders: Elder Abuse and Neglect Issues. - Suggested Rules for Non-Transsexuals Writing about Transsexuals, Transsexuality, Transsexualism, or Trans. - State health investigators are probing the apparent suicide of a nationally known Transgender activist at a state-licensed mental-health facility in Tucson. Related: Alexander John "Bear" Goodrum.

Are transsexuals at the forefront of a revolution - or just reinforcing old stereotypes about men and women?Kate Bornstein: A Transgender Transsexual Postmodern Tiresias. - Silence = Death for Max. - If You're Going to Be a Female, Please Don't Be an Airhead. - Transsexual of color: A Transexual's Opening Song. - A Word On Sexism, and How Cultural Differences Divide the Transsexual/Transgender Community. - Sexism in the Male-to-Female Transsexual.

FTM International: - FTM London. - FTM Resources, NZ. - FTM Resources. - FTM Links and Other Helpful Stuff. - Publications & Resources. - Transgender Health Program: Resources. - Our standard method of reconstruction of the penis and urethra in female to male transsexuals. - Femmes, Butches and Lesbian-Feminists Discussing FTMs.- Burth-Femme Dynamics. - Butch-Femme Relations. - Butch-Femme-Transguy. - Butch/Femme Test (Link to...). - Butch-Femme.com - My Life As An Erroneous Sonogram: An interview of Marcelle concerning his body image and decision to transition female-to-male. - Fenway: Transgender Health Resources.

Transensual Femme. - Transensual Femme: This is a place for Femmes who are primarily attracted to transgendered butches and other guys on the transgender spectrum. Check out this exploration into Femme Identity and the nuances of Stone Butch/Femme Dynamic and FTM/Femme Dynamic. - Yes, just what *is* a transensual Femme, anyway?? - Butch-Femme Resources on the Web. - Butch-femme.net work: Serving the needs of Butches and Femmes, StoneButches and StoneFemmes, TGButches, TransMen, FtMs and their Femmes and MtFs since 1996. - I myself identify as a female to male transgendered guy. - Butch Gender in Transition. - Pursuing the Femme Identity. - Coming Out of the Queer Closet. - “Tranny” and Subversivism: Re-reclaiming “Tranny” (or not) part 1.

Counseling the Transsexual Client: A Brief Overview of Transsexualism for Mental Health Professionals. - Southern California Transgender Counseling. - Transsexual Surgery: Its Pros and Cons. - Recommendaqtion for T ransgend Health Care. - «Une opération, cela ne se regrette jamais» A Lausanne, le Dr Paul Daverio reçoit des patients du monde entier. Sa spécialité: le changement de sexe en une seule opération. Entretien: "On dit aussi qu’il y a un fort taux de suicide chez les transsexuel(le)s... Attention, ce ne sont pas les personnes qui se sont fait opérer qui se suicident ou tentent de le faire. Ce sont justement celles qui n’arrivent pas à faire comprendre à leur entourage qu’elles sont quelqu’un d’autre et que l’opération leur serait salutaire; ce sont celles qui se font trimbaler d’un médecin à l’autre, sans qu’aucun d’eux ne fasse le bon diagnostic; ce sont celles encore qui doivent se battre pour que leur assurance reconnaisse leur cas. On ne s’en rend pas compte, mais beaucoup de médecins ne savent même pas faire la différence entre les transsexuels, les travestis et les homosexuels! Il y a encore beaucoup d’information à faire à ce niveau-là." - Serving Trans Elders: What Service Providers Need (and Don't Need!) to Know. - Sexual Assault in the Transgender Communities (1999).

Transcript: Empowering the Transgender Community: The San Diego Experience: In May 2005 HIV InSite recorded the proceedings of several sessions at Equality and Parity: A Statewide Action for Transgender HIV Prevention and Care. Following is a partial transcript of presentations on Empowering the Transgender Community: The San Diego Experience. -  Addressing Ongoing Areas of Need: National Teleconference on Transgender Health & HIV (2009): The teleconference-based training exchange (Slides & Video) comprised brief, practical presentations of a range of material, including: Transgender 101 (Greene) - Epidemiology of HIV in trans communities in the U.S. (Keatley) - Effective HIV prevention interventions (Sevelius) - Mental health concerns and support (Bockting) - General health care concerns for transgender patients (Kohler). - Transgender HIV Health Services Best Practices Guidelines. - Transgender Health and HIV (2009). - Sex work and HIV status among transgender women: systematic review and meta-analysis (2008). - Estimating HIV prevalence and risk behaviors of transgender persons in the United States: a systematic review (2008). - Transsexual Women: At High Risk for HIV Infection: Assesing the Extent of the Disparity (2007).

Transgender People - AMSA National Inclusion Campaign: This module is designed to provide your group with a springboard for discussing current issues in healthcare that affect transgender individuals. AMSA's hope is that this discussion will also create a more understanding environment within your medical school for students who have yet to accept their sexual or gender identities and who therefore have yet to "come out" as transgender. Furthermore, we would like all students to gain insight into the unique cultural challenges faced by transgender persons in order to facilitate professional and quality patient care...

A problem of image: Life in Thailand's twilight zone: Mention the word katoey and Thais immediately think of the slightly soiled image of the feminine end of the gay spectrum - the man dolled up as woman, the limp wrist and exaggerated postures of the lady-boy. But as Thai gays seek a higher level of social acceptance, so the country's transvestites and transsexuals are trying to cast off their image as the unacceptable face of homosexuality... Still, all is not well in the sexual twilight zone. Trapped in the wrong gender, sometimes desperate to make the change from male to female, katoey are often prone to depression, anger and rash behavior. A minority turn to prostitution, others to crime. According to Peter Jackson, author of Dear Uncle Go: Male Homosexuality in Thailand, a large percentage of Thai transsexuals kill themselves." - Sporty Little Number: Thai audiences are lapping up a controversial movie that deals with gay and transsexual issues: "A box-office smash, Satree Lex, chronicles the country's gender-bending 1996 volleyball champion... the lead characters include a lesbian and five katoey - a Thai term that covers transsexuals, transvestites and effeminate gay men."

The Trouble When Jane Becomes Jack (PDF Download): "The reaction to the fictional character captured the bitter tension that can exist over gender reassignment. Among lesbians — the group from which most transgendered men emerge — the increasing number of women who are choosing to pursue life as a man can provoke a deep resentment and almost existential anxiety, raising questions of gender loyalty and political identity, as well as debates about who is and who isn’t, and who never was, a real woman... Still, coupled with a simultaneous trend among the young to reject sexual identity labels altogether, some lesbians fear that the ranks are growing of women who once called themselves lesbian but no longer do. “It’s as if the category of lesbian is just emptying out,” said Judith Halberstam, a gender theorist and professor of literature at the University of Southern California, San Diego, whose books include “Female Masculinity.” ... Despite the tangled set of issues involved, the survival rate of lesbian couples seems higher than among gay couples when one partner changes gender, advocates say.

Man raised as girl tells of life as a wife: Rabei returned recently from an operation in Thailand to correct his gender -- a procedure for which he obtained consent from both Sunni and Shi'ite clerics. He is the first Bahraini to go public with news of such an operation, his lawyer said. It triggered a flood of media coverage and condemnation from many of his fellow Bahrainis for what they see as a procedure forbidden by Islam. Most Muslim scholars say changing one's sex is forbidden unless it is related to an intersex condition such as Rabei's. His is one of a range of relatively rare conditions in which there is a mismatch between the body's sexual genetic code and its physical make up. Instead of having two X chromosomes -- the female pattern -- he has an XY or male configuration. This is a complex issue that Rabei said much of Arab and Islamic society was not yet ready for.

The 1998 HBIGDA (Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association's) Standards of Care. - Report on the Survey of Provision of Medical Care for Transsexualism in UK District Health Authorities carried out in 1995. - Access to Health Care for Transgendered Persons in Greater Boston (PDF Download). - Research Versus Assumption: Adapting the Standards of Care to Address Individual Needs. - Health care needs of transgendered patients. - Unacceptable standards of care proposed: a reasoned critique of the proposals issued for national consultation regarding "gender identity disorder in adults - guidance for the management of transsexualism". Speech: Royal College of Psychiatrists (16 April 2002) - "Trans People in the New NHS" by Dr Zoë-Jane Playdon, Co-Chair, Gay and Lesbian Association of Doctors and Dentists (GLADD). - Conceptualizing trans populations in research and implications in HIV prevention. - Trans activist Sass Rogando Sasot’s speech at the UN (2009).

Family Court Judgement on Transsexual Marriage (Australia). - Transgenders and the Issue of Same Sex Marriage. - Information for Transsexuals and their Partners. - Kids with Transgender Parents. - TransParentcy - References: Transgender Related. - Six year old trans child removed from supportive parents (Must Scroll). - Lesbian wedding allowed in Texas by gender loophole: Same-sex union allowed because one was born a man.

The Cook-Danielses - Who We Are: a queer, transgendered, multiracial family that lives in the North Bay area of San Francisco in Vallejo, California. - What kind of paths do female partners of FTMs take through transitions? - Trans-Positioned: "She's the kind of butch any femme would want: kind and thoughtful, mature and funny, politically aware and playful, handsome and great in bed. You've been soaring on cloud nine since the two of you got together. There's just one little problem that threatens to bring the whole wonderful lovership to a crashing halt. She says that despite her female body, she's actually a man. And she -- or should it be "he"? -- intends to live as one." - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Older Persons.

Dealing with Sexual Orientation (Workplace). Employment discrimination and transsexual people. - Adding Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity To Discrimination and Harassment Policies in Schools. - How Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Impacts the Workplace. - Transgender Employment Links. - Sexual Orientation at Work - Gay, Lesbian & Transgender People in the Workplace. - Guidelines/Suggestions for the Recruitment and Hiring of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Faculty, Staff, and Student Employees (University of Maryland). - Campus Climate for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Faculty and Staff (University of Maryland, 2005). - The law protecting employees in California from employment discrimination based on gender identity. - Transgender People Need Advocacy At Work (2008): Two University of Oregon doctoral students dove into issues of transgender identities - in the workplace and professional counselling - and surfaced with a call for psychologists and vocational counsellors to not only treat but to act as advocates for their clients - and to help end discrimination in the workplace...

Gender Typing in Stereo: The Transgender Dilemma in Employment Discrimination  (2003). - Studies of employment discrimination against transgendered persons. - Transgender veteran wins sex discrimination lawsuit (2008). - Transsexual truck driver tells employment tribunal she was ridiculed and forced out of her job (2008). - Transgender at Work (Rrsources for Employers & Employees). - Testimony of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Action Fund For the Hearing: An Examination of Discrimination Against Transgender Americans in theWorkplace (2008)

Battle rages on over transgender rights (2008). - National Center for Transgender Equality: 52 Things You Can Do for Transgender Equality. - Transgender Identities and Public Policy in the United States The Relevance for Public Administration (2007). - Section Review: Legal protections for transgender people (Massachusetts Bar Association, 2007). - Transgender Issues: A Research Summary (2009, Equality Arizona). - Trans Formation: Three myths regarding transgender identity have led to conflicting laws and policies that adversely affect transgender people (2008).

Trying to Keep the Boats Together (A Common Ground Column): "Finally, we must realize that prejudice against one of us is used against the other. One of the reasons transgender activists oppose versions of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act that cover only sexual orientation is that we believe these ENDAs leave most Gays unprotected, too. If firing someone because they're Gay is illegal but firing someone because he wears an earring or she wears men's shirts is fine, just how long do you think it will take employers to learn to say, "Your Honor, I couldn't care less what he does in bed; it's his appearance I fired him for"?" - Transgendered people gaining acceptance in gay and lesbian community (2002). - In Her Own Image: Transgender Activist Pauline Park (2002). - The Mistake of "GLBT" (2002). - For transgender people, acceptance is hard to find-even in LGBT community (2009).

The Gender Centre Inc., Sydney, Australia Submission to Submissions to The 2009-2010 Senate Community Affairs References Committee Inquiry into Suicide in Australia (2009, PDF): Some of the triggers for suicide include discrimination and bullying. Research has shown that some of the perpetrators of this discrimination and bullying are members of gay/ lesbian and bisexual community. The Human Rights Watch (HRW 2000) research showed that transgender youth are marginalised and attacked within the gay community especially young gay males sexually harassing transgender students. Mailman et al (2000) also argues that transgender people have been stigmatized by well established gay and lesbian organisations that marginalize transgender people and their issues. Anecdotal evidence from case work notes at the Gender Centre also reflect exclusionary practices of the Gay and Lesbian community, particularly from lesbians who summarily exclude trans women arguing that these women do not belong to the lesbian community as they are only males who wear dresses. With this type of discrimination and exclusion evident in the GLB community it raises the question of why the amalgamation of theGLB and transgender communities is considered appropriate.

US Protest Targets Transgender-Less Discrimination Act (2002): "Sleeping in a tent by night and making signs by day, Danielle Clarke began her vigil on May 9 as part of an education campaign about the need for legal protections in the transgender community.  "I am just one of the many transgendered people around the country who can't find work"..." - Transsexual picketing Edmonton hotel N/A: "Lisa Hardy - formerly named Doug - is picketing a city hotel today she claims forced her resignation for following a doctor's advice to dress as a woman."

Transgender rights still unenshrined (2008, Canada). - Transgender Struggle (2008): Transgendered people face lost jobs, estrangement from family and friends, complicated surgical procedures, ridicule and threats of violence. But for one Ontarian, the risks were worth it. - Atlantic Transgender - Atlantic TransGender (Canada): ATG is not a Crossdresser support group. While there is nothing wrong with being just a Crossdresser, we as Transsexuals have different issues that cannot be put away at the end of the evening with the wig, breast forms, and hip pads. Nor can we live the double lives common in the CD community. There are many CD resources on the net. For those of that persuasion in Atlantic Canada I suggest you check out: Gender Expressions Atlantic. - Maritime Transgendered Worplace Solutions Projects. - Gender Mosaic: Canada's oldest and most established Transgender Support Group. - Masquerade (Winnipeg): A Winnipeg Social Club For Crossdressers & Their Wives/Girlfriends: - Transgender Cafe: Winnipeg Transgender Group.  - Transgender Canada. - Transgender Health Program (Vancouver, BC). - Transgendered in Canada. Eps.1 (YouTube).

Transsexuals in Canadian prisons: An equality analysis (PDF Download). 'Cruel and Unusual': trans folk in prison. - Transsexual prisoner victimised. - Transsexual Inmate Treatment Issues. - Transsexual Prisoners. - Transsexualism in Prison. -  HMPS guideline proposals for transsexual prisoners.- Deliberate Indifference in Treatment of Transsexual Prisoner. - Breaking out of the prison hierarchy: transgender prisoners, rape, and the eighth amendment (PDF Download) (PDF Download). - New policy for transgender kids in NY juvenile jails (2008). - Italy “to open first prison for transgender inmates” (2010).  - Resources on Transsexual / Transgendered People in Prison. - Transgender prisoner resources. - Bibliography: Articles concerning detention and trans people (2008).

Prisons Face Dilemma With Transgender Inmates: Inmates Who Look Like Women, Housed With Men. - Transgendered Behind Bars (2007): A recent study by the San Francisco-based Transgender, Gender Variant and Intersex Justice Project on rape in California prisons found that 59 percent of transgender people reported being sexually assaulted in prison in 2006, compared to 4 percent of the general prison population. - Community Protests Human Rights Violations against Transpeople in California Prisons (2007). - Sexual Violence and Transgendered Prisoners. - Transsexual killer and attempted rapist wins 'human rights' battle to be moved to women's prison (2009). - Transgender patients face significant challenges in prison (2010). - Lost in the Gender Maze: Placement of Transgender Inmates In the Prison System (2010). - Transgender Prisoners, Identity, and Detention: Policy Recommendations (Human Rights Watch, 2006).


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Intersexuality

Why “Disorders of Sex Development”? (On Language and Life):  I just gave a talk at the Kinsey Institute about the history and politics of the term “intersex” and alternative terms for intersex, including “disorders of sex development,” and since a number of people who couldn’t make the talk have asked me for a summary, here it is. (Some of this material is covered in an article I have authored with April Herndon that will be published next year in the journal GLQ.) - From "Intersex" to "DSD": Toward a Queer Disability Politics of Gender. - Why is ISNA using "DSD"? - DSD But Intersex Too: Shifting Paradigms Without Abandoning Roots. - Special section on sex, gender, and sexuality diversity in '"Perspectives in Biology and Medicine". - Intersexuality: The Gender Beneath the Skin. - Intersexuality (Wikipedia). - Disorders of sex development (Wikipedia). - What if It’s (Sort of) a Boy and (Sort of) a Girl? (2006). - A Girl's Right to Choose: Intersex Children and Parents Challenge Narrow Standards of Gender (2002). - Intersex: I am not Disordered, I am Human (2008). - What’s in a Name? The Controversy over "Disorders of Sex Development" (2008). - Why is OII not using the term DSD or "Disorders of Sex Development"? Report compiled by Curtis E. Hinkle Founder, OII. 

Is Intersex a Disorder or a Competitive Advantage? (2010). - Woman, Man, Neither? The Predicament of a World-Class Runner (2009). - The Hounding of Caster Semenya and the Extermination of Hermaphrodites in the "Developed World". - An Intersex Perspective on Caster Semenya. - The persecution of Caster Semenya -- sport and intersex people's rights. - Caster Semenya Has Been Declared Intersex- Caster Semenya Placed On Suicide Watch. - Sarah Graham: My intersex experience (2009): In an open letter to the South African athlete, Sarah Graham, who was born intersex, offers advice and encouragement for the years to come. - Yin/Yang: An Intersexed South African Runner As Symbol Of The Universal (2009). - Intersex and the Law (South Africa, 2009):  Intersex has become the focus of public interest because of the media storm around the questioning of Caster Semenya's sex. Our exemplary post-apartheid Constitution of 1996, with its Bill of Rights and Equality Clause, seemed at first glance to afford intersexed South Africans unassailable legal protection. But my experience as an intersexed person showed me that this was not so. The law has been bolstered since then, but awareness of this fact is needed to afford protection to intersexed people in practice... - Intersex's simple twist of life (2008).

iNTERSExION (Documentary Website, Documentary Trailer): The first question any new parent asks… “Is it a boy or a girl?” But what happens when doctors cannot answer that question? 1 baby in 2,000 is born with genitalia that is so ambiguous that noone can tell if the child is male or female. “I was amazed to discover just how common intersex conditions are in the world”, the documentary director Grant Lahood says. “Yet it was something I, probably like a lot of people, assumed was incredibly rare. Why is it that none of us know any of the 1 in 2,000 people who might be intersex?” The award winning filmmaker came to the subject through Mani Bruce Mitchell – New Zealand’s first “out” intersex person. Mitchell is a common sight in Wellington with he/r small goatee beard, which she describes proudly as “my moko”. Together Lahood and Mitchell set out to make a film that would de-mystify a variety of conditions that used to be broadly called “hermaphroditism”. “Intersexion” looks beyond the shame and secrecy that defines many intersex births, and explores how intersex people “with their very different bodies” navigate their way through childhood, adolescence, relationships and adulthood, when they don’t fit the binary model of a solely male and female world... Most of the people who feature in this documentary had medical interventions to “fix” their so called problems (always by well meaning doctors and parents) – but some escaped the surgeries to repair and “normalize” their genitals and continue to live as Nature made them... “Intersexion” is a heart-warming story of a group of people society has never heard about. With a mix of laughter and tears they tell their stories in the most frank and revealing terms. “Because this is something no-one ever talks about,” director Grant Lahood explains. “Every new parent of an intersex child is faced with a situation which they believe is a rare medical emergency. As one of our interviewees says: ‘intersex isn’t uncommon, it’s just unheard of’.” Wellington therapist Mani Mitchell agrees. Because of he/r position as a visible intersex person working with families she comes across many parents who struggle to understand what’s best for their newly born intersex child. “I hope this documentary will show everyone that the ‘shame and secrecy’ model hasn’t worked – and that intersex children can grow up to make informed choices about their own bodies.

Intersex Athletes and the IOC (2010). - The science and management of sex verification in sport (2009). - Intersex Conditions: Time to Reappraise How We Treat People With Intersex (2009). - Postgendered athletes in sports: Should intersexed persons be allowed to compete? (2009). - Intersex and Sports: Back to the Same Old Game (2010). - Gender Testing for Athletes Remains a Tough Call (2012).

Klinefelter's Syndrome - From this Webpage: Recommended book on Klinefelter's Syndrome: The KS Story - You are not alone. - An account of Klinefelter's Syndrome by Iain W. McKinlay (47,XXY), with a foreword by Professor Milton Diamond Ph.D. There are two documents which you can download for free: the book itself (PDF file, 8MB) and an introduction by the author (PDF file, 67KB).   

Review (2009): We're all intersex: The author of "Between XX and XY" on people born neither male nor female -- and why everyone's a little bit of both. - The Social Construction of Sex: Intersex as Evidence (2009). - Intersex: The space between the genders: The West defines gender in two distinct categories. But gender may be a spectrum. Why does society, and even science, struggle to understand and accept those who are somewhere between male and female? - The High Cost of “Normal”: Children’s Height, Intersex, and Other Pressures. - Are you intersexed? There is a reason why genitals are euphemistically referred to as 'private parts'. Most of us would like to keep it that way. And I suspect that an 18-year-old woman, who has only just discovered that she might not be quite as 'female' as she thought, tops that list. Unfortunately for Caster Semenya, the world has become obsessed with her gender and, by extension, her genitals. However the two are not as neatly packaged together as most of us would like to believe. In fact, the binary notion of gender - male and female - is something of a human construct... - What’s the big deal about gender? – Female Identity as Intersex (2010): A U.N. report by Finnish international law professor and United Nations Special Rapporteur, Martin Scheinin, says, “gender is not synonymous with women, and, instead, encompasses the social constructions that underlie how women’s and men’s roles, functions and responsibilities, including in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity, are understood.” The report stresses “gender is not static; it is changeable over time and across contexts.” - New UN Report Pushes Gender as a Social Construct not Based in Nature (2009). - IWF in the News: UN Report Says 'Gender Is Not Static, It Is Changeable'. -  The Report: Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism.

Introduction to Intersexuality & Intersex Activism: A Starting Point for Feminist, Queer & Trans Activists. - Born Queer? Intersex People Resist Medicalization. (Article Listing) - Basic Information on Intersex Newborns. - Syndromes of Abnormal Sex Differentiation: A guide for patients and their families (Johns Hopkins Children's Center). - Intersexuality. - Intersex and Gender Identity: A personal viewpoint. - HWA Protests Intersex Genital Mutilation. - Sexual scientists question medical treatment of hermaphroditism. - A discourse around issues of the intersexed with reference to Suzanne Kessler's Lessons from the intersexed (PDF Download) (PDF Download). - How common is intersex? a response to Anne Fausto-Sterling. - Transgender & Intersex? - Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, What? - Opening up about intersex (2009). - Are you a boy or a girl? Foucault and the intersex movement (2009). - Thinking with the Phallus (2004): Iain Morland exposes the psychoanalytic roots of modern surgical management of intersexuality. - Protecting the civil rights of children born with variations of sex anatomy.

Monsters in the Closet: Biopolitics and Intersexuality (HTML) (PDF Download): In this paper, I focus predominantly on western treatments of the hermaphrodite (intersexual, in contemporary terms) and its relationship to other despised groups in history to show how biopolitics—“the administration of bodies and the calculated management of life” (Foucault, 1978, p. 140)—creates and regulates populations of monsters in order to establish and sustain a particular structure in society. To extend this analysis, I will also consider scholarly work on Indian hijras (Bakshi, 2004; Patel, 1997), not in analogous terms, but as a way to put the western responses to intersexuality in a broader context. Particularly, I am interested in illustrating how the monster emerges within and in connection to a particular structure; one that is based on what Judith Butler (1990) has called the heterosexual matrix, which also includes racial and neo-liberal elements. - Intersexuality in Gaza (2009).

AIS Support Group Australia Inc: - Gender Identity Presentation. - Management of Infants with Intersex Conditions. - dAISy - The Newsletter of the AIS Support Group Australia. - IAIS Intersex Links. Press for Change: Intersex Links. - UKIA Link. - Intersex Initiative. - Intersex South Africa (ISSA). - Intersex Society of Utah. - FINE: French-speaking Intersex Network of Europe.

Intersex Australia: The home of OII Australia, Organisation Internationale des Intersexués Australia. -  Intersex and the Organisation Intersex International Australia. - Intersex News. - Australia rights body wants 'intersex' gender-report. - On a Third Sex: The creation of a new category to be designated intersex poses several problems.. - Census to recognise intersex Australians (2006). - Advance in intersex rights in India outstrips Australia (2009). - Sex not specified: Australia leads the way with legal document (2010): The NSW government in Australia has issued what is believed to be the world’s first ‘Sex Not Specified’ Recognised Details Certificate in place of a birth certificate, writes Katrina Fox. Norrie, a member of Sex and Gender Education (SAGE), a lobby group campaigning for the rights of all sex and gender diverse people has been issued with what is understood to be the world’s first ‘Sex Not Specified’ Recognised Details Certificate in place of a birth certificate.

The Intersex Roadshow: Intersex people are supposed to lie low and keep quiet. Not me. I'm not defective, I'm not disordered, I'm not ashamed. I just don't fit in your gender boxes. I'm intersex by birth and honest by choice. - ITPeople.org: Intersex and Transgender People.

The United Kingdom Intersex Association (UKIA): - Writings by Intersex people. - A Light Still Shining: ... may those who are tempted to become the gender police for society take note and follow the light to where it leads. - The Road to Hell is ... paved with good intentions? - Intersex Support Group International (ISGI): - Manifesto: Intersex Support Group International was established BY and FOR persons whose bodies were born with a physiological or genetic characteristic which has been diagnosed as Intersexual.- Apologetic. - Pediatric Ethics and the Surgical Assignment of Sex.

ISNA: (http://www.isna.org/) - The Intersex Society of North America (ISNA) is an education, advocacy, and peer support organization which works to create a world free of shame, secrecy, and unwanted surgery for intersex people (individuals born with anatomy or physiology which differs from cultural ideals of male and female). Newsletter 1994- . - Bibliographies. - Articles about Intersex Available Online. - ISNA en español. - Hermaphrodites Speak. Produced by the Intersex Society of North America, 1996 (Video Review: Journal of Sex Research, May 2001). - Sex: none of the above: a message about transsexuality. - Hemaphrodites. - Hermaphrodites with Attitude: Hermaphrodites with Attitude was the occasional newsletter of ISNA, published from December 1994 thru Spring 2003. Here are all the back issues, in pdf form. - Hermaphrodites with Attitude: The Intersex Patients’ Rights Movement and Clinical Reform (2003).

 Thea Hillman: The Inner Sanctum of Intersex: In recent years, Thea Hillman's spoken-word career (she was a multiple-time National Poetry Slam competitor, toured with Sister Spit and launched the ForWord Girls authors' festival) has taken a backseat to her other passion: intersex activism. A board member and former chair of the Intersex Society of North America, and born intersex herself, Hillman recently released her second book, Intersex: For Lack of a Better Word--part childhood memoir, part adult memoir, and part essay on intersexuality and the world--on San Francisco's estimable Manic D Press. It's both a departure (her previous book came out of her work in performance poetry) and not a departure at all: Hillman is no stranger to writing deeply confessional memoir prose, stirring controversy just by existing, and finding connections through simple truths. She spoke with Jewcy about choosing family over art, her issues with Jeffrey Eugenides, and, well, Judaism...-  What's in a name? Everything. Intersex: Why Naming Matters, Or What to Call It, by , Thea Hillman. -  Thea Hilman Discusses Being Intersex.

The Child with an Intersex Condition: Total Patient Care (20 minutes). This video tape is addressed to medical and mental health professionals, but is quite accessible to a lay audience as well. - Medical Treatment of Intersexuality: Internet resources. - How can an LGBT office serve intersexed people? Are they included under the "T"? Are there specific suggestions of speakers or printed materials we should acquire? - The self I will never know: Esther Morris, born with an intersex condition, writes about the scandal of 'corrective surgery' whereby thousands of children are mutilated without consent - Sexual & Gender Diversity (Alternate Link) - Mother Nature Strikes Back. - Dangerous Intersections: Intersex and Transgender Differences.

Bodies like Ours: By comparing the new Patient-Centered Protocol with the old Concealment-Centered Protocol, it is easier to understand how they differ. - Our Bodies: Bodies like ours are not created in one way, but rather many. - Our Psyches: Aspiring to be "normal" - Born Between the Sexes (PDF Download)  - Bodies like Ours by Alice Dreger (PDF Download) (Full Text) - Our gender: People with bodies like ours sometimes don't particularly fit well into binary, either/or categories due to our unique chemical, hormonal and physical make up. This can also be true when we try to place ourselves solely on one side of the gender scale (feminine) or the other (masculine). - Intersex Issues - An Interview with Betsy Driver: Betsy Driver is an intersex adult, who has been kind enough to share her story and her thoughts with us. She is also the co-founder of an organization called "Bodies Like Ours" that provides information and support to other intersex persons and their families...  -“Das verordnete Geschlecht” is a documentary film about sex and body politics. It shows the force of normality and the importance of accepting difference. - Hermaphrodites: Gender Transgression, or Gender Transcendence?

Intersexuality @ HealthyPlace.com: -Vocabulary. - Frequently Asked Questions. - Article Listing. - The Sex Police. (Alternate Link) -  Multi-Dimensionality of Gender. - Syndromes of Abnormal Sex Differentiation. - The Medical Management of Intersexed Children. - John / Joan. - A Single Word: Stop! - Intersexuality - A Plea for Honesty and Emotional Support. - A Native American Perspective on the Theory of Gender Continuum. - Management Of Intersexuality: Guidelines. (Alternate Link) - Introduction to: Evaluation of the Newborn With Developmental Anomalies of the External Genitalia - Policy Statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics, July 1, 2000...  This policy is a revision of the policy posted on July 1, 2000: Consensus Statement on Management of Intersex Disorders (2006). - Intersex Survivors of Domestic Violence.

The 2010 DSM-5 Issues: - "Depathologize!”:  A follow-up: I have not yet seen any reaction from DSD community or family groups about the proposed changes.  I suspect that they have been caught by surprise (as have I).  Although transgender and other groups have been following the DSM discussions very closely for many years, the widening of the primary gender-related diagnosis was not discussed by DSD groups. The issues of interest to DSD advocates usually pertain to how infants are treated, what sex they should be raised as, and whether any surgeries should be conducted in infancy or later in life, when the persons are able to make decisions for themselves.  This change to the DSM seems (to me) to have come out of nowhere.  It will be very interesting to see what the DSD communities’ responses will be, as they organize their reactions.

Welcome to the webpage of Intersex Activist and Educator, Photographer, Poet, International Performance Artist, and Columnist, Lynnell Stephani Long. Please take a moment to read my story  "A girl named Steve." My life story! As an African-American Intersex Woman, Activist and Educator... 

Welcome to the companion Web site to "Sex: Unknown," originally broadcast on October 30, 2001 (Nova Online - PBS). The film investigates the complicated world of gender identity. Here's what you'll find online:  My Life as an Intersexual - Two Sexes Are Not Enough (Excerpt from "Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality")  - The Intersex Spectrum - How Is Sex Determined? (Hot Science) - Resources. - Articles on Intersex Conditions. -

Organisation Intersex InternationalArticles: Ten Misconceptions about Intersex . - The Self is Infinitely More Than the Sum of Bodily Parts. - Why the intergender community is so important to the intersex community? 

Intersex: Sociologists for Women in Society Fact Sheet. Prepared by Maura Kelly, Department of Sociology, University of Connecticut. Spring 2007.

Shadow Report (Germany, 2008: Download Page): To the 6th National Report of the Federal Republic of Germany On the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): "On the basis of the beliefs and experiences of the authors, this shadow report is devoted to revealing the denied human rights of intersexual persons as they are standardized in the UN Convention on the Eliminate all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), and respectively, in conjunction with Article 3 CEDAW, as well as other UN human rights treaties. According to the legal point of view of by the authors of this report, CEDAW embraces the protection against discrimination, of all persons who are physically and clearly not belonging to a male gender. Only through this expansive comprehension can it be assured that this protection will be fulfilled for people who have been falsely assigned to a male or female gender. According to the views ond experiences of the authors the implementation of an effective protection of persons who have been defined as intersexual or "DSD" (Disorder of Sexual Development) is not given through medical science...

Papers: - Please Write 'E' in this Box - Toward Self-Identification and Recognition of a Third Gender: Approaches in the United States and India (2010?). - Surgery on intersex infants and human rights (2009). - Intersexual Genital Mutilation In North America & Europe (2009). - Intersex individuals' religiosity and their journey to wellbeing (2009). - Quantum Sex: Intersex and the Molecular Deconstruction of Sex (2009). - Disorders of Sex Development: Improving Care for Affected Persons and Their Families (2008). - Intersex mental health and social support options in pediatric endocrinology training programs (2008). - Intersex and Intrasex Debates: Building Alliances to Challenge Sex Discrimination (2006). - The Ethics of Surgically Assigning Sex for Intersex Infant (2006). - International Legal Developments Protecting the Autonomy Rights of Sexual Minorities: Who Should Decide the Appropriate Treatment for an Intersex Child? (2006). - Changing the nomenclature/taxonomy for intersex: a scientific and clinical rationale (2005). - Who Will Make Room for the Intersexed? (2004). - Medical photography: ethics, consent and the intersex patient (2002). - Management of Children with Intersex Conditions: Psychological and Methodological Perspectives (2003). - Rhetoric of the Medical Management of Intersexed Children: New insights into "Disease", "Curing", "Illness" and "Healing" (2003).  - Engendering Differences: Ethical Issues about Intersex (2001). Sex Reassignment at Birth: A Long Term Review and Clinical Implications (Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 1997).

Alice D. Dreger: Major Academic Articles. - Progress and Politics in the Intersex Rights Movement: Feminist Theory in Action (2009). - Gender Identity Disorder in Childhood: Inconclusive Advice to Parents (2009). + more. - Alice Dreger was chosen as an Utne Reader visionary in 2011. Each year Utne Reader puts forward its selection of world visionaries—people who don’t just concoct great ideas but also act on them (2011).

Iain Morland: 2009 Papers / Chapters: Why Five Sexes Are Not Enough. - Between Critique and Reform: Ways of Reading the Intersex Controversy. - What Can Queer Theory Do for Intersex? - Intimate Violations: Intersex and the Ethics of Bodily Integrity. - Plastic Man: Intersex, Humanism and the Reimer Case. - Iain Morland: 2009 Papers / Chapters: Between Critique and Reform: Ways of Reading the Intersex Controversy. - Impersonal Intersex: Genital Surgery in the Public Sphere.

New Zealand Intersex - Intersexion - Television Documentary (2011): Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5.

Google Directory: Intersexed. - Open Director:  Intersexed & Gender Assignment. - YouTube: intersex OR intersexed OR “disorders of sex development” - Intersex Bibliograpgy. - Advocates for Informed Choice: Bibliography. - Zines by Intersex Initiative. - Bibliography of articles accessible online 1994-2006.


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Transphobia

Transphobia. - Transphobia result of hatred, intolerance. - Trans Accessibility Project: Transphobia And Discrimination. - How the Gay Community Is Complicit in Trans Violence  (2009).  - Morning Show’s Transphobic Remarks Should Spark Outrage from the LGBT Community (2010). - Every 3rd day the murder of a trans person is reported. Preliminary results of a new Trans Murder Monitoring Project show more than 200 reported cases of murdered trans people from January 2008 to June 2009 (PDF Download). - Egale Canada’s (2009) school climate survey revealed... The Challenges Faced  by Trans Students. - Questioning Transphobia: Trans youth and schools. - Tackling Transphobia: Student effort underway for trans inclusion in nightlife (2009). - A Truly Stupid Example of Transphobia (2009). - Transphobic Taco Bell Ads Still Running (2010). - Taco Bell: Transphobic? - Tell Apple Computers to Pull Transphobic Ad (2009). - Lu's Pharmacy May Have Dropped Their Transphobic Policy (2010): Vancouver, BC has had a long, disgusting history of transphobia running rampant in women's organizations as the Kimberly Nixon case dramatically demonstrated. - Transsexual activist leaves gay and lesbian support group (2012, Alternate Link): Jennifer McCreath helped lead a group to fight discrimination - but now, she feels that group is discriminating against her. McCreath says that, as one of the few transsexual people in St. John's, life is difficult. Some 18 months ago she helped incorporate St. John's Pride — a support group for the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transsexual community. But McCreath says she doesn't feel the group is comfortable dealing with transsexual issues. So she's resigning. "A lot of people there could not relate to me and I felt it was in the best interests of the organization that I step away from it,” McCreath said. McCreath says the group has helped raise awareness about lesbian, gay and bisexual issues, but she says transsexuals still have a long way to go.

Julie Bindel's dangerous transphobia (2010). - Transphobia in Police Work (2010). - Turkish Activists Demand Action on Transphobic Hate Crimes (2010). - Transphobia, a price worth paying for Gender Identity Disorder? (2007). - Is Seventeen teaching transphobia? LGBT activists are up in arms about the magazine's story, "My boyfriend turned out to be a girl" (2009). - Transphobia on TV (2009): We counted in all, 22 transphobic and 4 homomphobic comments in the space of 26 minutes – one every minute. - There’s Something About Transphobia (2007): I'm continually amazed at the hatred and bigotry shown by the Fox Broadcasting Network. Their fall lineup includes the inherently transphobic series, "There’s Something About Miriam." ... - Wait, Gender Isn't Set in Stone?! Exploring Transphobia. - Varieties of Transgender/Transsexual Lives and Their Relationship with Transphobia (2009).

Stop Transphobia: dedicated to helping end fear, hatred, discrimination and violence against transgendered and transsexual individuals. - Challenging Transphobia in Autralian Education- Transphobia should be fought on all fronts, even at home (2007). -  Back into the Future: Transphobia Is My Issue Too - by Warren J. Blumenfeld (2007). - GLAA testifies on OHR, addresses transphobia at fire/police depts (2006). - The development and validation of the Genderism and Transphobia Scale (2005). - Queen’s unveils first gender variance poster campaign (2003). - Transgendered Children in Schools (2008): a critical review of Homophobic Bullying: safe to learn – embedding anti-bullying work in schools. - Guidance on Combating Transphobic Bullying in Schools. - Transphobic Bullying in Schools. - Lonely road: Why school is hell for transgender pupils. - School pupils to learn about transphobic bullying (2009). 

Kidd JD, Witten YM (2008). Transgender and Transsexual Identities: The Next Strange Fruit — Hate Crimes, Violence and Genocide Against the Global Trans-Communities. PDF Download. Abstract: In this paper, we review the literature on global transgender hate crimes, violence, and abuse. We point out that it is possible to infer that this problem is not localized to the United States but rather, represents a global pandemic of focused prejudice. We point out that it can be viewed not only as an extremely serious and immediate public health problem, but also as genocide against a consistently invisibilized minority population. We provide concrete examples from the researchers’ field studies as well as from the published literature.

Transphobia, The New York City Experiences: Campaign Background: Since 2005, Trans and Gender Non-Conforming (TGNC) communities in New York City have been urging the Human Resources Administration (HRA) to address the rampant Transphobia, discrimination, and harassment that Trans and Gender Non-Conforming people in New York City face when seeking to access welfare/public assistance. In June of 2008, a week before the Fourth Annual Trans Day of Action (annual March organized by TransJustice of the Audre Lorde Project) which was set to protest at HRA headquarters, HRA officials agreed to meet with TransJustice to hear community concerns.  After this first meeting with HRA in the Fall of 2008, TransJustice formed a committee of organizations including the Sylvia Rivera Law Project, Housing Works, Queers for Economic Justice and others, to develop a  HRA procedure to address transphobic discrimination at HRA. To date HRA has not approved this new procedure. In 2005 the New York City Human Resources Administration and a Citizen Advisory Transgender Sub Committee developed Best Practice Protocols for Working With and Serving Trans and Gender Non Conforming Employees and Clients (the new procedure is based on this document), these protocols sat on the shelf for years and were never implemented nor adopted by HRA.  This cannot happen again.

Transphobia in Russia. - Challenging Transphobia within the NHS and LGB communities in Scotland. - Working with transgender people is an important part of the work of LGBT Youth Scotland N/A. - The Trials and Travails of Transness: Trans-Misogyny (2009).

The Impact of Exposure to Transphobia on HIV Risk Behavior in a Sample of Transgendered Women of Color in San Francisco. - Transphobia in film: selected quotations. - Order your 'Trans Clients Speak' DVD today!: This is your chance to hear from Transgender and Genderqueer people about their range of experiences with therapists: helpful, insulting, insensitive, uplifting, pathologizing, plaguing, empowering, and healing.

Gay = Queer? Not anymore: "Last week the Link published its annual special issue focusing on Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual and Queer issues. Trans content (relating to transvestites, transexuals and transgendered persons) was something decidedly missing from the issue. And that's not something unique to the Link's coverage of the situation. Gay culture has come to be, in Montreal anyway, bordering on kitsch. While there are episodes of discrimination, there is a visible gay community complete with festivals and businesses focused purely on gay interests. This has melded into the community at large. Couples walk down the streets holding hands, live openly, and legal recognition of their unions is in reach. Their Trans cohorts, however, have been left quietly behind. Many times one can pick up a zine on what is supposed to be GLBQT issues and will find there is no Trans content whatsoever. Sadly, there is prejudice and discrimination even within the community. At times, "straight" gays and lesbians avoid a person or pretend they are not even there." - The Rebellion is Not Over: Transgender Activism 35 years After Stonewall.

Transgender Activism After Falls City: "The demonstrators were moved by their rage at the indifference of mainstream society to the killing of transgender people, and by the fear that it could have been any of them. As one demonstrator, Kate Bornstein, the transsexual playwright and performance artist, put it: "Everyone who fucks with gender has some kind of brush with this kind of violence.  Everyone's got their war stories."... Transgender people still live, in large part, in that twilight world.  Although we were among the first to fight back, at Stonewall and even before, most of the hard-won legal protections for gays and lesbians do not apply to us. We are the "freaks du jour" on exploitive talk shows like Jerry Springer's.  We're thought of as an embarrassment by "mainstream" gay groups and leaders; in some other LGBT groups, we're included on a token basis but ignored in practice.  How did we get left behind?

Maskulinity and The Dress: This paper looks at the question, 'Why can't men wear dresses?'  - A Jungian Analysis of TG Identity Development and Internalized Transphobia. - Transgender Inclusion In The "Queer" Community. - Separatism or Inclusion? Stonewall & Us. - Transgender debate: against exclusion. - Do We Have to Include Transgendered Persons? - Divided we Fall. - MWMF Trans-inclusion Petition: N/A WE, THE UNDERSIGNED call for a peaceful re-evaluation of the Michigan Womyn's Music Festival's "Womyn-Born-Womyn" policy (hereafter referred to as "the policy"), with the ultimate goal of including all SELF-IDENTIFIED women.

Transphobia In the Gay Community, Part 1 (2009). - Transphobia In the Gay Community, Part 2 (2009).  - Transphobia: Imagine wanting to be someone else, and never being happy until you become that person. For trans people this feeling dominates their lives day after day, and it doesn't help when members of an accepting community -the gay community turn their backs on trans people... - Queerty Transphobia, Racism and White Gay Male Privilege On Display (2009). - Divided We Fall: Addressing Transphobia in the DC Queer Community (2009). - Gay organisations join forces in Ireland to make Homophobia and Transphobia History (2009). - Hate 101: Gay and Lesbian Transphobia – Historical (2010). - Transphobia in the LGB (YouTube). - Protest against ‘transphobic’ Stonewall Awards (2008).

Lesbian Transphobia.  - Transphobia in Feminism’s Clothing. - Radical Feminism and the Transgendered, or, how to write a post that will infuriate everyone. - Camp Trans Confronts Transphobia at Michigan Women's Music Festival. - Michigan Womyn's Music Festival: Lesbian And Feminist Musical Artists Supporting Segregation (2010). - Transphobia and Feminists for Animal Rights (2008). - A classic example of transphobia in older-generation gay men. - Transphobia: This weekend’s Sunday Styles section of the New York Times has a story by Paul Vitello about lesbians who decide to become men—or decide they always were men, to be transgenderly correct. - Six Cases of Transphobia within Academia and Why HBIGDA Should Change its Name. - The lesbian community and FTMs: détente in the butch/FTM borderlands (2007). - Bending Over Backwards: Traditional Sexism and Trans-Woman-Exclusion Policies (2007). - Related: Excluding Trans Women From Women Only Spaces: What This Policy Renders Invisible (Including White Racism).

On the Outside Looking In - 2005 - by Julia Cerano: a 36 page chapbook containing 4 essays and 1 letter providing a trans woman's perspective on feminism and the exclusion of trans women from lesbian and women-only spaces. See excerpts.

Trying to Keep the Boats Together. (A Common Ground Column): "...Both women agree on one point: be they self-mutilating transsexual or faddish young transgenderist, "trans" not only don't belong in the Gay movement, they actually threaten it... It's hard to imagine what either woman would make of my family, which is, of course, the point. The Gay community is righteously furious when leaders from the religious right repeatedly equate homosexuality with pedophilia and argue that our attempts to legalize same-sex marriage are really attempts to destroy their families... One reason is that many of us belong in both boats. Because sexual orientation is generally stable through gender transition, virtually every transsexual belongs to the Gay community (at least by default) either before or after transition. Similarly, many Gays -- drag queens and kings, stone butches, androgynous Lesbians, queer faeries, and deMotier's gender-bending young former Act Uppers -- could fit as well in the trans boat as the Gay one. Asking any of us to silence or leave at home one part of ourselves -- or, in cases like mine, our partners -- is, quite simply, immoral. We also need to recognize that our youth are indistinguishable..." -  This Gender Becomes You: Speaking with Trans Playwright Kate Bornstein: “Even if you win your revolution, I’m still an outlaw.” Kat is a transsexual lesbian, and her foray into political activism has begun to feel like a primer in exclusion and invisibility. She is shut out of pro-choice marches, told that “Keep your laws off our bodies” doesn’t refer to transsexuals. And she feels alienated at gay-rights rallies that steadfastly refuse to acknowledge her own existence. She is a queer among queers. - LGB....T?: sinking or swimming together (2009).

GL vs. BT: The Archaeology of Biphobia and Transphobia Within the U.S. Gay and Lesbian Community by  Jillian Todd Weiss,  From the Journal of Bisexuality (2004) 3, 25-55. - Transphobia, Pride & the Police... Open Letter to London Pride 2008 organisers et al. - Transphobia from within the LGBT community (2009). - Racism, Congressional Hearings, and GLBT Politics: Stop Excluding African Americans (2009).

Rewriting the Written: FTM Self-Making and the Performance of Possibilities in Sean Dorsey’s Uncovered: The Diary Project (2009): Even at LGBT community centers, gender-variant and trans people often report having experienced harassment when using restrooms that correspond to their selfproclaimed gender. For them, the letter “T” in the LGBT acronym by no means guarantees that their identities and desires are respectfully acknowledged both within and outside the queer community...

Gender Supremacy (2010): While a lot of consciousness raising activism for the well being of the LGB community exist in the West similar actions for transsexuals and intersex people is sorely lacking. Personally, I have observed the lack of activism in these groups first hand. The fact that certain activists literally thrive on ignoring transsexual or intersex issues is alarming given what activist in the LGB have been through in the past. Yes, LGBT groups do insist on including the “t” and “i” as attachments and their functionality seems to end there...

Hate 101: Gay and Lesbian Transphobia – Introduction (2010): But the oppression goes much further than that seen with other groups. Social isolation is complete at nearly every level. Verbal and physical attacks are commonplace, and largely socially acceptable. Unemployment and homelessness is so pervasive, it effects 90% of all transitioning transgender persons. And, when a transgender person is murder, it is usually a long, drawn-out process that often involves torture over a period of hours. While it is rare for gays and lesbians to perpetrate violent acts against transgender persons, it is fairly common for them to engage in the socio-economic and political isolation of transgender persons. While not as bad as it once was a few decades ago, the oppression continues to this day.

You Aren’t Like Me, Susan Stanton: One of the many rumors flying around the transgender blogosphere is that the next Human Rights Campaign (HRC) golden (or token, if you like) transgender person is Susan Stanton. If true, it’s an sign of just how desperate the HRC is to “Win Back” the transgender community...

Hypocrisy of anti-trans “feminism” at National Women’s Studies Association (2007). - Archive for the ‘radical feminist transphobia’ Category. - True Spirit Conference: Facing Lesbian and Feminist Transphobia (1999). - Trans Accessibility Project: Transphobia In The Women's Movement (1998). - Julie Bindel and the Trans vs. Feminism Tug-of War (2008). - Feminist Perspectives on Trans Issues (2009). - Challenging Feminist Transphobia (2008). - Germaine Greer: still glowin’, still crowin’, still transphobic as hell (2009). - Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary: Transphobia in the feminist movement.

The Biotic Woman: Talking About Transphobia and Ecofeminism With Ida Hammer: A number of ecofeminist writers have written in deeply offensive, often terribly misguided, ways about trans people and have done a lot of damage to the movement’s credibility as open, accepting, and working for the liberation of all people. Why do you think transphobia persists and continues to come up again and again in ecofeminist rhetoric and activism? - In order to understand why transphobia and cissexism persist and are continually perpetuated throughout feminist communities, particularly the vegetarian-ecofeminist community, it is important to consider the origins of anti-trans advocacy as a conscious project of prominent, elite White feminists in the 1970s. In the late sixties and early seventies, trans people were very active in the women's and queer liberation movements... So it's important to keep in mind that trans women, and trans people more generally, were an integral part of the early women's liberation movement. But in the mid- to late-seventies, there was a transphobic backlash within feminism to systematically remove and exclude trans people, explicitly transsexual women, from the women's and queer movements...

SexPanic! slams Jim Fouratt's transphobia. - How To Combat Transphobia: Intellectual Ammunition from the Lesbian Avengers/San Francisco. - Youth Trans-Action: Transgendered teens are taking control of their issues and demanding respect in school N/A (The Advocate). - David Steinberg: Embracing the Transsexual Menace. - Queering Gender: Trans Liberation and Our Lesbigay Movements (Trikone Magazine. July issue. 14(3): 6-8 & 18). - Transphobia Among Transgenders of Color.

Teaching Transgender: Talking about the Silent “T” (2006): Being supportive of LGBT students has recently become a hot topic for teachers.  Gay-Straight Alliances have been springing up in schools around the state. But what does the silent “T” at the end of the acronym mean? How can teachers help the transgender and gender variant students who get left out of the picture? Join other area high school teachers for a workshop on how to best serve transgender youth. - More than Adding a T: American Lesbian and Gay Activists' Attitudes towards Transgender Inclusion.

Devor AH, Matte N (2004). ONE Inc. and Reed Erickson: the uneasy collaboration of gay and trans activism. GLQ: A Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies, 10(2): 179-209. PDF Download. - How did the T get in LGBT? The 30-year fight for a federal gay civil rights law may fail because activists insist on including rights for transgendered people too. Has gay inclusiveness gone too far too fast?  Related Information from Wikipedia: LGBT. - More than Adding a T: American Lesbian and Gay Activists' Attitudes towards Transgender Inclusion (2009).

Transphobia: Impact on HIV & Health Care (PPY Presentation, 2007). - Our Bodies and Lives: Transphobic Trauma, Transsexual Healing (2009). - Reject Transphobia, Respect Gender Identity: An Appeal to the United Nations, the World Health Organisation and the States of the World (2009). - Anti-transsexual discrimination in Kenyan medical services (2009). - Effects of Transphobia on Transgender Communities: What’s Really Going On and What Do We Do About It? (2008. PPT Presentation). - Understanding Transphobia: Authenticity and Sexual Abuse (2006).

Trans-phobia and the Relational Production of Gender (2007): Knowing one's place in the social order, whether that place is one of relative privilege or not serves two psychologically ameliorative functions. It relieves one from the “anxiety of [gender] identity interrogation” and it helps to inform one as to the socially agreed upon, acceptable conduct for interpersonal exchanges - the episteme of social interaction. This Paper will demonstrate that gender identity is produced through relational, contextually influenced, interpretative processes. Because gender is constructed in societies which strongly embrace static, binary conceptions of gender, and in which social, familial, occupational, and sexual interactions are heavily influenced by gendered social scripts, gender expressions which are ambiguous, or which have changed since a prior interaction, or which are strongly incongruent with normative understandings of the correlation between gender and biology, are typically experienced by others as at least uncomfortable, and often actually disruptive. The dominant social response to disruption is an ultimately futile effort to reinforce a gender binary. The law is frequently invoked in aid of this re-inscription of gender. In this Paper I argue that the disruption is produced by the binary model itself, and I propose legal strategies which will assist in a re-conceptualization of gender...  Transphobia by Dr Surya Monro (2005).

By David C. Barnett, Ph.D. - Goals for this exercise:1) To provide participants a chance to explore their reactions to situations where gender is unclear.  2) To examine how assumptions about gender may interfere with one's ability to listen accurately. 3) To increase participants use of gender-free language when discussing issues.

Meyer, Elizabeth J (2008). A Feminist Reframing of Bullying and Harassment: Transforming Schools through Critical Pedagogy. McGill Journal of Education, 43(1): 33-48: What is Gendered harassment? Gendered harassment is a term used to describe any behaviour that acts to assert the boundaries of traditional gender norms: heterosexual masculinity and femininity. It is related to, but different from, bullying. Bullying is defined as behaviour that repeatedly and over time intentionally inflicts injury on another individual (Olweus, 1993), whereas harassment includes biased behaviours that have a negative impact on the target or the environment (Land, 2003). Forms of gendered harassment include (hetero)sexual harassment, homophobic harassment, and harassment for gender non-conformity (or transphobic harassment). I link these three forms of harassment because the impact of the harassers’ behaviour is linked to norm-setting and policing the performance of traditional (heterosexual) gender roles (Larkin, 1994; Martino, 1995; Martino & Pallotta-Chiarolli, 2003; Renold, 2002; Smith & Smith, 1998; Stein, 1995).

See the section on Sissyphobia / Transphobia / Effeminaphobia in Community Attributes & Problems. - "Brain says you're a girl, but I think you're a sissy boy: cultural origins of transphobia" by J Norton, Journal-of-Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Identity, 2(2): 139-164, 1997. - Transpeople, transphobia and mental illness: a call for the de-pathologisation of transgenderism. - “Disordered” No More: Challenging Transphobia in Psychology, Academia and Society (2009).

Speak Up Now!: National Queer and Transgender Vision Statement on Immigration Reform (2008).

Transphobia Videos. - Stop Transphobia on Facebook. - Stop Transphobia. -  Words That are Transphobic and Why.


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

"Of Color" North American Issues


Trans Woman of Color Erasure & Objectification (2008): I make this long, long list not because it’s exhaustive (it’s not, please comment if I forgot you), but in order to make it painfully obvious that there are lots and lots of trans women of color speaking, saying and doing important shit. And if you’re white and that’s what you think of when you hear “trans woman of color” (etc), I’ll eat my shoes. My hat, too. Hell, if you could name 5 accomplishments by trans women of color I’ll be impressed. But not because they aren’t accomplishing them. Because they’re not being reported. Media visibility for trans women of color (scanty as it is) goes to 1)objectifying portrayals of sex workers, and 2)murder/hate crime victims. The white trans community seems to have replicated this pattern... - Transgender: A walk of life. - Transgender Poet Slams Asian American Stereotypes. - Transgender, Bisexual, Lesbian and Gay Groups Invited To March In NYC Chinese New Year Parade (2010). - Why Black Transgender Role Models Are Important (2009). -Just Getting Out of Bed Is a Revolutionary Act”: The Resilience of Transgender People of Color Who Have Survived Traumatic Life Events (2011).

Whose feminism is it anyway? The Unspoken Racism of the Trans Inclusion Debate (Emi Koyama, PDF Download: Web Page from which to download file.) From the web Site: Eminism.org, the official web site for Emi Koyama, the activist/author/academic working on intersex, sex workers' rights, (queer) domestic violence, genderqueer, anti-racism, and other issues. "In the trans and feminist communities, everyone has an opinion or two about Michigan Womyn's Music Festival and its 'womyn-born-womyn' policy. But have you noticed how everybody invokes 'feminism' as the reason for their wildly varying positions? Emi takes apart the racist attitudes that are present in most sides of the controversy and urges white transsexual activists to allign themselves with women of color instead of trying to appease white women's racism."

Mia Mingus is an activist, thinker, writer and speaker.  Mia identifies as a queer physically disabled woman of color, Korean American transracial and transnational adoptee...“Intersectionality” is a Big Fancy Word for My Life - Excerpt from MBGLTACC 2010 Keynote Address: "To the queer white folks in the audience and the folks who benefit from white privilege, I would ask you: how are you connecting your fight for queer liberation to challenging white supremacy?  How are you connecting your queerness to your white privilege?  How are you listening to queer people of color in your world, supporting them and practicing solidarity?  How are you actively noticing how whiteness, racism and white supremacy play out in queer communities, student groups, organizations, and movements? Racism and white supremacy are so pervasive, that we don’t even have to be consciously or intentionally doing anything to participate in them.  It’s in the air we breathe; it’s how the machine rolls; it’s the default.  It’s backed by everything in our society...

Challenging White Supremacy (2007): “It is not fair, even if it is true, that people be given more or less power based on their appearance. It’s not right that being born black…means a shorter lifespan.  It’s not fair that low-income trans women of color face the largest burdens of combined oppression this society has to offer.” Toth muses, “Fighting for liberation doesn’t mean re-creating the same old power setup in the LGBT world, with rich white gay men at the top and poor trans women of color at the bottom. We all need to be in the struggle to turn this upside down.” - Transgendered People of Color: Like gay, lesbian, and bisexual people of color, transgendered (or gender variant) minorities also balance the challenges of being both an ethnic and a sexual minority. Below are some of the facts reported on gender variant people of color...

White, Maureen Grace (2013). Resiliency factors among transgener people of color. PhD. Dissertation. University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. PDF Download.  Much of the research on transgender individuals has been geared towards identifying risk factors including suicide, HIV, and poverty. Little to no research has been conducted on resiliency factors within the transgender community. The few research studies that have focused on transgender individuals have made little or no reference to transgender people of color. This study utilized the Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) approach to examine resiliency factors among eleven transgender people of color. The data analysis process yielded a total of eleven domains including: (1) Adverse Conditions, (2) Coping Mechanisms, (3) Support, (4) Community Resources, (5) Perceptions of the LGBT Community, (6) Intimate Relationships, (7) Mental Health Counseling, (8) Transitioning Processes, (9) Family Reactions to Gender Identity, (10) Family Systems/Beliefs, and (11) Personal Beliefs...

The noise of the street enters the house - World Women’s Day (2010): I’ve been trying to teach some of my undergraduates about the history of feminism that they don’t learn on TV. Of course, you don’t learn much on TV aside from bra-burning (which, I understand, never really happened) — which I guess doesn’t say much on one level. But on another level, there’s the fact that trans women are routinely erased from the history of the gay rights movement, too. After all, it was trans women (especially trans women of color) who led the charge at Stonewall. Why is it, then, that we say that Stonewall was a crucial moment in gay rights? It was a crucial moment in trans rights too, or rather, first. I’ve been trying to explain to people that not only is it not my job to speak for all trans people (nor is it any trans person’s), it’s also absurd to ask me to really tell you about injustices committed against trans people. After all, the murder rate for trans masculine folks is still far and away closer to the murder rate for the general population. On the other hand, trans women face numbers closer to one in twelve. While some days I spend adrift, feeling alienated from much of the world that surrounds me, I am rarely threatened. I continue to be privileged in other ways, too — I live a comfortable life, to be sure...

Flashpoint: How do White Middle-Class Crossdressers and Transsexuals relate to Transgendered People of Color? In the audience discussion, it was brought out that our diversity can paralyze us.Ethnic issues can often cloud overall transgender issues. Many White transgendered are reluctant to approach other communites, fearful of simmering resentments. - People of Color Institute N/A Part I - In the Beginning A day of reflection and community-building for people of color at the only annual national gathering of progressive lesbian, gay, bisexual, Two Spirit, transgender, intersex people of color (LGBTSTI / POC)... Racism will be eradicated if and when white people commit themselves to its end. This participatory workshop explores the ways racism impacts all our lives and helps us move from guilt to action.

Transgender Theory and Embodiment: the risk of racial marginalisation (2001): Whilst wholeheartedly supporting the efforts of transgenderists to challenge medical constructions of transsexuality, one of the purposes of this paper is to critique the way perspectives of whiteness echo, largely unacknowledged, through transgender theorising and to thus inspire more critical thinking aboutthe racialised aspects of transsexual bodies and transgendered ways of being...

Gender freedom and self expression: While state legislatures are gradually enacting laws to protect transgender and gender non-conforming people, significant economic, educational and health disparities continue to impact transgender people - especially transgender people of color... This toolkit is exploring how funders can better promote racial equity in this country. Through your work at the Transgender Law Center, what are the ways in which racial and economic inequities affect transgender and gender non-conforming people? While transgender people experience disproportionate amounts of violence, poverty and homelessness, it's very clear from TLC's day-to-day work that transgender people of color face the brunt of these issues. We see a high number of calls about employment discrimination, the vast majority of which come from transgender people of color facing both transphobia and racism at work. Transgender women of color are at a high risk of violence and police harassment, experiencing a high rate of profiling for "walking while trans." TLC also sees a large income gap among white transgender people and transgender people of color that we believe is largely tied to educational disparities. Overall, it is clear to us that our work has to focus on the issues that impact the most marginalized transgender people, which are consistently low-income and transgender people of color. We see a lot of transgender youth of color dropping out of school or being encouraged to leave school due to their gender identity, and ending up on the streets or in foster care, both of which will have a long-term impact on their economic self-sufficiency. We also see that many organizations are not set up to meet the needs of transgender people in general, but particularly low-income transgender people of color, who experience intersecting oppressions.

Transwomen of color testify to the United Nations on racism in the U.S. (2008): Bay Area Transwomen of Color Activists Travel to the U.N. in Geneva to hold the U.S. Accountable for Lack of Economic Opportunities for Transgender Women of Color. Women of Color: Response to the Periodic Report of the United States to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (2008). Prepared by: WILD for Human Rights, Justice Now, and the Transgender, Gender Variant and Intersex Justice Project.

Economic realities in the transgender community: The Race Equity Project: Under/unemployment also disproportionately affects the transgender community. Fewer than half of survey respondents were employed full-time, and three out of four earned income from more than one source. Female respondents were unemployed at twice the rate of male respondents. The overall unemployment rate was 14%, twice the statewide average during the survey period. With such progressive anti-discrimination laws and a relatively high level of education among survey respondents, how are these discouraging results possible? ... - 1st NYC Trans & Gender Non-Conforming People of Color Job & Education Fair (2005).

Police and Trans Women of Color. - Stop Law Enforcement Violence  against women and trans people of color. - End Unjust Arrests, Sentencing and Sex Offender Registration of Sex Workers (2010): We stand in solidarity with trans women and all others in New Orleans and elsewhere who are affected by these archaic, draconian anti-sex work laws! Here in DC, we face similar laws such as the Prostitution Free Zones and a “three strikes” policy that makes the third arrest for solicitation a felony offense. These policies drive rampant police profiling and the over-incarceration of many trans women, especially trans women of color.Individuals can sign the General Petition: http://www.petitiononline.com/desiree1/petition.html ). - Many Transgender Young People Turn to Prostitution to Buy Illegal Hormones: "It's very class related... When we look at who murder victims are, they're generally young low-income trans women of color and very often immigrants. If you're any of those things you are more susceptible to violence and disrespect. If you're all of those things, you probably feel like you have a bull's-eye on your back."

Tyli'a "NaNa Boo" Mack: vigil held for murdered D.C. trans woman (2009): The use of homophobic language is a strong indication of a bias-motivated crime. While trans women are not gay men, attackers often use anti-gay slurs against trans women, either during an attack or when talking about the attack later. Anti-gay language was used by the murderers of Angie Zapata and Lateisha Green and in the attack on an unidentified trans woman in Trinidad, Colorado. Trans women, and especially trans women of color, are particularly vulnerable to this type of violent attack. The Colorado Anti-Violence Program has informed me that one thing concerned citizens can do in these situations is to hold the media accountable for reporting this violence and for using correct names and pronouns in their reporting. Use of the wrong names and pronouns serves to reinforce incorrect stereotypes about trans people, as well as dishonoring and disrespecting our lives and the memories of those killed. Underreporting or failing to report on these murders and assaults diminishes the value of our lives and keeps the public from seeing the brutality and violence directed at trans people for no reason other than that we are simply living... - Remembrance into action: Honoring trans women of color (2008).

HIV Risk Behaviors Among Male-to-Female Transgender Persons of Color in San Francisco. (2004, Full Text)  - What are the HIV prevention needs of male-to-female transgender persons (MTFs)? - Incidence of human immunodeficiency virus among male-to-female transgendered persons in San Francisco (2001): "African-American race/ethnicity (adjusted relative hazard ratio [HR], 5.0; 95% CI, 1.5-16.2) and unprotected receptive anal intercourse (HR, 3.9; 95% CI, 1.2-13.1) were independent predictors of HIV seroconversion." -  Transgender Women and HIV Prevention in New York City: A Needs Assessment (2009). -  Perceived Risks and Benefits of Sex Work among Transgender Women of Color in San Francisco (2007). - Social Stigma, Marginalization, Injection Drug Use, and HIV Risk Among MTF Transgenders [of Color]. - Transgender Latinas & HIV (2007).

Sex Workers, Fem Queens, and Cross-Dressers: Differential Marginalizations and HIV Vulnerabilities Among Three Ethnocultural Male-to-Female Transgender Communities in New York City (2007): This article describes 3 distinct ethnocultural male-to-female transgender communities in New York City: the low-income African American/Black and Latina(o) House Ball community; low-income, often undocumented immigrant Asian sex workers; and middle-class White cross-dressers. .These communities are highly socially isolated from each other and are more connected to their ethnocultural contexts than to an abstract and shared transgender identity... With regard to HIV vulnerabilities, violence, and rape, House Ball community members seemed to engage in the riskiest form of survival sex work, whereas Asian sex workers seemed to engage in moderate-risk survival sex work. White cross-dressers seemed to engage in very low-risk recreational sex work...

TransPowerment Program:gives trans-women of color a forum to voice their opinions, express their concerns and meet other women with whom they can identify. - Reinventing SISTA for Young, Transgender Women of Color: DIVAS and TITA (2007). - Assessing the Needs of Female-to-Male transgender People of Color and their Partners (2004).

African-American: - An African-American transwoman shares her thoughts about being Black and transgender: There are a lot of talented African-American transgender people like myself who are poised and ready to contribute our education and talents to uplift our race. The question I put forth to my fellow African-Americans and others is will you open your minds and hearts, embrace your brothers and sisters and allow us the opportunity to do so? - Letter To My African-American Transgender Elders (2007): By going stealth, I feel that my history as an African-American transperson has been hidden from me. I know HIV/AIDS took some of you away from us, but why didn't y'all do a better job of passing that history down to my generation? Where were y'all when I needed multiple transgender role models that share my cultural background to look up to back in the 70's? Why weren't more of you visionary enough like Justina Williams for example to build organizations on a local and eventually national scale that passed that knowledge down and build a networked national community at the same time? I know y'all had the skills to do so. You proved it time and time again during the Civil Rights era. Why did some of y'all hate us younger transpeeps so much that when we humbly asked you for the information as to the how to's of Transition 101 and longed to be mentored by you the response was stony silence, derisive laughter or derogatory self-esteem deflating comments?..

African-American Transgender History-50's Style (2009). - African-American Transgender Information. - African American Transexual in the White House (2010): It seems America is moving alot closer to accepting the LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered and Queer) community. Back in November, Helena Bushong, a Transgender Activist from Illinois Gender Advocates, became the first African American transgendered woman in the White House and the second Transexual ever. The Chicago-based transgender advocate, joined HIV experts in December as the first transgender representative to attend a White House National Strategy Meeting back... - African-American Mother Shares Story about Transgender Daughter with The Grio (2009): During the training, Spikes shared that she felt compelled to be part of this group because she wanted for her transgender daughter Michelle to have the opportunity to be legally married one day. She also talked about the pain her family endured when Michelle became the target of a near fatal hate crime in 1999 and how the attack strengthened their mother-daughter relationship. - African-American Transgender Youth (2009).

Investigation of the High HIV Prevalence in the Transgender African American Community in San Francisco (2002). - Investigation of the high rate of HIV prevalence in the transgender African American community in San Francisco (2002): "A recent study among the estimated 3000 transgendered people in San Francisco revealed a significantly higher HIV prevalence among the African American transgender population than other racial/ethnic transgendered groups. Sexual and drug use behavior was determined to be similar among transgendered people of all races; therefore, the higher HIV seroprevalence rate among African American transgendered people warranted further investigation of the reasons for the difference among this population. - Incidence of human immunodeficiency virus among male-to-female transgendered persons in San Francisco (2001): "African-American race/ethnicity (adjusted relative hazard ratio [HR], 5.0; 95% CI, 1.5-16.2) and unprotected receptive anal intercourse (HR, 3.9; 95% CI, 1.2-13.1) were independent predictors of HIV seroconversion."

Hispanic - Latino/a: - Lessons for the Left from the Radical Transgender Movement:  The notorious shoe which set off New York’s now famous Stonewall Riot in 1969 was slung by the legendary Sylvia Rivera, a Latina transgender woman. One year later, Rivera co-founded Street Transvestites Action Revolutionaries (STAR), which organized transwomen of color in New York until the mid-90s. Rivera was also a member of the Young Lords, a Puerto Rican revolutionary group that was part of the growing anti-imperialist movement in the US at the time. Now deceased, Rivera was an agitator and activist who pioneered gay and women’s rights issues within the Young Lords, alongside other powerful anti-imperialist women of color. She continued to be very active in the radical queer liberation movement in New York City until her death... - Transgender Sex Workers and Sexual Transmigration between Guadalajara and San Francisco (2008). - Transgender Chicana runs for Prom King in Fresno (2007). - Transgender Latinas & HIV. - Plenary III: Latino/a Transgender HIV Prevention and Care Perspectives (2009, Audio). -  Latino Men’s Sexual Behavior with Transgender Persons (2007). - Police say murder of transgender Latina teen was "provoked by her lifestyle". - New Play About Transgender Latino Premieres at Hartford Stage: Local Groups Support Award-winning Playwright to Spark Discourse (2010). - Lifetime Movie To Tell Transgender Tale (2006): A Girl Like Me: The Gwen Araujo Story.

Asian-American: - Issues of Transgendered Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (2000): Testimony submitted to the President’s Advisory Commission on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. - Health of Asian American gender-variant and transgender people (2009). - NQAPIA: a federation of LGBT Asian American, South Asian, Pacific Islander, and Southeast Asian organizations and allies. - Asian Pacific Islander Queer Women & Transgender Community. - Dignity for All: Asian American transgender activist Pauline Park considers the push for gender-neutral pronouns in the U.S. “profoundly ahistorical.” “Gender-neutral pronouns are not native to the English language,” she argues. “And—unlike in Chinese, for example—[they] feel extremely artificial to speakers of English.” Park says she’s come to understand that the historical roots of transgenderism differ in various cultures. For instance, she contends, “There was a pre-modern trans identity in virtually every Asian society, and I think it’s important for transgendered Asians to envision themselves in light of their precursors.” - Sexual Risk Behavior and Substance Use among a Sample of Asian Pacific Islander Transgendered Women (2005).

American Indian: (See Information at "Aboriginal / American Indian / First Nations Two Spirit Information Pages and Suicide Issues" & Aboriginal GBTT-s Males Are More At Risk For Suicidality Than Other Aboriginal Males & White GBT Males. - American Indian Male (Female) Suicidality: A Higher Risk For Having Attempted Suicide. - American Indian / First Nations Male/Female Youth Suicide Rates: A Higher Risk for Suicide. - Information Excerpts on Terms Such as "Two Spirit" - "Two Spirited" - "Berdache" - "Winkte" - "Nadleeh" - etc. - North American Aboriginal / American Indian / First Nations GLBT-s Internet Resources. - Aboriginal & Sexual Minority Over-Representation In Street Youth Population. - Higher Suicidality Risk For Street Youth. Highest Suicidality Risk for Sexual Minority Street Youth.

Two Spirit: Transgender, gender queer, intersex, and gender non-conforming people (TGQIGNC), much like those within the GLB populations, often feel excluded or not welcome within many spiritual communities. Our gender identities and expressions are but one part of what make us complete;  our spiritual selves are also an important component of our wholeness... -

Two Spirit Gatherings: - International Two Spirit Gathering. - Two-Spirit Gatherings (YouTube Videos). - Chrystos on Queer Native America: "Though queer Native Americans, or two-spirit people, as we call ourselves, have huge gatherings every year, we don't tend to be as cohesive as other queer communities, which is more typical of the way native people are in general. We aren't as institutionalized. A lot of what happens is based on personal relationships. I'm in the process of making a film about two-spirited women, and we'll be filming this summer out on the reservation. One of the women we'll be focusing on is called Smiley. She lived for years as a butch-identified dyke in Seattle. Hopefully, the film will make our lives more visible. You don't see native people on the 6 o'clock news, and queer native people are entirely invisible even in the gay community where, I have to tell you, I thought it would be different... We don't have access to media power. There is no national native news anchor, for instance, when there are Asian, Latino and black anchors. We don't have a history month. We do not have the ear of the American public, for specific reasons: because the original intent of the "Founding Fathers" was to eradicate native people from the earth. There was never any intention to eradicate African people, though they were treated as property, which is horrible enough. But they weren't systematically murdered because they were in the way... And having all the known queers being white is also repulsive to me. I don't think mainstream queer culture has even noticed that yet. Not too long ago they had some show on TV about lesbians, a women's program, maybe Vanessa Redgrave was in it. In the paper ad, all of them were white, all blond. That really scares me, the German Reich values." - Sacred Rights of the International Two Spirit Gathering (2009). - Making Traditional Spaces: Cultural Compromise at Two-Spirit Gatherings in Oklahoma.

Myers, Travis (2008). Two-Spirited but Not Accepted: ... "Two-Spirit males are at a higher risk for suicide than other aboriginal males and white gays. Two-Spirit youths in urban areas are more likely to become street kids with the guys more likely to become male prostitutes and rent-boys than their heterosexual counterparts and white gay counterparts. Finally, Two-Spirits have a much higher risk of abusing and becoming addicted to drugs, and sharing dirty needles. These kids are in many instances the highest risk group in all of Canada. Because the problem is so large and tangled, the solution isn’t an easy one. Empowering native youth and contributing to social institutions for Two-Spirits within the native community isn’t limited to involvement with native reserves. It’s important to remember that aboriginals in Canada also face difficulty in urban centres and institutions designed for gay youth don’t necessarily apply to Two-Spirits..." - Acceptance is crucial for two-spirit people: After more than two decades of living mostly in Vancouver, Evan Adams has returned home to his Sliammon band reserve near Powell River. A prominent gay actor who finished a medical degree and is now British Columbia’s first aboriginal-health physician adviser, Adams is settling in with his partner and their son in their own house. “It was a big homecoming,” Adams, 41, told the Georgia Straight about the warm welcome he and his family received from band members when they moved in on April 4. It was quite a different world for Adams, who, like many young Natives, had to leave his ancestral community for an urban area because he felt his sexuality wasn’t accepted by his own people. For many, acceptance is hard to come by even in the cities, where they also face discrimination because they’re aboriginal.

“River of Life, Rapids of Change”: Understanding HIV Vulnerability among Two-Spirit Youth who Migrate to Toronto by Doris O’Brien Teengs and Robb Travers (Canadian Journal of Aboriginal Community-Based HIV/AIDS Research, vol 1, 2006). PDF.

Multiracial: - Against the Current: The Fluidity of Gender and Race: Transgender and Multiracial Identities: An Analysis of Just Evelyn’s Mom, I Need to Be a Girl (2008).

Bibliography for trans people of color:  "This is all I know about. As you can see, it's not much. People have color have been whited out, and when it suits an academic career, trotted out and reinterpreted by (white) ethnographers." -  Archive for the 'trans/genderqueer' Category. - Tips and Strategies for Meeting the Needs of GLBTQ Youth of Color. - Tips and Strategies for Meeting the Needs of Transgender Youth. - NGLTF Resources


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Asian Information / Resources

Transgender Asia: "Research in transgender is mostly Western. The situation in psychology illustrates this point well. Of 235 key publications on transgender in the period 1992 to 2002 around 41% were European and 48% were North American, a total of 89% from two parts of the world that account for only 20% of its population. Only seven per cent were from Asia." - Why are there so many kathoey in Thailand? by Sam Winter. - Of transgender and sin in Asia (2005). - Male, Female and Transgender : Stereotypes and Self in Thailand, International Journal of Transgenderism, 6, 1 (2002). - Images of TG in Asia (2002 / 2010). - Transgender Asia Links. - Gender Identity Development and Transgender: Asia - Papers, Book Chapters, Web Pages (S Winter). - Sex, drugs, stigma put Thai transsexuals at HIV risk (2012).

Trangender Community (Asia): In Asia and the Pacific, the most visible men who have sex with men are often those who are transgender (male-to-female). Generally, a transgender person is someone who identifies with or expresses a gender identity that is different from the person's sex at birth. Members of the transgender community are known by many names in Asia and the Pacific including hijra and kothi in Bangladesh and India, waria, banci or bencong in Indonesia, bakla (or bayot in the Visayan language) in the Philippines, maknyah in Malaysia, mathis in Nepal, kathoey in Thailand and fa’afafine, which is one of 14 different identities in the Pacific. The transgender persons attending the Consultation on Male Sexual Health and HIV in Asia and the Pacific, Risks and Responsibilities in 2006, from which APCOM derives its mandate, held their own separate caucus and resolved that they shall endeavour to create separate transgender networks, coalitions and community based organisations, and to seek separate funding to support such organising and activities for HIV prevention. Agreement for this community organising was endorsed by the delegates at Risks and Responsibilities... - World's First Asia Pacific Transgender Network Launched to Champion Health and Rights of Transgender Women in the Region (2009): Diverse groups from warias, kathoeys and hijras to be represented.  -- Trans Talk: World’s First Asia Pacific Transgender Network Launched to Champion Health and Rights of Transgender Women in the Region.

Transgender Health Handbook for transwomen in Asia (PDF, 6 Megs). - Thirteen general propositions about TG in Asia (2002).-  An Overview of TG in Asia. - They swing between both sexes: hijras as "asexual others". - Sex-Gender Diversity: a cross-cultural perspective. - Language and identity in transgender: gender wars and the case of the Thai kathoey (2003). - Playing back the nation: waria, Indonesian transvestites.

No room for transgender people in HIV funding (2007): In Asia, as in many parts of the world, men who have sex with men often hide their sexual preferences for fear of being harassed by police, ostracised by their families or discriminated against by their communities. But transgender people, who do not identify with the sexuality they were born with - known as "warias" in Indonesia and "hijimas" in parts of India - are less likely to hide their sexual orientation, and face even higher levels of stigma and discrimination than men who have sex with men (MSM). The result, according to presenters at a special session on transgenderism at the 8th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (ICAAP), in Colombo, Sri Lanka, this week, is to push them further underground, making them extremely hard to reach with HIV prevention, care and treatment. They often suffer from depression as a result of rejection by family and friends, which can lead to substance abuse and other risk-taking behaviours, making them particularly vulnerable to HIV infection... - The Hidden HIV Epidemic: Transgender Women in Latin America and Asia: Compilation of epidemiological data (2008).

Transgender in Thailand web site (Archive). - The Politics of Re-Presentation: An analysis of Western academic treatments of Thai transgenderism. - Matzner, A. (undated) In the beginning: northern Thai creation mythology. - The Politics of Re-Presentation: An Analysis of Western Academic Treatments of Male Transgenderism in Thailand. - Transgenderism and Northern Thai Spirit Mediumship. - In Legal Limbo: Thailand, Transgendered Men, and the Law. - Peter A Jackson: History of the Thai Sex/Gender SystemN/A [Performative Genders, Perverse Desires:
A Bio-History of Thailand's Same-Sex and Transgender Cultures
]. - The Persistence of Gender: From Ancient Indian Pandakas to Modern Thai Gay-Quings. - Kathoey (Wikipedia).

Nong Toom: Kathoey Kickboxer: "The idea of a "lady boy" beating the crap out of some bruiser appealed to the general public's appetite for incongruity, and Nong Tum quickly became a hot media item. Unlike the katoey volleyball players who had been denied spots on the national team because government officials feared what the rest of the world would think, Nong Tum appeared to be embraced by the Muay Thai establishment." - Thailand to turn out transsexual boxer film. - Katoeys - "Lady Boys": A Big Difference Between a Transsexual and a Transvestite. - Thai school offers transsexual toilet (2008). - Thailand: The Tale of the Pink Toilet - Transgender Rights in Thailand (2008). - The pageantry of the "Third Gender" (2009). - Network of Transgender Women of Thailand Calls For End To Transphobic Education Uniform Regulations (2009): The Network of Transgender Women of Thailand has urged the Education Ministry and universities to cancel regulations forcing transgender persons to wear male uniforms to classrooms, exams and graduation ceremonies. - Transgender Rights in Asia (2009).

Sinnott M (2002). Gay vs. ‘Kathoey’: Homosexual Identities in Thailand. IIAS Newsletter, 29, November. PDF Download. Download Page. ‘Homosexuality’ (rak-ruampheet) is a mid-twentieth-century addition to the Thai vocabulary but islargely understood as existing within this model of gender inversion represented by the kathoey (Jackson 1997). Therefore, homosexuals are commonly understood to be emotional kathoey, such as men who feel they are women, or women who feel they are men. In the past three decades, some homosexual Thai men have formed a personal identity that distances itself from the transgendered kathoey. These men use the English term ‘gay’ as a positive self-referent in which they position themselves as extensions of a transnational gay identity. However, even within this gay identity are referents to gendered positions. While these distinctions may not be obvious to the general Thai population, gay men often mark themselves as masculine or feminine in terms of sexual roles, appearance, and mannerisms (Jackson 1995)...

Winter S (2003). Language and Identity in Transgender: gender wars and the case of the Thai kathoey. PDF Download. In this paper I will examine the conflict as reflected in four areas ( a ) the overall emphasis upon physical or mental reality in questions of maleness and femaleness, ( b ) perceptions of MtFs as male or female, or indeed a third category, ( c ) views of MtFs as homosexual or heterosexual, ( d ) notions of MtFs as ‘wrong’ minds or bodies, as well as disordered or different. In each case I will outline the viewpoints that are expressed in the West (to be honest, the English-speaking West), and then outline the viewpoints that one comes across in a culture very different to the West, unusual (if not unique) both in terms of the numbers of people living as transgenders (our observations indicate that as many as one male in every 170 may be living as a transgender), as well as in terms of the commonlyheld perceptions of what transgender is. That culture is Thailand. The transgenders there are called by many names (more of that later), but I shall refer to them by one of the most widely used – kathoey.

Jenkins C, Ayutthaya PP, Hunter A (2005). Katoey in Thailand: HIV/AIDS and Life opportunities. Produced by the United States Agency for International Development. PDF Download. The term katoey (or kratoey) has traditionally been used to refer to a third gender category, known in English as “lady boy” and in Thai as “sao praphet song” or “second type of woman” and other terms with similar meanings. It appears that all recognized homosexually active males were once called katoey and had a variety of roles in different sectors of society, including spirit mediums in the north (Matzner, 2002a). Over the last two decades, however, Thailand has seen the introduction and evolution of other identity terms for homosexually active males focused on gay identity and behavioral roles, such as “gay queen” and “gay king” (Jackson, 1996; Murray, 1999). Middle-class and urban life styles have become more associated with gay identity than with katoey identity. The public face of the katoey has shifted toward greater transgenderism and transsexualism, particularly as Thailand has a well-developed medical establishment ready to perform various forms of surgery to feminize the body. While these identity distinctions have at times led to discrimination against katoey by gays, gradual co-existence in certain venues and jobs is leading to greater chances for affiliation. In this study, the identity of katoey is self-defined and reveals a wide range of gender presentations as well as a crossover in self-identification (i.e., calling oneself both katoey and gay).

von Feigenblatt, Otto F (2010). Resisting Universalistic Feminist and Queer Hegemonic Discourses: An Emic Model of Thai Gender and Sexuality. RCAPS Working Paper No. 10-1.  PDF Download. "Where are the Masculine Gays in Thailand? Masculine homosexual men have been at the forefront of the “gay movement” in the West while they were invisible until the late 1980s in Thailand (Peter A. Jackson, 1997). This leads to the question of where are the masculine gays in Thailand? Needless to say there have always been masculine homosexual men in Thailand however their presence was hidden from view by prevalent cultural practices. Since homosexual actions were relatively accepted in the private realm, and those actions did not automatically determine the identity of the person, masculine gays were counted as part of the regular male population. Form is more important than essence in terms of gender in the Thai context and because of that, in the eyes of the majority of the population, masculine gays were performing the role of men in terms of dress and behavior. Nevertheless, it should be noted that masculine homosexual men were prevented from establishing long term relationships with other masculine men and appearing in public as a couple (Morris, 1997). The reasons for the previous limitation is that while homosexuality was permitted in the private realm, in the public realm everyone had to perform one of the two “master” roles of either mother or father. Due to the emphasis on the public performance of gender and the lack of a clear gay identity formed in opposition to heterosexual men, masculine gays were never at the forefront of gender rights in Thailand. Most masculine gays in Thailand identified with the traditional role of men even while engaging in homosexual acts in the private sphere. The result of this is that a “gay” identity never developed from autochthonous sources. When the “gay movement” was transplanted to Thailand from the West in the late 1980s it only reached a small minority of urban masculine homosexual men mostly involved in the entertainment business. Moreover, the movement was never able to gain the support of other subgender groups such as lesbians and kathoeys (Kamano & Khor, 1996)..

The Hegemony of ‘LGBT' (2011): There are countless examples of how the mainstream LGBT movement uses stigma to limit access to legal and policy agenda-setting to those who meet its narrow identity criteria. In this post I’d like to focus on two places in particular: the example of third-gender kathoeys in Thailand and the example of alternative queer genders and sexualities in the US. In Thailand, as Sonia Katyal describes in her piece “Exporting Identity” (14 Yale Journal of Law and Feminism 97-176), there was an understanding before the Western mainstream LGBT movement showed up of three genders: male, female, and kathoey. If the word “gay” did come up, it would probably refer to a kathoey, but what Westerners would term “homosexual behavior” was generally private. When the Western LGBT movement arrived in the 1980s on the heels of globalization and the spreading AIDS crisis, a new masculine-identified image of the gay man showed up in Thai culture. “Gay” became public, seeking legitimacy through masculinity. The word “gay,” Katyal posits, may have come into common use in Thailand specifically to distinguish these masculine-identified gay men who aligned themselves with the Western movement from kathoeys. Whereas gender identity had not previously been regulated by the state, the adoption of the Western LGBT model in Thailand made private public. Thai gay men turned social stigma on kathoeys, alienating both kathoey identity and effeminate gender expression. They began to define themselves in opposition to the newly-stigmatized kathoeys, who were then socially and legally sanctioned due to their public visibility. Ironically, they also became an easy target for state actors who objected to the arrival of the LGBT movement in Thailand...

Phuket hospitals: the Phuket Plastic Surgery Center, Thailand. - Transsexual, Law and Medicine in Thailand by Sanguan Kunaporn (Journal of Asian Sexology) - The Lovely Ladies of Doctor Sanguan: "Nestled in the tropical forest of Phuket is one of Thailand's best kept secrets-an international hospital which turns men into lovely women." - Other Articles.

Boys Will Be Girls. In a Bangkok clinic, $1,000 can turn a man into a woman. Some call that the price of freedom (2001, Alternate Link). - Thai Transvestite Volleyball Team.

Team Pilipinas: Philippine Rainbow Flag flies at the 2009 Manila Pride March N/A. - Filipino LGBTIs for Nick Perlas in 2010 N/A. - Survey on the Oppression and Violence against Filipino LGBTIs and other SGMs (Google Translation) N/A. - Team Pilipinas: Facing Inequality (2010) N/A. - What Made Me This Way? Contrasting Reflections by Thai and Filipina Transwomen (2006). - Transgenderism: The Philippine experience (2008). - Baylan, Asog, Transvestism, and Sodomy: Gender, Sexuality and the Sacred in Early Colonial Philippines.

The "Thank You" Girls: "The 'Thank You' Girls" is a Visayan film with a gay lingo twist. Tired of losing in all the beauty competitions in Davao City, five dysfunctional gay beauty pageant veterans decide to travel north to Cagayan de Oro City, in the island of Mindanao. Their mission: to conquer the grandest competition of beauty, personality and brains in the whole province. They believe that being city dwellers, gays in the province will never stand a chance against them. - STRAP: Society of Transsexual Women of the Philippines. - Transgendered Women of the Philippines (2008).

Philippines: Gay Travel, Life & Culture. Photo Galleries, Stories, Links, News & Reports

Malaysia: - PT Foundation Mak Nyah: works to empower transgender and transsexual people and to foster a supportive, informed community. The Foundation works through the Islamic culture and tradition to counter discrimination by building community alliances. - Malaysia: Transsexuals should be treated fairly (2010). - Gender trouble: some thoughts on transgenderism in Malaysia (2008). - Neither Here Nor There: the Legal Dilemma of the Transsexual Community in Malaysia (2005). - Jeffrey Jessie: Recognising Transexuals by Honey Tan Lay Ean (2005). - Documentary of a Malaysian Transgender (2009). Teh, Y. K. (2001) Mak Nyahs (Male Transsexuals) in Malaysia: The Influence of Culture and Religion on their Identity. IJT 5(3).

Fazdil Min Bahari (Fatine): Malaysia's most famous transsexual (2009). - Live and let live (Malaysian transsexual faces deportation for overstaying in Britain): The story of Fatine, the 36-year-old transsexual married to a British man and about to be deported to Malaysia for overstaying, once again brings to light the intense discrimination that transgender people suffer in Malaysia. If I were Fatine, I too would be worried for my safety and well-being upon returning to Malaysia. The prospect of life here would be grim after all the publicity... There was a time in Malaysia when transsexuals could undergo sex reassignment surgery (SRS) in the country, have his or her name changed to reflect the new gender, and identity card, passport and driving licence all changed with new photographs, new name and new sex assignment. Some even got married and were able to adopt children and became grandparents. Then in 1983, all this changed when the National Fatwa Council issued a fatwa against sex reassignment surgery for Muslim transsexuals and banned Muslim doctors from performing the surgery. The one Muslim doctor in Malaysia had to stop his practice...

Indonesia: - Indonesia’s transgendered community is raising its profile (2007): Indonesia’s large transgendered community, who describe themselves as waria, a term for transgendered people derived from the words wanita (woman) and pria (man). As Shuniyya says in her softly spoken, decidedly feminine voice: ‘People see the waria as sex workers on the side of the streets at night, dressed in mini-skirts, with silicone-inflated breasts as large as watermelons. They see the show business drag queens who perform on stage and on television. They see these waria and think that they know what a waria is. They don’t. The waria they see are just the most obvious and easy to identify, and the ones the straight community are most likely to meet.’ Shuniyya is uncomfortable with many of the current definitions of the term ‘waria’, simply because these definitions are not sufficiently inclusive... - Indonesia's transgender Koran school (BBC, Video).

NZ Commission celebrates the Transgender Inquiry in Indonesia (2009). - U.S. grants asylum in Indonesian transgender case (2008). - Human Rights Abuses Against Sexual Minorities in Indonesia (2007).  - Indonesia’s transgender community faces discrimination (2009). - Transgender Beauty Contest in Bali (2010). - Strategic Communities: The Notion of Keluarga in Indonesia and among Females of Same-Sex Attraction in Yogyakarta (2006): All self identify as butchi and assume masculine gender. They are therefore not to be seen as representative of all females of same-sex attraction in Yogyakarta. - Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) – Update for ICAAP, Bali, 2009 N/A: Waria are considered at risk for HIV transmission, especially due to: stigma and marginalization; strong association with sex work; have less access to health services; health services lack skills and expertise in providing services to transgender; low educational levels and social economic status; highly mobile; significant violence and human rightsabuses especially by police and in prisons.

Singapore: - Transgender people in Singapore (Wisipedia). - SgButterfly: First Transgender Portal. - Singapore name change for transgender people (2007). - Leona's Story (2003-2007).

Japan: - Sex change no cure for torment: Surgery an option but transsexuals still face legal walls (2001). - Male Homosexuality  and Popular Culture in Modern Japan (2000): Today, homosexuality in Japan is largely conflated with cross-dressing and transgenderism due to the prominence of cross-dressed individuals featured in the media and the entertainment world. Thus, homosexual men are understood to be okama (literally a 'pot' but meaning something similar to the English word 'queen') and are usually represented as cross-dressed and effeminate. The use of the term okama derives from the slang usage of the term to refer to the buttocks and thereby to anal sex which is considered to be the definitive sexual act engaged in by homosexual men. However, use of this term is extremely loose and it can be used to describe a man who displays any transgender attribute. - Beginnings of Sex Reassignment Surgery in Japan (2001). -  The Newhalf Net: Japan's “Intermediate Sex” On-Line (2002). - From the stage to the clinic: changing transgender identities in post-war Japan (2004).

China: - Transgender in China (Wikipedia). - China’s Transgender Community  (2009). - China’s Progressive Attitude Toward Transgender Community (2009). - Progress on LGBT Visibility Amidst Government Restrictions (2009).

The Arts Centre Presents Shanghai Beauty (2010): Whilst still serving in the army, Jin Xing travelled to Europe and America studying with some of the world's best dancers and choreographers including Merce Cunningham and Martha Graham, winning a multitude of awards including "Best Choreographer Award" at the American Dance Festival in 1991. Returning to China from Europe at age 26, Jin Xing underwent sex reassignment surgery to become the first transsexual recognised by the Chinese government. Her story has been made famous by the documentary Colonel Jin Xing: A Unique Destiny. - L'étrange destin du colonel Jin Xing (2004): As a man, Jin Xing was a colonel in China's People's Liberation Army. Now as a woman she's a mother, a world class ballerina, an actress, and China's most famous modern dancer. This is her story. - Related Video:  Dancing From The Communist Cocoon - China.  Related: Shanghai Beauty.

Taiwan: - Being Transgender in Taiwan. - Embodying gender: transgender body/subject formations in Taiwan (2006, PDF). - Transgenders Protest New Policy in Taiwan (2008): A government policy in Taiwan has made it more difficult for transgenders to get an ID, creating panic in the community. The policy, which went into effect last year, stipulates that female-to-male transgenders cannot get an ID card that identifies them as male unless they have undergone all three parts of gender reassignment surgery. - Taiwan model Alicia Liu admits she is transgender (2010).

Hong Kong: - Hong Kong plays transgender catch-up (2009): In the biggest challenge yet to traditional Chinese values about sex in this city of 7 million people, a male-to-female transsexual is suing the government for the right to marry her male partner. Moreover, because the plaintiff makes such a compelling case, traditionalists find themselves on the legal defensive. - MtF Transgendered Persons in Hong Kong (2007, Study). - Transgender Casting in the Hong Kong film world: There has been quite a number of women playing male or gender-ambiguous characters in Hong Kong movies. The same-sex dynamics and identity confusion so common in Hong Kong film are rarely seen in Western movies, at least not in the same context.

Gender Embodiment: Transgender Body/Subject Formations in Taiwan (Josephine Ho, National Central University Taiwan) (Abstract, Must Scroll: PDF Download): "‘A soul trapped in the wrong body’ is a common description employed by trans subjects to explain their unusual condition. This self-characterization includes two important premises: that the body and the soul (or identity, self-image, etc.) are two separate and independent entities whose correct alignment makes up the effect of gender; and that the soul occupies a higher position than the body, to the extent that any mismatch between the two is to be resolved by modifying the body (through cross-dressing, hormonal therapy, SRS, or other procedures) to match the soul. The body-soul imagery may help illuminate the awkward situation of trans subjects by graphically presenting the often contradictory feelings and images that trans subjects have to negotiate as they move through social space. Yet the simple graphic of the body-soul imagery also tends to obscure the manifold differences among trans subjects, differences that may very well affect the credibility of their claim to ‘a soul trapped in the wrong body.’ More importantly, the imagery further conceals ‘the daily effort of doing gender in everyday interactions that all of us engage in.’ The present paper presents the various ways in which Taiwanese transgender subjects have forged out of limited social means and support their own constructions of gender and identity. As the contradictory and disharmonious body/identity of the transgender subjects struggles to assert itself despite existing gender stereotypes and prejudices, their self-reflexive project of doing gender are also constantly ‘trans’-gressing/’trans’-forming existing gender/sexuality categories."

South Korea: - S.Korea's top transgender beauty ties knot (2007). - The Korean Transgender Community (2009). - Korean Court Convicts Man for Raping Transgender Woman (2009). - S. Korea in dilemma over transgender citizens' (2006). - South Korea: Anti-Discrimination Bill Excludes Many (2007): Human Rights Watch highlighted the removal from the non-discrimination bill of language that extended protection to sexual orientation and urged the cabinet to make explicit that the proposed law covers discrimination based on gender identity.

South Asia: - Mapping Transgender Groups, Organisations and Networks in South Asia (2008). Strike a Pose: India’s Transgender Pageant (2010). - India hosts its first ever transsexual beauty pageant (2009). - India's transgender talk show host (2008). - Pakistan to Recognize Transgender Individuals (2009). - Living on the extreme margin: social exclusion of the transgender population (hijra) in Bangladesh (2009). Pakistan Grants Transgender Rights (2009). - Suicide rate rising among transgenders (India, 2010).

Hijra: South Asia (Wikipedia). - The Hijra Research Blog. - YouTube: Hijra. - A eunuch pioneer in India politics. - India’s wings of desire (2001). - Hijras of india: paradox and surrogate families. - The Hijras of Pakistan. - Blurring the gender lines in Bangladesh (2000). - Stop Police Brutality Against Hijras and Kothis in Bangalore! - Hijras: Who We Are  by Meena Balaji and other Eunuchs as told to Ruth Lor Malloy. - The Rise of Eunuchs in Hindi Films. - Film Reviews: "Bombay Eunuch" (2001). - Nepal Jumps Ahead on Gay and Transgender Rights (2008) (Related 2009 Video: Transgender Rights in Nepal).

Where gays hide their pride (2010): ''Gay and homo are words wealthy and educated people use,'' he says. ''The people around here call us gur [raw sugar] or mitha [sweet].'' Young homosexual men in Mumbai often move between multiple city identities including sex worker, massage boy, student and even Bollywood film extra. But they may have a wife and family back in their village. Kavi, an adviser with UNAIDS, has identified at least 13 distinct groups of men who have sex with men in India, apart from the gay community. This includes India's traditional Hijra, or transgender community; itinerant transport workers such as truck drivers; and aspiring male actors who flock to Bollywood each year in the hope of stardom. Male film extras have been identified as vulnerable to HIV infection because many sell sex in order to survive between acting jobs. They may also have to exchange sex for work.

 Sangama:  A sexuality minorities human rights organization for individuals oppressed due to their sexual preference. Sexuality minorities include, but are not limited to, hijras, kothis, doubledeckers, jogappas, lesbians, bisexuals, homosexuals, gays, Female-to-male/male-to-female transsexuals and other transgenders. We aim to help live their lives with self acceptance, self respect and dignity. We especially emphasize the concerns of sexuality minorities from poor and/or non-English speaking backgrounds and sexuality minority sex workers, who otherwise have little to no access to information and resources. - Human Rights Violations against the Transgender Community.

Living on the Extreme Margin: Social Exclusion of the Transgender Population (Hijra) in Bangladesh (2009). - Sexual identity and its contribution to MSM risk behavior in Bangaluru (Bangalore), India: the results of a two-stage cluster sampling survey (2008): More feminine kothis (26%) and hijras (13%) mostly reported receptive sex, and masculine panthis (15%) and bisexuals (23%) insertive anal sex. However, behavior did not always conform to expectation, with 25% and 16% of the sample reporting both insertive and receptive anal intercourse with known and unknown noncommercial partners, respectively (p < 0.000). Although behavior often complied with stereotyped role and identity, male-with-male sexual practices were fluid. Reification of these categories in an intervention context may hinder our understanding of the differential HIV risk among MSM. - Not to stigmatize but to humanize sexual lives of the transgender (hijra) in Bangladesh: condom chat in the AIDS era (2008). - A hidden sexuality: hijra sex workers and their risks of HIV/AIDS and std in Bangladesh (2002).

I Want to Be Myself: Perspectives on Japan's Transgender Community. - Japan's Transgender Community (2009). - The transgender world in contemporary Japan: the male to female cross-dressers' community in Shinjuku (2006). - Gender identity transformed from 'freak' into rights issue (2007): Japan looks to respect rights of those with gender disorders, but even progress carries its own set of risks. - Japanese Youngsters’ Fashion: A Transgender Language N/A (2008). - Japan: Discrimination against Lesbians, Bisexual Women and Transgender Persons: A Shadow Report (2009). - Japan transsexual queen wants her country more tolerant (2009). - Filipino transsexuals arrested in Japan for fake marriages (2010). - Male-female Transgender Identities and Popular Culture in Postwar Japan.

Beauty and Power: Transgendering and Cultural Transformation in the Southern Philippines - 1997 - by Mark Johnson. - Global Divas: Filipino Gay Men in the Diaspora - 2003 - by Martin F. Manalansan IV (Review) (Review). - Dear Uncle Go: Male Homosexuality In Thailand - 1995 - by Peter Jackson (About the Author) (Review) (Review). - The Invisibles: A Tale of the Eneuchs of India - 1998 - by Zia Jaffrey. (Related Information) (Review). Gender Diversity: Crosscultural Variations - 1999 - by Serena Nanda (Review) (Review). - Undercurrents: Queer Culture and Postcolonial Hong Kong - 2008 - by Helen Hok-Sze Leung (Google Books) (Review) (Review) (Review). - The Mak Nyahs: Malaysian Male to Female Transsexuals - 2003 - by Yik Koon Teh, Teh Yik Koon (Review) (Review). - Philippine Gay Culture: Binabae to Bakla, Silahis to MSM - 2009 - by J. Neil C. Gracia (Review) (Review). - Tritiya-Prakriti: People of the Third Sex - 2008 - by Amara Das Wilhelm (Introduction) (From the book: A Third Sex Around the World) (Review). - Queer Japanese: Gender and Sexual Identities through Linguistic Practices - 2010 - by Hideko Abe. - 'O Au No Keia: Voices from Hawai'i's Mahu and Transgender Communities - 2001 - by Andrew Matzner (Review) (Review). - Neither Man Nor Woman: The Hijras of India - 1998 - by Serena Nanda (Related) (Related) (Review). - Toms and Dees: Transgender Identity and Female Same-sex Relationships in Thailand - 2004 - by Megan J. Sinnott (Google Books(Review) (Thailand' Toms and Dees (2009): Lesbians are accepted in Thai society, even six-year-olds with mullet haircuts.).- The Third Sex: Kathoey: Thailand's Ladyboys - 2004 - by Richard Totman (Review) (Review) (Review).

A Review of Three Ethnographic Films: Ladyboys (1992),  Sunflowers (1997), and Shinjuku Boys (1996). Other Films of Interest noted. - Ladyboys: The Film.


To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

French Articles & Resources

Transsexualisme (Wikipédia) - Se sentir homme ou femme : le transsexualisme ou transsexualité (2006). - La Haute autorité de santé (HAS) s'est penchée sur la question du transsexualisme (2010). - Centre d'Aide, de Recherche et d'Information sur la Transsexualité et l'Identité de Genre (French. Some Information in English).-  Resource Links & Contacts. -  Articles (French). - Phénomène prostitution: Quelles approches? - La non-crédibilité peut conduire au suicide. - Le paradoxe de Tirésias, ou comment c'est, "se savoir d'un autre sexe". - Coeur @ coeur. - Le transsexualisme n'est plus une maladie mentale (2010). - Un prof désire changer de sexe : le transsexualisme à l’école pose question (2010)

Quelques problèmes relatifs à la définition de l'identité sexuelle dans l'anthropologie sociale contemporaine (1996). - Des Transgenders. Le brouillage des identité sur le marché de la prostitution  (Related article: L'arc ou le panier.) - Carte des intimités dans la famille et différenciation sexuelle de l’enfant (2001). - Le transsexualisme. - La métamorphose transsexuelle comme renaissance (2007). - La plus belle chose du monde la transsexualité (2009). - Entendre la voix des enfants transsexuel-le-s et transgenres (2006). -  Quand on nait transsexuel dans un pays du monde Arabe! (2009).

Vers une conceptualisation du transsexualisme (2005). - L’identité sexuelle (2006): Article en préparation pour l’ouvrage collectif "dictionnaire de la transsexualité." - Le transsexualisme : de nouveaux enjeux pour le travail social ? (2007). - Working at the edge : s'engager dans un travail thérapeutique avec des jeunes ayant un développement atypique de l'identité de genre (2008).

Demande de changement de sexe et trajectoire biographique. Tous les chemins mènent-ils à la demande de changement de sexe ? (2004).

Le journal des Travestis de Suisse Romande et de France. - ABC: une association d'entraide et de soutien pour transgenres.

Le journal des Travestis de Suisse Romande et de France. - ABC: une association d'entraide et de soutien pour transgenres.

ACT UP Paris: Discriminations des transgenres et transsexuelLEs (Translation): Les articles liés au sujet (2004-2011): 19 associations dénoncent le mépris du TGI de Lyon vis-à-vis des trans (2010). L’incarcération des trans’ (2010). Trans dépsychiatriséEs : on aimerait bien (2009)...

Chronologie et bibliographie représentative du transsexualisme et des pathologies de l'identité sexuelle de 1910 à 1998 en France, en Europe et aux Etats-Unis, en psychiatrie, psychanalyse, sexologie, endocrinologie et chirurgie, avec les principaux événements institutionnels et les références sociologiques, juridiques et littéraires souvent citées qui s'y rapportent.  Première partie: 1910-1972. - Deuxième partie: 1973-1998.

To "The SEARCH Section" For The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts... and The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!


The "SEARCH Section" For...
The Best Search Engines & Information Directories, The Searchable Sites to Locate Papers & Abstracts...
And The Sites - Some Searchable - Where "Free Papers" Are Available!

Search Engines & Directories: Google.com. - Google Scholar. - MSN Search.- Proteus Search. - Wikipedia Listing of Search Engines. - All GLBT Resource Directories. - Google's GLBT Directory. - Yahoo's Directory. - DMOZ: Open Directory. - BGLAD. - Wikipedia. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture.

Directories for Open Access Resources: - The Directory of  Open-Access Journals. - Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR). - Yahoo Theses Access Directory. - Google Directory: Free Access Online Archives.

Open Access Collections From Multiple Sources: - Australian Research Online. - hal: articles en ligne (French / English Version). - Archive Ouverte INRIA. - Hispana. Directorio y recolector de recursos digitales. - Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe, España y Portugal- Pacific Rim Library. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. - OpenPDF.com. - OpenJ-Gate: Open Access. findarticles.com: many free full text articles and papers. - Scribd.com

Search for Free Papers / Book Reviews: - All Papers are free at BioMed Cental (Open Access) & PubMed Central. - HighWire Press (Numerous Free Papers).  eScholarship Repository:  University of California, e-books, journals and peer-reviewed documents. - DSpace Eprints: Australian National University. - DSpace@MIT. - Virginia Tech: Digital Library / Archives. - eScholarship: U of California. - University of Southampton CiteBase. - Eprints: University of Nottingham. - T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries.  - NTUR, National Taiwan University- Allacademic: Some free papers to either read online or download as PDFs. -  UNESCO: Articles, Report, Dissertations, Films, etc. - Kyoto University Research Information Repository. - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki- E-LIS: eprints in Library & Information Services. - CogPrints: eprints. - RePEc: Research Papers in Economics. - DiVa: Scandinavian University Documents. - The International Gay & Lesbian Review (IGLR): Book Reviews & Abstracts. - InterAlia, a peer-edited scholarly journal for queer theory

Search for Free Articles, Papers or ReportsFindArticles.com - The Free Library. - France Queer Resources Directory. - Séminaire gai. - The QRD. - GLBTQ: The Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender & Queer Culture. - Human Rights Campaign. - IGLHRC: The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission. - ILGA: The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. - ILGA-Europe: International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association of Europe. - Magnus Hirschfeld Archive for Sexology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. - Kinsey Institute Staff Publications. - Sexual Policy Watch Working Papers. NAZ Foundation International: Primary aim is to improve the sexual health and human rights of marginalised males who have sex with males, their partners and families in South Asia and elsewhere.  The World Health Orgazization. - The Body: The complete HIV/AIDS Resource. - POZ Magazine: Archive dates back to 1994.

Search for Papers, with Abstract Available (Some May Be Free): The National Library of Medicine (Free papera are highlighted). Abstracts from searches are available at: ERIC: The Education Resources Information Center (Many Free Documents). - Informaworld. - Oxford Journals (Some Open Access Content). - Springer Journals (Some Open Access Content). - ScienceDirect Journals. - University of California Press Journals on Caliber. - IngentaConnect. - Project Muse. - JSTOR: The Scholarly Journal Archive. - Wiley Interscience. - Cambridge Journals Online: Follow Link. - Sage Journals. - Palgrave Macmillan Journals. - Emerald E-journals. - University of Chicago Journals. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Journals. - HeinOnline (Access Free Content, Law Papers). - SSRN: Social Science Research Network.

Search for Free Theses / Dissertations, May Include Papers: Library & Archives Canada, Electronic Free Theses Download. - Virginia Tech: Electronic Theses and Dissertations. - DSpace@MIT. - Electronic Theses & Dissertations BYU. - OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) Center & Worldwide ETD Index. - Australasian Digital Theses Program (Abstracts Given & Free Downloads). - Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (Abstracts). - PQDTOpen Dissertations (Abstracts & Free Downloads: ProQuest). DART-Europe: Free Access to European Doctoral Theses. - The British Library's EThOS service (British Doctoral Theses Abstracts). - DORAS: Free Theses,  Ireland. - TEL (thèses-en-ligne). - DiVa: Scandinavian Theses / Other Documents. - BORA: Open Archive, University of Bergen, Norway.  - Doctoral dissertations and other publications from the University of Helsinki. - LUP: Lund University Publications. - National Cheng Kung University Institutional Repository. - HKU Scholars Hub. - Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertacoes (BDTD), Brazil. - OAIster: a union catalog of available digital resources. Free papers also available - OpenThesis.org.

Full Text GLBTQ Papers / Articles by/at: - Gay & Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review. -  Archive of Sexology Full Text Papers. - Hawaii AIDS Education and Training Center: AIDS Education Project. - Arlene Istar Lev. - F. Kenneth Freedman. - Margaret Nichols & IPG Staff. - Michael Shernoff. - Gary Remafedi. - Susan Cochran & Vickie Mays (and Others). - Gregory M. Herek and others. - Esther Rothblum. - First International Conference of Asian Queer Studies: Index of Papers. (Related Book) - "Queer Space: Centres and Peripheries" Conference Papers. -  Sexualities: Bodies, Desires, Practices: Project Archives: 2nd Global Conference on Sex & Sexuality Papers,  2005,  3rd Conference, 2006: Probing the Problematics: Sex and Sexuality. Papers in one PDF + More Conferences. - Intersections: Gender & Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. - The Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review - Special Issue, 1996: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education (Many Authors, abstracts, articles). - The International Journal of Transgenderism (Many Authors, Official Journal of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association: HBIGDA). - Lesbigay SIGnals. - Self-Help Psychology Magazine. - Australian Humanities Review Archive Index. - Schools Out Document Resource. - All NGLTF Documents. - National Coalition for LGBT Health: Downloading Page For Full Text Papers and Reports.

 

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